Quantitative Precipitation Forecast
Issued by NWS

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000
FXUS04 KWBC 212200
QPFPFD

QUANTITATIVE PRECIPITATION FORECAST DISCUSSION
NWS WEATHER PREDICTION CENTER COLLEGE PARK MD
559 PM EDT THU AUG 21 2014


FINAL DAY 1...DAY 2 AND DAY 3 QPF DISCUSSION
VALID AUG 22/0000 UTC THRU AUG 25/0000 UTC
REFERENCE AWIPS GRAPHICS UNDER...PRECIP ACCUM - 24HR



DAY 1

18Z UPDATE...
MADE SOME ADJUSTMENTS BASED ON SATL/RADAR TRENDS AS WELL AS 18Z
HRRR...BUT CONFIDENCE IN QPF DETAILS IS QUITE LOW GIVEN LARGE
MODEL DIFFERENCES...SO CHANGES WERE BASICALLY RESTRICTED TO FIRST
PD.


MID MS VALLEY INTO THE MID TO UPPER OH VALLEY AND CENTRAL
APPALACHIANS

AN ACTIVE CONVECTIVE PATTERN EXPECTED IN THE VICINITY OF A FRONTAL
BOUNDARY AND ASSOCIATED AXIS OF ABOVE AVERAGE PW VALUES---1 TO 2
STANDARD DEVIATIONS ABOVE THE MEAN---STRETCHING FROM THE MID MS
VALLEY/LOWER LAKES TOWARD THE UPPER MS VALLEY DAY 1.  CONFIDENCE
HAS DECREASED WITH RESPECT TO THE DETAILS OF THE TIMING OF AREAS
OF CONVECTION AS THERE IS LARGE MODEL TO MODEL DIFFERENCES AND
LARGE RUN TO RUN DIFFERENCES---ESPECIALLY IN THE HI RES GUIDANCE
WHICH OFTEN WILL DEPICT THESE ORGANIZED CONVECTIVE REGIONS BETTER.
 MOIST WEST SOUTHWESTERLY FLOW INTO THIS BOUNDARY AND ENHANCED
UVVS ASSOCIATED WITH SHORTWAVES MOVING ALONG THE SOUTHERN EDGE OF
THE WESTERLIES WILL SUPPORT ADDITIONAL CONVECTIVE DEVELOPMENT
ALONG THIS FRONT.  THERE IS POTENTIAL FOR TRAINING OF CELLS IN A
GENERAL WEST NORTHWEST TO EAST SOUTHEAST DIRECTION THIS
PERIOD---SUPPORTING HEAVY TO ISOLATED EXCESSIVE RAINFALL AMOUNTS.
ALONG WITH THE DIFFERENCES IN TIMING AMONG THE MODELS---THERE IS
DIFFERENCES LATITUDE WISE WITH THE MAX QPF AXES.  DAY 1 QPF
FAVORED THE FARTHER OVERALL AXIS OF THE NAM--ALTHOUGH AMOUNTS WERE
INCREASED GIVEN TRAINING POTENTIAL.


UPPER MS VALLEY INTO THE GREAT LAKES

TO THE NORTH OF THE EXPECTED CONVECTIVE MAX QPF AXIS FROM THE MID
MS VALLEY/MID WEST INTO THE MID TO UPPER OH VALLEY---LESS
PRECIPITATION AMOUNTS ARE EXPECTED INTO PORTIONS OF THE GREAT
LAKES AND UPPER MS VALLEY.  THERE IS A LARGE VARIABILITY AMONG THE
LATEST GUIDANCE.  DAY 1 QPF LEANED TOWARD THE HI RES RUNS---WHICH
GENERALLY WERE SHOWING LESS PRECIPITATION AMOUNTS POLEWARD OF THE
FARTHER SOUTHWARD CONVECTIVE MAX.

NORTHEAST/COASTAL NORTHERN MID ATLANTIC

THE SLOW MOVING UPPER VORT AND ASSOCIATED FRONTAL BOUNDARY MOVING
EAST SOUTHEASTWARD FROM THE EASTERN GREAT LAKES---ACROSS THE
NORTHERN  MID ATLANTIC TONIGHT AND OFFSHORE OF SOUTHERN NEW
ENGLAND FRIDAY.  SHOWERS MAY REMAIN ORGANIZED AHEAD OF THIS FRONT
EARLY DAY 1---BEFORE THE SYSTEM WEAKENS AND MOVES OFFSHORE.
CONFIDENCE IS LOW WITH QPF DETAILS---WITH MODERATE AREAL AVERAGE
AMOUNTS DEPICTED.  THE HI RES GUIDANCE IS MORE EMPHATIC ABOUT
HEAVY PRECIPITATION POTENTIAL FROM SOUTHEAST NY/NORTHEAST PA INTO
NORTHERN NJ.

NORTHERN ROCKIES INTO THE NORTHERN PLAINS

THE MEAN TROF ACROSS THE NORTHWESTERN U.S. WILL AMPLIFY DAY 1 IN
RESPONSE TO SHORTWAVE ENERGY DIVING SOUTHEASTWARD FROM OFF THE
B.C. COAST INTO THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST TONIGHT AND EASTWARD ACROSS
THE NORTHERN ROCKIES FRIDAY.  MODEL CONSENSUS IS FOR TWO PRIMARY
AREAS OF PRECIPITATION WITH THIS AMPLIFYING TROF.  AN INITIAL
BATCH OF PRECIP ASSOCIATED WITH A LEAD SHORTWAVE EJECTING OUT OF
THE MEAN TROF POSITION TONIGHT INTO THE NORTHERN HIGH
PLAINS---EAST NORTHEASTWARD INTO THE REMAINDER OF THE NORTHERN
PLAINS DURING FRIDAY.  THIS WILL BE FOLLOWED BY ANOTHER ORGANIZE
AREA OF PRECIPITATION FORMING UPSTREAM ACROSS THE NORTHERN
ROCKIES/NORTHERN HIGH PLAINS IN RESPONSE TO THE MID TO UPPER TROF
AMPLIFICATION AND STRENGTHENING LOW LEVEL EASTERLY TO
NORTHEASTERLY FLOW. WITH FFG VALUES RELATIVELY LOW ACROSS THESE
AREAS---ISOLATED RUNOFF ISSUES MAY DEVELOP WITH EACH ROUND OF
ORGANIZED PRECIPITATION.

SOUTHWEST---SOUTHERN ROCKIES INTO THE SOUTHERN HIGH PLAINS

TO THE SOUTH OF THE AMPLIFYING UPPER TROF OVER THE NORTHWEST--THE
CLOSED LOW INITIALLY OFF THE SOUTHERN CA COAST WILL BE KICKED
INLAND THROUGH THE SOUTHWEST AND TOWARD THE SOUTHERN
ROCKIES/SOUTHERN HIGH PLAINS.  WIDESPREAD SHOWERS EXPECTED TO
CONTINUE AHEAD OF THIS CLOSED LOW IN A REGION OF WELL DEFINED
UPPER DIFFLUENCE AND ABOVE AVERAGE PW VALUES.  ISOLATED HEAVY TO
EXCESSIVE PRECIPITATION TOTALS POSSIBLE DAY 1 AHEAD OF THIS
TROF--ALTHOUGH CONFIDENCE ON PLACEMENT IS LOW.



DAYS 2 AND 3...


...MIDWEST/OH VALLEY/MID ATLANTIC/FL...

MOISTURE POOLING ALONG A FRONT STRETCHING FROM THE THE MIDWEST
THROUGH THE OH VALLEY INTO THE MID ATLANTIC STATES WILL FUEL
CONVECTION ON DAY 2. THE EASTERN PORTION OF THE FRONT DROPS SOUTH
INTO THE SOUTHEAST STATES ON DAY 3...AS HIGH PRESSURE EXTENDS DOWN
FROM NEW ENGLAND. THERE WAS FAIRLY GOOD MODEL AGREEMENT CONCERNING
THE OVERALL SYNOPTIC SETUP EACH DAY...SO THE WPC QPF WAS BASED ON
A BLEND OF THE 12Z ECMWF/GFS.

ON DAY 2...THE SURFACE FRONT WILL EXTEND FROM CENTRAL IL AND IN
INTO SOUTHERN OH THROUGH SOUTHEAST VA AND COASTAL NC. THE LOW
LEVEL FLOW WILL POOL PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES BETWEEN 1.75 AND
2.00 INCHES ALONG THE FRONT...WITH THE BEST INSTABILITY STRETCHING
ACROSS THE OH VALLEY INTO WV AND WESTERN VA. THE COMBINATION OF
MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY WILL FUEL CONVECTIVE CLUSTERS DURING THE
FIRST HALF OF THE PERIOD. THE BEST CLUSTERS SHOULD TRACK SOUTHEAST
FROM SOUTHERN OH INTO WV...AND IN THIS AREA 0.75 TO 1.50 INCHES OF
QPF WAS PLACED...WITH THE HIGHEST AMOUNTS ACROSS THE HIGHER
TERRAIN OF SOUTHEAST WV. THE THREE HOUR FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE
VALUES WERE CLOSE TO THE WPC QPF VALUES ACROSS SOUTHEAST WV...BUT
THE ACTIVITY SHOULD BE ON THE DOWNSWING AS THE FRONT MOVES SOUTH
AND INSTABILITY WANES. FOR THIS REASON...A SLIGHT RISK ARE WAS NOT
INCLUDED WITH THIS FORECAST.

THE FRONT BECOMES MORE NORTH SOUTH ORIENTED ON DAY 3...EXTENDING
FROM THE LOWER OH VALLEY TROUGH THE SOUTHEAST STATES INTO NORTHERN
FL. HIGH MOISTURE CONTENT AIR IS EXPECTED TO ACCOMPANY THE FRONT
SOUTHWARD...WITH PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES AGAIN IN THE 1.75 TO
2.00 INCH RANGE. THE BEST INSTABILITY NEAR THE FRONT SHOULD OCCUR
OVER THE SOUTHEAST...AND ACROSS THE CUMBERLAND PLATEAU. IN THESE
LOCATIONS...AREAS OF 0.25 TO 0.50 INCHES OF QPF WERE PLACED.
ACROSS THE REMAINDER OF FL...MODERATE TO STRONG INSTABILITY AND
PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES NEAR 2 INCHES SHOULD BE FOCUSED BY THE
SURFACE CONVERGENCE ASSOCIATED WITH THE SEA BREEZE BOUNDARIES. THE
MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY WILL FEED AFTERNOON AND EVENING
CONVECTION...AND A SWATH OF 0.25 TO 0.50 INCHES OF QPF WAS PLACED
DOWN THE CENTER OF THE PENINSULA.


...NORTHERN ROCKIES/NORTHERN AND CENTRAL PLAINS...

HIGH MOISTURE INTERACTING WITH FRONTAL BOUNDARIES ACROSS THE
NORTHERN ROCKIES AND NORTHERN AND CENTRAL PLAINS WILL POSE THE
THREAT FOR HEAVY TO EXCESSIVE RAINFALL ON BOTH DAYS 2 AND 3. THERE
IS A FAIR AMOUNT OF SPREAD CONCERNING THE PLACEMENT OF THE FRONTAL
BOUNDARIES...AND THEIR ASSOCIATED QPF MAXIMA...ESPECIALLY ON DAY
3. IN AN ATTEMPT TO MITIGATE SOME OF THESE DIFFERENCES...THE WPC
QPF WAS BASED ON A BLEND OF THE 12Z GFS AND THE LAST TWO ECMWF
RUNS. THERE WERE SOME POSITIONAL DIFFERENCES BETWEEN THE PREVIOUS
TWO ECMWF RUNS...AND THE 12Z SOLUTION WAS NOT AS CONSISTENT WITH
THE OVERALL CONSENSUS AS THE 00Z ECMWF SOLUTION WAS.
REGARDLESS...BECAUSE OF THE DIFFERENCES...THE FORECAST CONFIDENCE
WAS BELOW AVERAGE FOR BOTH DAYS.

TWO SYSTEMS WILL PRODUCE HEAVY TO EXCESSIVE QPF ACROSS THE REGION
ON DAY 2. MOISTURE ON THE NOSE OF A LOW LEVEL JET WILL INTERACT
WITH A FRONTAL BOUNDARY OVER THE CENTRAL PLAINS TO PRODUCE
CONVECTIVE CLUSTERS OR A POSSIBLE MCS DURING THE SECOND HALF OF
THE PERIOD. THE CONVECTIVE CLUSTER OR MCS SHOULD HAVE ACCESS TO
HIGH MOISTURE CONTENT AIR (IN THE FORM OF PRECIPITABLE WATER
VALUES BETWEEN 1.75 AND 2.00 INCHES...AS WELL AS LOW LEVEL
MOISTURE FLUX VALUES BETWEEN TWO AND THREE STANDARD DEVIATIONS
ABOVE NORMAL)...RESULTING IN THE POTENTIAL FOR HIGH RAINFALL
RATES. THE CLUSTER IS EXPECTED TO TRACK ALONG A FRONTAL BOUNDARY
AHEAD OF A SHORT WAVE CROSSING THE CENTRAL AND NORTHERN
PLAINS...PRODUCING AN AREA OF 2 TO 3 INCHES OF QPF ACROSS EASTERN
SD INTO CENTRAL NE. THREE HOUR FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE VALUES ARE
EXPECTED TO BE AS LOW AS 1.50 TO 2.00 INCHES ACROSS PORTIONS OF
EASTERN SD...SO A SLIGHT RISK AREA WAS PLACED OVER SOUTHEAST SD
AND A PORTION OF CENTRAL NE.

THE SECOND AREA OF HEAVY TO EXCESSIVE RAINFALL IS EXPECTED OVER
PORTIONS OF NORTHERN MT. AHEAD OF A SURFACE BOUNDARY ACROSS
CENTRAL MT AND A STRENGTHENING LONG WAVE TROUGH TRACKING EAST FROM
THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST...A 25 TO 35 KNOT LOW LEVEL SOUTHEAST INFLOW
DEVELOPS. PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES INCREASE TO NEAR 1.25 INCHES
(WHICH IS BETWEEN TWO AND THREE STANDARD DEVIATIONS ABOVE NORMAL)
IN THE LOW LEVEL INFLOW...AS DOES THE LOW LEVEL MOISTURE FLUX
(ALSO BETWEEN TWO AND THREE STANDARD DEVIATIONS ABOVE NORMAL).
MODEL SOUNDINGS SHOWED MARGINAL INSTABILITY ACROSS MUCH OF THE
STATE...AND LOW TOPPED AND PERSISTENT CONVECTION SHOULD DEVELOP
HIGH RAINFALL RATES IN THE HIGH MOISTURE CONTENT AIRMASS. IN
ADDITION...THERE IS SOME INDICATION THAT MID LEVEL FRONTOGENETIC
FORCING NEAR THE INTERNATIONAL BORDER COULD ENHANCE RAINFALL RATES
THERE.

THE COMBINATION SHOULD PRODUCE A LARGE AREA OF BETWEEN 1.00 AND
2.00 INCHES OF QPF ACROSS MUCH OF NORTHERN AND CENTRAL MT. AN AREA
OF 2 TO 3 INCHES OF QPF WAS PLACED NEAR THE ROCKY MOUNTAIN FRONT
RANGE...DUE MAINLY TO UPSLOPE IN THE LOW LEVEL EAST TO SOUTHEAST
FLOW.  ANOTHER AREA OF 2.00 TO 2.5 INCHES OF QPF WAS PLACED OVER
NORTHEAST MT...CLOSER TO THE BEST INSTABILITY AND LOW LEVEL
INFLOW. THREE HOUR FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE VALUES IN THESE LOCATIONS
SHOULD BE AS LOW AS 1.00 TO 1.50 INCHES. THE COMBINATION OF
RELATIVELY LOW FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE AND THE POTENTIAL FOR HIGH
RAINFALL RATES PROMPTED THE ISSUANCE OF A MODERATE RISK FOR THE
ABOVEMENTIONED LOCATIONS. A LARGE SLIGHT RISK AREA WAS PLACED OVER
MUCH OF THE NORTHERN TWO THIRDS OF MT.

SURFACE LOW PRESSURE DEVELOPING OVER ND OR WESTERN MN WILL PULL A
COLD FRONT ACROSS THE NORTHERN PLAINS ON DAY 3. AHEAD OF THE FRONT
AND THE LONG WAVE TROUGH CROSSING THE NORTHERN PLAINS (TAKING ON A
NEGATIVE TILT AS IT DOES)...PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES NEAR 1.75
INCHES SLIDE INTO MN AND WI... NEAR A WARM FRONT CROSSING THE
UPPER MS VALLY AND GREAT LAKES. CONVECTION IS EXPECTED TO FORM IN
THE AXIS OF HIGHEST MOISTURE...AND MODEL SOUNDINGS SHOWED MODERATE
INSTABILITY IN THE SAME AXIS. THE RESULTANT CONVECTION IS EXPECTED
TO PRODUCE A SWATH OF 1.00 TO 2.00 INCHES OF QPF STRETCHING FROM
EASTERN SD THROUGH MUCH OF NORTH CENTRAL MN. THREE HOUR FLASH
FLOOD GUIDANCE VALUES ARE AS LOW AS 1.00 TO 1.50 INCHES ACROSS
PORTION OF WESTERN AND CENTRAL MN...SO A SLIGHT RISK AREA WAS
ASSIGNED.

ACROSS EASTERN MT...THE LOW LEVEL SOUTHEAST INFLOW PEAKS NEAR 40
KNOTS DURING THE FIRST HALF OF DAY 3. PRECIPITABLE WATER AND LOW
LEVEL MOISTURE FLUX VALUES REMAIN BETWEEN TWO AND THREE STANDARD
DEVIATIONS ABOVE NORMAL ACROSS THE REGION...AHEAD OF THE
NEGATIVELY TILTING LONG WAVE TROUGH. THE SYNOPTIC SCALE ASCENT
PROVIDED BY THE LONG WAVE TROUGH...IN CONJUNCTION WITH THE HIGH
MOISTURE CONTENT AIR...SHOULD PRODUCE EXCESSIVE QPF ACROSS
NORTHEAST MT. THERE WAS A FAIR AMOUNT OF SPREAD CONCERNING THE
POSITION OF THE QPF MAXIMUM...WITH THE 12Z ECMWF THE FURTHEST
WEST...WHICH DOES NOT APPEAR TO FIT THE SYNOPTIC PATTERN. BASED ON
THIS...THE QPF MAXIMUM WAS ADJUSTED CLOSER TO A BLEND OF 12Z
GFS/00Z ECMWF...WHICH PLACED BETWEEN 2.00 AND 2.50 INCHES OF
ACROSS NORTHEAST MT. THREE HOUR FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE VALUES ARE AS
LOW AS 1.00 AND 1.50 INCHES (AND COULD BE EVEN LOWER AFTER DAY 2
QPF BECOMES ASSIMILATED). BECAUSE OF THIS...AND THE POTENTIAL FOR
HIGH RAINFALL RATES...A MODERATE RISK WAS PLACED OVER A SMALL
PORTION OF NORTHEAST MT. THIS WAS SURROUNDED BY A LARGER SLIGHT
RISK AREA...WHICH ENCOMPASSED NEARLY ALL OF THE REMAINDER OF
NORTHEAST MT.


...GREAT BASIN/CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN ROCKIES...

MOISTURE ON A LOW LEVEL SOUTHERLY FLOW WILL INTERACT WITH A LONG
WAVE TROUGH CROSSING THE REGION ON DAY 2. THE RESULTANT CONVECTION
COULD PRODUCE LOCALLY HEAVY RAINFALL ACROSS PORTIONS OF THE GREAT
BASIN AND SOUTHERN ROCKIES DURING THIS TIME. THERE WAS FAIRLY GOOD
MODEL AGREEMENT WITH RESPECT TO THE OVERALL EVOLUTION OF THE LONG
WAVE TROUGH (EXCEPT FOR THE 12Z NAM...WHICH APPEARED TO BE TOO
FAST WITH THE TROUGH AND SHORT WAVES EMBEDDED THEREIN).
THEREFORE...THE QPF WAS BASED ON A BLEND OF THE 12Z ECMWF AND 12Z
GFS.

MODEL SOUNDINGS SHOWED MARGINAL TO LOCALLY MODERATE INSTABILITY
ACROSS THE GREAT BASIN AND SOUTHERN ROCKIES ON DAY 2. PRECIPITABLE
WATER VALUES TOP OUT NEAR AN INCH ON A LOW LEVEL SOUTHERLY FLOW
AHEAD OF THE LONG WAVE TROUGH CROSSING THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST AND
NORTHERN ROCKIES. THE COMBINATION OF MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY
SHOULD BE SUFFICIENT TO SPARK CONVECTION ACROSS MUCH OF NORTHERN
UT...SOUTHERN WY AND WESTERN CO DURING THE AFTERNOON AND EVENING
HOURS. THE SYNOPTIC SCALE ASCENT ASSOCIATED WITH THE LONG WAVE
TROUGH SHOULD ALLOW FOR A GREATER EXTENT OF CONVECTIVE
DEVELOPMENT...SO A LARGE AREA OF 0.25 TO 0.50 INCHES OF QPF WERE
PLACED IN THE ABOVEMENTIONED LOCATIONS. LOCAL 0.75 INCH AMOUNTS
WERE PLACED IN THE HIGHER TERRAIN OF THE WASATCH RANGE IN UT...AND
THE ROCKIES IN WESTERN CO.


ORAVEC/SULLIVAN/HAYES

GRAPHICS AVAILABLE ON THE WEB AT WWW.WPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV



24HR QP VT 23/00Z
 0.01 536188 534163 533157 530155 529153 526148 525142 523128
      520117 513107 507096 501090 500087 500083 502078 502067
      500054 498032 496019 493010 488002 487996 485992 467985
      459979 452978 447979 440985 438986 437983 435979 430969
      430962 433957 441941 445935 447930 450926 457928 465928
      473933 479939 482942 486947 491955 492957 495957 499956
      507953 511937 512930 512926 510924 507916 505913 504910
      505907 507898 507891 505885 503880 503875 499865 494858
      491854 488848 477834 470827 464822 458815 450806 447804
      443800 441793 440784 439777 437773 436769 434763 438761
      443760 450760 466752 468752 467748 468741 469729 464720
      462716 461711 471691 472687 469684 464682 459679 456682
      452685 446688 443691 436694 431696 428699 410709 403711
      395715 392715 389713 386712 381709 366703 354706 350707
      347712 344714 341719 337731 336736 337744 339749 340755
      345764 349773 353781 359787 362796 359805 356813 355816
      356821 356829 356836 358848 365852 368848 371851 373864
      375869 379873 383877 386883 390893 398910 399916 398921
      396927 396934 396946 393956 389963 384970 371981 364989
      358994 351002 347004 344008 341012 337015 333019 329021
      320026 313030 310030 308028 301023 298021 296023 292031
      288038 283043 279045 274046 270046 266045 256043 249041
      243041 238043 235045 230049 227053 226057 229061 234069
      238075 241080 251094 257098 263099 269101 274106 281111
      288116 298118 302116 305115 307117 310120 313124 316129
      317134 318141 317150 317153 319154 325154 329154 335155
      345156 352161 355162 358163 360160 357157 353153 355150
      364146 368144 368140 367136 368131 373121 374118 374114
 0.01 374114 373109 368107 367102 369096 383093 392092 397099
      398102 397103 395108 389111 386113 384116 381119 381124
      385125 387127 391130 392135 393137 396137 408138 409141
      408143 408149 411155 413165 418173 431169 437167 441169
      444174 458175 461174 466175 469178 474179 476180 477183
      475186 471196 472201 470205 463208 461211 463215 471218
      481219 486220 490219 501212 516211 521205 524204 526201
      533195 536188
 0.01 312875 312871 310869 309859 307854 307846 305844 305839
      305835 306831 305825 303821 299815 295811 291807 287806
      274802 270801 270796 265793 263792 260793 257797 253800
      244808 241812 240817 246828 249831 255832 269834 274835
      279837 282838 283840 288845 291848 294853 300865 301872
      303878 305882 309882 312875
 0.25 509188 506171 511156 509149 505143 503137 501129 500121
      498113 495104 492097 488091 487084 487076 489071 484031
      481017 476012 471009 467006 462001 457996 450992 445993
      441998 439005 438009 439012 457070 443066 441069 443073
      447079 448087 448092 443091 438093 432094 429096 428099
      425108 421114 419121 420129 422136 425137 427135 437127
      443133 443137 441140 438141 437145 438149 440151 444155
      447156 451158 458157 465159 469159 472156 475146 480145
      487147 498154 500162 502166 501170 497177 492182 488185
      484189 484195 486197 492199 497197 502193 507191 509188
 0.25 442740 439731 440725 438722 435721 428725 418729 411732
      404733 391738 387739 384738 379732 376733 371736 368742
      368746 373751 374759 371765 370769 370775 371782 372790
      372799 371806 376820 382835 391858 396873 401887 405901
      408915 410930 413938 417945 422945 426941 428928 431913
      432901 433892 437880 437873 436866 442855 446848 446844
      445841 439831 436828 431825 421818 417813 413806 404782
      397771 394768 396764 402760 409761 415758 426754 433753
      436751 438748 442740
 0.25 412012 413006 413001 410998 407998 403005 399011 398021
      395030 394037 397040 400039 404038 405033 407026 410017
      412012
 0.25 350123 351121 350121 349119 349118 347118 346118 345120
      346122 347123 348124 350124 350123
 0.25 319069 318064 315060 309054 304052 298051 289053 277054
      269054 257051 247051 241050 237051 236053 240061 243064
      247068 253073 259082 264087 272093 280097 286098 291098
      300095 314086 316073 319069
 0.25 265819 265817 265815 264813 263811 262809 261809 260808
      258809 257809 256810 255812 256814 257815 259817 261818
      262819 263819 264819 265819
 0.50 494138 493128 492119 488104 487100 485098 481094 476087
      473083 469083 466084 461086 458086 456091 454098 451105
      451108 454110 460113 464113 466115 475125 479131 484135
      490138 494138
 0.50 483067 481049 480040 478032 474025 471021 466016 463011
      458005 453001 448996 445997 444000 444005 446009 449013
      451022 451032 452042 455048 466055 475064 481067 483067
 0.50 449109 445106 440103 435103 431106 428111 425117 423124
      424129 428125 432121 436118 441116 446113 449109
 0.50 418747 419742 418740 414739 410740 407741 404743 402744
      400746 398749 396752 398755 401755 405754 408752 410751
      413750 417748 418747
 0.50 428907 428896 428884 426864 426853 423846 416835 408822
      406815 405806 403798 401788 396784 392781 388781 384783
      380790 376803 375806 376811 380818 385831 390846 392853
      396860 398866 401875 405889 412922 415930 417933 419935
      422932 425926 427914 428907
 0.50 304076 303069 301064 296060 290060 277060 269059 263058
      257057 252058 250059 250062 253065 261074 268082 272086
      277088 284089 289088 295086 299083 304076
 1.00 424907 424905 422900 420903 418905 416907 416912 416917
      417921 419923 421926 422921 423919 423914 424909 424907
 1.00 422881 421866 419858 413848 411839 402823 397813 394803
      393796 390793 386795 383797 380808 383818 387828 391835
      395840 396845 399855 403864 407871 409876 411882 414891
      416890 419886 422881
 1.50 414872 415868 414862 412857 407844 403832 397820 389810
      385808 385815 387823 390829 396839 402850 403858 407863
      414872 414872
 2.00 404845 402842 399839 400835 398830 397825 395821 391817
      389817 390824 392828 394832 396835 398839 401843 404846
      404845

24HR QP VT 24/00Z
 0.01 528172 522162 525158 524155 517146 515142 516134 518129
      520123 519117 519112 516097 516087 518080 523058 524054
      525047 525040 527034 527027 526022 521012 518009 513006
      505003 498997 494987 491982 491974 489969 489962 490954
      494950 499944 502942 504947 504952 505954 509957 512957
      519952 524947 526942 527937 528932 529925 530920 529914
      527908 523905 508900 504874 504870 501873 499875 495876
      493871 490868 486866 477864 472861 469858 463849 458842
      450837 443834 438827 431823 427822 423822 424827 426830
      426833 424834 421836 417832 417826 418820 418815 420804
      425796 433788 436785 438782 435777 433771 430766 425767
      422767 421765 419761 413756 408751 402746 399744 396743
      396740 394730 384715 381710 376708 371709 368711 352720
      340726 335728 333732 332738 333745 336755 339758 342760
      344762 343765 341768 337777 337781 337787 332790 326796
      325799 324807 324808 328811 335817 336831 337834 339835
      343837 350840 354843 356850 353859 350866 350872 350875
      353875 357873 361867 364858 369856 373856 375857 381863
      385869 390877 394885 398894 401899 402906 403921 404926
      404934 402945 389956 381980 355996 340005 333012 327018
      321024 323027 318028 314030 307029 303029 300032 296040
      290047 267051 260054 248054 246056 244061 242064 245067
      264091 273096 284098 294100 302099 311096 313092 315086
      316081 318076 320069 322066 324065 339058 355053 363050
      371046 385039 394036 396039 396043 394049 382062 379067
      378069 374070 371071 372076 373082 375085 378086 380091
      382099 379110 377115 377120 376124 380127 381135 383139
      387141 391143 391150 391156 394154 400146 403150 405154
 0.01 405154 405158 406161 406168 411165 414162 418157 420148
      422143 427139 431145 433151 436155 440159 444165 447171
      449175 454180 456195 465201 476200 484209 487215 488222
      491222 493219 492211 492206 489204 486198 485193 483191
      481192 479189 480184 489181 495180 499181 503179 507175
      512173 519175 523176 528172
 0.01 473693 472685 470680 464678 460679 455683 453685 449687
      445690 443694 440697 437702 431708 423711 424716 427715
      429717 427727 423730 418733 424734 429733 435733 436737
      440739 444740 448745 452750 454747 455741 456737 457729
      456724 458718 461711 464705 468702 471696 473693
 0.01 478907 475905 472907 468910 467905 468898 466895 463894
      457892 453891 453890 454886 458881 459875 456872 447867
      429857 424853 419849 411845 405841 402844 402846 408857
      415866 419871 421876 427888 434896 442904 446908 450913
      453918 459920 464921 469919 478907
 0.01 386004 385002 383002 381002 380002 378004 376006 378007
      379007 381006 383005 385005 386004
 0.01 377008 376006 374006 373008 374009 376009 377008
 0.01 361018 359017 358017 356017 354017 353018 354020 356020
      358019 359019 361018
 0.01 309831 309821 306814 307809 305806 299804 295802 291803
      289809 284810 277814 273815 270813 270808 267807 263811
      258811 259818 256832 256835 257837 262839 266834 269829
      270824 277826 282828 287833 291838 294845 298857 303875
      304893 305895 306899 308902 309899 310894 310886 308852
      309839 309831
 0.01 253810 249809 243810 241813 240817 239821 238828 239833
      242836 244833 246829 247825 249820 251816 252812 253810
 0.25 511063 512058 513051 512040 510032 507027 497017 490006
      484995 477984 474977 473971 474962 475954 476945 477939
      475936 473934 471935 467939 462943 457945 453945 450942
      446937 438929 433930 429927 426921 428919 431918 435918
      438917 439914 436906 432902 427897 424893 417881 409868
      403857 397846 395839 393832 394825 399823 402820 404818
      407812 411806 413799 413788 411784 409782 400775 392766
      387756 383752 378750 368745 356739 351738 344738 341740
      340744 343751 347755 351760 352769 355775 360785 363790
      368793 373794 375798 374801 369806 365811 361817 358822
      357825 357830 362829 365829 367831 372838 385861 397879
      404892 409904 410909 411915 412926 413934 413943 410956
      408965 405971 399981 396987 396993 396002 397007 399009
      401016 405020 411025 417027 424038 429041 436042 440045
      441050 440059 437065 434071 438076 438079 438085 437091
      440093 445092 448093 448100 445107 445119 444128 441145
      441150 443153 448157 454166 459168 462164 480148 486148
      495149 501149 503147 504142 504124 503116 502105 502098
      502089 503082 505075 511063
 0.25 430111 431106 430102 425101 425098 429100 431096 429094
      425092 423091 422086 422074 412064 413051 407052 400055
      394064 386075 384077 384081 387086 392098 395101 397101
      400097 402094 403096 400104 397108 391109 387113 384120
      386125 391123 400130 407123 410121 413122 418126 421131
      422124 430111
 0.25 316056 317051 316046 313041 306043 302048 296052 290054
      275057 267058 261061 262070 263075 264078 277086 285089
      291089 294088 296085 297081 299078 309068 316056
 0.50 506060 508054 508048 507038 502030 498025 491023 488019
      486016 482015 478014 475017 473021 467023 453026 449025
      447024 446019 448018 451014 452010 452005 461994 464986
      465980 465975 464965 462962 459959 454957 450953 440945
      437942 436944 434948 432946 428941 424938 421938 420942
      419949 420959 420964 419968 414975 410980 406985 403989
      402000 403007 405012 407014 412018 418022 421023 424027
      426032 433035 438038 443042 446050 448058 444061 443067
      443073 444079 446082 450082 453081 456082 458085 457088
      454097 454119 452128 449136 447144 447150 451156 457161
      461160 463157 467152 476144 482143 488144 493144 497144
      497136 496113 496104 497092 500077 506060
 0.50 426905 423898 419892 413883 407871 401862 395849 391837
      387821 388817 390816 394812 396807 396802 394800 389798
      383800 377802 373806 366814 363820 363823 365825 376827
      380830 382833 383837 384846 385852 388859 391865 398874
      405883 410894 413900 417904 421907 426905
 0.50 408117 410112 407110 403110 400111 398111 395112 392114
      390115 388118 392120 395122 397122 400123 402123 404121
      406119 408117
 0.50 409075 408069 407065 403062 400063 398067 396072 394078
      395083 397085 400082 404079 408077 409075
 0.50 388783 389779 388775 385771 381761 373756 365748 357744
      350744 348747 353758 357770 361782 364787 368790 374788
      380789 383788 387785 388783
 0.50 303065 302062 301059 294059 286061 282066 278065 275064
      270063 268065 266069 267074 272077 281080 285079 287076
      294074 300069 303065
 1.00 503055 504048 504043 500037 497034 494035 490038 484041
      477042 471041 465039 459040 455042 455047 456061 460068
      463066 466067 468075 466083 464093 460100 459103 459106
      462112 465119 463127 460132 458140 457146 457150 459154
      461152 468141 473138 480137 486137 490138 491134 488117
      486110 487103 489094 493085 497072 501062 503055
 1.00 456983 456977 454973 450968 445963 438960 431962 428963
      426966 423987 412990 407996 406000 406005 408007 412008
      418006 422999 424999 424004 425009 427012 431013 434011
      439005 443997 453989 456983
 1.00 440033 440032 439031 438030 437031 438033 440034 440033
 1.00 387806 385805 381805 378806 376808 373810 371812 370815
      372819 374820 377821 379821 381820 382816 382814 384810
      386808 387806
 1.00 378771 377767 374763 371761 367759 364760 363764 364769
      365775 367780 370782 374780 377777 378772 378771
 1.50 500054 500046 496046 493050 488052 478049 472047 467047
      464052 466056 472058 473064 475071 477074 481079 484080
      488077 489071 490066 493066 496064 499059 500054
 1.50 487131 487123 484118 478111 477103 478101 481100 482097
      482092 475084 471083 468088 468097 467105 468112 470118
      469128 474132 479132 486133 487131
 1.50 452981 448974 445969 442966 433969 428971 428975 428987
      427001 428009 429011 433009 436005 439996 442992 445990
      451983 452981
 1.50 416003 416001 416998 415998 413998 412998 412001 413002
      414003 415003 416003
 1.50 380809 381807 380807 379807 378808 376809 376810 375811
      373812 372815 373815 375815 377815 378814 379813 379812
      380810 380809
 2.00 485128 485126 483123 482122 480120 479118 477118 475118
      475119 474120 473121 472123 472126 473128 474128 474129
      476130 478130 479129 481129 483130 484130 485128
 2.00 480072 481070 481067 481066 480064 479063 478063 477064
      476066 477069 479071 480072 480072
 2.00 476091 475089 474088 473086 471087 471088 471089 472091
      474092 476092 476091
 2.00 445985 447980 446976 443970 440970 438972 433975 431976
      431980 431987 431997 430004 432004 434002 436997 440991
      443988 445985


24HR QP VT 25/00Z
 0.01 546174 546168 546164 545155 538140 535136 532135 525133
      517131 509131 504134 496135 483127 482125 484124 487124
      491122 495123 501119 509117 513113 518109 527097 534083
      540067 540060 542055 542047 544041 546028 547014 550995
      547976 548955 550932 550905 549878 549863 548857 547853
      546846 545840 541834 536829 533824 531822 529814 529811
      530807 529804 525797 521797 510809 506815 503823 500830
      497838 495843 492846 490855 487864 484870 480876 475881
      469886 465889 463893 451921 447930 443935 433944 423954
      413967 410975 408983 405993 403002 402011 402016 403019
      402031 400034 399038 398050 398061 399069 402077 405083
      405086 408089 410091 410094 408098 406102 404104 395103
      396107 394110 391109 384112 381113 379117 377121 374123
      372129 374132 376130 380128 381125 406114 410112 411109
      411099 410096 411092 414092 417095 420097 421101 419104
      421107 425113 428115 430119 433126 436131 439134 438136
      435140 436144 436154 437159 440161 444162 448164 451172
      452179 455182 457182 462181 466177 467173 462167 465141
      464136 464132 470126 472135 475140 480147 484154 486162
      487166 486170 481179 479188 479194 477197 474200 470202
      464204 459207 452213 449216 448219 450222 452221 459222
      465221 471221 475218 479218 487221 492225 498232 501239
      505245 513247 516249 520245 523239 527231 533210 537201
      539192 543182 544177 546174
 0.01 464013 463012 462011 461010 460009 458010 459013 460013
      461015 463015 464013
 0.01 424829 423824 421819 417815 413812 398801 399790 397781
      395779 392780 377791 372790 368791 362799 357803 353805
      343808 339805 338803 338800 339789 340783 343779 351771
      355767 360765 367764 371762 373760 369758 364755 359756
      356756 356753 358747 360740 361733 358721 357716 354710
      348705 336706 331696 328694 325697 319722 316731 312741
      308749 303759 298766 293775 288785 289792 293795 303798
      314800 313804 311803 306803 295802 285804 275802 252801
      249806 247810 245815 246819 247821 253827 257830 261832
      267834 269839 277838 284845 287849 290853 291861 291869
      292885 293913 294921 295926 306926 310924 313920 320912
      323908 324902 328891 330887 333884 338881 344881 355882
      364886 374890 378893 381896 387895 392893 399893 404892
      408881 408877 405873 401870 398867 390861 382855 388852
      393852 399851 405848 409847 414844 418841 421837 424829
 0.01 383004 384995 383987 382982 381981 378979 377980 371981
      366985 355993 351993 351995 347001 341013 334025 330031
      324033 321032 318031 313028 307025 305023 303025 301026
      299029 299036 300040 299045 296050 292054 286057 281060
      274060 249049 238044 236038 235035 233036 227049 226056
      227062 228076 230082 233087 238093 240095 240100 243104
      247107 250111 256115 260120 262125 268125 275124 290125
      295122 298117 302112 304106 305097 305089 304082 304074
      305068 309063 316063 324064 331063 336060 339055 338049
      339043 342037 347034 353032 365027 375019 380012 383004
 0.25 541925 541914 540903 539877 537865 536860 533856 525847
      520845 516849 507861 491888 470903 465909 462915 458923
      454930 447942 441945 438947 437949 429964 427968 427974
      428985 430990 434992 438991 453989 460992 465998 469004
      470013 470019 469024 467026 459028 452027 446024 443024
      440027 437035 439043 441051 441061 440066 438069 438076
      437089 437095 439100 444105 451105 455106 459106 463108
      470110 476111 491106 495104 501100 505096 510091 514084
      517078 525064 529054 530045 539957 541925
 0.25 510178 511173 509170 507169 504168 502168 499170 497171
      495171 493173 495176 497177 500179 503181 504182 506182
      509180 510178
 0.25 509159 509157 509154 507156 506159 507161 508160 509159
 0.25 442111 442108 442107 441108 440108 439110 440110 442111
      442111
 0.25 420020 420017 420015 418017 417020 416022 415024 416025
      417024 418024 419022 420021 420020
 0.25 373848 372844 370842 366840 359839 358832 356828 354827
      350831 349838 348844 352844 355843 357846 360852 364852
      367849 370850 373848
 0.25 343759 344756 343753 341747 338738 335725 334721 332717
      327723 323731 319739 316749 315753 318757 326758 335760
      339760 343759
 0.25 331859 330857 329856 327855 325853 324853 323853 322854
      321855 320856 319858 320860 322862 324863 326863 328863
      330862 330861 331859 331859
 0.25 321836 318828 314820 311818 306818 297818 294817 292813
      286808 278808 273809 267808 259808 256810 257815 258819
      260821 270822 277825 285825 291821 294819 296822 305835
      305840 303842 304846 309847 315843 319840 321837 321836
 0.25 296082 297076 297070 293067 290064 273066 262064 253061
      245060 237055 233055 234059 237063 240066 241075 244084
      248090 254097 259102 262105 268107 276109 280108 284106
      291102 292099 291094 289091 290087 294085 296082
 0.50 538941 538930 538917 538905 537895 536882 535878 532875
      522867 515869 511873 506879 503885 496900 490904 485904
      482907 479910 475910 471911 469915 466920 459934 450945
      445949 440954 437959 434967 434973 434978 436982 439984
      443985 447984 455983 469982 472981 474979 474977 476975
      479972 480968 482968 483972 483978 483983 479989 477995
      475004 473016 475025 473029 471031 463032 457034 450036
      448037 447042 448048 449051 453056 454059 454062 451073
      448075 447078 451083 457089 463100 470104 477104 483102
      488102 490100 499092 509084 513078 517072 520063 524054
      524041 523033 522028 523022 524012 526005 528999 531988
      533976 534966 535957 538941
 0.50 333743 333739 332737 331733 329731 328731 327734 325738
      325740 324743 325747 326747 330747 333745 333743
 0.50 292079 294076 293073 289070 284070 278070 267071 263074
      256072 252071 252073 252082 253086 256090 263097 267101
      272103 277102 279098 283086 291081 292079
 0.50 285817 284816 284815 282814 281813 280813 279813 278813
      277814 275815 275816 274818 275819 276820 277820 279820
      281820 283819 284817 285817
 1.00 534928 534915 533905 528899 523897 517899 513905 514916
      512924 508926 504925 500925 497923 492917 485916 479919
      474923 464935 455944 450949 447958 445960 441961 438964
      437968 438972 441974 444973 447970 452966 458963 462962
      465959 468952 474947 476946 480946 488943 492943 494944
      499950 503956 506965 510971 515967 519961 529955 533941
      534928
 1.00 516056 514050 511043 502031 500025 501017 505009 510004
      512998 512986 510983 509984 507986 505984 504988 501989
      499987 496986 491991 487997 481009 480014 481019 485025
      488030 484035 482037 478038 472040 469039 466041 461039
      458041 458045 462050 464058 462069 463080 464085 465087
      470092 473093 477093 487086 492082 498080 503076 507071
      513065 515060 516056
 1.50 530933 530931 531928 531926 531923 531920 530918 529916
      528915 526916 525918 525919 524920 524923 523926 523928
      523931 524934 525936 526938 528938 529936 530935 530933
 1.50 516952 517947 516942 515939 512938 509939 507940 505942
      504946 504947 505952 507954 509955 512955 514955 516952
 1.50 507063 508058 507055 503050 495042 491040 485042 480042
      474044 471048 471057 471061 470063 466068 465074 466081
      471084 476084 481080 485076 490075 495072 504067 507063
 1.50 495003 495002 493001 492003 493005 493007 495005 495003
 1.50 485927 484924 484922 482923 481924 481926 480927 481928
      482929 484928 485927
 1.50 469940 470937 470935 469933 467933 466935 464937 464938
      463940 462940 461942 461944 460945 461946 462947 464947
      466946 467944 468942 469940 469940
 2.00 501062 502057 500056 496055 495052 492048 485047 480047
      478049 477054 479060 482067 487068 491065 493063 495064
      499064 501062
 2.00 470076 471073 470071 469070 468070 469073 469075 470076
      470076

$$




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