Quantitative Precipitation Forecast
Issued by NWS

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000
FXUS04 KWBC 221017
QPFPFD

QUANTITATIVE PRECIPITATION FORECAST DISCUSSION
NWS WEATHER PREDICTION CENTER COLLEGE PARK MD
516 AM EST WED FEB 22 2017


FINAL DAY 1...DAY 2 AND DAY 3 QPF DISCUSSION
VALID FEB 22/1200 UTC THRU FEB 25/1200 UTC
REFERENCE AWIPS GRAPHICS UNDER...PRECIP ACCUM - 24HR


DAY 1 UPDATE...

CHANGES TO THE PRELIM DAY 1 QPF WERE TO REFINE THE TOTALS ACROSS
THE FL PENINSULA. AMOUNTS WERE INCREASED ALONG THE FL EAST COAST
WHERE THERE ARE CONCERNS ABOUT SOME LOCALLY FOCUSED OR BANDED
CONVECTION GIVEN THE PROXIMITY OF STRONGER LOW LEVEL
CONVERGENCE...MOISTURE FLUX AND AN INSTABILITY GRADIENT AHEAD OF
THE UPPER LOW DIGGING INTO THE REGION. AMOUNTS WERE DECREASED
SLIGHTLY THROUGH THE MIDDLE OF THE FL PENINSULA WHERE THERE SHOULD
BE A GREATER LACK OF INSTABILITY. MEANWHILE...AMOUNTS WERE LOCALLY
TWEAKED AND GENERALLY INCREASED ALONG PORTIONS OF THE FL WEST
COAST AND ESPECIALLY CLOSER TO SOUTHWEST FL WHERE SAT/RADAR TRENDS
SHOW SOMEWHAT ORGANIZED CONVECTIVE ELEMENTS OVER THE EASTERN GULF
OF MEXICO APPROACHING WHICH SHOULD OVERSPREAD THIS REGION THIS
MORNING.


DAY 1...

...SOUTHERN MID-ATLANTIC DOWN TO FLORIDA...

THE LOWER MS VALLEY CLOSED LOW WILL BE TAKING AN UNUSUALLY FAR
SOUTHEASTWARD TRACK THROUGH THE PERIOD...WITH THE GUIDANCE
INDICATING A TRACK DOWN ACROSS THE EASTERN GULF OF MEXICO ON WED
AND THEN FAR SOUTH FL AND THE FL KEYS THROUGH EARLY THURS. THE
MODELS INDICATE A BAND OF HEAVY SHOWERS AND SOME THUNDERSTORMS
ADVANCING ACROSS ESPECIALLY THE CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN PARTS OF THE
FL PENINSULA AS A CORRIDOR OF STRONGER UPPER LEVEL
DIVERGENCE/FORCING AROUND THE EASTERN FLANK OF THE UPPER LOW DIGS
SOUTHEAST ACROSS THE EASTERN GULF OF MEXICO AND FL WHILE
INTERACTING WITH A POOL OF RATHER DEEP SUBTROPICAL MOISTURE AND
MODEST INSTABILITY. ALTHOUGH THERE IS EXPECTED TO BE SOMEWHAT
STRONGER LOW LEVEL CONVERGENCE AND POOLING OF INSTABILITY ALONG
THE ATLANTIC COAST OF THE PENINSULA...AND SO SOMEWHAT HEAVIER
RAINS ARE LIKELY ALONG THE EASTERN AND SOUTHEASTERN PORTIONS OF
THE PENINSULA. WPC QPF FAVORS SOME 1 TO 2 INCH RAINFALL AMOUNTS
WITH ISOLATED HEAVIER AMOUNTS FOR CENTRAL AND SOUTH FL. FARTHER
NORTH UP ACROSS THE SOUTHEAST AND INTO PARTS OF THE SOUTHERN
MID-ATLANTIC REGION...SOME MOISTURE WILL HAVE SPREAD NORTH WITHIN
A BROAD WARM ADVECTION REGIME AND THERE WILL BE SOME SCATTERED
AREAS OF LIGHT RAIN WITH THIS.


...CENTRAL/NORTHERN CALIFORNIA...PACIFIC NORTHWEST...GREAT BASIN
INTO THE CENTRAL/NORTHERN ROCKIES...

BROAD CYCLONIC FLOW WILL OVERSPREAD THE WESTERN U.S. THIS PERIOD
AS A PAIR OF SHORTWAVE TROUGHS PIVOT THROUGH THE INTERMOUNTAIN
WEST. THE LEAD SHORTWAVE WHICH IS NOW CROSSING CENTRAL/NORTHERN CA
WILL BE EJECTING EAST ACROSS THE GREAT BASIN AND INTO THE CENTRAL
ROCKIES LATER WED THROUGH WED NIGHT. A WAVE OF LOW PRESSURE WILL
BE DEVELOPING OVER SOUTHEAST UT AND MOVING INTO WESTERN CO AS THE
SHORTWAVE ENERGY ARRIVES. A STRIPE OF FRONTOGENETICALLY ENHANCED
SNOWFALL WILL BE SETTING UP OVER THE GREAT BASIN BY EARLY
WED...BUT THIS WILL THEN BECOME A BIT MORE FOCUSED/CONCENTRATED
OVER THE WASATCH/UINTAS AND INTO THE NORTHWEST CO HIGH COUNTRY AND
ADJACENT AREAS OF SOUTHERN WY INCLUDING THE MEDICINE BOW MOUNTAINS
LATER WED THROUGH EARLY THURS. FARTHER NORTH...RELATIVELY MOIST
CYCLONIC FLOW AND OROGRAPHICS WILL PROMOTE NUMEROUS SNOW SHOWERS
UP ACROSS THE NORTHERN ROCKIES AND STREAKING OUT INTO THE
IMMEDIATE HIGH PLAINS. FARTHER WEST...THERE WILL STILL BE SOME
ADDITIONAL SHOWER ACTIVITY IMPACTING PARTS OF WESTERN WA/OR AND
DOWN INTO ESPECIALLY NORTHERN CA. WATER EQUIVALENTS ACROSS THE
WEST SHOULD GENERALLY BE IN THE 0.25 TO 0.50 INCH RANGE...WITH
SOME POCKETS OF 0.50 INCH+ IN THE CENTRAL ROCKIES.


...NORTHERN PLAINS/UPPER MS VALLEY/GREAT LAKES...

A NORTHERN STREAM SHORTWAVE WILL BE STREAKING ACROSS THE NORTHERN
PLAINS AND TOWARD THE UPPER MS VALLEY/GREAT LAKES REGION WED
THROUGH WED NIGHT. THIS WILL DRIVE A WAVE OF LOW PRESSURE AND A
COLD FRONT ACROSS THE REGION. A STRIPE OF LIGHT RAIN AND SOME SNOW
ALONG THE NORTHERN AND BACK EDGE OF THE PRECIP SHIELD SHOULD
IMPACT THE REGION. WPC DID NOT PREFER THE WETTER GFS WHICH HAS A
STRONGER SHORTWAVE AND SURFACE WAVE EVOLUTION. THE MODEL CONSENSUS
IS A BIT WEAKER AND WPC FAVORED THE RELATIVELY DRIER SOLUTIONS AS
A RESULT.


DAYS 2 AND 3...


...WESTERN UNITED STATES...

SHORT WAVE ENERGY TRACKING OUT OF THE GREAT BASIN EARLY ON DAY 2
AIDS IN SPINNING UP LOW PRESSURE OVER THE FRONT RANGE OF THE
ROCKIES THAT MOVES INTO THE CENTRAL PLAINS. UPSLOPE FLOW ON THE
BACK SIDE OF THE SURFACE LOW WILL RESULT IN HEAVY QPF ACROSS THE
FAVORED LOCATIONS OF THE HIGHER TERRAIN OF WY AND CO. A CLOSED MID
LEVEL LOW WEST OF VANCOUVER ISLAND EARLY ON DAY 3 REACHES A
POSITION OFF THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST COAST BY THE END OF THE PERIOD.
THERE WAS GENERALLY GOOD MODEL AGREEMENT WITH THE OVERALL SYNOPTIC
SETUP...SO THE WPC QPF WAS BASED MAINLY ON A BLEND OF THE 00Z
ECMWF/GFS.

THE COMBINATION OF SYNOPTIC SCALE LIFT ASSOCIATED WITH SHORT WAVE
ENERGY TRACKING OUT OF THE GREAT BASIN ON EARLY DAY 2 AND
STRENGTHENING UPSLOPE FLOW ON THE BACK SIDE OF LOW PRESSURE
FORMING OVER THE FRONT RANGE OF THE ROCKIES WILL PRODUCE AXES OF
HEAVY QPF ACROSS THE HIGHER TERRAIN OF WY AND CO. THE BEST LOW
LEVEL UPSLOPE FLOW AND CONVERGENCE SHOULD BE FOCUSED ON THE
LARAMIE AND SOUTHERN EXTENT OF THE WIND RIVER MOUNTAINS IN
WY...WHERE THERE IS A MULTI MODEL SIGNAL FOR 1.00 TO 1.25 INCHES
OF QPF. THE LOW LEVEL UPSLOPE FLOW IS NOT QUITE AS ROBUST ACROSS
THE NORTHERN AND CENTRAL ROCKIES IN CO...WHERE LOCAL 0.50 INCH QPF
AMOUNTS ARE POSSIBLE.

A CLOSED MID LEVEL LOW WEST OF VANCOUVER ISLAND EARLY ON DAY 3
DROPS SOUTH...REACHING A POSITION WEST OF THE CENTRAL OR COAST BY
THE END OF THE PERIOD. AHEAD OF THE MID LEVEL SYSTEM (AND ITS
ATTENDANT SURFACE LOW)...THE LOW LEVEL WESTERLY FLOW WILL FOCUS
RELATIVELY PALTRY AMOUNTS OF MOISTURE ON THE OR COASTAL
RANGE...RESULTING IN AN AREA OF 0.25 TO 0.50 INCHES OF QPF IN THE
FAVORED UPSLOPE LOCATIONS

LOCALLY HEAVY SNOWFALL IS EXPECTED ACROSS PORTIONS OF THE NORTHERN
AND CENTRAL ROCKIES DURING DAY 2. PLEASE REFER TO THE LATEST SUITE
OF WPC WINTER WEATHER PRODUCTS FOR MORE INFORMATION.


...CENTRAL PLAINS/MID AND UPPER MS VALLEY/GREAT LAKES...

SHORT WAVE ENERGY OVER UT EARLY ON DAY 2 CLOSES OFF IN THE MID
LEVELS AS CROSSES THE CENTRAL PLAINS. THE MID LEVEL SYSTEM AIDS IN
SPINNING OF LOW PRESSURE OVER THE FRONT RANGE OF THE ROCKIES...AND
THE SURFACE LOW CROSSES THE CENTRAL PLAINS DURING DAY 2...ON ITS
WAY TO THE UPPER GREAT LAKES BY THE END OF DAY 3. THERE IS STILL
SOME SPREAD CONCERNING THE PLACEMENT OF THE MAXIMUM QPF AXIS
DURING DAYS 2 AND 3...WITH THE 00Z GFS/NAM SEEMINGLY TOO FAR NORTH
INTO THE COLDER AIR WITH THE HIGHER QPF AMOUNTS. THE 00Z ECMWF
CONTINUED THAT MODELS TREND OF KEEPING THE MAXIMUM QPF A BIT
FURTHER SOUTH...SO THE WPC QPF WAS BASED ON A BLEND OF THE 00Z
ECMWF/12Z ECMWF ENSEMBLE MEAN.

SHORT WAVE ENERGY OVER THE GREAT BASIN EARLY ON DAY 2 CLOSES OFF
AS IT REACHES EASTERN NE LATER IN THE PERIOD. LIFT ASSOCIATED WITH
THE MID LEVEL SYSTEM SPINS SURFACE LOW PRESSURE OVER THE FRONT
RANGE OF THE ROCKIES...AND THE LOW CROSSES FROM SOUTHWEST KS TO
SOUTHWEST IA. AHEAD OF THE MID LEVEL AND SURFACE SYSTEMS...A 30 TO
40 KNOT LOW LEVEL SOUTHWEST FLOW TRANSPORTS 0.50 TO 0.75 INCH
PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR UP AND OVER A WARM FRONT ASSOCIATED WITH
THE SURFACE LOW...STRETCHED NE INTO IA/SOUTHERN WI/NORTHERN IL.

THE MOISTURE BECOMES ENTRAINED INTO A DEVELOPING AXIS OF MID LEVEL
FRONTOGENETICALLY FORCED LIFT EXTENDING ACROSS SOUTHERNMOST SD AND
NORTHERNMOST NE INTO FAR WESTERN IA. BANDED PRECIPITATION IN THIS
AXIS IS EXPECTED TO PRODUCE A STRIPE OF 1.00 TO 1.25 INCHES OF QPF
IN THE ABOVEMENTIONED AREAS...AND LOCALLY HIGHER AMOUNTS ARE
POSSIBLE WHERE ELEVATED INSTABILITY ENHANCES PRECIPITATION RATES.
THE NORTHERN EDGE OF THE BANDED PRECIPITATION IS EXPECTED TO MOVE
INTO THE SOUTHERN THIRD OF MN...AS WELL AS THE SOUTHERN HALF OF
WI. THE NORTHERN EDGE IS CLOSE TO THE EDGE DEPICTED ON THE 00Z
ECMWF/12Z ECMWF ENSEMBLE MEAN...AND FURTHER SOUTH THAN THE 00Z GFS
AND ESPECIALLY THE 00Z NAM (AS THESE MODELS ARE PROBABLY TOO FAR
NORTH WITH THE BANDED PRECIPITATION POTENTIAL).

SOUTH OF THE WARM FRONT...MODEL SOUNDINGS SHOWED MARGINAL
INSTABILITY IN PLACE WITH PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES CLOSER TO AN
INCH. THE COMBINATION OF MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY SHOULD FUEL LOW
TOPPED CONVECTION OVER CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN IA INTO FAR NORTHERN
IL AND FAR SOUTHERN WI. AN AXIS OF 0.75 TO 1.25 INCHES OF QPF WAS
PLACED JUST SOUTH OF THE WARM FRONT...CLOSE TO THE EXPECTED
LOCATION OF BEST INSTABILITY. CORFIDI VECTORS SUGGEST THAT THE LOW
TOPPED CONVECTION SHOULD TRACK NORTHEAST UP ALONG AND OVER THE
FRONT. THREE HOUR FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE VALUES ARE GENERALLY
BETWEEN 1.50 AND 2.00 INCHES NEAR THE WARM FRONT...SO WHILE
LOCALLY HEAVY RAINFALL IS POSSIBLE...ORGANIZED FLASH FLOODING IS
NOT EXPECTED ON DAY 2.

AS THE CLOSED MID LEVEL SYSTEM TRACKS FROM SOUTHWEST IA INTO THE
NORTHERN LP OF MI (WHILE SLOWLY WEAKENING)...THE BANDED
PRECIPITATION ASSOCIATED WITH THE MID LEVEL FRONTOGENETIC FORCING
BECOMES ORIENTED SOUTHWEST TO NORTHEAST...STRETCHING FROM FAR
NORTHWEST IA ACROSS SOUTHERN MN INTO NORTHWEST WI. THERE WAS A
MULTI MODEL SIGNAL 0.75 TO 1.25 INCHES OF QPF IN THIS BAND...WITH
THE 00Z ECMWF PLACING THE AXIS OF MAXIMUM QPF CLOSE TO THE WPC
PLACEMENT. AHEAD OF THE SURFACE LOW AND SOUTH OF ITS WARM
FRONT...A 45 KNOT LOW LEVEL SOUTHWEST FLOW TRANSPORTS 1.00 INCH
AIR ACROSS FAR SOUTHEAST WI ACROSS THE NORTHERN LP OF MI. MODEL
SOUNDINGS SHOWED MARGINAL INSTABILITY...AND THE MOISTURE AND
INSTABILITY IS EXPECTED TO FEED CONVECTION THAT PRODUCES AN AXIS
OF 0.75 TO 1.25 INCHES OF QPF HERE. THREE HOUR FLASH FLOOD
GUIDANCE VALUES ARE HIGH ENOUGH SO THAT FLASH FLOODING IS NOT
EXPECTED ON DAY 3.

HEAVY SNOWFALL IS EXPECTED FROM THE CENTRAL PLAINS ACROSS THE
UPPER MS VALLEY INTO THE UPPER GREAT LAKES DURING DAYS 2 AND 3.
PLEASE REFER TO THE LATEST SUITE OF WPC WINTER WEATHER PRODUCTS
FOR MORE INFORMATION.


...OH VALLEY/NORTHEAST...

MOISTURE AND MARGINAL INSTABILITY AHEAD OF A WEAKENING COLD FRONT
CROSSING THE OH VALLEY AND NORTHEAST STATES DURING DAY 3 WILL FUEL
LOW TOPPED CONVECTION...WHICH COULD PRODUCE LOCALLY HEAVY
RAINFALL. THE 00Z GFS IS FASTER WITH THE FRONTAL BOUNDARY THAN THE
00Z ECMWF...SO A BLEND OF THESE TWO SOLUTIONS SHOULD PRODUCE THE
BEST PLACEMENT OF THE MAXIMUM QPF.

AHEAD OF A COLD FRONT TRAILING FROM LOW PRESSURE OVER THE UPPER
GREAT LAKES...A 40 TO 50 KNOT LOW LEVEL SOUTHWEST FLOW TRANSPORTS
1.00 INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR ACROSS THE OH VALLEY INTO
PORTIONS OF WESTERN NY STATE AND WESTERN PA DURING DAY 3. THE BEST
LOW LEVEL MOISTURE FLUX OCCURS IN THE 25/00 TO 25/06Z TIME FRAME
ACROSS THE OH VALLEY...AND MODEL SOUNDINGS SHOWED A STRIPE OF
MARGINAL TO LOCALLY MODERATE INSTABILITY EXTENDING FROM THE INTO
EASTERN OH. LINES OF CONVECTION FORMING AHEAD OF THE FRONT ARE
EXPECTED TO PRODUCE AXES OF 0.50 TO 1.00 INCHES OF QPF AS THEY
CROSS SOUTHEAST IN/OH INTO CENTRAL KY AND FAR NORTH CENTRAL TN.
CORFIDI VECTORS SUGGEST THAT LOCALIZED TRAINING IS POSSIBLE...SO
LOCALLY HIGHER QPF AMOUNTS ARE POSSIBLE IF TRAINING OCCURS.
HOWEVER...THE SYSTEM SHOULD REMAIN PROGRESSIVE...SO ORGANIZED
FLASH FLOODING IS NOT EXPECTED ON DAY 3.


...FL...

A CLOSED MID LEVEL LOW OVER SOUTHEAST FL EARLY ON DAY 2 TRACKS TO
THE BAHAMAS BY THE END OF THE PERIOD. AHEAD OF THE CLOSED MID
LEVEL LOW...A LOW LEVEL MOISTURE PLUME COULD FUEL LOCALLY
CONVECTION WITH LOCALLY HEAVY RAINFALL ALONG THE FL EAST COAST.
THERE WAS GENERALLY GOOD MODEL AGREEMENT WITH THE MID LEVEL
SYSTEM...SO THE WPC QPF WAS BASED ON A BLEND OF THE 00Z ECMWF/GFS.

AS THE CLOSED MID LEVEL SYSTEM (AND ITS ATTENDANT SURFACE LOW)
TRACKS FROM SOUTHEAST FL TO THE BAHAMAS ON DAY 2...A LOW LEVEL
EAST SOUTHEAST FLOW TRANSPORTS 1.50 INCH PRECIPITABLE AIR ACROSS
THE EAST COAST OF FL...MAINLY BEFORE 24/00Z. MOISTURE AND MARGINAL
INSTABILITY WILL FUEL CONVECTIVE BANDS THAT REACH BACK TOWARD EAST
CENTRAL FL...WHERE LOCAL 0.50 INCH QPF AMOUNTS ARE POSSIBLE. AT
THIS POINT...IT APPEARS AS THOUGH THE BEST INSTABILITY AND QPF
AMOUNTS ARE EXPECTED TO REMAIN OFFSHORE.


GRAPHICS AVAILABLE ON THE WEB AT
WWW.WPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/QPF/QPF2.SHTML


ORRISON/HAYES



24HR QP VT 23/12Z
 0.01 212820 218825 220828 224831 227833 234833 239834 245834
      262838 269840 276844 279846 281850 286858 292865 295870
      297875 301878 302877 310877 311874 314873 320873 323870
      323864 324859 327857 330854 333853 335854 337858 337862
      333867 331870 329875 328878 330882 332882 336880 336878
      338876 341873 343869 345866 347861 351857 360859 364858
      366855 373848 376844 379842 379852 387847 390842 397842
      402837 408829 414821 418818 424819 433822 438828 441837
      442849 441861 446862 446870 446878 446883 445890 444894
      443900 443908 443915 445921 449930 459935 461937 463941
      465954 463969 462974 461983 460996 458001 457008 457021
      457027 455030 451041 451044 449044 447039 445029 441019
      435994 434987 433982 432976 428973 424973 422975 421978
      420986 415996 414004 412009 412016 413022 410029 410035
      408040 404047 392060 384063 386068 383071 380071 377067
      374063 370061 368057 370055 369050 367052 360055 357057
      360058 363059 364063 360065 360067 365068 370070 367089
      363089 359090 359094 361095 366095 367097 366100 366103
      364107 367111 370109 373105 375102 378102 379105 382106
      386104 390105 390109 387110 383110 380113 374122 353119
      350119 350122 352126 355129 359127 364126 368128 363136
      361138 360143 361147 361153 359165 358168 361170 369171
      372166 376164 381163 383161 387159 389158 391160 392163
      391167 388171 387176 387180 388182 392184 396187 398188
      399191 399196 396198 392198 383193 380190 376188 374186
      371184 368184 359182 350183 347186 346193 346196 348197
      351194 354190 358188 362190 366192 374199 376203 379207
      386212 395219 400220 400226 395225 388231 384233 384238
      383241 384246 390254 403262 413265 425268 429268 435269
      443269 452265 457259 464252 470259 476266 481274 487283
      489289 493290 498290 502289 505286 506282 507275 506271
      502264 498256 495245 490237 483232 477224 486224 491227
      495227 499216 496210 495207 492206 478205
 0.01 478205 466211 448212 441213 437207 435205 434200 431192
      432173 426154 425150 426143 427137 430140 433143 433150
      434156 436160 438163 442164 446167 448170 451174 454174
      455168 457164 483172 488177 492176 495180 497185 500186
      503185 505181 507177 505173 501164 499162 500161 505162
      511165 514168 517170 520170 526167 527159 527150 522143
      516136 512128 510109 509104 507103 506100 507091 506079
      503077 501081 497090 494092 492093 489091 487080 484067
      484057 484050 484043 484035 486029 488022 488016 493994
      496974 497960 498946 499936 499921 498908 497900 497892
      496884 495879 495871 496865 495853 494841 494834 495828
      498816 500804 502796 502785 503779 504776 510757 513747
      515734 516722 515708 514701 512696 510692 506691 500690
      493687 490688 486691 482693 480695 478694 469696 466697
      464701 458706 456709 455713 451720 448730 446734 445740
      444745 441750 437757 434766 436770 436777 434787 430790
      426789 424786 422784 423780 426776 427770 427765 425762
      422760 422754 419744 415737 412736 410737 414746 416751
      418757 419762 420768 417778 417785 414788 411790 409794
      404801 398809 391812 388814 385811 384804 386798 386794
      382793 380790 380786 381782 381777 382773 382768 381762
      378760 375758 373759 370763 369768 364786 363791 361795
      359799 355802 349809 345816 339816 337814 332814 330811
      326801 324796 319796 322789 326783 336772 339765 340760
      337756 333754 331756 327758 324762 320765 316766 311768
      305768 300763 296756 290751 285747 276744 266744 257745
      249747 240751 233754 225758 217763 211769 209772 211778
      214780 219779 224779 227781 218793 213800 210803 209809
 0.01 498159 497157 497156 496154 494154 492153 491155 492157
      494158 495158 497161 498159
 0.01 489152 486149 485146 483144 482143 478141 475141 473142
      472146 474149 476151 479152 482153 486154 489152
 0.01 452191 451185 448184 446187 442188 442193 441198 442200
      445206 445204 444198 445191 448190 450193 452191 452191
 0.01 343180 344178 344175 344173 343171 343170 341168 339167
      337167 337170 339170 341171 342173 341175 341177 341179
      343180 343180
 0.25 519156 517149 513144 506135 495127 489112 485108 481102
      477097 474091 470086 464084 464092 464096 462098 452100
      451103 448104 441101 435103 430102 426102 421105 419109
      417110 415109 414106 414100 412096 412090 413083 418070
      420067 420063 422062 424058 423053 421046 419044 417045
      413050 408054 402056 402060 400064 394068 390071 390077
      391080 402080 404081 406085 406091 405096 404104 402108
      400109 389115 384117 381121 377127 376130 380132 386134
      390132 395127 397124 400124 405122 413122 422119 426121
      428119 431113 437110 443114 450116 452122 452131 454136
      457137 462133 468130 478132 484133 489131 493130 495138
      499145 503150 511155 516158 519156
 0.25 494748 494740 493734 489730 486730 474744 467751 463760
      459769 456781 457789 460788 463782 467780 471782 473786
      473795 472801 474813 475828 476833 479837 482834 484830
      487819 489808 492795 492782 493768 494753 494748
 0.25 479241 479238 478235 477235 476234 475234 474236 474237
      475240 477241 478241 479241
 0.25 462241 461236 459233 450231 445233 441232 442228 446226
      442223 437223 431223 425225 422229 419228 412231 401239
      400243 401246 404249 408251 424252 437250 444249 451247
      457244 462241
 0.25 453156 454154 455152 453151 452154 453156 453157 453156
 0.25 425203 425201 425199 423199 421200 420200 418201 417201
      416203 416205 417207 418206 419205 420204 421204 423204
      424204 425203
 0.25 420178 421173 420170 419167 419165 420161 420157 418155
      415156 414158 412161 412164 412167 412172 412174 414178
      417179 420178
 0.25 418057 416055 416054 416055 415057 415059 416060 417059
      418058 418057
 0.25 398213 398211 398210 397208 395206 394205 392204 390205
      389206 390207 391209 393210 394212 395212 396213 398213
      398213
 0.25 315813 315807 314803 309796 297786 296780 295773 293765
      287758 281754 272752 264751 254752 246754 241755 238757
      230761 224766 226769 230769 240769 241771 239774 234780
      232788 227795 222800 219804 218809 222815 228821 233826
      243829 251829 268832 275834 283838 288844 292851 297860
      299862 304861 306859 306852 303844 304838 306835 311833
      312828 315821 315815 315813
 0.50 485788 485786 485783 485781 484778 483776 482779 482781
      482784 481787 481789 481790 481792 481793 483794 484791
      484789 485788
 0.50 412242 411242 410241 408241 407244 408244 409244 411243
      412242
 0.50 401074 401073 399072 397072 397073 397074 399075 401074
      401074
 0.50 388125 389123 388121 386122 384124 383126 384127 386127
      388126 388125
 0.50 309809 307802 304797 298792 295786 292780 290771 286764
      282760 276757 270755 262754 256754 241758 235761 235764
      237765 241765 246766 249770 240779 236785 234792 230798
      228803 227809 231814 239825 246826 254826 269828 281832
      286835 292841 294842 298840 298836 298831 296822 299819
      304820 308818 309809
 0.50 294818 294817 292816 290815 289814 288814 286813 285814
      284815 283817 284817 286818 287818 288819 290819 292820
      294818 294818
 0.50 279815 277814 276813 275813 273813 272812 271812 273814
      275814 276815 277816 279815
 1.00 304810 301802 299797 293791 291784 285772 281766 276762
      263757 259759 257766 253773 248776 245783 241787 235799
      234805 235809 238810 241812 243815 244818 247820 254820
      261822 274826 281826 287830 290831 289827 285824 272820
      266817 262812 260807 262804 269805 274808 280809 289811
      295813 301814 304810
 1.00 257789 256787 254787 253787 252789 252790 254790 256790
      257789
 1.50 300808 298800 293795 286780 282775 278768 272765 268765
      269770 269773 270776 273777 280778 283780 284785 275789
      273791 270793 262795 260798 262800 268803 274805 282807
      297811 300808
 1.50 268820 266819 264817 262815 260813 258812 257812 255814
      255816 256818 257818 259819 261820 263820 264821 265821
      266821 268820
 1.50 251798 251796 249795 247795 246795 244795 242795 240796
      238797 237799 237800 237802 237803 238804 239804 241803
      243802 244802 246801 247800 248800 250799 251798
 2.00 297807 294801 291797 289791 287788 286791 285793 282795
      277794 271795 268797 268800 272802 278805 283806 289807
      295808 297807
 3.00 289803 287802 285801 283800 281799 279799 277798 275798
      274798 272799 274800 275801 276801 278802 279802 280803
      281803 283803 284804 285804 287805 289805 289803

24HR QP VT 24/12Z
 0.01 529154 526142 524137 521133 516129 508123 506111 507104
      505100 506093 505089 505082 504076 502072 499068 496063
      495057 493051 488050 486052 485057 484064 481067 479064
      477060 474050 472044 470044 469058 469065 467066 465064
      463058 461053 460042 457032 454022 453017 454011 454998
      454992 456987 459962 461956 462949 466937 469922 469913
      471908 472900 472893 474880 475875 474869 472861 474858
      477860 491864 494866 498865 505860 509852 511843 511837
      511833 512830 512817 512810 512802 514788 516782 518777
      519769 519764 520745 522739 522731 521715 519700 518689
      516674 514662 510647 507637 503630 498620 491617 469621
      460625 456628 453632 446641 443645 442652 443659 446663
      449666 452671 454675 455681 453691 443706 433720 429716
      426719 420730 416738 414743 411749 405768 402780 400790
      397793 393795 388783 386781 383781 378782 376786 371792
      368797 368801 360815 357825 353830 350840 350846 355844
      359841 362836 367824 369820 371822 372830 373834 371837
      370847 371862 372871 375873 379872 383870 385870 386872
      390879 393901 394904 392906 387906 385918 385925 382927
      380933 380942 379947 379955 381964 385968 390967 392968
      392972 390979 390986 388991 390997 392002 393006 393012
      389021 380053 375050 370050 365050 361052 359054 357060
      355065 356071 372082 374086 374090 373093 373096 376099
      379101 380104 380108 377114 375118 373123 374128 378135
      382140 386147 388151 389156 386168 384181 386185 389188
      390190 393191 397190 401189 404191 404193 409192 413195
      413197 411201 408204 406209 405212 406215 417218 420217
      423217 425220 427223 425225 421226 420231 423231 425232
      425235 423238 421238 407240 399241 395241 391239 384236
      380233 370231 360233 359235 362236 365239 369240 371243
      378250 387256 390261 391265 394268 398270 403271 407270
 0.01 407270 414266 418268 421270 426271 430270 436272 440272
      457279 478287 481290 485292 491289 497284 499282 498279
      499274 497265 493258 490254 487249 489246 491246 494244
      496247 504260 510262 513261 515256 516248 515243 514239
      510230 505216 487213 483213 477211 469211 464211 460212
      451210 451206 451202 452196 456190 460188 465184 470177
      473174 474169 476164 477159 480158 490160 496164 506167
      511168 516168 520166 523163 527159 529154
 0.01 470823 468816 464812 460808 459806 455806 450804 450809
      451813 454818 458822 462826 464827 465831 467836 469838
      470836 470831 470823
 0.01 447172 445163 437160 435159 434155 432145 434136 432133
      428134 426137 425143 424149 425153 428161 432169 437175
      443178 447172
 0.01 418156 417151 416144 417142 418137 419133 417128 412125
      407128 403130 401134 401139 400143 398145 401148 405149
      408154 411157 412160 416160 418156
 0.01 384692 384687 382685 376688 370700 367707 365713 361722
      360725 359728 357728 353724 345725 337727 333728 329726
      330720 332717 334710 334706 332704 322705 315708 309711
      304715 296717 294716 291718 284720 268728 254734 249737
      245742 236751 232757 228765 227780 230785 234789 236792
      235796 233803 232808 234812 236814 238813 244809 246802
      248796 253792 257792 260795 263799 269804 274811 271823
      275826 278828 282828 289831 295832 300832 303830 306828
      309824 312820 313811 320802 328790 337776 346767 350762
      354757 358751 362746 366739 370732 374724 374722 377719
      379713 380713 379710 378700 383697 384692
 0.25 504675 504666 502657 500650 496642 493640 489643 486643
      484640 480635 475636 471639 468644 467654 466685 464699
      460712 459721 460725 464725 465730 466739 467746 469752
      472761 474768 480769 489760 491753 492747 494730 497724
      499718 501712 502702 503689 504675
 0.25 469120 456090 455077 451067 448059 446054 445048 448037
      448025 447003 448991 449979 448974 449968 452954 453943
      455933 457923 457913 457887 455874 452860 447841 445830
      443821 434806 430796 425786 422783 420782 417785 416789
      412807 408814 407819 408826 409837 411843 414846 417848
      418853 419858 418862 416871 413879 405924 401942 401953
      400963 398973 401980 407981 409985 410001 409007 407012
      406023 405033 406041 406053 400058 386068 384071 385077
      391082 396086 403085 407087 409091 413099 416102 420102
      427096 433104 432109 436109 442108 445106 447108 450119
      456122 458117 457113 459110 461114 464119 469120
 0.25 448251 448247 445245 441245 440243 439246 437248 435249
      433251 433254 435254 438255 441254 443254 446253 448251
 0.25 447099 447097 447094 448092 447091 446092 445093 444094
      444096 444099 446100 447099
 0.25 422832 422830 422829 421827 420826 419827 419830 420832
      421834 422832 422832
 0.25 322769 322765 321761 320756 317748 316745 316740 316734
      313731 309727 303724 298723 292725 288728 282732 260742
      251749 247754 243758 243764 245770 248774 255776 258780
      263778 268778 274782 280789 286802 290805 294807 299806
      305803 313796 317790 319785 322769
 0.50 488706 488704 484702 484700 482697 480698 480703 482705
      482710 482714 482716 484718 486717 487714 488709 488706
 0.50 447072 444062 440053 438046 436042 437036 440031 442969
      442960 443954 447943 448937 448933 447913 443904 443899
      444892 445886 445878 443861 441854 438850 434848 430850
      425859 422865 420872 416896 415903 412909 410913 409922
      409933 409939 409947 406958 404964 403966 405969 410971
      413975 416977 416984 415998 415005 414012 411026 412038
      413046 415051 417056 421061 424066 424070 423083 425087
      429085 433081 437076 441074 447072
 0.50 315774 315763 312751 311741 310735 307733 299731 295730
      291732 274740 259750 255756 261762 267766 274772 279777
      285785 289792 295797 299799 303798 309791 313784 315774
 1.00 435069 435066 433064 431066 432068 433069 434070 435069
 1.00 431893 431885 430880 426881 424886 422890 420895 419900
      419903 420908 424907 427903 429900 431894 431893
 1.00 429016 430013 430011 430009 430006 430004 429002 427002
      425004 424006 424008 424011 425013 425014 426015 427018
      428017 429016
 1.00 307780 306773 305767 304761 304755 304748 302740 292738
      282744 279747 276751 276756 277762 284769 291775 294778
      297783 300787 302788 304787 307780
 1.50 299758 298755 297752 294750 292749 288750 287752 286756
      288760 289762 290763 293765 295765 297762 298760 299758

24HR QP VT 25/12Z
 0.01 527172 528163 527155 522146 518143 513141 507140 501137
      489123 478121 474118 469118 468115 470110 473108 475101
      476091 474086 472081 467078 463076 460074 457071 454067
      451058 449056 451054 452052 457051 460049 467049 472052
      476056 478060 482063 487061 492059 498052 499047 497042
      494033 491030 487029 479028 471031 463035 460036 455037
      452038 450036 450034 449031 449027 449020 450005 453993
      457981 460976 463971 467959 471949 474938 476925 479912
      483901 487893 491884 496878 500872 504862 508854 511846
      517835 519829 521824 524812 527806 528799 530786 529771
      526735 525726 523722 522715 520710 514688 511678 507670
      498654 495648 491645 484638 478632 473629 472627 469628
      465627 458628 454633 446641 441647 438656 435664 429678
      425688 421697 412713 407724 404729 403734 397758 394770
      391779 387787 380795 368805 365806 363803 363795 364784
      364775 364769 361767 356767 354762 355752 357747 361743
      364740 367735 377717 380707 381702 383697 375693 364692
      359691 354692 347698 342703 338711 331725 328732 327736
      327742 329754 323762 318771 316776 319781 324780 328778
      334773 337774 337778 338785 343797 344809 344814 343818
      344826 340832 334840 328846 317858 291890 280904 277910
      274913 273923 277929 283927 293922 301918 308914 313909
      326900 327899 329901 332904 337904 342902 356902 359905
      364907 375907 380907 383907 385909 384913 390914 395915
      396918 394922 396931 396942 394946 395952 396956 396963
      398973 399978 399986 402005 404010 404018 403030
 0.01 403030 401036 403041 402045 400047 395047 393045 390045
      390047 388050 390052 389057 385061 384068 386072 390080
      395085 401087 405090 406096 404100 400108 399113 401116
      407117 411120 415118 420119 423118 428119 431121 433126
      436125 439122 442121 444123 443130 443135 448136 453137
      455135 459133 461129 465124 468125 472131 474134 472137
      465144 463146 462154 461160 462165 458172 456177 459180
      464183 468182 472181 476183 481183 484182 490175 495166
      497161 494159 489153 489146 492145 493148 500155 511165
      515172 520172 523169 525170 527172
 0.01 507243 509237 508232 506226 501222 495220 493221 490221
      487215 484212 479212 473213 467209 456211 451210 446211
      437215 431215 425210 424207 424203 424199 426197 435194
      435189 434187 432183 427168 423156 421149 418145 414143
      412144 412148 414154 414160 413165 411184 406194 405198
      401199 395198 391197 389199 387201 386205 385210 383214
      381219 366232 365236 366240 364250 365257 369262 373265
      377270 386275 399283 409290 418297 427303 449298 456292
      465290 471287 475281 479275 482270 486267 489263 492258
      495254 507243
 0.25 498773 498765 497757 496741 494729 490718 487712 483711
      478713 472710 467706 463704 461708 457717 455721 454724
      453723 447719 440715 437717 436722 433737 428759 427770
      425779 422787 417792 408803 401810 394815 385820 378823
      372826 367831 355839 350847 347856 348863 350868 352876
      355882 364884 373884 381883 390884 394883 399881 406876
      412871 415869 418869 419872 418877 415885 413893 417897
      421899 425900 427906 427913 425917 422926 419936 418947
      417956 416966 415971 416976 418981 422982 426982 430981
      435975 443961 454952 459945 462933 463928 465924 469917
      472910 476901 480884 481871 482856 483851 486847 489838
      492819 494799 495791 496783 498773
 0.25 467247 468241 466235 464232 461230 454233 446234 437234
      430236 420237 414241 407246 401251 397253 393253 390255
      392258 402259 410260 416262 421262 428262 433261 437262
      442263 445262 452255 458251 465250 467247
 0.50 486786 486771 484766 481763 472751 467747 461747 457753
      453759 448766 443772 437777 433783 425793 416804 410810
      404816 393826 370839 364844 361848 361853 364860 371864
      375867 380867 384866 396860 402856 408851 423846 427845
      429846 427853 427859 426867 423877 420886 420891 423893
      428892 434888 440884 446882 451884 452888 451895 445899
      437913 431925 425940 424945 424951 423964 426968 430966
      435961 443951 451940 457921 465906 468900 470893 470882
      467873 467862 467850 468843 469839 474834 478818 479810
      483804 485798 486793 486786
 0.50 427249 426248 426247 425245 424244 424243 422241 420242
      419242 418243 416244 415246 414247 414248 414249 414250
      415252 417252 418252 419252 421251 422251 424251 426249
      427249
 1.00 471791 471786 469784 465779 459776 454777 448781 444786
      435795 427805 426809 426814 431816 436821 439826 446829
      448831 452829 457825 460820 469809 471792 471791
 1.00 447858 448853 444852 443850 439849 437852 435854 434857
      434860 436862 440862 443861 445860 447858

$$





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