Quantitative Precipitation Forecast
Issued by NWS

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000
FXUS04 KWBC 171031
QPFPFD

QUANTITATIVE PRECIPITATION FORECAST DISCUSSION
NWS WEATHER PREDICTION CENTER COLLEGE PARK MD
531 AM EST FRI FEB 17 2017


FINAL DAY 1...DAY 2 AND DAY 3 QPF DISCUSSION
VALID FEB 17/1200 UTC THRU FEB 20/1200 UTC
REFERENCE AWIPS GRAPHICS UNDER...PRECIP ACCUM - 24HR


...A MAJOR CA PCPN EVENT...

...CALIFORNIA AND INTERMOUNTAIN WEST...

WIDESPREAD VERY HEAVY TO EXCESSIVE RAINFALL AMOUNTS REMAIN ON TAP
FOR N-CENTRAL TO SRN CALIFORNIA AND A WPC EXCESSIVE RAINFALL
OUTLOOK HIGH RISK AREA HAS BEEN ISSUED. WATER VAPOR AND BLENDED
TPW LOOPS SHOW AN IMPRESSIVE AND LONG FETCH ATMOSPHERIC RIVER
EXTENDING BACK TO HAWAII AND WELL BEYOND OVER THE SUBTROPICAL
W-CENTRAL PACIFIC. PW ANOMALIES OF 2-3+ STANDARD DEVIATIONS ABOVE
THE MEAN WILL IMPACT THIS REGION THROUGH THE DAY 1 PERIOD AS THE
AMPLIFYING UPSTREAM TROF APPROACHES THE SRN CA COAST. LOWER
LATITUDE PACIFIC FLOW ALOFT IS HIGHLY AMPLIFIED AND DYNAMIC WITH A
190 KT UPPER JET TO THE NORTH OF HAWAII AND ROBUST DOWNSTREAM FLOW
BUCKLING INCLUDING A POTENT SHORTWAVE/LOW SET TO APPROACH CA IN A
PATTERN WITH SUBSTANTIAL LEAD DIFFLUENT FLOW
ALOFT...ENHANCING/COOLING CLOUD TOPS...AN AN EMERGING 50 KT LLJ.
PREDICTABILITY IS HIGH THAT THIS HIGHLY ANOMOLOUS SET-UP WILL FUEL
WIDESPREAD HEAVY PCPN FOR CENTRAL AND ESPECIALLY SRN CA DAY1 AND
HAVE COORDINATED WITH LOX/SGX ISSUANCE OF A HIGH RISK EXCESSIVE
AREA TO ADDRESS EXPECTED WIDESPREAD RUNOFF PROBLEMS TO BE LOCALLY
ENHANCED BY OVERALL FLOW/INSTABILITY...TERRAIN AND EFFECTS A BURN
SCAR RUNOFF ISSUES. AREAL AVERAGE PRECIP TOTALS OF 3-5" POSSIBLE
FROM THE CENTRAL TO SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA RANGES...WITH ISOLATED
MAXIMA UP TO 10" POSSIBLE. SATELLITE DERIVED RAINFALL RATES
ADJUSTED FOR TOPOGRAPHY COULD YIELD 1"/HOUR LOCALLY. SNOW LEVELS
ARE HIGH BUT THERE IS ALSO POTENTIAL FOR SIGNIFICANT SNOWS WELL
DOWN FROM THE SIERRA INTO THE HIGHER MOUNTAINS OF SRN CA. EMBEDDED
VORTS EJECTING FURTHER INLAND WITH REDUCING MOISTURE SHOULD
MEANWHILE ALSO BE ABLE TO COMBINE WITH TERRAIN LIFT TO SUPPORT
WIDESPREAD LIGHT/MODEST PCPN ACROSS THE GREAT BASIN WITH A MIXED
BAG OF PCPN TYPES ACROSS VALLEYS AND HIGHER TERRAIN. PLEASE SEE
WPC WINTER WEATHER DESK PRODUCTS AND THE NDFD FOR DETAILS.

...W-CENTRAL GULF COAST...

GUIDANCE OVERALL AGREES THAT A CLOSED LOW TRACK OVER THE SRN
PLAINS AND LOWER MS VALLEY WILL BE SLOW TO INDUCE INLAND LEAD
MOISTURE INFLOW FROM THE GULF OF MEXICO. THE LOW LEVEL FLOW IS
EXPECTED TO GRADUALLY STRENGTHEN TO SUPPORT AN INCREASING PRECIP
THREAT FOR THE WRN GULF COAST TO THE CENTRAL GULF COAST. MODEL
CONSENSUS IS THAT MUCH OF THE HEAVIEST PRECIP MAY REMAIN MAINLY
OFFSHORE...BUT A CONSERVATIVE GLOBAL/MESO MODEL COMPOSITE BLEND
AND CONTINUITY WOULD FAVOR SOME MODERATE TO LOCALLY HEAVIER 1-3"
TOTALS ON THE NRN EDGE OF THIS PRECIP AREA WILL BE IN PLAY FROM
THE UPPER TX COAST AND ESPECIALLY SRN/SERN LA TO THE CENTRAL GULF
COAST WHERE COASTAL PWS MAY INCREASE TO AOA 1.5" LOCALLY WITH
SOUTHERLY LOW LEVEL RETURN INFLOW STREAM.


DAYS 2 AND 3...


...WESTERN UNITED STATES...

A CLOSED MID LEVEL LOW OVER SOUTHWEST CA EARLY ON DAY 2 OPENS UP
INTO A LONG WAVE TROUGH...WHICH TRACKS TO NV/WESTERN AZ BY LATE IN
THE PERIOD. DEEP MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY AHEAD OF THE MID LEVEL
TROUGH COULD RESULT IN A FLASH FLOOD THREAT ACROSS PORTIONS OF THE
SOUTHWEST. STRONG SHORT WAVE ENERGY CROSSES NORTHERN AND CENTRAL
CA DURING DAY 3...TAPPING DEEPER MOISTURE AS IT DOES...RESULTING
IN A FLASH FLOOD THREAT IN THESE AREAS. THE 00Z GFS ONCE AGAIN
APPEARED TO BE TOO FAST WITH ITS SOLUTION...SO THE WPC QPF WAS
BASED PRIMARILY ON A BLEND OF THE PREVIOUS TWO ECMWF RUNS.

A CLOSED MID LEVEL LOW OVER SOUTHWEST CA WEAKENS AS IT OPENS INTO
A LONG WAVE TROUGH OVER NV AND WESTERN AZ DURING DAY 2. AHEAD OF
THE LONG WAVE TROUGH...A 35 TO 45 KNOT LOW LEVEL SOUTHERLY FLOW
TRANSPORTS 0.75/1.00 INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR (WHICH IS BETWEEN
TWO AND THREE STANDARD DEVIATIONS ABOVE THE MEAN) ACROSS FAR
WESTERN AZ/FAR SOUTHEAST CA AND SOUTHERN NV IN THE 18/12Z THROUGH
18/18Z TIME FRAME. MODEL SOUNDINGS IN THE MOISTURE PLUME SHOWED
MARGINAL INSTABILITY (DUE AT LEAST IN PART TO STEEPENING LAPSE
RATES)...AND THE RESULTING CONVECTION IS EXPECTED TO TRACK FROM
SOUTH TO NORTH ACROSS THE ABOVEMENTIONED AREA.

THERE WAS A MULTI MODEL SIGNAL FOR A STRIPE OF 1.25 TO 1.50 INCHES
OF QPF ACROSS THESE AREAS. CORFIDI VECTORS BECOME BETTER ALIGNED
WITH THE 850-300 MB WINDS AHEAD OF THE MID LEVEL SYSTEM AS THE
CONVECTION DEVELOPS...WHICH COULD CAUSE LOCAL TRAINING AND HIGHER
QPF AMOUNTS. AFTER COLLABORATING WITH WFO VEF...A SLIGHT RISK AREA
WAS ASSIGNED TO FAR WESTERN AZ/FAR SOUTHEAST CA AND SOUTHERN NV
FOR DAY 2.

FURTHER EAST...THE INSTABILITY WANES AS THE MOISTURE PLUME MOVES
INTO CENTRAL AZ...MAINLY AFTER 18/18Z. THE SOUTHERLY FLOW BECOMES
UPSLOPE ACROSS THE MOGOLLON RIM...AND THE UPSLOPE FLOW COULD
MITIGATE THE DECREASING INSTABILITY HERE. THE 00Z ECMWF/UKMET WERE
MOST BULLISH WITH THE QPF HERE...EACH SHOWING AMOUNTS IN EXCESS OF
2.00 INCHES. THE WPC QPF WAS NOT QUITE AS ROBUST...BUT NEARLY 2.00
INCHES OF QPF WAS PLACED IN THE BEST UPSLOPE AREAS...WHICH COULD
RESULT IN AN ENHANCED FLASH FLOOD THREAT. BECAUSE OF THIS...A
SLIGHT RISK AREA WAS PLACED HERE FOR DAY 2 AS WELL.

FINALLY ON DAY 2...ANOTHER CLOSED MID LEVEL LOW...THIS ONE WELL
OFF THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST COAST...SENDS SHORT WAVE ENERGY INTO THE
PACIFIC NORTHWEST AND NORTHERN ROCKIES...MAINLY DURING THE SECOND
HALF OF THE PERIOD. THE MOISTURE CONTENT OF THE AIRMASS IS NOT
EXPECTED TO BE AS ROBUST AS THE SOUTHWEST STATES...BUT THE UPSLOPE
FLOW AND SYNOPTIC ASCENT PROVIDED BY THE SHORT WAVE ENERGY WILL
MAKE THE MOST OF THE MOISTURE IN THE COLUMN. UPSLOPE FLOW FOCUSES
THE MOISTURE ON THE SAWTOOTH AND SALMON RIVER MOUNTAINS IN ID...
WHERE AN AXIS OF 0.75 TO 1.00 INCHES OF QPF WAS PLACED. LOWERING
SNOW LEVELS SHOULD MITIGATE THE THREAT OF FLASH FLOODING DURING
DAY 2 HERE.

THE CLOSED MID LEVEL LOW WELL WEST OF THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST COAST
EARLY ON DAY 3 OPENS UP...SENDING SHORT WAVE ENERGY ACROSS THE
PACIFIC NORTHWEST DURING THE FIRST HALF OF THE DAY.  THE LOW LEVEL
WEST SOUTHWEST FLOW SEND THE 0.75/1.00 INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR
TO THE HIGHER TERRAIN OF WESTERN WA/OR...WHERE AN AXIS OF 0.75 TO
1.25 INCHES OF QPF WAS PLACED. FURTHER EAST...THE MOISTURE IN
THE COLUMN IS NOT QUITE AS DEEP IT WAS ACROSS THE PACIFIC
NORTHWEST...BUT UPSLOPE FLOW WILL FOCUS THE MOISTURE ON THE HIGHER
TERRAIN OF THE NORTHERN AND CENTRAL ROCKIES. AREAS OF 0.25 TO 0.50
INCHES OF QPF WERE PLACED OVER THE GRAND TETONS IN WY...THE
WASATCH AND UINTAS IN UT...AS WELL AS THE SAN JUAN RANGE IN
SOUTHWEST CO. MOISTURE FROM THE PACIFIC PLUME THAT CROSSES THE
SOUTHWEST STATES ON DAY 2 BECOMES INVOLVED IN THE UPSLOPE FLOW
OVER THE SAN JUAN RANGE...WHERE LOCAL 1.00 INCH QPF AMOUNTS ARE
POSSIBLE.

AS THE MID LEVEL SYSTEM OPENS UP AND APPROACHES SOUTHWEST OR AND
NORTHERN AND CENTRAL CA DURING THE SECOND HALF OF DAY 3...IT TAPS
MOISTURE FROM AN ATMOSPHERIC RIVER AND FOCUSES IT ON THE HIGHER
TERRAIN. A 30 TO 40 KNOT LOW LEVEL WEST SOUTHWEST FLOW SEND 1.25
INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR (WHICH IS BETWEEN TWO AND THREE
STANDARD DEVIATIONS ABOVE THE MEAN) ACROSS THE NORTHERN CA COASTAL
RANGE...WHERE THERE WAS A MULTI MODEL SIGNAL FOR 2.50 TO 3.50
INCHES OF QPF (WITH BOTH THE 00Z ECMWF AND 00Z GFS SHOWING LOCALLY
HIGHER AMOUNTS) OVER THE SHASTA AND TRINITY MOUNTAINS. GIVEN THE
WET CONDITIONS OVER THE REGION...A MARGINAL RISK WAS PLACED HERE
FOR DAY 3...AND IF THE DEEP MOISTURE SIGNAL REMAINS IN PLACE...A
SLIGHT RISK COULD BE NEEDED HERE IN SUBSEQUENT FORECASTS.

THE MOISTURE IS WRUNG OUT TO SOME DEGREE ACROSS THE NORTHERN CA
HIGHER TERRAIN...BUT THE UPSLOPE FLOW AND SYNOPTIC SCALE ASCENT
WILL FOCUS THE MOISTURE ACROSS THE NORTHERN AND CENTRAL SIERRA
NEVADA RANGE. AN AXIS OF 0.75 TO 1.50 NICHES OF QPF WAS PLACED ON
THIS AXIS.

LOCALLY HEAVY SNOWFALL IS EXPECTED ACROSS THE HIGHER TERRAIN OF
THE WESTERN UNITED STATES...ESPECIALLY DURING DAY 3 ACROSS CA.
PLEASE REFER TO THE LATEST SUITE OF WPC WINTER WEATHER PRODUCTS
FOR MORE INFORMATION.


...GULF COAST/SOUTHEAST...

A MID LEVEL LONG WAVE THROUGH HELPS FOCUS MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY
FROM THE GULF OF MEXICO AHEAD OF A COLD FRONT CROSSING THE GULF
COAST AND SOUTHEAST STATES DURING DAY 2...WHICH COULD RESULT IN
LOCALLY HEAVY RAINFALL. THERE WAS GENERALLY GOOD MODEL AGREEMENT
WITH THE OVERALL SYNOPTIC SETUP...SO THE WPC QPF WAS BASED
PRIMARILY ON A BLEND OF THE 00Z ECMWF/GFS.

SYNOPTIC SCALE ASCENT AHEAD OF THE MID LEVEL LONG WAVE TROUGH
CROSSING THE LOWER AND MID MS VALLEY EARLY ON DAY 2 SHOULD HELP
ORGANIZE DEVELOPING CONVECTION AHEAD OF A COLD FRONT MOVING ACROSS
THE REGION. AHEAD OF THE MID LEVEL SYSTEM AND SURFACE FRONT...
A LOW LEVEL SOUTHWEST FLOW TRANSPORTS 1.25/1.50 INCH PRECIPITABLE
WATER AIR ACROSS THE GULF COAST AND SOUTHEAST STATES...MAINLY IN
THE 18/12Z TO 19/00Z TIME FRAME. MODEL SOUNDINGS SHOWED MARGINAL
INSTABILITY AHEAD OF THE FRONT...WITH THE BEST INSTABILITY
PROFILES REMAINING OVER THE EASTERN GULF OF MEXICO.

DEVELOPING CONVECTION ACROSS THE EASTERN GULF OF MEXICO COMES
ASHORE OVER MUCH OF NORTHERN AND CENTRAL FL...AS WELL AS PORTIONS
OF SOUTHEAST AL INTO CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN GA. LOCAL 1.00 INCH QPF
AMOUNTS ARE EXPECTED ACROSS PORTIONS OF THE WESTERN FL
PANHANDLE...AS WELL AS JUST NORTH OF THE TAMPA/ST PETE AREA. FLASH
FLOOD VALUES HERE ARE FAIRLY HIGH...SO WHILE LOCALLY HEAVY
RAINFALL IS EXPECTED...THE THREAT FOR FLASH FLOODING ON DAY 2 IS
EXPECTED TO BE VERY LOW.


...SOUTHERN PLAINS...

A NEGATIVELY TILTED LONG WAVE TROUGH TRACKING ACROSS THE SOUTHWEST
STATES EARLY ON DAY 3 REACHES A POSITION STRETCHING FROM THE FRONT
RANGE OF THE ROCKIES TO FAR WEST TX BY THE END OF THE PERIOD.
AHEAD OF THE MID LEVEL SYSTEM...DEEPENING MOISTURE AND MODERATE TO
STRONG INSTABILITY WILL BECOME FOCUSED ACROSS EAST CENTRAL AND FAR
SOUTH TX...RESULTING IN HEAVY TO EXCESSIVE RAINFALL AMOUNTS. THE
00Z GFS APPEARED TO BE TOO FAST WITH THE MID LEVEL SYSTEM...AND
THE RESULTING CONVECTION ACROSS TX. THE 00Z ECMWF/NAM/UKMET WERE
CLOSER WITH THE TIMING OF THE MID LEVEL SYSTEM AND THE PLACEMENT
OF THE HIGHEST QPF...SO THE WPC QPF WAS BASED ON THIS MODEL BLEND.

AS A NEGATIVELY TILTED LONG WAVE TROUGH TRACKS FROM THE FOUR
CORNERS AREA TO THE FRONT RANGE OF THE ROCKIES DURING DAY 3...THE
MID LEVEL FLOW SLOWLY VEERS ACROSS THE SOUTHERN PLAINS. A SLOWING
COLD FRONT EXTENDING FROM THE NORTHERN AND CENTRAL PLAINS BECOMES
THE FOCUS FOR DEEPENING MOISTURE FROM THE WESTERN GULF OF MEXICO
(AS A 25 TO 35 KNOT LOW LEVEL SOUTHERLY FLOW TRANSPORTS 1.50/1.75
INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER...WHICH IS BETWEEN TWO AND THREE STANDARD
DEVIATIONS ABOVE THE MEAN) ACROSS FAR SOUTH TX INTO EAST CENTRAL
TX. THE MAIN FOCUS FOR THE DEEPER MOISTURE AND MODERATE TO LOCALLY
STRONG INSTABILITY IS CENTERED AROUND 20/00Z...WHEN BANDS OF
CONVECTION ARE EXPECTED ACROSS EAST CENTRAL TX.

WHILE THERE WAS GENERAL AGREEMENT WITH THE OVERALL SYNOPTIC SETUP
(THOUGH THE 00Z GFS WAS PROBABLY TOO FAST PUSHING THE MID LEVEL
SUPPORT EASTWARD...RESULTING IN AN EASTWARD PLACEMENT OF THE
HIGHEST QPF)...THERE WAS STILL SOME SPREAD IN THE PLACEMENT OF THE
HIGHEST QPF AXIS. FOR THE MOST PART...THE PLACEMENT OF THE WPC QPF
AXIS OF HIGHEST QPF WAS BASED MAINLY ON THE 00Z ECMWF...
CONTAINING 2.50 INCHES OF QPF. THE CORFIDI VECTORS DURING THE BEST
CONVECTION ARE EXPECTED TO BE BETTER ALIGNED WITH THE 850-300 MB
MEAN WIND...AND TRAINING IS POSSIBLE DURING THIS TIME (WITH
LOCALLY HIGHER QPF AMOUNTS WHERE TRAINING OCCURS)

THREE HOUR FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE VALUES NEAR THE WPC QPF MAXIMUM
ARE GENERALLY GREATER THAN 2.50 INCHES...WHICH COULD MITIGATE A
HIGHER FLASH FLOOD THREAT. SINCE THERE WAS SOME SPREAD ON THE
PLACEMENT OF THE HIGHEST QPF...A MARGINAL RISK WAS PLACED HERE FOR
DAY 3. IF THERE IS BETTER AGREEMENT ON THE PLACEMENT OF THE
HIGHEST QPF IN LATER FORECASTS...A SLIGHT RISK COULD BE NEEDED AT
SOME POINT FOR DAY 3.

GRAPHICS AVAILABLE ON THE WEB AT
WWW.WPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/QPF/QPF2.SHTML


SCHICHTEL/HAYES

24HR QP VT 18/12Z
 0.01 523181 523175 523172 521165 511155 509153 508148 503144
      492136 487132 481129 478127 476131 478136 482140 485145
      487148 486151 484156 481157 475155 469150 463149 456149
      453144 447128 447120 450113 452112 453108 453100 449096
      443096 434095 426086 424091 427096 428098 427101 425102
      421105 418108 414107 411100 410084 411076 415074 413069
      414064 406056 394058 391057 389058 384062 383065 379066
      372063 368062 367066 367070 366079 365088 364092 365095
      367095 371091 373090 377090 376096 381101 380106 377108
      374112 369116 362118 358117 356115 352110 344098 341094
      337091 335095 335100 334134 331141 327145 325148 322148
      313146 306147 301150 297156 297162 297165 314180 318183
      319190 321196 324202 328214 335218 340219 351225 358229
      362234 373242 384250 395251 406251 454243 460242 466242
      472245 476249 482252 488256 495265 498273 501278 504280
      506279 508274 506270 503264 500256 499252 500246 502243
      505241 504228 502220 499214 495211 488209 481209 474208
      463210 459210 457206 456203 456197 459189 463185 464182
      465176 466170 469167 478165 491168 494169 497172 502176
      505179 513182 515185 519183 523181
 0.01 492656 491651 489647 487644 484646 481654 479662 475669
      473672 473677 474684 476687 480687 484685 488679 491672
      492667 492661 492656
 0.01 505895 504875 501862 493853 491854 489856 489859 489868
      489874 488876 481887 480892 480897 479902 479908 480914
      480919 482922 486926 489928 488934 485949 483964 482972
      482982 483989 485992 491992 494986 495978 495970 495949
      498937 500930 500923 499920 500915 502911 505895
 0.01 486233 486225 484221 480220 475218 471218 466218 464218
      464221 465224 468230 469235 473231 475230 480230 483234
      486233
 0.01 463171 463169 464166 462163 461163 461161 460158 458160
      457162 456164 456167 457168 457170 458171 459173 460173
      461173 463171
 0.01 365894 365887 363880 359874 355870 350866 348860 347856
      346855 342858 340860 337858 331856 322851 311847 301844
      296846 292850 286862 282871 276881 270891 270900 270908
      266919 266926 265933 260944 254955 247963 246968 248972
      253974 261975 267977 273980 279981 284980 294975 303974
      306967 305962 302959 301954 308946 318939 326939 328943
      327945 324952 321957 317967 317973 319975 323976 331976
      334975 336973 340969 343963 347954 348947 348943 347940
      345933 348925 361910 364901 365894
 0.25 417237 417230 419224 417213 414210 411209 406203 399197
      394191 388185 386181 389177 390172 390167 390154 387147
      383147 380148 373151 365154 361153 359153 357156 354163
      351164 347163 343160 341156 338154 335155 333159 329158
      312152 306153 303155 303161 308166 310171 314174 320177
      324182 328191 330200 333208 335211 338213 346216 354221
      366230 374236 382241 384243 389244 397244 403244 410243
      417237
 0.25 407105 408103 408100 407100 407103 407105 407106 407105
 0.25 320883 321879 319875 315871 311868 304868 299870 293874
      285881 282885 280891 277904 274918 270929 270941 267954
      266960 268966 272970 276972 283972 287970 292966 294962
      299949 301944 301937 299931 300925 304914 307909 311904
      314892 320883
 0.50 417222 416218 414214 411214 407211 403205 396200 389194
      382188 377181 375173 376167 374163 366165 359167 353171
      350170 347166 340160 333162 326160 317156 309154 306157
      309162 312167 318173 325179 329187 330195 339210 354218
      369229 383238 388240 393241 397240 399239 400236 399232
      396229 389224 387222 388219 390219 394221 398224 404231
      406231 410230 414226 417222
 0.50 375209 374207 372205 371204 370204 370205 371206 372207
      373209 375209
 0.50 311884 311880 310879 305878 296879 288885 283891 279912
      275923 274935 275942 275949 272960 274965 277970 280970
      285968 288966 291962 294954 296949 297941 294937 293933
      297922 301914 308897 308892 309888 311884
 1.00 413221 412218 407215 401208 388198 381192 374184 369178
      365175 362174 355178 351179 348177 346169 343165 338164
      333164 328164 319160 314159 312160 312163 318168 325174
      329177 331181 335198 339206 343210 347212 355216 362221
      370226 380231 385230 383227 377223 370216 365208 360201
      353196 352193 354189 358189 359191 363193 369197 375202
      383208 392213 405224 410224 413221
 1.00 302897 301886 298884 293885 287891 285900 284910 281919
      279925 280931 281935 285933 290927 294920 297912 300901
      302897
 1.00 288954 289949 288947 286945 283943 281945 280949 280954
      279956 279960 280962 281964 285964 286962 287960 288956
      288954
 1.50 401216 399211 395208 388201 381195 373186 370183 365180
      361179 357180 353184 357187 365191 373199 381204 391209
      399216 401216
 1.50 366219 363212 359206 354201 351195 351185 347178 345171
      341166 333166 325164 318161 317164 319166 331175 336191
      341206 346210 353213 360217 363220 366219
 1.50 298901 298891 294887 291889 289893 289898 288907 285914
      282921 282926 285929 288926 290922 293916 295908 298901
 2.00 382202 380198 378194 376191 373188 370185 365182 361180
      358183 358185 360187 364189 369192 371195 375198 378200
      382202 382202
 2.00 363218 362213 359208 353201 350196 349190 348184 346180
      344169 341167 338167 334168 333176 336187 338192 339197
      341203 343206 353212 363218 363218
 2.00 296901 296899 296897 296895 296893 295892 293891 291893
      291895 291897 291899 291902 291903 292904 293904 294903
      295903 296901
 2.00 291916 291914 290912 290910 288911 287912 286914 286915
      285916 285918 284920 284923 284925 285926 286925 288922
      289920 290918 291916
 3.00 374193 373191 372190 371189 369188 369187 368186 366186
      364186 366187 367188 369188 369190 371191 372191 374193
      374193
 3.00 359212 358212 357209 357210 358212 359212
 3.00 351208 349200 348192 346184 344175 342168 340169 338174
      335175 336179 338186 341194 343202 345205 348207 351208
 4.00 346200 347194 346189 345185 344180 343175 342173 339177
      339183 341186 342190 343195 345200 346200
 5.00 345191 344189 344187 343189 345191 345192 345191
 5.00 343182 343180 343179 342177 342175 341175 341177 341178
      342179 341182 342184 343182

24HR QP VT 19/12Z
 0.01 485615 495623 498631 500635 501640 511684 515690 518697
      524715 525725 527730 528735 533758 542799 548814 553835
      554859 554887 554899 554911 552920 549930 542941 537947
      534949 531949 528949 525947 521949 519945 518941 518926
      519917 518908 518902 517896 514887 512883 509880 504883
      501885 497886 491884 483872 481869 479865 477857 476846
      478839 482831 484829 486827 485824 481809 476790 471771
      464755 459739 455730 452729 448730 443730 446724 439716
      458694 461685 462682 461675 460665 459654 459646 457637
      459624
 0.01 482337 479323 479315 484312 489310 492304 496294 498289
      501287 507287 509285 510281 506272 505269 507264 511271
      513275 516276 518273 520269 521258 525252 525245 524238
      522231 519224 516215 517202 521201 526197 528195 531194
      534193 536189 539183 540181 541174 542161 541140 538134
      536127 533122 529119 519107 512105 509111 509117 507122
      504130 500134 494134 488130 482127 475123 472120 470117
      467112 464113 462117 458117 458112 460108 458105 455098
      453095 450093 443091 437087 429086 424087 425094 420107
      421111 418112 414112 412111 412108 413100 416094 418087
      422082 425076 428066 428056 423053 412057 405060 400064
      388067 381068 379064 379060 347072 341067 333066 319061
      307057 303057 300059 292058 279059 270052 256048 248047
      239049 234052 232053 230056 227062 228069 229072 227075
      225077 223081 221084 222087 223095 227106 229111 227117
      228123 225130 220135 215141 208155 206160 207165 209172
      211174 215176 221178 226178 229177 251172 259170 262169
      267170 274169 278170 281172 294179 304185 315194 320199
      329202 337210 342213 349216 355218 363221 376231 373263
      374279 375286 379291 385296 389302
 0.01 447749 446746 444744 441745 437745 436744 434744 432747
      433752 433754 435756 437758 439756 440755 443752 445749
      447749
 0.01 400728 399723 397725 392731 385738 382742 382749 381761
      374754 364754 360753 357753 357750 359745 360741 361731
      361727 360720 357716 352713 348713 344715 338721 331728
      323733 317738 309743 293753 286757 278762 270767 263774
      257780 251784 234793 236796 237800 243807 252820 258827
      259830 258834 256838 251840 246838 242840 242847 241852
      241863 239873 235882 234891 234897 236900 238903 241906
      247906 252907 258909 260913 266911 273904 276902 280900
      289900 295904 299906 303905 308901 311905 321904 322902
      322899 322892 323886 325883 328879 330874 334876 337879
      341887 341893 343898 344904 347909 355913 358916 360920
      360927 362932 365930 368927 373909 375895 379887 382878
      385867 388842 395799 397794 395788 392777 394766 394761
      395754 396739 400728
 0.01 366802 363798 359797 355797 350795 346796 345799 343803
      343806 344809 348811 352813 357812 360810 364807 366802
 0.01 348785 347780 346774 343772 341777 339780 338784 335789
      333792 333794 335795 339793 342790 346787 348785
 0.01 346960 345952 345947 343945 336941 333941 332943 330945
      332948 333950 332952 328954 319954 316958 316961 319962
      326965 336965 343965 346960
 0.01 310983 310979 308977 301977 295978 290978 288976 281976
      275978 270982 271988 278990 282993 285995 287998 287008
      287017 292020 307017 307012 302006 300004 300999 303992
      308988 310983
 0.25 538858 536836 534824 532817 526801 520782 515766 514760
      514753 512741 511733 510723 508713 506704 500687 498683
      496679 494678 490679 487681 487685 486695 485704 485715
      487725 489734 495752 497761 498771 500780 501786 502793
      504801 507811 513826 517831 520840 524847 528852 533858
      538858
 0.25 492672 492671 490672 492672 492672
 0.25 492176 491170 488165 480156 477152 473148 469144 467143
      463143 459144 454141 450137 448131 450118 449113 448111
      445106 441106 436108 433113 430118 425129 422136 422145
      433166 437176 440182 442186 448187 453186 461181 469173
      473171 477172 481174 486175 492176
 0.25 475257 475252 473249 466242 452232 456225 455221 452218
      444217 440217 435218 429221 425222 422222 417216 415208
      411205 407204 398205 390206 390208 393213 399216 407222
      410224 411229 411233 416235 431233 440235 442236 441240
      440244 437245 433245 424241 416238 413241 413245 410254
      412257 414261 412264 412270 418277 424282 432286 449290
      457294 463294 465290 463269 463262 467261 472260 475257
 0.25 471223 472221 472219 471218 470217 468217 466218 465219
      464220 463221 463223 464224 465225 467225 468225 469225
      470224 471223
 0.25 396161 398156 397152 395145 385136 385131 386127 390123
      401111 401106 399103 394100 388096 390093 389088 376088
      372105 365107 359105 352102 350102 349098 345092 342086
      337081 332081 328082 325087 320091 314092 307089 296082
      282074 279069 275065 262057 256057 249059 242060 238062
      237067 236072 237076 239080 235084 235088 238091 235121
      237124 236128 233134 230140 229149 232156 237160 243159
      250157 261152 268149 274150 287156 294159 303162 306156
      306154 308152 314152 318154 323155 332157 335159 337157
      344161 349165 358174 363180 364184 367187 388173 392172
      394169 396161
 0.25 379850 379839 379834 377836 375844 375855 372862 368869
      365876 366881 368884 374880 377873 379864 378855 379850
 0.25 349734 347728 345727 343728 335738 328745 323749 316752
      312754 307758 298766 291772 283783 281806 276817 271828
      266837 258845 255849 252854 252861 252871 255883 258889
      262892 266892 271890 281883 286881 292880 297883 301887
      304886 304883 305876 307870 312865 320860 325849 329836
      331830 332824 334818 333815 329816 326822 324827 318830
      312832 307833 309822 308815 309808 314798 317794 322789
      329781 335772 346750 348742 349734
 0.50 462158 463155 461151 456152 451153 447149 443137 442132
      441129 439127 435130 432135 432141 433149 437158 440163
      443166 450175 454176 456169 461160 462158
 0.50 445270 444269 443268 441267 439267 438267 437267 436268
      434269 433270 432271 433272 435272 437272 438273 439273
      440272 442272 443272 444271 445270
 0.50 385157 385153 384151 381149 376146 371141 365140 359139
      356135 355129 352118 346107 342098 336089 334087 332088
      329091 321098 316099 312098 305096 300095 296092 294087
      291083 286079 278074 269066 261062 257061 251062 247064
      243066 242070 243072 247076 242084 242086 244088 249091
      253092 251097 246109 244113 243119 244125 247128 244139
      242146 246149 264144 277144 284146 289146 296140 302139
      306140 329150 338154 348159 358165 363167 370168 374167
      379164 382160 385157
 0.50 345734 342735 338738 333744 328751 322756 307765 300770
      293777 290784 289789 289795 294801 298804 301801 315791
      321785 327779 331772 336764 343748 345734
 0.50 330125 331123 330121 330120 329118 327116 325114 325113
      324112 322112 321112 320115 320117 320119 321121 321122
      322123 322125 323126 324127 326128 328128 329127 330126
      330125
 0.50 311852 309849 305848 300847 299842 300832 299825 296822
      296813 295809 291811 283814 281823 280829 279834 273840
      269846 260850 258852 256858 258864 261867 264869 266872
      270875 274876 279876 283875 287873 292871 297870 300868
      306861 311852
 1.00 371156 370151 367148 362147 358148 352141 347136 343133
      340135 332137 331141 335144 342149 350153 355155 359157
      362159 366160 371156
 1.00 348125 349122 349120 347115 346111 343107 339104 335106
      333110 335114 336118 337124 339127 342130 346129 348125
 1.00 328768 328764 325764 320767 316770 311773 306777 301781
      302786 307786 312786 317785 321781 324777 327770 328768
 1.00 318134 317131 315130 312128 309127 306127 304127 300127
      297127 295130 298133 300133 303134 307135 310135 312135
      316134 318134
 1.00 306112 306106 302101 296100 289100 288102 284103 279103
      277104 277108 280113 283116 290119 294119 296117 301116
      305114 306112
 1.00 285137 285134 281132 280131 277129 274128 273126 269125
      269128 270130 272132 274134 277135 279137 282137 285137
 1.00 291847 290843 288841 285842 281846 276851 274855 273861
      275867 281867 285864 289860 291854 291847
 1.00 269099 268099 267098 266099 268100 269099
 1.00 266082 266080 266078 265078 263077 261077 259077 258076
      256076 254077 252079 251081 250083 251084 253085 254085
      255086 257086 258086 260086 261086 262085 264084 266082
 1.00 263070 262068 262067 260066 260065 258064 257064 255064
      253065 252065 251065 249066 248066 247068 249070 249071
      251072 252072 254072 256072 258072 260072 262071 263070
 1.50 344125 345123 345120 345118 345116 344114 344113 343111
      342111 340110 339110 338111 338113 338115 338117 339119
      339121 340122 341124 342124 343125 344125 344125
 1.50 284854 284852 283851 282851 280851 278852 278853 277855
      276855 276857 276859 277861 279861 280861 281860 282860
      282858 283856 284855 284854
 1.50 259080 257079 255079 255081 257081 259080 259080
 1.50 256067 255066 253067 252067 252069 253069 254068 256067

24HR QP VT 20/12Z
 0.01 564057 565043 565027 565020 563016 559010 552006 550003
      547998 541981 536973 533973 529976 525981 523983 521981
      520975 519971 518965 515954 512947 510955 509960 508965
      507970 507978 508983 508990 508996 507001 503009 503024
      500035 500039 498041 494041 488045 485053 484059 486064
      489071 492074 495075 505077 512081 518086 523091 528100
      531107 533112 537113 544114 550110 552106 554101 557092
      564057
 0.01 535198 536192 535186 534179 533176 523160 519158 516153
      510144 506142 501142 494135 489129 487128 485126 481125
      474128 471125 469121 473112 471106 468104 459098 452092
      447090 449087 452088 455086 457086 458084 457073 459069
      455069 452068 449066 445067 443067 437066 433068 432073
      436076 440084 445086 443088 441088 438085 433084 429082
      427082 425083 422084 421080 421077 422073 424068 430059
      434049 438048 443048 446046 448042 450037 452034 468029
      476026 483019 485015 485007 485990 482982 477974 469967
      463964 458963 455961 450954 447947 445944 442940 438937
      432935 429933 423933 414933 409935 405935 382936 371935
      364935 359933 339930 329929 325928 320928 317929 311929
      301928 290928 285929 281930 253946 250947 247952 244955
      244961 243966 244972 246983 247987 245990 242993 242996
      246999 251998 255000 259002 265007 270011 271015 272020
      272025 272030 275032 278034 283035 295036 302032 308028
      311028 315031 324038 326043 325049 317044 311041 306040
      303043 298044 294045 286046 276050 273053 274056 277059
      279059 282058 284060 282065 280067 275068 268064 259060
      252057 243052 239050 234047 227049 226053 228057 233061
      240068 244074 247082 245092 246097 248101 263112 270116
      281118 291119 299123 316133 319136 324136 333139 343142
      349147 355152 362158 364159 367155 371154 376155 382156
      388155 397152 398159 401160 404161 406163 402167 396166
      387163 381169 380174 379178 377179 373176 367176 357178
      350182 346181 345176 345171 342167 336163 330161 326158
      318153 300145 291144 290148 293153 295155 300158 305162
      324169 334174 338178 339181 336182 324192 327201 328209
      328214 329219 330222 329224 327229 326236 326243 325250
      326255 331263 337269 350278 352279 353280 355281 355282
      357282 358283 360284 362284 363285
 0.01 363285 368290 374295 381297 387295 393293 399291 404303
      406306 409308 418310 424310 433313 464325 477325 487316
      490311 495307 501304 505298 509292 512285 519268 522260
      523254 524250 525240 523236 521234 519235 517231 516229
      512226 506213 506208 508206 514204 522207 526207 529208
      531208 534205 535198
 0.01 507745 504731 502715 500707 499698 496692 495683 494676
      492671 490667 486663 476660 473655 469655 465654 459655
      457657 456663 457671 458676 456679 454679 452682 452685
      452688 451694 448698 439705 437716 432728 428730 427731
      427735 429736 432735 435737 432748 434754 439756 444754
      447751 452740 452733 454729 462721 464717 467715 469717
      471720 470725 469731 465741 460751 459757 461762 462770
      465777 472803 476813 480817 482822 485826 489826 493821
      495817 498805 500798 500790 502777 504770 506766 507745
 0.01 411015 411008 409003 404001 399002 398007 397014 397021
      395025 397027 400028 404026 406024 407021 409017 411015
 0.01 366680 365675 362672 357671 352675 334687 327694 322697
      319701 304715 286728 279736 276739 270741 260745 257749
      255754 254759 250762 243764 237765 232767 230770 231777
      233783 238792 245799 248803 253803 256803 258804 262809
      265814 264819 265825 269827 276822 284815 299801 330774
      336766 343757 348748 351744 352737 355727 358715 365694
      366680
 0.01 384031 382029 380029 379029 377029 375030 375031 373032
      373033 371035 373037 375037 376038 378037 380035 382033
      384031
 0.25 512260 513255 513250 510242 503227 499220 492215 481208
      466203 458202 455201 452199 451195 452189 454179 457171
      454166 450165 448167 444174 439179 435185 431195 429197
      426197 421195 414196 408198 402198 394196 387191 372186
      363183 357185 356187 358190 361196 364202 360202 355200
      342197 338198 337202 338210 344223 346230 345241 345258
      348266 354270 367277 374281 381281 384278 386275 389266
      390264 393263 399260 402258 406258 410260 413263 416266
      417275 415294 416297 420298 425292 429286 432280 436272
      440264 446260 448258 453258 460261 467265 475276 481281
      488286 492288 496288 502288 504287 506284 507279 507274
      506269 508266 512260
 0.25 450112 447106 440103 434102 430104 428108 425115 422117
      419117 413113 410110 410105 410100 407100 405104 402106
      395108 393110 392113 396119 402123 406124 411125 416122
      422124 428120 441117 445118 448116 450112
 0.25 399071 399067 397064 393063 391064 383065 377064 371062
      366057 360059 357062 357064 366072 369078 368088 370096
      374102 377107 380110 383108 384104 382100 379094 380090
      382088 387084 391079 395076 399071
 0.25 379981 377974 372969 363958 365951 364947 362943 355941
      348941 335943 326944 319943 311941 304940 295941 288943
      278950 273955 269960 264973 262981 261986 262990 266995
      272998 284005 296010 303011 311010 326008 342007 348005
      354002 360999 366994 379981
 0.25 351709 350706 348706 343709 333715 327714 320717 310721
      300726 296729 295733 292738 287740 278745 272752 270758
      272762 276772 279777 283780 287782 292779 298772 306765
      314760 324755 332749 338740 343733 347723 349717 350711
      351709
 0.25 344125 345120 345116 343111 341106 340098 338096 335097
      332103 328105 327109 327112 329114 333114 338118 341124
      344125
 0.25 292100 289092 284086 277081 274078 270076 261076 259080
      260084 259095 261098 266101 273104 279107 284107 289106
      292102 292100
 0.50 502262 503254 501248 497242 493241 489240 486240 483242
      482239 479233 476231 474232 472234 470233 467228 467218
      466215 462213 452218 450218 446217 440219 432224 431228
      428230 424228 421226 419218 418212 416210 413208 410207
      386196 374190 367188 367191 368193 375202 376205 375209
      373211 371211 368208 364208 361208 357206 352204 345202
      343202 342206 345210 351222 356227 361231 364234 365241
      364245 362247 359251 356260 358266 370270 377270 381266
      384260 388257 393254 399253 403250 409248 418255 423260
      425264 431263 436260 445254 454250 464246 470246 472246
      474249 489268 493272 496274 499274 502262
 0.50 381078 382074 381072 380069 376067 375066 371065 371067
      372071 372073 373077 375080 377081 379080 381078
 0.50 361980 354972 349963 346958 342955 339950 334948 320949
      315947 310948 304948 298950 288954 284956 279960 277972
      272983 270985 271989 275991 281993 287994 290998 295001
      298004 303007 309007 315005 335999 341998 347996 351993
      354989 361980
 0.50 336732 336724 333722 330722 319723 315725 311730 306737
      303742 299745 296745 293746 293752 295758 299760 305759
      309757 319752 328746 334739 336732
 0.50 337108 336106 335105 335106 334106 332107 331107 330109
      331112 333112 335112 337110 337108 337108
 0.50 310000 311998 309998 308998 306998 304999 302999 301000
      302001 303002 304003 306004 307004 309002 309001 310000
 1.00 448244 451240 448237 442237 437239 431241 426241 424241
      423245 427249 427253 431254 435251 440249 444247 448244
 1.00 414229 417220 416215 414214 407212 402209 390203 388203
      388208 389214 387219 382220 377223 374230 375237 374246
      375251 380250 384246 389244 400244 405240 408234 414229
 1.00 349985 345982 337978 338971 330967 326954 322953 318954
      310957 302960 296963 289968 286970 288971 294977 294982
      295985 299987 303987 310984 318982 326980 331981 334984
      336987 339989 345988 349985
 1.00 326736 326732 322730 319732 317734 316736 314738 313741
      311743 310746 310749 314748 316746 319744 320743 322741
      324738 326736
 1.50 412223 411219 410218 407216 404214 402213 398211 397210
      395212 396215 398217 400220 400223 401226 405227 408227
      410225 412223
 1.50 399229 398226 393224 387223 384223 381227 379233 380238
      384239 388238 392238 396236 399232 399229
 1.50 322960 320958 318958 313960 308962 303965 299968 298973
      299977 302981 307981 312979 314977 315973 317967 321962
      322960
 2.00 394230 393228 392227 391226 389225 387225 385225 385226
      383227 383228 382230 382231 383232 384234 386234 387234
      388234 389233 391233 393232 393231 394230
 2.00 317962 316962 314962 313962 312963 310963 308964 307964
      307965 306966 305968 305971 304973 305974 306974 307973
      308971 310969 312967 312966 314966 315964 316964 317962

$$





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