Quantitative Precipitation Forecast
Issued by NWS

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000
FXUS04 KWBC 210824
QPFPFD

QUANTITATIVE PRECIPITATION FORECAST DISCUSSION
NWS WEATHER PREDICTION CENTER COLLEGE PARK MD
423 AM EDT THU MAY 21 2015


PRELIM DAY 1...DAY 2 AND DAY 3 QPF DISCUSSION
VALID MAY 21/1200 UTC THRU MAY 24/1200 UTC
REFERENCE AWIPS GRAPHICS UNDER...PRECIP ACCUM - 24HR

DAY 1

...SOUTHERN PLAINS...

EVOLVING MCS ACROSS CENTRAL AND SOUTH TX EARLY THIS AM CONTINUES
TO PROGRESS E-ESE AT A FAIRLY DECENT CLIP...AS THE ~20 KT S-SE LOW
LEVEL INFLOW AND WEAK SW-WSW MEAN FLOW IS LEADING TO INCREASED
DOWNWIND PROPAGATION PER THE LATEST RAP MBE/CORFIDI VECTORS. THE
MODELS HAVE HAVE BEEN DOING A POOR JOB IN HANDLING THIS FEATURE
(AT LEAST IN TERMS OF QPF)...INCLUDING MOST OF THE HIGH RES RUNS
OUTSIDE OF RECENT HRRR RUNS. FOLLOWING THE MCS...CONSIDERABLE
SPREAD IN THE GUIDANCE CONTINUES WITH THE QPF  LATER THIS MORNING
AND AFTN. WPC CONTINUED TO 2 AXES OF HEAVIER AMOUNTS...ONE ACROSS
SOUTH TEXAS ALONG THE SURFACE FRONT (WHICH WILL BECOME
STATIONARY)...WHERE THE CONTINUED AVAILABILITY OF PWATS OF
1.75-2.00 INCHES...MODEST DEEP-LAYER INSTBY (MUCAPES GENERALLY
1000-2000 J/KG)...AND THE PRESENCE OF A LOW-LEVEL BOUNDARY TO
FOCUS MOISTURE CONVERGENCE WILL ALLOW FOR LOCALLY HEAVY RAINFALL
AS MUCH OF THE HIGH RES GUIDANCE SHOWS ISOLATED TOTALS OF 3-6+
INCHES.

FARTHER NORTH...A RATHER ATYPICAL SETUP FOR MID MAY WILL BE THE
SHARP BAROCLINIC SETUP NORTH OF THE SURFACE BOUNDARY WITH THE WELL
BELOW NORMAL SFC-850 MB TEMP PROFILE WHILE PWATS REMAIN CLOSE TO 2
STANDARD DEVIATIONS ABOVE NORMAL. SE LOW-LEVEL INFLOW WILL VEER TO
THE SOUTH OVERNIGHT AND INCREASE TO 20-30 KTS ACROSS THE TX
PANHANDLE...WHERE THE MODELS CONTINUE TO SOME ELEVATED INSTBY TO
WORK WITH ALONG WITH THE UPSLOPE LOW-LEVEL FLOW AND UNSEASONABLY
FAVORABLE (OPTIMAL) ISENTROPIC ASCENT.


 ...MID ATLANTIC STATES TO LONG ISLAND AND ADJACENT COASTAL SRN
NEW ENGLAND...

MODEL CONSENSUS IS FOR A WELL DEFINED 700 MB WAVE TO TRACK FROM
THE MID MS VALLEY ACROSS THE OH VALLEY AND ACROSS THE CENTRAL TO
SOUTHERN APPALACHIANS THIS AFTERNOON/EVENING...THEN OFF THE COAST
BY 12Z FRI. 700 MB THETA-E ADVECTION AHEAD OF THE WAVE HELPS TO
PRODUCE WIDESPREAD RISING MOTION.  ABOVE AVERAGE PW VALUES WILL
PERSIST AHEAD OF THE COLD FRONT EXPECTED TO MOVE EAST ACROSS THE
TN VALLEY AND APPALACHIANS. OVERRUNNING RAINS TO THE NORTH OF THE
ASSOCIATED WEAK SURFACE WAVE PUSHING EASTWARD WILL BRING LIGHT TO
MODERATE PRECIP AMOUNTS FROM THE OH VALLEY AND THE CENTRAL TO
SOUTHERN APPALACHIANS AND VA/NC. WPC UTILIZED A MULTI-MODEL BLEND
WITH THE QPF (ECMWF/GFS/NAM/RGEM)... WEIGHTING MORE TOWARD THE
ECMWF WHICH HAS EXHIBITED BETTER RUN-TO-RUN CONTINUITY OVER THE
PAST 2 RUNS. THE 00Z NAM IN FACT HAS TRENDED NICELY TOWARD THE
ECMWF WITH THE QPF OVER THE MID ATLANTIC REGION.


...CALIFORNIA/PACIFIC NW...GREAT BASIN...CENTRAL/SOUTHERN
ROCKIES...

A REGION OF ABOVE AVERAGE PW VALUES WILL REMAIN ANCHORED FROM
NORTHERN CALIFORNIA/OREGON INTO THE NORTHERN GREAT BASIN WITH
STANDARDIZED ANOMALIES OF 1-2 STD DEVIATIONS ABOVE NORMAL OVER THE
SOUTHERN OR CASCADES INTO ADJACENT NORTHWEST CA.  SCATTERED SHOWER
ACTIVITY LIKELY AGAIN IN THIS ABOVE AVERAGE PW AXIS WITH 700 MB
VERTICAL VELOCITY MAXIMA OVER THE SOUTHERN OR CASCADES LEADING TO
A RAINFALL MAXIMA IN THAT REGION. THIS COINCIDES WITH A MAX REGION
OF UPPER DIFFLUENCE.  ELSEWHERE...MAXIMA IN THE RANGES OF
NORTHEAST OR/SOUTHERN ID/NORTHWEST WY/NORTHERN NV COINCIDE WHERE
ASCENT IS AUGMENTED BY UPSLOPE FLOW AS 700 MB CONVERGENCE MAXIMA
ROTATE AROUND THE BROAD CIRCULATION CONTINUING ACROSS CA/NV AND
ADJACENT PORTIONS OF THE GREAT BASIN.  MANUAL QPF USED A
MULTI-MODEL BLEND...HIGHLIGHTED BY THE ECMWF AND IN-HOUSE PSEUDO
BIAS CORRECTED QPF.

DAYS 2/3...


...SOUTHERN/CENTRAL PLAINS THROUGH THE SOUTHERN/CENTRAL ROCKIES...

A CLOSED MID LEVEL LOW TRACKING FROM SOUTHERN CA TO THE GREAT
BASIN DURING DAYS 2 AND 3 EJECTS SHORT WAVES THROUGH THE STRONG
SOUTHERN STREAM THAT CROSS THE REGION BOTH DAYS. MOISTURE AND
INSTABILITY AHEAD OF EACH SHORT WAVE FUELS CONVECTION WITH THE
POTENTIAL TO PRODUCE HEAVY TO EXCESSIVE RAINFALL ACROSS THE
CENTRAL PLAINS AND CENTRAL ROCKIES DURING DAY 2...AND ACROSS THE
SOUTHERN PLAINS ON BOTH DAYS 2 AND 3. ON DAY 2...THE 00Z
ECMWF/UKMET REMAINED UNITED ON PLACING THE BEST FLOODING THREAT
ACROSS NORTH TX INTO CENTRAL AND EASTERN OK...AND THIS MODEL DUO
WAS THE BASIS FOR THE WPC QPF. ON DAY 3...THERE IS BETTER MODEL
AGREEMENT ON THE PLACEMENT OF THE BEST MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY ON
THE NOSE OF THE LOW LEVEL JET TO ADD THE 00Z GFS TO THE
BLEND...PLACING THE HEAVIEST QPF OVER A PORTION OF THE RED RIVER
VALLEY.

AS THE CLOSED MID LEVEL LOW OVER SOUTHERN CA STARTS TO OPEN UP AND
TRACK ACROSS THE SOUTHWEST STATES ON DAY 2...IT EJECTS A FAIRLY
STRONG SHORT WAVE THAT CROSSES THE SOUTHERN AND CENTRAL ROCKIES.
AHEAD OF THAT SHORT WAVE...A 20 TO 30 KNOT LOW LEVEL SOUTHEASTERLY
JET PUMPS 0.75 TO 1.00 INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER INTO NORTHEAST
CO/SOUTHEAST WY/SOUTHWEST PANHANDLE OF NE DURING THE FIRST HALF OF
THE PERIOD. INSTABILITY IS ALSO ADVECTED INTO THE REGION...WITH
MODEL SOUNDINGS SHOWING ELEVATED INSTABILITY ACROSS THIS AREA. THE
COMBINATION OF MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY FUELS CONVECTION THROUGH
24/00Z...AFTER WHICH TIME THE MOISTURE BECOMES A LIMITING FACTOR
FOR HEAVY RAIN. THE CONVECTION IS EXPECTED TO PRODUCE BETWEEN 0.75
AND 1.25 INCHES OF QPF...IN AN AREA WHERE THE THREE HOUR FLASH
FLOOD GUIDANCE IS AS LOW AS 1.00 TO 1.50 INCHES. BECAUSE OF THE
RELATIVELY LOW FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE...A SLIGHT RISK AREA WAS
PLACED HERE.

FURTHER SOUTH...MOISTURE AND MOSTLY ELEVATED INSTABILITY BECOMES
FOCUSED ON AND OVER A LOW LEVEL BOUNDARY EXTENDING FROM SOUTHEAST
NM THROUGH NORTH TX INTO CENTRAL AND EASTERN OK. SHORT WAVE
EJECTED FORM THE CLOSED MID LEVEL LOW OVER SOUTHERN CA AFFECTS THE
REGION THROUGH DAY 2...THOUGH MOST OF THE SHORT WAVE ENERGY IS
COMPARATIVELY WEAK. AHEAD OF THE SHORT WAVES AND CLOSE TO THE
FRONTAL BOUNDARY...PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES NEAR 1.75 INCHES ARE
TRANSPORTED NORTH ON THE NOSE OF A 25 TO 35 KNOT LOW LEVEL JET
CROSSING WEST TX IN CENTRAL OK. MODEL SOUNDINGS SHOWED MODERATE TO
STRONG INSTABILITY ON THE WARMER SIDE OF THE FRONT...WHICH BECOMES
TRANSPORTED NORTH IN TO NORTH TX...WHILE SOUNDINGS NEAR AND NORTH
OF THE FRONT SHOWED MAINLY ELEVATED INSTABILITY TAPPING THE HIGH
MOISTURE CONTENT AIR.

THE CONVECTION SHOULD PRODUCE AN AXIS OF 1.25 TO 1.75 INCHES OF
QPF STRETCHING FROM FAR SOUTHEAST NM ACROSS NORTH TX INTO CENTRAL
AND EASTERN OK. AT THIS POINT...THREE HOUR FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE
VALUES HERE RANGE BETWEEN 1.50 AND 3.00 INCHES...WITH THE LOWEST
VALUES NEAR THE RED RIVER VALLEY. THERE IS STILL SOME SPREAD IN
JUST WHERE THE HIGHEST QPF FALLS...SO FOR NOW A SLIGHT RISK AREA
WAS EXTENDED ACROSS THIS AREA. IF THERE IS MORE SUPPORT FROM LATER
MODEL RUNS...THE AREAS NEAR THE RED RIVER VALLEY COULD WARRANT A
MODERATE RISK IN SUBSEQUENT FORECASTS.

THE FRONTAL BOUNDARY RIDES NORTH AS A WARM FRONT THE CENTRAL
PLAINS AND CENTRAL ROCKIES DURING DAY 3...WITH A TRAILING COLD
FRONT APPROACHING THE WESTERN HIGH PLAINS THROUGH WEST TX BY THE
END OF THE PERIOD. AHEAD OF THE COLD FRONT IN THE DEVELOPING WARM
SECTOR...A 35 TO 45 KNOT LOW LEVEL JET CONTINUES TO PUMP
PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES NEAR 1.75 INCHES OVER NORTHEAST TX
THROUGH CENTRAL OK...CLOSEST TO THE BEST INSTABILITY AND LOW LEVEL
MOISTURE FLUX. WHILE THERE IS SOME MODEL SPREAD CONCERNING WHICH
SHORT WAVES TAP THE MOISTURE AN INSTABILITY...BUT ALL MODELS SHOW
THE BEST HEIGHT FALLS TRACKING NORTHEAST ACROSS WEST TX INTO OK
DURING DAY 3...AND CONFIDENCE IS RISING THAT THERE WILL BE ENOUGH
SHORT WAVE ENERGY TO FOCUS SYNOPTIC SCALE ASCENT FOR CLUSTERS OF
DEVELOPING CONVECTION.

THERE IS GOOD MODEL AGREEMENT CONCERNING THE PLACEMENT OF THE LOW
LEVEL JET AND THE INSTABILITY...YET THERE IS STILL SOME SPREAD ON
WHERE TO PLACE THE HEAVIEST QPF WITH THE REPEATING CONVECTION. THE
00Z GFS IS A BIT FURTHER WEST WITH THE AXIS...AS IT IS A TAD
SLOWER WITH THE FRONT. HOWEVER...THERE IS ENOUGH MODEL AGREEMENT
ON THE GENERAL PLACEMENT ACROSS NORTHEAST TX INTO SOUTH CENTRAL OK
TO PLACE A MODERATE RISK HERE. BOTH THE 00Z GEFS AND THE LATEST
ECMWF ENSEMBLE OUTPUT HAD MANY MEMBERS WITH 3+ INCH QPF MOUNTS IN
THIS LOCATION. IN ADDITION...MOST 00Z DETERMINISTIC SOLUTIONS HAVE
MAXIMUM QPF VALUES BETWEEN 3 AND 5 INCHES IN THE RED RIVER VALLEY
(WITH THE 00Z ECMWF CLOSING IN ON 8 INCHES). THE MODERATE RISK WAS
SURROUNDED BY A LARGE SLIGHT RISK AREA FROM NORTHEAST OK THROUGH
SOUTH TX AS THE LEVEL FLOW COULD FEED SEVERAL CLUSTERS OF
THUNDERSTORMS WITH HEAVY TO EXCESSIVE RAINFALL.


...WEST COAST/GREAT BASIN/NORTHERN ROCKIES...

A CLOSED MID LEVEL OVER SOUTHERN CA TRACKS TOWARD THE GREAT BASIN
DURING DAY 2 AND 3...EJECTING SHORT WAVES AHEAD OF IT AS IT
TRAVELS. THE SHORT WAVES ARE EXPECTED TO PRODUCE SYNOPTIC SCALE
ASCENT FORT THE DEVELOPMENT OF CONVECTION EACH DAY .THERE WAS
GENERALLY GOOD MODEL AGREEMENT CONCERNING THE STRENGTH AND TRACK
OF THE MID LEVEL SYSTEM...SO THE WPC QPF WAS BASED ON A BLEND OF
THE 00Z ECMWF/GFS...WITH SOME 00Z NAM USED TO BETTER DELINEATE
HIGHER TERRAIN QPF MAXIMA.

DURING DAY 2...THE MID LEVEL LOW WEAKENS A BIT AS IT TRACKS FROM
SOUTHERN CA INTO NORTHERN AZ. THE CLOSED LOW EJECTS SHORT WAVES AS
IT TRAVELS EASTWARD...PROVIDING LOCAL AREAS OF SYNOPTIC SCALE
ASCENT FOR CONVECTION. STEEPENING MID LEVEL LAPSE RATES RESULT IN
A LARGE AREA OF MARGINAL INSTABILITY...FOCUSED MAINLY ON THE GREAT
BASIN. PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES REMAIN BETWEEN 0.50 AND 0.75
INCHES (WHICH IS BETWEEN TWO AND THREE STANDARD DEVIATIONS ABOVE
THE MEAN)..SO THE COMBINATION OF MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY SHOULD
FEED AN INCREASING AREA OF SCATTERED TO BROKEN CONVECTION ACROSS
EASTERN CA...OR/ID/NV/UT/WESTERN WY. THE TERRAIN IS INITIALLY
FAVORED FOR CONVECTION...WHICH STARTS IN THE EARLY AFTERNOON AND
LEANS IN THE EARLY TO MID EVENING. AS THE CONVECTION BEINGS TO
WEAKEN...THE CONVECTION SLIDES OUT INTO THE VALLEYS...PRODUCING A
LARGE AREA OF QPF 0.25 TO 0.50 INCHES OF QP ACROSS MUCH OF WESTERN
OR...NORTHERN AND CENTRAL NV...THE BITTERROOTS IN ID AND THE
WASATCH AND UNITAS IN UT.

THE CLOSED MID LEVEL SYSTEM CROSS THE CENTRAL AND NORTHERN ROCKIES
DURING DAY 3. THE BEST INSTABILITY FOLLOWS THE LOWER HEIGHT WITH
THE CLOSED SYSTEM...SO THE MOST SIGNIFICANT CONCENTRATION OF
CONVECTION SHIFTS EASTWARD INTO THE GREAT BASIN AND NORTHERN
ROCKIES. PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES ARE NOT QUITE AS HIGH AS DAY
2...BUT THE 0.50 INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR STILL COVERS MUCH OF
THE AREA. LIKE DAY 2...THE CONVECTION INITIALLY FAVORS THE
TERRAIN...BUT MOVES OUT INTO THE VALLEYS AFTER THE MAXIMUM HEATING
OF THE DAY IS FINISHED. AREAS OF 0.25 TO 0.50 INCHES OF QPF WERE
PLACED OVER THE HIGHER TERRAIN OF CENTRAL AND EASTERN NV...THE
SAWTOOTH RANGE IN ID..THE WASATCH AND UNITAS IN UT...AND THE GRAND
TETONS IN WY.

WHILE THERE WILL BE LOCALLY HEAVY RAINFALL AMOUNTS ON DAY 2 AND
3...THREE HOUR FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE VALUES ARE GENERALLY ABOVE
1.50 TO 2.00 INCHES...SO ORGANIZED FLASH FLOODING IN NOT EXPECTED.


HURLEY/HAYES

GRAPHICS AVAILABLE ON THE WEB AT WWW.WPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV

24HR QP VT 22/12Z
 0.01 387233 393238 401239 410242 416247 425250 428249 433249
      448247 454243 456241 458237 460232 464232 467230 471231
      473234 474238 476242 481241 486236 493233 500230 516224
      519217 520215 520212 516207 512204 506203 500206 497207
      494207 491200 488199 486201 479201 472200 466201 460201
      457199 457196 457192 458190 462194 464193 467190 469185
      467172 465166 468165 471165 473164 474159 472152 471147
      473143 477137 476134 472127 469112 463102 460098 455093
      453083 450082 448077 446075 443074 437072 431068 428063
      423059 421052 420042 419034 414007 412001 408997 398988
      392980 388976 382974 363958 346946 345930 345923 345919
      343917 335908 331921 328927 324927 323923 323904 322889
      321874 319865 319856 318848 319843 319834 319830 320826
      322823 322819 324812 329801 328795 322793 315800 307807
      302804 296803 290801 283801 283789 284781 283778 280775
      277776 273781 270787 269794 268796 265797 260796 253797
      248801 246806 248811 250815 252814 277818 284818 286826
      286831 290835 293839 295845 297852 298860 298868 297876
      296880 296887 293895 289893 285895 285904 287910 288919
      293931 293939 292945 287956 284961 279964 271970 259972
      255977 250981 244983 237983 232985 230991 229007 230015
      232021 240027 246034 255041 260045 265046 271048 277049
      292051 297052 303053 312061 318069 326076 337082 342085
      348086 355087 360086 365088 371091 375094 375103 383097
      389099 389107 392109 392112 386114 381115 377119 373123
      373129 378130 382126 386123 394124 398129 394135 390138
      388139 387143 386157 384160 382160 376163 374168 370171
      366170 365168 361167 360170 360174 358176 354180 350183
      346188 345191 347198 352202 356206 364213 369215 376218
      377214 374212 370210 370207 374207 379207 385209 390212
      396214 402217 408219 406224 400225 395224 390227 388229
      387233
 0.01 513683 513678 511675 510671 508657 506654 502655 493657
      490659 488665 486668 483669 470678 469684 470691 472695
      471699 468703 465702 459709 458712 457717 457730 457742
      455752 453764 454775 456785 455798 456808 455812 456819
      459828 462830 465827 467832 471833 476829 481809 482804
      482796 484786 483773 481768 481761 478749 479744 481739
      487734 492727 503713 512697 513683
 0.01 514744 512739 509734 507732 503733 500737 497740 497745
      499747 503749 506751 511750 512747 514744
 0.01 440667 438656 437651 435648 431645 423647 416650 409654
      398661 391665 384669 377672 372675 365678 359683 355688
      352694 336715 333720 331724 330727 324740 317752 310763
      302770 299773 298777 299782 301785 307788 311787 315785
      319782 325779 332779 335782 337784 339791 344796 356802
      360807 361810 361814 359821 356829 353835 352842 357840
      364836 374834 379830 384826 392815 396808 399801 402796
      404793 407792 409789 413788 419783 417767 415760 412764
      411767 408770 401769 399766 400762 404755 407749 409740
      412735 417729 424718 427712 429705 433698 435691 437685
      438679 440667
 0.01 458886 458880 456876 456871 454867 453862 452857 448853
      443853 441849 440837 439825 437818 434818 430821 427829
      426836 426842 425846 429864 431871 435878 439885 442894
      444898 446899 451903 455898 456893 457889 458886
 0.01 345182 345178 344175 344171 343169 341168 339169 337170
      335171 337172 340173 343175 343180 344182 345182
 0.25 485705 484702 482701 479704 477709 476715 472716 472723
      473730 474734 475732 475727 476724 478723 481718 482715
      484710 485705
 0.25 475738 473734 469736 466742 465752 463762 463772 463782
      468780 471772 472763 473753 474743 475738
 0.25 464224 465221 465219 464217 463217 461217 461218 459219
      458219 458222 459222 460223 462224 464224 464224
 0.25 463178 463175 461174 456174 453171 449173 447176 445179
      444186 445191 449193 451190 453186 455181 460180 463178
 0.25 445221 443216 443211 445207 446204 444202 441197 438197
      434197 433195 430190 431186 430184 427184 425186 419194
      417200 419204 422209 425213 428214 429217 427219 426222
      428224 434225 438225 443223 445221
 0.25 439207 438206 437204 437203 436204 435205 434205 433207
      432210 432212 432213 433212 434212 436211 438209 438208
      439207
 0.25 423231 424229 424227 423226 422226 421226 419227 418228
      417229 416229 417232 418234 420234 421233 422233 423231
 0.25 421673 420666 418662 415662 410663 396671 381679 373684
      368689 362697 360704 358713 359718 358721 356724 353726
      347732 340733 337734 334737 331745 329753 327762 329766
      334765 336765 340767 342770 343774 344780 345785 351789
      357794 364796 372795 377792 380789 385784 389776 395761
      401744 403735 407727 414710 419694 421684 421673
 0.25 414231 415229 414227 412227 411228 410230 411232 413231
      414231
 0.25 398203 397196 394188 392185 388183 384183 380185 378187
      375187 372185 368183 364184 362186 365191 372196 378201
      384205 392208 396208 397205 398203
 0.25 411061 410057 410049 408038 406028 402019 399011 393003
      386998 378995 375994 371995 367998 361996 355993 349987
      342982 335978 331977 330971 330959 331954 331947 329945
      325948 323956 321967 319971 318977 319986 320990 319992
      317995 309000 305000 302998 299994 297989 296979 299970
      305951 307940 307936 308928 306918 307913 311910 312906
      312901 311890 307887 304889 300895 296903 297910 299914
      301918 300923 299935 297944 295954 292961 288966 285968
      279973 276975 272977 268979 266983 264988 263994 264996
      262999 258001 255999 248995 240993 238996 236999 237003
      241012 253024 258028 264029 270028 287035 298036 306036
      310036 315039 320046 325052 328054 332053 336054 339057
      342060 343064 346068 347073 350077 354078 361073 363070
      366071 368076 368081 369085 372086 380083 383079 387078
      390080 394078 401074 407068 409063 411061
 0.25 375064 374062 373061 372060 371061 371062 373064 375064
      375064
 0.25 373046 373044 374042 373039 372039 371040 370041 370043
      371044 372046 373046
 0.25 262807 263805 261803 259802 257803 256803 256804 254806
      254808 256808 258808 260808 262807 262807
 0.50 414684 414679 412676 406675 399677 393680 381687 376691
      372697 370703 370710 372713 375711 383709 385713 383716
      381722 378727 374732 369737 368743 366749 365757 364765
      365769 367772 367781 364787 366790 370789 374785 382777
      386771 388765 393752 397739 399733 402727 408715 412701
      413692 414684
 0.50 393202 391199 388194 385191 382190 378191 373188 369186
      367187 371190 375193 378196 381199 385202 389203 392203
      393202
 0.50 407056 407051 406048 404046 401046 395047 390045 386047
      383051 383054 385056 387059 386061 383063 385065 390066
      395064 400060 405058 407056
 0.50 372718 370713 366716 361724 358728 356734 354739 347740
      339745 338750 340755 343758 348759 351755 353751 359742
      363739 365733 365727 369723 372720 372718
 0.50 359067 359065 359064 357063 355064 353066 352068 351070
      350073 351073 353074 354073 355073 356071 358069 358067
      359067
 0.50 358025 359022 358020 356018 352014 348011 344006 339997
      336991 333989 330990 326995 324000 320005 319011 316018
      318025 324034 328039 335040 348038 353037 356031 358025
 0.50 294014 295009 294006 291000 287993 281989 278988 275989
      274994 275999 270005 267007 266011 266016 269019 274022
      283023 291023 292017 294014 294014
 0.50 289979 289977 289974 288973 286973 285974 284974 283976
      282976 282978 282981 283982 284982 286982 288981 288980
      289979
 1.00 399716 399714 399712 398711 396711 394712 394713 393715
      393718 393720 393722 392723 392725 392727 393727 395727
      395726 396724 397721 399719 399718 399716
 1.00 400055 401053 400053 399054 398055 399055 400055 400055
 1.00 390732 390729 386730 383734 380740 379746 376753 374758
      379757 382755 383752 385749 387749 385749 384745 384742
      386740 389735 390732
 1.00 334019 334018 334017 334014 333012 331010 329008 327007
      326007 325007 325010 324011 323012 323014 323016 325018
      326018 327019 329019 330020 332020 334019 334019
 1.00 287014 288010 287008 284005 282005 280006 276007 275007
      272009 272013 274015 277015 280016 283017 286016 287014
 1.50 284012 284010 282010 280010 278010 276010 274011 276012
      278013 279013 280014 282014 283014 284012

24HR QP VT 23/12Z
 0.01 461623 468625 473626 480625 487625 493626 499631 506641
      513657 516665 519676 521686 519695 517714 516722 514728
      511731 507732 504733 502731 500728 496728 493728 492723
      489719 483718 473713 470710 467710 462718 454730 450731
      447734 447738 449741 449744 447748 443752 441756 441760
      436761 432764 427765 423770 420780 421792 420795 420799
      417807 414812 412814 407815 404816 402813 399807 398801
      395803 388804 388799 390796 395793 399791 399787 402780
      406773 408768 410764 411758 413751 415736 419729 422727
      424723 435712 441700 442696 441692 436693 434690 431688
      426694 421700 417703 414706 410707 401709 399708 394708
      388707 378698 375692 376684 378677 381671 383665 384662
      384657 389646
 0.01 527242 527228 526222 524216 522213 518209 516208 513209
      508207 506203 503193 496184 491183 487185 484188 482192
      479195 475196 471197 468194 463191 464184 467175 469171
      472167 479161 477154 474150 472145 473142 475141 479139
      481135 479132 476129 473128 469129 465124 465120 467117
      470114 473102 474096 471092 469089 469084 473083 475079
      479072 477069 473070 469070 468072 464077 461077 460078
      461082 460085 457082 451075 446067 442064 440063 439059
      442048 444038 441027 440011 437000 433991 429981 426978
      423978 408969 404959 401958 398961 391956 384947 379942
      379929 378925 377918 377912 375909 374904 372899 366897
      364891 362886 360882 358877 357871 353870 349872 342876
      339878 337881 336886 336893 337905 333908 331912 331921
      330927 328932 325936 319936 316932 312922 308903 306899
      303897 298896 295892 292888 288885 285893 289919 291924
      292931 292944 291950 288954 284960 281964 279964 272968
      267971 264969 261966 257966 253968 255972 260976 251978
      244983 240987 236989 233992 232999 232010 232015 234019
      240027 244029 249031 254036 261041 267046 276043 293036
      301034 304031 305034 305042 306046 307050 311053 319059
      329063 336063 340061 346057 354054 359053 365052 368050
      370045 371041 371035 371030 373028 375025 377026 379031
      381036 381042 379047 376052 370052 370055 372058 373061
      371063 368063 366061 364063 367067 365071 365079 365085
      367088 372089 377091 378094 375096 370097 368100 361104
      356109 345111 344112 343117 344122 342126 343131 347134
      348139 352140 355144 357144 362141 369142 372146 373150
      372152 370153 367150 362150 359149 347147 352155 357158
      359161 361166 359172 354180 348184 347180 346173 343166
      341164 339167 336165 335167 332168 328167 326167 326170
      330171 333174 338177 342179 343182 345187 344193 347197
      352195 357197 361200 364203 370204 375203 381205 394214
      397217 398220 397224 392228 395232 399234 411237 415239
      421241 428238 434233 442230
 0.01 442230 451225 457224 462225 467227 470229 471232 474238
      478242 483242 486243 487246 492258 495264 500269 504271
      508277 513279 515275 519268 521261 524254 526244 527242
 0.01 389105 388100 385099 385097 381097 381099 379101 376100
      372102 372107 373111 376111 378109 380107 382108 385109
      387107 389105
 0.01 341173 340171 339170 339172 340174 341173
 0.01 298819 297815 295813 291809 285807 289802 284791 282789
      280792 277798 271797 266798 264799 252804 251808 252812
      258815 268821 273824 278825 280826 284826 290828 293829
      296827 298820 298819
 0.25 516256 516248 516243 515237 513233 510228 508224 506224
      504223 504228 506234 507239 508243 510249 512254 515258
      516256
 0.25 513675 512669 511664 506654 502647 496642 490639 482640
      473643 470646 468649 466653 466658 464663 461666 457673
      456679 459681 467681 474677 477677 479681 482683 480687
      481691 484694 489699 496701 500701 502700 508693 512684
      513675
 0.25 479236 478233 478232 477233 476233 475235 476235 477237
      479236 479236
 0.25 465159 452147 443142 442136 438135 436148 435150 439154
      449158 449164 448169 448173 446175 441176 438174 432164
      425161 421158 421152 419141 416144 412141 403144 395139
      391141 392145 398148 399153 397156 390154 384154 384159
      382162 381170 382181 379185 375185 365185 363186 365188
      370190 372193 376194 378191 380191 382195 386198 392199
      399193 402195 404200 405203 407204 410206 413210 419212
      425214 429213 431200 434196 438194 442193 444194 449195
      453193 458186 461181 462177 463172 464162 465159
 0.25 439650 439646 437644 432641 426641 420644 410651 401659
      395669 393676 396682 401685 407684 412682 418678 423675
      427671 435662 438656 439650
 0.25 445099 445094 443091 441088 437087 434088 432085 429077
      427076 426082 425094 426097 426103 423106 420107 417107
      414104 413101 409100 400109 394112 393115 395117 399117
      403118 404121 409117 415115 424117 428116 430113 435108
      441104 442100 445099
 0.25 427172 426170 425168 424167 424165 423162 422162 421161
      420161 419161 417163 416165 415167 416169 418169 420169
      422170 423170 425171 426172 426174 427172
 0.25 417180 417179 415179 415177 414175 413174 412174 413176
      413179 415181 415182 416182 417181 417180
 0.25 429037 430031 429026 425019 415006 410000 407997 403996
      398997 396000 392009 392021 390031 391042 388052 390062
      393071 399076 403078 408079 412078 415076 419067 423060
      425050 428043 429037
 0.25 410169 410167 409166 409164 408163 407163 406163 407163
      407166 408167 409168 409169 410169
 0.25 388125 389123 390121 390118 388117 387117 386118 385118
      384120 383121 382122 381124 382126 382127 384127 385127
      386127 388126 388125
 0.25 372976 373960 372941 368927 365923 361921 355921 351921
      345925 341928 335939 333944 332952 330956 326959 314962
      299977 291985 288988 282989 268988 261987 257988 251992
      250997 248999 245999 241999 239001 240007 243011 247014
      250015 254015 255013 254009 257007 262010 265013 261019
      265023 268027 272028 284026 289023 288017 298010 306005
      309000 311996 316998 315006 323030 322037 323045 325050
      328052 331051 335046 339043 342041 346035 348030 352026
      355021 357015 358007 362001 366992 369982 372976
 0.25 286816 284815 282815 281816 280817 281818 283818 285818
      286816
 0.25 267806 265804 263803 261804 261805 261807 262807 263808
      265808 267807 267806
 0.50 504670 503665 502660 501658 499656 498653 496651 492651
      490654 492659 491663 491665 493669 494671 496673 498675
      501674 502673 504670
 0.50 459180 459178 459175 458176 457177 456179 457182 459181
      459180
 0.50 452183 450182 448181 447182 448183 449185 450185 452184
      452183
 0.50 434169 433167 431167 429166 428168 429170 430172 432171
      433171 434170 434169
 0.50 429185 429183 429182 427184 427186 429185 429185
 0.50 422041 424033 423027 416020 408012 405009 400009 398015
      399021 400027 401035 404039 407042 408051 403060 405062
      408062 411059 411055 413053 416053 418048 421043 422041
 0.50 407173 405172 405175 406175 407173 407173
 0.50 391176 392174 392172 392170 392167 392165 390164 388166
      387169 388171 388172 388173 388176 389177 391177 391176
 0.50 368970 369964 368959 367950 367939 366934 365932 360929
      355928 351929 345933 341939 338944 337953 334962 330966
      327967 324969 316970 310973 306977 308979 311981 318983
      323988 324992 325995 328997 329000 331002 335002 338001
      338004 334008 338011 337014 334016 328020 326023 326027
      326034 325037 328040 333038 337032 343020 345009 349004
      364981 366975 368970
 0.50 287995 284993 280993 277995 273995 268994 262994 258996
      258998 262001 266003 269003 275001 278999 282997 286996
      287995
 0.50 281022 279022 278021 276020 274019 272020 270021 270022
      272022 274023 276023 276024 277024 279024 280024 281022
      281022
 1.00 416034 415031 414030 412029 410031 410033 411035 412036
      414037 415036 416034 416034
 1.00 361969 362961 361952 359946 355941 351941 348945 346953
      346960 346969 347976 350980 354978 357974 360972 361969
 1.00 334027 335025 334023 332022 331023 330024 330025 330027
      330029 330031 332033 333032 333030 334029 334027
 1.50 356960 356958 357956 356954 355953 354952 353954 353956
      352958 352960 354963 355962 356960

24HR QP VT 24/12Z
 0.01 526247 527230 527224 524219 522215 519212 512203 498190
      489187 485186 482188 473197 466193 464190 464184 468177
      470173 470170 474165 473159 470155 467151 471146 479142
      488147 493149 498149 497143 495139 489131 486128 482125
      477119 474111 474101 472096 469093 463087 458081 454074
      457065 459059 475015 474009 472006 466006 463008 460010
      458008 455006 454002 454995 454974 454953 454947 452942
      445943 442945 440949 438954 438959 436965 433971 430975
      426976 422968 419962 420955 418943 415931 414917 412908
      410903 410901 408900 401896 395893 390886 386880 379877
      367882 360883 355885 352888 352894 354899 353902 351903
      345909 339916 332911 324907 315906 305907 302905 299905
      297913 292920 290930 290933 293937 301945 303947 306947
      311946 315948 318951 315955 311956 303958 292957 287957
      282958 273962 268966 253974 246977 240981 236986 235989
      235993 236996 234001 233009 233016 234022 240028 252041
      259045 263047 269048 280049 286049 289048 293048 296046
      299040 305036 311033 315035 317038 323045 329050 338050
      344051 351052 355054 355060 357065 360068 364070 368074
      364083 361086 359092 359109 357121 357125 358129 365133
      372140 371145 368146 363141 359140 359143 360147 356149
      354149 354152 354155 356157 361165 362167 361171 358173
      353173 350176 352181 354184 360191 363193 368195 372197
      375200 383206 390209 399211 404212 409211 421210 427209
      431208 436209 442210 445211 447215 445219 448223 465226
      473224 476226 474232 473239 475242 479244 480241 485241
      487245 489249 490255 493264 499271 503276 507277 510276
      514274 518268 522262 524256 526247
 0.01 535941 534928 531918 529909 526900 522884 520876 518868
      515857 512848 509840 506833 503827 502816 501804 502795
      503790 503783 501770 503767 502760 503754 506751 508750
      510746 511737 510733 509729 506727 502726 501720 497712
      493707 491702 490696 485680 480668 475659 469656 464653
      457652 453656 451662 446675 443685 439692 437699 438705
      440708 441723 435727 434730 434733 438734 442733 445735
      447739 452759 455779 459795 461800 462805 466812 470833
      475846 480862 488904 492921 496937 502954 508970 512973
      515973 517972 522968 526963 527959 527954 527949 530948
      535941
 0.01 300855 299849 300844 295838 292834 287832 285821 283816
      282811 283808 287810 291810 289807 282802 263800 254805
      250808 250812 250820 252822 259825 269828 276832 282833
      277836 275836 279840 284841 288843 293849 298855 300855
 0.25 521253 521248 520243 518234 517223 513217 504205 496200
      489200 482202 476204 466212 466215 468217 470218 476219
      485222 491226 495233 498240 502247 507253 514257 518257
      519255 521253
 0.25 502259 502257 502256 500254 500253 499252 497251 495251
      493253 493254 494256 495257 496259 497260 499261 500261
      501261 502259
 0.25 498870 497859 496853 493845 492838 488822 487808 486797
      484791 483786 480786 479792 478801 478810 479815 480817
      483822 486830 487839 488849 490856 494868 498870
 0.25 464117 465114 466112 466110 465107 464106 464104 463103
      463102 462100 460100 458101 456103 455105 455108 455110
      454113 455114 457114 459115 460115 461116 462117 464117
      464117
 0.25 446160 447153 448145 446140 444138 445134 442131 438133
      436136 434143 434150 436155 437158 440161 444160 446160
 0.25 454034 454030 452029 448027 445023 444016 444010 445005
      445998 443994 441992 436992 431997 424995 419989 416985
      414980 413974 413967 410956 408945 406934 403924 401918
      399914 396910 389905 381900 379900 376904 374915 371923
      368927 364926 359926 355927 348932 326960 313967 306970
      297970 286973 278977 272982 264987 251992 245996 240002
      237007 237013 239018 242020 251024 260026 270029 279028
      285027 292023 297021 303022 315023 320023 323026 331031
      339028 344027 347028 359037 363039 367038 374032 378033
      379038 380044 380051 387056 388065 387068 388071 393078
      397078 402077 406075 411075 416074 420072 427073 429076
      427080 423088 424093 425096 430104 435105 439105 443103
      446100 447094 445089 441080 439076 441073 444075 445074
      442072 440067 442061 444058 450045 454034
 0.25 425141 425133 426128 426124 419116 417111 412106 413101
      411097 409095 406095 403100 401105 402111 391109 386109
      382110 379112 377115 376124 381133 382141 384147 385151
      381152 371157 371161 372163 376166 380170 382175 385180
      390182 396181 401179 404175 409174 415173 418168 422157
      422152 423148 425141
 0.25 412129 413124 408121 406121 402120 399122 395123 393125
      396128 397133 400136 403135 405137 408136 410133 412129
 0.25 380192 381190 381188 380187 379186 378185 377184 375183
      374183 372182 370181 368181 367182 366183 366184 366185
      366187 367188 369189 370190 371191 372192 374193 376193
      377193 379193 380192
 0.25 321939 321937 321936 320935 319933 318932 317931 316931
      314932 314933 315935 316935 316937 317938 319939 321939
      321939
 0.25 277822 274820 273818 271815 269813 267812 266810 264811
      262813 262815 264818 266820 268821 272822 274822 277822
 0.50 515243 514228 511222 507216 500208 495203 490203 480208
      475211 473212 475214 483215 487214 493214 497216 501230
      505242 508246 510247 515245 515243
 0.50 441137 441135 439136 439137 441138 441137
 0.50 431054 432048 431042 429035 428032 425030 419028 413025
      407023 403023 400024 399027 401030 402032 398034 393036
      386033 384040 384046 385049 390048 392045 395044 403046
      410044 411046 412050 413059 416061 419062 426059 430055
      431054
 0.50 420157 420154 421152 421150 421147 422145 422143 423141
      422139 420139 418138 417139 416142 416143 416144 416146
      416147 415149 415151 416153 416155 417156 418157 420158
      420157
 0.50 409105 407104 407105 407106 409106 409105
 0.50 399141 399140 397140 397141 398142 399141
 0.50 394168 394165 392163 390164 389166 388167 387168 387171
      388172 389172 391172 391171 393170 393169 394168
 0.50 393954 393945 392939 390935 387934 384936 378940 375943
      370943 363935 360935 357935 353938 343950 339955 335958
      327963 314972 305978 301980 297981 286982 279985 269989
      259992 252996 247002 246009 249014 256019 265023 272023
      279022 283020 287017 291015 311014 318015 324015 328025
      332026 336025 343019 347020 352022 357023 361021 359014
      358003 362001 366997 373990 384979 387976 388972 390965
      393954
 1.00 378974 377967 375963 377954 375951 372952 369953 366952
      364947 361945 357945 354947 349952 343956 321974 315979
      310985 304989 297991 291990 286990 278993 271994 265996
      260998 258000 258006 261007 275004 282009 286006 288005
      295002 300998 309002 317005 324006 328007 330010 329017
      331021 334021 337018 341013 347010 354993 361990 366987
      371984 374981 378974
 1.50 369981 369976 367974 364971 364959 362949 357949 355953
      353958 349960 341964 327975 319981 313987 309990 306994
      307995 311996 316996 321994 324992 328993 332997 333002
      334013 347000 349996 350989 351983 354980 359980 362983
      369981
 1.50 295996 294993 293993 292993 291994 290995 290997 291998
      293998 295996
 2.00 354969 352966 348966 341967 335972 331978 329981 330986
      331989 335990 338992 339995 338999 340000 344998 346996
      347991 348980 352975 354969
 3.00 347976 346972 344970 341970 339972 337974 335977 334980
      334984 337986 341986 344984 344982 346978 347976
 4.00 343980 344978 344976 344973 343973 341973 340973 339975
      339976 337978 337979 337980 337982 339983 341982 343981
      343980

$$





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