Quantitative Precipitation Forecast
Issued by NWS

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000
FXUS04 KWBC 220831
QPFPFD

QUANTITATIVE PRECIPITATION FORECAST DISCUSSION
NWS WEATHER PREDICTION CENTER COLLEGE PARK MD
330 AM EST WED FEB 22 2017


PRELIM DAY 1...DAY 2 AND DAY 3 QPF DISCUSSION
VALID FEB 22/1200 UTC THRU FEB 25/1200 UTC
REFERENCE AWIPS GRAPHICS UNDER...PRECIP ACCUM - 24HR

DAY 1...

...SOUTHERN MID-ATLANTIC DOWN TO FLORIDA...

THE LOWER MS VALLEY CLOSED LOW WILL BE TAKING AN UNUSUALLY FAR
SOUTHEASTWARD TRACK THROUGH THE PERIOD...WITH THE GUIDANCE
INDICATING A TRACK DOWN ACROSS THE EASTERN GULF OF MEXICO ON WED
AND THEN FAR SOUTH FL AND THE FL KEYS THROUGH EARLY THURS. THE
MODELS INDICATE A BAND OF HEAVY SHOWERS AND SOME THUNDERSTORMS
ADVANCING ACROSS ESPECIALLY THE CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN PARTS OF THE
FL PENINSULA AS A CORRIDOR OF STRONGER UPPER LEVEL
DIVERGENCE/FORCING AROUND THE EASTERN FLANK OF THE UPPER LOW DIGS
SOUTHEAST ACROSS THE EASTERN GULF OF MEXICO AND FL WHILE
INTERACTING WITH A POOL OF RATHER DEEP SUBTROPICAL MOISTURE AND
MODEST INSTABILITY. ALTHOUGH THERE IS EXPECTED TO BE SOMEWHAT
STRONGER LOW LEVEL CONVERGENCE AND POOLING OF INSTABILITY ALONG
THE ATLANTIC COAST OF THE PENINSULA...AND SO SOMEWHAT HEAVIER
RAINS ARE LIKELY ALONG THE EASTERN AND SOUTHEASTERN PORTIONS OF
THE PENINSULA. WPC QPF FAVORS SOME 1 TO 2 INCH RAINFALL AMOUNTS
WITH ISOLATED HEAVIER AMOUNTS FOR CENTRAL AND SOUTH FL. FARTHER
NORTH UP ACROSS THE SOUTHEAST AND INTO PARTS OF THE SOUTHERN
MID-ATLANTIC REGION...SOME MOISTURE WILL HAVE SPREAD NORTH WITHIN
A BROAD WARM ADVECTION REGIME AND THERE WILL BE SOME SCATTERED
AREAS OF LIGHT RAIN WITH THIS.


...CENTRAL/NORTHERN CALIFORNIA...PACIFIC NORTHWEST...GREAT BASIN
INTO THE CENTRAL/NORTHERN ROCKIES...

BROAD CYCLONIC FLOW WILL OVERSPREAD THE WESTERN U.S. THIS PERIOD
AS A PAIR OF SHORTWAVE TROUGHS PIVOT THROUGH THE INTERMOUNTAIN
WEST. THE LEAD SHORTWAVE WHICH IS NOW CROSSING CENTRAL/NORTHERN CA
WILL BE EJECTING EAST ACROSS THE GREAT BASIN AND INTO THE CENTRAL
ROCKIES LATER WED THROUGH WED NIGHT. A WAVE OF LOW PRESSURE WILL
BE DEVELOPING OVER SOUTHEAST UT AND MOVING INTO WESTERN CO AS THE
SHORTWAVE ENERGY ARRIVES. A STRIPE OF FRONTOGENETICALLY ENHANCED
SNOWFALL WILL BE SETTING UP OVER THE GREAT BASIN BY EARLY
WED...BUT THIS WILL THEN BECOME A BIT MORE FOCUSED/CONCENTRATED
OVER THE WASATCH/UINTAS AND INTO THE NORTHWEST CO HIGH COUNTRY AND
ADJACENT AREAS OF SOUTHERN WY INCLUDING THE MEDICINE BOW MOUNTAINS
LATER WED THROUGH EARLY THURS. FARTHER NORTH...RELATIVELY MOIST
CYCLONIC FLOW AND OROGRAPHICS WILL PROMOTE NUMEROUS SNOW SHOWERS
UP ACROSS THE NORTHERN ROCKIES AND STREAKING OUT INTO THE
IMMEDIATE HIGH PLAINS. FARTHER WEST...THERE WILL STILL BE SOME
ADDITIONAL SHOWER ACTIVITY IMPACTING PARTS OF WESTERN WA/OR AND
DOWN INTO ESPECIALLY NORTHERN CA. WATER EQUIVALENTS ACROSS THE
WEST SHOULD GENERALLY BE IN THE 0.25 TO 0.50 INCH RANGE...WITH
SOME POCKETS OF 0.50 INCH+ IN THE CENTRAL ROCKIES.


...UPPER MS VALLEY/GREAT LAKES...

A NORTHERN STREAM SHORTWAVE WILL BE STREAKING ACROSS THE NORTHERN
PLAINS AND TOWARD THE UPPER MS VALLEY/GREAT LAKES REGION WED
THROUGH WED NIGHT. THIS WILL DRIVE A WAVE OF LOW PRESSURE AND A
COLD FRONT ACROSS THE REGION. A STRIPE OF LIGHT RAIN AND SOME SNOW
ALONG THE NORTHERN AND BACK EDGE OF THE PRECIP SHIELD SHOULD
IMPACT THE REGION. WPC DID NOT PREFER THE WETTER GFS WHICH HAS A
STRONGER SHORTWAVE AND SURFACE WAVE EVOLUTION. THE MODEL CONSENSUS
IS A BIT WEAKER AND WPC FAVORED THE RELATIVELY DRIER SOLUTIONS AS
A RESULT.

DAYS 2 AND 3...


...WESTERN UNITED STATES...

SHORT WAVE ENERGY TRACKING OUT OF THE GREAT BASIN EARLY ON DAY 2
AIDS IN SPINNING UP LOW PRESSURE OVER THE FRONT RANGE OF THE
ROCKIES THAT MOVES INTO THE CENTRAL PLAINS. UPSLOPE FLOW ON THE
BACK SIDE OF THE SURFACE LOW WILL RESULT IN HEAVY QPF ACROSS THE
FAVORED LOCATIONS OF THE HIGHER TERRAIN OF WY AND CO. A CLOSED MID
LEVEL LOW WEST OF VANCOUVER ISLAND EARLY ON DAY 3 REACHES A
POSITION OFF THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST COAST BY THE END OF THE PERIOD.
THERE WAS GENERALLY GOOD MODEL AGREEMENT WITH THE OVERALL SYNOPTIC
SETUP...SO THE WPC QPF WAS BASED MAINLY ON A BLEND OF THE 00Z
ECMWF/GFS.

THE COMBINATION OF SYNOPTIC SCALE LIFT ASSOCIATED WITH SHORT WAVE
ENERGY TRACKING OUT OF THE GREAT BASIN ON EARLY DAY 2 AND
STRENGTHENING UPSLOPE FLOW ON THE BACK SIDE OF LOW PRESSURE
FORMING OVER THE FRONT RANGE OF THE ROCKIES WILL PRODUCE AXES OF
HEAVY QPF ACROSS THE HIGHER TERRAIN OF WY AND CO. THE BEST LOW
LEVEL UPSLOPE FLOW AND CONVERGENCE SHOULD BE FOCUSED ON THE
LARAMIE AND SOUTHERN EXTENT OF THE WIND RIVER MOUNTAINS IN
WY...WHERE THERE IS A MULTI MODEL SIGNAL FOR 1.00 TO 1.25 INCHES
OF QPF. THE LOW LEVEL UPSLOPE FLOW IS NOT QUITE AS ROBUST ACROSS
THE NORTHERN AND CENTRAL ROCKIES IN CO...WHERE LOCAL 0.50 INCH QPF
AMOUNTS ARE POSSIBLE.

A CLOSED MID LEVEL LOW WEST OF VANCOUVER ISLAND EARLY ON DAY 3
DROPS SOUTH...REACHING A POSITION WEST OF THE CENTRAL OR COAST BY
THE END OF THE PERIOD. AHEAD OF THE MID LEVEL SYSTEM (AND ITS
ATTENDANT SURFACE LOW)...THE LOW LEVEL WESTERLY FLOW WILL FOCUS
RELATIVELY PALTRY AMOUNTS OF MOISTURE ON THE OR COASTAL
RANGE...RESULTING IN AN AREA OF 0.25 TO 0.50 INCHES OF QPF IN THE
FAVORED UPSLOPE LOCATIONS

LOCALLY HEAVY SNOWFALL IS EXPECTED ACROSS PORTIONS OF THE NORTHERN
AND CENTRAL ROCKIES DURING DAY 2. PLEASE REFER TO THE LATEST SUITE
OF WPC WINTER WEATHER PRODUCTS FOR MORE INFORMATION.


...CENTRAL PLAINS/MID AND UPPER MS VALLEY/GREAT LAKES...

SHORT WAVE ENERGY OVER UT EARLY ON DAY 2 CLOSES OFF IN THE MID
LEVELS AS CROSSES THE CENTRAL PLAINS. THE MID LEVEL SYSTEM AIDS IN
SPINNING OF LOW PRESSURE OVER THE FRONT RANGE OF THE ROCKIES...AND
THE SURFACE LOW CROSSES THE CENTRAL PLAINS DURING DAY 2...ON ITS
WAY TO THE UPPER GREAT LAKES BY THE END OF DAY 3. THERE IS STILL
SOME SPREAD CONCERNING THE PLACEMENT OF THE MAXIMUM QPF AXIS
DURING DAYS 2 AND 3...WITH THE 00Z GFS/NAM SEEMINGLY TOO FAR NORTH
INTO THE COLDER AIR WITH THE HIGHER QPF AMOUNTS. THE 00Z ECMWF
CONTINUED THAT MODELS TREND OF KEEPING THE MAXIMUM QPF A BIT
FURTHER SOUTH...SO THE WPC QPF WAS BASED ON A BLEND OF THE 00Z
ECMWF/12Z ECMWF ENSEMBLE MEAN.

SHORT WAVE ENERGY OVER THE GREAT BASIN EARLY ON DAY 2 CLOSES OFF
AS IT REACHES EASTERN NE LATER IN THE PERIOD. LIFT ASSOCIATED WITH
THE MID LEVEL SYSTEM SPINS SURFACE LOW PRESSURE OVER THE FRONT
RANGE OF THE ROCKIES...AND THE LOW CROSSES FROM SOUTHWEST KS TO
SOUTHWEST IA. AHEAD OF THE MID LEVEL AND SURFACE SYSTEMS...A 30 TO
40 KNOT LOW LEVEL SOUTHWEST FLOW TRANSPORTS 0.50 TO 0.75 INCH
PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR UP AND OVER A WARM FRONT ASSOCIATED WITH
THE SURFACE LOW...STRETCHED NE INTO IA/SOUTHERN WI/NORTHERN IL.

THE MOISTURE BECOMES ENTRAINED INTO A DEVELOPING AXIS OF MID LEVEL
FRONTOGENETICALLY FORCED LIFT EXTENDING ACROSS SOUTHERNMOST SD AND
NORTHERNMOST NE INTO FAR WESTERN IA. BANDED PRECIPITATION IN THIS
AXIS IS EXPECTED TO PRODUCE A STRIPE OF 1.00 TO 1.25 INCHES OF QPF
IN THE ABOVEMENTIONED AREAS...AND LOCALLY HIGHER AMOUNTS ARE
POSSIBLE WHERE ELEVATED INSTABILITY ENHANCES PRECIPITATION RATES.
THE NORTHERN EDGE OF THE BANDED PRECIPITATION IS EXPECTED TO MOVE
INTO THE SOUTHERN THIRD OF MN...AS WELL AS THE SOUTHERN HALF OF
WI. THE NORTHERN EDGE IS CLOSE TO THE EDGE DEPICTED ON THE 00Z
ECMWF/12Z ECMWF ENSEMBLE MEAN...AND FURTHER SOUTH THAN THE 00Z GFS
AND ESPECIALLY THE 00Z NAM (AS THESE MODELS ARE PROBABLY TOO FAR
NORTH WITH THE BANDED PRECIPITATION POTENTIAL).

SOUTH OF THE WARM FRONT...MODEL SOUNDINGS SHOWED MARGINAL
INSTABILITY IN PLACE WITH PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES CLOSER TO AN
INCH. THE COMBINATION OF MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY SHOULD FUEL LOW
TOPPED CONVECTION OVER CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN IA INTO FAR NORTHERN
IL AND FAR SOUTHERN WI. AN AXIS OF 0.75 TO 1.25 INCHES OF QPF WAS
PLACED JUST SOUTH OF THE WARM FRONT...CLOSE TO THE EXPECTED
LOCATION OF BEST INSTABILITY. CORFIDI VECTORS SUGGEST THAT THE LOW
TOPPED CONVECTION SHOULD TRACK NORTHEAST UP ALONG AND OVER THE
FRONT. THREE HOUR FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE VALUES ARE GENERALLY
BETWEEN 1.50 AND 2.00 INCHES NEAR THE WARM FRONT...SO WHILE
LOCALLY HEAVY RAINFALL IS POSSIBLE...ORGANIZED FLASH FLOODING IS
NOT EXPECTED ON DAY 2.

AS THE CLOSED MID LEVEL SYSTEM TRACKS FROM SOUTHWEST IA INTO THE
NORTHERN LP OF MI (WHILE SLOWLY WEAKENING)...THE BANDED
PRECIPITATION ASSOCIATED WITH THE MID LEVEL FRONTOGENETIC FORCING
BECOMES ORIENTED SOUTHWEST TO NORTHEAST...STRETCHING FROM FAR
NORTHWEST IA ACROSS SOUTHERN MN INTO NORTHWEST WI. THERE WAS A
MULTI MODEL SIGNAL 0.75 TO 1.25 INCHES OF QPF IN THIS BAND...WITH
THE 00Z ECMWF PLACING THE AXIS OF MAXIMUM QPF CLOSE TO THE WPC
PLACEMENT. AHEAD OF THE SURFACE LOW AND SOUTH OF ITS WARM
FRONT...A 45 KNOT LOW LEVEL SOUTHWEST FLOW TRANSPORTS 1.00 INCH
AIR ACROSS FAR SOUTHEAST WI ACROSS THE NORTHERN LP OF MI. MODEL
SOUNDINGS SHOWED MARGINAL INSTABILITY...AND THE MOISTURE AND
INSTABILITY IS EXPECTED TO FEED CONVECTION THAT PRODUCES AN AXIS
OF 0.75 TO 1.25 INCHES OF QPF HERE. THREE HOUR FLASH FLOOD
GUIDANCE VALUES ARE HIGH ENOUGH SO THAT FLASH FLOODING IS NOT
EXPECTED ON DAY 3.

HEAVY SNOWFALL IS EXPECTED FROM THE CENTRAL PLAINS ACROSS THE
UPPER MS VALLEY INTO THE UPPER GREAT LAKES DURING DAYS 2 AND 3.
PLEASE REFER TO THE LATEST SUITE OF WPC WINTER WEATHER PRODUCTS
FOR MORE INFORMATION.


...OH VALLEY/NORTHEAST...

MOISTURE AND MARGINAL INSTABILITY AHEAD OF A WEAKENING COLD FRONT
CROSSING THE OH VALLEY AND NORTHEAST STATES DURING DAY 3 WILL FUEL
LOW TOPPED CONVECTION...WHICH COULD PRODUCE LOCALLY HEAVY
RAINFALL. THE 00Z GFS IS FASTER WITH THE FRONTAL BOUNDARY THAN THE
00Z ECMWF...SO A BLEND OF THESE TWO SOLUTIONS SHOULD PRODUCE THE
BEST PLACEMENT OF THE MAXIMUM QPF.

AHEAD OF A COLD FRONT TRAILING FROM LOW PRESSURE OVER THE UPPER
GREAT LAKES...A 40 TO 50 KNOT LOW LEVEL SOUTHWEST FLOW TRANSPORTS
1.00 INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR ACROSS THE OH VALLEY INTO
PORTIONS OF WESTERN NY STATE AND WESTERN PA DURING DAY 3. THE BEST
LOW LEVEL MOISTURE FLUX OCCURS IN THE 25/00 TO 25/06Z TIME FRAME
ACROSS THE OH VALLEY...AND MODEL SOUNDINGS SHOWED A STRIPE OF
MARGINAL TO LOCALLY MODERATE INSTABILITY EXTENDING FROM THE INTO
EASTERN OH. LINES OF CONVECTION FORMING AHEAD OF THE FRONT ARE
EXPECTED TO PRODUCE AXES OF 0.50 TO 1.00 INCHES OF QPF AS THEY
CROSS SOUTHEAST IN/OH INTO CENTRAL KY AND FAR NORTH CENTRAL TN.
CORFIDI VECTORS SUGGEST THAT LOCALIZED TRAINING IS POSSIBLE...SO
LOCALLY HIGHER QPF AMOUNTS ARE POSSIBLE IF TRAINING OCCURS.
HOWEVER...THE SYSTEM SHOULD REMAIN PROGRESSIVE...SO ORGANIZED
FLASH FLOODING IS NOT EXPECTED ON DAY 3.


...FL...

A CLOSED MID LEVEL LOW OVER SOUTHEAST FL EARLY ON DAY 2 TRACKS TO
THE BAHAMAS BY THE END OF THE PERIOD. AHEAD OF THE CLOSED MID
LEVEL LOW...A LOW LEVEL MOISTURE PLUME COULD FUEL LOCALLY
CONVECTION WITH LOCALLY HEAVY RAINFALL ALONG THE FL EAST COAST.
THERE WAS GENERALLY GOOD MODEL AGREEMENT WITH THE MID LEVEL
SYSTEM...SO THE WPC QPF WAS BASED ON A BLEND OF THE 00Z ECMWF/GFS.

AS THE CLOSED MID LEVEL SYSTEM (AND ITS ATTENDANT SURFACE LOW)
TRACKS FROM SOUTHEAST FL TO THE BAHAMAS ON DAY 2...A LOW LEVEL
EAST SOUTHEAST FLOW TRANSPORTS 1.50 INCH PRECIPITABLE AIR ACROSS
THE EAST COAST OF FL...MAINLY BEFORE 24/00Z. MOISTURE AND MARGINAL
INSTABILITY WILL FUEL CONVECTIVE BANDS THAT REACH BACK TOWARD EAST
CENTRAL FL...WHERE LOCAL 0.50 INCH QPF AMOUNTS ARE POSSIBLE. AT
THIS POINT...IT APPEARS AS THOUGH THE BEST INSTABILITY AND QPF
AMOUNTS ARE EXPECTED TO REMAIN OFFSHORE.


GRAPHICS AVAILABLE ON THE WEB AT
WWW.WPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/QPF/QPF2.SHTML


ORRISON/HAYES


24HR QP VT 23/12Z
 0.01 212820 216823 219827 224831 228833 234833 243834 278842
      282844 285847 290855 293866 297874 302877 310876 312873
      315873 321873 323869 323862 329855 333853 336856 336864
      333867 331870 329875 329880 331883 336878 346864 348860
      350858 353857 357859 363859 374847 378842 381844 379847
      379852 381852 388844 394842 398840 402837 404833 407829
      410828 412823 415821 420818 425820 434822 438829 440833
      441841 442856 441861 445861 446864 446867 446876 445890
      443896 443903 443916 445923 447926 449930 452932 457933
      461937 464943 464949 465956 464962 460985 460992 458998
      457013 457027 453037 451042 450045 448042 445029 441018
      438006 434987 433979 431975 428973 425971 424973 421978
      420984 419989 417992 415997 414004 413008 412016 413021
      411026 410030 409036 405045 403049 399052 394058 391061
      385063 384063 386067 384071 381072 374063 370061 368057
      370052 369050 361054 357057 360058 363059 364062 362065
      360065 361067 366068 369069 370072 369078 368081 369088
      363089 359091 359095 363094 366095 367098 366103 364107
      366110 369111 372106 374103 376102 379103 381106 384104
      388103 390108 382111 378114 375120 373122 369121 363121
      351119 350122 351126 355129 358128 361126 367127 367130
      364134 361138 360143 361147 360154 360160 358167 361170
      368171 371166 375165 382163 389158 392162 391167 390169
      387174 387180 388183 391183 395185 399189 399196 395199
      391198 383193 376187 372184 367183 356182 349184 347185
      346189 346195 349197 352193 355190 359189 365191 370194
      373198 377204 390216 397220 402222 400225 396226 392227
      389231 386232 384232 383235 384240 383242 384247 388252
      391254 397259 406263 418267 427269 436269 442269 445268
      452265 455261 459257 462253 465253 466255 473262 479270
      488287 492290 496290 500290 503287 506284 507278 507274
      506271 504268 499259 496249 493240 490237 489235 486234
      479227 476225 478223 482223 491226 494228 496224 499216
      497212 495207 490205 487205 484206 478205
 0.01 478205 463211 449212 441213 436206 434203 433198 431194
      432191 432186 431180 431172 430167 428162 426158 425153
      426140 427137 429137 431141 434145 433152 434157 437161
      445166 449173 453174 455172 455168 457164 460162 464163
      470168 475169 478171 480173 484173 488177 493177 496182
      498185 502186 507177 500160 508163 515169 519170 522169
      525168 527164 527150 522143 512129 510106 507104 507099
      507092 506088 506081 504078 501080 499085 497089 494092
      491093 489089 486080 484065 485057 484052 484040 488016
      493992 496971 499945 499934 499920 499911 498906 497887
      495875 496863 495848 494844 494838 497816 502795 502788
      503783 503778 505774 508763 511753 513749 514742 516728
      516717 515705 512694 510692 506691 498690 492687 485691
      482694 478694 470696 466697 464702 461705 457707 455715
      450721 448731 445739 444744 442749 437757 435761 434765
      436770 435777 435784 433789 428789 424787 422783 424779
      426775 427770 428766 426762 422760 421753 419744 414736
      411736 411739 418757 420763 419769 417778 417785 413788
      410791 407796 402803 400807 396809 389814 386813 384809
      386797 386794 382793 380790 380787 381782 381776 382772
      382765 381761 377759 375758 372760 370763 368768 364786
      363791 360796 358800 354803 343816 337815 334815 330812
      328809 327803 326800 324796 319796 319793 322789 326783
      337771 340763 339758 337756 333754 330757 323762 319765
      316766 310768 304768 294755 288749 283746 275744 266744
      256745 247748 232754 218763 212768 209771 210777 212779
      217779 222778 225779 227782 226784 223787 217794 212800
      210804 209809
 0.01 498159 497157 497156 496154 494154 492153 491155 492157
      494158 495158 497161 498159
 0.01 489152 486149 485146 483144 482143 478141 475141 473142
      472146 474149 476151 479152 482153 486154 489152
 0.01 452191 453188 451185 448184 446186 444188 442188 442192
      442193 441198 442200 444198 445194 447189 450193 452191
 0.01 343180 344178 344175 344173 343171 343170 341168 339167
      337167 337170 339170 341171 342173 341175 341177 341179
      343180 343180
 0.25 519156 517149 513144 506135 494127 489112 485108 481103
      478098 474091 473088 469086 464084 464091 464096 462098
      453099 451103 447103 441101 434103 430102 426102 421105
      419109 417110 414106 413097 411090 413083 418071 420068
      420063 422062 424058 423053 421047 419044 417045 413050
      408054 402057 400064 394068 390072 389076 391078 393080
      395080 402080 406085 406089 406094 404103 402108 400109
      389114 384118 381121 376127 377131 380132 385134 388134
      390132 395127 397125 399124 406122 413122 422119 425121
      427120 431113 434111 437110 442114 450116 452122 452131
      453135 456137 462133 468130 477131 484132 489131 493129
      494132 496139 499145 503150 511155 516158 519156
 0.25 494748 494740 493734 489730 486730 474744 467751 463760
      459769 456781 457789 459789 460787 463783 467780 470782
      473786 473795 472801 474813 475828 476833 479837 482834
      484830 487819 489808 492795 492782 493768 494753 494748
 0.25 479241 479238 478235 477235 476234 475234 474236 474237
      475240 477241 478241 479241
 0.25 462241 462236 459233 450231 445233 441232 442228 446226
      442223 437223 431223 425225 422229 419228 412231 401239
      400242 401246 404249 408251 424252 437250 444249 451247
      457244 462241
 0.25 453156 454154 455152 453151 452154 453156 453157 453156
 0.25 425203 425201 425199 423199 421200 420200 418201 417201
      416203 416205 417207 418206 419205 420204 421204 423204
      424204 425203
 0.25 420178 421173 420170 419167 419165 420161 420157 418155
      415156 414158 412161 412164 412167 412172 412174 414178
      417179 420178
 0.25 418057 416055 416054 416055 415057 415059 416060 417059
      418058 418057
 0.25 398213 398211 398210 397208 395206 394205 392204 390205
      389206 390207 391209 393210 394212 395212 396213 398213
      398213
 0.25 316813 316807 314803 310797 299787 295781 295773 292764
      287758 281755 275752 266751 259751 242755 235758 227763
      224767 226769 230769 240769 241771 240773 224798 220804
      218807 219812 220816 223819 229823 234827 242828 258830
      273834 286839 292845 294847 298847 303842 312840 314838
      314834 313826 313821 314817 316813
 0.50 485788 485786 485783 485781 484778 483776 482779 482781
      482784 481787 481789 481790 481792 481793 483794 484791
      484789 485788
 0.50 412242 411242 410241 408241 407244 408244 409244 411243
      412242
 0.50 401074 401073 399072 397072 397073 397074 399075 401074
      401074
 0.50 388125 389123 388121 386122 384124 383126 384127 386127
      388126 388125
 0.50 311811 311807 309803 305798 296789 285762 275756 269754
      261754 249756 241758 236759 234762 234764 237765 244765
      248769 245774 241777 237783 235789 233794 230800 228806
      228811 229815 234818 237823 242826 252825 258826 270830
      282834 288836 293840 298828 299820 303818 308814 311811
 1.00 303808 302801 299797 293790 288779 284769 277762 268759
      263757 260758 255768 253772 249775 244783 241787 238791
      234800 234805 235809 240812 244813 244816 249817 253817
      254815 256811 259810 261807 268805 272806 281810 286812
      291812 299811 301810 303808
 1.00 292832 292828 291824 287821 282819 278821 274821 268820
      265820 264823 269825 274826 280828 286830 289833 292832
 1.50 298802 296798 293795 289784 286779 282775 277768 273765
      268764 269767 268773 272783 273790 272795 274800 278803
      282805 287807 293806 298804 298802
 1.50 283785 284783 284781 283779 282779 281779 279779 277779
      275780 275781 277782 277783 278784 280785 280786 282787
      283786 283785
 1.50 256799 253799 250798 248798 245797 242796 240797 237800
      237802 238804 241804 245803 248803 252802 254801 256799
 2.00 292801 292799 292797 291795 290791 288789 286789 285791
      284796 283797 283798 285800 287802 290802 292801

24HR QP VT 24/12Z
 0.01 529154 526141 523136 519131 515127 511125 508123 507118
      506111 505081 502072 497065 496059 494054 493050 488050
      486052 485057 484062 483066 481067 477058 473046 472043
      470044 469058 469062 468067 464062 463057 461049 460042
      457034 454022 454015 454006 454991 459969 459962 461956
      462949 463943 466935 469922 470912 471909 471903 474880
      475873 473866 472862 474858 479860 490864 493866 499865
      506858 509854 510849 512824 513794 518774 520762 519751
      520745 522742 523736 522731 519696 516677 514661 511647
      507637 496618 489617 480619 478618 474619 469621 459625
      453631 447638 443644 442647 442652 441657 445662 448666
      452671 454674 455679 454686 452693 449697 439711 436716
      435719 432719 429716 426718 418733 411750 405769 403777
      401786 398792 394794 391794 391789 388783 384781 378782
      372791 356825 354829 352833 350842 350846 352846 356844
      361838 364834 364831 367822 370820 371822 373833 370846
      371863 371871 373873 376873 384869 389876 391881 391888
      393900 393904 390906 387907 385913 385918 385925 382927
      379950 379959 380963 383966 386968 389968 391966 392969
      391976 389989 389995 392002 393008 393013 391015 389020
      388023 387028 387035 385038 384041 385047 386049 384051
      382053 380053 376050 370050 365050 361052 357056 355062
      355066 358074 361076 366077 369077 370080 373083 374088
      373093 374098 379100 380103 380107 374119 373125 375131
      381139 387148 389157 386168 384182 390189 393191 396190
      399189 404190 404193 408192 412194 413199 408204 406207
      405212 407215 414217 425219 426221 425225 421227 420231
      422231 424230 425235 423238 421238 415239 398241 393240
      389238 384236 381234 371231 364231 358235 364237 367240
      374245 378250 381253 385255 389258 390262 394267 397269
      401271 405270
 0.01 405270 413267 418267 421270 426271 430270 437272 443273
      449275 452277 457279 475286 478290 484292 487293 491290
      497287 499282 500277 500270 498265 493258 488249 493244
      500253 504260 508262 512262 515259 516254 507216 487213
      471210 461212 451210 451203 452196 454191 458190 461186
      465184 470177 473174 474169 476165 477159 513168 519167
      523162 527158 529154
 0.01 470823 468816 464812 460808 458806 455806 450804 450813
      454818 458822 462826 464827 465831 467836 469838 470835
      470831 470823
 0.01 447172 445163 437160 434155 432145 434136 431133 428134
      425138 425143 424150 425153 428161 432169 437175 443178
      447172
 0.01 418156 417151 416144 417141 418137 419132 417128 412125
      407128 403130 401135 401139 400143 398145 402148 405149
      408154 411157 413160 416160 418156
 0.01 384692 384687 380686 376687 374691 368704 363718 360725
      359727 355726 353724 347724 337727 331730 328728 329723
      334710 333703 331702 328703 322704 319706 314708 311710
      305713 302715 298716 292716 286719 274725 257733 250736
      245740 241745 237750 233754 230760 227767 227776 229783
      233788 236791 236794 233800 233804 232806 233812 235814
      238814 242811 244809 245805 246798 251792 256791 261797
      270804 274811 275817 272821 270822 272824 278828 291831
      296832 304831 309825 312818 313813 314811 318804 322799
      326793 332783 337776 342770 352760 360749 366739 374724
      376719 379716 380714 379709 380706 379703 378700 380700
      383696 384692
 0.25 504675 503663 501653 499647 496642 491640 487643 484639
      480635 477635 473636 470640 468647 467654 467671 466685
      463700 460712 459723 461726 465725 465730 466742 468748
      472761 473766 476769 479769 482767 489760 491752 493744
      494730 497722 499716 501709 502702 504686 504675
 0.25 467117 467115 467114 466113 465114 464117 465118 467119
      467117
 0.25 448251 448247 445245 441245 440243 439246 437248 435249
      433251 433254 435254 438255 441254 443254 446253 448251
 0.25 462097 462096 460095 458095 457096 456096 455096 455095
      453094 452094 451095 451097 450100 451101 453102 455102
      456101 458100 460099 461099 462098 462097
 0.25 455086 455078 453073 450064 447058 446053 446047 448038
      448025 447007 448980 449973 450962 453941 457925 457912
      457897 457891 457886 455875 451857 447841 445826 441817
      437811 433803 427790 423784 420782 419783 416788 415793
      413803 407818 409836 411842 413844 418849 419853 419859
      416870 413877 411886 406922 403933 401943 401954 399964
      398971 398976 400979 402981 406981 409983 409989 409003
      407015 405026 405035 406052 401057 396060 389064 386068
      384073 385077 387079 393084 396086 400086 404085 407086
      412099 416101 422101 427096 433099 435103 433108 434110
      437108 440105 441103 440099 441095 445091 448088 452089
      455086
 0.25 422829 421827 420826 419827 419830 420832 421834 422832
      422830 422829
 0.25 322769 316740 317737 316733 311729 303723 296724 291726
      282732 260742 250750 243758 244766 246772 250775 255776
      272780 280789 285799 289805 294807 303804 308800 312796
      315792 318787 321776 322769
 0.50 488706 488704 484702 484700 482697 480698 480703 482705
      482710 482714 482716 484718 486717 487714 488709 488706
 0.50 447072 439049 437044 436039 440031 441021 442011 441996
      442983 442969 442958 445951 448939 449934 448928 447913
      444908 443905 443900 445888 445882 445874 443861 440853
      435849 431849 428853 424861 420872 417887 415901 411910
      409915 409922 408929 409936 410944 409951 405961 403965
      405969 411972 415976 416981 415989 414012 411029 412043
      413048 416054 421061 424067 424073 423080 423084 424086
      428086 432084 437076 447072
 0.50 315774 315767 314760 312751 311739 310735 307733 298731
      294730 291732 274740 266745 259750 256753 256757 261762
      268767 274772 280779 285785 290793 295797 300799 304797
      309791 314782 315774
 1.00 435069 435066 433064 431066 432068 433069 434070 435069
 1.00 430893 431885 430880 426881 424886 422890 420895 419900
      419904 420908 424907 427903 429900 430893 430893
 1.00 429016 430013 430011 430009 430006 430004 429002 427002
      425003 425004 424006 424008 424011 425013 425014 426015
      427018 428017 429016
 1.00 307780 306772 305767 304759 304755 304747 302740 292738
      282744 279747 276751 276757 277762 284769 291775 295779
      297783 300787 303788 304787 307780
 1.50 299758 298755 297752 294750 292749 288750 287752 286756
      288760 289762 290763 293765 295765 297762 298760 299758

24HR QP VT 25/12Z
 0.01 527172 528163 527155 522146 518143 513141 507140 501137
      489123 478121 474118 469118 468115 470110 473108 475101
      476091 474086 472081 467078 463076 460074 457071 454067
      451058 449056 451054 452052 457051 460049 467049 472052
      476056 478060 482063 487061 492059 498052 499047 497042
      494033 491030 487029 479028 471031 463035 460036 455037
      452038 450036 450034 449031 449027 449020 450005 453993
      457981 460976 463971 467959 471949 474938 476925 479912
      483901 487893 491884 496878 500872 504862 508854 511846
      517835 519829 521824 524812 527806 528799 530786 529771
      526735 525726 523722 522715 520710 514688 511678 507670
      498654 495648 491645 484638 478632 473629 472627 469628
      465627 458628 454633 446641 441647 438656 435664 429678
      425688 421697 412713 407724 404729 403734 397758 394770
      391779 387787 380795 368805 365806 363803 363795 364784
      364775 364769 361767 356767 354762 355752 357747 361743
      364740 367735 377717 380707 381702 383697 375693 364692
      359691 354692 347698 342703 338711 331725 328732 327736
      327742 329754 323762 318771 316776 319781 324780 328778
      334773 337774 337778 338785 343797 344809 344814 343818
      344826 340832 334840 328846 317858 291890 280904 277910
      274913 273923 277929 283927 293922 301918 308914 313909
      326900 327899 329901 332904 337904 342902 356902 359905
      364907 375907 380907 383907 385909 384913 390914 395915
      396918 394922 396931 396942 394946 395952 396956 396963
      398973 399978 399986 402005 404010 404018 403030
 0.01 403030 401036 403041 402045 400047 395047 393045 390045
      390047 388050 390052 389057 385061 384068 386072 390080
      395085 401087 405090 406096 404100 400108 399113 401116
      407117 411120 415118 420119 423118 428119 431121 433126
      436125 439122 442121 444123 443130 443135 448136 453137
      455135 459133 461129 465124 468125 472131 474134 472137
      465144 463146 462154 461160 462165 458172 456177 459180
      464183 468182 472181 476183 481183 484182 490175 495166
      497161 494159 489153 489146 492145 493148 500155 511165
      515172 520172 523169 525170 527172
 0.01 507243 509237 508232 506226 501222 495220 493221 490221
      487215 484212 479212 473213 467209 456211 451210 446211
      437215 431215 425210 424207 424203 424199 426197 435194
      435189 434187 432183 427168 423156 421149 418145 414143
      412144 412148 414154 414160 413165 411184 406194 405198
      401199 395198 391197 389199 387201 386205 385210 383214
      381219 366232 365236 366240 364250 365257 369262 373265
      377270 386275 399283 409290 418297 427303 449298 456292
      465290 471287 475281 479275 482270 486267 489263 492258
      495254 507243
 0.25 498773 498765 497757 496741 494729 490718 487712 483711
      478713 472710 467706 463704 461708 457717 455721 454724
      453723 447719 440715 437717 436722 433737 428759 427770
      425779 422787 417792 408803 401810 394815 385820 378823
      372826 367831 355839 350847 347856 348863 350868 352876
      355882 364884 373884 381883 390884 394883 399881 406876
      412871 415869 418869 419872 418877 415885 413893 417897
      421899 425900 427906 427913 425917 422926 419936 418947
      417956 416966 415971 416976 418981 422982 426982 430981
      435975 443961 454952 459945 462933 463928 465924 469917
      472910 476901 480884 481871 482856 483851 486847 489838
      492819 494799 495791 496783 498773
 0.25 467247 468241 466235 464232 461230 454233 446234 437234
      430236 420237 414241 407246 401251 397253 393253 390255
      392258 402259 410260 416262 421262 428262 433261 437262
      442263 445262 452255 458251 465250 467247
 0.50 486786 486771 484766 481763 472751 467747 461747 457753
      453759 448766 443772 437777 433783 425793 416804 410810
      404816 393826 370839 364844 361848 361853 364860 371864
      375867 380867 384866 396860 402856 408851 423846 427845
      429846 427853 427859 426867 423877 420886 420891 423893
      428892 434888 440884 446882 451884 452888 451895 445899
      437913 431925 425940 424945 424951 423964 426968 430966
      435961 443951 451940 457921 465906 468900 470893 470882
      467873 467862 467850 468843 469839 474834 478818 479810
      483804 485798 486793 486786
 0.50 427249 426248 426247 425245 424244 424243 422241 420242
      419242 418243 416244 415246 414247 414248 414249 414250
      415252 417252 418252 419252 421251 422251 424251 426249
      427249
 1.00 471791 471786 469784 465779 459776 454777 448781 444786
      435795 427805 426809 426814 431816 436821 439826 446829
      448831 452829 457825 460820 469809 471792 471791
 1.00 447858 448853 444852 443850 439849 437852 435854 434857
      434860 436862 440862 443861 445860 447858

$$





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