Drought Information Statement
Issued by NWS Reno, NV

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NVZ001>041-CAZ070>073-CAZ519>527-260000-

DROUGHT INFORMATION STATEMENT
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE RENO NV
100 PM PDT MARCH 20 2014

...DROUGHT STATEMENT FOR NEVADA AND EASTERN CALIFORNIA...

...SEVERE TO EXCEPTIONAL DROUGHT CONDITIONS IN MOST OF NEVADA AND
EASTERN CALIFORNIA...

1/ NEVADA AND EASTERN CALIFORNIA DROUGHT DISASTER DESIGNATIONS...AS
OF MARCH 5 2014...ALL COUNTIES IN NEVADA AND ALL CALIFORNIA COUNTIES
ALONG THE NEVADA BORDER WERE DESIGNATED AS PRIMARY NATURAL DROUGHT
DISASTER AREAS BY THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
/USDA/.

ON JANUARY 17 2014 GOV. JERRY BROWN OF CALIFORNIA PROCLAIMED A
DROUGHT EMERGENCY FOR THE ENTIRE STATE OF CALIFORNIA. THIS WILL
ALLOW THE STATE TO SEEK FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE AND OTHER RELATED HELP
FROM THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT. THE PROCLAMATION ALSO ALLOWS THE STATE
TO REQUEST A BROAD EMERGENCY DECLARATION FROM PRESIDENT OBAMA. AN
EMERGENCY DECLARATION WOULD PROVIDE FOR ADDITIONAL ASSISTANCE FROM
THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT.

SEE WWW.USDA.GOV/DROUGHT /IN LOWER CASE/ FOR MORE INFORMATION ON
DROUGHT DISASTER DECLARATIONS AND ASSISTANCE.

2/ CURRENT DROUGHT INTENSITY IN NEVADA AND EASTERN CALIFORNIA...
THE U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR /DROUGHTMONITOR.UNL.EDU/ IS UPDATED WEEKLY
BY THE NATIONAL DROUGHT MITIGATION CENTER. IT IS A SYNTHESIS OF
MULTIPLE DROUGHT INDICES AND IMPACTS THAT REPRESENTS A CONSENSUS OF
SCIENTISTS IN MANY FEDERAL...STATE AND LOCAL AGENCIES...AS WELL AS
THOSE IN PRIVATE INDUSTRY.

THE DROUGHT MONITOR IS USED BY THE USDA TO DETERMINE DROUGHT
SEVERITY...TO DECLARE DROUGHT DISASTER AND IS THE MECHANISM USED TO
PROVIDE AID TO THE AGRICULTURAL COMMUNITY. IT IS ALSO THE PRIMARY
TOOL USED BY THE NEVADA DEPARTMENTS OF EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AND
WATER RESOURCES TO RESPOND TO AND PROVIDE ASSISTANCE FOR DROUGHT AND
MITIGATE DROUGHT IMPACTS THROUGH ITS DROUGHT RESPONSE PLAN.

AS OF MARCH 20 2014...THE U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR CLASSIFIED MOST OF
NEVADA AND CALIFORNIA AS IN SEVERE DROUGHT /LEVEL 2 OF 4 LEVELS OF
DROUGHT/ OR GREATER. THE AREA HARDEST HIT BY THE CURRENT DROUGHT
REMAINS NORTH CENTRAL...NORTHWEST AND WESTERN NEVADA AND CENTRAL AND
NORTHEAST CALIFORNIA WHERE DROUGHT SEVERITY RANGES FROM SEVERE
/LEVEL 2/ TO EXCEPTIONAL /LEVEL 4/.

THIS AREA OF EXTREME TO EXCEPTIONAL DROUGHT IN NEVADA INCLUDED ALL
OR PORTIONS OF THE FOLLOWING COUNTIES...

CARSON CITY...CHURCHILL...DOUGLAS...ELKO...EUREKA...HUMBOLDT...
LANDER...LYON...MINERAL...NYE...PERSHING...STOREY AND WASHOE.

THE HARDEST HIT AREAS OF DROUGHT...WHERE IT IS CLASSIFIED AS
EXCEPTIONAL...ARE SOUTHEAST AND SOUTH CENTRAL PERSHING...CENTRAL
CHURCHILL AND WESTERN LANDER COUNTIES.

THE AREAS LEAST AFFECTED BY DROUGHT IN NEVADA INCLUDED SOUTHEAST
ELKO...EASTERN WHITE PINE...CENTRAL LINCOLN CENTRAL NYE COUNTIES...
AND MUCH OF CLARK COUNTY...WHICH WERE CLASSIFIED AS IN MODERATE
DROUGHT /DROUGHT LEVEL 1/. A SMALL PART OF SOUTHERN CLARK COUNTY WAS
ONLY CLASSIFIED AS ABNORMALLY DRY.

DROUGHT SEVERITY WAS CLASSIFIED AS EXTREME FOR ALL CALIFORNIA
COUNTIES BORDERING NEVADA FROM MODOC SOUTH TO WESTERN
INYO...INCLUDING THOSE PORTIONS OF THE LAKE TAHOE BASIN EAST OF THE
SIERRA CREST. WEST OF THE SIERRA CREST NEAR THE LAKE TAHOE BASIN
PRECIPITATION IN FEBRUARY WAS SUFFICIENT TO LOWER THE DROUGHT
CLASSIFICATION TO SEVERE. EASTERN INYO AND A SMALL PART OF SOUTHEAST
MONO COUNTY WERE CLASSIFIED AS HAVING SEVERE DROUGHT. MUCH OF SAN
BERNARDINO COUNTY WAS CLASSIFIED AS HAVING SEVERE DROUGHT...WITH THE
EXCEPTION OF THE EXTREME EASTERN PORTION OF THE COUNTY...WHICH WAS
CLASSIFIED AS ABNORMALLY DRY.

3/ SYNOPSIS...
NEAR RECORD TO RECORD DRYNESS HAS PREVAILED OVER MUCH OF
CALIFORNIA AND NEVADA SINCE JANUARY 2013. OVER THE LAST 12
MONTHS...SINCE MARCH 2013...PRECIPITATION HAS BEEN BELOW NORMAL FOR
ALL BUT SMALL PORTIONS OF NORTH CENTRAL AND EASTERN NEVADA AND ALL
BUT THE FAR SOUTHEASTERN PORTION OF CALIFORNIA. MUCH OF EASTERN
CALIFORNIA AND WESTERN NEVADA REMAINS AT 60 PERCENT OR LESS OF
NORMAL FOR THE PERIOD...EVEN WITH A WET FEBRUARY ACROSS MUCH OF THE
REGION.

/SEE:HTTP://WWW.WRCC.DRI.EDU/WWDT/ARCHIVE.PHP?FOLDER=PON6PER/

THE DRIEST AREAS...THOSE THAT HAVE HAD LESS THAN 45 PERCENT OF
NORMAL PRECIPITATION SINCE MARCH...INCLUDE WESTERN LASSEN...CENTRAL
PLUMAS AND WESTERN MONO COUNTIES IN CALIFORNIA...AND PARTS OF
SOUTHERN WASHOE AND WESTERN PERSHING...ALONG WITH WESTERN CLARK
COUNTIES IN NEVADA.

THE ONLY NEAR OR ABOVE NORMAL AREAS DURING THIS TIME INCLUDES PARTS
OF SOUTHEAST HUMBOLDT...CENTRAL LYON...SOUTHEAST ELKO...EASTERN
WHITE PINE...NORTHERN CLARK AND WESTERN LINCOLN COUNTIES IN NEVADA. A
SMALL PART OF SOUTHERN INYO COUNTY WAS NEAR NORMAL IN EASTERN
CALIFORNIA.

4/ DROUGHT IMPACTS...
THIS IS THE THIRD WINTER WITH BELOW NORMAL PRECIPITATION FOR MUCH OF
THE AREA. THE FOLLOWING IMPACTS...WHILE NOT ALL INCLUSIVE...
REPRESENT SOME OF THE MOST IMPACTFUL EFFECTS OF THE CONTINUING
DROUGHT ON THE REGION OVER THE THE LAST YEAR. AS WE GET INTO THE
IRRIGATION SEASON IN EARNEST...FURTHER DROUGHT IMPACTS ARE LIKELY TO
BE FELT OVER THE REGION.

A/ RANCHING...
MANY RANCHERS IN NEVADA AND EASTERN CALIFORNIA HAVE STRUGGLED TO
PROVIDE CATTLE WITH WATER...FEED AND OTHER NUTRIENTS. SOME HAULED
WATER AND FEED TO LIVESTOCK AS THEY WERE NOT AVAILABLE FROM NATURAL
SOURCES IN MANY AREAS. AS SURFACE WATER SOURCES DISAPPEARED...
SIGNIFICANT WATER SHORTAGES OCCURRED IN SOME AREAS. SOME RANCHERS
DECREASED HERD SIZE DUE TO THESE DROUGHT CONDITIONS. THERE IS
INTENSE COMPETITION BETWEEN WILDLIFE AND LIVESTOCK FOR WATER IN SOME
AREAS. A FEW RANCHERS IN THE HARDEST IMPACTED AREAS OF CENTRAL
NEVADA HAVE DECIDED TO SELL THEIR RANCHES DUE TO SEVERE ECONOMIC
LOSSES.

A NEVADA STATE LEGISLATIVE BILL /SB 134/ TO ALLOW NEVADA LIVESTOCK
OWNERS IN DROUGHT STRICKEN AREAS EMERGENCY ACCESS TO WATER WAS
PASSED BY THE NEVADA SENATE AND SIGNED INTO LAW BY THE GOVERNOR IN
MAY 2013. IT CREATED AN EMERGENCY WATER PERMITTING PROCESS WHICH IS
AVAILABLE WHEN STATE OR FEDERAL OFFICIALS DECLARE A DROUGHT
EMERGENCY. RANCHERS SHOULD CONTACT THE NEVADA DEPARTMENT OF WATER
RESOURCES FOR MORE INFORMATION AT HTTP://WATER.NV.GOV/ OR BY PHONE
AT 775-684-2800.

DUE TO THE DROUGHT DISASTER DESIGNATION THROUGHOUT ALL COUNTIES IN
THE REGION...RANCHERS HAVE BEEN ABLE TO OBTAIN VARIOUS FINANCIAL AND
TAX RELIEF THROUGH USDA. SEE THE USDA FARM SERVICES AGENCY WEBSITE
FOR DETAILS /WWW.FSA.USDA.GOV.

B/ AGRICULTURE...
FARMERS DID NOT RECEIVE A FULL ALLOCATION OF WATER LAST SUMMER.
FARMERS IN SOME AREAS WITHOUT ADEQUATE UPSTREAM RESERVOIR STORAGE
HAD SEVERE RESTRICTIONS IN WATER ALLOCATIONS. THIS CUT LED TO
DRASTIC REDUCTIONS IN CROP YIELDS AND RESULTING LOSS OF INCOME. SOME
FARMERS CHOSE NOT TO PLANT CROPS THIS OR NEXT SEASON.

HUMBOLDT RIVER BASIN...
THE NEVADA DIVISION OF WATER RESOURCES IN ELKO NEVADA REPORTED THAT
MOST IRRIGATORS ALONG THE HUMBOLDT RIVER ABOVE RYE PATCH RESERVOIR
WERE NOT SERVED ANY WATER DURING THE 2012 OR 2013 IRRIGATION
SEASONS. ABOVE RYE PATCH...THE HIGHEST WATER RIGHT PRIORITY THAT WAS
SERVED THIS YEAR WAS 1872...BUT EVEN SOME OF THESE HIGH PRIORITY
RIGHTS WERE NOT SERVED DUE TO VERY LOW FLOWS ON THE HUMBOLDT RIVER.

IRRIGATORS ON THE HUMBOLDT RIVER BELOW RYE PATCH DAM IN PERSHING
COUNTY RECEIVED ONLY 8 PERCENT OF THEIR NORMAL ALLOTMENT LAST
SEASON.

THE FIVE COUNTIES OF THE HUMBOLDT RIVER WATER AUTHORITY
/HUMBOLDT...ELKO...EUREKA...LANDER AND PERSHING/ HAVE REINFORCED THE
STATE OF NEVADA ACTION DECLARING A DROUGHT RESOLUTION THAT WOULD
ENCOURAGE NEVADA AND FEDERAL AGENCIES TO COORDINATE TO BEST HANDLE
DROUGHT IMPACTS IN THE HARD HIT AREAS.

IN DIAMOND VALLEY OF EUREKA COUNTY THERE WERE NOTICEABLE DECREASES
IN GROUND WATER LEVELS AS RECHARGE WAS NOT OCCURRING... AFFECTING
SURFACE WATER AND SPRINGS.

WALKER RIVER BASIN...
INITIAL STORAGE WATER ALLOCATIONS FOR THE WALKER RIVER BASIN WERE
ANNOUNCED ON MARCH 14, 2014. WELL BELOW AVERAGE STORAGE IN
BRIDGEPORT RESERVOIR AND TOPAZ LAKE ALONG WITH A BELOW AVERAGE SNOW
PACK IN THE UPPER PORTIONS OF THE WALKER BASIN RESULTED IN
ALLOCATIONS SET AT 9.5 PERCENT ON THE EAST WALKER RIVER AND 1.3
PERCENT ON THE WEST WALKER RIVER. THE WALKER RIVER IRRIGATION
DISTRICT WAS ENCOURAGING WATER RIGHTS HOLDER TO TAKE THEIR WATER AS
SOON AS POSSIBLE RATHER THAN WAIT LATER IN THE SEASON. SOME FARMERS
EXPRESSED CONCERN THAT SUCH LOW ALLOCATIONS MAY NOT JUSTIFY
DIVERTING THE WATER AS THEIR ALLOCATIONS MAY EVAPORATE BEFORE
REACHING THEM. RENO GAZETTE-JOURNAL, NV. MARCH 15, 2014.

CARSON RIVER BASIN...
THE UPPER CARSON RIVER BASIN...ABOVE LAHONTAN DAM...HAD VERY LOW
FLOWS LAST SEASON. MOST IRRIGATORS ONLY HAD WATER AVAILABLE DURING
SPRING RUNOFF...WHICH HAD ENDED BY EARLY JULY. FLOWS ON THE EAST
FORK CARSON RIVER FELL BELOW 100 CFS ON JULY 10TH.

BELOW LAHONTAN RESERVOIR...TRUCKEE CARSON IRRIGATION DISTRICT /TCID/
PROVIDED IRRIGATORS WITH ABOUT 75 PERCENT OF THEIR NORMAL ALLOTMENT
LAST YEAR. DELIVERIES TO MOST OF THE TCID AREA ENDED ON SEPTEMBER
10. THE END OF IRRIGATION SEASON AND DIVERSIONS FROM THE TRUCKEE
RIVER HAVE ALLOWED STORAGE TO SLOWLY INCREASE IN LAHONTAN RESERVOIR.

SOME AREAS BELOW LAHONTAN WERE NOT IN PRODUCTION LAST YEAR...AND
GRAZING IN THE AREA WAS IN RELATIVELY POOR SHAPE. TCID STATED THAT
AGRICULTURAL LOSSES IN THE AREA THIS YEAR WERE SUBSTANTIAL.
MUNICIPAL WATER SUPPLY FOR FALLON WAS GOOD.

TRUCKEE RIVER BASIN...
NO RESTRICTIONS WERE IN PLACE FOR IRRIGATORS OR ANY OTHER USES ON
THE MAINSTEM TRUCKEE RIVER LAST YEAR...OTHER THAN NORMAL URBAN
WATERING RESTRICTIONS.

HOWEVER...IRRIGATORS WHICH RELIED ON FLOWS ON TRUCKEE RIVER
TRIBUTARIES WITHOUT RESERVOIR STORAGE...SUCH AS ON THE STEAMBOAT
CREEK-WASHOE LAKE BASIN...ONLY HAD WATER AVAILABLE FOR A SHORT
PERIOD DURING SPRING RUNOFF.

DUE TO THE DROUGHT DISASTER DESIGNATION THROUGHOUT ALL COUNTIES IN
THE REGION...FARMERS MAY BE ABLE TO OBTAIN VARIOUS FINANCIAL AND TAX
RELIEF THROUGH USDA.  SEE THE USDA FARM SERVICES AGENCY WEBSITE FOR
DETAILS /WWW.FSA.USDA.GOV.

FARMERS AND RANCHERS IN CALIFORNIA WERE OFFERED 20 MILLION DOLLARS
IN AID BY THE USDA FOR WATER CONSERVATION PROJECTS. THESE INCLUDED
SUCH PROJECTS AS UPDATING IRRIGATION METHODS...PREVENTING EROSION
FROM UNPLANTED FIELDS AND FIGURING OUT BETTER METHODS TO WATER
LIVESTOCK. FARMERS WHO RECEIVE LESS THAN 15 PERCENT OF THEIR WATER
ALLOCATIONS WILL BE GIVEN PRIORITY. FROM SACRAMENTO BEE, FEB 15,
2014.

C/ FIRE DANGER...
PRECIPITATION THROUGHOUT FEBRUARY LEAD TO A REDUCTION IN FIRE
DANGER ACROSS MOST OF THE REGION. AS OF MARCH 15, 2014 FIRE DANGER
WAS RATED AS HIGH ACROSS MUCH OF SAN BERNARDINO COUNTY...BUT LOW TO
MODERATE IN THE REMAINDER OF THE REGION. FIRE DANGER RATINGS IN
WINTER CAN VARY FROM DAY TO DAY DEPENDING ON CURRENT
HUMIDITY...TEMPERATURE AND WINDS.

FIRE DANGER CLASSIFICATION IS UPDATED DAILY.
SEE HTTP://WWW.WFAS.NET/IMAGES/FIREDANGER/FD_CLASS.PNG FOR CURRENT
CONDITIONS.

AS OF MARCH 1...THE NIFC FIRE POTENTIAL FORECAST FOR THE REGION WAS
NORMAL THROUGH APRIL WITH THE EXCEPTION OF THE SIERRA SOUTH OF THE
TAHOE BASIN WHERE FIRE POTENTIAL WAS ABOVE NORMAL. FOR MAY AND JUNE
THE FIRE POTENTIAL WAS FORECAST AS ABOVE NORMAL FOR MUCH OF THE
SIERRA AND NEAR NORMAL ELSEWHERE.

SEE U.S. FOREST SERVICE WILDLAND FIRE ASSESSMENT SYSTEM WEBSITE FOR
DETAILS...HTTP://WWW.PREDICTIVESERVICES.NIFC.GOV/OUTLOOKS/MONTHLY_
SEASONAL_OUTLOOK.PDF.

THE CENTRAL LYON COUNTY FIRE PROTECTION DISTRICT IS ENCOURAGING
RESIDENTS IN LYON COUNTY NV TO ESTABLISH AND MAINTAIN DEFENSIBLE
SPACE AROUND THEIR PROPERTIES AND PRACTICE SAFETY IN THE WILDERNESS
AND WITH CAMP FIRES DURING THE DRY CONDITIONS. FROM RENO
GAZETTE-JOURNAL, NV, MARCH 12, 2014.

D/ FISHERIES...
LOW FLOWS CONTINUE TO IMPACT FISHERIES AROUND THE REGION.

NEVADA DIVISION OF FISH AND WILDLIFE REPORTED HIGH IMPACTS TO FISH
IN LAHONTAN...RYE PATCH...AND OTHER RESERVOIRS THAT ARE SEVERELY
DRAWN DOWN. THE CARSON...WALKER...HUMBOLDT AND SEVERAL OTHER RIVERS
AND STREAMS THROUGHOUT THE REGION HAVE ALSO BEEN IMPACTED.

DROUGHT CONDITIONS PROMPTED THE NEVADA DEPARTMENT OF FISH AND
WILDLIFE TO BEGIN STOCKING RIVERS...STREAMS AND LAKES IN WESTERN
NEVADA EARLIER THAN IT HAS IN THE LAST 20 YEARS BEFORE THESE WATER
BODIES BECOME TOO DEPLETED. THE STOCKING OF RAINBOW TROUT BEGAN ON
THE TRUCKEE RIVER AS EARLY AS FEB 20...FOUR WEEKS EARLY.
TOPAZ...SPOONER AND MARLETTE LAKES...URBAN PONDS AROUND
RENO...CARSON CITY AND GARDNERVILLE AND IN PARTS OF NORTHERN WASHOE
COUNTY...WALL CANYON AND BOULDER RESERVOIRS WILL RECEIVE FISH EARLY
THIS YEAR. WARM WATER FISH LIKE CATFISH...BASS AND WALLEYE ARE NOT
EXPECTED TO SURVIVE AT RYE PATCH AND LAHONTAN RESERVOIRS WHERE WATER
LEVELS ARE LOW. FROM RENO GAZETTE-JOURNAL, NV, FEB 12, 2014.

SEE THE NEVADA DEPARTMENT OF WILDLIFE WEBSITE /HTTP://WWW.NDOW.ORG/
FOR FISHING CONDITION INFORMATION IN NEVADA.  FOR CALIFORNIA FISHING
INFORMATION...SEE THE CALIFORNIA DEPARTMENT OF FISH AND WILDLIFE
WEBSITE /HTTP://WWW.DFG.CA.GOV/

E/ VEGETATION AND WILDLIFE...
IN FORESTED AREAS...DROUGHT HAS CAUSED TREES TO BECOME SUSCEPTIBLE
TO INSECT INFESTATIONS WHICH COULD INCREASE MORTALITY AND FIRE
DANGER. LESS VEGETATION AND WATER MAY STRESS WILDLIFE CAUSING
DEHYDRATION...HUNGER...ILLNESS AND DEATH.

THE RENO URBAN FORESTRY COMMISSION REPORTED TREES UNDER DURESS FROM
THE UNUSUALLY DRY CONDITIONS IN EARLY MARCH. THE COMMISSION IS URGING
RESIDENTS TO WATER MATURE TREES TO HELP THEM SURVIVE THE DROUGHT.
THE COMMISSION NOTED AN INCREASE IN TREE DEATHS DURING THE LAST TWO
YEARS DUE TO DRY CONDITIONS AND INADEQUATE WATER. FROM KRXI CHANNEL
11, RENO, NV., MARCH 10, 2014.

BEAR ACTIVITY INCREASED EARLY THIS PAST FALL FROM LAKE TAHOE
SOUTHEAST TO TOPAZ LAKE AND INTO THE FOOTHILLS OF THE EASTERN SIERRA
NEAR RENO AND CARSON CITY AS THE BEARS TRIED TO FATTEN UP BEFORE
WINTER HIBERNATION. BEARS ENCROACHED INTO RESIDENTIAL AREAS MORE
THAN USUAL THIS PAST YEAR TO FEAST ON GARBAGE AND OTHER
HUMAN-RELATED FOOD SOURCES BECAUSE DROUGHT DECIMATED THE BEARS USUAL
FOODS. /FROM RENO GAZETTE-JOURNAL NV...SEPT. 26, 2013./ ALSO...BEARS
WERE CAUGHT...TRANQUILIZED AND RELOCATED IN AN AROUND CARSON ON
OCTOBER 19...20 AND 25. NEVADA STATE BIOLOGISTS STATE THIS MAY TURN
OUT TO BE ONE OF THE MOST ACTIVE YEARS ON RECORD FOR NUISANCE BLACK
BEAR CALLS. /FROM RENO GAZETTE-JOURNAL...OCT. 28, 2013./

WARMER WEATHER IN THE SIERRA EARLIER IN THE YEAR PROMPTED SOME BEARS
TO EMERGE FROM HIBERNATION EARLY...BUT THE DROUGHT HAS LIMITED THEIR
NATURAL FOOD SOURCES. THERE IS A CONCERN THIS WOULD LEAD BEARS TO
SEARCH OUT TRASH AND OTHER RESIDENTIAL SOURCES OF FOOD. FROM CBS13,
SACRAMENTO, CA, JAN 21, 2014.

F/ GROUND WATER...
HIGH EMPHASIS WAS PLACED ON GROUND WATER SUPPLIES IN SOME AREAS AS
SURFACE WATER DWINDLED LAST SUMMER...CAUSING INCREASED GROUND
WATER PUMPING. WATER TABLES DECLINED IN SOME AREAS...AND SOME WELLS
WERE IMPACTED AND WILL NEED TO BE DEEPENED. HOWEVER...WITH COOLER
WEATHER AND THE END OF THE GROWING AND IRRIGATION SEASON...WATER
TABLES WILL HAVE A CHANCE TO RECOVER.

G/ URBAN AREA DROUGHT IMPACTS...
RENO/SPARKS...
THE TRUCKEE MEADOWS WATER AUTHORITY /TMWA/ SERVING THE RENO AND
SPARKS NV AREA...HAD SURFACE AND GROUND WATER RESOURCES AVAILABLE TO
MEET ALL CONSUMER DEMANDS LAST YEAR. THEY CONTINUED TO ENFORCE THEIR
OUTDOOR WATERING SCHEDULE AS IN PAST YEARS...THOUGH THESE
RESTRICTIONS WERE EASED AFTER LABOR DAY AS RESIDENTIAL WATERING
NEEDS LESSEN. SEE WWW.TMWA.COM/CONSERVATION FOR DETAILS.

LAS VEGAS...
THE SOUTHERN NEVADA WATER AUTHORITY /SNWA/ AND THE LAS VEGAS VALLEY
WATER DISTRICT /LVVWD/ HAS SPRING WATERING RESTRICTIONS IN PLACE
THROUGH APRIL 30TH...LIMITING LANDSCAPE WATERING TO THREE ASSIGNED
DAYS PER WEEK. BOTH SNWA AND LVVWD HAD ADEQUATE SURFACE AND GROUND
WATER RESOURCES TO MEET ALL CONSUMER DEMANDS LAST YEAR. SEE
WWW.SNWA.COM OR WWW.LVVWD.COM FOR DETAILS.

SNWA APPROVED A PROJECT TO EXTEND THE LIFE OF AN OLD SHALLOW INTAKE
PIPE AND PUMPING STATION THAT THE LAS VEGAS COMMUNITY NOW USES TO
DRAW ABOUT 90 PERCENT OF ITS DRINKING WATER SUPPLY FROM LAKE MEAD.
OFFICIALS DECLARED THE PROJECT TO BE AN EMERGENCY IN SEPTEMBER
BECAUSE THE U.S. BUREAU OF RECLAMATION ANNOUNCED IN AUGUST THAT THE
INFLOW TO LAKE MEAD IN 2014 WILL BE THE SMALLEST ANNUAL WATER
DELIVERY IN THE LAKE`S HISTORY. FROM LAS VEGAS REVIEW-JOURNAL NV.
SEPT. 26, 2013.

THE EMERGENCY DROUGHT DECLARATION MADE BY CALIFORNIA GOV JERRY BROWN
ON JAN 17, 2014 ALLOWS THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA TO TAKE MORE WATER
FROM LAKE MEAD. THIS COULD LEAD TO WATER RESTRICTIONS IN THE LAS
VEGAS VALLEY BY 2015. ONCE THE LAKE DROPS TO A LEVEL OF 1075 FEET
SNWA CAN DECLARE A WATER SHORTAGE.

TO ALLEVIATE THE PROBLEM OF A LOWER LAKE LEVEL...SNWA IS
CONSTRUCTING A THIRD INTAKE PIPE THAT SITS DEEPER IN LAKE MEAD. IF
THIS INTAKE IS NOT COMPLETED PRIOR TO THE FIRST INTAKE BECOMING
OBSOLETE...OFFICIALS SAY SOUTHERN NEVADA COULD FACE SIGNIFICANT
PROBLEMS. POWER GENERATION COULD ALSO BE AFFECTED BY THE LOWERING
LAKE LEVEL. FROM KLAS, LAS VEGAS, NV, JAN 26, 2014.

H/ TOURISM AND RECREATION IMPACTS...
LOWER WATER LEVELS ON LAKE TAHOE PROMPTED ONE TOUR BOAT OPERATOR TO
SUSPEND THE OPERATIONS OF ONE OF ITS TWO BOATS DUE TO SHALLOW WATER
IN ITS DOCKING AREA. THE COMPANY`S OTHER BOAT DOCKS AT A DEEPER
PORTION OF THE LAKE...BUT IT HAS HAD TO END TOURS OF EMERALD BAY DUE
TO SHALLOW WATERS AT THE ENTRANCE OF THE BAY. WHILE THE DRY WEATHER
AND LOWER LAKE LEVELS MAY BE LIMITING THE EXTENT OF TOURS...THE TOUR
BOAT OPERATOR REPORTS HIGH CAPACITY EACH DAY DUE TO THE MILD
CONDITIONS...AND RUNNING ONLY ONE OF TWO BOATS HAS REDUCED LABOR
COSTS. A SEPARATE TOUR COMPANY THAT USES A SMALLER BOAT CAN STILL
ENTER EMERALD BAY. FROM KTVN NEWS 2 RENO, NV. JAN. JAN 14, 2014.

SNOW IN THE EARLY PART OF FEBRUARY DID ALLEVIATE SOME CONCERNS IN
THE RECREATIONAL COMMUNITY AROUND LAKE TAHOE AS SKI RESORTS WERE
ABLE TO OPEN MORE RUNS. REPORTED BY NUMEROUS OUTLETS. MOST RECENTLY
REPORTED BY THE SAN FRANCISCO, CA, CHRONICLE, FEB 13, 2014.

5/ HYDROLOGIC CONDITIONS AS OF MARCH 20 2014...

STREAMFLOW IS EXPECTED TO BE WELL BELOW AVERAGE LATE THIS WINTER AND
INTO SPRING REGION-WIDE DUE TO BELOW NORMAL WINTER PRECIPITATION AND
SNOWFALL.

A/ SUSAN RIVER...
ON MARCH 20...FLOWS ON THE SUSAN RIVER AT SUSANVILLE WERE ABOUT
48 CUBIC FEET PER SECOND /CFS/...OR 35 PERCENT OF THE AVERAGE FLOW OF
138 CFS FOR THIS DATE.

B/ PIT RIVER...
ON MARCH 20...FLOWS NEAR CANBY CALIFORNIA...WERE ABOUT 21 CFS...
OR ABOUT 4 PERCENT OF THE AVERAGE FLOW OF 495 CFS FOR THIS DATE.

C/ UPPER FEATHER RIVER...
ON MARCH 20...FLOWS ON THE MIDDLE FORK FEATHER RIVER NEAR PORTOLA
WERE ABOUT 14 CFS OR 3 PERCENT OF THE 458 CFS AVERAGE FLOW FOR
THIS DATE.

D/ LAKE TAHOE AND TRUCKEE RIVER BASINS...
MARCH 20 STORAGE ON LAKE TAHOE AND TRUCKEE BASIN RESERVOIRS WAS
AS FOLLOWS... /NOTE...AF IS ABBREVIATION FOR ACRE FEET/.

LAKE TAHOE.....139600 AF...19 PCT OF CAPACITY..36 PCT OF MAR 31 AVG.
PROSSER RSVR.... 9740 AF...34 PCT OF CAPACITY..95 PCT OF MAR 31 AVG.
STAMPEDE RSVR..107437 AF...48 PCT OF CAPACITY..70 PCT OF MAR 31 AVG.
BOCA RSVR....... 9179 AF...22 PCT OF CAPACITY..39 PCT OF MAR 31 AVG.

MARCH 20 FLOWS AND PERCENT OF AVERAGE FOR THIS DATE ON THE
TRUCKEE RIVER WERE AS FOLLOWS... /NOTE...CFS IS ABBREVIATION FOR
CUBIC FEET PER SECOND/

TAHOE CITY... 49 CFS... 22 PCT OF  223 CFS AVERAGE
TRUCKEE...... 98 CFS... 36 PCT OF  362 CFS AVERAGE
FARAD........401 CFS... 49 PCT OF  812 CFS AVERAGE
RENO.........328 CFS... 34 PCT OF  978 CFS AVERAGE
VISTA........384 CFS... 35 PCT OF 1090 CFS AVERAGE
WADSWORTH....139 CFS... 15 PCT OF  923 CFS AVERAGE
NIXON........146 CFS... 21 PCT OF  703 CFS AVERAGE

STEAMBOAT CREEK...
MARCH 20 FLOWS ON STEAMBOAT CREEK WERE AS FOLLOWS...

AT STEAMBOAT..........    3 CFS...13 PCT OF 23 CFS AVERAGE
AT RENO /SHORT LANE/..    4 CFS...36 PCT OF 11 CFS AVERAGE

E/ CARSON RIVER BASIN ABOVE LAHONTAN RESERVOIR...
MARCH 20 FLOWS AND PERCENT OF AVERAGE FOR THIS DATE ON THE
CARSON RIVER ABOVE LAHONTAN RESERVOIR WERE AS FOLLOWS...

EAST FK CARSON NR MARKLEEVILLE........143 CFS.. 48 PCT OF 295 CFS AVG
EAST FK CARSON R NR GARDNERVILLE......153 CFS.. 49 PCT OF 314 CFS AVG
WEST FK CARSON R AT WOODFORDS......... 62 CFS.. 78 PCT OF  80 CFS AVG
CARSON RVR NR CARSON CITY.............163 CFS.. 41 PCT OF 402 CFS AVG
CARSON RVR NR FT CHURCHILL............142 CFS.. 34 PCT OF 412 CFS AVG

CARSON RIVER BELOW LAHONTAN RESERVOIR...
MARCH 20 STORAGE ON LAHONTAN RESERVOIR WAS 89863 AF...30 PERCENT
OF CAPACITY...OR 45 PERCENT OF THE MARCH 31 AVERAGE. RELEASE FROM
LAHONTAN WAS 3 CFS...1 PCT OF THE 234 CFS AVERAGE.

F/ WALKER RIVER BASIN...
AS OF MARCH 20...STORAGE ON BRIDGEPORT RESERVOIR WAS 10250 ACRE
FEET...24 PERCENT OF CAPACITY...AND 37 PCT OF THE MARCH 31 AVERAGE.
STORAGE ON TOPAZ WAS 7800 AF...13 PCT OF CAPACITY...20 PCT OF THE
MARCH 31 AVERAGE.

MARCH 20 FLOWS AND PERCENT OF AVERAGE FOR THIS DATE ON THE WALKER
RIVER WERE AS FOLLOWS...

E WALKER RVR BLW BRIDGEPORT RSVR.  22 CFS.. 21 PCT OF 103 CFS AVG
W WALKER RVR ABV TOPAZ RSVR......  58 CFS.. 49 PCT OF 119 CFS AVG
W WALKER RVR BLW TOPAZ RSVR......  22 CFS.. 25 PCT OF  87 CFS AVG
WALKER RIVER NEAR MASON..........  33 CFS.. 13 PCT OF 252 CFS AVG
WALKER RVR NR WABUSKA............  17 CFS.. 11 PCT OF 154 CFS AVG
WALKER RVR BLW WEBER DAM NR SCHURZ  2 CFS... 1 PCT OF 173 CFS AVG

G/ HUMBOLDT RIVER BASIN...
IN EARLY MARCH...STORAGE ON RYE PATCH RESERVOIR WAS 8548 ACRE
FEET...4 PERCENT OF CAPACITY...OR 10 PCT OF THE MARCH 31 AVERAGE.

MARCH 20 FLOWS AT VARIOUS POINTS ON THE HUMBOLDT RIVER BASIN WERE
AS FOLLOWS...

MARYS RVR NR DEETH.......... 20 CFS...... 26 PCT OF THE  77 CFS AVG
HUMBOLDT RVR NR CARLIN...... 70 CFS...... 14 PCT OF THE 493 CFS AVG
HUMBOLDT RVR AT PALISADE....103 CFS...... 17 PCT OF THE 594 CFS AVG
HUMBOLDT RVR AT BATTLE MTN .114 CFS...... 21 PCT OF THE 532 CFS AVG
HUMBOLDT RVR AT COMUS....... 89 CFS...... 16 PCT OF THE 540 CFS AVG
HUMBOLDT RVR AT IMLAY....... 33 CFS......  8 PCT OF THE 394 CFS AVG
HUMBOLDT BLW RYE PATCH DAM..0.5 CFS... 0.003 PCT OF THE 166 CFS AVG

H/ JARBIDGE RIVER...
ON MARCH 20...FLOWS ON THE JARBIDGE RIVER AT JARBIDGE NEVADA WERE 9
CFS...OR 48 PERCENT OF THE AVERAGE FLOW OF 19 CFS FOR THIS DATE.

I/ OWYHEE RIVER...
ON MARCH 20...STORAGE ON WILDHORSE RESERVOIR WAS 15390 AF...22
PERCENT OF CAPACITY AND 45 PERCENT OF THE MARCH 31 AVERAGE.

J/ SOUTHERN NEVADA...
MARCH 19 STORAGE ON LAKE MEAD WAS 12171 THOUSAND AF...47 PERCENT OF
CAPACITY...AND 60 PERCENT OF THE MARCH 31 AVERAGE.

ON MARCH 20 THE FLOW ON THE COLORADO RIVER NEAR GRAND CANYON ARIZONA
ABOVE LAKE MEAD WAS 9000 CFS...81 PCT OF THE AVERAGE OF 11100 CFS
FOR THIS DATE. THE FLOW ON THE VIRGIN RIVER ABOVE LAKE MEAD NEAR
OVERTON NEVADA WAS 125 CFS...58 PERCENT OF THE AVERAGE OF 214 CFS
FOR THIS DATE.  THE MUDDY RIVER NEAR GLENDALE NEVADA WAS AT 33
CFS...77 PERCENT OF THE AVERAGE OF 43 CFS FOR THIS DATE.

6/ LONG RANGE WEATHER OUTLOOK FOR NEVADA AND EASTERN CALIFORNIA...
FROM THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER...

THE OUTLOOK FOR THE MONTHS OF APRIL THROUGH JUNE IS FOR ABOVE TO
MUCH ABOVE NORMAL TEMPERATURES FOR ALL OF NEVADA AND EASTERN
CALIFORNIA. THE OUTLOOK ALSO CALLS FOR EQUAL CHANCES OF ABOVE...NEAR
AND BELOW NORMAL PRECIPITATION FOR NORTHEAST NEVADA. FOR ALL OF
EASTERN CALIFORNIA...WESTERN AND SOUTHERN NEVADA...BELOW NORMAL
PRECIPITATION IS EXPECTED.

NEXT ISSUANCE DATE...
THIS DROUGHT STATEMENT WILL BE UPDATED IN MID APRIL.

&&

RELATED WEB SITES...
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON CURRENT DROUGHT AND HYDROLOGIC CONDITIONS
MAY BE FOUND AT THE FOLLOWING WEB ADDRESSES /USE LOWER CASE LETTERS.

U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR.........................  DROUGHTMONITOR.UNL.EDU
NOAA DROUGHT PAGE...WHICH INCLUDES DROUGHT MONITOR......  DROUGHT.GOV
CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER.....................  WWW.CPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV

NWS ADVANCED HYDROLOGIC PREDICTION SERVICE...  WATER.WEATHER.GOV/AHPS
USGS HYDROLOGIC MONITORING.....................  WATERWATCH.USGS.GOV

NWS CALIFORNIA NEVADA RIVER FORECAST CENTER......  WWW.CNRFC.NOAA.GOV

NWS NORTHWEST RIVER FORECAST CENTER...........
WWW.NWRFC.NOAA.GOV/WS/

NWS COLORADO BASIN RIVER FORECAST CENTER........  WWW.CBRFC.NOAA.GOV/

NEVADA NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE...
WWW.NV.NRCS.USDA.GOV/SNOW/

NWS CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER LONG RANGE OUTLOOK MAPS...
WWW.CPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/PRODUCTS/FORECASTS/

NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE...
HTTP://WWW.NV.NRCS.USDA.GOV/SNOW/INDEX.HTML

CALIFORNIA DEPT. OF WATER RESOURCES............ CDEC.WATER.CA.GOV/
CALIFORNIA WATER CONDITIONS..... WWW.WATER.CA.GOV/WATERCONDITIONS/
ASSOCIATION OF CALIFORNIA WATER AGENCIES...........  WWW.ACWA.COM

NEVADA DIVISION OF WATER RESOURCES.................. WATER.NV.GOV/
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE RENO................... WEATHER.GOV/RENO
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE ELKO..................  WEATHER.GOV/ELKO
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE LAS VEGAS.........  WEATHER.GOV/LASVEGAS

TRUCKEE MEADOWS WATER AUTHORITY........................  TMWA.COM
SOUTHERN NEVADA WATER AUTHORITY........................  SNWA.COM
LAS VEGAS VALLEY WATER DISTRICT........................ LVVWD.COM

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE.........  WWW.USDA.GOV/DROUGHT U.S.
DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FARM SERVICES AGENCY... WWW.FSA.USDA.GOV

U.S. FOREST SERVICE WILDFIRE ASSESSMENT SYSTEM FIRE DANGER CLASS...
HTTP://WWW.WFAS.NET/IMAGES/FIREDANGER/FD_CLASS.PNG

NATIONAL SIGNIFICANT WILDLAND FIRE POTENTIAL OUTLOOK...
HTTP://WWW.PREDICTIVESERVICES.NIFC.GOV/OUTLOOKS/MONTHLY_
SEASONAL_OUTLOOK.PDF

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS...
THE DROUGHT MONITOR IS A SYNTHESIS OF MULTIPLE DROUGHT INDICES AND
IMPACTS THAT REPRESENTS A CONSENSUS OF SCIENTISTS IN MANY
FEDERAL...STATE AND LOCAL AGENCIES...AS WELL AS PRIVATE FIRMS.  THE
DROUGHT MONITOR IS USED NATIONWIDE BY THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF
AGRICULTURE TO DETERMINE DROUGHT SEVERITY...TO DECLARE DROUGHT AND
IS THE MECHANISM USED TO PROVIDE AID TO THE AGRICULTURAL COMMUNITY.

INFORMATION FOR THIS STATEMENT HAS BEEN GATHERED FROM NWS AND U.S.
GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OBSERVATION SITES...US BLM...CALIFORNIA AND NEVADA
DIVISIONS OF WATER RESOURCES AND STATE CLIMATOLOGISTS...NEVADA
DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE...PERSHING COUNTY WATER CONSERVATION
DISTRICT...WALKER RIVER IRRIGATION DISTRICT...WALKER RIVER PAIUTE
TRIBE...FEDERAL WATER MASTERS...TRUCKEE/CARSON IRRIGATION
DISTRICT...AND NWS OFFICES IN RENO...ELKO AND LAS VEGAS.

QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS...
IF YOU HAVE ANY QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS ABOUT THIS DROUGHT INFORMATION
STATEMENT PLEASE CONTACT...

NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE
2350 RAGGIO PKWY
RENO NV 89512
PHONE...775-673-8100
WEATHER.GOV/RENO
REV.WEBMASTER@NOAA.GOV






































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