Drought Information Statement
Issued by NWS Oklahoma City, OK

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DROUGHT INFORMATION STATEMENT
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE NORMAN OK
430 PM CDT THU OCT 2 2014

...MULTI-YEAR DROUGHT ENTERS FIFTH YEAR...

...EXTREME TO EXCEPTIONAL DROUGHT COVERS MOST OF SOUTHWEST
OKLAHOMA...WESTERN NORTH TEXAS AND AREAS OF NORTHERN OKLAHOMA...

...ELSEWHERE MODERATE TO SEVERE DROUGHT COVERS THE WESTERN HALF OF
OKLAHOMA...

...ABNORMALLY DRY TO MODERATE DROUGHT CONDITIONS CONTINUE IN SOUTHEAST OKLAHOMA...


SYNOPSIS...

ACCORDING TO THE U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR...DATED SEPTEMBER
30TH...EXTREME TO EXCEPTIONAL DROUGHT...COVERED ALL OF WESTERN NORTH
TEXAS....SOUTHWEST OKLAHOMA AND PARTS OF NORTHERN OKLAHOMA.  OUTSIDE
THE EXCEPTIONAL TO EXTREME DROUGHT...MODERATE TO SEVERE
CONDITIONS WERE NOTED WEST OF INTERSTATE 35.

THE U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR USES FIVE CLASSIFICATIONS...LABELED D0-D4.

DROUGHT LEVELS...
D0 -- ABNORMALLY DRY OR RECOVERING FROM DROUGHT
D1 -- MODERATE DROUGHT
D2 -- SEVERE DROUGHT
D3 -- EXTREME DROUGHT
D4 -- EXCEPTIONAL DROUGHT

POSSIBLE IMPACTS...
D0...SHORT-TERM DRYNESS SLOWING PLANTING, GROWTH OF CROPS OR PASTURES.
D1...SOME DAMAGE TO CROPS...PASTURES.  VOLUNTARY WATER-USE RESTRICTIONS REQUESTED.
D2...CROP OR PASTURE LOSSES LIKELY. WATER SHORTAGES COMMON WITH WATER RESTRICTIONS REQUESTED.
D3...MAJOR CROP AND PASTURE LOSSES. WIDESPREAD WATER SHORTAGES OR RESTRICTIONS.
D4...EXCEPTIONAL AND WIDESPREAD CROP AND PASTURE LOSSES.  SHORTAGES OF WATER IN RESERVOIRS
CREATING WATER EMERGENCIES.


A GRAPHICAL DEPICTION OF DROUGHT CONDITIONS MAY BE FOUND ONLINE AT
THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE NORMAN HOMEPAGE AND THE UNITED STATES
DROUGHT MONITOR PAGE.

CLIMATE SUMMARY...
ACCORDING TO THE OKLAHOMA CLIMATOLOGICAL SURVEY...34 OF THE LAST
48 MONTHS HAVE BEEN DRIER THAN AVERAGE ACROSS THE STATE OF OKLAHOMA.
WICHITA FALLS...TEXAS HAS RECORDED ONLY 9 MONTHS OF ABOVE AVERAGE PRECIPITATION
DURING THE SAME PERIOD...AND THIS IS INDICATIVE OF OTHER LOCATIONS IN WESTERN
NORTH TEXAS AND SOUTHWEST OKLAHOMA.

NEAR NORMAL TO SLIGHTLY ABOVE NORMAL PRECIPITATION OCCURRED DURING THE SUMMER
OF 2014...ESPECIALLY DURING THE MONTHS OF JUNE AND JULY.  THIS PROVIDED
TEMPORARY DROUGHT RELIEF AND HELPED CROP PRODUCTION.  HOWEVER...SINCE MID
AUGUST...GENERALLY WARMER THAN AVERAGE TEMPERATURES AND BELOW AVERAGE PRECIPITATION
HAVE EMERGED.

THE TABLE BELOW LIST THE AVERAGE PRECIPITATION FOR SEVERAL CLIMATE
DIVISIONS ACROSS THE WESTERN TWO-THIRDS OF OKLAHOMA OVER THE PAST
FOUR YEARS...ENDING SEPTEMBER 30...2014.


CLIMATE       TOTAL          DEPARTURE          RANK SINCE
DIVISION  PRECIPITATION     FROM NORMAL            1895
          LAST 4 YEARS
--------     --------       -----------         ----------
N.CENTRAL     97.07"          -28.86"            6TH DRIEST
W.CENTRAL     78.91"          -34.69"            4TH DRIEST
CENTRAL      118.88"          -31.64"            9TH DRIEST
SOUTHWEST     85.40"          -35.68"            DRIEST ON RECORD
S.CENTRAL    119.35"          -43.49"            DRIEST ON RECORD
STATEWIDE    112.85"          -33.03"            4TH DRIEST

OKLAHOMA CITY 137.54"          -8.54"


WESTERN NORTH TEXAS STATIONS

WICHITA FALLS 73.91"          -42.42"            DRIEST ON RECORD


PRECIPITATION/TEMPERATURE OUTLOOK...

THE 6 TO 10 DAY OUTLOOK (OCTOBER 7-11)FROM THE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER...INDICATES
SLIGHTLY BETTER CHANCES OF ABOVE NORMAL TEMPERATURES ACROSS OKLAHOMA AND WESTERN NORTH
TEXAS. MEANWHILE...THERE IS A SLIGHTLY BETTER CHANCE FOR BELOW NORMAL TEMPERATURES DURING
THE 8 TO 14 DAY PERIOD (OCTOBER 9-15).  BOTH THE 6 TO 10 AND 8 TO 14 DAY OUTLOOKS CALL
FOR SLIGHTLY BETTER CHANCES OF ABOVE AVERAGE PRECIPITATION ACROSS OKLAHOMA AND NORTH TEXAS.

THE THREE MONTH OUTLOOK (OCTOBER-DECEMBER) CALLS FOR EQUAL CHANCES OF BELOW AVERAGE...
AVERAGE OR ABOVE AVERAGE TEMPERATURE...WITH SLIGHTLY BETTER CHANCES OF ABOVE AVERAGE
PRECIPITATION.

SUMMARY OF IMPACTS...

A MAJORITY OF THE CROPS...AS OF LATE SEPTEMBER...WERE RATED FAIR TO
GOOD.


CROP CONDITIONS (%)

             VERY POOR  |  POOR  |  FAIR  |  GOOD  |  EXCELLENT
PASTURE/RANGE:    5         15       36       39          5
COTTON:           2         16       54       27          1
SORGHUM:          3          7       24       56         10
PEANUTS:          -          1       39       54          6

HYDROLOGIC SUMMARY AND OUTLOOK...

DRIER THAN NORMAL CONDITIONS OVER THE PAST COUPLE OF MONTHS IN THE
REGION HAD CAUSED HYDROLOGICAL CONDITIONS TO DETERIORATE DURING THE
PERIOD. INFORMATION FROM THE U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY (USGS) INDICATED THAT
MOST LOCATIONS ALONG RIVERS AND CREEKS IN THE WESTERN TWO-THIRDS OF
OKLAHOMA...AND WESTERN NORTH TEXAS...WERE EXHIBITING 7-DAY STREAMFLOW
AVERAGES THAT WERE IN THE 10 TO 24 PERCENT (BELOW NORMAL) RANGE OR
LESS THAN 10 PERCENT (WELL BELOW NORMAL) RANGE. IN ADDITION... SEVERAL
SITES IN SOUTHWESTERN OKLAHOMA AND WESTERN NORTH TEXAS WERE AT RECORD
LOW FLOWS FOR THIS TIME OF THE YEAR. ONLY A FEW SCATTERED LOCATIONS
IN OKLAHOMA AND TEXAS HAD STREAMFLOW AVERAGES THAT WERE NEAR NORMAL.

WITH RESPECT TO HYDROLOGIC DROUGHT CONDITIONS... MODERATE DROUGHT
TO SEVERE CONDITIONS WERE OCCURRING IN THE WASHITA RIVER BASIN IN
WESTERN AND SOUTHERN OKLAHOMA. BELOW NORMAL CONDITIONS WERE ALSO
OCCURRING IN NORTH CANADIAN RIVER BASIN IN CENTRAL OKLAHOMA... AND
THE RED RIVER BASIN IN SOUTHERN OKLAHOMA AND WESTERN NORTH TEXAS.

RESERVOIR CONDITIONS AS OF OCT 2ND...

ACCORDING TO THE U.S. ARMY CORPS OF ENGINEERS (COE)... AS WELL AS
DATA FROM OTHER FEDERAL AND STATE AGENCIES... LEVELS AND STORAGE
CONTENTS AT SEVERAL RESERVOIRS IN NORTHERN AND CENTRAL OKLAHOMA
RANGED FROM SLIGHTLY BELOW TO SLIGHTLY ABOVE NORMAL. HOWEVER...POOL
ELEVATIONS AND STORAGE CONTENTS AT MOST RESERVOIRS IN WESTERN AND
SOUTHERN OKLAHOMA AND WESTERN NORTH TEXAS... AND SOME RESERVOIRS IN
CENTRAL OKLAHOMA... WERE WELL BELOW NORMAL DUE TO THE PROLONGED
DROUGHT CONDITIONS. THE AFFECTED RESERVOIRS RANGED FROM ABOUT 5 TO
31 FEET BELOW THEIR NORMAL POOLS... OR ABOUT 8 TO 80 PERCENT BELOW
THEIR NORMAL STORAGE CAPACITIES. BELOW IS A LIST OF MAJOR RESERVOIRS
WITH THE NORMAL POOL AND CURRENT POOL ELEVATIONS.

---------------------------------------------------------------------
                        TOP OF       CURRENT   PERCENT
RESERVOIR               NORMAL        POOL    OF NORMAL
                         POOL         ELEV.     POOL
                       (FT MSL)     (FT MSL)
---------------------------------------------------------------------

*** ARKANSAS RIVER BASIN ***

GREAT SALT PLAINS LAKE  1125.0       1124.75     95%
KAW LAKE                1009.0       1008.00    100%
FORT SUPPLY LAKE        2004.0       2003.44     92%
LAKE HEFNER             1199.0       1191.10     80%
CANTON LAKE             1615.4       1602.29     21%
LAKE OVERHOLSER         1242.0       1235.62     51%
ARCADIA LAKE            1006.0       1006.56    101%
STANLEY DRAPER LAKE     1191.0       1174.81     97%
LAKE THUNDERBIRD        1039.0       1037.20     90%

*** RED RIVER BASIN ***

ALTUS LAKE              1559.0       1528.20     11%
TOM STEED LAKE          1411.0       1396.08     23%
LAKE ELLSWORTH          1235.0       1226.22     42%
LAKE LAWTONKA           1345.6       1340.56     89%
LAKE KEMP               1144.0       1123.08     29%
LAKE KICKAPOO           1045.0       1029.91     28%
LAKE ARROWHEAD           926.4        906.56     20%
WAURIKA LAKE             951.4        933.85     33%
FOSS LAKE               1642.0       1623.27     41%
FORT COBB LAKE          1342.0       1335.28     70%
ARBUCKLE LAKE            872.0        864.08     74%
LAKE TEXOMA              615.0        611.02     74%
ATOKA LAKE               590.0        583.08     70%
MCGEE CREEK LAKE         577.1        574.63     92%

*** BRAZOS RIVER BASIN ***

MILLERS CREEK RSVR.     1334.5       1311.27      8%

---------------------------------------------------------------------


RESTRICTIONS...
IN WESTERN NORTH TEXAS
BAYLOR AND WICHITA COUNTIES HAVE COUNTY ESTABLISHED BURN BANS.

THE CITY OF WICHITA FALLS HAS IMPLEMENTED STAGE 5 WATER RESTRICTIONS
OR A DROUGHT CATASTROPHE.

IN OKLAHOMA...
DROUGHT EMERGENCY WATER RESTRICTIONS ARE IN PLACE IN ALTUS...WHILE
CLINTON HAS STRINGENT WATER USE PLANS IN PLACE.

MANY TOWNS AND MUNICIPALITIES HAVE AT LEAST ODD/EVEN WATER RESTRICTIONS
IN PLACE.  OKLAHOMA CITY HAS IMPLETED A YEAR-ROUND ODD/EVEN WATER RESTRICTION
PLAN.


NEXT ISSUANCE DATE...
THIS STATEMENT WILL BE UPDATED ON OR AROUND NOV 30TH.

&&

RELATED WEB SITES...

NORMAN NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE
HTTP://WWW.WEATHER.GOV/NORMAN

OKLAHOMA CLIMATOLOGICAL SURVEY (OKLAHOMA MESONET)
HTTP://WWW.MESONET.ORG

DROUGHT MONITORING TOOLS FROM OKLAHOMA MESONET
HTTP://WWW.MESONET.ORG/RAINFALL_UPDATE.HTML

NOAA DROUGHT INFORMATION CENTER:
HTTP://WWW.DROUGHT.NOAA.GOV

CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER:
HTTP://WWW.CPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV

U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR:
HTTP://WWW.DROUGHT.UNL.EDU/DM/MONITOR.HTML

DROUGHT IMPACT REPORTER (NATIONAL DROUGHT MITIGATION CENTER)
HTTP://DROUGHTREPORTER.UNL.EDU

NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS SERVICE
HTTP://WWW.NASS.USDA.GOV/

OKLAHOMA COOPERATIVE EXTENSION SERVICE
HTTP://WWW.OCES.OKSTATE.EDU/

UNITED STATES GEOLOGIC SURVEY (USGS):
HTTP://WATER.USGS.GOV/

OKLAHOMA FORESTRY SERVICES
HTTP://WWW.FORESTRY.OK.GOV/BURN-BAN-INFORMATION

TEXAS FOREST SERVICE (BURN BAN)
HTTP://TFSFRP.TAMU.EDU/WILDFIRES/DECBAN.PNG

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS...
THE UNITED STATES DROUGHT MONITOR (USDM) IS A MULTI-AGENCY
EFFORT INVOLVING NOAA/ NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE AND THE NATIONAL
CLIMATIC DATA CENTER...THE USDA...STATE AND REGIONAL CENTER
CLIMATOLOGISTS...AND THE NATIONAL DROUGHT MITIGATION CENTER.
INFORMATION FOR THIS STATEMENT HAS BEEN GATHERED FROM NWS AND FAA
OBSERVATION SITES...STATE COOPERATIVE EXTENSION SERVICE...THE
USDA...USACE AND THE USGS. THE USDM IS A WEEKLY NATIONAL PRODUCT
ISSUED ON THURSDAY MORNING USING DATA COLLECTED THROUGH THE PREVIOUS
TUESDAY MORNING...SO IT DOES NOT CONSIDER PRECIPITATION WHICH HAS
FALLEN AFTER THE DATA CUT-OFF TIME.

QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS...

FOR ADDITIONAL INFORMATION OR TO PROVIDE FEEDBACK ON OUR DROUGHT
PRODUCTS AND SERVICES...PLEASE CONTACT...

NWS FORECAST OFFICE
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE
120 DAVID L. BOREN BLVD.
SUITE 2400
NORMAN, OK 73072
PHONE: (405) 325-3816
E-MAIL: SR-OUN.WEBMASTER@NOAA.GOV

$$


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