Climatological Report (Annual)
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000
CXUS55 KBYZ 011537
CLALVM

CLIMATE REPORT
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE BILLINGS MT
822 AM MST SUN JAN 1 2017

...................................

...THE LIVINGSTON MT CLIMATE SUMMARY FOR THE YEAR OF 2016...

CLIMATE NORMAL PERIOD 1981 TO 2010
CLIMATE RECORD PERIOD 1948 TO 2016

WEATHER         OBSERVED          NORMAL  DEPART
                 VALUE   DATE(S)  VALUE   FROM
                                          NORMAL
................................................
TEMPERATURE (F)
RECORD
 HIGH             105   08/05/1961
 LOW              -41   12/24/1983
HIGHEST           100   07/22
LOWEST            -27   12/17
AVG. MAXIMUM     60.9              58.1     2.8
AVG. MINIMUM     34.8              31.5     3.3
MEAN             47.9              44.8     3.1
DAYS MAX >= 90     31                      12.6
DAYS MAX <= 32     30                      -5.1
DAYS MIN <= 32    128                     -44.8
DAYS MIN <= 0       6                      -9.0

PRECIPITATION (INCHES)
RECORD
 MAXIMUM        15.46   2014
 MINIMUM         8.62   2012
TOTALS          13.92             14.81   -0.89
DAYS >= .01       107                       3.7
DAYS >= .10        46                       4.0
DAYS >= .50         4                      -2.2
DAYS >= 1.00        0                      -1.1

DEGREE_DAYS
HEATING TOTAL    6517              7603   -1086
COOLING TOTAL     330               229     101

FREEZE DATES
RECORD
 EARLIEST     08/17/2002
 LATEST       06/29/1968
EARLIEST                        09/13
LATEST                          05/28
.................................................

WIND (MPH)
AVERAGE WIND SPEED              14.3
HIGHEST WIND SPEED/DIRECTION    62/220    DATE  12/27
HIGHEST GUST SPEED/DIRECTION    83/210    DATE  12/19


WEATHER CONDITIONS. NUMBER OF DAYS WITH
THUNDERSTORM              0     MIXED PRECIP               0
HEAVY RAIN                8     RAIN                      38
LIGHT RAIN              103     FREEZING RAIN              0
LT FREEZING RAIN          0     HAIL                       0
HEAVY SNOW                8     SNOW                      23
LIGHT SNOW               67     SLEET                      0
FOG                      86     FOG W/VIS <= 1/4 MILE     11
HAZE                     28

-  INDICATES NEGATIVE NUMBERS.
R  INDICATES RECORD WAS SET OR TIED.
MM INDICATES DATA IS MISSING.
T  INDICATES TRACE AMOUNT.

&&

...2016 YEAR IN REVIEW FOR LIVINGSTON...

BELOW IS A SUMMARY OF THE TEMPERATURE AND PRECIPITATION
STATISTICS FOR LIVINGSTON FOR 2016. ALL TEMPERATURES ARE IN DEGREES
FAHRENHEIT AND ALL PRECIPITATION AMOUNTS ARE IN INCHES. NORMALS
ARE 30 YEAR AVERAGES CALCULATED FROM 1981 TO 2010. MONTHLY AND ANNUAL
RANKINGS FOR PRECIPITATION...SNOWFALL...AND TEMPERATURES USE A PERIOD
OF RECORD THAT STARTED IN JULY 1948 AT OR NEAR THE LIVINGSTON AIRPORT.

NUMBERS DENOTED WITH AN * IS MISSING DATA IN THE CALCULATION.

... MONTHLY PRECIPITATION...

 MONTH   2016 VALUES  NORMALS    DEPARTURE  RANKING

JANUARY      0.15     0.49       -0.34      TIED FOR THE 15TH DRIEST OUT OF 68 YEARS
                                            (RECORD DRIEST WAS 0.01 TIED IN 2009)
                                            (DRIEST SINCE 0.11 IN 2013)

FEBRUARY     0.17     0.50       -0.33      TIED FOR THE 11TH DRIEST OUT OF 68 YEARS
                                            (RECORD DRIEST WAS T IN 1977)
                                            (DRIEST SINCE 0.02 IN 1992)

MARCH        1.10     0.84       +0.26      TIED FOR THE 17TH WETTEST OUT OF 68 YEARS
                                            (RECORD WETTEST WAS 2.21 IN 1967)
                                            (WETTEST SINCE 1.98 IN 2014)

APRIL        1.24     1.77       -0.53      TIED FOR THE 25TH DRIEST OUT OF 68 YEARS
                                            (RECORD DRIEST WAS 0.23 IN 1980)
                                            (DRIEST SINCE 1.23 IN 2015)

MAY          2.41     2.66       -0.25      TIED FOR THE 32ND DRIEST OUT OF 68 YEARS
                                            (RECORD DRIEST WAS 0.30 IN 1958)
                                            (DRIEST SINCE 1.78 IN 2014)

JUNE         0.73     2.39       -1.66      4TH DRIEST OUT OF 68 YEARS
                                            (RECORD DRIEST WAS 0.54 IN 1974)
                                            (DRIEST SINCE 0.71 IN 1991)

JULY         1.39     1.47       -0.08      26TH WETTEST OUT OF 69 YEARS
                                            (RECORD WETTEST WAS 4.39 IN 1993)
                                            (WETTEST SINCE 2.30 IN 2009)

AUGUST       1.16     1.11       +0.05      33RD WETTEST OUT OF 69 YEARS
                                            (RECORD WETTEST WAS 3.90 IN 1979)
                                            (WETTEST SINCE 1.25 IN 2015)

SEPTEMBER    1.64     1.21       +0.43      28TH WETTEST OUT OF 69 YEARS
                                            (RECORD WETTEST WAS 3.67 IN 1949)
                                            (WETTEST SINCE 1.73 IN 2014)

OCTOBER      3.32     1.26       +2.06      TIED FOR THE 2ND WETTEST OUT OF 69 YEARS
                                            (RECORD WETTEST WAS 3.47 IN 1975)
                                            (WETTEST SINCE 3.32 IN 2006)

NOVEMBER     0.25     0.59       -0.34      TIED FOR THE 12TH DRIEST OUT OF 69 YEARS
                                            (RECORD DRIEST WAS 0.06 IN 1954)
                                            (DRIEST SINCE 0.09 IN 2004)

DECEMBER     0.36     0.52       -0.16      TIED FOR THE 28TH DRIEST OUT OF 69 YEARS
                                            (RECORD DRIEST WAS T IN 2009)
                                            (DRIEST SINCE T IN 2009)

YEAR        13.92    14.81       -0.89      28TH DRIEST OUT OF 69 YEARS
                                            (RECORD DRIEST WAS 5.39 IN 1948)
                                            (DRIEST SINCE 12.08 IN 2013)

... 2016 TOP 3 DAILY MAXIMUM PRECIPITATION...

1 - 0.87   JULY 10
2 - 0.70   MAY  9
3 - 0.62   OCTOBER 30

ALL TIME DAILY PRECIPITATION RECORD...2.90 ON JUNE 16 1992

... 2016 BROKEN OR TIED DAILY PRECIPITATION RECORDS...

0.31 ON MARCH 22 (TIED RECORD IN 1975)
0.70 ON MAY  9 (OLD RECORD 0.67 IN 1963)
0.34 ON OCTOBER 10 (OLD RECORD 0.32 IN 2003)

NOTE: SINCE THE LATE 1990S...LIVINGSTON BECAME AN AUTOMATED AND UNATTENDED
WEATHER STATION. PRECIPITATION AMOUNTS IN THE WINTER MAY BE UNDERESTIMATED.

... AVERAGE TEMPERATURES...

 MONTH   2016 VALUES  NORMALS   DEPARTURE  RANKING

JANUARY      30.2      27.0      +3.2      22ND WARMEST OUT OF 68 YEARS
                                           (RECORD WARMEST WAS 37.5 IN 1986)
                                           (WARMEST SINCE 32.6 IN 2015)

FEBRUARY     39.8      29.1     +10.7      2ND WARMEST OUT OF 68 YEARS
                                           (RECORD WARMEST WAS 40.9 IN 1991)
                                           (WARMEST SINCE 40.9 IN 1991)

MARCH        39.8      35.6      +4.2      TIED FOR THE 15TH WARMEST OUT OF 68 YEARS
                                           (RECORD WARMEST WAS 45.2 IN 2015)
                                           (WARMEST SINCE 45.2 IN 2015)

APRIL        47.4      42.1      +5.3      7TH WARMEST OUT OF 68 YEARS
                                           (RECORD WARMEST WAS 51.7 IN 1987)
                                           (WARMEST SINCE 47.8 IN 2000)

MAY          51.3      50.6      +0.7      TIED FOR THE 33RD COLDEST OUT OF 68 YEARS
                                           (RECORD COLDEST WAS 46.3 IN 1959)
                                           (COLDEST SINCE 50.4 IN 2015)

JUNE         64.4      58.7      +5.7      4TH WARMEST OUT OF 68 YEARS
                                           (RECORD WARMEST WAS 68.4 IN 1988)
                                           (WARMEST SINCE 66.3 IN 2015)

JULY         68.6      66.9      +1.7      TIED FOR THE 25TH WARMEST OUT OF 69 YEARS
                                           (RECORD WARMEST WAS 74.0 IN 2007)
                                           (WARMEST SINCE 70.0 IN 2014)

AUGUST       65.9      65.6      +0.3      28TH COLDEST OUT OF 69 YEARS
                                           (RECORD COLDEST WAS 60.2 IN 1993)
                                           (COLDEST SINCE 65.1 IN 2010)

SEPTEMBER    56.6      55.8      +0.8      TIED FOR THE 32ND COLDEST OUT OF 69 YEARS
                                           (RECORD COLDEST WAS 44.1 IN 1965)
                                           (COLDEST SINCE 56.6 IN 2010)

OCTOBER      48.7      45.1      +3.6      23RD WARMEST OUT OF 69 YEARS
                                           (RECORD WARMEST WAS 52.6 IN 1988)
                                           (WARMEST SINCE 50.6 IN 2015)

NOVEMBER     43.2      34.0      +9.2      4TH WARMEST OUT OF 69 YEARS
                                           (RECORD WARMEST WAS 49.0 IN 1999)
                                           (WARMEST SINCE 49.0 IN 1999)

DECEMBER     18.8      26.1      -7.3      4TH COLDEST OUT OF 69 YEARS
                                           (RECORD COLDEST WAS 12.2 IN 1983)
                                           (COLDEST SINCE 18.4 IN 2009)

YEAR         47.9      44.8      +3.1      8TH WARMEST OUT OF 69 YEARS
                                           (RECORD WARMEST WAS 49.6 IN 1999)
                                           (WARMEST SINCE 48.4 IN 2015)

... AVERAGE HIGH TEMPERATURES...

 MONTH   2016 VALUES  NORMALS   DEPARTURE  RANKING

JANUARY      38.2      36.9      +1.3      23RD WARMEST OUT OF 68 YEARS
                                           (RECORD WARMEST WAS 48.2 IN 1981)
                                           (WARMEST SINCE 43.7 IN 2015)

FEBRUARY     50.5      39.8     +10.7      2ND WARMEST OUT OF 68 YEARS
                                           (RECORD WARMEST WAS 51.2 IN 1991)
                                           (WARMEST SINCE 51.2 IN 1991)

MARCH        51.5      47.5      +4.0      14TH WARMEST OUT OF 68 YEARS
                                           (RECORD WARMEST WAS 58.2 IN 2015)
                                           (WARMEST SINCE 58.2 IN 2015)

APRIL        60.2      55.0      +5.2      10TH WARMEST OUT OF 68 YEARS
                                           (RECORD WARMEST WAS 69.0 IN 1987)
                                           (WARMEST SINCE 63.3 IN 2000)

MAY          63.9      64.6      -0.7      TIED FOR THE 33RD COLDEST OUT OF 68 YEARS
                                           (RECORD COLDEST WAS 57.7 IN 1975)
                                           (COLDEST SINCE 61.0 IN 2015)

JUNE         83.1      73.4      +9.7      3RD WARMEST OUT OF 68 YEARS
                                           (RECORD WARMEST WAS 85.6 IN 1988)
                                           (WARMEST SINCE 85.6 IN 1988)

JULY         87.3      84.6      +2.7      TIED FOR THE 22ND WARMEST OUT OF 69 YEARS
                                           (RECORD WARMEST WAS 93.2 IN 2007)
                                           (WARMEST SINCE 88.5 IN 2014)

AUGUST       84.9      84.0      +0.9      26TH WARMEST OUT OF 69 YEARS
                                           (RECORD WARMEST WAS 91.0 IN 2000)
                                           (WARMEST SINCE 85.1 IN 2015)

SEPTEMBER    69.5      72.1      -2.6      17TH COLDEST OUT OF 69 YEARS
                                           (RECORD COLDEST WAS 53.8 IN 1965)
                                           (COLDEST SINCE 61.0 IN 1986)

OCTOBER      59.6      58.5      +1.1      TIED FOR THE 32ND WARMEST OUT OF 69 YEARS
                                           (RECORD WARMEST WAS 68.0 IN 1999)
                                           (WARMEST SINCE 63.9 IN 2015)

NOVEMBER     54.8      44.0     +10.8      3RD WARMEST OUT OF 69 YEARS
                                           (RECORD WARMEST WAS 60.5 IN 1999)
                                           (WARMEST SINCE 60.5 IN 1999)

DECEMBER     27.2      35.5      -8.3      3RD COLDEST OUT OF 69 YEARS
                                           (RECORD COLDEST WAS 21.4 IN 1983)
                                           (COLDEST SINCE 21.4 IN 1983)

YEAR         60.9      58.1      +2.8      TIED FOR THE 8TH WARMEST OUT OF 69 YEARS
                                           (RECORD WARMEST WAS 63.2 IN 1999)
                                           (WARMEST SINCE 61.4 IN 2015)

... 2016 TOP 3 WARMEST DAILY HIGH TEMPERATURES...

1 - 100   JULY 22
2 - 98   AUGUST  2
3 - 97   JULY 31

ALL TIME RECORD WARMEST DAILY HIGH TEMPERATURE...105 ON AUGUST  5 1961

... 2016 BROKEN OR TIED WARMEST DAILY HIGH TEMPERATURE RECORDS...

62 ON FEBRUARY 10 (OLD RECORD 60 IN 1951)
61 ON FEBRUARY 12 (OLD RECORD 60 IN 1996)
59 ON FEBRUARY 18 (OLD RECORD 57 IN 2015)
74 ON APRIL 12 (TIED RECORD IN 2003)
92 ON JUNE 10 (OLD RECORD 89 IN 1949)
92 ON JUNE 18 (TIED RECORD IN 1986)
96 ON JUNE 23 (OLD RECORD 95 IN 1988)
100 ON JULY 22 (OLD RECORD 99 IN 1960)
97 ON JULY 25 (OLD RECORD 96 IN 2010)
98 ON AUGUST  2 (TIED RECORD IN 1966)
95 ON AUGUST 17 (TIED RECORD IN 1996)
72 ON NOVEMBER  9 (OLD RECORD 69 IN 2007)

... 2016 TOP 3 COLDEST DAILY HIGH TEMPERATURES...

1 - 5   DECEMBER  8
2 - 7   DECEMBER 16
3 - 8   DECEMBER 14

ALL TIME RECORD COLDEST DAILY HIGH TEMPERATURE...-26 ON FEBRUARY  3 1989

... 2016 BROKEN OR TIED COLDEST DAILY HIGH TEMPERATURE RECORDS...

54 ON SEPTEMBER  4 (OLD RECORD 55 IN 1949)
53 ON SEPTEMBER  5 (TIED RECORD IN 1949)

... AVERAGE LOW TEMPERATURES...

 MONTH   2016 VALUES  NORMALS   DEPARTURE  RANKING

JANUARY      22.2      17.2      +5.0      15TH WARMEST OUT OF 68 YEARS
                                           (RECORD WARMEST WAS 28.8 IN 1986)
                                           (WARMEST SINCE 23.9 IN 2014)

FEBRUARY     29.1      18.3     +10.8      4TH WARMEST OUT OF 68 YEARS
                                           (RECORD WARMEST WAS 30.6 IN 1991)
                                           (WARMEST SINCE 30.6 IN 1991)

MARCH        28.0      23.7      +4.3      13TH WARMEST OUT OF 68 YEARS
                                           (RECORD WARMEST WAS 32.7 IN 1986)
                                           (WARMEST SINCE 32.1 IN 2015)

APRIL        34.5      29.1      +5.4      TIED FOR THE 5TH WARMEST OUT OF 68 YEARS
                                           (RECORD WARMEST WAS 34.9 TIED IN 1981)
                                           (WARMEST SINCE 34.7 IN 1985)

MAY          38.6      36.6      +2.0      33RD WARMEST OUT OF 68 YEARS
                                           (RECORD WARMEST WAS 45.1 IN 1958)
                                           (WARMEST SINCE 39.8 IN 2015)

JUNE         45.6      44.0      +1.6      TIED FOR THE 33RD COLDEST OUT OF 68 YEARS
                                           (RECORD COLDEST WAS 40.9 IN 1951)
                                           (COLDEST SINCE 45.2 IN 2014)

JULY         49.9      49.2      +0.7      TIED FOR THE 20TH COLDEST OUT OF 69 YEARS
                                           (RECORD COLDEST WAS 46.2 IN 1993)
                                           (COLDEST SINCE 48.4 IN 2011)

AUGUST       46.9      47.2      -0.3      10TH COLDEST OUT OF 69 YEARS
                                           (RECORD COLDEST WAS 43.4 IN 2002)
                                           (COLDEST SINCE 46.2 IN 2006)

SEPTEMBER    43.7      39.4      +4.3      16TH WARMEST OUT OF 69 YEARS
                                           (RECORD WARMEST WAS 47.3 IN 1963)
                                           (WARMEST SINCE 46.7 IN 2013)

OCTOBER      37.7      31.6      +6.1      7TH WARMEST OUT OF 69 YEARS
                                           (RECORD WARMEST WAS 38.8 IN 1953)
                                           (WARMEST SINCE 38.2 IN 1988)

NOVEMBER     31.6      23.9      +7.7      TIED FOR THE 7TH WARMEST OUT OF 69 YEARS
                                           (RECORD WARMEST WAS 37.5 IN 1999)
                                           (WARMEST SINCE 32.6 IN 2008)

DECEMBER     10.3      16.7      -6.4      5TH COLDEST OUT OF 69 YEARS
                                           (RECORD COLDEST WAS 2.9 IN 1983)
                                           (COLDEST SINCE 8.7 IN 2009)

YEAR         34.8      31.5      +3.3      TIED FOR THE 9TH WARMEST OUT OF 69 YEARS
                                           (RECORD WARMEST WAS 35.9 IN 1999)
                                           (WARMEST SINCE 35.4 IN 2015)

... 2016 TOP 3 WARMEST DAILY LOW TEMPERATURES...

1 - 63   JULY  2
2 - 60   SEPTEMBER  1
3 - 59   OCTOBER 27

ALL TIME RECORD WARMEST DAILY LOW TEMPERATURE...73 ON AUGUST 10 2000

... 2016 BROKEN OR TIED WARMEST DAILY LOW TEMPERATURE RECORDS...

44 ON FEBRUARY 17 (OLD RECORD 43 IN 1995)
55 ON JUNE  6 (TIED RECORD IN 1952)
63 ON JULY  2 (TIED RECORD IN 1975)
59 ON OCTOBER 27 (OLD RECORD 54 IN 1983)
52 ON NOVEMBER 14 (TIED RECORD IN 1999)

... 2016 TOP 3 COLDEST DAILY LOW TEMPERATURES...

1 - -27   DECEMBER 17
2 - -17   DECEMBER 16
3 - -9   DECEMBER  8

ALL TIME RECORD COLDEST DAILY LOW TEMPERATURE...-41 ON DECEMBER 24 1983

... 2016 BROKEN OR TIED COLDEST DAILY LOW TEMPERATURE RECORDS...

34 ON JUNE 20 (TIED RECORD IN 1978)
-27 ON DECEMBER 17 (OLD RECORD -22 IN 1964)

$$



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