Climatological Report (Annual)
Issued by NWS Portland, OR

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000
CXUS56 KPQR 011746
CLASLE

ANNUAL CLIMATE REPORT
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE PORTLAND OR
945 AM PST THU JAN 1 2015

...SALEM 2014 WEATHER IN REVIEW...

================================================================
MONTHLY WEATHER RECAPS...

JANUARY...A RATHER UNEVENTFUL MONTH OF WEATHER...WITH OVERALL
    A RATHER TYPICAL JANUARY. INCOMING FRONTS WERE WEAK...AND
    BROUGHT LESS THAN NORMAL RAINFALL.  HIGH PRESSURE MID MONTH
    GAVE REGION STRING OF COOL DAYS AND NIGHTS FROM THE 13TH
    THROUGH THE 26TH...WITH THE COLDEST NIGHT OF THE MONTH ON
    THE 5TH WITH A LOW TEMPERATURE OF 22 DEG. HEAVY FOG THAT
    FORMED AT NIGHT PERSISTED WELL INTO THE FOLLOWING DAY DURING
    MUCH OF THIS PERIOD.

FEBRUARY...AFTER A VERY MILD START...ARCTIC AIR FILTERED INTO
    THE REGION...BRINGING VERY COLD AIR. TEMPERATURES STAYED
    BELOW FREEZING FROM THE 3RD UNTIL THE 9TH. OCCASIONAL SNOW
    FELL ON THE 6TH AND 7TH...WITH SALEM AIRPORT GETING 0.25
    INCHES OF SNOW. TO MAKE IT WORSE...FREEZING RAIN BROUGHT
    DOWN TREES AND POWER LINES ON THE 7TH AND 8TH. SIGNIFICANT
    DAMAGE WAS REPORTED ACROSS MUCH OF THE AREA...WITH NO
    POWER IN MANY RURAL AREAS FOR SEVERAL DAYS. MUCH WARMER
    AIR RETURNED ON THE 10TH AND 11TH...WITH HIGHS WARMING
    INTO THE MID 50S BY THE 12TH. REGULAR FRONTS THROUGH THE
    END OF MONTH KEPT REGION WET...WITH TEMPERATURES MILD.
    THE STRONGEST FRONT BROUGHT GUSTY SOUTH WINDS OF 45 TO 55
    MPH TO THE CENTRAL WILLAMETTE VALLEY ON THE 15TH INTO THE
    17TH...ALONG WITH LOCALIZED HEAVY RAIN.

MARCH...MARCH ROARED IN LIKE A LION...WITH WIND AND RAIN.
    WIND GUSTS OF 45 TO 50 MPH ON THE 6TH BROUGHT SOME TREE
    DAMAGE AND FEW POWER OUTAGES...ALONG WITH HEAVY RAIN. THIS
    SYSTEM DUMPED 1.46 INCHES OF RAIN AT THE SALEM AIRPORT ON THE
    5TH AS WELL. OVERALL IT WAS A MILD AND WET MONTH...ESPECIALLY
    NEAR THE END OF THE MONTH.

APRIL...RATHER NICE MONTH OF WEATHER. TEMPERATURES WARMED IN
   THE 70S SEVERAL TIMES...AND EVEN THE MID 80S ON THE 30TH.
   RAINFALL WAS NEAR NORMAL...WITH MOST RAIN FALL BETWEEN THE
   21ST AND 27TH.

MAY...MAY CONTINUED WHERE APRIL ENDED...WARM. IT WAS 88 DEG
    ON THE FIRST...THE WARMEST MAY 1ST SINCE 1947. BUT IT DID
    NOT LAST. MORE TYPICAL MAY LIKE TEMPERATURES RETURNED BY
    BY THE 3RD...WITH HIGHS IN THE 60S. ANOTHER BRIEF BURST
    OF HEAT OCCURRED ON THE 13TH TO 15TH...WITH TEMPERATURE
    PEAKING AT 91 DEG ON THE 14TH. MAY ALSO SAW NEAR NORMAL
    RAINFALL FOR THE MONTH...WITH HALF OF IT FALLING BETWEEN
    THE 8TH AND 10TH.

JUNE...OVERALL...RATHER NORMAL AND UNEVENTFUL JUNE.

JULY...HIGH PRESSURE OVER THE NORTHEAST PACIFIC GREW STRONGER IN
    JULY. THIS MAINTAINED A RELATIVELY DRY AIR MASS OVER THE AREA.
    BUT ONSHORE FLOW WAS NOT AS STRONG AS NORMALLY EXPECTED. SO
    EVENING COOLING WAS NOT AS PRONOUNCED...LEAVING MANY NIGHTS
    IN THE UPPER 50S TO LOWER 60S. SMOKE FROM THE WILDFIRES OVER
    SOUTHWEST OREGON BROUGHT HAZE AT TIMES. ON THE 13TH...LIGHTNING
    DISRUPTED POWER IN SALEM. IT WAS THE 2ND WARMEST JULY...WITH
    AVERAGE TEMP OF 72.5 DEG.

AUGUST...AUGUST CONTINUED WHERE JULY ENDED...DRIER THAN NORMAL.
    UPPER LOW PRESSURE OFF THE SOUTH OREGON COASDT BECAME THE
    DOMINANT WEATHER PATTERN. THIS MAINTAINED A WARM AND HUMID
    SOUTHERLY FLOW ALOFT OVER WESTERN OREGON THROUGH MUCH OF
    THE MONTH.  AFTERNOON/EVENING THUNDERSTORMS OVER THE CASCADES
    DRIFTED INTO THE CENTRAL WILLAMETTE VALLEY FROM TIME TO
    TIME...WITH THE MOST SPECTACULAR LIGHTNING DISPLAYS ON 1ST.

    WARM HUMID SOUTHERLY FLOW ALOFT BROUGHT UNUSUALLY HIGH
    DEWPOINT TEMPERATURES TO THE REGION. SALEM AUGUST LOWS
    ARE NORMALLY NEAR 50 DEG...BUT WITH THE HUMID AIR IN PLACE
    TEMPERATURES RARELY DROPPED BELOW 55. IN PART DUE TO THE
    WARMER NIGHTS...AUGUST 2014 FINISHED AS THE WARMEST AUGUST
    SINCE 1967.

SEPTEMBER...WITH HIGHS WELL INTO THE 80S THROUGH THE 21ST...
    THE MONTH CONTINUED WARM AND DRY. AN INCREASING NUMBER OF
    FRONTS OFF THE PACIFIC BEGAN ARRIVING LATE IN THE MONTH
    WITH OCCASIONAL RAIN STARTING ON THE 22ND.  MOST ALL OF
    SEPTEMBERS RAINFALL OCCURRED ON THE 23RD TO 24TH.  SMOKE
    FROM THE FIREST IN THE CASCADES AND SW OREGON OCCASIONALLY
    DRIFTED OVER THE REGION THROUGHOUT THE MONTH.

    IT WAS THE 2ND WARMEST SEPTEMBER ON RECORD...TIED WITH
    1918.

OCTOBER...STARTED WARM AND DRY...WITH NO RAIN FOR THE FIRST
    10 DAYS. SERIES OF FRONT ARRIVED BY THE 11TH...BRING MORE
    SEASONABLE TEMPERATURES AND RAIN. IN FACT...IT RAIN ON
    EVERY DAY AFTER THE 12TH. A STRONG FRONT BROUGHT VERY
    HEAVY RAINFALL TO THE REGION ON 22ND AND 23RD....WITH
    GENERALLY 1 TO 2 INCHES OF RAIN ACROSS THE AREA.
    ANOTHER STRONG FRONT ARRIVED ON THE 25TH...BRINGING GUSTY
    SOUTH WINDS. WITH TREES STILL HEAVY WITH LEAVES...THE
    40 TO 50 MPH WIND GUSTS BROKE TREE LIMBS AND KNOCKED OUT
    POWER TO THOUSANDS ACROSS THE CENTRAL WILLAMETTE VALLEY.

    AVERAGE OCTOBER TEMPERATURE WAS 59.5 MAKES OCTOBER 2014
    THE 2ND WARMEST OCTOBER ON RECORD. IT WAS ONLY 0.1 DEG
    FROM THE WARMEST EVER WHICH WAS 59.6 IN OCTOBER 1901.

NOVEMBER...IT WAS A RATHER BENIGN MONTH...AS TEMPERATURES WERE
    NEAR NORMAL. EARLY ARCTIC OUTBREAK OVER THE ROCKIES AND
    PLAINS STATES BROUGHT PUSHED COLD AIR WESTWARD INTO THE
    PAC NW. WHILE IT WAS NOT EXTRAORDINARILY COLD...THE AIR
    MASS DID RESULT IN STRONG OFFSHORE FLOW WITH STRONG EAST
    WINDS ACROSS THE REGION FROM THE 10TH TO 15TH...AND EAST
    WINDS CONTINUING BUT LIGHTER FROM 16TH TO 20TH. THE
    LIGHTER WINDS ALLOWED FOR BETTER HEAT LOSS AT NIGHT...
    WITH OVERNIGHT TEMPERATURES DOWN NEAR 20 DEG. MOISTURE
    MOVING NORTH FROM CALIFORNIA INTO OREGON FELL INTO THE
    COLD AIR ON THE 12TH TO 14TH...RESULTING IN FREEZING
    RAIN WITH LIGHT ACCUMULATIONS OF ICE. MORE SIGNIFICANT
    ICE ACCUMULATIONS WERE JUST SOUTH AND SOUTHWEST OF SALEM
    FROM THE CENTRAL COAST RANGE BY FALLS CITY AND DALLAS.
    NOVEMBER ENDED WET...WITH 1.98 INCHES FALLING ON 28TH.

DECEMBER...STARTED RATHER TYPICAL...WITH CHILLY NIGHTS AND
    COOL DAYS. A STRONG FRONT PUSHED ACROSS THE REGION ON THE
    4TH...BRINGING 1 TO 2 INCHES OF RAIN. THE STORM TRACK
    THEN SHIFTED...PUSHING STRONG STORMS INTO CALIFORNIA.
    METRO AREA WAS NOT AS WET...BUT WAS MUCH MILDER. A STRONG
    STORM DEVELOPED OFFSHORE ON THE 11TH...AND BROUGHT A
    BRIEF PERIOD OF VERY STRONG SOUTH WINDS. WINDS ACROSS
    THE METRO AREA BROKE TREE LIMBS...TOPPLED MORE TREES
    AND KNOCKED OUT POWER TO TENS OF THOUSANDS OF HOMES. THE
    SALEM AIRPORT RECORDED A GUST TO 53 MPH. MILD WEATHER
    CONTINUED THROUGH THE 24TH. ANOTHER BOUT OF HEAVY RAINS
    FELL ON THE 19TH TO 21ST...WITH 2 TO 3 INCHES OR RAIN IN
    SALEM...BUT 6 TO 8 INCHES FELL OVER THE COAST RANGE.

    MOSTLY DUE TO WARMER OVERNIGHT LOW TEMPERATURES...DEC
    2014 ENDED AS THE 4TH WARMEST DECEMBER ON RECORD.

=================================================================
NEW RECORDS SET IN 2014 (PREVIOUS RECORD IN PARENTHESES)

JAN...
   NO NEW RECORDS.

FEB...
   7TH   NEW.  DAILY COOL HIGH TEMP   28 DEG     (36/1989)

MAR...
   5TH   NEW.  DAILY PRECIPITATION 1.46 INCH     (1.31/1989)
  24TH   TIED. DAILY HIGH TEMP        70 DEG     (70/1979)

APR...
  24TH   NEW.  DAILY PRECIPITATION 0.42 INCH     (0.41/1975)
  30TH   NEW.  DAILY HIGH TEMP        86 DEG     (83/2004)

MAY...
   1ST   NEW.  DAILY HIGH TEMP        88 DEG     (85/1947)

JUN...
   NO NEW RECORDS.

JUL...
  22ND   NEW.  DAILY PRECIPITATION  0.11 INCH    (0.09/1934)
   JUL   WAS THE WARMEST JULY SINCE 1890

AUG...
   NO NEW RECORD.

SEP...
   SEP   TIED AS THE 2ND WARMEST SEPT ON RECORD.

OCT...
   OCT   WAS THE 2ND WARMEST OCTOBER ON RECORD.

NOV...
  25TH   TIED. DAILY WARM LOW TEMP    55 DEG     (55/1977)
  27TH   NEW . DAILY WARM LOW TEMP    53 DEG     (52/1949)

DEC...
  10TH   NEW.  DAILY WARM LOW TEMP    54 DEG     (48/2004)
   DEC   WAS THE 4TH WARMEST DECEMBER ON RECORD.

YEAR     2014 HAD 89 DAYS WITH TEMPERATURES AT LEAST 80 DEG...
            WHICH IS MOST SINCE 1967.
         2014 WAS THE WARMEST YEAR ON RECORD WITH AN AVERAGE
            TEMPERATURE OF 56.0 DEG.  PREVIOUS RECORD WARMEST
            YEAR WAS 1926 WITH AVERAGE TEMP OF 55.9 DEG.

============================================================
2014 SALEM AIRPORT TEMPERATURE DATA

      |--- AVERAGES ----| MEAN T DEPART| EXTREME TEMPS/DATE  |
MONTH |HIGHS LOWS   MEAN|  FROM NORMAL | HIGHEST      LOWEST |
=============================================================
JAN     48.3  34.3   41.3   -0.4 DEG     58 /29TH    22 /26TH
FEB     48.3  36.3   42.3   -1.3 DEG     61 /28TH    20 / 7TH
MAR     58.9  39.3   49.1   +1.8 DEG     70 /24TH    30 /22ND*
APR     63.7  42.1   52.9   +2.0 DEG     86 /30TH    35 /26TH*
MAY     71.1  48.5   59.8   +3.1 DEG     91 /14TH    38 / 7TH
JUN     75.0  51.3   63.2   +1.1 DEG     87 /30TH    43 / 6TH*
JUL     87.2  57.8   72.5   +4.5 DEG     99 / 1ST    52 /10TH
AUG     86.7  58.3   72.5   +4.4 DEG     98 /11TH    49 /21ST
SEP     80.2  52.4   66.3   +3.2 DEG     97 / 6TH    47 /14TH*
OCT     69.1  49.9   59.5   +5.8 DEG     87 / 6TH    43 /13TH*
NOV     53.3  39.0   46.2   +0.2 DEG     64 / 5TH    21 /16TH
DEC     51.4  38.6   45.0   +4.9 DEG     63 /11TH    22 /31ST

2014    66.2  45.7   55.0   +2.0 DEG     99 /JUL 1  20 /FEB 7
NORMAL  63.6  42.5   53.0              *MOST RECENT OF SEVERAL

DAYS WITH TEMPERATURES IN 2014 WHERE...
       |------ MAXIMUM TEMP --------||------ MINIMUM TEMP ---|
       <=32  60+  70+  80+  90+ 100+  <=20  <=32   60+   70+
==============================================================
JAN      0    0    0    0    0    0      0    14    0     0
FEB      3    1    0    0    0    0      1    10    0     0
MAR      0   13    1    0    0    0      0     5    0     0
APR      0   19    6    1    0    0      0     0    0     0
MAY      0   29   17    5    1    0      0     0    0     0
JUN      0   30   24    8    0    0      0     0    2     0
JUL      0   31   30   25   14    0      0     0   12     0
AUG      0   31   31   27   11    0      0     0   11     0
SEP      0   30   27   18    3    0      0     0    1     0
OCT      0   27   14    5    0    0      0     0    0     0
NOV      0    6    0    0    0    0      0    10    0     0
DEC      0    4    0    0    0    0      0     5    0     0

2014     3  221  150   89   29    0      1    44   26     0
NORMAL   1  197  124   59   15    1      3    50    4     0

FIRST/LAST OCCURRENCES OF...        IN 2014      NORMAL
  LAST 32 DEG OR COLDER IN SPRING    MAR 23     (APR 18)
  FIRST 70+ DEG OF THE YEAR          MAR 24     (APR  4)
  FIRST 80+ DEG OF THE YEAR          APR 30     (MAY 11)
  FIRST 90+ DEG OF THE YEAR          MAY 14     (JUN 21)

  LAST 90+ DEG OF THE YEAR           SEP 20     (SEP  6)
  LAST 80+ DEG OF THE YEAR           OCT  7     (SEP 29)
  LAST 70+ DEG OF THE YEAR           OCT 19     (OCT 18)
  FIRST 32 DEG OR COLDER IN FALL     NOV 11     (OCT 27)

==============================================================
2014 SALEM AIRPORT RAINFALL DATA...

DAYS WITH TEMPERATURES WHERE ...
       TOTAL  DEPARTURE  DAYS WITH AT LEAST...  GREATEST IN
MONTH   RAIN  FM NORMAL   0.01 0.10 0.50 1.00   24HRS & DATE
===============================================================
JAN     2.26    -3.70      10    6    1    0    0.62 JAN 11-12
FEB     7.01    +2.45      18   15    7    0    1.12 FEB 13-14
MAR     7.32    +3.33      16   13    6    2    1.46 MAR 5
APR     2.71    -0.10      13    8    1    0    1.01 APR 23-24
MAY     2.07    -0.15      11    4    1    0    0.67 MAY  8-9
JUN     0.64    -0.91       6    2    0    0    0.32 JUN 26-27
JUL     0.46    +/- 0       4    2    0    0    0.28 JUL 23-24
AUG     0.35    -0.10       3    2    0    0    0.15 AUG 1
SEP     1.20    -0.08       5    2    1    0    1.04 SEP 23-24
OCT     5.80    +2.77      16   15    3    1    1.50 OCT 22-23
NOV     4.87    -1.63      14   11    3    0    1.13 NOV 27-28
DEC     6.87    +0.01      21   12    4    2    1.75 DEC 19-20

  2014  41.56   +1.89     137   92   27    5    1.75 DEC 19-20
NORMAL  39.67             144   91   25    6

SALEM WATER YEAR 2013-14 (1 OCT 2013 THROUGH 30 SEP 2014)
      28.60 INCHES      11.07 INCHES BELOW NORMAL

============================================================
2014 SALEM AIRPORT WIND AND PRESSURE DATA...

      AVERAGE SPEED (MPH)    STRONGEST WIND GUST
MONTH   2014   NORMAL      DIRECTION   SPEED   DATE
============================================================
JAN      5.6    7.1 SOUTHWEST45 MPH  JAN 29
FEB      8.1    6.9 SOUTH 48 MPH  FEB 17
MAR      7.7    7.4 SOUTH  47 MPH  MAR  6
APR      7.1    6.9 SOUTHWEST   38 MPH  APR 27
MAY      6.4    6.4SOUTH33 MPH  MAY  4
JUN      6.5    6.5 SOUTHWEST 30 MPH  JUN 12
JUL      6.2    6.5 NORTH27 MPH  JUL  8
AUG      5.8    6.0 SOUTH  29 MPH  AUG  1
SEP      5.3    5.5 WEST  29 MPH  SEP  2
OCT      5.9    5.7 SOUTH      51 MPH  OCT 25
NOV      7.3    7.1 SOUTH  44 MPH  NOV 21
DEC      6.6    7.1 SOUTH      53 MPH  DEC 11

2014     6.5    6.6SOUTH      53 MPH  DEC 11

HIGHEST PRESSURE IN 2014...30.75 INCHES    DEC 30
LOWEST PRESSURE IN 2014...29.09 INCHES    DEC 11

============================================================
SALEM AIRPORT CLIMATE PERIOD OF RECORDS...   1892 TO 2014
SALEM AIRPORT CLIMATE NORMALS BASED ON...    1981 TO 2010
============================================================

DATA COMPILED BY ROCKEY/RAMIREZ
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE PORTLAND OREGON

ONLINE AT:     WEATHER.GOV/PORTLAND


$$



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