Climatological Report (Annual)
Issued by NWS Portland, ME

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CLIMATE REPORT
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE GRAY ME
930 PM EST WED JAN 4 2017

...................................

...THE GRAY ME CLIMATE SUMMARY FOR THE YEAR OF 2016...

CLIMATE NORMAL PERIOD 1981 TO 2010
CLIMATE RECORD PERIOD 1995 TO 2017

WEATHER         OBSERVED          NORMAL  DEPART  LAST YEAR`S
                 VALUE   DATE(S)  VALUE   FROM    VALUE
                                          NORMAL
.............................................................
TEMPERATURE (F)
RECORD
 HIGH              99   07/22/2011
 LOW              -15   01/15/2004
HIGHEST            96   08/12        93       3       89
LOWEST            -12   02/14        -7      -5      -13
                        02/13
AVG. MAXIMUM     57.0              55.4     1.6     54.9
AVG. MINIMUM     38.8              37.3     1.5     36.8
MEAN             47.9              46.4     1.5     45.8
DAYS MAX >= 90      8               5.3     2.7        0
DAYS MAX <= 32     46              50.9    -4.9       62
DAYS MIN <= 32    141             143.2    -2.2      139
DAYS MIN <= 0       8               7.1     0.9       17

PRECIPITATION (INCHES)
RECORD
 MAXIMUM        71.90   2005
TOTALS          47.19             50.22   -3.03    43.88
DAILY AVG.       0.13              0.14   -0.01     0.12
DAYS >= .01       139             138.6     0.4      140
DAYS >= .10        76              85.3    -9.3       73
DAYS >= .50        29              33.4    -4.4       28
DAYS >= 1.00       13              14.1    -1.1       11
GREATEST
 24 HR. TOTAL    4.02   10/21 TO 10/22              6.32

SNOWFALL (INCHES)
RECORDS
 TOTAL          125.2   2008
TOTALS           83.2              83.8    -0.6     91.2
SINCE 7/1        36.8              21.4    15.4      5.4
SNOWDEPTH AVG.      1
DAYS >= TRACE      61              33.7               64
DAYS >= 1.0        21              19.3     1.7       22
GREATEST
 SNOW DEPTH        21   12/30                         30
 24 HR TOTAL     16.6   12/29 TO 12/30              23.9

DEGREE_DAYS
HEATING TOTAL    6752              7191    -439     7287
 SINCE 7/1       2500              2666    -166     2200
COOLING TOTAL     607               390     217      468

FREEZE DATES
RECORD
 EARLIEST     09/29/2000
 LATEST       05/11/2010
EARLIEST                        10/14
LATEST                          04/24
..............................................................



-  INDICATES NEGATIVE NUMBERS.
R  INDICATES RECORD WAS SET OR TIED.
MM INDICATES DATA IS MISSING.
T  INDICATES TRACE AMOUNT.

&&

THE YEAR 2016 SAW FREQUENT PERIODS OF WARMTH AND OCCASIONAL
OUTBREAKS OF EXTREME COLD IN MID FEBRUARY, APRIL, AND MID DECEMBER.
IT ALL BEGAN WITH A STRETCH OF RELATIVELY WARM WEATHER. THIS WARMTH
REACHED ITS PEAK ON JANUARY 10 WHEN THE TEMPERATURE REACHED 51
DEGREES AND MORE THAN 2.5 INCHES OF RAIN FELL. COOLER AIR MOVED IN
SHORTLY AFTER WITH MORE THAN 8 INCHES OF SNOW ON JANUARY 12. FOR 13
STRAIGHT DAYS THE TEMPERATURE DID NOT RISE ABOVE FREEZING. WARMER
WEATHER BEGAN TO BUILD AGAIN AT THE END OF JANUARY AND INTO THE
BEGINNING OF FEBRUARY. THIS WARM WEATHER CAME TO AN END ON FEBRUARY 5
WHEN ANOTHER 6 INCHES OF SNOW FELL AND COOLER TEMPERATURES FOLLOWED.
BY MID FEBRUARY A BRUTALLY COLD ARCTIC AIR MASS MOVED INTO THE AREA
AROUND VALENTINES DAY. THE TEMPERATURE FELL TO 12 BELOW ZERO ON
FEBRUARY 13 AND 14, THE COLDEST FEBRUARY TEMPERATURE IN THE SHORT 21-
YEAR HISTORY OF OBSERVATIONS AT THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE OFFICE
IN GRAY. BUT THIS BRUTAL COLD WAS SHORT LIVED AS WARM AIR SOON BUILT
BACK INTO THE REGION. ON FEBRUARY 29 THE TEMPERATURE ROSE TO 56
DEGREES, THE WARMEST TEMPERATURE ON RECORD FOR THE MONTH OF
FEBRUARY. THE WARM WEATHER MELTED ALL OF THE WINTER SNOW PACK AND
THERE WAS NO SNOW LEFT ON THE GROUND ON THE MORNING OF MARCH 1 FOR
THE FIRST TIME SINCE RECORDS BEGAN.

EXTREME FEBRUARY TEMPERATURES (SINCE 1996)...
    COLD LOWS              COLD HIGHS           WARM HIGHS
RANK  TEMP  DATE         | TEMP  DATE           TEMP  DATE
1     -12   2/14/16 <=== |  7    2/14/16 <=== |  56   2/29/16 <===
2     -12   2/13/16 <=== |  7    2/15/03      |  56   2/18/11
3     -11   2/15/03      |  7    2/13/03      |  56   2/24/00
4     -11   2/14/03      |  8    2/2/15       |  55   2/1/16 <===
5     -10   2/24/15      |  10   2/9/15*      |  53   2/25/16* <===

*ALSO OCCURRED ON EARLIER DATES

THIS WARM WEATHER CONTINUED THROUGH MUCH OF MARCH BEFORE A SNOWSTORM
ON THE SPRING EQUINOX, MARCH 21, BROUGHT MORE THAN 6 INCHES OF SNOW
AND SIGNALED A SHIFT TOWARD COOLER WEATHER AGAIN. ALTHOUGH WARM AIR
BUILT BACK IN BRIEFLY AT THE END OF MARCH AND BEGINNING OF APRIL,
VERY COLD AIR SPILLED BACK INTO THE REGION AT THE BEGINNING OF
APRIL. APRIL 4 WAS THE COLDEST APRIL DAY ON RECORD AS THE HIGH ONLY
REACHED 23 DEGREES. THE LOW THAT DAY WAS 15, ALSO THE COLDEST APRIL
TEMPERATURE ON RECORD. ALTHOUGH TEMPERATURES MODERATED TOWARD THE
MIDDLE OF APRIL, THE COLD MOVED IN AGAIN AT THE END OF APRIL. THE
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE IN GRAY RECORDED ITS SECOND LATEST SNOWFALL
ON RECORD WHEN MORE THAN 4 INCHES OF SNOW FELL ON APRIL 26. THE LAST
FREEZE OF THE SEASON WAS ON APRIL 30, A FEW DAYS LATER THAN NORMAL.

EXTREME APRIL TEMPERATURES (SINCE 1996)...
    COLD LOWS              COLD HIGHS
RANK  TEMP  DATE         | TEMP  DATE
1      15   4/4/16 <===  |  23   4/4/16 <===
2      17   4/5/16 <===  |  25   4/5/03
3      18   4/6/16 <===  |  29   4/9/97
4      18   4/1/03       |  31   4/4/03
5      19   4/3/16* <=== |  32   4/10/96

*ALSO OCCURRED ON EARLIER DATES

LATEST SNOWSTORMS (SINCE 1996)...
RANK  SNOW  DATE
1      0.8  APR 29, 2002
2      4.2  APR 26, 2016 <===
3      3.6  APR 25-26, 2002
4      0.2  APR 22, 2002
5      2.5  APR 21-22, 2000

WARMER WEATHER EVENTUALLY BEGAN TO ARRIVE IN THE MIDDLE OF MAY, WITH
THIS WARMTH PEAKING WITH A HIGH OF 92 DEGREES ON MAY 28, THE WARMEST
TEMPERATURE ON RECORD FOR THE MONTH OF MAY. THIS WAS ALSO THE FIRST
90 DEGREE TEMPERATURE OBSERVED IN MORE THAN 2 YEARS.

DAYS IN SPRING THAT REACH 90 DEGREES (SINCE 1996)...
RANK  TEMP  DATE
1      92   MAY 28, 2016 <===
       92   MAY 31, 2013
3      91   MAY 26, 2010
       91   APR 28, 2009
       91   MAY 25, 2007
       91   MAY 3, 2001
7      90   MAY 25, 2010
       90   MAY 21, 2009
       90   MAY 2, 2001
       90   MAY 29, 1998

AFTER A PERIOD OF COOL AND WET WEATHER AT THE BEGINNING OF JUNE,
INCLUDING MORE THAN 1.5 INCHES ON JUNE 5, WARMER WEATHER BEGAN TO
BUILD AGAIN THROUGH INDEPENDENCE DAY. A PROLONGED PERIOD OF ONSHORE
WINDS BROUGHT COOL, DAMP WEATHER FOR SEVERAL DAYS IN JULY. FOR 4
STRAIGHT DAYS THE TEMPERATURE DID NOT GET OUT OF THE 60S AND ON JULY
9 IT DID NOT GET OUT OF THE 50S. ONCE THE WINDS SHIFTED ON JULY 11
THE WARM WEATHER BUILT IN AGAIN WITH WARM TO OCCASIONALLY HOT
WEATHER LASTING THROUGH THE MIDDLE OF AUGUST. THE HEAT PEAKED ON
AUGUST 12 WHEN THE TEMPERATURE SOARED TO 96 DEGREES, THE HOTTEST
AUGUST TEMPERATURE ON RECORD AND THE THIRD HOTTEST TEMPERATURE ON
RECORD FOR ANY MONTH. ALTHOUGH THE EXTREME HEAT DID NOT RETURN, WARM
DRY WEATHER PERSISTED WELL INTO SEPTEMBER WITH DROUGHT DEVELOPING.

HOTTEST TEMPERATURES (SINCE 1996)...
RANK  TEMP  DATE
1      99   JUL 22, 2011
2      97   JUL 17, 1999
3      96   AUG 12, 2016 <===
       96   SEP 9, 2002
       96   JUL 3, 2002
       96   AUG 9, 2001
       96   AUG 8, 2001
       96   AUG 7, 2001
9      95   AUG 11, 2016* <===

* ALSO OCCURRED ON EARLIER DATES

JUST IN TIME FOR THE AUTUMN EQUINOX, A MORE FALL-LIKE WEATHER
PATTERN ARRIVED WITH PERIOD OF WARMTH FOLLOWED BY COLD FRONTS AND
COOLER WEATHER. PREDOMINANTLY DRY CONDITIONS CONTINUED THROUGH MID
OCTOBER. ON OCTOBER 21, TROPICAL MOISTURE SURGED NORTHWARD AHEAD OF
A COLD FRONT LEADING TO MORE THAN 4 INCHES OF RAINFALL ON THE NIGHT
OF THE 21ST INTO THE 22ND. A NOR`EASTER A WEEK LATER BROUGHT MORE
THAN 1.5 INCHES OF RAIN AND HELPED TO PUT A SOLID DENT IN THE
DROUGHT WHICH HAD DEVELOPED. WARMER WEATHER BEGAN TO DOMINATE AGAIN
BY THE MIDDLE OF NOVEMBER. THE FIRST MEASURABLE SNOW OF THE SEASON
CAME ON NOVEMBER 20, SIGNALING THE ARRIVAL OF COOLER AIR. THE COLD
INTENSIFIED IN DECEMBER WITH MORE SNOWFALL. NEARLY 6 INCHES OF SNOW
FELL ON DECEMBER 12, AND A BRUTALLY COLD ARCTIC AIR MASS MOVED IN A
FEW DAYS LATER. DECEMBER 16 WAS THE COLDEST DECEMBER DAY ON RECORD
AS THE TEMPERATURE ONLY REACHED A HIGH OF 4 DEGREES ABOVE ZERO. THE
LOW TEMPERATURE OF 6 BELOW ZERO TIED THE RECORD FOR THE COLDEST
DECEMBER TEMPERATURE ON RECORD. THE BRUTAL COLD FINALLY MOVED AWAY
ON DECEMBER 21. ALTHOUGH WARMER THAN NORMAL WEATHER PERSISTED
THROUGH THE END OF THE YEAR, IT WAS NOT ENOUGH TO PREVENT THE FIRST
WHITE CHRISTMAS IN 3 YEARS. AN INTENSIFYING LOW PRESSURE SYSTEM
BROUGHT HEAVY SNOW ON DECEMBER 29 AND 30. MORE THAN 16 INCHES OF
SNOW FELL, WITH MOST OF THAT OCCURRING IN JUST A FEW HOURS. BY THE
MORNING OF DECEMBER 30, 21 INCHES OF SNOW WAS ON THE GROUND. ONLY
DECEMBER 1995 HAS SEEN MORE SNOW ON THE GROUND IN DECEMBER.

EXTREME COLD DECEMBER TEMPERATURES (SINCE 1995)...
    COLD LOWS                COLD HIGHS
RANK  TEMP  DATE           | TEMP  DATE
1      -6   12/16/16 <===  |   4   12/16/16 <===
2      -6   12/31/98       |   7   12/31/13
3      -5   12/17/13       |   8   12/31/98
4      -5   12/21/04       |  11   12/17/13
5      -4   12/31/13       |  11   12/14/13
6      -3   12/20/16 <===  |  11   12/20/08

THE AVERAGE TEMPERATURE FOR THE YEAR WAS 47.9 DEGREES WHICH WAS 1.5
DEGREES ABOVE NORMAL. THE WARMEST YEAR WAS IN 2010 WHEN THE AVERAGE
TEMPERATURE WAS 48.9 DEGREES. THE COLDEST WAS 45.2 DEGREES IN 2003.
THE FOLLOWING TABLE LISTS THE AVERAGE TEMPERATURES FOR EACH MONTH OF
2016 INCLUDING DEPARTURES FROM NORMAL.

AVERAGE TEMPERATURE BY MONTH IN 2016
MONTH      MAXIMUM       MINIMUM       AVERAGE
JANUARY    32.5 (+3.1)   17.9 (+5.3)   25.2 (+4.2)
FEBRUARY   37.1 (+3.6)   16.9 (+1.0)   27.0 (+2.3)
MARCH      45.0 (+3.1)   27.0 (+3.0)   36.0 (+3.1)
APRIL      52.8 (-0.8)   32.0 (-2.9)   42.4 (-1.9)
MAY        65.8 (+0.7)   45.8 (+1.1)   55.8 (+0.9)
JUNE       74.2 (+0.2)   54.0 (-0.1)   64.1 (0.0)
JULY       81.1 (+2.0)   61.9 (+2.2)   71.5 (+2.1)
AUGUST     82.2 (+3.7)   61.9 (+3.2)   72.1 (+3.5)
SEPTEMBER  73.8 (+3.8)   54.8 (+4.1)   64.3 (+3.9)
OCTOBER    59.4 (+1.4)   42.4 (+2.3)   50.9 (+1.8)
NOVEMBER   47.7 (+1.8)   32.6 (+1.6)   40.2 (+1.7)
DECEMBER   32.7 (-2.1)   18.1 (-1.7)   25.4 (-1.9)
ANNUAL     57.0 (+1.6)   38.8 (+1.5)   47.9 (+1.5)

THERE WERE 59 DAYS IN 2016 WHICH REACHED 80 DEGREES, THE MOST ON
RECORD. THERE WERE 123 DAYS THAT TOPPED 70 DEGREES, THE SECOND MOST
ON RECORD. THE FOLLOWING TABLE LISTS THE YEARS WITH THE MOST OF
THESE DAYS.

MOST NUMBER OF 70- AND 80- DEGREE DAYS (SINCE 1996)...
   DAYS >= 70          |  DAYS >= 80
RANK  DAYS  YEAR       |  DAYS  YEAR
1     125   2001       |   59   2016 <===
2     123   2016 <===  |   58   2002
3     118   2010       |   57   2010
4     117   1998       |   57   2005
5     114   2012       |   55   1999

A TOTAL OF 47.19 INCHES OF PRECIPITATION FELL IN 2016 WHICH WAS 3.03
INCHES BELOW NORMAL. THE HEAVIEST RAIN FELL ON OCTOBER 21 AND 22
WHEN 4.87 INCHES WAS MEASURED. THE WETTEST YEAR ON RECORD WAS 2005
WHEN 71.90 INCHES FELL. THE DRIEST WAS 2001 WITH ONLY 34.77 INCHES.
THE FOLLOWING TABLE LISTS THE PRECIPITATION AND SNOWFALL AMOUNTS FOR
EACH MONTH OF 2015 INCLUDING DEPARTURES FROM NORMAL.

MONTHLY PRECIPITATION AND SNOWFALL TOTALS FOR 2016
MONTH     PRECIPITATION    SNOWFALL
JANUARY    3.73  (+0.20)   15.9  (-5.3)
FEBRUARY   4.53  (+1.22)   16.0  (-0.5)
MARCH      4.54  (+0.37)   9.3  (-10.6)
APRIL      2.81  (-1.57)   5.2   (+0.4)
MAY        2.02  (-1.88)   0.0
JUNE       3.76  (-0.54)   0.0
JULY       4.47  (+0.17)   0.0
AUGUST     3.31  (-0.28)   0.0
SEPTEMBER  1.06  (-3.13)   0.0
OCTOBER    7.82  (+2.68)   T     (-0.1)
NOVEMBER   4.32  (-1.03)   1.3   (-1.7)
DECEMBER   4.82  (+0.76)   35.5 (+17.2)
ANNUAL     47.19 (-3.03)   83.2  (-0.6)

THERE WERE 13 DAYS IN 2016 WITH MORE THAN 1.00 INCH OF
PRECIPITATION. THE FOLLOWING TABLE LISTS THESE DATES.

DAYS WITH AT LEAST 1.00 INCH OF PRECIPITATION...
DAY           PRECIPITATION
JANUARY 10    2.57
FEBRUARY 16   1.07
MARCH 28      1.02
JUNE 5        1.79
JULY 1        1.42
AUGUST 12     1.08
AUGUST 22     1.00
OCTOBER 21    3.73
OCTOBER 22    1.14
OCTOBER 28    1.42
NOVEMBER 29   1.24
DECEMBER 1    1.12
DECEMBER 29   1.24

SNOWFALL STATISTICS ARE NORMALLY LISTED BY SEASON RATHER THAN BY
CALENDAR YEAR. HOWEVER, 2016 SAW 83.2 INCHES OF SNOW WHICH WAS 0.6
INCHES BELOW NORMAL. THE HEAVIEST SNOWSTORM WAS ON DECEMBER 29 AND
30 WHEN 16.6 INCHES FELL IN JUST A FEW HOURS. THE FOLLOWING TABLE
LISTS THE DAYS WHICH RECEIVED 6 INCHES OR MORE OF SNOWFALL IN 2016.

DAYS WITH AT LEAST 6 INCHES OF SNOWFALL IN 2016...
DAY           SNOWFALL
JANUARY 12    8.5
FEBRUARY 5    6.6
MARCH 21      6.8
DECEMBER 29   10.1
DECEMBER 30   6.5

SNOW DEPTH REACHED ITS PEAK ON THE MORNING OF DECEMBER 30 WHEN 21
INCHES OF SNOW WAS ON THE GROUND. THE PREVIOUS WINTER`S SNOW PACK
MELTED DOWN TO NOTHING BY MARCH 1 FOR THE FIRST TIME ON RECORD,
ALTHOUGH THERE WERE ADDITIONAL SNOWFALLS INTO LATE APRIL. THERE WERE
85 DAYS WITH AT LEAST 1 INCH OF SNOW ON THE GROUND WHICH WAS ABOUT 7
DAYS FEWER THAN NORMAL AND THE FEWEST SINCE 2012 (69 DAYS). THERE
WERE 45 DAYS WITH AT LEAST 6 INCHES OF SNOW DEPTH WHICH WAS ABOUT 12
DAYS FEWER THAN NORMAL AND THE FEWEST SINCE 2012 (20 DAYS). ONLY 2
DAYS HAD AT LEAST 12 INCHES OF SNOW DEPTH WHICH WAS 31 DAYS FEWER
THAN NORMAL AND THE FEWEST SINCE 2012 (0 DAYS).

$$

KIMBLE



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