Quantitative Precipitation Forecast
Issued by NWS

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000
FXUS04 KWBC 240943
QPFPFD

QUANTITATIVE PRECIPITATION FORECAST DISCUSSION
NWS WEATHER PREDICTION CENTER COLLEGE PARK MD
542 AM EDT TUE MAY 24 2016


FINAL DAY 1...DAY 2 AND DAY 3 QPF DISCUSSION
VALID MAY 24/1200 UTC THRU MAY 27/1200 UTC
REFERENCE AWIPS GRAPHICS UNDER...PRECIP ACCUM - 24HR


DAY 1

...CENTRAL U.S FROM TEXAS TO WYOMING...

CERTAINLY CONTINUES TO LOOK LIKE A DIFFICULT QPF PATTERN WITH
FAVORABLE INSTABILITY...MOISTURE...AND SHEAR OVER A BROAD
AREA...BUT WITH CONVECTIVE EVOLUTION BEING GOVERNED MORE BY THE
DIURNAL CYCLE AND MESO OR STORM SCALE PROCESSES RATHER THAN
DISTINCT UPPER LEVEL SHORTWAVES. AT ANY GIVEN LOCATION DIFFERENT
MODELS MAY OFFER A FEAST OR FAMINE WITH RESPECT TO
PRECIPITATION...NOTING PARTICULARLY THAT THE HI-RES MODELS ARE
UNANIMOUSLY BONE DRY OVER SOUTHEAST NEBRASKA WHERE THE GLOBAL
MODELS AND PREVIOUS WPC DEPICT A LOCAL MAXIMUM DURING THE 24 HOUR
PERIOD ENDING WEDNESDAY MORNING. CENTRAL AND EASTERN OKLAHOMA ARE
ALSO PARTICULARLY TROUBLESOME...WITH THE EMC WRF-NMM...NSSL
WRF...AND WRF-ARW CARRYING MASSIVE QPF WHILE THE NAM/NAM CONEST
AND OTHER MODELS HAVE VERY LITTLE. A THIRD AREA OF CONCERN...NOT
LIKELY TO BE MODELED VERY WELL...IS THE DEPRESSION IN THE HEIGHT
FIELD LEFT BY PREVIOUS CONVECTION...WHICH WAS DRIFTING INTO MO/AR
THIS MORNING...AND WHICH MAY WELL YIELD FOCUSED CONVECTION TODAY
AS THE LOW LEVEL JET VEERS AND PRODUCES STRONG UPGLIDE INTO
UNCAPPED AREAS FROM FAR EASTERN OK EASTWARD AS INDICATED BY THE
NAM CONEST AND SOME HRRR RUNS.

SO WE HAVE TO SPEAK IN GENERALITIES...NOT PREFERRING ANY
PARTICULAR MODEL SOLUTION AS BEING IDEAL AT THIS POINT. WE TENDED
TO FAVOR THE WRF-NMM...NAM CONEST...AND CONTINUITY. IN TERMS OF
EVOLUTION...THERE IS GOOD OBSERVATIONAL EVIDENCE AND MODEL SIGNAL
FOR CONVECTION IN NORTHWEST KANSAS TO EVOLVE EAST AND
SOUTHEASTWARD EARLY TODAY. WE ALSO DID OUR BEST TO DEPICT SOME
FOCUSED QPF IN THE MO/AR UPGLIDE SCENARIO. THE CAP BUILDS THIS
MORNING ACROSS SOUTHWEST KS THROUGH CENTRAL/WESTERN OK INTO
SOUTHWEST TX...SO WE TRIED TO GIVE THE KANSAS CONVECTION A GOOD
EASTWARD COMPONENT...WITH PREFERRED DEVELOPMENT ON THE LESSER
CAPPED FLANK. IT IS UNCERTAIN HOW LONG THIS ACTIVITY WILL PERSIST
IN AN ORGANIZED WAY...AS THE AXIS OF STRONGER LOW LEVEL INFLOW
REMAINS BACK WEST BENEATH THE CAP. A CLUSTER OF HIGH-RESOLUTION
MODELS...THE WRF-ARW...WRF-NMM...AND NSSL WRF...ALSO BRING
WIDESPREAD CONVECTION DOWN THROUGH OKLAHOMA THIS EVENING AFTER
DRYLINE INITIATION NEAR THE NORTHWEST CORNER OF OKLAHOMA. ALTHOUGH
THE SCENARIO IS PLAUSIBLE...AND MAY BE AIDED BY THE CLOSE APPROACH
OF THE SUB-TROPICAL JET AXIS...THE CAP STRENGTH DOES CREATE SOME
UNCERTAINTY. THE MODELS HAVE GENERALLY BE TOO WIDESPREAD WITH
PRECIPITATION IN THIS PATTERN...AS THEY ALLOW STRONG CAPE TO DRIVE
THE PROCESS IN WHAT IS OTHERWISE NOT VERY STRONG BACKGROUND
ASCENT. FOR THESE REASONS...WE WERE MORE CONSERVATIVE WITH QPF
AMOUNTS OVER CENTRAL/EASTERN OKLAHOMA...BUT WILL HAVE TO
CONTINUALLY RE-EVALUATE THIS AREA.

THE HI-RES MODELS FEATURE ALMOST NO QPF OVER SOUTHWEST TEXAS THIS
AFTERNOON... WITH THE SUB-TROPICAL JET NOSING OUT AND MID LEVEL
TEMPERATURES BUILDING FURTHER ON THE SOUTH SIDE OF THE JET AXIS.
ONE AREA WHERE QPF SIGNAL IS RISING...IS EASTERN WYOMING INTO
ADJACENT SD/NE...WITHIN UPSLOPE FLOW AHEAD OF AN EJECTING
SHORTWAVE. AND IN SOUTHEAST NEBRASKA...WE MAINTAINED CONTINUITY
WITH A LOCAL QPF MAXIMUM...DESPITE ABSENCE OF QPF FROM THE HI-RES
MODELS. THIS IS WHERE THE NOSE OF THE LOW LEVEL JET SHOULD FOCUS
TUESDAY NIGHT...ALONG AN ALREADY ESTABLISHED BAROCLINIC
ZONE...THOUGH THE EXTENT OF THE EARLY DAY CONVECTION IN KANSAS
COULD ALTER THE LOCATION OF THE TUESDAY NIGHT EVENT.


...UPPER MIDWEST / GREAT LAKES...

HERE...AS WITH THE CENTRAL U.S...WPC FAVORED THE NAM CONEST AND
CONTINUITY. THERE IS A LITTLE LESS MODEL SPREAD HERE COMPARED TO
THE PLAINS...BUT CONFIDENCE IN THE DETAILS IS NOT TOO HIGH...GIVEN
RELATIVELY MODEST FORCING AND THE PRESENCE OF AN MCV OVER IOWA
THIS MORNING. THE MODELS DO SEEM TO HAVE SOME SIGNAL OF
PRECIPITATION IN SOUTHERN WISCONSIN LATER TODAY OWING TO THE MCV.
QPF AMOUNTS REMAINED CONSERVATIVE...BUT SOME LOCALLY HEAVY RAIN
WILL BE POSSIBLE...AS MODERATE INSTABILITY DEVELOPS BY AFTERNOON.


...WESTERN U.S...

ON THE LARGE SCALE A POSITIVELY TILTED...FULL LATITUDE TROUGH
REMAINS IN PLACE OVER THE WEST...WITH SMALLER SCALE CONCENTRATIONS
OF VORTICITY ALONG THE MONTANA BORDER WITH CANADA AND ALSO IN THE
BASE OF THE TROUGH OVER THE SOUTHWEST STATES. PRECIPITABLE WATER
VALUES THROUGHOUT THE WEST WERE NEAR OR BELOW CLIMATOLOGICAL
AVERAGE FOR LATE MAY...SO DIURNAL SHOWERS AND THUNDERSTORMS MAY
NOT BE OVERLY PRODUCTIVE. BOTH GEFS PROBABILITIES AND ECMWF
ENSEMBLE PROBABILITIES INDICATE GREATER LIKELIHOOD OF
HYDROLOGICALLY SIGNIFICANT...0.25 INCH...RAINFALL IN CLOSE
PROXIMITY TO THE LARGE SCALE TROUGH AXIS...FROM THE SOUTHERN
SIERRAS IN CALIFORNIA...ACROSS CENTRAL/NORTHEAST NEVADA AND INTO
THE TETONS AND BEARTOOTH AREAS OF WY/MT. MODEL QPFS HAVE BEEN
STABLE RUN TO RUN...AND WPC MADE VERY LITTLE CHANGE TO THE
FORECAST FOR DAY 1.


...MID ATLANTIC/NORTHEAST...

THE EAST COAST TROUGH/LOW WILL RECEIVE A GENTLE KICK FROM AN
UPSTREAM WAVE OVER THE GREAT LAKES...PROVIDING MORE EASTWARD
MOTION TODAY. HEIGHT RISES OVER THE MID ATLANTIC SHOULD BE
SUFFICIENT TO END THE SHOWERY REGIME THERE...ALTHOUGH GIVEN THE
AMOUNT OF MOISTURE IN THE GROUND AND STRONG HEATING...A STRAY
BRIEF SHOWER IS POSSIBLE. GREATER CONCENTRATION OF SHOWERS WILL BE
UP ACROSS NEW ENGLAND WITH COOLER TEMPERATURES ALOFT AND SOME MID
LEVEL ASCENT AIDING IN DIURNAL SHOWER/THUNDERSTORM
DEVELOPMENT...ESPECIALLY INLAND FROM THE COAST. WPC MADE A FEW
TWEAKS BASED ON THE HIGH RESOLUTION GUIDANCE...BUT OVERALL THE
FORECAST DID NOT CHANGE MUCH.


...FLORIDA...

WITH TYPICALLY RICH MOISTURE IN PLACE ACROSS SOUTH FLORIDA AND THE
KEYS...A CONFLUENT MID LEVEL FLOW REGIME AT THE TAIL END OF A
FRONTAL ZONE MAY SUPPORT SOME NON-DIURNAL SHOWERS EARLY THIS
MORNING OF THE WESTERN KEYS AND OFF THE SOUTHEAST COAST OF
FLORIDA. BETTER ORGANIZED THUNDERSTORMS ARE EXPECTED BY EARLY
AFTERNOON...FOCUSING OVER THE EVERGLADES PER MOST OF THE MODEL
GUIDANCE. LOCALLY VERY HEAVY DOWNPOURS ARE POSSIBLE...AND MAY
AFFECT SOME OF THE POPULATION CENTERS IN SE FL EARLY IN THE
EVENT...AND IN SW FL LATER IN THE AFTERNOON.


DAYS 2/3...


...WEST...

THE LARGE UPPER LEVEL LOW AND TROUGH THAT HAS PERSISTED ACROSS THE
PACIFIC NORTHWEST AND THE INTERMOUNTAIN WEST OVER THE LAST FEW
DAYS SHOULD CONTINUE IN PLACE WITH THIS PATTERN THROUGH THE MIDDLE
OF THE WEEK.  SHORTWAVES ROTATING WITHIN THE TROUGH WILL COMBINE
WITH THE LOW LEVEL STEEP LAPSE RATES TO RESULT IN SCATTERED TO
WIDESPREAD SHOWERS AND A FEW THUNDERSTORMS BOTH DAYS...WITH THE
GREATEST COVERAGE IN THE AFTERNOON AND EVENING VIA DIURNAL
HEATING.  THE QPF FORECAST HERE IS GENERALLY A BLEND OF THE
GFS/ECMWF ACROSS THIS REGION WITH LOCAL ADJUSTMENTS FOR TERRAIN.


...PLAINS/MS VALLEY/GREAT LAKES REGION...

THE HEAVIEST RAINFALL ON THE DAY 2 PERIOD IS EXPECTED TO BE ALONG
AN AXIS FROM MN SOUTHEAST INTO CENTRAL/EASTERN IOWA...MUCH OF WI
AND NORTHERN IL. EXPECTATION IS THAT CONVECTION WILL BE ONGOING
WEDNESDAY MORNING IN THE WARM AIR ADVECTION REGIME NEAR THE
NORTHWARD MOVING WARM FRONT AS THE SHORTWAVE/SURFACE LOW TRACKS
ACROSS THE PLAINS. IN GENERAL THIS CONVECTION SHOULD BE PRETTY
PROGRESSIVE OFF TO THE NORTHEAST...HOWEVER COULD SEE SOME
BACKBUILDING INTO THE WARM FRONT. ALSO PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUE
ARE PROGGED TO BE AROUND 2 STANDARD DEVIATIONS ABOVE NORMAL...WITH
LOW LEVEL MOISTURE FLUX ANOMALIES RUNNING 2-3 STANDARD DEVIATIONS
ABOVE AVERAGE INTO THE WARM FRONT. THUS SEEMS PROBABLE THAT WE
COULD SEE SOME HEAVY RAINFALL RATES ON WEDNESDAY AS THIS
CONVECTION TRACKS NORTHEASTWARD. A GREATER FLOOD THREAT COULD END
UP EVOLVING ACROSS PORTIONS OF SOUTHERN WI INTO NORTHERN IL LATER
WEDNESDAY INTO WEDNESDAY NIGHT. AS THE LOW LIFTS OFF TO THE
NORTHEAST SEEMS LIKELY THAT CONVECTION WILL BEGIN PROPAGATING MORE
OFF TO THE SOUTHEAST FROM NORTHEAST IA INTO SOUTHERN WI INTO
NORTHERN IL. THE LOW LEVEL JET SHOULD INCREASE TOWARDS
EVENING...WHICH IS EXPECTED TO INCREASE MOISTURE FLUX INTO THE
CONVECTION. WIND FIELDS ARE SUCH THAT CORFIDI VECTORS BECOME VERY
LIGHT ACROSS THIS REGION AS WELL...THUS SLOW MOVING HEAVY
CONVECTION IS A POSSIBILITY. WENT AHEAD AND ISSUED A SLIGHT RISK
FOR EXCESSIVE RAINFALL FOR PORTIONS OF MN/IA/WI/IL TO ACCOUNT FOR
THE ABOVE POTENTIAL. QPF ACROSS THE REGION WAS MANUALLY DERIVED
USING A MULTI MODEL CONSENSUS APPROACH. THOUGHT THE 0Z GEM
REGIONAL OUTPUT OFFERED A PLAUSIBLE EVOLUTION OF CONVECTION
THROUGH 0Z THURSDAY...WITH A COMBINATION OF THE
GFS/ECMWF/UKMET/GEFS/ECMWF MEAN USED AS WELL THROUGH DAY 2.

THE OTHER HEAVY RAINFALL POTENTIAL ON DAY 2 IS ACROSS SOUTH TEXAS.
THE APPROACH OF THE SUBTROPICAL JET WILL RESULT IN DIFFLUENT UPPER
LEVEL FLOW. ALSO LOOKS LIKE A SUBTLE SOUTHERN STREAM SHORTWAVE
WILL TRACK INTO THE SATE WEDNESDAY AFTERNOON/EVENING...ADDING TO
THE SYNOPTIC SUPPORT FOR ASCENT. MEANWHILE THE AIRMASS WILL ALSO
BE VERY UNSTABLE AND ANOMALOUSLY MOIST...WITH PRECIPITABLE WATER
VALUES OF 1.5-2" EXPECTED...WITH A FETCH FROM BOTH THE WESTERN
GULF AND EASTERN PACIFIC. INCREASING MODEL SUPPORT FOR CONVECTION
AND POSSIBLE MCS DEVELOPMENT WEDNESDAY EVENING...WITH THE SYSTEM
PROGRESSING EASTWARD OVERNIGHT. STILL SOME UNCERTAINTY THOUGH AS
ATMOSPHERIC WILL BE CAPPED INITIALLY...AND MODEL GUIDANCE IS STILL
FLUCTUATING A BIT ON THIS EVOLUTION. ALSO WOULD EXPECT THIS
INITIAL MCS TO BE PRETTY PROGRESSIVE OFF TO THE EAST. THUS FOR NOW
HELD OFF ON A DAY 2 SLIGHT RISK...ALTHOUGH TRENDS WILL HAVE TO BE
MONITORED. ON DAY 3...THE MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY IS EXPECTED TO
PERSIST..WITH SYNOPTIC FORCING INCREASING EVEN MORE...WITH A
STRONGER SHORTWAVE APPROACHING...THE UPPER LEVELS SEEING GREATER
DIFFLUENCE...AND TEXAS BECOMING SITUATED MORE IN THE LEFT EXIT
REGION OF THE SUBTROPICAL JET. THUS CONVECTION SEEMS LIKELY ON
THURSDAY ACROSS THE STATE. ALTHOUGH EXACTLY WHERE/WHEN THE BEST
THREAT IS IS UNCERTAIN...AS PARTIALLY DEPENDENT ON THE WEDNESDAY
NIGHT ACTIVITY AND OUTFLOWS IT MAY PRODUCE. THUS WENT WITH A LARGE
SLIGHT RISK ON DAY 3 THAT COVERS MUCH OF CENTRAL/EASTERN TEXAS.
ACTIVITY SHOULD FIRE ACROSS THE CENTRAL PORTION OF THE STATE AS
THE AFOREMENTIONED FORCING INCREASES INTO THE FRONT/DRY LINE. BUT
COULD ALSO SEE CONVECTION CLOSER TO THE GULF COAST IF THE MORNING
CONVECTION SETS UP OUTFLOWS...A SOLUTION SUGGESTED BY THE ECMWF.
THUS THOUGHT THE BEST OPTION WAS TO GO WITH A LARGE SLIGHT RISK TO
COVER BOTH THREATS...WITH THE ENVIRONMENT CONDUCIVE TO A FLASH
FLOOD THREAT WHERE CONVECTION DOES FORM AND PROPAGATE.

THE OTHER REGION OF ENHANCED CONCERN ON DAY 3 IS ACROSS PORTIONS
OF EASTERN NE...SOUTHWEST IA...NORTHEAST KS AND NORTHWEST MO. A
SURFACE LOW FORMING IN THE LEE OF THE ROCKIES ON THURSDAY WILL
INCREASE SOUTHERLY FLOW AND MOISTURE ADVECTION ONCE AGAIN ACROSS
THE PLAINS...WITH A WARM FRONT SLOWLY LIFTING NORTH AS WELL.
EXPECT CONVECTION TO FORM IN THE VICINITY OF THE WARM FRONT ON
THURSDAY INTO THURSDAY NIGHT. THE FRONT IS EXPECTED TO BECOME
NEARLY STATIONARY...AND WITH LOW LEVEL MOISTURE FLUX ANOMALIES OF
4+ STANDARD DEVIATIONS AIMED INTO THE BOUNDARY...CONTINUED
REDEVELOPMENT OF CONVECTION SEEMS LIKE A POSSIBILITY. SOME MODEL
DISAGREEMENTS ON THE PLACEMENT OF THIS FRONT AND THUS HEAVIEST
RAINFALL POTENTIAL. GENERALLY THOUGHT RECENT TRENDS AND ENSEMBLE
GUIDANCE SUPPORTED A SOLUTION CLOSEST TO THE CONSISTENT ECMWF.
THUS THE WPC QPF WAS MANUALLY DERIVED USING A MULTI MODEL
CONSENSUS...BUT WAS HEAVILY LEANED TOWARDS RECENT RUNS OF THE
DETERMINISTIC ECMWF AND THE ECMWF MEAN. THIS SUGGESTS THE HEAVIEST
RAINFALL POTENTIAL SETS UP ACROSS SOUTHEAST NE INTO NORTHEAST
KS...NORTHWEST MO AND SOUTHWEST IA. A SLIGHT RISK WAS ISSUED
ACROSS THIS REGION.

BURKE/CHENARD




24HR QP VT 25/12Z
 0.01 523195 520186 518180 515176 504164 501160 499156 504156
      507159 513165 516167 518165 520163 520158 517156 516153
      512152 509147 505143 502142 500139 493135 488134 484130
      479127 476122 476118 477114 479112 482108 482100 483093
      483090 481089 476080 474076 472071 476062 483043 486034
      486022 485015 482009 477001 472991 468984 456962 453958
      451952 449940 447927 446915 452910 455918 459926 462935
      469951 471958 475962 478963 484963 500970 505968 509965
      511960 510952 504926 501922 497920 490916 482913 476909
      473906 470902 471894 474891 480887 485882 492875 496871
      499865 502854 503847 503837 502827 504821 506811 509797
      510791 509784 469777 463785 459790 456795 447817 442827
      437835 427852 422860 420863 417865 415865 401857 397855
      394855 387854 385852 380852 374855 364859 361865 360871
      357882 351890 344898 340908 340922 339927 335929 328934
      325936 318936 315934 310933 307932 304933 299940 299945
      296949 295953 297953 301956 322955 329955 334956 338959
      339967 343969 344972 343975 337986 335989 333991 326997
      317014 314021 314026 316029 320028 323025 327018 329014
      333012 341011 363008 367007 373007 378007 381009 384015
      389016 393016 395020 395027 398048 397058 402059 403062
      401065 397071 395076 397078 404076 411075 419072 423080
      421087 417090 411091 407094 400099 395112 392114 395119
      401125 402130 401133 398133 395135 393140 384138 381140
      378144 377149 378153 385153 383156 380158 377161 377168
      372171 369173 366173 363176 360181 362186 365191 372200
      379207 390213 394215 397217 396220 387223 383228 388234
      392238 397239
 0.01 397239 404241 410242 417242 421238 425233 429229 431222
      432212 432203 429198 426191 425189 426186 425179 423174
      419168 423162 426156 426148 426139 430137 434138 437144
      439150 443156 445163 449168 448176 451183 454185 458185
      462183 465176 469170 471169 474171 476177 478184 480191
      482194 486196 493197 496194 502192 510194 518202 520204
      521201 523195
 0.01 508246 509238 507233 502220 500215 496211 487211 479208
      476208 474206 473203 470203 472208 472211 470213 467212
      463208 460203 459205 461213 462215 460217 456218 449216
      444217 441221 442225 444228 446229 452228 456226 461225
      465224 471221 479220 486222 491225 494230 495236 497241
      501247 506251 508246
 0.01 525065 524033 523027 522019 521012 518007 514006 513011
      510027 509035 508035 508031 506023 504018 501021 499026
      499033 500041 504050 502053 499054 493053 488053 486058
      484075 484083 486089 488101 493110 497111 500111 506112
      509110 512107 517096 521085 523077 524068 525065
 0.01 497660 496652 495649 490644 486642 481644 478645 475649
      469656 462659 458652 452653 448657 445664 441666 439665
      427668 422670 420673 418676 416681 416685 414688 408696
      405700 405705 405708 403710 399711 398714 400716 406723
      407727 404728 400731 393734 386739 383741 382745 385750
      388753 391755 395755 404754 409754 414753 424752 433749
      438745 445739 451731 454724 457716 459711 462708 468700
      473694 479689 485682 491675 497660
 0.01 479241 479239 480236 480234 480231 480230 478229 477228
      477227 476230 475232 475235 476236 476237 477240 478242
      479241
 0.01 423706 423703 422702 420703 418703 416703 415704 414706
      413707 412708 412709 411711 412712 414712 414713 416713
      418713 420713 421711 422708 423706
 0.01 343173 343169 341167 338166 334167 330165 327165 325165
      324169 325172 327174 329176 330178 332180 335181 338181
      340179 341175 343173
 0.01 294019 294018 293016 292016 291016 289014 287014 285014
      283014 283016 285018 287018 289019 290020 290021 292021
      294019 294019
 0.01 285819 284813 282810 274802 271799 266798 261797 260791
      265784 270775 268763 263760 258759 252761 249763 244766
      241770 237778 234783 233788 235800 237806 239811 240824
      241832 242839 245839 248835 250831 251824 259825 265825
      270823 279822 284821 285819
 0.01 267017 264015 263011 264007 264003 262998 258995 256992
      253992 250994 246993 237990 233992 232997 235005 237009
      241012 249015 258018 267017
 0.25 495809 495805 494802 490800 487801 479808 470828 460854
      454855 448854 441856 438858 435861 429871 424881 421891
      418897 414899 407898 400901 396904 392908 390915 391924
      394931 393935 391936 387934 382929 376923 373918 370913
      369907 371903 378893 379887 377882 371879 366878 359890
      357892 357896 356899 353899 349902 346906 345913 346921
      348926 351928 355930 357933 359936 358941 356946 354948
      355952 360958 363963 364970 361976 351995 351001 354002
      358001 362998 366998 371999 377001 381000 384996 388990
      391983 394983 395986 399993 402998 404000 403005 403013
      402021 402027 400036 401043 402048 403051 406052 411049
      413051 417051 423052 429050 435045 445041 450038 453032
      453023 454015 458005 460000 458995 454991 449991 439997
      434000 430999 429998 429992 430989 430983 429980 426979
      423980 421978 420962 421935 427937 431936 431930 433922
      433915 432907 432899 441889 449881 452893 455897 458897
      459895 464884 467880 470881 473881 479878 483874 487868
      490861 492854 492849 490846 488841 483842 479846 477851
      474856 472857 462859 464854 467850 471845 475842 478843
      480841 485836 491823 495809
 0.25 482153 482150 481148 480146 478145 476145 475145 473145
      471145 470148 469150 470153 470154 472154 474154 475154
      477154 478154 479155 480155 482153
 0.25 491949 491944 490942 488939 486938 482937 481937 479937
      478942 479944 481949 482951 484952 487954 490952 491949
 0.25 467053 468046 467043 465042 460042 457044 455047 452051
      450056 448061 450064 453068 457070 460067 462064 465060
      466054 467053
 0.25 462104 462099 458098 452094 448094 445096 443096 440100
      437101 432100 429101 426103 424105 426109 433112 437113
      440113 444111 448114 454114 458108 462104
 0.25 442718 441714 437715 433719 428723 423727 420730 415735
      414739 417740 421738 426735 431732 435728 440724 442718
 0.25 439692 439690 437688 435687 434686 433686 432685 431684
      430683 428683 426684 425686 427688 429690 431691 431692
      433693 433694 435695 436695 437696 438695 439692
 0.25 448073 448072 448070 447069 445067 443067 441068 441069
      441072 443073 445074 446074 448073 448073
 0.25 414231 414229 414227 414226 413224 413223 412223 411224
      409225 408225 407226 405226 405227 404228 404231 406232
      408233 409233 411233 413232 414231
 0.25 415212 415210 416208 416206 415205 415203 414201 412200
      411199 410199 409200 408201 407203 407206 408207 408208
      409210 410211 411212 412214 413214 414214 415212
 0.25 417154 417151 416154 417154 417154
 0.25 402169 403163 400162 398163 390167 384171 381173 378178
      376181 372183 369185 370190 375196 384201 388201 392200
      395198 394193 398182 401172 402169
 0.25 353949 352947 350945 346943 345943 343941 339939 337941
      336945 337947 339947 343946 344949 346952 348952 352952
      353949
 0.25 269812 267807 261803 256802 251800 250797 253791 259782
      262778 265772 263769 260768 256769 253771 246778 243783
      241789 241796 244803 246808 249813 261816 266816 269812
 0.25 255008 255004 254002 251000 249000 246998 244997 240996
      238997 238001 239003 242005 243007 245008 249009 252010
      253010 255008
 0.50 488859 487854 484856 482859 480861 479863 478867 477870
      478873 480872 482869 484867 485864 487861 488859
 0.50 457001 452998 446001 436005 431007 428013 426020 423027
      417037 416040 417043 424046 427046 432042 436040 441037
      446034 449029 449022 450015 456003 457001
 0.50 424999 425993 423991 420991 414996 409003 407007 406012
      405026 404032 402037 404041 407040 408038 413031 418022
      422014 423001 424999
 0.50 414956 413937 414930 412924 407917 402914 397918 399922
      401924 403928 402931 400936 398943 393945 388940 384938
      382940 381946 378945 376937 375932 372928 370925 368920
      366913 361908 356903 352903 349906 348911 348916 353921
      359927 364934 369938 369943 367946 366950 368954 371963
      374969 373977 373983 374987 375992 378995 382990 384982
      386973 387967 393967 396974 398982 401989 407991 410987
      412980 412974 414956
 0.50 383195 381193 381192 380190 378190 377191 378193 378194
      379195 381195 383195 383195
 0.50 373889 372887 372886 370885 369886 367887 365888 364889
      363891 363892 363894 363896 364896 365897 367897 369897
      371896 372893 372891 372890 373889
 0.50 265813 265810 264809 263808 262807 261806 260805 259805
      258804 256804 254805 253806 252807 252808 253809 253810
      255811 256812 258813 259813 260814 262814 264813 265813
 0.50 255781 254779 253779 250782 248784 247786 246788 245791
      247791 249790 251790 252788 254785 255783 255781
 0.50 249004 249003 248002 247002 245001 244000 242000 240002
      242003 242004 244005 245005 247004 249004 249004
 1.00 448010 448009 446008 444007 443009 443012 444013 446013
      447012 448010 448010
 1.00 411017 412015 411013 411015 409016 409017 411017 411017
 1.00 411949 410942 409939 405939 403945 401952 400959 400966
      402972 403975 406975 407968 407961 409956 411949
 1.00 390959 390956 389955 388956 389959 389960 390959
 1.00 356914 355914 354912 353911 352912 353914 355915 356914
 1.50 407949 406949 407950 407949

24HR QP VT 26/12Z
 0.01 539192 533171 527162 520157 511150 507148 503145 499142
      496139 493136 491132 489125 489119 488112 488108 491107
      494106 497100 500090 501085 502078 497073 497070 499067
      501064 504060 505055 507048 508041 511027 512022 513016
      514000 516988 517973 517956 517951 518947 519939 519925
      519916 520911 520896 520889 518884 515874 510865 506856
      500846 476817 450797 451790 450783 452776 454772 460765
      468759 474755 482750 495740 512729 517727 521724 526718
      528711 528705 524694 514675 505657 493641 491638 487637
      483636 478635 469638 464645 457651 447655 440660 434668
      429678 426686 429689 430692 429695 427700 427705 434712
      435715 433717 428721 422734 424736 427736 431738 434742
      435754 435758 434760 430759 425760 421763 416762 413763
      412768 412774 415777 421778 426775 430774 433773 434778
      434785 431790 429796 425800 421801 418799 411804 396812
      391819 388828 384836 380842 377846 369851 362856 362870
      362877 361883 351899 345905 340906 335908 326913 318916
      313918 308918 301920 308926 314930 317932 317935 314937
      319941 326949 330950 332951 332953 331958 332965 337971
      341972 344973 343976 337982 333984 329989 326994 325999
      327003 331006 335006 339004 353991 358985 364981 375968
      393975 398976 401981 405990 401995 401002 400016 400023
      402026 404031 408034 433008 436006 439007 437016 432040
      428050 424060 417081 410089 403097 401101 399105 396115
      403118 402125 405128 403132 399134 395135 392139 381154
      375157 369162 370167 369170 366170 358172
 0.01 358172 355178 355182 357184 365194 368196 373199 383206
      393213 404220 407222 404224 397223 390222 389225 394230
      401231 407231 413230 413222 415214 415208 413204 413200
      417199 419202 423205 427201 429195 430185 427172 431171
      434172 432168 426155 426148 426145 428142 430141 431143
      433150 436157 439162 443167 444172 442176 440180 435186
      436191 442193 446189 449184 453179 457180 459178 463176
      467168 475174 482186 485192 490191 497194 501199 502202
      501207 502209 501213 499215 495215 488212 481211 480216
      490226 497231 507226 511223 515219 520215 524211 528208
      531204 539192
 0.01 488073 487070 485068 484065 482062 480062 478064 476066
      474069 472071 473076 474079 476081 480081 482079 484078
      486075 488073
 0.01 351188 350185 345182 346176 345171 343166 341166 341170
      342175 344180 345185 344191 346194 349192 351188
 0.01 338174 339171 336172 333171 334167 332166 328166 326167
      323167 322169 321173 323176 325177 327179 330180 333180
      335178 337176 338174
 0.01 321999 321990 318984 314979 314971 312964 310962 307962
      294962 280965 270970 264973 261974 251980 248986 244990
      240991 237991 236997 236006 239011 241018 239025 237030
      237033 238036 244038 251039 257041 265042 280043 293041
      299040 302035 310026 313020 315013 319006 321999
 0.01 267782 266777 263774 257770 249769 241767 234766 229766
      228769 228780 228789 226807 229815 232817 233822 236831
      238834 242834 247829 252822 253819 256816 259813 260809
      265794 267782
 0.25 507998 508987 508976 504957 502949 500943 493932 490925
      488917 489908 488899 485891 482885 478881 473878 467876
      464870 462862 465858 465853 465849 460846 450839 447834
      442829 436828 431828 425828 419830 414833 409838 402849
      394860 389863 383866 379870 378877 377885 374892 369896
      364900 360905 360912 364918 368923 384940 388946 393950
      402956 424968 432970 436973 441977 447980 452983 456988
      458997 457008 457019 457027 460034 462040 465047 468049
      471050 478047 485047 490045 495041 499038 502031 505014
      507998
 0.25 457101 453090 451088 452084 453080 450075 447075 447077
      449082 450086 449088 443087 439085 435087 434095 443099
      444103 443107 440110 437111 436112 440115 447111 451108
      454104 457101
 0.25 407152 408149 406149 405150 403151 403152 401153 402155
      404154 405154 406153 407152
 0.25 401169 399162 398160 394160 386168 382181 379181 376182
      373186 368184 365184 366188 370192 374195 379199 384199
      386197 387194 385189 384185 388182 390183 394178 401169
 0.25 308005 308995 306988 301985 293983 287983 281984 274985
      270985 267986 265989 265994 265998 264002 259006 256010
      255015 257018 261022 268023 273021 286018 300016 307006
      308005
 0.25 259781 257777 253776 244779 239781 236784 234788 233792
      234798 235804 238812 242815 244814 249808 254801 256793
      259783 259781
 0.50 502990 503984 503978 501969 500965 498961 494957 484949
      480944 476937 473930 472919 470911 465905 457896 449886
      441874 436869 435866 434861 433855 433850 432846 430844
      425841 422841 420843 418851 414856 409862 407869 404873
      401872 394871 391870 387872 384877 385885 388893 391900
      396905 402906 410907 411911 410914 405919 402924 399927
      396927 387916 382912 379911 374913 373914 372918 376925
      386933 392936 400937 403944 407945 414941 419938 426937
      431940 435945 436952 437954 448964 452967 457969 462969
      468973 472979 475987 476996 475999 473003 471009 470006
      469004 467005 466015 466024 470031 472035 476036 482033
      487028 491026 496021 498015 500004 502990
 0.50 379194 377193 376193 375193 376194 377194 379194
 0.50 373191 372190 371190 372191 373191
 0.50 300002 300998 299995 297992 295991 291990 288991 286992
      284994 284997 284999 286002 287004 291005 295005 298004
      300002
 0.50 253790 253785 250784 246785 244787 241788 240790 238792
      237796 239799 240801 243802 246801 248799 250797 251794
      252792 253790
 1.00 496985 496982 495980 494979 493980 492980 492982 491985
      492987 492989 493990 494990 495987 496985
 1.00 465930 463921 460915 456909 451906 445902 442897 440894
      436893 430892 428884 426881 423879 421877 418881 422887
      428900 428910 427914 428917 433919 438915 444917 449920
      457931 459933 462934 465930
 1.00 449942 448940 448937 447935 445933 443934 442935 442937
      443940 445942 447944 449942 449942
 1.50 449911 448910 446910 446911 448911 449911

24HR QP VT 27/12Z
 0.01 544163 543157 542149 540137 532128 526121 520114 512113
      509119 506121 502120 498117 491111 485103 482097 481092
      481087 485085 488081 492076 494071 503055 506042 510032
      512027 513023 514020 516012 517004 520992 522979 523975
      524967 526954 528942 531928 533916 536904 537890 540878
      542855 537829 536823 536818 534812 533803 532801 531795
      528780 528773 529767 531756 532750 530746 516709 512699
      509694 505691 492681 477671 473667 469666 466666 461668
      451671 447673 443676 440680 437684 432690 426698 423701
      422708 422716 420721 418725 410740 407745 408750 411754
      413760 412766 409770 405771 401774 392780 383786 376791
      370797 359812 354819 349826 343834 341838 341843 343845
      349845 355839 360833 363830 367827 372829 374826 376821
      379817 383815 384823 386837 376853 360861 354879 349886
      343895 338902 334910 329916 326918 322919 312923 303926
      298936 292945 283958 277966 275969 269970 256970 254973
      253978 249988 249994 250997 253004 254010 252014 248020
      246024 246028 255033 262038 265038 271036 279032 287030
      291039 294042 297040 307040 312034 314030 315028 317027
      325025 332021 340016 348010 352008 356007 367008 373008
      378010 379017 378024 376030 373034 369038 370043 370047
      369050 366054 363058 361062 360065 363068 368075 373083
      375088 375092 374094 370097 369092 361085 353084 351088
      353093 356098 361103 364103 366106 370104 374103 377103
      372115 367117 364121 364123 367124 370124 372126 373138
      373143 375147 376151 377155 374156 363154 361156 362159
      365163 368166 371168 375167 378167 380169 380173 378175
      369174 365175 360174 354180 359186 366191
 0.01 366191 387206 393208 399208 394198 391192 384188 392181
      402176 408174 413172 417170 420167 421164 422155 423145
      423139 427137 431133 434133 434138 436155 441159 446160
      450163 455161 460158 463159 465157 477154 479153 483153
      487154 488157 488163 486173 483178 482186 483193 487200
      488203 486205 481206 476208 472211 467214 465216 461215
      456216 450219 448220 448224 453226 455228 454231 452239
      454242 457242 459241 460245 462251 468257 471258 474257
      478254 482250 483249 485251 490256 493261 497267 500274
      502275 504272 507267 513256 519244 527231 529212 538180
      544163
 0.01 471996 470993 470989 470979 470969 469962 466947 465942
      464939 464934 462933 460935 457940 455947 451959 447974
      447978 445981 445990 445000 448002 451002 460996 471996
 0.01 390096 389093 387094 385095 387097 388097 390096
 0.01 387097 385095 383095 382097 383099 385099 387097
 0.01 306740 305735 301735 294739 284746 272754 260761 246768
      237775 232781 230786 226799 224803 224808 225812 227815
      230821 234824 236828 239830 242831 245831 249831 252828
      256824 261819 264813 266807 268805 272806 285809 291810
      289805 278797 280790 284785 291774 294767 297762 303750
      306740
 0.25 532170 532156 531144 529140 525139 517138 510139 507139
      505143 501153 497164 495169 496174 499178 501182 500197
      501209 501214 498218 495221 494225 498228 501225 504224
      507227 510229 512229 514223 516209 520199 525190 529181
      532170
 0.25 519845 519840 517836 512831 505829 501830 498832 496835
      494839 494844 496848 500853 501865 503875 503885 499894
      497902 496908 497912 502917 505915 506911 510903 513895
      515887 516876 517866 519845
 0.25 505988 506975 504967 501962 499962 495967 487982 486993
      486005 486017 486025 484037 480044 479049 481052 483055
      486055 492051 495045 499037 501029 504018 504006 505988
 0.25 476810 475800 471791 469784 466780 463779 459780 457783
      454790 451799 452806 457813 463817 469818 472818 475816
      476810
 0.25 444754 443749 438750 434748 431750 430755 432759 433764
      433766 436768 438765 441761 443757 444754
 0.25 435954 435942 434930 432910 432904 431900 427893 419881
      415874 412870 408868 403866 399865 395865 391866 386870
      378869 372872 368878 366883 363885 357900 355903 352905
      346910 339920 332924 327930 324937 320943 312945 305947
      295954 292956 290959 285966 277976 272981 268986 269993
      271999 275006 280012 295016 301019 305021 310020 316019
      322015 333004 338000 343997 350993 356991 364990 373990
      382991 385990 389991 393997 395006 391025 386040 385046
      386052 389060 392063 396063 401059 406056 410050 413040
      415031 411026 411021 413017 415008 417997 419989 422983
      426978 430971 433962 435954
 0.25 409108 410105 410103 409102 408102 407103 406105 405105
      406105 407107 409108 409108
 0.25 377965 375961 373958 372955 370949 365952 361955 357958
      357961 361963 364962 365965 363972 368971 373970 377967
      377965
 0.25 350965 350963 349965 350965 350965
 0.25 262792 262787 261784 259779 260776 255778 250778 246780
      241785 237790 237795 239799 243804 246806 250806 257801
      261797 262792
 0.50 523179 524176 523173 522171 520173 518175 517177 516179
      515182 515185 516185 517186 519186 521184 521183 522181
      523181 523179
 0.50 423952 419932 419922 420912 420905 418900 414894 412891
      408891 404892 398893 394901 392892 391887 390881 389877
      385877 378880 375881 374885 369890 362895 361900 363903
      364906 367907 364912 365915 371915 380915 384915 387917
      387924 383945 382953 384961 387977 393981 396988 403993
      408000 411007 412001 413996 413992 415983 420966 423952
 0.50 408045 409038 408033 405028 402026 398029 396033 394036
      392042 391048 391051 393052 399052 402051 406048 408045
 0.50 344982 345978 343976 341971 339965 338958 339951 343946
      342942 339938 335941 331945 321948 303959 292962 285970
      280980 278985 278993 282003 285008 290008 295006 298008
      300013 303018 307018 311018 316016 320013 323010 335992
      342987 344982
 0.50 256787 254785 252785 248786 247787 243789 241790 241793
      242795 245797 248797 251797 253795 255792 255789 256787
 1.00 413959 413953 413947 409940 403937 399936 396938 392945
      389954 391959 393962 397968 401975 403977 407977 409975
      410970 412961 413959
 1.00 330980 327979 324979 323980 323975 324967 323960 319956
      314960 305968 299977 298984 295991 297996 302000 306004
      305011 306014 310014 315011 320007 324001 326995 328987
      330980
 1.00 294977 294976 293975 292973 290973 289972 288972 288974
      286976 285979 284981 284983 283985 284987 286986 287985
      288984 289983 290982 291981 292980 293979 294977 294977
 1.50 411956 411949 409946 405944 400944 396946 395952 394956
      396960 399963 402966 404967 407966 409963 410957 411956
 1.50 322001 323995 321992 317986 317977 318974 317969 314967
      310968 306973 303981 302989 306996 308998 309002 308008
      311009 316006 322001 322001
 2.00 407956 407954 407952 405950 403949 402950 400950 399952
      399954 400956 400957 401959 402960 403961 405960 406959
      407957 407956
 2.00 320001 319994 317992 313992 310990 310986 311981 312975
      308976 306981 307988 308992 310992 312998 312003 313005
      318003 320001

$$




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