Quantitative Precipitation Forecast
Issued by NWS

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000
FXUS04 KWBC 022053
QPFPFD

QUANTITATIVE PRECIPITATION FORECAST DISCUSSION
NWS WEATHER PREDICTION CENTER COLLEGE PARK MD
452 PM EDT WED SEP 02 2015


PRELIM DAY 1...DAY 2 AND DAY 3 QPF DISCUSSION
VALID SEP 03/0000 UTC THRU SEP 06/0000 UTC
REFERENCE AWIPS GRAPHICS UNDER...PRECIP ACCUM - 24HR

DAY 1...

...PACIFIC NORTHWEST...

THERE WILL BE LITTLE MOVEMENT OF THE LARGE SCALE TROUGH AXIS ALONG
THE WEST COAST THROUGH THURSDAY...BUT THE DOWNSTREAM RIDGE WILL
SHOW FURTHER AMPLIFICATION AND A SHORTWAVE WILL CARRY HEIGHT FALLS
THROUGH THE EASTERN SIDE OF THE TROUGH...IN THE ENTRANCE REGION OF
A STRENGTHENING UPPER JET. THUS...IN ADDITION TO THE SHOWERY
REGIME IN WESTERN WASHINGTON...A SWATH OF ORGANIZED PRECIPITATION
IS FORECAST ACROSS NORTHERN IDAHO AND WESTERN
MONTANA...ESSENTIALLY ALONG THE BROAD 850-600 MB FRONTAL ZONE AS
THE ASSOCIATED SURFACE FRONT PUSHES INTO THE PLAINS AND GREAT
BASIN. OUR BIAS-CORRECTED ENSEMBLE IS ON THE DRY SIDE...BUT
SEVERAL DETERMINISTIC MODELS PRODUCE SPOTS OF 0.75-INCH PLUS
PRECIPITATION IN NW WA / ID / MT. WPC QPF IS SOMEWHERE IN
BETWEEN...WITH 0.50 INCH AREAL AVERAGE FORECAST IN
SPOTS...EMBEDDED WITHIN MORE WIDESPREAD 0.25 INCH AREAS. THIS
NOTION IS SUPPORTED BY THE GEFS REFORECAST...ANALOG...DATA ACROSS
ID/MT...ALTHOUGH THAT TOOL IS DRIER OVER WESTERN WASHINGTON.
OVERALL WE INTRODUCED VERY LITTLE CHANGE TO CONTINUITY OVER THIS
REGION.


...UPPER MIDWEST...

THUNDERSTORMS PRODUCING HEAVY RAIN RATES WILL OCCUR AHEAD OF A
COMPACT MID LEVEL TROUGH...BUT ALSO IMMEDIATELY BEHIND THE TROUGH
IN AN AREA OF ENHANCED LOW LEVEL INFLOW. THE TROUGH WILL TRACK
FROM THE VICINITY OF THE MN/WI BORDER EARLY WEDNESDAY AFTERNOON TO
LOWER MICHIGAN BY THURSDAY MORNING...WITH THE LEADING THUNDERSTORM
ACTIVITY MIGRATING ALONG A LOOSELY DEFINED WARM FRONT FROM THE
WESTERN END OF LAKE SUPERIOR DOWN TO LOWER MICHIGAN. THE TRAILING
ACTIVITY WILL REDEVELOP EASTWARD AND SOUTHEASTWARD FROM EAU CLAIR
WISCONSIN TOWARD NORTHERN INDIANA. MANY OF THE MODEL FORECASTS
WERE THOUGHT TO NOT BE PROGRESSIVE ENOUGH...AND LIKELY DISPLAY A
SLIGHT NORTHWARD BIAS TO THEIR QPF. WPC BLENDED THE PREVIOUS
FORECAST TOWARD THE 12Z GFS AND 12Z WRF-ARW. THE GFS WAS MORE
PROGRESSIVE AND MORE LIBERAL WITH THE SOUTHWARD EXTENT OF
PRECIPITATION...BUT IT DID BECOME PROBABLY TOO DRY BY THURSDAY
AFTERNOON.

GENERALLY THE SHORT WAVELENGTH OF THE MID LEVEL TROUGH...ALONG
WITH REASONABLY STRONG DOWNDRAFT CAPE...SHOULD PROMOTE FORWARD
PROGRESSION...AND ACT AGAINST FLASH FLOODING...ALTHOUGH
PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES NEAR 1.5 INCHES WILL SUPPORT BRIEF
STRONG RAIN RATES. THE GREATEST CONCERN FOR FLASH FLOODING MAY BE
WITH THE NARROW BANDS OF CONVECTION WHICH FORM ON THE TRAILING
SIDE OF THE TROUGH...IN THE BETTER LOW LEVEL INFLOW. ONE SUCH BAND
HAD SET UP WEDNESDAY AFTERNOON IN WESTERN WISCONSIN.


...GULF COAST...

A SMALL SCALE CIRCULATION EMBEDDED IN A MID LEVEL TROUGH HAD
FLARED UP WITH CONVECTION FOR A SECOND STRAIGHT MORNING ALONG THE
TEXAS GULF COAST. GALVESTON MEASURED A RAPID ACCUMULATION OF MORE
THAN 2 INCHES OF RAIN IN THE EARLY MORNING HOURS BEFORE OUTFLOW
PUSHED THE CONVECTION OFFSHORE. HEAVY...EFFICIENT RAINFALL WAS
ALSO NOTED ALONG THE LOUISIANA COAST FARTHER UP THE LENGTH OF THE
TROUGH AXIS...AND AGAIN WITHIN A WEAK ONSHORE FLOW COMPONENT AT
LOW LEVELS. THE LARGER SCALE MID LEVEL TROUGH WILL REMAIN IN
PLACE...STUCK INSIDE A MEAN RIDGE POSITION...BUT IT WILL START TO
FRACTURE AS RIDGING OVER THE GULF BRIDGES TO RIDGING IN THE PLAINS
STATES TO FORM A COL POSITION OVER SOUTHERN LOUISIANA. THIS WILL
FAVOR PROLONGED WEAK ASCENT OVER LOUISIANA...CAPABLE OF SUPPORTING
HEAVY RAIN THROUGH TONIGHT. ALONG THE TEXAS PORTION OF THE TROUGH
THE SMALL CIRCULATION MAY NOT PERSIST IN ITS PRESENT FORM...BUT
PERSISTENT ONSHORE FLOW SHOULD AGAIN FAVOR ISOLATED
HEAVY RAINFALL WEDNESDAY NIGHT. WPC USED A COMBINATION OF THE 12Z
NSSL WRF...GEM REGIONAL...AND GLOBAL MODEL CONSENSUS TO DERIVE THE
QPF IN THIS REGION.


...SOUTHWEST...

A MONSOONAL PLUME HAD BECOME FIRMLY ESTABLISHED IN BETWEEN A GREAT
PLAINS RIDGE CENTER AND A DEEPENING TROUGH ALONG THE WEST COAST.
WEDNESDAY AND WEDNESDAY NIGHT AGAIN HOLD POTENTIAL TO BE
ACTIVE...ESPECIALLY WITHIN THE PLUME OF 1.25 TO 1.65 INCH PW
VALUES OVER CENTRAL AND EASTERN ARIZONA AND WESTERN NEW
MEXICO...BUT ALSO POTENTIALLY EXTENDING TOWARD SE UT / SW CO WHERE
PW VALUES WILL APPROACH 1.00 INCH. THERE IS SOME WEAK CONNECTION
TO HIGH ALTITUDE MOISTURE STREAMING NORTHWARD FROM TROPICAL
DEPRESSION 14-E. MODELS DIFFER IN THE DETAILS...BUT ALL FORECAST
ENHANCEMENT OF MID LEVEL CYCLONIC VORTICITY ACROSS EASTERN AZ
TODAY...WITH AN EVENTUAL TRACK OF THE RESULTING SHORTWAVE TOWARD
THE FOUR CORNERS. THIS MAY ORGANIZE PRECIPITATION ONTO LARGER
SCALES...MAKE IT MORE PERSISTENT OVER A GIVEN LOCATION...AND
ENHANCE INFLOW NEAR THE TOP OF THE BOUNDARY LAYER. UNIDIRECTIONAL
FLOW IN THE CLOUD LAYER ALSO ARGUES FOR SOME TRAINING. THE MODEL
PRECIPITATION SIGNAL IS NOT PARTICULARLY STRONG IN THIS REGION IN
TERMS OF MAXIMUM AMOUNTS...BUT SEVERAL MODELS ARE GENEROUS WITH
COVERAGE OF AT LEAST 0.25 INCH PRECIPITATION...AND MANY OF THE
INGREDIENTS ARE IN PLACE FOR AN ORGANIZED FLASH FLOOD RISK ON
LOCAL SCALES. WPC QPF TRENDED TOWARD THE 12Z GFS AND NAM...BUT
ULTIMATELY MADE LITTLE CHANGE TO CONTINUITY.



DAYS 2/3...

...GREAT LAKES/CENTRAL APPALACHIANS...

STRENGTHENING SOUTHWESTERLY FLOW AMPLIFIES THE LARGE SCALE RIDGE
ACROSS THE MISSISSIPPI VALLEY INTO THE NORTHERN GREAT LAKES
REDUCES FLOW IN VICINITY OF A WEAK SHORTWAVE THAT IS MOVING
THROUGH THE WESTERN GREAT LAKES INTO MICHIGAN BY THE START OF DAY
2.  GUIDANCE REMAINS GENERALLY SPLIT WITH THE 12Z ECMWF/CMC
GLOBAL/UKMET ALONG WITH SOME HI-RESOLUTION MODEL SOLUTIONS SUCH AS
THE 12Z GEM REGIONAL SUPPORT A STRONGER/CONSOLIDATED FEATURE WITH
ONGOING CONVECTION ROLLING RAPIDLY EASTWARD INTO LOWER MI BY
MORNING FRIDAY.  WHILE THE 12Z GFS/NAM ARE WEAKER AND MORE SHEARED
OUT FOCUSING CONVECTION ALONG THE SOUTHERN BOUNDARY.  A BLEND
TOWARD THE 12Z GFS/NAM IS CONTINUED BUT WITH SOME BLENDING OF THE
OTHER CAMP GIVEN CONSISTENCY.  STILL WITH WEAKENED FLOW AND NO
REFRESH OF MOISTURE... THE FEATURE LINGERS AROUND THE GREAT LAKES
WITH LIKELY ISOLATED CONVECTION CONVERGED ON BOUNDARIES REINFORCED
BY EARLIER CONVECTION OR THE LAKES.

FURTHER EAST...A BACKDOOR COLD FRONT ACCOMPANIES THE UPPER LEVEL
SHEAR AXIS THAT EXTENDS ACROSS THE APPALACHIANS BACK TO THE
SHORTWAVE ACROSS THE SOUTHERN LAKES. A NARROW RIBBON OF MOISTURE
AND ONSHORE FLOW SHOULD FOCUS CONVECTION ALONG COASTAL BOUNDARIES
WITH ENHANCED ONSHORE CONVERGENCE AS WELL AS FAVORED OROGRAPHY
ACROSS THE NORTHERN APPALACHIANS.  THIS FOCUS EVENTUALLY SHIFTS
SOUTH INTO THE CAROLINAS/N GEORGIA BY THE END OF THE DAY 3. SOME
ENHANCED PROBABILITIES OF QPF EXIST ACROSS THE COASTAL
PLAIN/PIEDMONT AS THE FRONTAL ZONE PASSES OBVIOUSLY ENHANCED BY
MID-AFTERNOON/EVENING WITH THE PEAK HEATING/INCREASED
INSTABILITIES SOUTH OF THE FRONT.


...FOUR CORNERS REGION...

A PAIR OF WEAK SHORTWAVE LIFT OUT OF NORTHWEST MEXICO HELPING TO
SPAWN WIDESPREAD CONVECTION FOCUSED ACROSS HIGHER TERRAIN OF THE
SOUTHWEST PARTICULARLY EASTERN/CENTRAL AZ WESTERN NM INTO CO.
SOME INCREASED MOISTURE REMAINS IN THE AREA...BUT DEEPEST MOISTURE
IS NOT BEING TAPPED WITH THIS WEAK SHORTWAVE EXCEPT LIKELY AT
HIGHER LEVELS (6H-3H).  A BLEND OF THE 12Z NAM/GFS/ECMWF CONTINUES
TO BE IN GOOD AGREEMENT ESPECIALLY WITH SOLID ENSEMBLE SUPPORT
THROUGHOUT THE MONSOONAL AXIS AND EVEN THOUGH THE GFS REMAINS A
BIT MORE ROBUST...THIS HINTS AT A CONTINUED SHORT-TERM FLASH FLOOD
THREAT PARTICULARLY WITH INCREASED LOW TO MID-LEVEL FLOW WITH THE
SHORTWAVE PASSAGE FRIDAY (05/00Z).


...PACIFIC NORTHWEST/NORTHERN ROCKIES/NORTHERN PLAINS/UPPER
MIDWEST...

ACROSS THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST/NORTHERN ROCKIES...THE DEEP UPPER
TROUGH WILL CONTINUE TO PROVIDE BROAD LEVEL ASCENT UNDER STRONG
DIVERGENCE ALOFT...FOR GOOD DEFORMATIONAL SHIELD PRECIPITATION AS
THE JET STREAK EXITS AND WEAK RIDGING BUILDS IN ACROSS
MT...ALLOWING FOR A PERSISTENT SW-NE ORIENTED AXIS OF INCREASED
PRECIP FROM FAR NE CA/SOUTH CENTRAL OR THROUGH WESTERN MT. A BLEND
OF THE 12Z ECMWF/GFS HANDLED THIS SCENARIO WELL THOUGH THE
OPERATIONAL 12Z ECMWF APPEARED A BIT TOO HEAVY AND WEST BY DAY 3
AND WAS ADJUSTED DOWN A BIT MORE THERE.

FURTHER EAST ACROSS EASTERN MT/NORTHERN PLAINS....THE DEEPENING
TROUGH DRAWS A FEW SHORTWAVES OUT OF THE SOUTHWESTERLY FLOW.  THE
TIMING OF THE FIRST ON FRIDAY NIGHT/SATURDAY MORNING INCREASES
SOUTHERLY LLJ INCREASING PWATS INTO THE 1.75" RANGE AND GOOD
DIVERGENCE ALOFT ALONG A NEARLY STATIONARY FRONTAL ZONE...TO
DEVELOPED A HIGHLY EFFICIENT CONVECTIVE COMPLEX TO STRADDLE THE
US/CANADA BOARDER.  THE 12Z ECMWF SHIFTED SLIGHTLY EAST TOWARD THE
12Z GFS PROVIDING A BIT MORE CONFIDENCE IN THE LOCATION/MAGNITUDE
OF THE QPF AREAL AVERAGE ALSO TOWARD LOWER FFG...TO ALLOW FOR A
EASTWARD SHIFT TO ENCOMPASS THE NORTHERN RED RIVER BASIN WITHIN
THE SLIGHT RISK OF EXCESSIVE RAINFALL FOR DAY 3.

SATURDAY...INCREASED 35KT PLUS RETURN SOUTHEASTERLY 850MB WITHIN
BROAD ASCENT REGION OF CONVEYOR BELT/WRAP AROUND SHOULD ALLOW FOR
EXPANSION OF MODERATE DEFORMATIONAL ZONE SHOWERS ACROSS N MT/E MT.
 THE 12Z ECMWF APPEARS A BIT QUICK IN DRYING OUT AND EJECTING THE
BASE OF THE TROF...AS THE SOUTHWESTERLY FLOW SHORTWAVE IS PLACED
FURTHER EAST THAN THE 12Z GFS...  STILL A BLEND OF THE TWO BUT
RETAINING THE IN TIMING AND PLACEMENT SEEMS FAIR... WITH THE NEXT
EVENINGS CONVECTIVE COMPLEX TO DEVELOP OUT OF NW SD IN THE SPLIT
IN THE NORTHERN AND SUBTROPICAL JET FLOWS.   NORTHEAST MT INTO ND
BARES WATCHING FOR FLASH FLOODING POTENTIAL THOUGH DIFFERENCES
REDUCES CONFIDENCE ENOUGH IN SPECIFIC LOCATION TO INTRODUCE A
SLIGHT RISK OF EXCESSIVE RAINFALL AT THIS TIME.


...GULF COAST/SOUTHEASTERN U.S...

THE WEAK CIRCULATION FROM FORMER TROPICAL CYCLONE ERIKA WILL
REMAIN OVER THE SARGASSO SEA WELL NORTH OF THE BAHAMAS AND EAST OF
CAROLINAS/GEORGIA/FLORIDA THOUGH LEAVING A BROAD WEAK LOW LEVEL
TROF ACROSS THE NORTHERN GULF INTO NORTHERN FLORIDA WITH SOME
POOLED MOISTURE WITH TOTAL PWATS IN THE 1.75 TO 2.0" RANGE. THIS
SHOULD INVOKE MORE TYPICAL DIURNAL SEA-BREEZE CONVECTIVE REGIME
ACROSS THE COASTAL ZONES FROM THE WESTERN GULF TO FLORIDA.  BY DAY
3...INFLUENCES FROM WEAK SHEAR AXIS DROPPING FROM THE NORTHEAST
AND INCREASING EASTERLY FLOW SHOULD FOCUS ONSHORE LOW LEVEL FLOW
FROM COASTAL GA AND EASTERN FL...WITH THE POTENTIAL FOR MORE
INCREASED COVERAGE AND INTENSITY OF  CONVECTION AS THE ENHANCED
FORCING CROSSES PENINSULA BY THE END OF THE PERIOD.  THIS IS
SUPPORTED BY A GENERAL MODEL BLEND WITH INCREASED WEIGHTING ON THE
12Z GFS/ECMWF.


BURKE/GALLINA


GRAPHICS AVAILABLE ON THE WEB AT WWW.WPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV



24HR QP VT 04/00Z
 0.01 528247 527243 522242 517242 516239 517235 520229 525228
      534223 536218 539211 540206 541195 541181 540174 538169
      535158 530147 528140 525134 521130 516128 511128 507129
      503132 498132 495132 493129 497123 499119 502116 506114
      511113 514111 518107 523094 524086 526084 526078 525072
      523068 518067 515072 512077 509081 505078 502080 500082
      497084 495082 492083 486083 476084 463084 459088 455091
      453093 447094 441093 437094 433095 429099 446128 444133
      441135 442141 442149 443155 442162 433166 425170 421173
      419177 416181 415190 413197 411207 415210 419210 418223
      422222 425219 429216 432211 436209 438204 441198 443194
      453189 461181 463178 465171 468167 472165 476161 477159
      480160 481163 484166 483171 486182 488187 489193 488197
      487200 483203 472206 468210 464212 461214 457215 447216
      442216 437218 435223 440225 442227 448227 453226 454231
      451232 441235 438239 439246 439253 443257 452258 456258
      461260 477272 489295 492300 497303 501302 505301 508297
      510291 510284 513280 515275 517272 520271 528247
 0.01 476694 475680 473665 471658 468653 465650 461651 458660
      459675 460682 460689 459696 456698 451704 449699 446696
      438694 431696 426699 423701 420704 416714 413724 412729
      413737 415750 415757 414762 412767 410772 412777 413781
      411784 407792 407796 405797 401794 397786 395782 392779
      389778 385780 377784 371791 368795 365801 361809 359814
      355816 347822 341827 339836 339843 341847 343849 349850
      355848 359844 367839 375835 379838 381842 383849 385853
      391857 393864 395872 398881 395898 394911 391930 389947
      392958 398953 403937 407926 411921 417913 420911 423910
      425911 432914 437913 441911 444909 447909 450908 452906
      456901 460896 461890 463878 463864 462849 458840 450834
      444825 439818 437815 435812 436809 436794 436788 440791
      442793 447793 453787 460780 464770 464762 465756 467744
      467738 470733 474725 476717 476709 476700 476694
 0.01 430025 430021 429018 426012 424010 420010 416010 413012
      404020 395030 392034 388039 381042 378043 375042 372041
      369043 366048 363049 358047 353045 347043 340042 332043
      325045 317045 313047 311049 310054 310059 312062 315067
      315072 312074 296071 267070 262068 254068 250069 250074
      253079 257084 261088 270096 275100 276102 279103 283099
      285094 290094 297095 301096 304097 300102 299105 298109
      300116 303121 309125 311127 316127 324128 327129 330128
      342133 346131 350126 355127 358126 363123 368118 372113
      373103 374100 377099 381099 383097 387093 397084 402081
      408079 414076 416074 418071 421067 422057 420055 415053
      409051 405049 403047 407042 419037 426032 430025
 0.01 411108 410098 408093 402099 398104 391106 385110 381115
      380120 381124 385125 388123 392119 398115 405112 408111
      410108 411108
 0.01 377776 376770 371768 367765 363760 357754 349747 340746
      335748 329751 325753 321757 308760 303768 301773 298779
      290784 280789 268791 257787 246785 241787 238791 236796
      238799 248803 254802 258799 261800 260801 256804 250806
      251809 249814 252818 260823 270825 275826 278828 278830
      286838 295841 300843 301848 302853 305856 309860 312865
      319860 322850 320844 321839 324825 327815 330810 333811
      337808 340804 345792 347788 352785 359784 364786 368787
      373783 377776
 0.01 316939 316919 316910 314903 312896 307890 302888 299882
      295878 292876 288875 281877 278883 275888 273896 273902
      275910 280923 282930 280937 272947 263954 252961 248965
      248972 250974 254975 261977 274976 277981 283985 294981
      303971 309960 313948 316939
 0.01 261004 258998 254992 250987 244982 237981 234982 232985
      232995 234003 238009 241010 245011 248012 252012 257008
      261004
 0.25 533187 534182 533176 530170 526163 524155 521148 516144
      513143 510146 508154 498161 494166 493170 493176 493179
      495182 502184 508188 513193 520207 521209 525209 528204
      528188 532188 533187
 0.25 524184 525182 525179 525177 525175 524174 523173 522171
      520170 519169 518169 517172 516174 516177 516178 517180
      517182 517183 519183 521184 522185 524184 524184
 0.25 514158 514155 512155 513158 514158
 0.25 504234 503223 500216 496210 489210 482211 477214 475216
      474221 477223 477226 467237 464244 467250 469253 472254
      475253 477250 484250 487248 488244 488241 486237 482235
      483232 487228 493233 496236 499238 504234
 0.25 488136 488123 485122 482122 477124 473126 469131 461141
      457143 454147 450153 448160 449168 453171 457169 461165
      465162 470159 476149 485141 488136
 0.25 450741 449738 447738 442737 439736 435736 432740 431745
      432752 433759 436761 438762 441760 443757 444752 446746
      448743 450741
 0.25 442711 441706 440706 436707 435709 433711 432713 429716
      428719 430723 432724 434725 435725 438722 440720 441717
      442713 442711
 0.25 454874 455867 454859 453854 451850 446841 442834 430820
      425820 421823 416830 421837 424841 424848 424853 420857
      415863 412873 411885 410890 410894 415895 418898 422899
      427897 432891 435889 441887 444887 449884 453879 454874
 0.25 406061 406058 403057 397056 391056 388060 384064 381065
      376063 370063 367068 367074 369078 370084 371086 374088
      379087 386081 390082 393079 397074 399069 401064 405062
      406061
 0.25 363776 362772 360769 359767 357765 356764 354761 351762
      350764 351766 351769 351773 353774 355775 358777 361777
      363776
 0.25 343098 342092 339087 334085 330090 326094 322093 321090
      317089 313092 309098 307104 308111 311117 316118 321117
      322111 330110 340111 341109 339107 336102 341103 343098
 0.25 322788 320778 318774 315770 312770 309773 305780 298787
      291793 286798 276801 266804 260807 258810 259813 262817
      266818 272816 279813 288814 290816 292822 294826 298826
      300823 305823 307825 312824 317817 319808 322788
 0.25 304085 304083 301081 298080 294080 290079 287079 283079
      280080 283082 284083 288084 292085 295085 299086 303086
      304085
 0.25 301914 300905 298897 295889 289885 284891 283895 282899
      283906 285914 290931 291939 288945 284952 281960 281966
      286967 288964 296953 298950 299945 299935 299924 300916
      301914
 0.25 278092 278090 277086 277084 274081 272081 270081 268083
      265084 267087 269088 271089 273092 275094 278094 278092
 0.25 252002 251998 249996 248994 246992 244991 240990 237991
      236993 236997 238999 240001 242003 245004 247004 249004
      252002
 0.50 507177 507174 507172 507171 507169 506167 504167 503166
      501167 500167 499168 498169 497170 497172 496174 497176
      497177 498178 500179 501179 503179 505179 507177 507177
 0.50 497229 497227 497226 496223 496222 495220 493219 492219
      491219 491220 492222 493223 494225 494226 495228 496228
      497231 497229
 0.50 489219 488217 487216 485216 483216 483217 481218 481219
      483220 484221 486221 488221 488220 489219
 0.50 479238 479236 478234 476235 475237 475238 477239 478239
      479238
 0.50 467155 469152 468150 467150 466150 464151 463151 462152
      461153 460155 460157 461157 463157 465157 467155 467155
 0.50 450867 448861 445853 441847 439839 435834 431830 429827
      427827 427830 428841 430849 432857 431861 427862 422865
      418871 416877 415882 416886 422889 424891 427890 431885
      435880 442878 448875 450869 450867
 0.50 380078 381076 381074 380072 380070 379069 378068 376067
      376066 375066 373066 372066 372068 373069 373071 373073
      373075 373077 374080 375082 377082 379080 380078
 0.50 339095 338093 337092 336093 336094 337095 338096 339095
 0.50 319791 318786 316782 312784 309786 304788 300790 295796
      292800 292803 298804 301806 302808 299812 299816 302817
      304814 307813 310814 314811 315807 317797 319791
 0.50 319104 318101 318100 316101 314103 315104 317104 319104
 0.50 314105 314104 312104 312105 314105 314105
 0.50 295912 296908 295903 294901 293897 292895 291893 288893
      286895 286900 286904 287908 288911 289914 291916 293917
      295914 295912
 0.50 278807 277805 274804 270805 267806 265808 264810 263813
      265815 268815 271814 273813 275811 278809 278807

24HR QP VT 05/00Z
 0.01 555966 556949 552937 551932 552925 547917 544908 538902
      535900 532901 524907 514920 508926 501933 493937 485940
      469951 456964 445976 439984 436988 431990 424994 422996
      420001 409014 402018 397025 395029 392033 384033 379031
      369032 359033 344041 336045 333048 329050 327052 326059
      324063 320065 312069 304065 293063 283063 279064 272063
      265059 245050 239047 233046 229049 227052 226058 226064
      226071 232077 239082 247086 253091 266104 298124 308126
      316124 321123 324121 330121 333124 336132 342134 346132
      351124 355124 359121 362112 364108 366106 369106 373105
      377105 386100 388098 391098 395101 396096 398091 406075
      413068 420062 427056 431047 450044 461045 464048 464053
      460062 459067 458072 461084 462091 460097 455097 452094
      444090 439092 437097 438100 441102 441105 437107 435112
      436119 440119 440123 440127 437133 434138 430144 427149
      423151 417157 414160 413167 414171 416171 423167 430161
      436163 443163 448165 447172 443176 439177 436173 433170
      429168 426170 424175 413193 409201 403208 401212 402218
      407226 411233 413236 418239 427243 431240 432236 432233
      434233 437232 446231 464227 470223 478222 480224 479227
      476229 472231 468235 465236 468238 475245 479248 481254
      482259 485263 488271 493280 496284 501286 504284 507279
      505266 504261 501257 498249 493242 483226 488224 491225
      493228 494233 497239 506256 510265 513268 516270 522264
      523257 525253 528236 530218 534208 537203 538194 538186
      538177 538162 538156 536150 533138 531128 528124 527118
      525115 524109 523102 524094
 0.01 524094 527081 528076 530071 533061 535056 536048 536040
      535035 535019 536011 539006 543998 545995 547990 550976
      554968 555966
 0.01 493202 494196 493191 491183 492171 496166 496161 494158
      487154 484156 480156 474158 468160 461161 458164 457169
      461176 461180 459183 453188 451191 451198 454205 459210
      465210 471208 475208 478207 483203 486202 490202 493202
 0.01 472269 474262 472258 470253 465249 456246 452245 449246
      446245 430250 422253 419255 414257 401268 399272 397279
      401289 406296 411299 416298 424295 431292 439287 446283
      461274 468272 472269
 0.01 454083 454081 453078 450075 448073 447070 445070 441069
      441072 443074 444077 446077 448080 449083 451085 452085
      454083
 0.01 457910 445889 443882 442875 440866 440856 440851 441849
      444842 450833 450826 448819 444814 438811 414811 409814
      405817 399827 395842 394848 396856 399871 404885 410894
      417903 426910 431914 436914 441913 448912 450913 453913
      457910
 0.01 432703 430699 426695 423694 422690 418688 412689 408694
      405698 404706 401712 398711 397709 396704 393701 387700
      384703 383710 384717 386719 387724 382752 380757 377759
      374760 370760 368758 363755 354750 345743 336735 329726
      325721 321717 317715 311714 304716 301720 296731 285737
      282742 280746 268769 266780 259789 254793 248796 245805
      245813 247819 249821 250825 254830 260839 262841 262845
      263854 264861 262868 261872 257872 250872 245875 244880
      243887 243891 245894 246926 244933 241938 238943 235948
      231959 231976 233982 232990 232997 234003 240012 249019
      252020 259019 267019 274018 279016 282012 284010 282008
      278005 271004 266003 264000 264995 260991 255988 260984
      262983 266982 272982 278980 285977 288972 290968 297958
      302947 303941 303932 303920 303911 303907 304905 308890
      311884 312878 321870 330864 340859 346857 351859 355859
      359854 370833 377823 380818 385813 394805 400796 402790
      403782 402778 404774 405768 408764 409761 409756 409747
      411742 418731 424720 429711 432703
 0.25 547949 547938 545931 544928 542929 536931 526939 514942
      506944 501947 492954 483964 479970 476977 474984 470991
      467996 463001 461005 462007 467011 473024 478029 482032
      488037 492037 494034 498030 503026 508022 512017 528996
      536986 542973 546962 547949
 0.25 533173 534168 533162 531153 529144 528138 525134 519133
      511128 504126 500124 500118 501105 502094 503084 502078
      500075 496073 493074 488081 485089 480095 468103 462106
      458113 449127 445133 443136 441142 440145 439151 447154
      450153 453151 459147 471140 484133 490131 494130 498133
      503150 513163 522176 525180 528179 532176 533173
 0.25 491068 491066 491063 489062 488062 487063 486064 485065
      485067 484069 484070 483072 483075 482077 483080 484080
      485079 487078 488076 489075 490073 490071 491070 491068
 0.25 433838 433832 433828 430825 427822 418824 412828 408833
      405841 404850 405859 407869 411877 414883 420888 424893
      431897 433898 435895 433885 430876 428867 428860 430850
      433838
 0.25 387801 386797 381798 377799 372799 370800 367804 362811
      355816 353819 353826 358827 361824 367818 372810 374806
      378805 381806 385804 387801
 0.25 387070 383067 379064 373062 370064 366067 362064 358062
      354064 351068 347070 342072 339074 332078 323082 316087
      312088 310085 306076 302074 296072 286073 275071 258063
      249059 239056 235058 233064 235069 240071 249074 254081
      257086 259088 269088 279092 289094 297092 302093 305097
      307107 310110 316112 334115 342116 345114 348110 348103
      345092 358079 360076 365074 369075 372078 373081 377081
      381078 387070
 0.25 317759 316749 314739 310733 308733 305735 299739 295744
      292751 291755 287757 282761 279767 274782 275789 275793
      273796 269800 259801 255802 252806 256813 262817 268820
      274824 278829 280836 286841 294851 298851 300849 301845
      301840 299832 299821 295815 290810 285806 291807 298807
      302806 305804 309799 311792 315776 317767 317759
 0.25 294943 292932 290921 289909 291897 293874 291870 287868
      282869 279872 274879 269886 265895 263900 263907 263919
      261930 258940 254950 251958 251962 253963 259962 276954
      284951 292947 294943
 0.50 543955 543947 541942 538941 534943 528949 520950 512952
      504955 496959 491965 486974 482983 480994 479002 479009
      481012 486013 495012 505012 511008 518002 523996 533980
      537971 541963 543955
 0.50 529172 530167 529163 528156 526148 523144 517141 510141
      508146 509151 513158 517161 521165 523172 525174 527175
      529172
 0.50 488113 488107 485104 478109 471113 467120 464124 461128
      455134 455137 458138 465134 473130 480125 485118 488113
 0.50 424846 423841 422839 417836 412839 411845 411854 412861
      414868 417875 421877 423876 424872 422865 421855 423848
      424846
 0.50 335101 334099 332098 331098 329098 327100 326100 325102
      324102 324104 325104 326105 328106 330106 332106 332105
      334103 335101
 0.50 309756 309749 304747 300750 297754 294758 291761 287770
      281778 281784 283790 285794 288798 293800 299799 303796
      306791 309782 310776 310769 309756
 0.50 269937 269935 268934 268935 266936 266937 266939 268939
      269937
 0.50 263809 262807 261806 259805 258804 256805 256807 256808
      257809 258811 260811 262811 263809
 1.00 530971 529965 523964 514965 510965 505966 497965 494969
      492975 489990 490993 493994 499993 504995 508998 514997
      517994 523985 528976 530971
 1.50 504980 505978 504977 502975 500973 499974 497975 497977
      497980 497982 497983 499983 500983 500982 502982 504980
      504980

24HR QP VT 06/00Z
 0.01 556886 556873 554865 550850 547840 546833 546826 547808
      540794 535783 531776 529772 526772 513780 509781 507784
      506792 504806 503811 502816 500825 498835 496842 492859
      491864 490867 488871 480888 477895 473900 463910 455918
      452923 448930 443937 440944 435949 431953 421958 416964
      411969 405974 401979 398984 394991 389002 381014 373028
      366039 356042 352043 348043 341040 337038 334039 328042
      321054 315062 312066 310066 306067 303065 295062 288063
      281063 274062 264057 252048 242040 235033 233031 230031
      227035 225056 224065 225071 228076 231079 239083 244085
      247089 254096 263104 267107 273110 285112 303123 308124
      314123 317121 320118 323116 327116 331117 334119 336119
      338115 341111 353091 358088 363086 370088 374090 378092
      379097 385091 395087 401074 406067 405064 405061 407058
      406056 405053 402051 401048 401044 405037 409036 413035
      416031 420022 427011 430009 433008 434011 436017 434025
      429041 431047 434050 443047 447050 449055 453064 452068
      450070 448072 446070 443070 441072 444075 445078 444080
      442083 438083 435083 433085 428089 426094 429099 430102
      428103 425105 423103 410091 398108 394112 390114 393119
      399118 407119 410120 413122 421128 425129 427126 434119
      437126 436130 434135 429149 424160 420166 417173 416175
      414180 414184 415186 414191 411194 399206 400212 403217
      410220 414224 419226 425225 437224 443225 448222 455214
      456204 462198 481182 497172 502167 506164 515166 519170
      521167 525158 526153 527150 528139 528130 530123 534109
      538089 537078 535073 535064
 0.01 535064 537059 535058 533045 531040 529039 523038 519030
      514024 509019 507017 508014 511014 515012 517009 523002
      527997 533991 544979 549960 552950 552943 551938 553914
      554906 555903 556887 556886
 0.01 449889 449884 448883 445877 438868 434864 428862 419858
      414856 410856 408859 406859 405863 405871 405878 409884
      418889 425889 430891 437892 443894 446894 449889
 0.01 441854 441846 439844 439839 434830 429821 425819 420817
      414818 409821 406824 404829 405836 407843 413850 422855
      426857 431857 436857 439856 441854 441854
 0.01 275720 272727 271733 268738 267743 266767 263784 258785
      254788 245809 244816 245822 253829 260836 265843 268851
      269862 267878 261886 256898 253903 251909 249915 249922
      247933 245938 242941 235951 232955 231964 232970 235976
      239980 234983 232991 232999 234004 237008 245012 252013
      256011 261009 266006 273005 275003 274000 262994 258990
      254986 250981 247980 248978 256970 263966 266964 269965
      272968 272972 273980 279981 283981 284977 292970 298956
      302950 308949 313945 314941 313935 314929 317925 323924
      327927 332928 332924 330922 326915 321904 317900 313892
      317878 323869 329862 336861 342861 349858 355853 363843
      366839 371835 374832 376826 378817 381812 388803 394795
      398786 401781 400775 398772 396770 394770 387774 381774
      370781 365784 363785 360783 356780 355774 360765 368760
      370754 369745 360735 359733 355733 349733 348736 345737
      339733 336735 335739 335742 333756 330760 326762 316768
      313766 312764 308758 307754 305751 303743 300738 299734
      297731 296728 293726 288724 276718
 0.25 543887 544877 543868 542852 540850 537851 531857 526859
      522862 516871 503888 497895 491903 484919 479930 470936
      454946 446952 443956 441961 440966 440971 441976 440981
      443986 449987 454989 456995 450022 451029 454034 458043
      460052 461063 461081 461090 458094 455096 454103 454117
      453125 450129 445138 442142 441146 440153 441157 445167
      444176 441181 433185 427194 424200 421203 418207 420211
      426213 434212 439210 443206 449198 456192 463186 476169
      486159 490155 494154 500155 504153 508151 511147 514141
      515132 514116 516100 520077 521066 520059 517053 514049
      503031 496026 487022 483020 481017 480012 480007 480999
      480995 482991 485994 487999 490003 494002 502995 512991
      519987 524983 530977 536967 539961 541954 543941 543922
      543912 543904 542899 543893 543887
 0.25 387077 388073 387070 382065 377063 370061 366061 360065
      360069 365074 369077 374080 377082 381081 385078 387077
 0.25 366807 365802 360801 352804 342807 335811 328816 323820
      320821 315819 306817 302810 297805 285794 279777 276780
      275785 271793 269796 265798 258801 254803 253808 255814
      257817 263821 269825 272827 274831 279838 284845 286853
      289862 292867 295870 299871 304870 309865 312862 313858
      313850 316846 319844 328844 332843 338845 345847 352843
      356837 359828 362818 364813 366807
 0.25 358750 358745 357743 353743 350743 348745 347749 346752
      347756 348759 350761 352760 355757 357755 358752 358750
 0.25 355075 356071 353070 347071 340071 335073 332077 329083
      326089 327092 331093 338094 342090 345085 349081 353077
      355075
 0.25 301796 301795 299794 299793 297792 295791 293792 293793
      293795 293797 294798 294799 296799 297799 299799 301798
      301797 301796
 0.25 260076 257069 253064 249058 243054 236051 232053 231057
      231061 233065 237069 243074 248077 252078 256077 260076
 0.50 537891 537880 534874 530873 524878 517888 513896 513900
      512903 508911 505916 497927 490937 484942 479945 472947
      467947 460952 455957 472974 478977 483978 487983 491990
      494992 498991 502989 513982 519978 522975 531963 534957
      536951 537939 537925 536907 537891
 0.50 508099 509080 510067 507060 494035 482031 477030 474031
      469035 466042 465048 465058 466068 471081 474088 479094
      482099 484106 483111 481115 475118 470120 466123 461129
      457135 454141 452147 452150 455154 462151 467149 471146
      476144 485144 497144 503142 504138 505132 505124 506115
      508099
 0.50 472009 473006 472004 472001 472000 470999 468000 468001
      467004 466006 465008 465011 466013 466014 468014 469014
      470013 471011 472009
 0.50 376071 375069 375068 374069 374070 376071 376071
 0.50 306859 306852 305846 303844 300840 297838 293836 291836
      291839 292843 294848 296853 298857 300861 306859 306859
 0.50 276820 274816 271812 269809 265806 261806 258808 258812
      260816 264818 267820 271822 275822 276820
 1.00 529947 530941 529937 528926 529916 529910 528904 525905
      520910 513920 507931 506937 505947 499957 497966 503970
      508970 514968 518965 522960 528949 529947
 1.00 488068 489060 487055 485051 482049 477049 474051 472056
      473062 475066 477069 482072 486070 488068

$$





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