Quantitative Precipitation Forecast
Issued by NWS

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000
FXUS04 KWBC 192105
QPFPFD

QUANTITATIVE PRECIPITATION FORECAST DISCUSSION
NWS WEATHER PREDICTION CENTER COLLEGE PARK MD
404 PM EST MON FEB 19 2018


FINAL DAY 1...DAY 2 AND DAY 3 QPF DISCUSSION
VALID FEB 20/0000 UTC THRU FEB 23/0000 UTC
REFERENCE AWIPS GRAPHICS UNDER...PRECIP ACCUM - 24HR


DAY 1

...LARGE SCALE HEAVY RAIN / FLOOD EVENT...
...EASTERN PLAINS / MID-UPPER MS VALLEY / GREAT LAKES / UPPER OHIO
VALLEY...

A SYNOPTIC PATTERN THAT SHOULD SPARK GREAT CONCERN OVER HEAVY
RAINFALL...WAS COMING INTO PLACE...WITH LARGE SCALE AMPLIFICATION
OF A TROUGH IN THE WEST...BLOCKED BY A 594 DECAMETER RIDGE IN THE
ATLANTIC...WITH MOISTURE TRAJECTORIES EMANATING FROM THE CARIBBEAN
BEFORE ENCOUNTERING A SLOW MOVING FRONTAL ZONE IN THE MIDDLE OF
THE NATION. MOISTURE QUALITY LOOKS MORE LIKE MARCH OR APRIL.
PRECIPITABLE WATER INCREASING TO AT LEAST 1.50 INCHES SOUTHERN
GREAT PLAINS AND TAPERING ONLY TO AROUND 1.30 INCHES TO THE
SOUTHERN GREAT LAKES WOULD REPRESENT MAX VALUES FOR LATE FEBRUARY
PER GEFS M-CLIMATE DATA. EXPECT REPEATED WAVES OF MODERATE
RAINFALL...AND EMBEDDED INCREASINGLY HEAVY RAINFALL FROM LATE
TONIGHT THROUGH WED/THU IN SOME AREAS...RESULTING IN A WIDE SWATH
THAT WILL INDUCE LOCAL FLASH FLOODING AND MAY OVERWHELM SOME MAIN
STEM RIVERS. ESPECIALLY CONCERNED IN THE SOUTHERN PLAINS / LOWER
MISSISSIPPI VALLEY WITH THE GREATEST AVAILABLE INSTABILITY...AND
THE SOUTHERN GREAT LAKES WHERE DEEP FROST DEPTH / FROZEN GROUND
AND SOME SNOW MELT WATER WILL EXACERBATE THE RUNOFF / FLOOD
SITUATION.

ALTHOUGH DETAILS WILL VARY EACH 6-HOURS...THE QPF WAS NOT OVERLY
COMPLICATED ON THE LARGE SCALE WITH THE SYNOPTIC PATTERN DRIVING
THE SITUATION...BEING WELL HANDLED BY THE MODELS. FOR DAY 1...00Z
TUE TO 00Z WED...WPC BEGAN WITH A 40/30/30 BLEND OF THE 12Z GFS /
12Z WRF-ARW / 12Z IN-HOUSE ENSEMBLE MINUS THE BIAS CORRECTION.
THIS RESULTED IN A CONTINUAL SWATH OF 1.0 TO 2.75 INCH AREAL
AVERAGE 24-HOUR RAINFALL FROM TEXAS TO MICHIGAN AND EVEN NORTHERN
NEW YORK. WITHIN THAT AXIS THERE WILL LIKELY BE HEAVIER MESOSCALE
AREAS. MOST LIKELY AREAS FOR ENHANCEMENT INCLUDE EASTERN OK INTO
ADJACENT MO/AR AS DEEP LAYER FORCING INCREASES TUESDAY...AND ALSO
IL/IN INTO LOWER MICHIGAN WHERE MOISTURE TRANSPORT AT THE NOSE OF
THE LLJ WILL BE MAXIMIZED FOR QUITE SOME TIME LATE TONIGHT AND ON
TUESDAY. THOUGH MODELS DO NOT INDICATE CAPE THAT FAR NORTH...THERE
IS USUALLY SOME AMOUNT OF CONVECTIVE ENHANCEMENT WITH SUCH STRONG
FORCING.


...ELSEWHERE...

LITTLE CHANGE TO THE FORECAST OUT WEST BENEATH THE DIGGING UPPER
TROUGH. THE SAME BLEND USED FOR THE EASTERN U.S. WAS APPLIED HERE
AS WELL. SOME OF THE HEAVIER SNOWFALL SHOULD OCCUR IN
WESTERN/CENTRAL COLORADO AND NORTHERN NEW MEXICO... SEE QPFHSD FOR
DETAILS.



DAYS 2/3...


...PACIFIC NORTHWEST/ROCKIES...

SHORT WAVE ENERGY DROPPING INTO A DEVELOPING LONG WAVE TROUGH OVER
THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST AND CA PROVIDES LIFT FOR GENERALLY LIGHT QPF
ON DAY 2. AS THE LONG WAVE TROUGH EXTENDS AND REFORMS OVER THE
WESTERN UNITED STATES...LIFT IS EXPECTED TO BE SUFFICIENT FOR
ADDITIONAL QPF AMOUNTS ON DAY 3. THERE WAS GENERALLY GOOD
AGREEMENT WITH THE SHORT WAVE TIMING ON DAY 2...BUT THERE IS
INCREASING SPREAD ON DAY 3 WITH RESPECT TO WHERE THE LONG WAVE
TROUGH SETS UP REMAINED IN THE 12Z MODEL PRODUCTION CYCLE.

IN AN ATTEMPT TO MITIGATE SOME OF THE PLACEMENT DIFFERENCES...THE
WPC QPF WAS BASED ON A BLEND OF THE 12Z ECMWF/GFS.

A LOW LEVEL WESTERLY FLOW PUSHES PACIFIC MOISTURE AHEAD OF A SHORT
WAVE PASSING THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST ON ITS WAY TO CENTRAL CA EARLY
ON DAY 2.  WHILE MOST OF THE LIFT ASSOCIATED WITH THE SHORT WAVE
REMAINS OFFSHORE...THE UPSLOPE FLOW COMBINES WITH THE LIFT TO
PRODUCE AN AREA OF GENERALLY LIGHT PRECIPITATION OVER PORTIONS OF
WESTERN AND CENTRAL OR. A LONG WAVE TROUGH BEGINS TO RE-FORM IN
RESPONSE TO THIS SHORT WAVE TROUGH ONCE IT BEGINS DIVING
SOUTHWARD.  THERE SHOULD BE SUFFICIENT LIFT TO AUGMENT MOISTURE IN
THE UPSLOPE FLOW TO PRODUCE AN AXIS OF GENERALLY LIGHT
PRECIPITATION FROM LATE DAY 2 INTO DAY 3


...SOUTHERN PLAINS/LOWER AND MID MS VALLEY TO THE WESTERN/SOUTHERN
GREAT LAKES AND OH VALLEY...

A LONG WAVE TROUGH OVER THE ROCKIES AND SOUTHWEST STATES ON DAY 2
WEAKENS AS IT MOVES EAST...EJECTING SHORT WAVE ENERGY IN THE
SOUTHWEST FLOW OVER THE SOUTHERN PLAINS INTO THE LOWER AND MID MS
VALLEY ON DAY 2. THE SHORT WAVE ENERGY PROVIDES LIFT OVER A
SLOWING FRONTAL BOUNDARY...WHICH FOCUSES DEEP MOISTURE AND
INSTABILITY FOR CONVECTION PRODUCING HEAVY TO EXCESSIVE RAINFALL
ON DAY 2 AND PRIMARILY THE FIRST PART OF DAY 3.

MODEL AGREEMENT IN TERMS OF POSITION OF THE HIGHEST PRECIPITABLE
WATER AXIS...AND CORRESPONDING QPF...WAS QUITE GOOD ON DAY 2.  THE
GEFS MEAN AND ECMWF BOTH POINT TO THE PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES
BEING AT OR ABOVE THE RECORD PW VALUES FOR THE MONTH OF FEBRUARY
WITH ANOMALIES BEING SOME 3.5 TO 4 STANDARDIZED ANOMALIES ABOVE
CLIMATOLOGY FROM THE EASTERN OK INTO THE MID MISSISSIPPI VALLEY
AND DOWN STREAM TOWARDS THE GREAT LAKES.  GIVEN THE AMOUNT OF DEEP
MOISTURE FORECAST TO BE IN PLACE AND WIND SPEEDS OF 60 KNOTS OR SO
AT H85....HAD NO PROBLEMS GOING AT OR ABOVE GUIDANCE IN TERMS OF
QPF.

RUN TO RUN MODEL CONSISTENCY WAS REALLY VERY GOOD ON DAY 2...WITH
ONLY MINOR SHIFTS IN PLACEMENT OF THE MAX PCPN VALUES.  AS A
RESULT...THE WPC FORECAST LARGELY MIRRORED THE FORECAST ISSUED AT
19/12Z WITH ONLY MINOR MODIFICATIONS.

THAT MEANT FEW CHANGES WERE NEEDED TO THE MODERATE RISK AREA FOR
EXCESSIVE RAINFALL ISSUED OVERNIGHT.  THE ONE REAL CHANGE MADE IN
THIS FORECAST CYCLE WAS TO ADD A SECOND MODERATE RISK AREA OVER
PORTIONS OF THE SOUTHERN GREAT LAKES.  THIS WAS DONE IN RESPONSE
TO FEEDBACK FROM THE OFFICES IN THE AREA ABOUT ANTECEDENT
CONDITIONS AND HOW SEVERAL INCHES OF RAIN FALLING ON A SNOWPACK
THAT WAS SITTING ON TOP OF FROZEN GROUND COULD EASILY LEAD TO
FLOODING EVEN IF THE RAINFALL RATES ARE NOT AS INTENSE AS WHAT
FALLS OVER THE SOUTHERN PLAINS.  IT WAS THROUGH THIS COORDINATION
THAT IT WAS AGREED THAT PORTIONS OF THE MID MISSISSIPPI VALLEY
WOULD ONLY NEED A SLIGHT RISK AREA FOR EXCESSIVE RAINFALL DUE TO
DRY CONDITIONS AND LOW STREAM FLOWS...AT LEAST EARLY ON IN THE
EVENT.

WITH THE FLOW WEAKENING AND LOSS OF UPPER SUPPORT...THERE SHOULD
BE A GRADUAL DECREASE IN AREAL COVERAGE AND RAINFALL INTENSITY ON
DAY 3.  NO CHANGES WERE MADE TO THE DAY 3 EXCESSIVE RAINFALL
OUTLOOK.


...NORTHEAST...

LIGHT TO MODERATE PRECIPITATION WILL MAKE ITS WAY INTO THE
NORTHEAST ALONG THE AXIS OF MAXIMUM PRECIPITABLE WATER...WITH
AREAS IMMEDIATE ALONG AND DOWNWIND OF LAKES ERIE AND ONTARIO.  THE
GFS HAS BEEN MOST AGGRESSIVE WITH AMOUNTS...AND GENERALLY WAS NOT
FOLLOWED GIVEN AGREEMENT FROM THE OTHER MODELS.  THE PRECIPITATION
WILL BE SHUNTED EAST ON DAY 3 AS THE NORTHERN END OF A COLD FRONT
FINALLY MAKES ITS WAY SOUTHWARD.

BURKE/BANN


GRAPHICS AVAILABLE ON THE WEB AT
WWW.WPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/QPF/QPF2.SHTML




THIS DISCUSSION WILL TRANSITION TO MIXED-CASE FEB 26, 2018.  THE
LISTING OF ISOHYET POINTS CONTAINED BELOW WILL ALSO BE ELIMINATED
FROM THE PRODUCT FEB 26, 2018.  ISOHYET GRID INFORMATION WILL
CONTINUE TO BE GENERATED IN A VARIETY OF BINARY FORMATS AND MADE
AVAILABLE THROUGH THE WPC GIS PAGE.

24HR QP VT 21/00Z
 0.01 530175 530169 528164 526159 523157 517150 511144 504137
      500136 497136 496139 497144 501152 505156 507159 510163
      514164 520170 524174 528176 530175
 0.01 516889 516879 514873 510858 506846 503842 499839 483836
      478812 473784 474760 474754 474750 476741 483725 486718
      486711 488704 487696 486685 483679 477671 469666 465658
      453646 443634 440632 435634 427637 416653 414656 412662
      410671 404695 401706 399712 397717 392726 388733 386738
      385744 384750 385756 389756 393755 396752 397748 400740
      403749 409756 412760 411765 409775 407779 408787 409794
      411801 408815 404827 398837 378866 372873 366880 356893
      350898 347901 342901 337900 335897 329893 323884 318872
      317867 313862 304858 299857 293857 288864 288876 289887
      289891 285889 281885 280888 281891 282897 284901 287908
      297908 302914 312914 323916 329919 333922 329925 322924
      317922 312921 305922 301923 294927 287932 281939 283946
      284951 282955 277961 274967 277984 278994 275001 278011
      285019 292025 298025 303022 312018 317011 324006 331003
      339000 346995 359985 372978 375979 377983 380986 385986
      390984 393981 397977 402973 408972 413974 413981 411987
      407998 402006 392020 388029 387034 390038 392042 393044
      390045 387046 383044 375041 369043 356050 346054 332053
      326052 324053 324057 324061 327062 332064 342068 345072
      343077 341079 339079 335077 330076 325076 323078 317079
      309079 302084 300087 298091 316117 321116 326113 330111
      333111 335113 342114 345114 346112 350100 356096 363089
      372093 375097 375103 378113 378116 376118 374120 372124
      371130 370137 372141 374143 379144 382145 384142 388139
      389133 390130 393131 396133 400132 403129 412129
 0.01 412129 413126 414124 416124 421129 422133 420135 418144
      419148 416153 412160 409159 410152 405150 404153 401159
      394160 392161 390164 388169 387175 391176 394174 395170
      398168 402167 407166 415168 417163 418154 422150 423143
      441152 450147 454145 453141 449140 445138 440133 434123
      416110 414108 415105 418102 426103 433105 439105 439098
      433096 430091 426088 422088 418085 419080 421077 431073
      446055 454045 460033 463028 466023 470020 473014 477997
      479990 482984 484979 487973 494962 507937 512927 514920
      514910 516889
 0.01 481244 482239 480234 475232 472226 470218 470212 467209
      460210 456214 451217 424204 421201 417201 413201 410203
      405206 403209 405212 409214 412212 418209 422210 426212
      428215 427223 431231 428234 426235 418234 412238 406242
      401246 399248 398253 399258 403260 411263 417266 423266
      437262 443260 449259 457257 464256 469255 474252 479249
      481244
 0.01 396205 394202 391199 390196 386194 380191 374186 368182
      363181 361182 359183 360186 367190 374193 378196 379199
      381203 384205 388207 392208 396205
 0.01 402102 401099 397099 394099 390099 388100 386102 384104
      382108 382113 385114 387113 391112 393111 396110 397108
      398105 401104 402102
 0.01 376751 372747 370747 362754 352759 345761 341763 336766
      334769 335777 337782 338784 341785 343784 353780 358777
      361774 363768 367764 370761 373757 376751
 0.01 355832 355830 355828 353826 351828 350831 349833 349835
      350837 352837 353835 355833 355832
 0.01 355863 351857 344853 335850 330843 326842 323844 320851
      322856 322859 324866 326869 329872 332874 336876 339873
      343871 346873 352868 355863
 0.01 328170 329168 329166 329164 327161 326160 324158 322158
      320159 320160 319162 319164 319166 321167 322169 324170
      326170 328170 328170
 0.01 308841 308831 302825 296821 290816 281804 275797 271791
      267785 262778 260779 258783 256785 256787 261805 269808
      273810 275813 279821 283827 293837 301842 307844 308841
 0.01 282088 283081 282076 275069 270062 265058 261056 248055
      244058 243064 244070 247074 254080 259082 262085 266089
      271090 277090 282088 282088
 0.01 262852 261846 260843 258836 254829 252820 251809 249802
      242791 235786 232785 229787 227794 228803 230806 230811
      231820 232831 236836 238838 240842 242849 247855 250855
      253857 258857 260856 262852
 0.01 260002 260998 257997 249995 250988 246987 243988 239989
      235987 233987 230989 231994 233996 238001 244005 249009
      256007 260002
 0.25 495901 495894 493891 490896 487903 485906 482909 465932
      463944 461947 457949 453952 447957 437968 429980 425987
      422994 418001 418005 420006 423011 423015 421024 420027
      421031 426031 428029 434023 437016 443002 448995 453990
      457984 460978 464969 467959 470952 474948 481944 486938
      489931 491924 495901
 0.25 471706 471695 469691 466690 462688 459682 455664 451654
      447651 443654 440655 437653 432653 427654 424658 422663
      422671 420678 417683 416691 418704 419709 421714 425715
      428713 434706 437705 436711 436718 434725 434730 435734
      433737 429738 425743 426756 428764 427769 416812 411826
      407838 398860 394867 389875 378893 371902 363912 350926
      344932 337938 330945 323951 301962 300981 289997 287001
      287006 289010 293012 300013 306011 314003 321997 329990
      361974 372968 377965 384965 390965 394962 401954 404950
      407945 412937 423924 432915 436911 439904 442893 444887
      447882 452873 457865 459859 460853 462842 463834 463823
      462805 463791 462785 462777 463762 464750 466726 471706
 0.25 459242 458241 456241 454241 452242 450244 448246 450247
      451247 453246 455246 457245 458244 459242 459242
 0.25 408058 409054 406051 402052 398055 395062 392066 389067
      387070 387075 389077 392079 395078 398074 401069 405063
      408058
 0.25 382078 381074 380069 378064 375062 370060 365061 366066
      369070 372073 374076 377080 381081 382078
 0.25 370055 370054 368053 368054 368055 370055 370055
 0.25 265072 265068 264066 262063 260061 257061 255061 251062
      250065 251069 252071 254072 257073 260074 262074 265072
 0.25 252842 250838 249833 249831 248827 246823 243819 241820
      241825 242829 244833 247835 249841 252843 252842
 0.25 251002 251001 250000 249999 247998 246996 244996 242995
      240995 240996 241998 242999 243000 244001 245002 246002
      247002 249003 251002 251002
 0.50 460714 459708 454706 443709 440712 439716 439723 437726
      439734 439739 436741 433744 432747 431752 431759 430773
      428784 423802 418818 412835 404855 397870 381895 375904
      369911 359923 349932 337942 323954 316958 312960 310962
      310966 311969 312973 310976 302987 296995 295000 297003
      298007 303007 308001 319991 330983 339978 347975 362969
      373962 380958 388955 392958 395954 400946 405939 409931
      414924 419918 427908 433900 437889 440880 444873 447866
      450858 454840 456826 457812 458789 457768 459746 459734
      459726 460714
 0.50 376069 375066 373066 372066 373067 374068 374070 376069
 1.00 451757 452751 450745 447743 442743 438745 437748 434755
      433770 432780 431788 422823 417836 411849 404865 397877
      383900 374913 365922 346938 335949 325957 323960 323965
      320970 317976 314979 308986 307991 310992 319984 329976
      339970 346967 354965 360964 366961 376955 384945 388938
      391936 394936 395939 398937 402931 402925 406921 414912
      424898 431886 436872 441858 446840 448832 449823 451807
      450785 450767 451757
 1.50 445766 445754 443750 441750 438755 436763 434780 433792
      428810 428817 428823 426825 423830 421836 416847 403872
      391892 383906 376916 369924 366927 361931 354934 349939
      341947 334954 328965 324971 324974 326974 328971 333969
      338965 347959 357954 364952 366956 371953 375950 381939
      386929 394916 401906 405909 410908 414905 417900 422893
      425887 431875 435864 439849 443831 445816 446807 444799
      444790 445782 445766
 1.50 324975 323973 321975 321976 323976 324975
 2.00 440774 441772 440769 439770 438770 437772 437775 437777
      437779 439779 440777 440774 440774
 2.00 441813 441810 441808 440806 440804 439803 438802 436802
      434803 433804 433805 432807 431809 431812 431814 432816
      434818 435818 435819 437818 439818 440815 440814 441813
 2.00 437837 415853 400883 384911 377919 373925 368932 363935
      358936 353938 348943 343947 337953 335956 338960 345956
      350952 357949 361946 364942 367939 370941 376938 380934
      398906 408891 410889 415888 417889 420888 423884 426880
      429871 431864 433854 435842 437837

24HR QP VT 22/00Z
 0.01 397304 401304 405305 411305 417304 421298 427266 434266
      439265 453265 459264 463264 466265 468268 471269 474267
      477263 478259 479249 478245 477239 479228 477221 476213
      475206 472201 464197 459192 455187 453184 452179 454169
      457163 460155 460152 462149 464149 474159 477157 478153
      475146 470143 467142 465139 467138 465124 465119 462118
      457122 454128 453134 451136 448138 444136 440136 438136
      436139 433145 433150 434154 437160 441166 441170 439172
      431182 423174 419173 418177 415185 412188 411191 410194
      409199 408202 410204 414210 417212 417217 416225 416231
      416236 411241 409244 405245 398245 390243 383241 376238
      373236 366239 362245 359250 358255 359259 362265 365269
      373280 377286 380292 385298 389302
 0.01 533747 532729 531723 529717 526705 522694 517683 513675
      508666 503659 495648 489641 484638 478633 474631 471632
      467631 462633 457632 453629 447635 444644 441655 442666
      442672 443679 445695 444699 444706 440714 438719 434722
      431725 425727 422732 428736 432735 436736 434740 431742
      421744 418745 415748 408768 405778 403783 400785 393791
      387792 382791 375794 368799 346818 332829 330834 330838
      330842 333846 329849 324850 318851 315853 309858 304865
      299872 297877 298883 306882 313875 318870 327866 334865
      332872 309894 306894 304892 300890 296889 294891 291893
      288897 283903 279908 276913 273916 274940 270955 270961
      272964 275965 277968 278973 277976 271983 264988 253988
      245986 242985 240989 240996 242998 246005 249015 250020
      254023 259029 267032 272033 277032 284033 287031 297022
      300021 304022 310024 315023 318020 322019 324020 325022
      328025 332025 337024 341024 349021 357016 362009 369001
      377987 382973 384969 381967 376971 364982 356987 348991
      343993 340995 335001 330010 328011 328008 327004 325994
      327983 332977 341972 355962 366953 377943 383936 388931
      395924 400918 410903 416895 422888 431873 435866 438861
      441858 447853 452846 460832 466827 468824 472826 478827
      482829 485829 488832 496852 500862 503866 505871 507875
      509872 515866 521860 526853 526839 526833 526829 526814
      525808 526802 526788 528777 530768 531761 533747
 0.01 466142 465139 463139 462139 460138 458140 459143 461143
      463144 465144 466142
 0.01 450112 449109 449104 452100 450097 446098 443100 439100
      437105 438110 440113 443116 447114 450112 450112
 0.01 410045 410039 408037 406035 401035 398036 394036 389038
      383044 381051 382055 384058 390058 393057 397055 402051
      408047 410045
 0.01 388075 387070 385067 382066 377062 372059 368060 364061
      362063 359067 357069 358071 362072 364074 367074 369073
      372074 379074 387075 388075
 0.01 288808 285804 282802 275798 268795 262795 258794 256791
      252792 250796 247798 244802 243807 244809 249810 258806
      262804 267804 274806 283808 288808
 0.25 510721 509710 508701 506692 504685 499672 497665 494659
      492655 488653 481649 478649 474651 471654 468659 466665
      463677 459689 456701 454708 451713 446722 445729 445735
      444741 442746 436756 434763 433770 432778 431782 427787
      422791 417800 411807 407808 402807 398811 396816 392826
      386836 382841 378844 368850 363852 360856 354866 349874
      338890 331898 324905 317911 307918 302920 297923 293932
      290941 288947 288954 287962 286968 283981 283990 284997
      290005 293008 298011 307015 310015 313012 316998 318992
      320987 327978 334970 342964 356953 364946 371938 386923
      400907 406899 413889 423872 433851 443829 448820 452806
      458786 467762 472750 478742 482737 486734 487742 490747
      494747 499746 502742 505737 508727 510721
 0.25 465219 464216 462213 458212 451211 447214 443219 440224
      438229 444229 447230 450229 454228 459225 464221 465219
 0.25 453243 453239 451238 447239 444240 441237 438233 437235
      434240 433243 434247 437249 441247 444247 448246 452244
      453243
 0.25 357832 358828 356825 352825 350826 347829 346831 345834
      345838 346841 350840 352838 353836 355835 357832
 0.50 491680 490672 489667 486663 484661 480663 478668 478673
      479681 480688 481693 484694 486692 489688 491685 491680
 0.50 483713 482710 482708 481707 480707 478709 477709 477710
      476712 476715 476717 477719 478719 479719 481717 482716
      482715 483713
 0.50 454762 453755 451751 450751 447755 442771 439779 437786
      435788 431790 426796 422803 418811 415817 412821 409823
      398831 393836 388842 350886 340898 331910 321920 310926
      304931 301935 301939 301945 300950 297957 293964 290970
      288977 287981 287987 291994 296999 300005 303008 307007
      313994 322982 332970 343960 355952 364943 402899 407893
      411887 419872 426857 431843 434834 437826 440819 444811
      451777 454762
 1.00 424841 423836 421836 417838 409844 401850 394854 386861
      382864 376866 370872 365878 351895 340908 316937 305954
      299963 296970 294976 294981 296987 301989 306992 310989
      316984 328968 335962 343958 351952 359945 366938 371932
      384916 389908 394900 401893 408886 413877 417868 424841
 1.50 414870 412858 412854 410854 408857 403858 398859 392863
      380875 377873 373873 368880 347906 325932 314945 309952
      305959 300967 299972 299977 301981 304983 308984 312982
      318977 324970 330964 336960 363939 374925 384912 391894
      395891 397890 402887 410878 414870
 2.00 405873 404873 403873 402874 401876 400877 400878 399880
      400881 401880 402879 403878 404877 405875 405874 405873
 2.00 392879 391876 388879 383886 381889 380893 376898 369901
      366903 365900 369896 372892 368891 363892 358898 355905
      349909 344915 334926 325937 316947 310954 307960 304964
      303969 304974 305977 310979 314977 320973 330962 335958
      341954 352945 355941 358940 361938 364934 366927 371920
      380907 383900 383895 389886 392879
 3.00 354916 351916 348918 344921 339926 335931 327940 322944
      317949 314954 310959 308967 310971 318971 322967 331958
      335953 341951 344949 345946 345943 346941 350935 352930
      352920 354916
 4.00 341941 342930 340931 338934 337938 334941 328945 323948
      318954 314960 314963 316965 319964 322962 327958 332953
      337948 341942 341941
 5.00 333949 332948 330948 328949 328950 327951 326952 325954
      323955 321956 320958 321958 322958 323957 325956 327956
      328954 329954 330952 331952 332950 333949

24HR QP VT 23/00Z
 0.01 457625 459636 459641 456648 454656 455675 454689 451696
      447700 442706 440709 440714 441722 441728 439731 435734
      431741 429750 425764 424774 422782 414807 412814 410825
      408841 408847 407851 406856 403860 399867 395876 385904
      379915 373924 375931 379936 381939 384938 389933 398929
      400926 403924 407924 410926 416931 420934 423929 426923
      429921 433921 438921 443924 447930 449935 456949 459957
      461961 461966 462969 461975 460981 459988 455994 450998
      444002 439005 435010 433012 428012 423012 421020 418024
      411024 408022 404021 401020 399016 396010 393007 389006
      385004 381006 376008 361016 349022 343024 336025 330026
      324027 319026 315022 312019 310022 305023 289019 281016
      275013 269009 266005 265003 268989 269978 271972 273966
      276961 279956 281953 279950 278945 280941 286935 294931
      297924 302909 307897 312886 323876 330869 333863 335856
      339842 342825 345818 349811 354804 357797 360789 361783
      364775 365766 365764 369763 369758 369752 370745 369738
      370718 375704 380702 384712 390730 393733 396733 401734
      407738 409739 411734 414722 417709 438643 445629
 0.01 519239 520231 519225 516210 515206 512202 510197 507198
      504197 502194 497191 491191 486194 478202 474207 475210
      477210 482210 485213 488219 487224 485226 480225 476225
      467226 456216 451212 445211 443212 440209 437206 433201
      429199 423196 423193 425191 432184 446174 450172 453172
      455174 459178 458172 457169 459165 462159 462148 461141
      460134 457130 453130 448133 445136 442136 440134 439129
      439122 440117 443111 444109 447107 451105 455100 454096
      452093 447091 441091 434097 429100 423099 418098 414096
      410096 404097 384106 380112 377117 377121 378123 382126
      400119 404123 407125 412133 413136 410138 408139 404139
      396143 392147 388151 386154 386159 388165 396171 404173
      406173 408176 407183 407187 404191 397194 393197 391199
      390197 387194 382191 378187 374189 375191 378193 380197
      384200 390202 392207 396210 401210 404210 407213 410214
      408220 405225 400232 396238 394244 391262 390269 395271
      403268 409266 415268 418268 423266 431268 431271 434272
      439271 448268 451267 453269 451279 452283 452287 455290
      458291 466287 473277 477270 484263 488260 491259 494262
      497265 499270 504274 507275 509273 510268 509263 507256
      519239
 0.01 422076 421071 417069 415063 414059 412058 407058 402057
      401048 397048 393051 391047 388046 386043 383042 375046
      369047 363048 358049 355051 353054 353058 354064 353069
      353074 352080 349086 349093 351097 355100 360098 362095
      363089 365086 369087 373090 380095 391092 395090 398087
      401083 406080 414079 420079 422076
 0.01 335185 337176 336174 336169 338168 336165 331163 323162
      319164 315168 314171 316174 317179 319182 322183 327179
      330180 332182 335185
 0.25 449252 450249 449247 445244 437247 435243 435237 433233
      429230 423236 417242 416245 416248 417250 426251 434249
      440255 441256 445255 449252
 0.25 412788 412776 411769 410765 406766 403768 397772 391776
      384782 374801 371808 369812 366815 361820 358825 356829
      357832 352840 349851 348857 351861 335884 330891 325898
      318903 315907 313911 310919 307928 305936 302943 293956
      283973 280981 281986 284988 291986 297982 302977 309972
      317968 326963 330962 332965 331973 329982 325986 318990
      315993 314999 319002 325003 331003 337002 348993 351991
      352987 351984 353981 358976 360975 362976 366979 370980
      375978 381977 386977 390975 392972 395963 395959 391958
      384960 378964 369963 364960 361956 359944 358933 359928
      361924 367910 386877 393863 396855 399848 401837 403828
      405816 408805 411797 412788
 0.25 397076 397073 396074 394074 393073 392072 391073 390075
      390077 390079 390080 390082 391082 392082 393082 395080
      395079 396078 397076 397076
 0.25 388072 387070 383068 380065 377059 374058 370058 364061
      361064 359066 362069 365069 367071 370076 376080 380076
      385074 388072
 0.25 383056 383054 381053 379053 377052 376052 374053 374055
      375057 377057 379057 381058 382058 383056
 0.50 407789 405784 402781 397786 391796 383806 378827 372836
      368841 363843 358845 357848 358852 364852 362858 360862
      354873 345879 340886 337891 333896 326904 324908 319910
      314918 313924 313932 312938 308944 303953 302958 303964
      308964 313963 323957 337947 346939 352930 373891 382873
      388863 391858 393851 396840 399830 400822 400814 401807
      404801 406796 407789
 1.00 390842 391838 389834 385833 381837 379843 373853 366865
      360872 352883 345890 338900 332909 326919 326927 328932
      332938 335938 338936 345929 348923 351916 356907 363896
      369888 375875 386854 388849 390842
 1.50 365885 366878 364876 361879 358883 356886 354890 351894
      351898 356896 359894 362891 364887 365885

$$





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