Quantitative Precipitation Forecast
Issued by NWS

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000
FXUS04 KWBC 240859
QPFPFD

QUANTITATIVE PRECIPITATION FORECAST DISCUSSION
NWS WEATHER PREDICTION CENTER COLLEGE PARK MD
458 AM EDT TUE MAY 24 2016


PRELIM DAY 1...DAY 2 AND DAY 3 QPF DISCUSSION
VALID MAY 24/1200 UTC THRU MAY 27/1200 UTC
REFERENCE AWIPS GRAPHICS UNDER...PRECIP ACCUM - 24HR

DAY 1

...CENTRAL U.S FROM TEXAS TO WYOMING...

CERTAINLY CONTINUES TO LOOK LIKE A DIFFICULT QPF PATTERN WITH
FAVORABLE INSTABILITY...MOISTURE...AND SHEAR OVER A BROAD
AREA...BUT WITH CONVECTIVE EVOLUTION BEING GOVERNED MORE BY THE
DIURNAL CYCLE AND MESO OR STORM SCALE PROCESSES RATHER THAN
DISTINCT UPPER LEVEL SHORTWAVES. AT ANY GIVEN LOCATION DIFFERENT
MODELS MAY OFFER A FEAST OR FAMINE WITH RESPECT TO
PRECIPITATION...NOTING PARTICULARLY THAT THE HI-RES MODELS ARE
UNANIMOUSLY BONE DRY OVER SOUTHEAST NEBRASKA WHERE THE GLOBAL
MODELS AND PREVIOUS WPC DEPICT A LOCAL MAXIMUM. CENTRAL AND
EASTERN OKLAHOMA ARE ALSO PARTICULARLY TROUBLESOME...WITH THE EMC
WRF-NMM...NSSL WRF...AND WRF-ARW CARRYING MASSIVE QPF WHILE THE
NAM/NAM CONEST AND OTHER MODELS HAVE VERY LITTLE. A THIRD AREA OF
CONCERN...NOT LIKELY TO BE MODELED VERY WELL...IS THE DEPRESSION
IN THE HEIGHT FIELD LEFT BY PREVIOUS CONVECTION...WHICH WAS
DRIFTING INTO MO/AR THIS MORNING...AND WHICH MAY WELL YIELD
FOCUSED CONVECTION TODAY AS THE LOW LEVEL JET VEERS AND PRODUCES
STRONG UPGLIDE INTO UNCAPPED AREAS FROM FAR EASTERN OK EASTWARD AS
INDICATED BY THE NAM CONEST AND SOME HRRR RUNS.

SO WE HAVE TO SPEAK IN GENERALITIES...NOT PREFERRING ANY
PARTICULAR MODEL SOLUTION AS BEING IDEAL AT THIS POINT. WE TENDED
TO FAVOR THE WRF-NMM...NAM CONEST...AND CONTINUITY. IN TERMS OF
EVOLUTION...THERE IS GOOD OBSERVATIONAL EVIDENCE AND MODEL SIGNAL
FOR CONVECTION IN NORTHWEST KANSAS TO EVOLVE EAST AND
SOUTHEASTWARD EARLY TODAY. WE ALSO DID OUR BEST TO DEPICT SOME
FOCUSED QPF IN THE MO/AR UPGLIDE SCENARIO. THE CAP BUILDS THIS
MORNING ACROSS SOUTHWEST KS THROUGH CENTRAL/WESTERN OK INTO
SOUTHWEST TX...SO WE TRIED TO GIVE THE KANSAS CONVECTION A GOOD
EASTWARD COMPONENT...WITH PREFERRED DEVELOPMENT ON THE LESSER
CAPPED FLANK. IT IS UNCERTAIN HOW LONG THIS ACTIVITY WILL PERSIST
IN AN ORGANIZED WAY...AS THE AXIS OF STRONGER LOW LEVEL INFLOW
REMAINS BACK WEST BENEATH THE CAP. FOR THESE REASONS...WE WERE
MORE CONSERVATIVE WITH AMOUNTS OVER CENTRAL/EASTERN OKLAHOMA...BUT
WILL HAVE TO RE-EVALUATE BEFORE THE FINAL 0830Z QPF. THE HI-RES
MODELS FEATURE ALMOST NO QPF OVER SOUTHWEST TEXAS THIS
AFTERNOON...WITH THE SUB-TROPICAL JET NOSING OUT AND MID LEVEL
TEMPERATURES BUILDING FURTHER ON THE SOUTH SIDE OF THE JET AXIS.
ONE AREA WHERE QPF SIGNAL IS RISING...IS EASTERN WYOMING INTO
ADJACENT SD/NE...WITHIN UPSLOPE FLOW AHEAD OF AN EJECTING
SHORTWAVE. AND IN SOUTHEAST NEBRASKA...WE MAINTAINED CONTINUITY
WITH A LOCAL QPF MAXIMUM...DESPITE ABSENCE OF QPF FROM THE HI-RES
MODELS. THIS IS WHERE THE NOSE OF THE LOW LEVEL JET SHOULD FOCUS
TUESDAY NIGHT...ALONG AN ALREADY ESTABLISHED BAROCLINIC
ZONE...THOUGH THE EXTENT OF THE EARLY DAY CONVECTION IN KANSAS
COULD ALTER THE EVENT.


...UPPER MIDWEST / GREAT LAKES...

HERE...AS WITH THE CENTRAL U.S...WPC FAVORED THE NAM CONEST AND
CONTINUITY. THERE IS A LITTLE LESS MODEL SPREAD HERE COMPARED TO
THE PLAINS...BUT CONFIDENCE IN THE DETAILS IS NOT TOO HIGH...GIVEN
RELATIVELY MODEST FORCING AND THE PRESENCE OF AN MCV OVER IOWA
THIS MORNING. THE MODELS DO SEEM TO HAVE SOME SIGNAL OF
PRECIPITATION IN SOUTHERN WISCONSIN LATER TODAY OWING TO THE MCV.
QPF AMOUNTS REMAINED CONSERVATIVE...BUT SOME LOCALLY HEAVY RAIN
WILL BE POSSIBLE...AS MODERATE INSTABILITY DEVELOPS BY AFTERNOON.


...WESTERN U.S...

ON THE LARGE SCALE A POSITIVELY TILTED...FULL LATITUDE TROUGH
REMAINS IN PLACE OVER THE WEST...WITH SMALLER SCALE CONCENTRATIONS
OF VORTICITY ALONG THE MONTANA BORDER WITH CANADA AND ALSO IN THE
BASE OF THE TROUGH OVER THE SOUTHWEST STATES. PRECIPITABLE WATER
VALUES THROUGHOUT THE WEST WERE NEAR OR BELOW CLIMATOLOGICAL
AVERAGE FOR LATE MAY...SO DIURNAL SHOWERS AND THUNDERSTORMS MAY
NOT BE OVERLY PRODUCTIVE. BOTH GEFS PROBABILITIES AND ECMWF
ENSEMBLE PROBABILITIES INDICATE GREATER LIKELIHOOD OF
HYDROLOGICALLY SIGNIFICANT...0.25 INCH...RAINFALL IN CLOSE
PROXIMITY TO THE LARGE SCALE TROUGH AXIS...FROM THE SOUTHERN
SIERRAS IN CALIFORNIA...ACROSS CENTRAL/NORTHEAST NEVADA AND INTO
THE TETONS AND BEARTOOTH AREAS OF WY/MT. MODEL QPFS HAVE BEEN
STABLE RUN TO RUN...AND WPC MADE VERY LITTLE CHANGE TO THE
FORECAST FOR DAY 1.


...MID ATLANTIC/NORTHEAST...

THE EAST COAST TROUGH/LOW WILL RECEIVE A GENTLE KICK FROM AN
UPSTREAM WAVE OVER THE GREAT LAKES...PROVIDING MORE EASTWARD
MOTION TODAY. HEIGHT RISES OVER THE MID ATLANTIC SHOULD BE
SUFFICIENT TO END THE SHOWERY REGIME THERE...ALTHOUGH GIVEN THE
AMOUNT OF MOISTURE IN THE GROUND AND STRONG HEATING...A STRAY
BRIEF SHOWER IS POSSIBLE. GREATER CONCENTRATION OF SHOWERS WILL BE
UP ACROSS NEW ENGLAND WITH COOLER TEMPERATURES ALOFT AND SOME MID
LEVEL ASCENT AIDING IN DIURNAL SHOWER/THUNDERSTORM
DEVELOPMENT...ESPECIALLY INLAND FROM THE COAST. WPC MADE A FEW
TWEAKS BASED ON THE HIGH RESOLUTION GUIDANCE...BUT OVERALL THE
FORECAST DID NOT CHANGE MUCH.


...FLORIDA...

WITH TYPICALLY RICH MOISTURE IN PLACE ACROSS SOUTH FLORIDA AND THE
KEYS...A CONFLUENT MID LEVEL FLOW REGIME AT THE TAIL END OF A
FRONTAL ZONE MAY SUPPORT SOME NON-DIURNAL SHOWERS EARLY THIS
MORNING OF THE WESTERN KEYS AND OFF THE SOUTHEAST COAST OF
FLORIDA. BETTER ORGANIZED THUNDERSTORMS ARE EXPECTED BY EARLY
AFTERNOON...FOCUSING OVER THE EVERGLADES PER MOST OF THE MODEL
GUIDANCE. LOCALLY VERY HEAVY DOWNPOURS ARE POSSIBLE...AND MAY
AFFECT SOME OF THE POPULATION CENTERS IN SE FL EARLY IN THE
EVENT...AND IN SW FL LATER IN THE AFTERNOON.

DAYS 2/3...


...WEST...

THE LARGE UPPER LEVEL LOW AND TROUGH THAT HAS PERSISTED ACROSS THE
PACIFIC NORTHWEST AND THE INTERMOUNTAIN WEST OVER THE LAST FEW
DAYS SHOULD CONTINUE IN PLACE WITH THIS PATTERN THROUGH THE MIDDLE
OF THE WEEK.  SHORTWAVES ROTATING WITHIN THE TROUGH WILL COMBINE
WITH THE LOW LEVEL STEEP LAPSE RATES TO RESULT IN SCATTERED TO
WIDESPREAD SHOWERS AND A FEW THUNDERSTORMS BOTH DAYS...WITH THE
GREATEST COVERAGE IN THE AFTERNOON AND EVENING VIA DIURNAL
HEATING.  THE QPF FORECAST HERE IS GENERALLY A BLEND OF THE
GFS/ECMWF ACROSS THIS REGION WITH LOCAL ADJUSTMENTS FOR TERRAIN.


...PLAINS/MS VALLEY/GREAT LAKES REGION...

THE HEAVIEST RAINFALL ON THE DAY 2 PERIOD IS EXPECTED TO BE ALONG
AN AXIS FROM MN SOUTHEAST INTO CENTRAL/EASTERN IOWA...MUCH OF WI
AND NORTHERN IL. EXPECTATION IS THAT CONVECTION WILL BE ONGOING
WEDNESDAY MORNING IN THE WARM AIR ADVECTION REGIME NEAR THE
NORTHWARD MOVING WARM FRONT AS THE SHORTWAVE/SURFACE LOW TRACKS
ACROSS THE PLAINS. IN GENERAL THIS CONVECTION SHOULD BE PRETTY
PROGRESSIVE OFF TO THE NORTHEAST...HOWEVER COULD SEE SOME
BACKBUILDING INTO THE WARM FRONT. ALSO PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUE
ARE PROGGED TO BE AROUND 2 STANDARD DEVIATIONS ABOVE NORMAL...WITH
LOW LEVEL MOISTURE FLUX ANOMALIES RUNNING 2-3 STANDARD DEVIATIONS
ABOVE AVERAGE INTO THE WARM FRONT. THUS SEEMS PROBABLE THAT WE
COULD SEE SOME HEAVY RAINFALL RATES ON WEDNESDAY AS THIS
CONVECTION TRACKS NORTHEASTWARD. A GREATER FLOOD THREAT COULD END
UP EVOLVING ACROSS PORTIONS OF SOUTHERN WI INTO NORTHERN IL LATER
WEDNESDAY INTO WEDNESDAY NIGHT. AS THE LOW LIFTS OFF TO THE
NORTHEAST SEEMS LIKELY THAT CONVECTION WILL BEGIN PROPAGATING MORE
OFF TO THE SOUTHEAST FROM NORTHEAST IA INTO SOUTHERN WI INTO
NORTHERN IL. THE LOW LEVEL JET SHOULD INCREASE TOWARDS
EVENING...WHICH IS EXPECTED TO INCREASE MOISTURE FLUX INTO THE
CONVECTION. WIND FIELDS ARE SUCH THAT CORFIDI VECTORS BECOME VERY
LIGHT ACROSS THIS REGION AS WELL...THUS SLOW MOVING HEAVY
CONVECTION IS A POSSIBILITY. WENT AHEAD AND ISSUED A SLIGHT RISK
FOR EXCESSIVE RAINFALL FOR PORTIONS OF MN/IA/WI/IL TO ACCOUNT FOR
THE ABOVE POTENTIAL. QPF ACROSS THE REGION WAS MANUALLY DERIVED
USING A MULTI MODEL CONSENSUS APPROACH. THOUGHT THE 0Z GEM
REGIONAL OUTPUT OFFERED A PLAUSIBLE EVOLUTION OF CONVECTION
THROUGH 0Z THURSDAY...WITH A COMBINATION OF THE
GFS/ECMWF/UKMET/GEFS/ECMWF MEAN USED AS WELL THROUGH DAY 2.

THE OTHER HEAVY RAINFALL POTENTIAL ON DAY 2 IS ACROSS SOUTH TEXAS.
THE APPROACH OF THE SUBTROPICAL JET WILL RESULT IN DIFFLUENT UPPER
LEVEL FLOW. ALSO LOOKS LIKE A SUBTLE SOUTHERN STREAM SHORTWAVE
WILL TRACK INTO THE SATE WEDNESDAY AFTERNOON/EVENING...ADDING TO
THE SYNOPTIC SUPPORT FOR ASCENT. MEANWHILE THE AIRMASS WILL ALSO
BE VERY UNSTABLE AND ANOMALOUSLY MOIST...WITH PRECIPITABLE WATER
VALUES OF 1.5-2" EXPECTED...WITH A FETCH FROM BOTH THE WESTERN
GULF AND EASTERN PACIFIC. INCREASING MODEL SUPPORT FOR CONVECTION
AND POSSIBLE MCS DEVELOPMENT WEDNESDAY EVENING...WITH THE SYSTEM
PROGRESSING EASTWARD OVERNIGHT. STILL SOME UNCERTAINTY THOUGH AS
ATMOSPHERIC WILL BE CAPPED INITIALLY...AND MODEL GUIDANCE IS STILL
FLUCTUATING A BIT ON THIS EVOLUTION. ALSO WOULD EXPECT THIS
INITIAL MCS TO BE PRETTY PROGRESSIVE OFF TO THE EAST. THUS FOR NOW
HELD OFF ON A DAY 2 SLIGHT RISK...ALTHOUGH TRENDS WILL HAVE TO BE
MONITORED. ON DAY 3...THE MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY IS EXPECTED TO
PERSIST..WITH SYNOPTIC FORCING INCREASING EVEN MORE...WITH A
STRONGER SHORTWAVE APPROACHING...THE UPPER LEVELS SEEING GREATER
DIFFLUENCE...AND TEXAS BECOMING SITUATED MORE IN THE LEFT EXIT
REGION OF THE SUBTROPICAL JET. THUS CONVECTION SEEMS LIKELY ON
THURSDAY ACROSS THE STATE. ALTHOUGH EXACTLY WHERE/WHEN THE BEST
THREAT IS IS UNCERTAIN...AS PARTIALLY DEPENDENT ON THE WEDNESDAY
NIGHT ACTIVITY AND OUTFLOWS IT MAY PRODUCE. THUS WENT WITH A LARGE
SLIGHT RISK ON DAY 3 THAT COVERS MUCH OF CENTRAL/EASTERN TEXAS.
ACTIVITY SHOULD FIRE ACROSS THE CENTRAL PORTION OF THE STATE AS
THE AFOREMENTIONED FORCING INCREASES INTO THE FRONT/DRY LINE. BUT
COULD ALSO SEE CONVECTION CLOSER TO THE GULF COAST IF THE MORNING
CONVECTION SETS UP OUTFLOWS...A SOLUTION SUGGESTED BY THE ECMWF.
THUS THOUGHT THE BEST OPTION WAS TO GO WITH A LARGE SLIGHT RISK TO
COVER BOTH THREATS...WITH THE ENVIRONMENT CONDUCIVE TO A FLASH
FLOOD THREAT WHERE CONVECTION DOES FORM AND PROPAGATE.

THE OTHER REGION OF ENHANCED CONCERN ON DAY 3 IS ACROSS PORTIONS
OF EASTERN NE...SOUTHWEST IA...NORTHEAST KS AND NORTHWEST MO. A
SURFACE LOW FORMING IN THE LEE OF THE ROCKIES ON THURSDAY WILL
INCREASE SOUTHERLY FLOW AND MOISTURE ADVECTION ONCE AGAIN ACROSS
THE PLAINS...WITH A WARM FRONT SLOWLY LIFTING NORTH AS WELL.
EXPECT CONVECTION TO FORM IN THE VICINITY OF THE WARM FRONT ON
THURSDAY INTO THURSDAY NIGHT. THE FRONT IS EXPECTED TO BECOME
NEARLY STATIONARY...AND WITH LOW LEVEL MOISTURE FLUX ANOMALIES OF
4+ STANDARD DEVIATIONS AIMED INTO THE BOUNDARY...CONTINUED
REDEVELOPMENT OF CONVECTION SEEMS LIKE A POSSIBILITY. SOME MODEL
DISAGREEMENTS ON THE PLACEMENT OF THIS FRONT AND THUS HEAVIEST
RAINFALL POTENTIAL. GENERALLY THOUGHT RECENT TRENDS AND ENSEMBLE
GUIDANCE SUPPORTED A SOLUTION CLOSEST TO THE CONSISTENT ECMWF.
THUS THE WPC QPF WAS MANUALLY DERIVED USING A MULTI MODEL
CONSENSUS...BUT WAS HEAVILY LEANED TOWARDS RECENT RUNS OF THE
DETERMINISTIC ECMWF AND THE ECMWF MEAN. THIS SUGGESTS THE HEAVIEST
RAINFALL POTENTIAL SETS UP ACROSS SOUTHEAST NE INTO NORTHEAST
KS...NORTHWEST MO AND SOUTHWEST IA. A SLIGHT RISK WAS ISSUED
ACROSS THIS REGION.

BURKE/CHENARD




24HR QP VT 25/12Z
 0.01 523195 521190 519183 514175 506168 503163 500160 500156
      502155 506158 513164 516167 520165 520158 518156 504142
      502142 500139 498138 495135 490134 482130 479127 475121
      477115 479112 482109 486113 489116 494118 498121 502124
      505124 509122 517117 523109 527099 527095 528092 529086
      530071 530066 529063 527058 524052 524045 524031 522017
      519009 516006 514006 514009 510032 509036 508034 507026
      506021 504018 503020 500024 499030 499036 501044 486053
      483055 481057 480053 480039 480027 478018 471996 471990
      469984 469979 466973 462964 456957 444940 442926 442921
      445917 450911 453911 455915 462935 467945 469950 470957
      472960 476963 482963 487963 492967 497970 501970 507966
      511975 517984 520987 525986 529983 532978 534971 533963
      530952 527941 523931 519923 514916 509911 502906 499905
      496907 495909 495914 494918 492916 488916 483914 476909
      473906 470900 470896 472893 476890 483884 490877 497869
      501861 503849 503834 502826 504821 509802 510789 508778
      505774 501772 497771 494771 494768 506753 510748 513744
      519735 522731 521726 516715 511707 509703 506706 494719
      481733 468746 456758 443769 436776 429784 422792 415800
      405811 397818 392826 384842 381850 378853 374855 371857
      366858 363861 361865 359876 357882 353886 347894 344898
      342903 341909 341917 341924 339928 331933 322936 305932
      299939 299945 296949 296954 299954 301956 304955 314956
      322955 326955 331955 339959 343961 347962 348964 348968
      344971 339982 335991 335004 336008 339011 349011 357009
      363008 367007 378007 383007 386010 386016 387022 393025
      396028 396033 396038 397044 398050 397055 397057 399058
      403061 399069
 0.01 399069 395076 397078 399078 406075 412075 417073 421072
      422076 423081 421086 419089 417090 410091 404096 399100
      397108 396111 393114 394118 399122 403128 393138 382138
      378144 377152 381156 378157 379160 377170 373170 371172
      365175 362177 360179 361188 364195 368199 372203 379207
      387210 393214 396216 396219 386224 383227 383229 387234
      394238 403241 410242 417242 421238 426232 430228 431219
      432213 431209 432203 430200 425189 423163 426155 426145
      426140 428137 432138 435141 438148 441154 447165 449169
      448175 449180 451183 457185 462183 465174 470169 473171
      475174 477179 479188 483195 490197 496194 501192 509194
      519202 520204 521200 523195
 0.01 508246 509238 507231 502220 499214 496210 492211 487211
      482209 478209 470203 473209 470213 467212 462207 460202
      459206 461213 462216 459217 454217 448216 444217 441222
      443227 447229 452228 457225 462225 471221 476220 481220
      486222 491225 494231 496237 498242 501247 503250 506250
      508246
 0.01 497660 496652 494648 488642 480644 475649 472653 467656
      464659 462659 461656 457652 451653 448657 444666 436665
      427668 422670 420673 412689 407696 405700 405705 405709
      403710 398712 399715 401718 406724 406727 403729 400731
      395733 391735 384740 382743 384747 385750 388753 391755
      397755 406753 411754 415753 424752 430750 433748 441743
      447737 451731 458713 468700 491675 497660
 0.01 495771 493769 491770 490772 491774 493773 495771
 0.01 479241 479239 480236 480234 480231 480230 478229 477228
      477227 476230 475232 475235 476236 476237 477240 478242
      479241
 0.01 491774 490773 488773 487775 488777 490776 491774
 0.01 486780 484779 482782 479785 471793 457806 442820 434827
      426834 424834 423838 423844 422853 421858 421862 420865
      420873 422875 423874 425869 427862 429857 434848 447833
      459816 472801 480792 485783 486780
 0.01 423706 423703 422702 420703 418703 416703 415704 414706
      413707 412708 412709 411711 412712 414712 414713 416713
      418713 420713 421711 422708 423706
 0.01 386154 385152 383152 381154 382155 384155 386154
 0.01 343173 343169 341167 338166 334167 330165 327165 325165
      324169 325172 327174 329176 330178 332180 335181 338181
      340179 341175 343173
 0.01 294019 294018 293016 292016 291016 289014 287014 285014
      283014 283016 285018 287018 289019 290020 290021 292021
      294019 294019
 0.01 285819 285815 283813 281808 274802 266796 263787 268779
      270774 269767 267761 262759 257760 251761 244767 238775
      232782 230786 229792 228798 228803 231814 233820 234826
      236830 240833 242839 245839 251830 256823 257820 260821
      264823 270823 276823 282822 285819
 0.01 267017 264015 263011 264006 264003 262998 258995 255992
      253992 251994 249994 246993 237990 233993 232997 235005
      238009 241012 249015 258018 267017
 0.25 495809 495804 493802 489800 486802 482806 478812 473822
      468833 463846 461851 457855 453854 449855 440862 436866
      432871 427884 424891 421896 415896 411896 405896 401897
      396901 394905 392910 391916 391924 395929 396936 394941
      386940 382938 372916 373913 376911 378907 374896 374891
      372886 368882 365883 363885 358890 356897 355899 351900
      347904 345910 345918 347924 351927 355931 358934 359939
      358945 359950 360953 362960 366970 359979 356984 353991
      351996 350000 353002 358000 362998 371999 378001 383998
      385994 389992 394995 397999 403002 404011 401028 400038
      401045 403051 407051 426051 436045 446041 450038 453031
      453019 455012 460001 459996 455991 451990 446992 438997
      433000 430999 429998 430983 429980 426979 423980 421979
      421974 422970 424962 426956 428948 429942 431938 432930
      433923 434915 432910 431901 432897 435895 439892 444887
      448882 449881 450885 453894 457898 460893 463887 465881
      466879 468880 471882 474881 479877 483874 486869 491859
      492852 490846 487841 482842 478848 475855 474858 469857
      464860 461859 462856 469848 473844 476842 480842 484836
      487831 490825 493817 495809
 0.25 482153 482150 481148 480146 478145 476145 475145 473145
      471145 470148 469150 470153 470154 472154 474154 475154
      477154 478154 479155 480155 482153
 0.25 491949 491944 490942 488939 486938 482937 481937 479937
      478942 479944 481949 482951 484952 487954 490952 491949
 0.25 470105 468103 468102 468104 469105 470106 470105
 0.25 467068 469058 470048 469038 467036 465038 465047 464053
      462060 460067 457074 457079 460081 463080 465077 467070
      467068
 0.25 462104 462099 458098 452094 448094 445096 442097 440100
      436101 432100 428101 426103 424106 426109 433112 437113
      440113 443110 445111 448114 451114 455113 456110 461105
      462104
 0.25 442718 441714 437715 433719 428723 423727 420730 415735
      414739 418740 421738 426735 431732 435728 440724 442718
 0.25 439692 439690 437688 435687 434686 433686 432685 431684
      430683 428683 426684 425686 427688 429690 431691 431692
      433693 433694 435695 436695 437696 438695 439692
 0.25 448073 447070 446070 445068 443068 441068 441069 441072
      443073 445073 446074 448073
 0.25 414231 414229 414227 414226 413224 413223 412223 411224
      409225 408225 407226 405226 405227 404228 404231 406232
      408233 409233 411233 413232 414231
 0.25 415212 415210 416208 416206 415205 415203 414201 412200
      411199 410199 409200 408201 407203 407206 408207 408208
      409210 410211 411212 412214 413214 414214 415212
 0.25 417154 417151 416153 417154 417154
 0.25 402169 404166 403163 398163 390167 384171 380173 378178
      375182 372183 370185 370190 375196 384201 388201 392200
      395198 394193 396186 398182 401172 402169
 0.25 352949 351947 348945 347945 346945 345943 343941 339939
      337941 336945 337947 339947 343947 345947 347949 350951
      352949
 0.25 269812 266806 261803 255802 250800 256789 261780 264775
      264771 263769 259768 255769 251773 242781 239785 238791
      239800 241806 251812 257813 260815 264816 267815 269812
 0.25 255008 255004 254002 251000 249000 246998 244997 240996
      238997 238001 239003 242005 243007 245008 249009 252010
      253010 255008
 0.50 488859 487854 484856 482859 480861 479863 478867 477870
      478873 480872 482869 484867 485864 487861 488859
 0.50 457001 454999 451999 446001 436005 430008 428013 426020
      423026 417037 416041 417044 424046 427046 432042 436039
      441038 447035 449029 449021 450015 456003 457001
 0.50 424999 425992 420991 414996 409003 406008 406012 405026
      402037 403040 405041 407040 408038 413031 418023 422014
      423001 424999
 0.50 423928 413912 410908 407906 399907 396911 395917 396923
      398927 399933 399941 397945 395949 390950 387954 386957
      384956 381954 379951 378946 376934 373929 370925 368916
      368910 371908 372903 370898 352903 349907 348914 350919
      353922 365934 374974 373980 373985 375991 377994 380994
      382990 386981 387978 389979 393982 398990 407993 410991
      411984 412977 414978 415971 416966 418945 419933 423928
 0.50 383195 381193 381192 380190 378190 377191 378193 378194
      379195 381195 383195 383195
 0.50 265813 265810 264809 263808 262807 261806 260805 259805
      258804 256805 254805 253806 253808 253810 254810 256811
      257811 258813 259813 260814 262814 264813 265813
 0.50 257777 256776 255777 254777 255778 257777 257777
 0.50 255783 255781 253779 251780 248782 246783 245785 243787
      242791 244795 246795 249795 251793 252790 253787 254785
      255783
 0.50 249004 249003 248002 247002 245001 244000 242000 240002
      242003 242004 244005 245005 247004 249004 249004
 1.00 448010 448009 446008 444007 443009 443012 444013 446013
      447012 448010 448010
 1.00 411017 412015 411013 411015 409016 409017 411017 411017
 1.00 411954 410945 409935 407924 406920 403919 401921 401926
      403936 401945 400954 398960 399966 402973 407975 410966
      410956 411954
 1.00 359918 359917 358916 357914 355913 354912 353911 352912
      352914 353915 355915 356916 357917 359918 359919 359918

24HR QP VT 26/12Z
 0.01 539192 535174 530167 525160 519156 511149 507148 503145
      496138 492135 491131 489125 489119 488114 488110 490107
      493107 495103 498095 502082 501077 498074 496071 497069
      501065 504061 505055 509034 511027 512022 513010 515996
      516979 517968 517952 518946 519938 519921 520906 520895
      519886 515875 511866 505854 500846 480822 474816 469810
      462807 453803 450804 449801 450794 451780 452775 454772
      459765 495740 509732 512729 517727 523723 526719 527715
      528707 526701 523693 519684 512673 507661 505657 501653
      496644 491638 483636 480636 478635 472637 468640 464645
      458649 456652 451654 444657 437663 431672 427681 426686
      429689 430693 428697 427700 427705 434711 435714 433717
      428721 424724 425728 422732 424737 430737 433742 435755
      434760 430759 426760 424762 420763 416762 413763 411766
      412773 414776 431773 433773 434776 434781 433789 431793
      400811 396812 393816 388826 384836 380843 377846 365854
      362856 362863 362875 361883 360886 354894 349901 347904
      342906 333910 324913 313917 308918 306920 303920 301921
      306924 310926 314930 316931 317935 314937 319941 329952
      327959 331966 335973 335975 332975 322975 319981 315983
      313982 312979 308976 305973 301970 290968 280969 269970
      258975 251980 249984 246987 236996 236007 239014 240018
      240023 236031 238035 242038 253040 257041 264041 276043
      282043 287041 298040 305037 310037 315035 325031 334027
      338022 340018 338015 333010 323009 319008 319005 320999
      322997 324999 327003 333006 336006 340002 354990 357987
      360985 366978 370974 375970 379969 383970 387974 391975
      398976 401982 405990 402994 401000
 0.01 401000 400023 403028 404032 408034 412031 423018 428014
      432009 436007 439007 429049 427054 425058 423062 421070
      418081 410089 400102 397112 396115 401116 404118 403122
      402125 405127 404131 401134 395135 392139 389141 386148
      382154 375157 369162 370167 369170 366170 361171 358171
      358174 355180 355183 357185 363191 366196 369197 398217
      406221 404224 398223 391222 389222 388224 393229 399231
      415230 412224 413220 415212 414207 413200 416199 418200
      421204 424204 427200 430194 431185 429177 428172 432171
      434172 432167 427158 425146 429141 432144 435155 440163
      443167 444172 440180 435187 437192 442193 445189 448185
      451182 453180 457180 463176 466171 467168 470170 475175
      480183 484191 487192 492191 497195 501199 502209 499214
      496215 493214 487212 481211 480214 482218 487224 494230
      497231 501230 508224 516218 523212 530206 539192
 0.01 488073 487070 485068 484065 482062 480062 478064 476066
      474069 472071 473076 474079 476081 480081 482079 484078
      486075 488073
 0.01 351188 350185 345182 346176 345171 343166 341166 341170
      342175 344180 345185 344191 346194 349192 351188
 0.01 338174 339171 336172 333171 334167 332166 328166 326167
      323167 322169 321173 323176 325177 327179 330180 333180
      335178 337176 338174
 0.01 267782 266777 264775 258770 250769 241767 235766 230766
      228769 228779 228789 226807 229815 231817 233822 236830
      238833 242834 244832 247829 252822 262813 265806 265794
      267782
 0.25 507998 508979 505962 501942 496926 494920 492914 489909
      484904 479901 476895 469880 464869 462863 466858 466853
      464849 459844 454840 449836 442829 437827 431830 425832
      416834 412838 406843 400852 392861 386864 379868 377875
      374881 368891 361901 360904 359909 360914 362916 371926
      379933 383937 386943 390948 396952 407959 411962 418963
      422967 428969 434972 438976 450983 454988 457994 457002
      457013 457024 459030 462040 465047 469050 474048 487046
      492043 498039 501034 503024 505011 507998
 0.25 457101 454091 451088 449088 444087 440086 436085 434090
      434097 436096 441098 443098 443101 444106 442105 440108
      437107 436111 438115 441115 445111 448110 451107 457101
 0.25 453081 453080 453078 451076 450075 448074 446074 446075
      446076 447077 448078 448080 449082 450083 451085 452083
      453081 453081
 0.25 406151 406149 404150 404151 404153 406152 406151
 0.25 399171 400164 396161 392163 388165 385168 384175 382179
      384183 388182 390183 393179 396175 398171 399171
 0.25 387196 385189 386186 381182 378181 375184 371186 366184
      364186 369191 374195 379198 382199 387196
 0.25 306004 306996 305993 302990 298987 295986 290986 284987
      279984 277982 273982 268986 266991 265995 264999 260003
      256009 255012 256016 259021 265023 272022 284018 296014
      302011 306006 306004
 0.25 260787 260781 258776 253776 247777 239781 236783 234788
      234798 236808 238812 242815 248812 254806 257799 259789
      260787
 0.50 502993 503983 502974 499957 495950 491944 485940 480941
      476939 473935 471927 469919 467913 462906 458901 454894
      450887 444877 439873 436871 432872 425875 417875 409879
      400878 391873 389872 386872 382877 381880 381884 385888
      392895 398894 404892 409891 416891 416898 414907 414913
      416916 416922 414926 409925 405925 400928 398930 396928
      388918 383913 380912 376912 373915 373919 377925 386932
      391935 398936 404938 411935 415934 418935 426936 431938
      436940 438948 439959 440962 443965 447969 455974 460977
      465980 471982 474987 476996 465021 467027 471032 472035
      476035 481032 486027 488025 491025 495023 497019 500008
      502993
 0.50 379194 377193 376193 375193 376194 377194 379194
 0.50 255789 254784 250783 246785 243787 239789 237794 238800
      239803 243806 247804 250802 252798 254793 255789
 1.00 496985 496982 495981 494980 492981 491982 490983 490982
      489982 487982 487985 489986 490987 490988 492989 494990
      495987 496985
 1.00 464930 464924 460918 454911 451907 446905 439897 436897
      432900 429903 426909 425914 429919 432918 436916 442915
      447918 450920 454924 459932 463932 464930

24HR QP VT 27/12Z
 0.01 544163 543157 542149 540137 532128 526121 520114 512113
      509119 506121 502120 498117 491111 485103 482097 481092
      481087 485085 488081 492076 494071 503055 506042 510032
      512027 513023 514020 516012 517004 520992 522979 523975
      524967 526954 528942 531928 533916 536904 537890 540878
      542855 537829 536823 536818 534812 533803 532801 531795
      528780 528773 529767 531756 532750 530746 516709 512699
      509694 505691 492681 477671 473667 469666 466666 461668
      451671 447673 443676 440680 437684 432690 426698 423701
      422708 422716 420721 418725 410740 407745 408750 411754
      413760 412766 409770 405771 401774 392780 383786 376791
      370797 359812 354819 349826 343834 341838 341843 343845
      349845 355839 360833 363830 367827 372829 374826 376821
      379817 383815 384823 386837 376853 360861 354879 349886
      343895 338902 334910 329916 326918 322919 312923 303926
      298936 292945 283958 277966 275969 269970 256970 254973
      253978 249988 249994 250997 253004 254010 252014 248020
      246024 246028 255033 262038 265038 271036 279032 287030
      291039 294042 297040 307040 312034 314030 315028 317027
      325025 332021 340016 348010 352008 356007 367008 373008
      378010 379017 378024 376030 373034 369038 370043 370047
      369050 366054 363058 361062 360065 363068 368075 373083
      375088 375092 374094 370097 369092 361085 353084 351088
      353093 356098 361103 364103 366106 370104 374103 377103
      372115 367117 364121 364123 367124 370124 372126 373138
      373143 375147 376151 377155 374156 363154 361156 362159
      365163 368166 371168 375167 378167 380169 380173 378175
      369174 365175 360174 354180 359186 366191
 0.01 366191 387206 393208 399208 394198 391192 384188 392181
      402176 408174 413172 417170 420167 421164 422155 423145
      423139 427137 431133 434133 434138 436155 441159 446160
      450163 455161 460158 463159 465157 477154 479153 483153
      487154 488157 488163 486173 483178 482186 483193 487200
      488203 486205 481206 476208 472211 467214 465216 461215
      456216 450219 448220 448224 453226 455228 454231 452239
      454242 457242 459241 460245 462251 468257 471258 474257
      478254 482250 483249 485251 490256 493261 497267 500274
      502275 504272 507267 513256 519244 527231 529212 538180
      544163
 0.01 471996 470993 470989 470979 470969 469962 466947 465942
      464939 464934 462933 460935 457940 455947 451959 447974
      447978 445981 445990 445000 448002 451002 460996 471996
 0.01 390096 389093 387094 385095 387097 388097 390096
 0.01 387097 385095 383095 382097 383099 385099 387097
 0.01 306740 305735 301735 294739 284746 272754 260761 246768
      237775 232781 230786 226799 224803 224808 225812 227815
      230821 234824 236828 239830 242831 245831 249831 252828
      256824 261819 264813 266807 268805 272806 285809 291810
      289805 278797 280790 284785 291774 294767 297762 303750
      306740
 0.25 532170 532156 531144 529140 525139 517138 510139 507139
      505143 501153 497164 495169 496174 499178 501182 500197
      501209 501214 498218 495221 494225 498228 501225 504224
      507227 510229 512229 514223 516209 520199 525190 529181
      532170
 0.25 519845 519840 517836 512831 505829 501830 498832 496835
      494839 494844 496848 500853 501865 503875 503885 499894
      497902 496908 497912 502917 505915 506911 510903 513895
      515887 516876 517866 519845
 0.25 505988 506975 504967 501962 499962 495967 487982 486993
      486005 486017 486025 484037 480044 479049 481052 483055
      486055 492051 495045 499037 501029 504018 504006 505988
 0.25 476810 475800 471791 469784 466780 463779 459780 457783
      454790 451799 452806 457813 463817 469818 472818 475816
      476810
 0.25 444754 443749 438750 434748 431750 430755 432759 433764
      433766 436768 438765 441761 443757 444754
 0.25 435954 435942 434930 432910 432904 431900 427893 419881
      415874 412870 408868 403866 399865 395865 391866 386870
      378869 372872 368878 366883 363885 357900 355903 352905
      346910 339920 332924 327930 324937 320943 312945 305947
      295954 292956 290959 285966 277976 272981 268986 269993
      271999 275006 280012 295016 301019 305021 310020 316019
      322015 333004 338000 343997 350993 356991 364990 373990
      382991 385990 389991 393997 395006 391025 386040 385046
      386052 389060 392063 396063 401059 406056 410050 413040
      415031 411026 411021 413017 415008 417997 419989 422983
      426978 430971 433962 435954
 0.25 409108 410105 410103 409102 408102 407103 406105 405105
      406105 407107 409108 409108
 0.25 377965 375961 373958 372955 370949 365952 361955 357958
      357961 361963 364962 365965 363972 368971 373970 377967
      377965
 0.25 350965 350963 349965 350965 350965
 0.25 262792 262787 261784 259779 260776 255778 250778 246780
      241785 237790 237795 239799 243804 246806 250806 257801
      261797 262792
 0.50 523179 524176 523173 522171 520173 518175 517177 516179
      515182 515185 516185 517186 519186 521184 521183 522181
      523181 523179
 0.50 423952 419932 419922 420912 420905 418900 414894 412891
      408891 404892 398893 394901 392892 391887 390881 389877
      385877 378880 375881 374885 369890 362895 361900 363903
      364906 367907 364912 365915 371915 380915 384915 387917
      387924 383945 382953 384961 387977 393981 396988 403993
      408000 411007 412001 413996 413992 415983 420966 423952
 0.50 408045 409038 408033 405028 402026 398029 396033 394036
      392042 391048 391051 393052 399052 402051 406048 408045
 0.50 344982 345978 343976 341971 339965 338958 339951 343946
      342942 339938 335941 331945 321948 303959 292962 285970
      280980 278985 278993 282003 285008 290008 295006 298008
      300013 303018 307018 311018 316016 320013 323010 335992
      342987 344982
 0.50 256787 254785 252785 248786 247787 243789 241790 241793
      242795 245797 248797 251797 253795 255792 255789 256787
 1.00 413959 413953 413947 409940 403937 399936 396938 392945
      389954 391959 393962 397968 401975 403977 407977 409975
      410970 412961 413959
 1.00 330980 327979 324979 323980 323975 324967 323960 319956
      314960 305968 299977 298984 295991 297996 302000 306004
      305011 306014 310014 315011 320007 324001 326995 328987
      330980
 1.00 294977 294976 293975 292973 290973 289972 288972 288974
      286976 285979 284981 284983 283985 284987 286986 287985
      288984 289983 290982 291981 292980 293979 294977 294977
 1.50 411956 411949 409946 405944 400944 396946 395952 394956
      396960 399963 402966 404967 407966 409963 410957 411956
 1.50 322001 323995 321992 317986 317977 318974 317969 314967
      310968 306973 303981 302989 306996 308998 309002 308008
      311009 316006 322001 322001
 2.00 407956 407954 407952 405950 403949 402950 400950 399952
      399954 400956 400957 401959 402960 403961 405960 406959
      407957 407956
 2.00 320001 319994 317992 313992 310990 310986 311981 312975
      308976 306981 307988 308992 310992 312998 312003 313005
      318003 320001

$$




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