Quantitative Precipitation Forecast
Issued by NWS

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028
FXUS04 KWBC 182027
QPFPFD

QUANTITATIVE PRECIPITATION FORECAST DISCUSSION
NWS WEATHER PREDICTION CENTER COLLEGE PARK MD
426 PM EDT FRI AUG 18 2017


PRELIM DAY 1...DAY 2 AND DAY 3 QPF DISCUSSION
VALID AUG 19/0000 UTC THRU AUG 22/0000 UTC
REFERENCE AWIPS GRAPHICS UNDER...PRECIP ACCUM - 24HR

DAY 1

NORTHEAST TO MID-ATL/SOUTHEAST COAST AND GULF COAST

A STRONG SURFACE COLD FRONT AND A PUSH OF DRIER AIR IS SURGING
THROUGH THE OH VALLEY/APPALACHIANS THIS AFTERNOON. OUT AHEAD OF
THIS COLD FRONT DEEP TROPICAL MOISTURE IS WIDESPREAD, TWO PLUMES
OF PWS GREATER THAN 2 INCHES APPROACHING 2.25 INCHES. THESE AIR
MASSES WILL CLASH AND WIDESPREAD SHOWERS AND THUNDERSTORMS ARE
ANTICIPATED AND EXPECTED OVER THE NORTHEAST AND MID-ATL REGIONS.
AT THE START OF THE FORECAST PERIOD, THIS THRIVING CONVECTION AND
COLD FRONT WILL BE SURGING TOWARD COASTAL AREAS OF NEW
ENGLAND/NORTHEAST AND MID-ATL BEFORE PRESSING OFFSHORE. HEAVY
RAINFALL CHANCES APPEAR RATHER HIGH FROM MAINE TO EASTERN LONG
ISLAND AND NEAR THE DELMARVA COAST TO COASTAL NC. WPC GENERALLY
USED A BLEND OF THE HI-RES AND GLOBAL MODEL GUIDANCE BUT GIVEN THE
DEEP MOISTURE, THESE AREAL AVGS COULD BE BYPASSED. ALSO, THE
LEADING EDGE OF THE FRONT AND PRE-FRONTAL TROUGH WILL SURGE
THROUGH THE SOUTH AND STALL NEAR THE GULF COAST TO THE NORTHERN FL
PENINSULA. THIS IS WHERE DIURNAL HEATING AND PULSE TYPE HEAVY
CONVECTIVE RAINFALL WILL BE POSSIBLE, ALONG WITH MORE SEA BREEZE
ACTIVITY OVER THE REST OF THE FL PENINSULA.

OH VALLEY INTO MID TO LOWER MS VALLEY

AN UPPER AIR DISTURBANCE ALOFT IS QUICKLY ON THE HEELS OF THE
STRONG SURFACE COLD FRONT OVER THE EAST. THIS FEATURE NOW NEAR THE
UPPER MS VALLEY WILL DIG SOUTH AND EAST TOWARD THE OH VALLEY OVER
THE NEXT 24 HRS. DESPITE NOT HAVING A PLETHORA OF MOISTURE CONTENT
TO WORK WITH, SCATTERED SHOWERS AND STORMS ARE ANTICIPATED WITH
DIURNAL HEATING FROM IN/OH/WESTERN PA BACK INTO THE TAIL END OF
THE TROUGH OR THE MID TO LOWER MS VALLEY. THERE IS NOT A CONSENSUS
FROM THE HI-RES PACKAGE AND GLOBAL MODELS ON THE EXACT ORIENTATION
AND LOCALE OF THE POTENTIAL LOCALIZED HEAVY RAINS. WPC GENERALLY
FOLLOWED A 5 WAY BLEND OF THE GFS/ECMWF WITH THE HI-RES NAM
CONEST/ARW AND NMMB FOR QPF AMOUNTS.

NEW MEXICO

A SMALL SCALE VORT MAX WITH A SURGE OF MONSOONAL MOISTURE COULD
REACH SOUTHERN NM AND WEST TX BY THE END OF THE FCST PERIOD. THIS
COULD BE THE START OF A MULTI-DAY RETURN OF INCREASING MONSOONAL
MOISTURE ACROSS THE FOUR CORNERS REGION.

DAYS 2 AND 3...


...CA/GREAT BASIN/ROCKIES/SOUTHWEST...

A CLOSED MID LEVEL LOW CROSSES CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN CA DURING DAYS
2 AND 3. THE FLOW BETWEEN THE MID LEVEL LOW AND MID LEVEL RIDGING
OVER THE WESTERN GULF OF MEXICO ALLOWS DEEPER MOISTURE TO MOVE
INTO THE REGION...AND THE DEEPER MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY FEED
CONVECTION THAT PRODUCES HEAVY TO EXCESSIVE RAINFALL...ESPECIALLY
DURING DAY 3. THERE WAS GENERALLY GOOD MODEL AGREEMENT WITH THE
OVERALL SYNOPTIC SETUP...SO THE WPC QPF WAS BASED PRIMARILY ON A
BLEND OF THE 12Z ECMWF/GFS.

DAY 2...
SHORT WAVE ENERGY EJECTED FROM A CLOSED MID LEVEL LOW COMING
ASHORE OVER CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN CA DURING DAY 2 INTERACTS WITH
MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY OVER THE GREAT BASIN TO PRODUCE SCATTERED
CONVECTION. PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES TOP OUT NEAR AN INCH OVER
THE SIERRA NEVADA RANGE (WITH SOME PACIFIC MOISTURE
CONTRIBUTION)...COMBINED WITH SLOW CELL MOTIONS (FOSTERED BY
RELATIVELY WEAK 850-300 MB MEAN WINDS)...COULD SUPPORT AN AREA OF
0.25 TO 0.50 INCH QPF AMOUNTS OVER THE UPSLOPE AREAS OF THE SIERRA
NEVADA RANGE. LOCAL 1.00+ INCH QPF AMOUNTS ARE POSSIBLE HERE...AND
THREE HOUR FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE VALUES ARE AS LOW AS 1.00 TO 1.50
INCHES. BECAUSE OF THIS...A MARGINAL RISK AREA REMAINS IN PLACE
FOR DAY 2.

FURTHER SOUTHEAST...CLOSER TO THE WESTERN EDGE OF THE MID LEVEL
RIDGE OVER THE GULF OF MEXICO...THE MOISTURE CHANNEL IS DEEPER
ACROSS PORTIONS OF SOUTHERN AND EASTERN NM. A 20 KNOT LOW LEVEL
SOUTHEAST FLOW TRANSPORTS 1.25/1.50 INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR
(WHICH IS ABOUT TWO STANDARD DEVIATIONS ABOVE THE MEAN) ACROSS
THIS AREA. SHORT WAVE ENERGY ON THE WESTERN EDGE OF THE MID LEVEL
RIDGE TRACKS OUT OF NORTHERN MEXICO INTO SOUTH CENTRAL NM...WHICH
PROVIDES AN AREA OF SYNOPTIC SCALE ASCENT FOR ORGANIZED CONVECTIVE
DEVELOPMENT.

THERE WAS A MULTI MODEL SIGNAL FOR 1.25 TO 1.75 INCHES OF QPF
ACROSS FAR WEST TX INTO SOUTH CENTRAL NM...WITH 0.25 TO 0.50 INCH
QPF AMOUNTS EXTENDING NORTH INTO THE SAN JUAN MOUNTAINS IN CO.
THREE HOUR FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE VALUES ARE AS LOW AS 1.00 TO 1.50
INCHES OVER SOUTH CENTRAL NM... SO A SLIGHT RISK AREA REMAINS IN
PLACE HERE FOR DAY 2.

DAY 3...
THE MAIN FOCUS FOR DEEP MOISTURE REMAINS OVER CENTRAL AND EASTERN
NM INTO SOUTHWEST CO ON DAY 3. THE SHORT WAVE ENERGY IS NOT QUITE
AS ROBUST ON DAY 3. MODEL SOUNDINGS SHOWED MARGINAL TO LOCALLY
MODERATE INSTABILITY BASED MAINLY OVER THE HIGHER TERRAIN IN
NM...AND THE DEVELOPING CONVECTION IS INITIALLY TIED TO THE
TERRAIN. SLOW CELL MOTIONS EARLY COULD RESULT IN CELL MERGERS AND
SHORT TERM TRAINING...AND A STRIPE OF 1.00 TO 1.50 INCHES OF QPF
WAS PLACED OVER EAST CENTRAL NM.  HEAVY RAINFALL COULD AFFECT THIS
REGION DURING DAY 2...RESULTING IN WET SOILS...SO A LARGER SLIGHT
RISK AREA WAS PLACED OVER MUCH OF NM INTO NORTHERN AZ FOR DAY 3.

AS THE MID LEVEL CLOSED LOW COMES ASHORE OVER SOUTHERN CA...THE
MID LEVEL STEERING FLOW WEAKENS ACROSS THE SIERRA NEVADA RANGE OF
CA DURING DAY 3. THE MOISTURE REMAINS DEEPER HERE...WITH
PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES TOPPING OUT NEAR 1.25 INCHES (WHICH IS
BETWEEN TWO AND THREE STANDARD DEVIATIONS ABOVE THE MEAN).
MARGINAL INSTABILITY AND DEEP MOISTURE...COMBINED WITH SLOW CELL
MOTIONS...ARE EXPECTED TO FEED CONVECTION THAT PRODUCES AN AREA OF
0.25 TO 0.50 INCHES OF QPF HERE. LOCAL 1.50+ INCH QPF AMOUNTS ARE
POSSIBLE...DUE PRIMARILY TO SLOW CELL MOTIONS...SO A SLIGHT RISK
AREA WAS PLACED HERE FOR DAY 3.


...NORTHERN AND CENTRAL PLAINS/MID AND UPPER MS VALLEY/UPPER GREAT
LAKES...

SHORT WAVE ENERGY IN THE INCREASINGLY FAST MID LEVEL FLOW
INTERACTS WITH DEEP MOISTURE AND STRONG INSTABILITY ALONG FRONTAL
BOUNDARIES TO PRODUCE CONVECTION CAPABLE OF HEAVY TO EXCESSIVE
RAINFALL...ESPECIALLY DURING DAY 3. THERE WERE SOME DIFFERENCES IN
THE PLACEMENT OF THE FRONTAL BOUNDARY ACROSS THE UPPER MS VALLEY
ON DAY 3...SO THE PLACEMENT OF THE MAXIMUM QPF WAS BASED ON THE
MORE SOUTHERLY 12Z GFS POSITION. OTHERWISE...THE WPC QPF WAS BASED
MAINLY ON A BLEND OF THE 12Z ECMWF/GFS.

DAY 2...
SHORT WAVE ENERGY EJECTED FROM A CLOSED MID LEVEL LOW OVER
SOUTHERN CA CROSSES THE ROCKIES INTO THE CENTRAL PLAINS DURING DAY
2. THE SHORT WAVE ENERGY PROVIDES SYNOPTIC SCALE ASCENT OVER A
FRONTAL BOUNDARY EXTENDING FROM WESTERN NE INTO NORTHERN MO. THE
FRONTAL BOUNDARY FOCUSES DEEP MOISTURE (WITH PRECIPITABLE WATER
VALUES BETWEEN 1.75/2.00 INCHES) AND MODERATE TO STRONG
INSTABILITY OVER SOUTHEAST NE/NORTHEAST KS INTO NORTHWEST MO IN
THE 21/06Z AND 21/12Z TIME FRAME. THERE IS A MULTI MODEL SIGNAL
FOR AN MCS TO FORM ON THE NOSE OF A 25 TO 35 KNOT LOW LEVEL JET
ACROSS SOUTHERN NE...WHICH TRACKS INTO NORTHWEST MO BY 21/12Z.

AN AXIS OF 0.75 TO 1.25 INCHES OF QPF WAS PLACED HERE...WITH LOCAL
2.00+ INCH QPF AMOUNTS POSSIBLE. THERE WAS SOME SPREAD ON THE
PLACEMENT OF THE MAXIMUM QPF AXIS...AND THE WPC QPF AXIS WAS
CLOSER TO THE PLACEMENT OF THE 12Z GFS. THREE HOUR FLASH FLOOD
GUIDANCE VALUES HERE ARE FAIRLY HIGH (GENERALLY ABOVE 2.50
INCHES)...SO A MARGINAL RISK AREA WAS PLACED HERE FOR DAY 2.

DAY 3...
THE FOCUS FOR HEAVY TO EXCESSIVE RAINFALL SHIFTS TO THE NORTHERN
PLAINS/UPPER MS VALLEY/UPPER GREAT LAKES DURING DAY 3. SHORT WAVE
ENERGY RIDING OVER A FRONTAL BOUNDARY EXTENDING FROM SD TO MN/IA
PROVIDES SYNOPTIC SCALE LIFT OVER MUCH OF THE NORTHERN PLAINS AND
UPPER MS VALLEY...ESPECIALLY DURING THE SECOND HALF OF THE PERIOD.
A 35 KNOT LOW LEVEL SOUTHWEST FLOW TRANSPORTS 1.75/2.00 INCH
PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR OVER SOUTHEAST SD/SOUTHERN MN INTO MUCH OF
IA...WHEN MODEL SOUNDINGS SHOWED MODERATE TO STRONG INSTABILITY...
FOCUSED ON AND JUST SOUTH OF THE SURFACE FRONT.

CONVECTION IS EXPECTED TO FORM ON THE BEST INSTABILITY
AXIS...WHICH SHOULD STRETCH FROM SOUTHEAST SD ACROSS SOUTHERNMOST
MN INTO CENTRAL AND EASTERN IA. THERE IS STILL SOME LATITUDINAL
DIFFERENCES AMONG 12Z MODELS CONCERNING THE PLACEMENT OF THE FRONT
(AND BEST INSTABILITY AXIS)...AND THE WPC AXIS OF 1.50 TO 2.25
INCHES OF QPF OVER CENTRAL AND EASTERN IA WAS BASED MORE CLOSELY
ON THE 12Z GFS PLACEMENT. WHILE THREE HOUR FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE
VALUES HERE ARE GENERALLY ABOVE 2.50 INCHES...TRAINING OF
CONVECTION ALONG THE FRONT ALONG THE INSTABILITY AXIS COULD RESULT
IN LOCAL 3.00+ INCH QPF AMOUNTS (SUPPORTED BY MEMBERS OF THE 12Z
GEFS OUTPUT). WITH THIS IN MIND...THE DAY 3 SLIGHT RISK AREA WAS
EXPANDED TO INCLUDE SOUTHEAST SD...SOUTHERN MN INTO NORTHERN AND
EASTERN IA.


...NEW ENGLAND...

A NEGATIVELY TILTED LONG WAVE TROUGH CROSSING NEW ENGLAND PUSHING
A FRONTAL BOUNDARY ACROSS THE REGION DURING THE SECOND HALF OF THE
PERIOD. MOISTURE AND LIMITED INSTABILITY AHEAD OF THE FRONT COULD
PRODUCE LOCALLY HEAVY RAINFALL...ESPECIALLY OVER WESTERN AND
NORTHERN ME. THERE WAS GENERALLY GOOD MODEL AGREEMENT WITH THE
TIMING OF THE TROUGH AND SURFACE FRONT...SO THE WPC QPF WAS BASED
ON A MULTI MODEL BLEND.

A NEGATIVELY TILTED LONG WAVE TROUGH CROSSING NEW ENGLAND DURING
DAY 2 PUSHES A WEAKENING OCCLUDED FRONT ACROSS THE REGION...MAINLY
DURING THE SECOND HALF OF THE PERIOD. MOISTURE IS SUFFICIENTLY
DEEP TO SUPPORT LOW TOPPED CONVECTION ACROSS NORTHERN VT/NORTHERN
NH INTO NORTHERN AND WESTERN ME...BUT MODEL SOUNDINGS SHOWED
MARGINAL INSTABILITY (AT BEST) THROUGH THE FRONTAL PASSAGE. THIS
SHOULD LIMIT CONVECTIVE POTENTIAL...SO AN AREA OF 0.25 INCHES OF
QPF WAS PLACED IN THE ABOVEMENTIONED AREAS.


...MID ATLANTIC/SOUTHEAST/FL...

DEEP MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY FEED CONVECTION ALONG AND AHEAD OF A
WEAKENING FRONTAL BOUNDARY EXTENDING FROM THE MID ATLANTIC ACROSS
THE SOUTHEAST STATES INTO FL DURING DAYS 2 AND 3. THE CONVECTION
COULD PRODUCE HEAVY TO LOCALLY EXCESSIVE RAINFALL EACH DAY. THERE
WAS GENERALLY GOOD MODEL AGREEMENT...SO THE WPC QPF WAS BASED ON A
MULTI MODEL BLEND.

DAY 2...
A SLOWING FRONTAL BOUNDARY EXTENDING FROM THE MID ATLANTIC STATES
ACROSS THE SOUTHEAST TO THE CENTRAL GULF STATES ACTS AS A FOCUS
FOR DEEP MOISTURE (WITH PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES OF 2.00+ INCHES)
AND MODERATE TO STRONG INSTABILITY THAT FEEDS SCATTERED TO BROKEN
CONVECTION...WHICH IS MAINLY DIURNALLY DRIVEN. AN AXIS OF 0.75 TO
1.25 INCHES OF QPF EXTENDING FROM EASTERN NC INTO PORTIONS OF FAR
NORTHERN FL. SLOW CELL MOTIONS AHEAD OF THE SLOWING FRONT COULD
RESULT IN LOCALLY HIGHER AMOUNTS (WITH 2.50 INCH AMOUNTS POSSIBLE
WHERE SHORT TERM TRAINING OCCURS)...SO A MARGINAL RISK AREA WAS
PLACED HERE FOR DAY 2.

FURTHER SOUTH...DEEP MOISTURE (WITH PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES IN
EXCESS OF 2.25 INCHES) ASSOCIATED WITH A SURFACE TROUGH MOVING
WESTWARD ACROSS CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN FL DURING DAY 2 WILL FEED
CONVECTION THAT PRODUCES AN AXIS OF 0.75 TO 1.50 INCHES OF QPF
STRETCHING FROM EAST CENTRAL FL TO THE UPPER KEYS. GIVEN THE DEEP
MOISTURE (AND POSSIBLE TRAINING IN THE DEEP EASTERLY FLOW)...LOCAL
3.00+ INCH QPF AMOUNTS ARE POSSIBLE...ESPECIALLY OVER URBAN AREAS
OF SOUTHEAST FL. BECAUSE OF THIS...A MARGINAL RISK REMAINS IN
PLACE FOR DAY 2.

DAY 3...
THE FRONT DISSIPATES ACROSS PORTIONS OF THE SOUTHEAST STATES AND
EASTERN GULF COAST ON DAY 3...AS THE BEST SUPPORT FOR THE FRONT
SHEARS OUT TO THE NORTHEAST. THE REMNANT WIND SHIFT LINE SERVES AS
A FOCUS FOR THE DEEP MOISTURE AND MODERATE INSTABILITY TO FEED AT
LEAST SCATTERED...DIURNALLY DRIVEN CONVECTION ACROSS SOUTHERN
AL/SOUTHERN GA/NORTHERN FL INTO COASTAL SC. IN MOST PLACES...LOCAL
0.50 INCH QPF AMOUNTS ARE EXPECTED.


GRAPHICS AVAILABLE ON THE WEB AT
WWW.WPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/QPF/QPF2.SHTML


MUSHER/HAYES


24HR QP VT 20/00Z
 0.01 536209 538195 537185 530172 521159 516153 511153 505147
      504149 505153 509160 512162 514166 512172 509170 507169
      505171 504178 505183 505187 509189 513196 516203 529211
      531213 534212 536209
 0.01 517265 517260 515255 512253 511249 510243 508238 503231
      501221 499214 494211 492215 484213 479212 475212 469212
      462218 462223 464224 469223 474225 477225 481224 484223
      489225 493232 495236 497242 501247 509263 515268 517265
 0.01 530790 530782 529776 528768 526761 523755 520751 520745
      521737 521733 519728 513717 510711 508705 503694 499683
      496673 493663 488654 482647 477638 471637 463638 452640
      443639 438638 437641 430650 399679 386691 376702 370709
      365717 355730 344745 340753 334762 327768 324773 321776
      317780 309786 293798 273793 251793 238806 237806 235812
      236818 238822 243823 254821 263826 266827 264828 263832
      270838 273842 275846 277857 277860 279864 281888 282899
      286906 291922 295931 299935 297939 297947 294951 290953
      288958 306954 312954 316956 320956 325956 330956 333953
      337950 341952 344954 342958 338962 333961 330960 329963
      328967 329970 331975 330977 327977 321981 317984 318987
      322989 324995 324003 327002 333995 339995 342991 343983
      343980 344976 346978 349978 354978 356981 356984 351985
      350987 351993 353002 350006 345008 343011 344015 349016
      348019 343025 335038 334043 337046 344040 346039 347041
      347045 345050 341054 338055 332054 326046 327042 328039
      324037 322033 316032 298027 294024 289023 283023 279020
      269018 263014 258016 257027 259035 252041 249044 248049
      247057 248062 249070 252075 257082 259086 263089 270095
      274102 282107 290106 298103 314100 318099 320097 322094
      326092 330092 334089 338087 340090 338093 340096 342090
      343083 351075 345074 344072 347070 355065 358067 362065
      363056 365053 368051 368041 374036 376032 379030 384029
      385034 386045 385052 382050 379050 378052 379058 375060
      375066 373075 374080 377082 381079 383072 386069 399074
      401074 399069 398067 399064 403063 405057 400050 397047
      394042 394037 398037 400032 402031 404032 407034 410031
      415023 418020 421023
 0.01 421023 424027 428031 436038 440036 437033 433029 430023
      428017 427013 430011 433009 434004 429996 425989 421986
      415986 410988 409990 407989 403984 400983 396986 394992
      391003 388006 388011 388016 386018 382022 380023 377023
      372023 364028 359030 355034 350037 349034 350030 355028
      358024 359018 360012 364000 368992 371990 373985 387968
      389963 390956 395953 398952 400949 403938 405933 407935
      416952 417960 421963 424962 428959 430957 432957 436961
      444958 447961 449962 452962 461958 470955 476952 477948
      479949 479943 479940 482937 484937 484933 484923 478913
      474903 473897 471898 458913 456915 454913 451907 448903
      447894 446886 443880 442871 439867 433861 431859 431852
      431837 432826 432808 432804 429798 433793 434786 436780
      439775 441773 442777 440783 440788 440796 438807 438814
      440815 446814 449818 449821 455821 461822 472844 477855
      480862 486864 489869 488876 488881 495886 497884 500883
      503878 506874 507867 508858 512854 516853 519850 525838
      531819 530801 530793 530790
 0.01 503273 503267 501261 500258 497253 495249 491247 490251
      492256 494260 496265 499268 501273 503273
 0.01 479937 477935 477934 476933 475934 474937 476938 477938
      479937
 0.01 473942 473935 471930 469927 465923 464921 462922 460925
      457928 454932 454940 455943 457943 461945 465944 469942
      472942 473942
 0.01 468885 468879 467876 466863 467853 465849 463848 460855
      453859 446860 446872 451878 458880 462881 464883 466886
      468885
 0.01 448077 448073 446072 445070 442067 440067 438067 436069
      436071 438071 440070 441072 443072 444075 446077 448077
 0.01 444930 443921 440911 437904 433897 427893 424896 423900
      423912 425921 430926 433925 436923 440927 442930 444930
 0.01 398231 398229 397229 396228 395228 394229 393230 393231
      395232 397232 398231
 0.01 408117 410102 409098 406095 405100 401104 397101 393101
      395104 394107 392108 388102 385099 382103 383106 386109
      380116 377123 374128 375133 375139 377142 381152 383161
      384166 384170 385172 387175 391174 394169 397166 400164
      399159 397154 399151 402151 403149 402144 404139 403133
      406123 408117
 0.01 396205 394202 391199 387194 384188 379182 376179 373179
      370182 367181 359183 359185 362187 369191 374195 380201
      383203 387204 396206 396205
 0.01 399134 399132 399129 400127 400125 399122 397120 395120
      393121 392121 391123 390125 391127 393128 394130 394131
      394133 394135 395137 397136 397135 399134
 0.01 397770 394768 391769 388775 381780 378785 373791 372796
      374801 377802 381800 386795 391791 394788 395784 396780
      396775 397770
 0.01 382818 380812 377815 370820 365825 360832 357839 354841
      350846 347846 352839 355832 356829 356826 358823 360820
      361816 364814 368813 371810 372807 371805 367803 364807
      359812 356817 353821 349823 347822 348816 347810 346806
      340802 335804 332807 325812 317824 313831 311835 311841
      308858 312866 314869 312873 312878 313880 321877 349862
      355857 361851 368847 371840 382818
 0.01 375884 375882 375880 375878 375875 373873 371871 371873
      370876 370878 368880 368882 367885 366887 367889 369889
      370888 372888 374887 374886 375884
 0.01 364896 365894 363892 362894 360896 362897 364897 364896
 0.01 358874 357872 355871 354871 352871 350871 348873 347875
      348877 350879 352878 354878 356878 357876 358874
 0.01 349969 349967 348966 346967 345969 344969 343971 343973
      344976 346974 348971 349969
 0.25 522808 521802 519798 517797 514798 511796 508798 505803
      501809 497819 496832 498840 501840 506834 512826 516818
      521814 522808
 0.25 507737 506723 506718 504712 499706 493706 484709 476709
      474710 473714 475722 474727 471729 466734 463741 462747
      463753 465757 468760 475759 479758 482760 486767 488770
      491770 498767 502760 505753 506743 507737
 0.25 469668 467661 464655 459650 454648 449647 445648 440650
      434654 430658 426663 418674 412681 405691 398702 390713
      384720 375727 364735 355743 350752 345763 342768 339773
      333785 331789 330794 329798 331801 334798 338793 344790
      346789 348792 353790 356795 357799 359799 364796 365791
      367786 371780 375774 381771 385768 388764 390759 393754
      413738 417728 423725 426721 433718 437714 442709 444707
      447707 445711 445718 445726 447726 447721 450714 451711
      452709 455709 459709 464706 464699 469695 470693 468691
      470689 469681 469668
 0.25 446741 446740 445739 444739 442739 440740 440743 441743
      442745 443745 445746 446744 446741
 0.25 452949 448945 443942 437941 430940 425938 421934 419936
      419940 423944 427947 431949 437949 442947 447949 452949
 0.25 436744 435741 433740 432742 430744 430745 429746 427748
      426750 426751 426753 426754 428754 430752 431750 432749
      433749 434747 435746 436745 436744
 0.25 427774 426772 423772 420772 415770 412772 411775 407783
      401790 394799 393806 394815 392824 386825 382829 385831
      388830 393828 398829 406826 411828 413833 414837 411842
      411849 413854 414862 413867 411877 401899 398912 396913
      392911 389905 384903 382905 381908 382914 377918 371924
      370931 372937 376941 381943 386944 392944 393939 392933
      393927 394924 397924 402925 403919 406906 411899 415895
      417890 420876 422865 423859 421853 417841 419827 419813
      421801 423784 427774
 0.25 421999 420998 420996 419995 417994 415995 414996 413996
      412998 412000 411001 411002 413003 415003 417003 418002
      420001 420000 421999
 0.25 407017 407014 406013 404012 402013 402014 402016 404018
      406018 407017
 0.25 371956 369950 367945 365939 364934 360923 361918 357916
      346919 345925 344930 346935 350938 355940 356945 354950
      350953 348956 350959 355958 364958 368959 371956
 0.25 359045 358044 356043 355043 354044 354046 355047 356047
      357047 358046 359045
 0.25 344915 344914 343912 342912 341911 339911 337911 335912
      335913 337914 338915 339915 341916 342917 343917 344916
      344915
 0.25 324894 322883 318885 315890 312894 309894 304891 302895
      299900 295898 292910 293914 295916 299917 304916 308916
      313919 317920 319920 321916 319909 320901 322898 324894
 0.25 317815 314809 312807 309807 293811 289809 281807 276804
      273805 271807 268814 265816 263816 263813 265810 266808
      263807 256805 253803 254799 251799 247804 247811 254814
      257815 259818 261820 264821 272820 280818 285816 290819
      289825 286827 281828 277832 281838 283842 283846 284852
      285856 287873 292879 295880 297876 299861 299851 303844
      307831 312820 317815
 0.25 313079 312071 312064 309060 307059 299057 290056 285054
      272049 264049 260053 258061 259067 265079 269085 273088
      279092 285094 292093 298091 302091 304089 309085 313079
 0.25 311930 310928 308928 306927 306928 305930 306931 308932
      310931 311930
 0.25 307875 308873 308871 306870 306871 305873 305874 304876
      305877 307877 307875
 0.25 261799 259799 258799 259799 261799 261799
 0.50 498734 499729 498724 496721 493721 491723 490726 489729
      488733 488736 490739 492741 493741 495740 498737 498734
 0.50 480741 480739 480736 479736 478736 476736 475738 473740
      472743 470745 469746 468746 469748 471748 472749 473748
      474747 475746 477745 478744 479744 480742 480741
 0.50 462671 460664 458659 453655 445654 437659 430664 426669
      415683 411690 408698 405708 404711 406717 410724 412725
      416723 426710 429708 434706 438705 441701 453691 460676
      462671
 0.50 446945 445944 443944 442945 443946 445946 446945
 0.50 435947 433945 431944 430943 428945 430946 430947 431948
      433949 435947
 0.50 419792 419788 415786 407789 402793 397799 396804 396809
      398815 400818 405811 407808 408806 410806 412810 413814
      416813 417809 418802 419792
 0.50 418999 417997 415997 414998 415001 417000 418999
 0.50 412894 411893 410892 408893 406894 405896 404896 403899
      403900 402901 402903 403905 404903 405903 406901 408899
      409898 410897 411896 411894 412894
 0.50 394750 390749 387752 383752 381748 378747 376749 374752
      373756 372760 374763 377764 380766 385766 387763 389758
      391753 394750 394750
 0.50 395920 395917 393917 389918 386921 381922 378925 375929
      375934 377937 380935 383931 386927 388924 392922 395920
 0.50 379737 378736 376737 374737 373738 373740 372740 371741
      369742 369741 368741 367741 366743 365744 366746 368746
      370744 372744 373743 375742 377740 378739 378738 379737
 0.50 374769 372766 369766 365764 365760 366755 363749 359752
      353760 347762 346767 342777 341783 344785 348784 351780
      353774 356770 363763 365766 363769 367771 368774 371773
      374769
 0.50 364780 364776 363771 361771 360774 359777 358781 358784
      358788 358792 359795 361797 362794 362790 362787 363782
      364780
 0.50 314815 308816 303819 301820 300824 296826 290829 284830
      283834 284837 286842 289848 289855 289863 290870 293875
      296872 297857 295850 296845 297840 299839 302835 307824
      310818 314815
 0.50 318915 317913 316911 315909 313908 312909 312911 313913
      314913 315915 316915 317916 318915
 0.50 305083 305070 307064 303062 292060 282059 272055 265055
      263059 263063 265068 269077 272081 275085 280088 286088
      297088 302086 305083
 0.50 298819 299817 298815 297815 296817 296818 295820 296821
      298820 298819
 0.50 290812 287810 282809 279809 277811 275809 273808 271810
      269813 267816 270819 275818 277814 282814 288814 290812
 0.50 259811 259809 258809 256808 254808 253809 252810 253810
      254812 255812 257813 258812 259811
 1.00 454666 451661 446661 436666 431670 428674 421682 416691
      416705 417709 420708 424704 431697 436693 441693 447684
      452674 454666
 1.00 386760 386758 384759 383761 383763 385764 385763 386761
      386760
 1.00 362758 360756 359757 357758 357759 356761 356762 354764
      356764 358764 358763 359762 360760 361760 362758
 1.00 352766 352764 350763 349765 349766 348767 347769 347772
      346773 346774 344775 344777 344779 345780 347780 347781
      347780 348780 350778 351775 351773 350771 351769 351768
      352766
 1.00 294079 294074 292071 289070 284070 280069 275069 273072
      274075 277078 281080 285081 290082 294080 294079
 1.00 295838 296836 295835 295834 293834 292835 292836 290837
      289837 290837 292837 292839 294839 295839 295838
 1.00 292066 291066 289066 291068 292066
 1.00 294859 294857 293855 293854 292855 292858 292860 293861
      294859
 1.50 447675 446669 443667 435671 430676 425681 421687 420692
      420697 421703 424701 428695 433689 437687 439688 443686
      444683 447675
 1.50 350776 348775 346776 345776 346778 347778 348777 350776
 2.00 443679 444673 442672 437674 432678 428683 425686 422692
      422697 424696 427692 430686 435682 438680 442682 443679

24HR QP VT 21/00Z
 0.01 516281 518270 517266 518260 517257 517251 516248 513247
      508246 504247 502251 495262 489262 485266 483276 485284
      484294 483304 484311 486315 488317 493318 499316 506301
      513287 516281
 0.01 539963 539949 538943 535938 528933 532925 533923 533919
      532913 532906 533899 534887 535874 535867 534861 531851
      528848 524847 520849 516852 511860 507864 507861 508858
      510852 510843 507837 501838 496839 493841 485847 469851
      465855 463859 460867 459873 457877 452879 451882 447892
      443903 438911 431916 427919 424921 421919 419918 417920
      412924 407925 402924 394922 391922 387924 383935 377934
      373934 370932 365925 363920 365915 371908 375907 377904
      378900 378894 378891 376889 373887 369885 364884 360883
      355884 352885 348885 343882 340880 336880 334878 323878
      314874 310865 308860 307853 308847 310843 313837 330806
      341790 344779 348770 351766 356763 359764 363763 364761
      368757 369753 370743 370737 368732 361725 360719 358716
      356712 354709 351709 348711 344719 340728 339732 336735
      320767 315776 311785 306794 302799 300796 302793 304785
      307775 310768 314761 317757 318752 318747 315744 308748
      303753 295759 286766 273781 268787 265790 262790 256790
      252792 247793 242792 238793 237798 236804 234809 234813
      235817 238824 243831 247839 251841 257841 265838 282833
      286833 290835 295837 295845 293850 290854 289859 290864
      293870 297874 298879 296884 291903 289906 289911 291921
      292935 291946 288956 286960 287963 288965 291964 296962
      304958 308958 312960 322961 328960 333959 339963 341976
      344989 347999 353006 356009 356015 357020 355023 353027
      349030 346031 342033 325039 307039 304047 299050 293050
      283052 275051 270050 261046 259045 259042 259035 252046
      250063 249071 253079 260084 265091 274096 276100 279103
      288109 300110 309111 311115 314118 318119 320115 321112
      324111 327112 329114 334115 338117 341121 338126
 0.01 338126 338131 340134 345138 350144 352146 352148 350151
      350157 353159 360157 365158 369156 372150 377143 380141
      383143 388149 388155 387161 385174 383178 380181 372181
      361180 357194 359201 360205 363208 367209 368207 366203
      365197 367194 370194 377200 382206 388209 393211 398211
      400207 400201 398196 395193 391194 389191 388187 390181
      392179 397171 403167 405165 405160 411153 415156 419155
      421151 418148 416146 414141 411138 408138 405139 403137
      404134 407126 409116 413109 413102 412097 408089 403084
      403076 406074 410073 413070 416062 415053 413052 411047
      408037 406027 409018 413009 421006 424001 429995 434990
      438981 442969 446962 449954 456951 460957 458967 457969
      460973 466970 470968 472963 476958 484954 487952 491952
      499954 499958 497961 495965 495971 501975 511977 530977
      533976 536971 539963
 0.01 507099 507094 506091 505083 504081 504075 504068 502065
      499064 495066 493074 491081 493087 496088 499090 500098
      503101 507099
 0.01 491690 488666 487660 484653 481651 477650 473649 469651
      465649 462646 455640 449641 446641 436644 432645 428648
      414661 409669 408673 409680 412685 416686 418688 420685
      423684 428679 433677 438678 441682 444686 443701 440709
      434716 431720 426722 427731 432737 426743 422752 420757
      420765 419775 420780 423782 427780 429776 434767 440761
      445759 449756 453747 454740 456737 461730 467723 472720
      476717 483710 488701 490695 491690
 0.01 477077 478056 476046 479044 479039 480028 480017 478009
      475999 473993 469988 466986 462986 457988 456999 455010
      456027 451024 451021 451015 449015 447017 446029 447037
      443033 440031 439026 439020 437016 433013 425013 420017
      418024 421039 422044 424046 430051 434055 441055 444053
      446051 448039 450047 451056 455063 462065 466069 469073
      473077 477077
 0.01 383972 383967 382964 381965 377972 377976 375979 372981
      368981 365980 362976 359969 357975 357980 359985 359989
      364996 373996 375994 377990 380983 382974 383972
 0.01 350199 351197 351195 350192 350190 349189 347188 346189
      346191 345193 345196 345198 345200 345201 347202 348201
      349200 350199
 0.25 517902 516902 516900 515899 514897 513897 511896 510896
      508897 507898 507899 506900 507902 507903 508904 510905
      510906 512907 513907 515907 516905 516904 517902
 0.25 483675 481669 478666 475664 470663 467663 462665 460669
      459674 461679 464681 469680 473683 476683 480681 482676
      483675
 0.25 481867 477864 472867 469873 467878 464884 462891 466893
      470889 472883 474877 479872 481867
 0.25 437945 437940 436937 433935 430938 429940 428942 428945
      428948 427952 428956 430958 433957 435954 435951 436947
      437945
 0.25 412998 413990 413980 410966 411949 410947 407946 403947
      399944 391944 387947 387952 388955 394965 395972 394980
      394988 396995 397001 399003 403004 408003 412998
 0.25 386198 386196 383193 381191 379190 376188 373186 371185
      369186 369188 371190 374193 376194 377196 380198 384200
      386198
 0.25 393057 394055 393054 392054 390053 389054 389056 390058
      391059 393057 393057
 0.25 379076 381071 380067 375062 370057 366052 356044 352043
      347043 340044 326045 319048 313052 303057 295059 286058
      278058 271056 263054 260056 258059 259066 262072 273081
      278084 282089 284091 289092 296092 311090 319089 324086
      332087 336088 340087 344081 349075 352070 358068 365066
      369068 372071 375078 379078 379076
 0.25 357732 355728 351724 348726 345732 334751 330761 326773
      323782 320788 315791 314796 314800 313806 310811 307814
      306816 307820 310823 314823 317821 314817 314813 320803
      325794 332785 338777 344768 350758 354748 357741 357732
 0.25 348925 348919 347914 346909 343906 342908 342912 343919
      343924 342930 341933 343936 346933 348928 348925
 0.25 317917 316913 316909 315907 313905 312901 309899 308902
      307905 307909 308912 310914 312916 315918 317917
 0.25 297794 298789 296784 293774 290773 286775 281780 276786
      269791 263794 258796 253797 246796 242799 241802 239810
      240816 241819 245825 251832 259833 264832 268831 274816
      273814 276811 284808 291804 296798 297794
 0.50 408989 409984 409980 408977 407973 405970 404968 402966
      398968 398969 398972 399977 400979 400984 401987 403990
      406991 408989
 0.50 375069 375068 374066 373066 373067 374069 375069 375069
 0.50 350744 347739 343744 339748 336754 334758 332763 331772
      333774 337771 341766 344761 347756 349751 350744
 0.50 347059 348053 344051 334048 326049 318052 311057 307059
      303061 286060 278062 266061 263063 264067 271074 277078
      288081 295085 301086 305085 308082 311081 317081 322080
      326080 329078 331071 335069 340064 347059
 0.50 295792 288778 284779 282782 278788 271793 262796 260798
      255799 247798 244800 243805 241813 250826 255828 256823
      255820 254815 255811 256807 258805 263805 271806 278805
      287802 292798 295792
 1.00 336058 335054 330054 323056 317059 311062 306066 300069
      303075 312075 318072 323068 330065 335060 336058
 1.00 293069 293068 291068 289068 288066 287066 288067 289068
      289069 291069 293069 293069
 1.00 252804 251802 250801 248802 247802 246803 246805 247806
      248806 249807 249806 250806 252804

24HR QP VT 22/00Z
 0.01 494725 492710 490696 488691 485689 481687 475689 471692
      469697 463707 459709 458714 456724 451748 451756 453768
      456781 452789 449794 445797 442799 438803 432823 428833
      426836 422839 417841 413843 408851 395866 387872 384874
      380875 375875 372878 364884 359890 350894 342899 337905
      335908 333909 333906 333896 333889 330886 326883 324878
      323870 323863 326855 329844 330837 332833 337814 342806
      345799 349789 350779 350766 349759 350753 350742 348739
      345736 341738 338742 335752 332756 327759 318765 311770
      306776 301783 300786 301788 300790 297794 292796 286797
      282796 266795 261795 256796 249802 247806 246811 247817
      251817 260820 257827 258833 258836 256838 253840 253843
      254850 258858 262864 267870 271879 276887 277891 278896
      282904 285907 289909 294917 297921 298926 296936 293933
      292929 279928 274928 269930 267934 266940 266945 264949
      262953 259956 257960 257964 260968 263969 271973 273974
      273977 276979 284976 288977 291972 298967 308954 312947
      315944 319941 322938 325937 326941 329944 330950 332956
      334959 339965 345965 349963 354961 356957 360946 363943
      367941 376943 379945 382947 385952 387958 389963 391966
      392969 391972 389975 384983 384986 387990 390993 394994
      405994 410996 414000 414014 410023 404028 398034 392041
      383044 379046 374044 372042 372039 373035 390006 372977
      369980 371986 372991 372998 366006 363009 358011 347010
      344012 341014 338017 334019 325023 309029 293037 291039
      289043 283049 279051 272051 268052 262052 259054 256058
      256064 258068 262077 263083 267086 273091 282095 286097
      286101 288106 290108 296115 299118 304119 310118 312120
      315120 317125 318129 324130 328129 328124
 0.01 328124 330119 333116 337120 338125 339129 342132 344137
      342141 341147 343151 348156 354162 358169 358175 358179
      355187 364191 366194 370197 384207 390211 395213 398216
      401218 405220 408218 409212 405205 402202 397199 390196
      388193 386188 380182 376175 376172 378171 381174 388180
      396180 404178 414164 419157 421147 423144 424138 425130
      426127 425116 428113 428107 429101 433100 437102 440102
      445102 450103 455103 457101 455077 457074 459076 461079
      465080 468079 469071 471066 471060 473056 475051 475045
      475041 479040 485036 490029 493026 494020 493014 489010
      486010 483014 479020 473025 469018 467008 465995 463986
      461972 465949 468927 469922 469916 470911 471904 473893
      478885 481880 483875 484866 489846 490821 491809 490794
      487784 486778 487773 491754 493738 493730 494725
 0.01 423091 424084 423079 422072 421067 417067 415069 414072
      415076 413076 410080 411084 414089 415094 420093 423091
 0.01 376803 375801 372801 367807 362812 357817 354824 351831
      353833 355830 360827 365822 370815 373810 376803
 0.01 350201 350199 350197 350194 350192 350190 349189 347189
      346189 346191 346193 345196 346198 346200 347202 349202
      350201
 0.01 281809 280805 278803 274803 272802 270802 267801 266804
      266808 267812 269814 273813 275811 278810 281809
 0.01 278824 276824 276822 274820 272821 270821 268822 267822
      265823 267823 268823 270823 272824 274824 276824 278824
      278824
 0.25 472758 471748 470744 467743 465745 464749 464758 465780
      465787 465796 463802 460809 457815 452820 450826 448834
      449841 448848 438875 436881 432883 428884 426882 420879
      415879 410883 406887 403895 402902 399910 398918 398925
      396942 395950 395957 399963 403962 404955 405950 409951
      419957 422964 422974 423982 425989 425998 422004 420008
      424014 431014 438012 441997 445991 448987 451981 452972
      453962 455953 457935 459919 462903 466888 471855 473848
      473839 473823 475815 475806 473796 472788 472758
 0.25 452029 452025 449020 446017 443017 440020 439026 437031
      437038 440041 443043 445044 446041 447036 450033 452029
 0.25 409110 410108 410105 410103 410101 410098 408096 406098
      406100 406101 406102 406105 405105 405107 404109 405112
      407113 407112 409110 409110
 0.25 383195 383193 380190 378188 377186 373184 372183 368182
      365182 363183 362184 364186 367189 369191 372192 374193
      377195 381197 383195
 0.25 394057 393055 392054 391054 391057 391058 393058 394057
 0.25 383076 385071 383066 382063 377060 362056 358050 356047
      356041 357037 357033 353031 349033 338043 332045 328038
      322039 315038 309042 304045 296048 289050 283054 276057
      261061 262066 264068 269073 274078 281082 285083 290083
      297082 305081 309080 312078 318076 325078 338080 342079
      343075 350079 352082 356082 362079 369077 372082 375086
      380085 383076
 0.25 364157 363156 362157 364157 364157
 0.25 360136 361134 361132 361130 361127 361125 361124 359123
      358125 357125 356127 355129 355131 356133 356134 357136
      357137 359137 360136
 0.25 326784 324781 320782 315787 309791 303795 298800 296807
      300811 309810 313809 315811 317811 319808 321799 324793
      325786 326784
 0.25 323838 310831 304826 302828 300833 297831 293832 289834
      284833 275832 269829 266832 264835 261844 263849 265853
      269859 271861 275863 277862 279859 282859 286860 290860
      293858 296851 297846 299843 303842 305843 307847 310848
      317844 320842 323839 323838
 0.25 313064 312064 311064 310066 311067 312066 313065 313064
 0.50 465851 465841 464834 462831 460829 454830 452836 454841
      456845 455850 453857 452864 449870 447877 446884 447894
      450900 453905 455907 458906 461891 463885 464878 464858
      465851
 0.50 449942 448928 447916 443907 437902 434897 430897 427898
      424897 416893 412893 409896 407908 406919 405929 406935
      409940 414946 421951 424953 427957 425968 427980 429983
      433986 437985 440982 441969 445960 448949 449942
 0.50 350048 350044 348042 344043 340046 336049 331051 326055
      324057 326059 332062 337058 342056 347053 350048
 0.50 310801 309800 307801 305801 303803 303804 305804 306803
      307802 309802 310801
 0.50 309053 300052 294052 291054 283057 275060 268064 268066
      271069 278074 283075 286072 293067 299061 300055 303055
      307055 309053
 0.50 290847 288841 286839 282837 277837 273835 270835 268837
      266841 268844 272847 275849 280849 285850 290847
 1.00 435973 435957 435949 436945 434942 433936 433928 432921
      429914 422907 417905 414905 412908 411915 412924 413931
      415938 419942 423945 428944 431948 431954 432961 432971
      435973
 1.00 344052 345050 343048 342050 342052 343052 344052
 1.00 338054 338053 336052 334052 332053 331053 330054 329055
      328057 330058 331058 332057 334057 336056 338054 338054
 1.50 428935 429930 428926 427923 425921 424918 422914 421914
      419914 418919 418924 419928 419931 420935 422938 424939
      427938 428935

$$





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