Climatological Report (Monthly)
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000
CXUS53 KICT 011710
CLMSLN

CLIMATE REPORT
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE WICHITA KS
1210 PM CDT WED MAY 1 2013

...................................

...THE SALINA KS CLIMATE SUMMARY FOR THE MONTH OF APRIL 2013...

CLIMATE NORMAL PERIOD 1981 TO 2010
CLIMATE RECORD PERIOD 1894 TO 2013

WEATHER         OBSERVED          NORMAL  DEPART  LAST YEAR`S
                 VALUE   DATE(S)  VALUE   FROM    VALUE  DATE(S)
                                          NORMAL
................................................................
TEMPERATURE (F)
RECORD
 HIGH             105   04/23/1989
 LOW               17   04/07/2009
HIGHEST            86   04/30                         95  04/24
                        04/29
LOWEST             23   04/24                         33  04/23
AVG. MAXIMUM     62.1              67.1    -5.0     72.1
AVG. MINIMUM     38.7              43.2    -4.5     47.3
MEAN             50.4              55.2    -4.8     59.7
DAYS MAX >= 90      0               0.6    -0.6        2
DAYS MAX <= 32      0               0.0     0.0        0
DAYS MIN <= 32     10               3.0     7.0        0
DAYS MIN <= 0       0               0.0     0.0        0

PRECIPITATION (INCHES)
RECORD
 MAXIMUM         7.09   1944
 MINIMUM         0.21   1937
TOTALS           2.33              3.05   -0.72     2.93
DAILY AVG.       0.08              0.10   -0.02     0.10
DAYS >= .01         9               8.4     0.6       10
DAYS >= .10         5               5.5    -0.5        3
DAYS >= .50         2               2.1    -0.1        2
DAYS >= 1.00        0               0.7    -0.7        2
GREATEST
 24 HR. TOTAL    0.76   04/17 TO 04/18

DEGREE_DAYS
HEATING TOTAL     446               318     128      184
 SINCE 7/1       4790              4768      22     4044
COOLING TOTAL      15                23      -8       33
.................................................................

WIND (MPH)
AVERAGE WIND SPEED              12.5
HIGHEST WIND SPEED/DIRECTION    35/190    DATE  04/06
HIGHEST GUST SPEED/DIRECTION    51/190    DATE  04/14

SKY COVER
POSSIBLE SUNSHINE (PERCENT)   MM
AVERAGE SKY COVER           0.40
NUMBER OF DAYS FAIR           15
NUMBER OF DAYS PC              5
NUMBER OF DAYS CLOUDY         10

AVERAGE RH (PERCENT)     63

WEATHER CONDITIONS. NUMBER OF DAYS WITH
THUNDERSTORM              0     MIXED PRECIP               0
HEAVY RAIN                0     RAIN                       3
LIGHT RAIN                8     FREEZING RAIN              2
LT FREEZING RAIN          1     HAIL                       0
HEAVY SNOW                0     SNOW                       0
LIGHT SNOW                6     SLEET                      0
FOG                      11     FOG W/VIS <= 1/4 MILE      1
HAZE                      2

-  INDICATES NEGATIVE NUMBERS.
R  INDICATES RECORD WAS SET OR TIED.
MM INDICATES DATA IS MISSING.
T  INDICATES TRACE AMOUNT.

$$

                  ...APRIL 2013 ONE OF 10 COLDEST ON RECORD...

AS EVERYONE KNOWS...THE ATMOSPHERE HAS FAILED TO REALIZE THAT SPRING HAS
ARRIVED. IN APRIL...THOSE FAILED REALIZATIONS CONTINUED AS 2 STRONG COLD
FRONTS SURGED ACROSS KANSAS...ENABLING RECORD-SETTING COLD TO INVADE THE
NEIGHBORHOOD.

THE FIRST COLD FRONT PLOWED SOUTHEAST ACROSS KANSAS ON THE 9TH AND 10TH.
THIS COLD FRONT PRODUCED HEINZ 57 VARIETY WEATHER THAT RANGED FROM
THUNDERSTORMS THAT PRODUCED QUARTER-SIZED HAIL AND FREEZING RAIN TO AN
ICE STORM THAT PRODUCED 1/4 TO 1/2 INCH ACCUMULATIONS ON TREES AND POWER
LINES. THERE WERE A FEW INSTANCES IN SOUTH-CENTRAL KANSAS WHEN AND WHERE
ICE ACCUMULATIONS HAD REACHED BETWEEN 1 AND 2 INCHES ON TREES. NO DOUBT
DAMAGE TO TREES AND POWER LINES WAS CONSIDERABLE...WITH MANY ROADS AND
HIGHWAYS GETTING QUITE SLICK. RECORD COLDEST HIGH TEMPERATURES WERE SET
ON THE 10TH IN CENTRAL AND SOUTH CENTRAL KANSAS...A FEW OF WHICH WERE
BY CONSIDERABLE MARGINS. THE NEW RECORDS WERE:

            NEW RECORD       PREVIOUS
WICHITA:    34 DEGREES      38 IN 1913
SALINA:     33 DEGREES      38 IN 1997
RUSSELL:    32 DEGREES      TIED 1997
HUTCHINSON: 32 DEGREES      40 IN 1997

SUSTAINED NORTH WINDS OF 30 TO 40 MPH...WITH GUSTS THAT REACHED 45 TO 50
MPH...PRODUCED NUMBING WIND CHILLS THAT PLUNGED TO BETWEEN 10 AND 15
ACROSS CENTRAL AND SOUTH-CENTRAL KANSAS ON BOTH THE 10TH AND 11TH. PRIOR
TO THE COLD FRONT`S ARRIVAL...AFTERNOON TEMPERATURES REACHED THE MID AND
UPPER 70S ON THE 8TH AND 9TH...BUT ON THE 10TH...THOSE HIGH TEMPERATURES
DROPPED FASTER THAN A FREE-FALLING ELEVATOR AS HIGHS PLUNGED 30 TO 35
DEGREES FROM THE 9TH TO THE 10TH.

PRECIPITATION TOTALS IN SOUTH-CENTRAL KANSAS WERE QUITE IMPRESSIVE WITH
MANY AREAS RECEIVING BETWEEN 1 AND 2 INCHES. KINGMAN "RAINED" SUPREME
WITH 2.31 INCHES.

THE SECOND...AND EVEN STRONGER...COLD FRONT SURGED ACROSS KANSAS ON THE
22ND AND 23RD. HIGHS ON THE 21ST AND 22ND HAD REACHED THE LOWER 70S IN
SEVERAL AREAS. BY THE MORNING OF THE 23RD...TEMPERATURES HAD TUMBLED 35
TO 45 DEGREES ACROSS CENTRAL AND SOUTH-CENTRAL KANSAS...WHERE LOWS OF
25 TO 35 DEGREES WERE DOMINANT. MANY TEMPERATURE RECORDS WERE SHATTERED
IN BOTH THE COLDEST HIGH AND RECORD LOW VARIANTS. ON THE 23RD...THE NEW
RECORD COLDEST HIGH TEMPERATURES WERE BY TREMENDOUS MARGINS.

ON THE 23RD:
COLDEST HIGH:  NEW RECORD    PREVIOUS
WICHITA:       37 DEGREES   47 IN 1931
SALINA:        37 DEGREES   47 IN 1967
RUSSELL:       34 DEGREES   46 IN 1999

RECORD LOWS:
WICHITA:       32 DEGREES   34 IN 1996
RUSSELL:       26 DEGREES   29 IN 1967

ON THE 24TH:
RECORD LOWS:
WICHITA:       25 DEGREES   31 IN 1967
SALINA:        23 DEGREES   26 IN 1967
RUSSELL:       20 DEGREES   25 IN 1967

DUE PRIMARILY TO THE 2 STRONG COLD FRONTS THAT SURGED SOUTHEAST ACROSS
KANSAS...APRIL 2013 JOINED THE "TEN COLDEST APRILS" FRATERNITY. THE TEN
COLDEST APRILS RANKINGS ARE:

WICHITA:
1)  48.0 IN 1983
2)  49.9 IN 1907
3)  50.3 IN 1926
4)  50.8 IN 1918
5)  51.0 IN 1997
6)  51.0 IN 1920
7) *51.3 IN 2013*
8)  51.4 IN 1944
9)  51.8 IN 1984 *TIED*
10) 51.8 IN 1953 *TIED*

CHANUTE:
1)  49.1 IN 1983
2)  51.4 IN 1953
3)  51.5 IN 1993
4)  51.6 IN 1997
5)  51.8 IN 1926
6) *52.4 IN 2013* *TIED*
7) *52.4 IN 1951* *TIED*
8)  52.7 IN 1961
9)  52.9 IN 1950
10) 53.2 IN 1916

SALINA:
1)  46.7 IN 1983
2)  48.8 IN 1907
3)  49.0 IN 1918
4)  49.1 IN 1920
5)  49.6 IN 1926
6)  50.0 IN 1953
7)  50.2 IN 1997 *3-WAY TIE*
8)  50.2 IN 1984 *3-WAY TIE*
9)  50.2 IN 1966 *3-WAY TIE*
10) 50.3 IN 1916
11) 50.4 IN 2013*

(NOTE: SALINA`S APRIL AVERAGE OF 50.4 DEGREES RANKED 11TH OVERALL...BUT
WHEN THE 3-WAY TIE 50.2 DEGREES BETWEEN 1997...1984 AND 1966 IS
CONSIDERED...2013 BECOMES SALINA`S 9TH COLDEST APRIL ON RECORD.)

HAD IT NOT BEEN FOR WARMUP FROM THE 28TH TO THE 30TH...THE 2013 EDITION
WOULD HAVE NO DOUBT FINISHED HIGHER ON TEN COLDEST RANKINGS...PERHAPS AS
HIGH AS 4TH PLACE.

THE SECOND COLD FRONT ALSO PRODUCED A WIDE VARIETY OF PRECIPITATION. THE
MOST NOTEWORTHY WAS IN THE SNOW DEPARTMENT. FROM THE 23RD TO THE 24TH UP
TO 2 INCHES ACCUMULATED IN A FEW AREAS OF CENTRAL KANSAS. IN MANY CASES
THIS WAS THE LATEST OCCURRENCE OF MEASURABLE SNOWFALL ON RECORD. WICHITA
MEASURED 0.2 INCH ON THE 23RD...THE LATEST OCCURRENCE OF MEASURABLE
SNOWFALL IN THE AIR CAPITAL WHICH BROKE THE RECORD OF 0.1 INCH MEASURED
ON APRIL 20TH 1918.

PRIOR TO THE MUCH COLDER AIR`S ARRIVAL...SCATTERED THUNDERSTORMS ERUPTED
OVER PRIMARILY SOUTH-CENTRAL KANSAS WHERE HALF INCH TO ONE INCH DIAMETER
HAIL OCCURRED ON THE EVENING OF THE 22ND. VERY HEAVY RAINS ALSO OCCURRED
WITH MANY AREAS RECEIVING 1.5 TO 2 INCHES IN SOUTH-CENTRAL AND SOUTHEAST
KANSAS FROM THE 22ND TO THE 23RD.

$$

ES





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