Quantitative Precipitation Forecast
Issued by NWS

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000
FXUS04 KWBC 040843
QPFPFD

QUANTITATIVE PRECIPITATION FORECAST DISCUSSION
NWS WEATHER PREDICTION CENTER COLLEGE PARK MD
443 AM EDT FRI SEP 04 2015


PRELIM DAY 1...DAY 2 AND DAY 3 QPF DISCUSSION
VALID SEP 04/1200 UTC THRU SEP 07/1200 UTC
REFERENCE AWIPS GRAPHICS UNDER...PRECIP ACCUM - 24HR

DAY 1...


...NORTHERN ROCKIES AND NORTHERN PLAINS....

THE UPPER AIR PATTERN WILL CONTINUE TO AMPLIFY WHILE SHOWING
LITTLE DOWNSTREAM PROGRESSION THROUGH FRIDAY NIGHT. THE TROUGH
ALONG THE WEST COST DIGS TO 3 STANDARD DEVIATIONS BELOW
CLIMATOLOGICAL 500 MB HEIGHTS...WITH GRADUAL GRADIENTS AND A
GENTLY SLOPING FRONTAL ZONE EXTENDING EAST TOWARD RIDGING IN THE
MIDWEST. LIGHT TO MODERATE PRECIPITATION WILL BE ORGANIZED ALONG A
MID-LEVEL FRONTAL ZONE IN THE NORTHERN ROCKIES...ESPECIALLY IDAHO
/ MONTANA...WITH UPPER FLOW BECOMING INCREASINGLY DIFLUENT BY THIS
AFTERNOON AS THE UPPER LOW DIGS INTO OREGON. THE LEADING FRONT AT
THE SURFACE WILL PUSH OUT INTO THE DAKOTAS...WHILE THE LARGE SCALE
FLOW CONTINUES TO STEER THE LOW-AMPLITUDE SHORTWAVE OUT OF THE
CENTRAL HIGH PLAINS AND INTO THE NORTHERN PLAINS TODAY. THIS
SHORTWAVE WILL ENCOUNTER GREATER MOISTURE AND DEEP-LAYER
INSTABILITY (MUCAPES AT LEAST 2500-3000 J/KG) POOLED ALONG THE
SURFACE FRONT IN ND/MN LATER THIS AFTERNOON INTO TONIGHT...WITH A
LIKELY ORGANIZED THUNDERSTORM EVENT ENSUING. PWS PEAKING BETWEEN
1.75-2.00 INCHES PER THE MODEL CONSENSUS WILL BE 3+ STANDARD
DEVIATIONS ABOVE NORMAL FOR THE FAR NORTHERN PLAINS AND UPPER MS
VALLEY...AND MAY APPROACH THE DAILY MAX FOR INTERNATIONAL FALLS
(1.94"). LITTLE CHANGE WAS MADE TO THE PRIOR WPC QPF FROM 12Z FRI
- 12Z SAT...OUTSIDE OF PULLING THE 1+ INCH AREA A TAD FARTHER
SOUTH ACROSS NORTHWEST MN. DEPENDING ON THE MODEL TRENDS
(ESPECIALLY WITH THE CAM GUIDANCE)...WOULD NOT BE SURPRISED TO SEE
ADDITIONAL SOUTHWARD ADJUSTMENT OF THE HEAVIER RAINFALL
AXIS...TOWARD THE GREATER INSTABILITY AND NOSE OF THE LOW LEVEL
JET. HOWEVER...AT THIS POINT WOULD NOT EXPECT A SIGNIFICANT
SOUTHWARD SHIFT GIVEN THE MORE CAPPED ENVIRONMENT SOUTH OF THE
SURFACE FRONT.


...SOUTHWEST U.S...

THE MONSOON CONTINUES...WITH PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES STILL
RUNNING A BIT ABOVE AVERAGE (1-2 STANDARD DEVIATIONS PER THE
ENSEMBLES)... INCLUDING A SUBTROPICAL CONNECTION TO HIGH ALTITUDE
MOISTURE STREAMING NORTH FROM TROPICAL STORM KEVIN AS PER THE
700-500 AND 500-300 CIRA LAYER PW LOOPS. THE SIGNAL FOR HEAVY
RAINFALL IS NOT AS EVIDENT BY BOTH THE GLOBAL AND CAM GUIDANCE AS
COMPARED TO YESTERDAY...THOUGH ONCE AGAIN REMAINS TIED TO THE
TOPOGRAPHY IN SOUTHEAST AZ INTO WESTERN NM AND
SOUTH-CENTRAL-CENTRAL CO. AS WAS NOTED IN THE PREVIOUS
DISCUSSION...A LIMITING FACTOR FOR WIDESPREAD HEAVY RAIN WILL BE
WEAK WINDS BELOW 600 MB...SO STORMS MAY BECOME OUTFLOW DOMINANT
RATHER QUICKLY. ISOLATED FLASH FLOODING WILL NEVERTHELESS BE
POSSIBLE...THOUGH CONSISTENT WITH THE PREVIOUS WPC QPF
AREAL-AVERAGE AMOUNTS ON A 5 KM SCALE WILL GENERALLY RANGE BETWEEN
.50-.75 INCH ALONG THE S/SW FACING SLOPES IN SOUTHEAST
AZ...WESTERN NM...AND SOUTH-CENTRAL CO.

DAYS 2/3...


...NORTHERN ROCKIES/NORTHERN PLAINS/UPPER MS VALLEY/MIDWEST...

DEEP MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY INTERACTS WITH A STRONG SHORT WAVE
CLOSING OFF OVER THE NORTHERN PLAINS DURING DAYS 2 AND 3. THE
COMBINATION OF MOISTURE...LIFT AND INSTABILITY COULD RESULT IN
HEAVY TO EXCESSIVE RAINFALL ACROSS THE NORTHERN PLAINS AND UPPER
MS VALLEY DURING DAY 2...AND ACROSS PORTIONS OF THE MIDWEST AND
UPPER GREAT LAKES DURING DAY 3. FOR THE MOST PART...THERE WAS GOOD
MODEL AGREEMENT WITH THE EVOLUTION OF THE MID LEVELS...THOUGH THE
00Z NAM IS SLOWER DURING DAY 2. BECAUSE OF THIS...THE WPC QPF WAS
BASED ON A BLEND OF THE 00Z ECMWF/GFS.

DAY 2...
AN INITIAL SHORT WAVE TRACKING ACROSS THE CENTRAL AND NORTHERN
PLAINS AIDS IN CYCLOGENESIS ON A LOW LEVEL FRONTAL BOUNDARY OVER
SD...WHICH MOVES INTO SOUTHEAST ND LATE IN THE PERIOD. A
DEVELOPING 30 TO 40 KNOT LOW LEVEL RIDES UP AND OVER A FRONTAL
BOUNDARY ACROSS EASTERN ND AND CENTRAL AND NORTHERN MN.
PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES BETWEEN 1.75 AND 2.00 INCHES (WHICH IS
BETWEEN TWO AND THREE STANDARD DEVIATIONS ABOVE THE MEAN) ARRIVE
ON THE NOSE OF THE LOW LEVEL JET...AND MODEL SOUNDINGS SHOWED
MODERATE TO STRONG INSTABILITY. THE RESULTANT CONVECTION IS
EXPECTED TO PRODUCE A LARGE AREA OF 1.25 TO 1.75 INCHES OF QPF
STRETCHING FROM FAR EASTERN ND AND INTO CENTRAL AND NORTHERN MN.

WHILE THREE HOUR FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE VALUES GENERALLY RANGE
BETWEEN 2.50 AND 3.50 INCHES...HEAVY RAINFALL FROM DAY 1 COULD
LOWER THESE NUMBERS. THE HIGH MOISTURE CONTENT OF THE AIR SHOULD
RESULT IN HIGH RAINFALL RATES...SUGGESTING LOCAL RAINFALL AMOUNTS
ABOVE THE WPC BASIN AVERAGED QPF. DUE TO THE ABOVE...A SLIGHT RISK
AREA WAS PLACED OVER EASTERN ND...FAR NORTHEAST SD...AND MUCH OF
CENTRAL AND NORTHERN MN.

FURTHER WEST...AN APPROACHING STRONG SHORT WAVE PROVIDES A LARGE
AREA OF SYNOPTIC SCALE LIFT OVER MUCH OF CENTRAL AND EASTERN MT
INTO NORTHWEST ND. A STRENGTHENING LOW LEVEL INFLOW INFUSES 1.25
INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES INTO THE LOW AND MID LEVEL
FLOW...AND THERE IS A MULTI MODEL SIGNAL FOR A TROWAL FEATURE TO
FORM OVER THE ABOVEMENTIONED AREAS. MODEL SOUNDINGS SHOWED
MARGINAL INSTABILITY LIFTED ABOVE THE SURFACE ACROSS EASTERN
MT...SUGGESTING ELEVATED INSTABILITY WILL BE AVAILABLE FOR HEAVY
RAIN PRODUCTION.

THE COMBINATION OF SYNOPTIC SCALE LIFT...HIGH MOISTURE CONTENT AIR
(WITH PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES BETWEEN TWO AND THREE STANDARD
DEVIATIONS ABOVE THE MEAN OVER EASTERN MT)...ELEVATED INSTABILITY
AND SYNOPTIC SCALE LIFT IN THE TROWAL ZONE IS EXPECTED TO PRODUCE
A LARGE AREA OF 1.25 TO 1.75 INCHES OF QPF STRETCHED FROM WEST
CENTRAL MT ACROSS NORTHEAST MT INTO NORTHWEST ND. THREE HOUR FLASH
FLOOD GUIDANCE VALUES ARE AS LOW AS 1.00 TO 1.50 INCHES ACROSS
NORTHERN MT...SO THE WPC QPF INDICATES THE POTENTIAL FOR FLOODING.
THE PRESENCE OF ELEVATED INSTABILITY SUPPORTS THE IDEA OF
CONVECTION...INCREASING THE POTENTIAL FOR FLASH FLOODING. DUE TO
THESE REASONS...A SLIGHT RISK AREA WAS EXTENDED FROM WEST CENTRAL
MT THROUGH NORTHEAST MT INTO NORTHWEST ND.


DAY 3...
THE SURFACE LOW DEEPENS AS IT TRACKS INTO CENTRAL CANADA...AND THE
CLOSED MID LEVEL SYSTEM TAKES MUCH OF THE SYNOPTIC SCALE LIFT INTO
ALBERTA/MANITOBA. THE MAIN FOCUS FOR QPF WILL BE ALONG THE
TRAILING COLD FRONT THAT CROSSES THE UPPER MS VALLEY...UPPER GREAT
LAKES AND MIDWEST DURING DAY 3. AHEAD OF THE FRONT...A 30 TO 40
KNOT LOW LEVEL SOUTH SOUTHWEST FLOW FUNNELS 1.75 TO 2.00 INCH
PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES INTO IA/EASTERN MN AND WESTERN WI. MODEL
SOUNDINGS SHOWED MODERATE TO STRONG INSTABILITY ON THE NOSE OF THE
LOW LEVEL JET... CENTERED ON 07/00Z. THE BEST CONVECTIVE OCCURS
BETWEEN 06/21Z AND 07/06Z AHEAD OF THE FRONT...WHICH IS EXPECTED
TO PRODUCE A SWATH OF 1.00 TO 1.50 INCHES OF QPF.

THE HIGH MOISTURE CONTENT AIR (WITH PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES
BETWEEN TWO AND THREE STANDARD DEVIATIONS ABOVE THE MEAN) SUGGESTS
THE POTENTIAL FOR HIGH RAINFALL RATES...AND HIGHER QPF AMOUNTS
ALONG THE FRONT. MUCH OF THE 00Z GUIDANCE SHOWED MAXIMUM QPF
AMOUNTS NEAR 2.50 INCHES...MAINLY ACROSS IA. WHILE THE THREE HOUR
FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE VALUES GENERALLY RANGE BETWEEN 2.50 AND 3.50
INCHES...THE HIGH RAINFALL RATE POTENTIAL SUGGESTS A FLASH FLOOD
THREAT. WITH THIS IN MIND...A SLIGHT RISK AREA WAS PLACED OVER
MUCH OF CENTRAL IA INTO SOUTHEAST MN AND A PORTION OF WESTERN WI.


...MID ATLANTIC/SOUTHEAST/GULF COAST...

A WEAK FRONTAL BOUNDARY EXTENDING FROM A WEAK LOW OFF THE MID
ATLANTIC COAST FOCUSES MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY FOR CONVECTION
FROM NC ACROSS FL INTO THE GULF COAST STATES ON DAYS 2 AND 3.
THERE WAS GENERALLY GOOD MODEL AGREEMENT WITH RESPECT TO THE
FRONTAL TIMING...SO THE QPF WAS BASED ON A BLEND OF THE 00Z
ECMWF/GFS.

DAY 2...
THE WEAK SURFACE LOW TRACKS OFF THE MID ATLANTIC COAST DURING DAY
2. A TRAILING FRONT SLOWS AS IT CROSSES NORTHERN FL INTO THE
EASTERN AND CENTRAL GULF COAST. AHEAD OF THE FRONT...A LOW LEVEL
EASTERLY FLOW TRANSPORTS PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES OF 1.75 TO 2.00
INCHES ACROSS THE REGION.  MODEL SOUNDINGS ACROSS MUCH OF NORTHERN
AND CENTRAL FL AND SOUTHEAST GA SHOWED MODERATE
INSTABILITY...PEAKING AROUND 06/00Z. THE RESULTANT CONVECTION
SHOULD PRODUCE A LARGE AREA OF 0.25 TO 0.50 INCHES OF QPF ACROSS
SOUTHEAST AL...SOUTHERN GA AND NORTHERN AND CENTRAL FL AHEAD OF
THE FRONT. LARGE SCALE MID LEVEL RIDGING SHOULD PRECLUDE SYNOPTIC
SCALE LIFT FOR ADDITIONAL DEEP CONVECTION...SO WHILE LOCALLY HEAVY
RAINFALL IS POSSIBLE...ORGANIZED FLASH FLOODING IS NOT EXPECTED.

DAY 3...
THE FRONTAL BOUNDARY WEAKENS AS IT CROSSES MUCH OF CENTRAL FL
DURING DAY 3. THE MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY PROFILES ARE SIMILAR TO
THOSE OF DAY 2...DISPLACED FURTHER SOUTH WITH THE FRONT. THE MAIN
FOCUS FOR CONVECTION IS EXPECTED TO BE THE GULF COAST FROM
SOUTHEAST LA ACROSS MUCH MUCH OF FL. IN THESE AREAS...0.10 TO 0.25
INCHES OF QPF ARE EXPECTED...WITH LOCAL 0.50 INCH AMOUNTS
POSSIBLE. FURTHER NORTHEAST...LOW LEVEL CONVERGENCE ALONG THE
FRONT AND WEAKENING SURFACE WAVE SHOULD FOCUS MOISTURE AND
INSTABILITY FOR CONVECTION ALONG THE NC/SC COASTS. A LARGE AREA OF
0.25 TO 0.50 INCHES OF QPF WAS PLACED IN THESE AREAS.


...CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN ROCKIES/SOUTHWEST...

A MONSOONAL FLOW REMAINS IN PLACE ACROSS THE CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN
ROCKIES INTO THE SOUTHWEST STATES DURING DAY 2. THE FLOW BECOMES
DISPLACED DURING DAY 3...WITH THE MAIN THRUST OF MOISTURE SHUNTED
TO THE WEST ACROSS SOUTHWEST AZ/SOUTHEAST CA. FOR THE MOST
PART...THERE WAS GOOD AGREEMENT AMONG THE 00Z MODELS CONCERNING
THE OVERALL SYNOPTIC SETUP...SO THE WPC QPF WAS BASED ON A BLEND
OF THE 00Z ECMWF/GFS. THE 00Z NAM WAS USED TO BETTER DELINEATE
HIGHER TERRAIN QPF...DUE TO ITS HIGHER RESOLUTION.

DAY 2...
MONSOONAL MOISTURE (AUGMENTED BY KEVIN...AS SEEN ON THE LATEST
HIGH AND MID LEVEL LAYERED PRECIPITABLE WATER IMAGES) CONTINUES
ACROSS THE CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN ROCKIES AND THE SOUTHWEST DURING
DAY 2. WEAK SHORT WAVES RIDING THROUGH THE MID LEVEL WEST
SOUTHWEST FLOW PROVIDE LOCAL LIFT FOR SMALL CONVECTIVE COMPLEXES
OVER THE HIGHER TERRAIN OF SOUTH CENTRAL NM AND THE SAN JUAN
MOUNTAINS IN CO. INSTABILITY IS MARGINAL...FUELED BY STEEPENING
MID LEVEL LAPSE RATES...AND DEVELOPING CONVECTION SHOULD TAKE
ADVANTAGE OF THE AVAILABLE MOISTURE (IN THE FORM OF PRECIPITABLE
WATER VALUES BETWEEN 0.75 AND 1.00 INCHES). LOCAL CONVECTIVE
CLUSTERS SHOULD PRODUCE 0.10 TO 0.25 INCHES OF QPF IN THE
ABOVEMENTIONED LOCATIONS...WITH LOCAL 0.35 INCH AMOUNTS POSSIBLE
OVER THE SAN JUAN RANGE. LOCALLY HIGHER AMOUNTS ARE POSSIBLE DUE
TO THE MONSOONAL MOISTURE INFLUX...BUT AT THIS TIME...NO ORGANIZED
FLASH FLOODING IS EXPECTED.

DAY 3...
THE MONSOONAL FLOW BECOMES DISPLACED TO THE WEST ACROSS SOUTHWEST
AZ AND SOUTHEAST CA DURING DAY 3. THE MONSOONAL CONTRIBUTION
BECOMES LIMITED ACROSS NM DURING THIS TIME...SO CONVECTION SHOULD
BE WIDELY SCATTERED DURING THIS TIME. BECAUSE OF THIS...QPF WAS
LIMITED TO 0.10 INCHES OR LESS ACROSS SOUTHEAST AZ AND SOUTHERN NM.


...PACIFIC NORTHWEST...

SHORT WAVES CONTINUE TO CROSS THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST DURING DAYS 2
AND 3. THE SHORT WAVES INTERACT WITH MOISTURE AND MARGINAL
INSTABILITY TO PRODUCE QPF...MAINLY DURING DAY 3. THERE WAS DECENT
MODEL AGREEMENT WITH RESPECT TO THE TIMING OF THE SHORT WAVES...SO
THE WPC QPF WAS BASED ON A BLEND OF THE 00Z ECMWF/GFS. THE 00Z NAM
WAS USED TO BETTER DELINEATE HIGHER TERRAIN QPF...DUE TO ITS
HIGHER RESOLUTION.

DAY 2...
THE FIRST SHORT WAVE IN THE WAKE OF THE LONG WAVE TROUGH CROSSING
THE NORTHERN ROCKIES ENTERS THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST COAST BETWEEN
06/06Z AND 06/12Z. AHEAD OF THE SHORT WAVE...A 15 TO 20 KNOT LOW
LEVEL WESTERLY FLOW TRANSPORTS PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES NEAR AN
INCH TO THE WA COAST. THE COLUMN AHEAD OF THE SHORT WAVE IS
STABLE...SO THE COMBINATION OF SYNOPTIC SCALE LIFT ASSOCIATED WITH
THE SHORT WAVE AND UPSLOPE FLOW SHOULD FOCUS MOISTURE ON THE
OLYMPIC RANGE IN WA...WHERE 0.10 TO 0.25 INCHES OF QPF WAS PLACED.

DAY 3...
MOISTURE (IN THE FORM OF PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES BETWEEN 0.75
AND 1.00 INCHES) AHEAD OF THE SHORT WAVE REACHES THE REMAINDER OF
THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST DURING DAY 3. THE LOW LEVEL WEST NORTHWEST
FLOW FOCUSES THE MOISTURE ON THE HIGHER TERRAIN. MID LEVEL HEIGHTS
LOWER WITH THE APPROACH OF THE SHORT WAVES...STEEPENING LAPSE
RATES AND RESULTING IN MARGINAL INSTABILITY ACROSS THE NORTHERN WA
CASCADES. STRIPES OF 0.10 TO 0.25 INCHES OF QPF WERE PLACED OVER
THE OLYMPICS AND CASCADES OF WA...WITH LOCAL 0.50 INCH AMOUNTS
EXPECTED IN NORTHWEST WA.


HURLEY/HAYES


GRAPHICS AVAILABLE ON THE WEB AT WWW.WPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV



24HR QP VT 05/12Z
 0.01 222078 225083 231085 239087 245090 250092 255096 264102
      268106 274110 278114 286117 292117 298116 309114 314116
      320115 326112 330114 332117 338126 344136 346138 348139
      352133 351123 354120 354116 353113 353108 355104 359101
      370100 378100 381100 383097 387094 392091 399083 408073
      418065 418057 415052 415043 414040 414036 407026 404026
      401028 398034 389040 378044 374043 370041 365041 360045
      355049 350052 343052 337053 330053 327057 321060 319062
      315062 307063 301062 295060 289060 284063 271062 267061
      264059 259055 250050 238047 225052
 0.01 558927 558918 558908 556903 556895 554889 551884 547873
      544869 542871 538872 533875 525880 516884 485902 478906
      470907 466909 461910 455907 446901 441897 437893 434890
      430887 427882 421872 419864 419855 421842 427841 432843
      435845 438848 442855 456860 459862 462859 465849 464836
      460829 457825 453822 446818 442816 437815 428812 424810
      420809 420805 420799 421796 420794 418788 417781 419769
      425753 423751 419750 416749 415743 413738 412737 405743
      391756 387758 381760 370762 358765 352766 348769 340776
      334785 323801 317805 312807 310809 306809 303807 300806
      302805 305802 305799 302796 299796 290798 286797 285795
      288794 291788 296779 301772 308765 312756 313752 312745
      307737 303734 297734 292738 289742 285749 282756 279767
      278775 278784 276787 273785 270783 269787 267791 262792
      258794 254798 252801 251806 250810 253814 256818 260820
      268826 268835 274847 276850 276855 277869 277882 273890
      269896 265902 262911 260915 260919 264923 270925 275925
      286925 292926 293932 294939 291944 286954 284958 281962
      277965 272966 260968 255970 253974 254978 257981 266980
      275981 279981 284979 291977 303969 306966 308961 311952
      312940 313932 314927 316921 315913 312901 308890 306886
      307882 307875 306871 303862 304859 307859 306854 308845
      313838 320833 324830 329830 331831 334832 333835 334839
      336840 336843 334845 334852 336856 341857 346855 349851
      355843 359839 362837 366837 369836 371838 375841 381846
      387850 390855 391859 395861 399860 402860 404865 401868
      403873 404877 407881 412887 416891 422900 429905 438911
      445916 447916 448919 447928 447933 444938 426949 424961
      423967 426971 426975 424978 421982 420986 419989 420993
      420996 422999 424002 429009 435016 442021 445024 449025
 0.01 449025 457030 462033 459039 457042 457049 457067 459078
      460083 460086 459089 457091 455093 453093 448094 443094
      439135 435145 432153 435157 437161 440166 439170 432169
      427169 424173 413194 408201 402209 401214 402218 404222
      407225 412235 420240 426242 430241 434233 441231 451230
      465226 474222 478221 483222 485221 488221 494223 496223
      498219 499214 498208 495204 486202 481206 477208 473208
      464210 460211 456208 455206 456202 459198 468192 482184
      487178 490175 494174 502172 505175 508180 511184 513189
      517194 520196 523194 525190 533186 536184 538181 540176
      541170 541156 538143 534133 530129 525126 518122 516120
      515116 516112 524094 527080 528073 527068 519061 516057
      513050 506032 518020 530004 533998 536992 540981 543973
      548964 552955 555941 558927
 0.01 479238 480236 480234 479233 478232 476232 474233 473233
      471233 469234 468235 467236 465236 465237 467238 468238
      470239 472239 473240 475240 477239 479239 479238
 0.01 407110 408105 408100 406100 404102 404104 402106 400108
      396110 393110 391112 392114 394114 398113 400111 403111
      405112 407110
 0.01 369736 368732 367730 363731 357732 352735 344741 341744
      338748 331755 328759 329764 334767 338767 345766 348763
      354762 357759 363749 365744 367740 369736
 0.01 275003 274000 271998 266996 256988 252983 246980 240979
      235982 232989 232997 232001 234004 238008 249014 261019
      266019 267017 263014 259013 260010 264007 273005 275003
 0.25 538944 536919 534908 532906 528905 518906 511911 505916
      499919 490922 480923 473927 469932 464942 461953 462959
      467965 470966 470969 471974 465981 462989 462993 463996
      481002 488006 490008 492013 485017 482021 481026 478049
      481052 485050 490039 493031 498024 504021 511014 516008
      519999 523991 529982 533975 535965 538944
 0.25 521149 522143 521138 517131 513126 510119 510114 510107
      512096 512087 511079 509076 505074 498071 490061 487059
      483060 482063 483068 487074 489081 488086 486090 482096
      473105 468110 462114 458118 455125 451131 446138 438148
      443151 452152 463147 474140 486145 500152 506155 513155
      521149
 0.25 455186 456180 456174 453172 450173 445177 441183 436189
      432195 430201 433205 437206 438209 445210 449205 452196
      455186
 0.25 400062 402058 398055 392057 382061 376060 370057 364056
      360058 352067 348070 344072 338075 334079 326087 317093
      314097 312103 312107 314108 320108 326106 332107 339117
      342102 345097 349092 359089 365086 369087 372088 376091
      379090 393071 400062
 0.25 391780 390780 388780 387781 386782 385782 383784 381785
      380787 382788 383788 384788 385787 387786 388785 388784
      390783 390782 391780
 0.25 388799 385796 379797 374795 368796 362803 355804 351802
      347804 347806 348813 350817 352824 354826 358825 361823
      365818 368813 374806 377801 379803 383805 387802 388799
 0.25 305752 306748 304744 302743 298744 297746 296750 295752
      295756 297760 299761 302760 304758 305755 305752
 0.25 311824 305821 299818 293816 290813 286812 280813 275811
      273812 275816 278822 283819 289820 294824 298826 302827
      311825 311824
 0.25 301903 299899 295897 296891 298888 300882 300876 297871
      294870 289878 283885 278895 275900 274904 274908 277910
      281910 286914 290915 293910 298910 301903
 0.25 292087 292081 288079 279077 269076 259076 257077 257080
      259083 266088 268091 265093 265095 266097 270099 277104
      282103 284099 283094 285092 290090 292087
 0.25 295851 295845 294840 291836 288833 286830 282827 279827
      280834 281838 283842 285846 287850 290854 294853 295851
 0.25 268806 267804 265802 263801 261801 261800 259800 257801
      257803 258805 260807 262808 263808 265808 267808 268806
 0.25 253006 253004 253003 252002 251001 249000 247999 246998
      244997 242998 240999 240000 240002 242003 243004 244004
      245005 247006 249006 251006 253007 253006
 0.50 531947 533936 531926 530920 526915 518919 509921 487929
      477934 471942 469948 468957 471961 476964 478969 475976
      470984 469989 471992 474993 483997 488999 494001 503000
      510001 511996 515986 523976 528968 530963 531955 531947
 0.50 509141 510134 508128 504122 502111 501106 502101 504088
      500087 498088 492094 487099 476111 466122 459128 455134
      453139 456141 458140 463137 470133 476134 485138 492142
      500145 504145 507144 509141
 0.50 446199 448197 448194 448192 447191 445191 444194 444196
      444198 444199 446199 446199
 0.50 381076 381074 380070 378068 376066 373064 371064 369064
      366065 364067 365072 365074 367077 370079 372081 375082
      379082 381078 381076
 0.50 369802 369801 367802 367804 369803 369802
 0.50 341096 341094 341091 340089 340087 341086 342085 341083
      339083 338084 337085 336086 336088 336091 335092 335093
      334095 333097 334099 335099 336100 337099 338098 338097
      340096 341096
 0.50 329103 328102 328100 327099 325098 323098 321099 320099
      319100 319101 318103 319105 321105 322104 323104 325104
      327103 328103 329103
 0.50 296882 294882 294883 296883 296882
 0.50 291891 291887 287887 285889 284893 282896 281898 280900
      280904 281906 284908 286909 288908 289904 289902 290897
      291893 291891
 1.00 523947 522942 519939 514934 507930 503930 501932 489943
      481946 475949 473954 476959 482962 485964 487969 486976
      483979 481984 483988 485990 489990 494988 499988 502986
      504982 507974 512968 518962 520959 520952 523947
 1.50 499962 499954 497952 492952 491952 487952 482953 479952
      479955 482957 484957 487959 491963 494967 496967 499963
      499962

24HR QP VT 06/12Z
 0.01 462329 464325 467318 468314 471309 473305 476299 478295
      481291 483289 487287 491288 495288 500289 505291 509293
      511293 525257 519249 517244 516238 511230 504223 498214
      491208 481206 474209 470211 467214 468218 471221 474222
      475225 472230 468233 464234 461236 459241 455253 450263
      448268 446275 441285 439300 440304 442305 445302 448298
      451299 450303 449310 448318 447323
 0.01 561947 558931 555919 553915 553910 555903 557889 559882
      558875 555860 553829 550824 546820 542817 537818 526819
      518826 512833 504839 498847 492857 473850 468848 462848
      456855 450862 446866 441868 434868 432873 433877 437878
      439880 442880 445886 448892 449894 449898 449907 448913
      446920 443924 429940 427944 424949 420959 414968 410973
      408977 405989 405995 406001 410003 412003 418003 425004
      429001 440001 445004 443009 440069 442090 426089 426096
      429101 427105 423105 417103 410096 407092 410087 418079
      418074 416069 416055 415052 412052 406051 392049 386049
      383051 378052 371051 361049 358048 355046 355038 353035
      348036 346034 346030 343028 339028 337029 334031 327036
      320044 306057 301061 296062 286065 282067 276065 266061
      258055 251050 236037 231036 229039 227043 225048 225056
      228064 233069 238074 243078 273090 308094 314099 319104
      326109 333112 341114 346114 348112 347103 350094 351089
      354086 358080 361079 365081 372085 376092 379095 382094
      383089 386086 392083 399081 405077 407079 406081 405085
      402088 399092 397094 398098 393103 392108 389111 382115
      380115 380118 383120 387121 402119 409116 414116 417119
      419128 420132 419139 418142 417148 413156 410164 409169
      411172 415179 416186 413193 417202 420209 421212 425213
      430215 433214 439210 451203 458199 463194 467187 473181
      478179 485177 491175 497172 503167 509162 514158 517156
      517153 518141 521133 526126 530119 532092 534081 535066
      537056 538043 541029 545014
 0.01 545014 545011 547009 548004 549001 550998 551993 552990
      553985 554982 555979 555974 556971 557966 558963 558958
      560955 560949 561947
 0.01 457810 457804 456802 452798 444790 442788 440788 435793
      427800 422805 418808 406809 395806 386797 377791 370793
      365795 355801 353799 354796 356789 359784 365780 368777
      371772 374761 378748 379745 380740 379734 377727 374721
      358707 355705 353706 346707 343708 343711 344719 344726
      340727 337726 331728 326730 317724 307718 302716 296717
      288719 283722 278724 271726 264728 260730 253739 249749
      247763 246770 247777 249793 250799 247803 243807 242812
      246823 259842 285941 288947 290950 293949 296945 296951
      296955 298956 301956 304954 308950 310946 311938 312933
      315927 320925 330928 332924 328919 316897 314894 315892
      316884 321873 323869 327865 332861 338861 353859 360851
      364846 369842 375840 380841 394840 398844 401845 400848
      401866 405876 409882 413887 422893 425890 425883 422877
      418873 416866 416862 417858 418854 420852 425853 432853
      438855 444854 449850 453847 455841 457825 456816 457810
 0.01 330066 329064 327061 325061 323063 321065 319067 317069
      315071 313073 314075 318077 321076 323074 325072 327070
      329068 330066
 0.01 302781 301766 297754 290748 283748 277751 275755 273760
      271770 270783 269788 270792 273793 282795 292797 295798
      297796 299791 302781
 0.25 544920 542892 540879 539869 539863 538858 532854 528849
      523854 519863 515870 502880 495882 486881 480883 475887
      470895 466904 462912 458919 449931 440945 435953 432962
      432975 434978 439979 443979 448980 455983 459989 461994
      463998 466008 468017 466027 466037 466043 465050 463057
      460062 457064 453066 451068 452080 451087 450091 449097
      449104 447117 445127 443140 441149 444159 447167 447174
      446180 447182 450180 456174 461169 466164 469162 473162
      481166 486168 489167 496163 501158 506151 510144 513134
      509126 508122 509118 514109 518101 521092 523080 525066
      524055 522031 524020 527010 529007 529001 529988 531977
      533968 539947 542934 544920
 0.25 505271 503262 498256 492252 484248 480247 477248 475251
      474256 478263 479267 482270 489273 493275 495274 502273
      505271
 0.25 382074 383072 382069 380067 378065 377065 375065 373065
      371066 370068 371069 372071 373071 374072 375073 376075
      377076 378076 379077 380076 381075 382074
 0.25 366741 365735 363733 359733 352734 345736 333740 324747
      322754 321761 321767 323773 328777 335775 345768 354761
      362752 366741
 0.25 359832 360829 358826 354824 351824 345823 342825 340830
      338834 339840 341843 345845 350844 354841 355839 358834
      359832
 0.25 332809 331804 328805 324811 314822 286818 281813 276809
      269806 264802 260802 257803 254805 253810 258815 264819
      277845 280853 284860 287867 287872 286875 282881 278888
      280894 282896 286896 289895 291897 293897 295895 299889
      302882 310869 313862 314854 316846 322842 323839 322835
      320827 332809
 0.25 330798 332796 330794 328796 328798 328801 329802 329800
      330798 330798
 0.25 285078 279077 274077 269076 263074 258070 253069 254072
      258076 262080 268082 275082 281081 285078
 0.25 250067 249062 246059 243056 240054 237051 232050 232054
      233058 235061 238065 242067 247068 250067
 0.50 536933 535910 534898 534890 533877 532866 529861 526868
      524878 521885 509892 499901 494905 491906 487905 485902
      482901 477907 468917 464921 460926 453940 444952 441959
      440969 442973 445975 452977 458979 464983 467989 470998
      472005 474015 472024 470032 471041 471047 470053 467061
      464068 460074 458077 457082 455101 455110 453121 452126
      451132 453140 457146 461148 465147 471146 475146 487154
      493153 498149 502143 503138 502133 500124 502118 508102
      515088 517077 518066 515025 514014 513002 512992 512979
      513968 514957 519954 523947 526943 531941 535937 536933
 0.50 349756 350749 348745 344743 341744 337748 335752 333756
      332761 336765 340765 343763 346761 349756 349756
 0.50 306856 305854 305852 304850 303849 302848 301848 300850
      299851 300852 300853 302854 302855 304856 305857 306857
      306856
 0.50 270816 270814 269813 269812 268810 267810 266808 265808
      263807 261806 260806 258807 258809 260811 260812 261813
      262814 264815 266816 268816 268817 270816 270816
 1.00 508050 508040 507031 503024 499020 495015 490010 490000
      489991 486984 482982 479984 475991 475998 477002 479004
      484008 484013 483017 481024 480030 480036 478045 477056
      476066 477076 480083 480094 479099 477101 473106 470108
      469112 467120 465129 467132 470133 478135 485136 487135
      488131 489120 488111 490099 492091 498078 504065 508050
 1.00 489967 489954 489947 487942 484937 481935 476936 472939
      466943 460949 459957 463959 467961 469964 471969 475969
      479969 482971 486973 489970 489967
 1.00 470105 469103 468102 466102 466103 467105 468107 470105
 1.50 499041 498036 496033 492030 490029 488030 486034 486037
      487043 489048 490053 492058 495059 497054 497047 497044
      499041

24HR QP VT 07/12Z
 0.01 479617 488619 491622 494626 498634 503641 512657 516665
      518671 519675 533732 538765 541780 546790 548793 550802
      551816 553846 554854 555858 558869 559875 560879 561896
      562902 564904 565908 564915 564923 564941 565952 566958
      566968 566973 567977 567982 566989 565007 565013 567019
      567028 566032 563032 562040 562054 562060 560065 557075
      556087 553100 550112 545120 542125 540129 532134 528137
      526143 524151 525159 525163 526168 527173 530184 532189
      530194 525206 521206 517204 513196 511192 509188 499172
      490160 483152 477150 473148 469145 466140 464126 462120
      460116 457104 456098 457091 457083 459079 462065 462057
      464055 468054 471049 475043 476039 475037 474030 473019
      471009 471006 474003 476999 476995 474989 470976 464967
      460962 457959 453958 450960 444964 436969 428973 418973
      412978 406983 403984 398985 388987 382990 375994 368996
      365994 365986 368974 375954 380942 380936 374936 355941
      332941 315945 301954 289962 288957 290952 292949 293944
      280928 276918 271911 266903 263899 260895 251892 240892
      234888 230882 228878 228874 232868 237862 240859 241857
      240854 236852 235848 231838 230826 231820 235818 243810
      242803 245799 248797 253797 266796 272794 272791 271789
      270779 277763 280756 284750 289744 294737 306722 311715
      313711 318708 326700 334694 338696 342695 345697 346701
      349707 353708 360713 363714 366718 369725 373737 374749
      373757 373769 372779 369789 363798 356806 352811 348812
      341812 337812 328815 325819 325823 326829 329832 334832
      339833
 0.01 339833 357819 364814 371812 373812 375815 379823 382829
      379834 377839 375842 372843 360850 347856 341860 337863
      330872 326876 322882 319890 319900 323914 331923 361929
      364927 367927 374927 381927 384925 387924 391922 393919
      397913 405903 409898 413893 421886 426881 428880 430876
      433866 435864 438863 442863 445860 449857 453853 457848
      467836 473825 481814 486808 487802 489783 491775 491764
      489756 486750 483744 479739 474737 468733 464726 463723
      464720 464711 466705 469699 471693 474686 474680 472675
      469667 467657 464637 466628 469621
 0.01 527252 524247 522242 515234 508225 504215 500211 495208
      489199 484199 480200 476204 471205 464209 458219 454229
      448243 446248 446252 446256 448256 453258 457255 460251
      464247 468245 473246 478248 482251 486256 491264 496275
      499286 502291 505295 510298
 0.01 225056 229065 234070 241077 247084 257098 261101 266103
      274101 277097 280096 289099 298101 312103 320100 326100
      330103 335110 339110 343105 347096 348090 344079 340067
      339062 340056 340049 342043 342038 344032 349022 351017
      350011 348011 349013 342013 338015 334019 331021 329025
      326033 314050 308057 303063 298064 292064 281064 274058
      265056 254054 250052 243051 234047 229046 227050
 0.25 559040 561029 561021 560004 560990 560981 559974 555938
      555920 557914 554909 548849 540815 538801 535784 531771
      530763 530754 527742 524730 519733 515738 512743 513751
      515765 517773 517782 517790 514795 509803 507813 505826
      503834 499838 493839 488838 482839 478842 473851 466872
      464878 461883 458886 455888 449891 445894 436901 419912
      406925 399931 394938 391941 389946 387952 388959 393961
      399965 402968 409968 437947 442944 446943 450943 455942
      460940 465938 471939 479944 488948 491950 494954 497957
      499962 502972 503978 502984 499989 497995 493000 492005
      490013 490030 489040 488045 486059 484073 485085 483096
      482102 482109 485115 488119 493121 499122 503125 508128
      513129 520127 533116 540109 544104 547098 551085 555070
      557056 559040
 0.25 517278 518273 518269 517266 514264 512263 509261 506259
      503260 504264 505266 506269 508272 509275 511278 513281
      516280 517278
 0.25 497252 494248 492243 489239 487236 484232 480230 477233
      476235 476238 478241 482242 485242 488244 491248 494252
      497252
 0.25 504730 503728 502728 501728 501731 503733 504731 504730
 0.25 498690 498685 497681 495678 494676 492674 490671 490675
      489678 489683 489688 491693 492695 495697 496696 497693
      498690
 0.25 356750 356743 355739 352734 349729 335719 328718 323719
      322724 321728 321735 323747 321758 318769 316779 313788
      311799 310804 313807 318807 322805 330799 337793 346787
      351782 355772 356750
 0.25 305081 305076 304074 300072 295071 288070 280070 272069
      264067 250060 244058 235056 233058 234060 239065 248075
      261083 277087 283089 288090 293090 299088 305083 305081
 0.25 310901 309899 306898 304899 302901 299903 297905 296908
      296912 297916 299918 301920 304918 306916 307914 308911
      309907 309903 310901
 0.25 295864 296853 294843 290836 282832 267828 262828 260831
      257834 256838 255846 254856 256865 259873 262880 267888
      278898 284900 286891 287883 289878 291874 295864
 0.25 269812 269810 267809 267808 265808 263807 262807 261807
      260807 258809 258811 258813 259813 260814 262815 264815
      265815 266814 268813 269812
 0.50 558032 559014 558001 558988 556975 540928 548911 546900
      545886 545870 545861 544851 542843 539838 534829 531825
      528822 521821 515825 511834 508846 506862 504878 500885
      497889 492890 489889 487887 487883 486877 483876 478882
      471890 467902 450904 442910 439913 436914 431920 427922
      423921 416920 411923 405931 400938 393945 392951 393956
      400954 413956 421951 429944 436937 445935 454931 461926
      466920 469917 471919 477928 482931 486932 494938 500944
      503949 504953 507963 510966 514966 516968 515970 514977
      513983 510990 505000 501010 498023 493047 491060 490072
      489087 489095 490102 491109 495113 506116 511117 516116
      522112 533103 540096 545084 549072 552058 555045 558032
 0.50 529947 529944 528943 527942 526941 525941 523941 523944
      522947 523949 523952 524952 525952 527951 527949 528948
      529947
 0.50 483859 482857 482854 480855 479857 478857 477860 476862
      476864 475865 475867 476868 477869 479868 480867 481866
      481864 482862 482861 483859
 0.50 350756 350748 348740 345736 341734 337736 333741 329749
      326760 326767 327775 327782 326788 328789 332785 339777
      345770 349760 350756
 0.50 297082 296078 294076 287075 281076 276075 272075 267072
      267077 272081 277082 284084 292084 297082
 0.50 290860 290855 289849 286843 282842 277843 272847 269849
      267852 265860 265870 268878 272883 277883 280881 282873
      285866 289860 290860
 0.50 263070 262069 260069 258069 260070 262072 263070
 0.50 256067 255067 253066 251066 251067 253067 255067 256067
 1.00 552026 552009 552998 550990 547985 544982 539980 536980
      533981 526988 518994 512004 508019 505032 502047 498061
      495079 495088 496095 500099 507100 515098 521096 525092
      532085 539075 543064 547049 550038 552026
 1.00 447925 448923 447921 445922 444923 443924 442925 443928
      445928 447926 447925
 1.00 428935 428933 426934 425935 424935 423936 421938 420940
      421942 423944 424943 425942 426941 426940 427938 428936
      428935
 1.00 417933 417931 416930 414929 412930 411931 410932 410933
      409935 409936 409937 410938 412937 414936 415935 416935
      417933
 1.00 340755 339753 338753 336753 335754 334756 333758 334761
      336762 337762 338762 339761 340760 340757 340756 340755
 1.50 546022 546011 543006 540004 534000 530999 528000 523000
      521002 520009 518015 517019 516025 516033 514038 511045
      507055 504065 503071 502078 503083 506085 511087 516086
      521083 525081 528077 536061 539052 542043 545033 546022
 2.00 540035 540027 538022 533020 532022 531026 528040 525044
      521048 518051 514056 512060 511069 513074 516078 520076
      524073 527069 529063 534051 538040 540035

$$




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