Drought Information Statement
Issued by NWS Reno, NV

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DROUGHT INFORMATION STATEMENT
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE RENO NV
500 PM PDT FRI JUN 26 2015

...DROUGHT STATEMENT FOR NEVADA AND EASTERN CALIFORNIA...

...SEVERE TO EXCEPTIONAL DROUGHT CONDITIONS IN CENTRAL AND WESTERN
NEVADA AND EASTERN CALIFORNIA...

...SOME IMPROVEMENT FOR EASTERN NEVADA...

1/ NEVADA AND EASTERN CALIFORNIA DROUGHT DISASTER DESIGNATIONS...AS
OF APRIL 8 2015...ALL COUNTIES IN CALIFORNIA ALONG THE NEVADA BORDER
WERE DESIGNATED AS PRIMARY NATURAL DROUGHT DISASTER AREAS BY THE
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. IN NEVADA ALL COUNTIES EXCEPT WHITE
PINE AND LINCOLN WERE DESIGNATED AS PRIMARY NATURAL DROUGHT DISASTER
AREAS DUE TO DAMAGES AND LOSSES CAUSED BY THE DROUGHT CONDITIONS.
FARMERS AND RANCHERS IN LINCOLN AND WHITE PINE COUNTIES ALSO QUALIFY
FOR NATURAL DISASTER ASSISTANCE AS THESE COUNTIES WERE DESIGNATED
CONTIGUOUS NATURAL DISASTER AREAS. FROM USDA.

IN CALIFORNIA...GOV JERRY BROWN APPROVED A 1 BILLION DOLLAR
EMERGENCY DROUGHT RELIEF AND WATER INFRASTRUCTURE BILL IN MARCH.
FUNDING IN THE BILL WOULD ACCELERATE EMERGENCY AID TO STRUGGLING
CALIFORNIA CITIES AND COMMUNITIES...INCLUDING EMERGENCY FOOD AID...
DRINKING WATER...WATER RECYCLING...CONSERVATION AWARENESS AND FLOOD
PROTECTION FUNDING. THE AID FOLLOWS ACTIONS BY THE STATE WATER
RESOURCES CONTROL TO PASS THE MOST STRINGENT STATEWIDE MEASURES IN
THE STATE`S HISTORY...LIMITING OUTDOOR IRRIGATION AND REQUIRING BARS
AND RESTAURANTS TO SERVE WATER ONLY WHEN SPECIFICALLY ASKED BY
PATRONS. FROM LAS VEGAS, NV, REVIEW-JOURNAL, MAR 27, 2015.

SEE WWW.USDA.GOV/DROUGHT /IN LOWER CASE/ FOR MORE INFORMATION ON
DROUGHT DISASTER DECLARATIONS AND ASSISTANCE.

2/ CURRENT DROUGHT INTENSITY IN NEVADA AND EASTERN CALIFORNIA...
THE U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR /DROUGHTMONITOR.UNL.EDU/ IS UPDATED WEEKLY
BY THE NATIONAL DROUGHT MITIGATION CENTER. IT IS A SYNTHESIS OF
MULTIPLE DROUGHT INDICES AND IMPACTS THAT REPRESENTS A CONSENSUS OF
SCIENTISTS IN MANY FEDERAL...STATE AND LOCAL AGENCIES...AS WELL AS
THOSE IN PRIVATE INDUSTRY.

THE DROUGHT MONITOR IS USED BY THE USDA TO DETERMINE DROUGHT
SEVERITY...TO DECLARE DROUGHT DISASTER AND IS THE MECHANISM USED TO
PROVIDE AID TO THE AGRICULTURAL COMMUNITY. IT IS ALSO THE PRIMARY
TOOL USED BY THE NEVADA DEPARTMENTS OF EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AND
WATER RESOURCES TO RESPOND TO AND PROVIDE ASSISTANCE FOR DROUGHT AND
MITIGATE DROUGHT IMPACTS THROUGH THEIR DROUGHT RESPONSE PLAN.

AS OF JUNE 23 2015...THE U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR CLASSIFIED MOST OF
WESTERN...CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN NEVADA AND EASTERN CALIFORNIA AS IN
SEVERE DROUGHT /LEVEL 2 OF 4 LEVELS OF DROUGHT/ OR GREATER WHILE
MOST OF EXTREME EASTERN AND SOUTHEAST NEVADA AND FAR SOUTHEAST
CALIFORNIA WAS CATEGORIZED AS ABNORMALLY DRY TO SEVERE DROUGHT.

THE AREA OF EXTREME TO EXCEPTIONAL DROUGHT IN NEVADA INCLUDED ALL
OR PORTIONS OF THE FOLLOWING COUNTIES...

CARSON CITY...CHURCHILL...DOUGLAS...ELKO...ESMERALDA...HUMBOLDT...
LANDER...LYON...MINERAL...NYE...PERSHING...STOREY AND WASHOE.

THE HARDEST HIT AREAS OF DROUGHT...WHERE IT WAS CLASSIFIED AS
EXCEPTIONAL...ARE EASTERN PERSHING AND CHURCHILL COUNTIES...A SMALL
PART OF WESTERN LANDER COUNTY...ALL OF STOREY COUNTY AND CARSON
CITY...ALONG WITH DOUGLAS COUNTY AND MOST OF LYON COUNTY...THE
SOUTHERN THIRD OF WASHOE COUNTY...A SMALL PART OF ESMERALDA COUNTY
AND WESTERN MINERAL COUNTY IN NEVADA.

THE AREAS LEAST AFFECTED BY DROUGHT IN NEVADA INCLUDED NORTHEAST AND
CENTRAL ELKO COUNTY WHICH WAS CLASSIFIED AS ABNORMALLY DRY OR IN
MODERATE DROUGHT ALONG WITH MUCH OF LINCOLN AND CLARK COUNTIES AND A
SMALL PART OF NORTHEAST NYE COUNTY WHICH WERE ALSO CLASSIFIED AS IN
MODERATE DROUGHT.

DROUGHT SEVERITY WAS CLASSIFIED AS EXTREME OR EXCEPTIONAL FOR ALL
CALIFORNIA COUNTIES BORDERING NEVADA FROM MODOC COUNTY SOUTH TO FAR
WESTERN SAN BERNARDINO COUNTY. THE AREA OF EXCEPTIONAL DROUGHT
/DROUGHT LEVEL 4/ INCLUDED MOST OF MODOC AND ALL OF LASSEN...
PLUMAS...SIERRA...NEVADA...PLACER...EL DORADO...ALPINE AND MONO
COUNTIES...AND FAR NORTHERN AND WESTERN INYO COUNTY. MOST OF INYO
COUNTY AND FAR WESTERN SAN BERNARDINO COUNTY WERE CLASSIFIED AS
HAVING EXTREME DROUGHT. SOUTHEAST INYO COUNTY AND MUCH OF THE
REMAINDER OF SAN BERNARDINO COUNTY WERE CLASSIFIED AS HAVING SEVERE
DROUGHT...EXCEPT FOR THOSE AREAS OF SAN BERNARDINO COUNTY BORDERING
THE COLORADO RIVER WHICH WERE CLASSIFIED AS HAVING ABNORMALLY DRY
CONDITIONS TO MODERATE DROUGHT.

3/ SYNOPSIS...
BELOW TO MUCH BELOW NORMAL PRECIPITATION HAS OCCURRED OVER MOST OF
EASTERN CALIFORNIA AND NEVADA SINCE OCTOBER 2011. SMALL PARTS OF
EASTERN AND WESTERN NEVADA HAVE EXPERIENCED NEAR NORMAL TO SLIGHTLY
ABOVE NORMAL PRECIPITATION DURING THIS TIME...AS WELL AS AREAS ALONG
THE COLORADO RIVER IN EXTREME SOUTHEAST CALIFORNIA.

SINCE THE BEGINNING OF OCTOBER 2014 PARTS OF HUMBOLDT COUNTY...MUCH
OF PERSHING COUNTY...CENTRAL CHURCHILL COUNTY...CENTRAL WASHOE
COUNTY...MUCH OF MINERAL COUNTY...SOUTHERN LYON COUNTY...SOUTHEAST
DOUGLAS COUNTY...SOUTHERN ALPINE COUNTY...NORTHERN MONO COUNTY...A
SMALL PART OF ESMERALDA COUNTY AND CENTRAL LASSEN COUNTY HAVE
RECEIVED ABOVE TO SLIGHTLY ABOVE NORMAL PRECIPITATION. THE REMAINDER
OF THE AREA HAS BEEN BELOW NORMAL SINCE OCTOBER 2014.

HIGH SNOW LEVELS DURING THE FEW STORMS THAT OCCURRED THIS PAST
WINTER COMBINED WITH AN EARLY SEASON MELT DUE TO VERY WARM
TEMPERATURES IN JANUARY THROUGH MARCH TO LEAVE THE SIERRA AND MUCH
OF NORTHERN NEVADA WITH A RECORD TO NEAR RECORD LOW SNOWPACK FOR
EARLY APRIL INTO EARLY MAY. THE LOW SNOWPACK HAS RESULTED IN RECORD
TO NEAR RECORD LOW RUNOFF SO FAR THIS SPRING.

FOLLOWING A DRY START TO MAY...THE MIDDLE OF THE MONTH SAW A SHIFT
TO A COOLER AND WETTER PATTERN...BRINGING ABOVE AVERAGE
PRECIPITATION TO MUCH OF EASTERN CALIFORNIA...WESTERN AND NORTHERN
NEVADA. SNOW ALSO FELL IN THE HIGHEST ELEVATIONS OF NORTHERN NEVADA
AND THE SIERRA. THIS INCREASED PRECIPITATION WILL BRING A BRIEF
PERIOD OF SHORT TERM RELIEF...BUT ITS DURATION AND INTENSITY ARE
LIKELY TO BE TOO MINIMAL TO PROVIDE ANY LONG TERM RELIEF IN DROUGHT
STRICKEN AREAS. EARLY JUNE CONTINUED THE WET TREND... BUT THIS ENDED
ABRUPTLY BY THE MIDDLE OF THE MONTH WHEN HOT DRY CONDITIONS RETURNED
TO THE REGION.

/SEE:HTTP://WWW.WRCC.DRI.EDU/WWDT/ARCHIVE.PHP?FOLDER=PON6PER/

4/ DROUGHT IMPACTS...
THE WINTER OF 2014/15 WAS THE FOURTH STRAIGHT WINTER WITH BELOW
NORMAL PRECIPITATION FOR MUCH OF THE AREA. WHILE FALL 2014 AND EARLY
FEBRUARY 2015 BROUGHT SOME RELIEF...MUCH OF THE AREA HAS SEEN BELOW
AVERAGE PRECIPITATION SINCE OCTOBER 2011. THE FOLLOWING
IMPACTS...WHILE NOT ALL INCLUSIVE...REPRESENT SOME OF THE MOST
IMPACTFUL EFFECTS OF THE CONTINUING DROUGHT ON THE REGION OVER THE
LAST YEAR.

A/ RANCHING...
THE AGRICULTURAL ACT OF 2014 ALLOWED LIVESTOCK PRODUCERS WHO HAD
SUFFERED LOSSES AS FAR BACK AS OCTOBER OF 2011 TO APPLY FOR
ASSISTANCE. A LIVESTOCK INDEMNITY PROGRAM MAY ASSIST PRODUCERS WHO
LOST STOCK DUE TO ADVERSE WEATHER. OFFICIALS WITH THE USDA SAID AS
MUCH AS $2-3 BILLION COULD BE PAID FOR PAST DISASTERS. APPLICATIONS
HAD TO BE RECEIVED BY JAN 1, 2015. FROM LINCOLN, NE, JOURNAL STAR,
APRIL 17, 2014.

THE US DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE ANNOUNCED IN MARCH 2015 ITS
LIVESTOCK FORAGE DISASTER PROGRAM IS AVAILABLE TO OFFSET GRAZING
LOSSES IN 2015...SIMILAR TO BENEFITS THAT WERE AVAILABLE FROM 2011
TO 2014. FROM FORT WORTH, TX, STAR-TELEGRAM, MAR 26, 2015.

DUE TO THE DROUGHT DISASTER DESIGNATION THROUGHOUT ALL COUNTIES IN
THE REGION...RANCHERS HAVE BEEN ABLE TO OBTAIN VARIOUS FINANCIAL AND
TAX RELIEF SOLUTIONS THROUGH USDA. SEE THE USDA FARM SERVICES AGENCY
WEBSITE FOR DETAILS /WWW.FSA.USDA.GOV.

B/ AGRICULTURE...
FARMERS DID NOT RECEIVE A FULL ALLOCATION OF WATER IN THE SUMMER OF
2013 AND MOST RECEIVED LITTLE IF ANY OF THEIR ALLOCATIONS FOR THE
SUMMER OF 2014. THIS WILL BE TRUE AGAIN FOR MANY AREAS IN THE 2015
IRRIGATION SEASON.

HUMBOLDT RIVER BASIN...
NO DELIVERIES WERE MADE FOR THE 2014 IRRIGATION SEASON ON THE LOWER
HUMBOLDT BELOW RYE PATCH RESERVOIR. MOST FARMERS AND RANCHERS IN THE
LOWER HUMBOLDT BASIN DO NOT SUPPLEMENT SURFACE WATER WITH GROUND
WATER. RYE PATCH RESERVOIR REMAINS NEAR 5 PERCENT OF CAPACITY.

IN A CONVERSATION WITH THE PERSHING COUNTY WATER CONSERVATION
DISTRICT IN EARLY APRIL...IT WAS LEARNED THAT THE DISTRICT IS NOT
CURRENTLY PLANNING ANY DELIVERIES BELOW RYE PATCH RESERVOIR FOR THE
2015 IRRIGATION SEASON.

THE FIVE COUNTIES OF THE HUMBOLDT RIVER WATER AUTHORITY
/HUMBOLDT...ELKO...EUREKA...LANDER AND PERSHING/ HAVE REINFORCED THE
STATE OF NEVADA ACTION DECLARING A DROUGHT RESOLUTION THAT WOULD
ENCOURAGE NEVADA AND FEDERAL AGENCIES TO COORDINATE TO BEST HANDLE
DROUGHT IMPACTS IN THE HARD HIT AREAS.

WALKER RIVER BASIN...
INITIAL STORAGE WATER ALLOCATIONS FOR THE WALKER RIVER BASIN FOR THE
2015 IRRIGATION SEASON WERE ANNOUNCED ON MARCH 15 2015. WELL BELOW
AVERAGE STORAGE IN BRIDGEPORT RESERVOIR AND TOPAZ LAKE ALONG WITH A
BELOW AVERAGE SNOW PACK IN THE UPPER PORTIONS OF THE WALKER BASIN
RESULTED IN STORAGE ALLOCATIONS SET AT 3 PERCENT ON THE EAST WALKER
RIVER AND 4 PERCENT ON THE WEST WALKER RIVER. THE WALKER RIVER
IRRIGATION DISTRICT ONCE AGAIN ENCOURAGED WATER RIGHTS HOLDERS TO
TAKE THEIR WATER AS SOON AS POSSIBLE RATHER THAN WAIT LATER IN THE
SEASON. THERE WAS CONCERN THAT THE STORAGE ALLOCATIONS COULD
EVAPORATE IN THE RESERVOIRS BEFORE BEING SERVED. THE ALLOCATION
FIGURES DEAL ONLY WITH STORAGE WATER RIGHTS. SURFACE RIGHTS ARE
COVERED UNDER THE C-125 FEDERAL COURT DECREE AND ARE BASED ON THE
PRIORITY OF THE WATER RIGHTS. RENO, NV GAZETTE-JOURNAL, MARCH 16,
2015.

IN EARLY FEBRUARY THE NEVADA STATE ENGINEER ISSUED AN ORDER THAT
REQUIRES A 50 PERCENT MANDATORY REDUCTION OF SUPPLEMENTAL GROUND
WATER PUMPING FOR THE 2015 IRRIGATION SEASON IN THE SMITH AND MASON
VALLEYS OF THE WALKER RIVER BASIN. THE OBJECTIVES OF THE ORDER ARE
TO PROTECT EXISTING WATER RIGHTS AND WELLS...PROTECT THE PHYSICAL
INTEGRITY OF THE AQUIFER AND TO PROTECT THE LONG TERM WATER SUPPLY.
FROM THISISRENO.COM, FEB 4, 2015.

IN EARLY APRIL A TEMPORARY INJUNCTION WAS ISSUED TO THE CURTAILMENT
ORDER. FROM RENO, NV. GAZETTE-JOURNAL, APRIL 3, 2015.

CARSON RIVER BASIN...
RAIN IN MAY AND EARLY JUNE ALLOWED LESS WATER TO BE TAKEN BY
IRRIGATORS IN THE UPPER PORTIONS OF THE CARSON BASIN...BUT THIS WAS
JUST A TEMPORARY SITUATION ACCORDING TO THE TRUCKEE-CARSON
WATERMASTER.

IN EARLY APRIL 2015 THE TCID BROAD OF DIRECTORS SET THE ALLOCATION
FOR THE 2015 IRRIGATION SEASON AT 20 PERCENT BELOW LAHONTAN
RESERVOIR. THE BOARD WILL REVISIT THESE ALLOCATIONS ONCE THE
IRRIGATION SEASON COMMENCES TO SEE IF FURTHER RESTRICTIONS ARE
NEEDED. FROM TCID E-MAIL COMMUNICATION.

TRUCKEE RIVER BASIN...
LAKE TAHOE DROPPED BELOW ITS NATURAL RIM LATE ON OCTOBER 15, 2014
FOR THE FIRST TIME SINCE 2009. THIS MEANT ONLY A SMALL TRICKLE OF
WATER WAS ESCAPING LAKE TAHOE AND BY OCTOBER 17 VIRTUALLY NO FLOW
WAS LEAVING LAKE TAHOE. THE REDUCTION IN FLOWS MEANT THAT FLORISTON
RATES WERE NOT MET FROM LATE SUMMER INTO THE EARLY FALL.

AS OF APRIL 16, 2015 DISCHARGES FROM PROSSER AND BOCA RESERVOIRS
WERE CUT ON THE TRUCKEE RIVER. THIS RESULTED IN FLOWS ON THE TRUCKEE
BELOW THE RESERVOIRS DROPPING BY ROUGHLY 50 PERCENT...BELOW THE
FLORISTON RATES FOR THE SYSTEM.

DUE TO THE DROUGHT DISASTER DESIGNATION THROUGHOUT ALL COUNTIES IN
THE REGION...FARMERS MAY BE ABLE TO OBTAIN VARIOUS FORMS OF
FINANCIAL AND TAX RELIEF THROUGH USDA.  SEE THE USDA FARM SERVICES
AGENCY WEBSITE FOR DETAILS /WWW.FSA.USDA.GOV.

SUSAN RIVER BASIN...
FARMERS AND RANCHERS ACROSS CALIFORNIA WERE OFFERED 20 MILLION
DOLLARS IN AID BY THE USDA FOR WATER CONSERVATION PROJECTS. THESE
INCLUDED SUCH PROJECTS AS UPDATING IRRIGATION METHODS...PREVENTING
EROSION FROM UNPLANTED FIELDS AND DETERMINING BETTER METHODS TO
WATER LIVESTOCK. FARMERS WHO RECEIVE LESS THAN 15 PERCENT OF THEIR
WATER ALLOCATIONS WILL BE GIVEN PRIORITY. FROM SACRAMENTO, CA, BEE,
FEB 15, 2014.

IN A CONVERSATION WITH THE HONEY LAKE WATERMASTER IN EARLY APRIL IT
WAS LEARNED THAT STORAGE WAS ROUGHLY 26 PERCENT IN THE UPPER SUSAN
RIVER AND THERE WAS JUST A SMALL AMOUNT OF FLOW IN THE LOWER RIVER.
MOUNTAIN WATER STORES...WHICH ARE NORMALLY BROUGHT INTO USE IN JUNE
MAY HAVE TO BE USED IN MAY IN 2015. AFTER THAT SUPPLY IS USED
FARMERS AND RANCHERS WILL NEED TO USE STOCK WATER.

COLORADO RIVER BASIN...
THE DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR AND FOUR MUNICIPAL WATER PROVIDERS IN
ARIZONA, CALIFORNIA, NEVADA AND COLORADO HAVE CONTRIBUTED 11 MILLION
DOLLARS TO PROMOTE WATER CONSERVATION IN THE COLORADO RIVER BASIN.
THEY WILL TAKE PART IN A PILOT PROGRAM TO REDUCE WATER DEMAND BY
FARMERS, CITIES AND INDUSTRIES. FROM LAS VEGAS, NV, SUN, JULY 31,
2014.

LAKE MEAD FELL TO A NEW RECORD LOW ON JUNE 23, 2015. THE LAKE FELL
BELOW THE LEVEL THAT WOULD TRIGGER A WATER SUPPLY SHORTAGE IF THE
RESERVOIR DOES NOT RECOVER SOON. WATER MANAGERS EXPECT THE LAKE`S
LEVEL TO INCREASE ENOUGH TO WARD OFF A 2016 SHORTAGE DUE TO A WETTER
THAN EXPECTED SPRING IN THE UPPER PORTIONS OF THE BASIN. FROM
PALM SPRINGS, CA, DESERT SUN, JUNE 24, 2015.

C/ FIRE DANGER...
AS OF JUNE 25 2015...FIRE DANGER WAS RATED AS MODERATE TO HIGH OVER
MUCH OF NEVADA AND EASTERN CALIFORNIA. THERE WERE POCKETS OF VERY HIGH
FIRE DANGER IN SOUTHEAST CALIFORNIA AND SOUTHEAST NEVADA. THIS IS A
REFLECTION OF THE PERIOD OF HOT DRY WEATHER THAT DEVELOPED AFTER
THE SECOND WEEK OF JUNE.

SEE HTTP://WWW.WFAS.NET/IMAGES/FIREDANGER/FD_CLASS.PNG FOR CURRENT
CONDITIONS.

AS OF JUNE 1 2015...THE NIFC SIGNIFICANT WILDLAND FIRE POTENTIAL
FORECAST FOR THE REGION WAS ABOVE NORMAL FOR FAR WESTERN NEVADA..THE
TAHOE BASIN AND THE SOUTHERN SIERRA OF EASTERN CALIFORNIA FOR JULY
THROUGH SEPTEMBER. THE WILDLAND FIRE POTENTIAL WAS NEAR NORMAL
ELSEWHERE.

SEE U.S. FOREST SERVICE WILDLAND FIRE ASSESSMENT SYSTEM WEBSITE FOR
DETAILS...HTTP://WWW.PREDICTIVESERVICES.NIFC.GOV/OUTLOOKS/MONTHLY_
SEASONAL_OUTLOOK.PDF.

A WIND DRIVEN WILD FIRE THAT REACHED OVER 7000 ACRES DESTROYED 40
RESIDENCES IN TWO COMMUNITIES ALONG THE INYO/MONO COUNTY BORDER IN
EARLY FEBRUARY. THE ONGOING DROUGHT CONDITIONS IN THE AREA CREATED
EXTREMELY DRY BRUSH THAT FUELED THE FLAMES AND PUSHED UP THE SLOPES
TO THE SNOW LINE AROUND 8000 FEET. FROM SAN FRANCISCO, CA,
CHRONICLE, FEB 9, 2015.

ONGOING WILDFIRES IN CALIFORNIA THROUGH THE WINTER PROMPTED THE
CALIFORNIA DEPARTMENT OF FORESTRY AND FIRE PROTECTION...CALFIRE...TO
ITS HIGHEST LEVEL EVER OF SEASONAL FIREFIGHTERS THROUGH THE WINTER.
CALFIRE IS EXPECTING TO GO TO PEAK SUMMER STAFFING AS SOON AS EARLY
JUNE 2015...FOUR TO SIX WEEKS EARLIER THAN NORMAL. FROM SACRAMENTO,
CA, BEE, MAR 17, 2015.

NEVADA GOV BRIAN SANDOVAL WAS BRIEFED IN MID MAY BY STATE AND
FEDERAL FIRE OFFICIALS THAT DROUGHT CONDITIONS COULD LEAD TO LARGE
SIMULTANEOUS FIRES IN THE WESTERN STATES THIS SUMMER...HEAVILY
TAXING THE FIRE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM. FROM RENO, NV, GAZETTE-JOURNAL,
MAY 15, 2015.

A FIRE NEAR MARKLEEVILLE CALIFORNIA HAD BURNED NEARLY 17,000 ACRES
AS OF JUNE 25.

D/ FISHERIES...
LOW FLOWS CONTINUE TO IMPACT FISHERIES AROUND THE REGION.

THE DROUGHT CONDITIONS HAVE ONCE AGAIN PROMPTED NEVADA DEPARTMENT OF
WILDLIFE OFFICIALS TO RESTOCK THE TRUCKEE RIVER EARLY IN 2015.
AROUND 7000 RAINBOW TROUT WERE SCHEDULED TO BE PLANTED IN THE
TRUCKEE RIVER IN THE MIDDLE OF FEBRUARY. ADDITIONAL STOCKING WAS TO
TAKE PLACE IN THE TRUCKEE RIVER, TOPAZ LAKE, MARLETTE LAKE, SPOONER
LAKE, HOBART LAKE AND URBAN PONDS AROUND THE RENO-CARSON CITY AREA
BETWEEN LATE MARCH AND OCTOBER. THIS MARKS THE SECOND YEAR IN A ROW
DROUGHT CONDITIONS AND ANTICIPATED LOW FLOWS ON THE TRUCKEE HAVE
PROMPTED EARLY STOCKING OF THE RIVER. FROM RENO, NV, GAZETTE-
JOURNAL, FEB 12, 2015.

SEE THE NEVADA DEPARTMENT OF WILDLIFE WEBSITE /HTTP://WWW.NDOW.ORG/
FOR FISHING CONDITION INFORMATION IN NEVADA. FOR CALIFORNIA FISHING
INFORMATION...SEE THE CALIFORNIA DEPARTMENT OF FISH AND WILDLIFE
WEBSITE /HTTP://WWW.WILDLIFE.CA.GOV/

E/ VEGETATION AND WILDLIFE...
DROUGHT CONDITIONS RESULTED IN BEARS MOVING INTO MORE URBANIZED
AREAS DURING 2014 IN SEARCH OF FOOD.

AS OF EARLY NOVEMBER 2014 NEVADA WILDLIFE OFFICIALS HAD RECEIVED
WELL OVER 500 COMPLAINTS REGARDING BEARS FOR THE YEAR SO FAR...WELL
SHORT OF THE RECORD 1500 COMPLAINTS RECEIVED IN 2007...ANOTHER
DROUGHT YEAR...BUT WELL ABOVE NORMAL. OF APPROXIMATELY 70 CONFLICT
BEARS HANDLED BY NDOW...MANY HAVE BEEN FOUND AWAY FROM THEIR NORMAL
HIGH-MOUNTAIN HABITAT. INCLUDED IN THESE CALLS WERE 29 BEARS IN THE
LAKE TAHOE COMMUNITIES OF NEVADA...14 IN RENO...9 IN CARSON CITY AND
5 IN MINDEN-GARDNERVILLE. THERE WAS EVEN ONE REPORT OF A BEAR IN THE
SPANISH SPRINGS AREA OF NORTHEAST SPARKS...WELL AWAY FROM THE
MOUNTAINS. FROM RENO, NV, GAZETTE-JOURNAL, NOV 9, 2014.

THE DRY CONDITIONS ALSO AFFECTED THE NUMBER OF DUCKS STOPPING OVER
DURING THEIR MIGRATION LAST FALL. THE LACK OF WATER IN AREAS WHERE
THE DUCKS WOULD NORMALLY STOP RESULTED IN A LESSENING OF THE NUMBER
OF DUCKS AND A DECREASE IN HUNTING OPPORTUNITIES. FROM RENO, NV,
GAZETTE-JOURNAL, OCT 29, 2014.

IN MAY 2015 THE NEVADA BOARD OF WILDLIFE COMMISSIONERS SET BIG GAME
TAG LIMITS FOR THE 2015 HUNTING SEASON. THE ONGOING DROUGHT
CONDITIONS HAVE PROMPTED AN OVERALL REDUCTION FOR MULE DEER AND
CALIFORNIA BIGHORN SHEEP. SOME UNITS SAW A REDUCTION IN PRONGHORN
TAGS AS WELL...BUT STATEWIDE QUOTAS FOR PRONGHORN ROSE. STATEWIDE
QUOTAS FOR ELK AND DESERT BIGHORN SHEEP WERE UP AS WELL. FROM ELKO,
NV, DAILY FREE PRESS, MAY 21, 2015.

F/ GROUND WATER...
IN SOUTH LAKE TAHOE THREE WELLS WERE AFFECTED BY CONTAMINANTS AS
LESS GROUNDWATER WAS AVAILABLE TO DILUTE THE CONTAMINANTS. TWO OF
THE WELLS CONTAINED THE CONTAMINANT PCE. ALL THREE WELLS WERE SHUT
DOWN...LEAVING BARELY ENOUGH WATER FOR 950 HOMES. FROM CAPITAL
PUBLIC RADIO, SACRAMENTO, CA, NOV 12, 2014.

G/ URBAN AREA DROUGHT IMPACTS...
RENO/SPARKS...
THE TRUCKEE MEADOWS WATER AUTHORITY /TMWA/ SERVING THE RENO AND
SPARKS NV AREA...HAS ONCE AGAIN ASKED ITS CUSTOMERS TO VOLUNTARILY
REDUCE THEIR WATER USAGE BY 10 PERCENT FROM 2014`S LEVELS. DECREASED
WATER SUPPLY IS EXPECTED TO LEAD TMWA TO BEGIN USING ITS BACKUP
DROUGHT SUPPLIES AND INCREASED GROUND WATER PUMPING TO SATISFY WATER
NEEDS FOR THE COMING SUMMER. FROM RENO, NV, GAZETTE-JOURNAL, MAR 19,
2015.

TMWA ANNOUNCED ON JUNE 23 THAT IT HAD STARTED USING ITS DROUGHT
RESERVES. TMWA`S PROJECTIONS SHOW THAT THE 10 PERCENT REDUCTION THEY
HAVE ASKED CUSTOMERS TO MAKE WOULD ALLOW TMWA TO RETAIN 5000 ACRE
FEET OF WATER IN ITS UPSTREAM DROUGHT RESERVE RESERVOIRS. THIS WOULD
HELP TMWA MAINTAIN SUFFICIENT RESERVES FOR NEXT YEAR IF THE DROUGHT
CONTINUES. FROM MYNEWS4.COM AND KRNV TV, RENO, NV, JUNE 23, 2015.

SEE WWW.TMWA.COM/CONSERVATION FOR DETAILS.

LAS VEGAS...
BOTH THE SOUTHERN NEVADA WATER AUTHORITY /SNWA/ AND THE LAS VEGAS
VALLEY WATER DISTRICT /LVVWD/ ENACTED SUMMER WATERING RESTRICTIONS
MAY 1ST. LANDSCAPE WATERING IS ALLOWED ANY DAY OF THE WEEK BUT ONLY
DURING THE HOURS OF 7 PM TO 11 AM. NO WATERING IS ALLOWED FROM
LATE MORNING TO EARLY EVENING. THESE RESTRICTIONS WILL REMAIN IN
EFFECT THROUGH AUGUST 31. SEE WWW.SNWA.COM OR WWW.LVVWD.COM FOR DETAILS.

THE EMERGENCY DROUGHT DECLARATION MADE BY CALIFORNIA GOV. JERRY
BROWN ON JAN. 17, 2014 ALLOWS THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA TO TAKE MORE
WATER FROM LAKE MEAD. THIS COULD LEAD TO WATER RESTRICTIONS IN THE
LAS VEGAS VALLEY IN 2015. ONCE THE LAKE DROPS TO A LEVEL OF 1075
FEET SNWA CAN DECLARE A WATER SHORTAGE.

TO ALLEVIATE THE PROBLEM OF A LOWER LAKE LEVEL...SNWA IS
CONSTRUCTING A THIRD INTAKE PIPE THAT SITS DEEPER IN LAKE MEAD. IF
THIS INTAKE IS NOT COMPLETED PRIOR TO THE FIRST INTAKE BECOMING
UNUSABLE...OFFICIALS SAY SOUTHERN NEVADA COULD FACE SIGNIFICANT
PROBLEMS. POWER GENERATION COULD ALSO BE AFFECTED BY THE LOWERING
LAKE LEVEL. FROM KLAS, LAS VEGAS, NV, JAN. 26, 2014.

ON DECEMBER 10, 2014 SNWA ANNOUNCED A 3 MILE LONG TUNNEL HAD BEEN
COMPLETED TO THE THIRD INTAKE "STRAW" ON LAKE MEAD. CONSTRUCTION HAD
BEGUN IN 2008 TO PROVIDE A BUFFER AGAINST DROUGHT. THERE ARE ALSO
PLANS TO BUILD A NEW 650 MILLION DOLLAR PUMPING STATION TO PROVIDE
WATER EVEN IF THE LAKE FALLS BELOW AN ELEVATION OF 1000 FEET. FROM
LAS VEGAS, NV, SUN, DEC. 10, 2014.


H/ TOURISM AND RECREATION IMPACTS...
ON JANUARY 19, 2015 THE TAHOE DONNER CROSS COUNTRY SKI AREA
ANNOUNCED IT WOULD TEMPORARILY CLOSE BECAUSE OF LIMITED SNOW AND ICY
CONDITIONS. THE SKI AREA HAD PLANNED TO REOPEN WHEN A GREATER SNOWPACK
ALLOWED. FROM TAHOE CITY, CA, TRIBUNE, JAN 19, 2015.

IN LATE JANUARY 2015 HOMEWOOD MOUNTAIN RESORT ANNOUNCED IT WOULD
PLACE UPPER MOUNTAIN OPERATIONS ON HOLD. IN EARLY FEBRUARY THE
RESORT...ON THE WEST SHORE OF LAKE TAHOE...ANNOUNCED IT WOULD
SUSPEND ALL OPERATIONS UNTIL SNOW CONDITIONS IMPROVED. FROM TAHOE
CITY, CA, TRIBUNE, FEB 4, 2015.

NUMEROUS OTHER SKI AREAS IN THE SIERRA CLOSED BY THE MIDDLE OF MARCH
DUE TO LACK OF SNOW. THESE INCLUDED: SIERRA-AT-TAHOE...SUGAR
BOWL...DONNER SKI RANCH...SODA SPRINGS AND JUNE MOUNTAIN. TAKEN FROM
MULTIPLE NEWS REPORTS AND WEB SITES.

TOURISM OFFICIALS SAID BOOKINGS AT TAHOE AREA HOTELS WERE STRONG AT
THE START OF THE WINTER SEASON...BUT TAILED OFF CONSIDERABLY IN
FEBRUARY AS DRY WEATHER PERSISTED. FROM SACRAMENTO, CA, BEE, MARCH
18, 2015.

5/ HYDROLOGIC CONDITIONS AS OF JUNE 25 2015...

A/ SUSAN RIVER...
ON JUNE 25...FLOWS ON THE SUSAN RIVER AT SUSANVILLE WERE ABOUT 10
CUBIC FEET PER SECOND /CFS/...OR 15 PERCENT OF THE AVERAGE FLOW OF
65 CFS FOR THIS DATE.

B/ PIT RIVER...
ON JUNE 25...FLOWS NEAR CANBY CALIFORNIA...WERE UNAVAILABLE.

C/ UPPER FEATHER RIVER...
ON JUNE 25...FLOWS ON THE MIDDLE FORK FEATHER RIVER NEAR PORTOLA
WERE ABOUT 9 CFS OR 10 PERCENT OF THE 89 CFS AVERAGE FLOW FOR THIS
DATE.

D/ LAKE TAHOE AND TRUCKEE RIVER BASINS...
JUNE 25 STORAGE ON LAKE TAHOE AND TRUCKEE BASIN RESERVOIRS WAS AS
FOLLOWS.../NOTE...AF IS ABBREVIATION FOR ACRE FEET/.

LAKE TAHOE.....     0 AF... 0 PCT OF CAPACITY..  0 PCT OF JUNE 30 AVG
PROSSER RSVR.... 7886 AF...28 PCT OF CAPACITY.. 36 PCT OF JUNE 30 AVG
STAMPEDE RSVR.. 37521 AF...17 PCT OF CAPACITY.. 24 PCT OF JUNE 30 AVG
BOCA RSVR....... 5786 AF...14 PCT OF CAPACITY.. 18 PCT OF JUNE 30 AVG

NOTE: LAKE TAHOE IS SHOWN AS 0 PCT DUE TO ITS REMAINING BELOW ITS NATURAL
RIM AND NOT ALLOWING ANY WATER TO FLOW OUT OF THE LAKE

JUNE 25 FLOWS AND PERCENT OF AVERAGE FOR THIS DATE ON THE TRUCKEE
RIVER WERE AS FOLLOWS... /NOTE...CFS IS ABBREVIATION FOR CUBIC FEET
PER SECOND/

TAHOE CITY...  FLOW WAS UNAVAILABLE
TRUCKEE......  6 CFS...    1 PCT OF  447 CFS AVERAGE
FARAD........105 CFS...   11 PCT OF  984 CFS AVERAGE
RENO......... 55 CFS...    7 PCT OF  756 CFS AVERAGE
VISTA........ 65 CFS...    7 PCT OF  899 CFS AVERAGE
WADSWORTH.... 55 CFS...    7 PCT OF  788 CFS AVERAGE
NIXON........ 80 CFS...   12 PCT OF  645 CFS AVERAGE

STEAMBOAT CREEK...
JUNE 25 FLOWS ON STEAMBOAT CREEK WERE AS FOLLOWS...

AT STEAMBOAT..........   0 CFS...  0 PCT OF  31 CFS AVERAGE
AT RENO /SHORT LANE/..   2 CFS...  9 PCT OF  22 CFS AVERAGE

E/ CARSON RIVER BASIN ABOVE LAHONTAN RESERVOIR...
JUNE 25 FLOWS AND PERCENT OF AVERAGE FOR THIS DATE ON THE
CARSON RIVER ABOVE LAHONTAN RESERVOIR WERE AS FOLLOWS...

EAST FK CARSON NR MARKLEEVILLE........ 95 CFS.. 13 PCT OF  757 CFS AVG
EAST FK CARSON NR GARDNERVILLE........ 90 CFS.. 12 PCT OF  777 CFS AVG
WEST FK CARSON AT WOODFORDS........... 19 CFS.. 10 PCT OF  187 CFS AVG
CARSON RVR NR CARSON CITY............. 19 CFS..  3 PCT OF  655 CFS AVG
CARSON RVR NR FT CHURCHILL............  4 CFS..  1 PCT OF  665 CFS AVG

CARSON RIVER BELOW LAHONTAN RESERVOIR...
JUNE 25 STORAGE ON LAHONTAN RESERVOIR WAS 15945 ACRE FEET...5 PERCENT
OF CAPACITY...OR 7 PERCENT OF THE JUNE 30 AVERAGE. RELEASE FROM
LAHONTAN ON JUNE 25 WAS 660 CFS...65 PCT OF THE 1020 CFS AVERAGE.

F/ WALKER RIVER BASIN...
AS OF JUNE 25...STORAGE ON BRIDGEPORT RESERVOIR WAS 4940 ACRE
FEET...12 PERCENT OF CAPACITY...AND 17 PCT OF THE JUNE 30 AVERAGE.
STORAGE ON TOPAZ WAS 7340 AF...12 PCT OF CAPACITY...17 PCT OF THE
JUNE 30 AVERAGE.

JUNE 25 FLOWS AND PERCENT OF AVERAGE FOR THIS DATE ON THE WALKER
RIVER WERE AS FOLLOWS...

E WALKER RVR BLW BRIDGEPORT RSVR. 110 CFS.. 34 PCT OF 321 CFS AVG
W WALKER RVR ABV TOPAZ RSVR...... 140 CFS.. 17 PCT OF 830 CFS AVG
W WALKER RVR BLW TOPAZ RSVR...... 185 CFS.. 28 PCT OF 663 CFS AVG
WALKER RIVER NEAR MASON..........  85 CFS.. 11 PCT OF 759 CFS AVG
WALKER RVR NR WABUSKA............  23 CFS..  5 PCT OF 441 CFS AVG
WALKER RVR BLW WEBER DAM NR SCHURZ  0 CFS..  0 PCT OF 285 CFS AVG

G/ HUMBOLDT RIVER BASIN...
IN EARLY JUNE...STORAGE ON RYE PATCH RESERVOIR WAS 9700 ACRE
FEET...5 PERCENT OF CAPACITY...OR 9 PCT OF THE MAY 31 AVERAGE.

JUNE 25 FLOWS AT VARIOUS POINTS ON THE HUMBOLDT RIVER BASIN WERE AS
FOLLOWS...

MARYS RVR NR DEETH........... 34 CFS......  39 PCT OF THE   87 CFS AVG
HUMBOLDT RVR NR CARLIN.......100 CFS......  11 PCT OF THE  899 CFS AVG
HUMBOLDT RVR AT PALISADE.....176 CFS......  20 PCT OF THE  896 CFS AVG
HUMBOLDT RVR AT BATTLE MTN ..170 CFS......  18 PCT OF THE  925 CFS AVG
HUMBOLDT RVR AT COMUS....... 175 CFS......  21 PCT OF THE  833 CFS AVG
HUMBOLDT RVR AT IMLAY.......  78 CFS......  12 PCT OF THE  672 CFS AVG
HUMBOLDT BLW RYE PATCH DAM.. 1.5 CFS...... 0.2 PCT OF THE  582 CFS AVG

H/ JARBIDGE RIVER...
ON JUNE 25...FLOWS ON THE JARBIDGE RIVER AT JARBIDGE NEVADA WERE
ABOUT 30 CFS OR 42 PERCENT OF THE AVERAGE FLOW OF 71 CFS FOR THIS
DATE.

I/ OWYHEE RIVER...
ON JUNE 25...STORAGE ON WILDHORSE RESERVOIR WAS 14380 AF...20
PERCENT OF CAPACITY AND 30 PERCENT OF THE JUNE 30 AVERAGE.

J/ SOUTHERN NEVADA...
JUNE 24 STORAGE ON LAKE MEAD WAS 9594 THOUSAND AF...37 PERCENT OF
CAPACITY...AND 48 PERCENT OF THE JUNE 30 AVERAGE.

ON JUNE 25 THE FLOW ON THE COLORADO RIVER NEAR GRAND CANYON ARIZONA
ABOVE LAKE MEAD WAS APPROXIMATELY 14000 CFS...49 PCT OF THE AVERAGE
OF 28800 CFS FOR THIS DATE. THE JUNE 25 FLOW ON THE VIRGIN RIVER
ABOVE LAKE MEAD NEAR OVERTON WAS 65 CFS...260 PCT OF THE AVERAGE OF
25 CFS FOR THIS DATE. THE JUNE 25 FLOW ON THE MUDDY RIVER NEAR
GLENDALE NEVADA WAS 25 CFS...78 PCT OF THE AVERAGE OF 32 CFS FOR
THIS DATE.

6/ LONG RANGE WEATHER OUTLOOK FOR NEVADA AND EASTERN CALIFORNIA...
FROM THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER...

THE OUTLOOK FOR THE MONTHS OF JULY THROUGH SEPTEMBER IS FOR ABOVE
NORMAL TEMPERATURES FOR ALL OF NEVADA AND EASTERN CALIFORNIA. THE
PRECIPITATION OUTLOOK IS FOR ABOVE NORMAL PRECIPITATION ACROSS
NORTHEAST NEVADA. EASTERN CALIFORNIA AND THE REMAINDER OF NEVADA ARE
FORECAST TO HAVE EQUAL CHANCES OF ABOVE...NEAR AND BELOW NORMAL
PRECIPITATION.

NEXT ISSUANCE DATE...
THIS DROUGHT STATEMENT WILL BE UPDATED IN MID JULY.

&&

RELATED WEB SITES...
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON CURRENT DROUGHT AND HYDROLOGIC CONDITIONS
MAY BE FOUND AT THE FOLLOWING WEB ADDRESSES /USE LOWER CASE LETTERS.

U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR.........................  DROUGHTMONITOR.UNL.EDU
NOAA DROUGHT PAGE...WHICH INCLUDES DROUGHT MONITOR......  DROUGHT.GOV
CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER.....................  WWW.CPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV

NWS ADVANCED HYDROLOGIC PREDICTION SERVICE...  WATER.WEATHER.GOV/AHPS
USGS HYDROLOGIC MONITORING.....................  WATERWATCH.USGS.GOV

NWS CALIFORNIA NEVADA RIVER FORECAST CENTER......  WWW.CNRFC.NOAA.GOV

NWS NORTHWEST RIVER FORECAST CENTER...........
WWW.NWRFC.NOAA.GOV/WS/

NWS COLORADO BASIN RIVER FORECAST CENTER........  WWW.CBRFC.NOAA.GOV/

NEVADA NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE...
WWW.NV.NRCS.USDA.GOV/SNOW/

NWS CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER LONG RANGE OUTLOOK MAPS...
WWW.CPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/PRODUCTS/FORECASTS/

NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE...
HTTP://WWW.NV.NRCS.USDA.GOV/SNOW/INDEX.HTML

CALIFORNIA DEPT. OF WATER RESOURCES............ CDEC.WATER.CA.GOV/
CALIFORNIA WATER CONDITIONS..... WWW.WATER.CA.GOV/WATERCONDITIONS/
ASSOCIATION OF CALIFORNIA WATER AGENCIES...........  WWW.ACWA.COM

NEVADA DIVISION OF WATER RESOURCES.................. WATER.NV.GOV/
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE RENO................... WEATHER.GOV/RENO
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE ELKO..................  WEATHER.GOV/ELKO
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE LAS VEGAS.........  WEATHER.GOV/LASVEGAS

TRUCKEE MEADOWS WATER AUTHORITY........................  TMWA.COM
SOUTHERN NEVADA WATER AUTHORITY........................  SNWA.COM
LAS VEGAS VALLEY WATER DISTRICT........................ LVVWD.COM

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE.........  WWW.USDA.GOV/DROUGHT U.S.
DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FARM SERVICES AGENCY... WWW.FSA.USDA.GOV

U.S. FOREST SERVICE WILDFIRE ASSESSMENT SYSTEM FIRE DANGER CLASS...
HTTP://WWW.WFAS.NET/IMAGES/FIREDANGER/FD_CLASS.PNG

NATIONAL SIGNIFICANT WILDLAND FIRE POTENTIAL OUTLOOK...
HTTP://WWW.PREDICTIVESERVICES.NIFC.GOV/OUTLOOKS/MONTHLY_
SEASONAL_OUTLOOK.PDF

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS...
THE DROUGHT MONITOR IS A SYNTHESIS OF MULTIPLE DROUGHT INDICES AND
IMPACTS THAT REPRESENTS A CONSENSUS OF SCIENTISTS IN MANY
FEDERAL...STATE AND LOCAL AGENCIES...AS WELL AS PRIVATE FIRMS.  THE
DROUGHT MONITOR IS USED NATIONWIDE BY THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF
AGRICULTURE TO DETERMINE DROUGHT SEVERITY...TO DECLARE DROUGHT AND
IS THE MECHANISM USED TO PROVIDE AID TO THE AGRICULTURAL COMMUNITY.

INFORMATION FOR THIS STATEMENT HAS BEEN GATHERED FROM NWS AND U.S.
GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OBSERVATION SITES...US BLM...CALIFORNIA AND NEVADA
DIVISIONS OF WATER RESOURCES AND STATE CLIMATOLOGISTS...NEVADA
DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE...PERSHING COUNTY WATER CONSERVATION
DISTRICT...WALKER RIVER IRRIGATION DISTRICT...WALKER RIVER PAIUTE
TRIBE...FEDERAL WATER MASTERS...TRUCKEE/CARSON IRRIGATION
DISTRICT...AND NWS OFFICES IN RENO...ELKO AND LAS VEGAS.

QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS...
IF YOU HAVE ANY QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS ABOUT THIS DROUGHT INFORMATION
STATEMENT PLEASE CONTACT...

NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE
2350 RAGGIO PKWY
RENO NV 89512
PHONE...775-673-8100
WEATHER.GOV/RENO
REV.WEBMASTER@NOAA.GOV


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