Drought Information Statement
Issued by NWS Birmingham, AL

Home | Current Version | Previous Version | Text Only | Print | Product List | Glossary On
Versions: 1 2
000
AXUS74 KBMX 141453
DGTBMX
ALC001-005>011-015>021-027-029-037-047-051-055-057-
063-065-073-075-081-085>093-101-105>127-201200-

DROUGHT INFORMATION STATEMENT
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE BIRMINGHAM AL
953 AM CDT THU JUL 14 2016

...SEVERE DROUGHT PERSISTS IN NORTHEAST AND EAST-CENTRAL ALABAMA...

SYNOPSIS...SEVERE DROUGHT CONDITIONS CONTINUE IN PORTIONS OF
NORTHEAST AND EAST-CENTRAL ALABAMA DUE TO RECENT BELOW NORMAL
RAINFALL. THE LATEST U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR NOW INDICATES THAT SEVERE
DROUGHT CONDITIONS EXIST TO THE RIGHT OF A LINE FROM NEAR SUMMIT TO
CENTRE TO ASHEVILLE TO ODENVILLE TO TALLADEGA TO RAGLAND TO HEFLIN
TO ASHLAND TO LANETT. SEVERE DROUGHT IS ALSO INDICATED IN NORTHWEST
PORTIONS OF CENTRAL ALABAMA TO THE RIGHT OF A LINE FROM NEAR
SHOTTSVILLE TO BRILLIANT TO GUIN TO NEAR VERNON. MODERATE DROUGHT IS
INDICATED ALONG AND NORTH OF A LINE FROM LIVINGSTON TO DEMOPOLIS TO
CLINTON TO BERRY TO BESSEMER TO TUSKEGEE TO NORTH OF PHOENIX CITY.
REMAINING AREAS ARE INDICATED TO BE NEAR NORMAL TO ABNORMALLY DRY.

THE DROUGHT MONITOR CLASSIFIES DROUGHT WITHIN ONE OF THESE FIVE
CATEGORIES:

D0...ABNORMALLY DRY
D1...MODERATE DROUGHT
D2...SEVERE DROUGHT
D3...EXTREME DROUGHT
D4...EXCEPTIONAL DROUGHT

CLIMATE SUMMARY...

IN GENERAL BELOW NORMAL RAINFALL OCCURRED DURING MAY ACROSS MUCH OF
CENTRAL ALABAMA AND THIS PATTERN CONTINUED THROUGH JUNE AND INTO
JULY. EVEN THOUGH THERE HAS BEEN SOME RAINFALL ACROSS THE AREA
DURING THE PAST WEEK IT HAS NOT BEEN WIDESPREAD OR HEAVY ENOUGH TO
PRODUCE ANY SIGNFICANT IMPROVEMENT IN THE DROUGHT CONDITIONS FOUND
ACROSS CENTRAL ALABAMA

SOME PRECIPITATION AMOUNTS (INCHES) FOR CENTRAL ALABAMA SINCE
JANUARY 1ST...

BIRMINGHAM    28.47
MONTGOMERY    28.64
ANNISTON      22.85
TUSCALOOSA    26.06
CALERA        25.93
TROY          28.33

NORMAL PRECIPITATION EXPECTED (INCHES) AND DEPARTURE FROM NORMAL
(INCHES) JANURARY 1ST THROUGH JULY 13TH...

BIRMINGHAM    30.40  DOWN 1.93
MONTGOMERY    29.83  DOWN 1.19
ANNISTON      28.95  DOWN 6.10
TUSCALOOSA    30.13  DOWN 4.07
CALERA        30.56  DOWN 4.58
TROY          30.14  DOWN 1.81

AGRICULTURAL IMPACTS...

THE LATEST UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (USDA) REPORTS
INDICATE THAT CROPS ARE BEGINNING TO SUFFER BECAUSE OF HEAT STRESS,
AND THAT MORE RAIN AND COOLER WEATHER IS NEEDED.  PASTURES ARE
HURTING IN SOME AREAS AND DRY CONDITIONS ARE HAMPERING SOYBEAN
PLANTINGS. STATEWIDE STRESS ON CATTLE AND PASTURE AND RANGELANDS HAS
ALSO INCREASED DURING THE PAST WEEK.

THE LATEST REPORTS FROM THE USDA (FROM JULY 10, 2106)

             PERCENT POOR OR WORSE     PERCENT FAIR OR BETTER

CATTLE                5                          95
PASTURE &            25                          75
 RANGE
COTTON                5                          95
SOYBEANS             17                          83
PEANUTS               0                         100

FIRE DANGER IMPACTS...

THE FIRE DANGER RISK ACROSS CENTRAL ALABAMA HAS INCREASED DUE TO THE
RECENT BELOW NORMAL RAINFALL. KEETCH-BYRAM DROUGHT INDICES (KBDI)
GENERALLY RANGE FROM 300 TO 600 ACROSS THE NORTHERN TWO-THIRDS OF
CENTRAL ALABAMA AND 100 TO 300 IN THE SOUTHERN SECTIONS. VALUES
ABOVE 500 INDICATE A SEVERE FIRE DANGER.

THE ALABAMA FORESTRY COMMISSION REPORTS THAT THERE IS NO FIRE-ALERT
OR DROUGHT EMERGENCY CURRENTLY ISSUED. HOWEVER THE STATE FORESTER IS
STILL URGING EVERYONE TO USE ALL NECESSARY SAFETY PRECAUTIONS WHEN
DOING ANY TYPE OF OUTDOOR BURNING.

HYDROLOGIC SUMMARY AND OUTLOOK...

STREAM FLOWS REPORTED BY USGS GAGES ARE CURRENTLY RUNNING BELOW
NORMAL ACROSS MOST OF THE DROUGHT AREA DESPITE THE RECENT
RAINFALL...ALTHOUGH A FEW GAGES IN THIS AREA HAVE AT LEAST
TEMPORARILY RETURNED TO NEAR NORMAL. HOWEVER...STREAMFLOWS WILL
QUICKLY BEGIN TO DECLINE AGAIN IF ADDITIONAL RAINFALL DOES NOT OCCUR.

IN GENERAL MOST MAJOR RESERVOIRS ARE NEAR THEIR SUMMER POOL LEVELS
ALTHOUGH SOME ARE BEGINNING TO SHOW SOME SLIGHT DECLINES...
ESPECIALLY IN THE TALLAPOOSA RIVER BASIN. LISTED BELOW ARE CURRENT
LEVELS FOR SOME OF THE MAJOR RESERVOIRS ACROSS CENTRAL ALABAMA AND
LEVELS FROM JULY 1ST:

RESERVOIR             LEVEL FOR 07/14/16     LEVEL FOR 07/01/16

WEISS                       563.2                   563.0
NEELY HENRY                 507.2                   507.1
LOGAN MARTIN                464.2                   464.1
LAY                         395.9                   395.9
MITCHELL                    311.9                   311.9
JORDAN                      251.7                   251.5
R.L. HARRIS                 792.1                   792.5
MARTIN                      488.5                   489.1
SMITH                       506.7                   508.1
BANKHEAD                    254.9                   254.6
HOLT                        186.5                   186.5

SOCIAL IMPACTS...

MOST AREA RESERVOIR LEVELS ARE AT OR NEAR THEIR SUMMER POOL
LEVELS...ALTHOUGH SOME HAVE FALLEN SLIGHTLY SINCE LAST WEEK.
CURRENTLY THERE IS NOT A SIGNIFICANT THREAT OF MUNICIPAL WATER
SHORTAGES.

PRECIPITATION AND TEMPERATURE OUTLOOK...

WEAK TROUGHING ALOFT WILL PREVAIL INTO THE WEEKEND...ALLOWING FOR
PERIODIC WEATHER DISTURBANCES TO BRING SCATTERED SHOWERS AND
THUNDERSTORMS TO PORTIONS OF CENTRAL ALABAMA. HOWEVER...BY EARLY
NEXT WEEK UPPER LEVEL RIDGING IS FORECAST TO INCREASE OVER THE
CENTRAL PORTIONS OF THE NATION AND THIS WILL BRING A RETURN TO
HOTTER CONDITIONS AND SOMEWHAT LOWER CHANCES FOR RAIN BACK TO THE
AREA.

THE TWO WEEK OUTLOOK...FROM JULY 19TH THROUGH JULY 27TH...CALLS FOR
ABOVE NORMAL TEMPERATURES AND NEAR NORMAL PRECIPITATION CHANCES
TRANSITIONING TO BELOW NORMAL PRECIPITATION CHANCES.

THE LONGER-RANGE OUTLOOK FOR THE REMAINDER OF JULY THROUGH SEPTEMBER
IS FOR ABOVE NORMAL TEMPERATURES AND NEAR NORMAL CHANCES OF
PRECIPITATION.

THE LATEST SEASONAL DROUGHT OUTLOOK THROUGH SEPTEMBER INDICATES THAT
IN GENERAL DROUGHT CONDITIONS ARE EXPECTED TO PERSIST ACROSS AREAS
CURRENTLY EXPERIENCING THEM IN CENTRAL ALABAMA.

UPDATE STATEMENT...

THE NEXT STATEMENT WILL BE ISSUED BY AROUND THURSDAY JULY 28TH.


USA.gov is the U.S. government's official web portal to all federal, state and local government web resources and services.