Quantitative Precipitation Forecast
Issued by NWS

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000
FXUS04 KWBC 222045
QPFPFD

QUANTITATIVE PRECIPITATION FORECAST DISCUSSION
NWS WEATHER PREDICTION CENTER COLLEGE PARK MD
441 PM EDT MON AUG 22 2016


FINAL DAY 1...DAY 2 AND DAY 3 QPF DISCUSSION
VALID AUG 23/0000 UTC THRU AUG 26/0000 UTC
REFERENCE AWIPS GRAPHICS UNDER...PRECIP ACCUM - 24HR



DAY 1...

SOUTHERN PLAINS INTO THE LOWER MS VALLEY
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
THE WEAKENING SURFACE FRONTAL BOUNDARY EXTENDING FROM THE SOUTHERN
HIGH PLAINS INTO THE LOWER MS VALLEY IS EXPECTED TO LIFT NORTHEAST
AS A WARM FRONT THROUGH THE SOUTHERN PLAINS DAY 1, WITH THE
CORRESPONDING AXIS OF ABOVE AVERAGE PW VALUES IN THE VICINITY OF
THE BOUNDARY MOVING IN TANDEM.  SHOWERS AND THUNDERSTORMS DEVELOP
THIS PERIOD NEAR AND NORTH OF THE BOUNDARY OVER THE SOUTHERN AND
CENTRAL PLAINS INTO THE LOWER MS VALLEY WHERE 850-700 MB MOISTURE
FLUX ANOMALIES REMAIN ABOVE NORMAL THROUGH THE DAY TUESDAY.
LOCALLY HEAVIER AMOUNTS ARE POSSIBLE FARTHER SOUTHWEST OF THIS
INTO SOUTHWEST TX IN A REGION OF UPPER DIFFLUENCE EAST OF THE
UPPER TROUGH STUCK IN THE SOUTHWESTERN STATES.  THE 18Z WPC QPF
USED A MULTI-MODEL/ENSEMBLE CONSENSUS...INCLUDING THE 12Z WRF ARW
AND NSSL WRF.  GRADIENTS WERE SHARPENED/REFINED FOR THE 00Z WPC
QPF.


SOUTHWEST---SOUTHERN GREAT BASIN
INTO THE SOUTHERN TO CENTRAL ROCKIES
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
A QUASI-STATIONARY AND BROAD UPPER TROUGH EXTENDS FROM SOUTHERN
CALIFORNIA--INTO THE SOUTHWEST---SOUTHERN GREAT BASIN---INTO THE
SOUTHERN TO CENTRAL ROCKIES.  UPPER DIFFLUENCE MAXIMA ASSOCIATED
WITH SEVERAL SHORTWAVES FORECAST TO ROTATE THROUGH THIS CYCLONIC
FLOW WILL SUPPORT ADDITIONAL SCATTERED CONVECTION ACROSS THESE
AREAS.  AREAL AVERAGE LIGHT TO MODERATE TOTALS EXPECTED---WITH
ISOLATED HEAVY TOTALS POSSIBLE IN THE 2-3" RANGE.  THE HIGHER
AMOUNTS FORECAST BY THE MODELS ARE IN THE SAN JUAN MTNS OF
SOUTHWEST CO.  THE 00Z WPC QPF RETAINED EXCELLENT CONTINUITY WITH
THE 18Z WPC QPF HERE.


NORTHERN PLAINS/UPPER MS VALLEY/UPPER GREAT LAKES
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
CONVERGENT FLOW LEADS TO AN ENHANCED LOW LEVEL JET DEVELOPING IN
THE NORTHERN PLAINS IN ADVANCE OF A LOW LEVEL FRONTAL BNDRY.
SHOWERS/THUNDERSTORMS SHOULD DEVELOP TUESDAY IN EASTERN NE/WESTERN
IA AND IN NORTH DAKOTA/NORTHWEST MN AS THE LOW LEVEL MOISTURE
ADVECTION PROVIDES SUFFICIENT MOISTENING AND DIURNAL HEATING LEADS
TO DESTABILIZATION.  SPEED CONVERGENCE ON THE NOSE OF THE LOW
LEVEL JET FAVORS LOCAL MAXIMA NEAR THE IA/NE BORDER, WHICH COULD
BE THE BEGINNINGS OF A CONVECTIVE COMPLEX/MESOSCALE CONVECTIVE
SYSTEM.  SEE SPC CONVECTIVE OUTLOOKS FOR POTENTIAL SEVERE WEATHER
IMPACTS.  LIGHT PRECIP TOTALS ARE FORECAST DOWNSTREAM INTO THE
UPPER LAKES REGION WITHIN A REGION OF WARM/MOIST ADVECTION FROM
850-700 MB.  THE 18Z WPC QPF BLENDED CONTINUITY WITH THE 12Z
MODEL/HIGH RES ENSEMBLE CONSENSUS.  THE 00Z WPC QPF
TIGHTENED/REFINED GRADIENTS SEEN WITHIN THE 18Z WPC QPF.


GA/FL
~~~~~
THE MODELS SHOW A POOL OF HIGH AVAILABLE MOISTURE REMAINING IN
PLACE ACROSS NORTHERN FL TO SOUTHERN GA.  DIURNAL DESTABILIZATION
COMBINED WITH LIFT FROM SEA AND LAKE BREEZES SHOULD GENERATE
SCATTERED SHOWERS/STORMS ACROSS THE REGION.  MODEL SOUNDINGS IN
NORTH FL/SOUTH GA SHOW A LOW LEVEL EAST NORTHEAST TO EAST FLOW
DEVELOPING TUESDAY AFTERNOON...WITH SEA BREEZES MAKING STEADY
INLAND PENETRATION.  BRIEF HEAVY DOWNPOURS ARE EXPECTED WHERE
BNDRY COLLISIONS OCCUR....BUT SHOULD BE LOCALIZED AND BRIEF.  THE
QPF IN THIS AREA BEST MATCHES THE 12Z GFS.  THE 00Z WPC QPF
REFINED THE 18Z PATTERN IN THIS REGION IN AN ATTEMPT TO BATTLE
POTENTIALLY HIGH BIAS.


DAYS 2 AND 3...


CENTRAL PLAINS/MID AND UPPER MS VALLEY
/UPPER GREAT LAKES
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
A CONVECTIVE COMPLEX FORMING ON OR AHEAD OF A FRONTAL BOUNDARY
EXTENDING ACROSS THE CENTRAL PLAINS INTO THE UPPER GREAT LAKES
COULD PRODUCE HEAVY TO EXCESSIVE RAINFALL DURING DAY 2. THERE IS
GENERALLY GOOD MODEL AGREEMENT WITH THE TIMING OF THE CONVECTIVE
COMPLEX OVER THE MID AND UPPER MS VALLEY...AS WELL AS THE MID
LEVEL FORCING MOVING INTO THE UPPER GREAT LAKES. WITH THIS IN
MIND...THE WPC QPF WAS BASED ON A BLEND OF THE 12Z ECMWF/GFS.

A CLOSED MID LEVEL LOW TRACKING FROM SOUTH CENTRAL SASKATCHEWAN
INTO FAR SOUTHWEST ONTARIO DEEPENS LOW PRESSURE FOLLOWING THE SAME
TRACK DURING DAY 2. A COLD FRONT TRAILING THE SURFACE LOW EXTENDS
FROM THE UPPER GREAT LAKES INTO THE CENTRAL PLAINS DURING THIS
TIME. AHEAD OF THE FRONT...A 25 TO 35 KNOT SOUTHERLY LOW LEVEL JET
BECOMES FOCUSED OVER EASTERN NE/IA/NORTHERN MO DURING THE 24/00Z
TO 24/06Z TIME FRAME...TRANSPORTING 1.75 INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER
AIR (WHICH IS ABOUT TWO STANDARD DEVIATIONS ABOVE THE MEAN) ALONG
AND OVER THE FRONTAL BOUNDARY. MODEL SOUNDINGS SHOWED MODERATE TO
STRONG INSTABILITY IN PLACE...AND THERE IS A MULTI MODEL SIGNAL
FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF AN MCS OVER EASTERNMOST NE AND FAR WESTERN
IA (WHICH IS DEPICTED WELL BY THE NAM SIMULATED SATELLITE IMAGERY
OVER THIS AREA). THE 12Z WRF ARW IS A BIT FURTHER SOUTH THAN THE
GLOBAL/REGIONAL MODEL CONSENSUS WITH THE MAXIMUM QPF IS
CONJUNCTION WITH THE MCS ACROSS WESTERN AND SOUTHEAST IA...AS THE
MCS TRACKS ALONG THE BEST INSTABILITY AXIS.

AN AREA OF 1.50 TO 2.25 INCHES OF QPF WAS PLACED ON THIS
AXIS...AND LOCALLY HIGHER AMOUNTS ARE POSSIBLE AS THE CORFIDI
VECTORS BECOME OPPOSED TO 850-300 MB MEAN FLOW...ESPECIALLY ON THE
SOUTH SIDE OF THE COMPLEX. THREE HOUR FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE VALUES
GENERALLY RANGE BETWEEN 2.00 AND 3.00 INCHES...BUT THE POTENTIAL
FOR BACKBUILDING IN A HIGH MOISTURE ENVIRONMENT WARRANTS A SLIGHT
RISK FOR FLASH FLOODING OVER EASTERNMOST NE...IA... NORTHERNMOST
MO AND FAR WEST CENTRAL IL.


SOUTHERN PLAINS INTO THE OH VALLEY
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
A DEEP MOISTURE RIBBON (WITH ITS SOURCE IN THE EASTERN PACIFIC) IS
FUNNELED AHEAD OF A COLD FRONT STRETCHED FROM THE OH VALLEY TO THE
SOUTHERN PLAINS ON DAY 3. THE MOISTURE FEED CONVECTION THAT COULD
PRODUCE HEAVY TO LOCALLY EXCESSIVE RAINFALL ALONG THIS AXIS. THERE
WAS GENERALLY GOOD MODEL AGREEMENT WITH RESPECT TO THE PLACEMENT
OF THE FRONT (AND THE AXIS OF MAXIMUM QPF)...THOUGH THE 12Z ECMWF
MAXIMA WERE A BIT HIGHER THAN THE CONSENSUS. IN AN ATTEMPT TO
MITIGATE SOME OF THE DIFFERENCES...THE WPC QPF WAS BASED ON A
BLEND OF THE 12Z ECMWF/GFS.

AS A POSITIVELY TILTED LONG WAVE TROUGH CROSSES THE NORTHERN AND
CENTRAL ROCKIES DURING DAY 3...EJECTED SHORT WAVE ENERGY RIDES
ALONG AND NORTH OF A FRONTAL BOUNDARY STRETCHING FROM THE OH
VALLEY ACROSS WEST CENTRAL OK INTO FAR WEST TX. ALONG AND AHEAD OF
THE FRONT...A 20 TO 30 KNOT SOUTHWEST FLOW TRANSPORTS 1.50/1.75
INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR FROM THE SOUTHERN PLAINS AND MID MS
VALLEY INTO THE OH VALLEY AND FAR WESTERN PA/NY STATE. MODEL
SOUNDINGS INDICATED THE BEST POOL OF INSTABILITY RESIDING OVER
MO/IL/IN IN THE 25/18Z TO 26/00Z TIME FRAME...AND THE MODERATE TO
STRONG INSTABILITY SHOULD FEED CONVECTIVE CLUSTERS AHEAD OF THE
FRONT. A LONG AXIS OF 0.75 TO 1.25 INCHES OF QPF WAS EXTENDED FROM
NORTHWEST IN ACROSS NORTH CENTRAL MO INTO SOUTHEAST KS AND WEST
CENTRAL OK. CORFIDI VECTORS BECOME BETTER ALIGNED WITH THE MID
LEVEL FLOW ACROSS THIS AREA...SUGGESTING TRAINING (AND LOCALLY
HIGHER QPF AMOUNTS) IS POSSIBLE. WHILE THREE HOUR FLASH FLOOD
GUIDANCE VALUES ARE GENERALLY ABOVE 2.50 INCHES...HIGH RAINFALL
RATES AND THE POTENTIAL FOR TRAINING SHOULD FOSTER A MARGINAL RISK
FOR FLASH FLOODING ACROSS THE REGION.

FURTHER EAST...INSTABILITY IS NOT AS EXTENSIVE ACROSS EASTERN
PORTIONS OF THE OH VALLEY...SO CONVECTIVE CLUSTERS MAY BE LIMITED
HERE. AN AXIS OF 0.50 INCHES OF QPF WAS STRETCHED ACROSS NORTHERN
OH INTO WESTERNMOST NY STATE/WESTERN PA. A HIGH MOISTURE CONTENT
AIRMASS COULD STILL SUPPORT HIGH RAINFALL RATES...AND THE CORFIDI
VECTORS OCCASIONALLY OPPOSE THE MID LEVEL FLOW...SO HIGHER QPF
AMOUNTS ARE POSSIBLE DUE TO BACKBUILDING.


ROCKIES/SOUTHWEST/GREAT BASIN
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
MOISTURE STREAMING AHEAD OF A LONG WAVE TROUGH CROSSING THE
NORTHERN AND CENTRAL ROCKIES WILL FEED CONVECTION ACROSS THE
ROCKIES AND SOUTHWEST STATES DURING DAYS 2 AND 3. IN AREAS WHERE
CONVECTIVE CELL MOTIONS ARE SLOWER...HEAVY TO LOCALLY EXCESSIVE
RAINFALL AMOUNTS ARE POSSIBLE. FOR THE MOST PART...THERE WAS
GENERALLY GOOD MODEL AGREEMENT CONCERNING THE SYNOPTIC SETUP...SO
THE WPC QPF WAS BASED ON A BLEND OF THE 12Z ECMWF/GFS.

A POSITIVELY TILTED LONG WAVE TROUGH CROSSES THE NORTHERN ROCKIES
DURING DAY 2. MOISTURE MAY BE THE LIMITING FACTOR FOR QPF ACROSS
THIS AREA...BUT MARGINAL INSTABILITY AND MODEST DYNAMIC LIFT WITH
THE LONG WAVE TROUGH COULD SUPPORT 0.25 INCH QPF AMOUNTS ACROSS
PORTIONS OF THE ROCKY MOUNTAIN FRONT RANGE IN MT...AS WELL AS THE
WIND RIVER RANGE IN WY.

FURTHER SOUTH...A DEVELOPING UPSLOPE FLOW ACROSS CO INTO NORTHERN
NM (MAINLY AFTER 24/12Z) FEEDS 0.75/1.00 INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER
AIR INTO THE FRONT RANGE AND HIGHER TERRAIN OF THE CO ROCKIES AND
SANGRE DE CRISTO RANGE IN NM DURING DAY 2. MODEL SOUNDINGS
INDICATED MARGINAL INSTABILITY ACROSS THE REGION...AND THE
COMBINATION OF MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY SHOULD FEED AN INCREASING
COVERAGE OF CONVECTION...TIED AT LEAST INITIALLY TO THE TERRAIN.
THE MAINLY DIURNALLY DRIVEN CONVECTION IS EXPECTED TO PRODUCE A
LARGE AREA OF 0.25 TO 0.50 INCHES OF QPF ACROSS CENTRAL CO INTO
NORTH CENTRAL NM. THE WEAK MID LEVEL FLOW SHOULD PROMOTE SLOW CELL
MOTIONS...WHICH IN TURN COULD PRODUCE HIGHER QPF AMOUNTS (THE 12Z
GFS HAS LOCAL QPF AMOUNTS OVER 1.50 INCHES). BECAUSE OF THIS
POTENTIAL...A MARGINAL RISK REMAINS IN PLACE HERE FOR DAY 2.

ACROSS FAR WEST TX...A DEEP MOISTURE RIBBON (WITH A SOURCE IN THE
EASTERN PACIFIC) WILL INTERACT WITH WEAK SHORT WAVE ENERGY DURING
DAY 2 TO PRODUCE CONVECTION HERE. A 20 TO 30 KNOT SOUTHEAST INFLOW
AIDS IN TRANSPORTING 1.25/1.50 INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR (WHICH
IS ABOUT TWO STANDARD DEVIATIONS ABOVE THE MEAN) INTO FAR WEST
TX...WHERE MODEL SOUNDINGS INDICATED MARGINAL INSTABILITY.
CONVECTIVE CLUSTERS THAT DEVELOP ARE EXPECTED TO PRODUCE AN AREA
OF 0.75 INCHES OF QPF ACROSS THE REGION...WITH THE HIGHEST AMOUNTS
CLOSE TO THE RIO GRANDE RIVER. THE 12Z ECMWF/GFS SHOWED LOCAL QPF
AMOUNTS CLOSE TO 1.25 INCHES...WHICH IS PLAUSIBLE AS CORFIDI
VECTORS BECOME BETTER ALIGNED WITH THE MID LEVEL FLOW...PROMOTING
TRAINING. DUE TO THE TRAINING POTENTIAL...A MARGINAL RISK AREA
REMAINS IN PLACE FOR DAY 2.

SIMILAR CONDITIONS ARE EXPECTED ACROSS THE NORTHERN AND CENTRAL
ROCKIES ON DAY 3...WITH MOISTURE PROFILES A BIT MORE ROBUST THAN
DAY 2. THE INCREASED MOISTURE SHOULD SUPPORT LOCAL 0.25 TO 0.50
INCH QPF AMOUNTS ACROSS GRAND TETONS AND WIND RIVER RANGES IN
WY...WITH LESSER AMOUNTS ACROSS THE SOUTHERN WASATCH RANGE IN UT.
MOISTURE IS NOT QUITE AS PLENTIFUL ACROSS PORTIONS OF THE SOUTHERN
ROCKIES...AS THE UPSLOPE FLOW BECOMES MORE SOUTHERLY. STILL...
MARGINAL INSTABILITY AND SLOW CELL MOTIONS COULD RESULT IN LOCAL
0.75 INCH QPF AMOUNTS... ESPECIALLY ACROSS SOUTH CENTRAL CO INTO
NORTH CENTRAL NM.

FINALLY...MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY ACROSS FAR WEST TX SHOULD
CONTINUE TO FEED CONVECTIVE CLUSTERS TRACKING NORTHEAST AHEAD OF
SHORT WAVE ENERGY OVER THE SOUTHWEST STATES. MOISTURE AND
INSTABILITY PROFILES ARE CLOSE TO THOSE OF DAY 3...AND TRAINING IS
POSSIBLE WITH SLOW CELL MOTIONS. A MARGINAL RISK AREA REMAINS IN
PLACE HERE FOR DAY 3 AS WELL.


GULF COAST/SOUTHEAST
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
MAINLY DIURNALLY FORCED CONVECTION WILL PRODUCE LOCALLY HEAVY
RAINFALL ACROSS PORTIONS OF THE GULF COAST AND NEARBY SOUTHEAST
STATES DURING THE DAY 2/3 PERIOD. THERE WAS GENERALLY GOOD MODEL
AGREEMENT CONCERNING THE LARGE SCALE FEATURES ACROSS THE GULF
COAST...SO THE WPC QPF WAS BASED ON A BLEND OF THE 12Z ECMWF/GFS.

A MID LEVEL RIDGE IS IN PLACE ACROSS THE GULF STATES AND THE
SOUTHEAST DURING DAY 2. IN THE LOWER LEVELS...A WEAK EAST
SOUTHEAST FLOW TRANSPORTS 2.00/2.25 INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR
FROM THE GULF OF MEXICO ACROSS THE EASTERN AND CENTRAL GULF COAST
STATES. SYNOPTIC SCALE FORCING IS WEAK...WITH THE BEST SHORT WAVE
ENERGY SHUNTED NORTH OF THE REGION ACROSS THE MID MS VALLEY.
CLUSTERS OF MAINLY DIURNALLY DRIVEN CONVECTION ARE
EXPECTED...WHICH SHOULD SUPPORT AN AXIS OF 0.25 TO 0.50 INCH QPF
AMOUNTS ACROSS SOUTHERN MS/SOUTHEAST LA INTO THE WESTERN FL
PANHANDLE. LOCALLY HIGHER AMOUNTS ARE POSSIBLE...DUE TO THE SLOW
CELL MOTIONS.

THE LOW LEVEL INFLOW IS A BIT STRONGER FOR DAY 3 (GENERALLY IN THE
10 TO 15 KNOT RANGE FROM THE EAST SOUTHEAST)...WHICH COULD SUPPORT
A LARGE AREA OF MAINLY DIURNALLY CONVECTION ACROSS THE CENTRAL
GULF COAST STATES. MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY PROFILES ARE SIMILAR
TO THOSE OF DAY 2...BUT THE BETTER INFLOW COULD SUPPORT MORE
LOCALLY ORGANIZED CONVECTION ACROSS LA. SLOW CELL MOTIONS COULD
ALLOW FOR LOCALLY HIGHER QPF AMOUNTS.


ROTH/PETERSEN/HAYES

24HR QP VT 24/00Z
 0.01 562085 564066 564055 564049 563046 560029 554012 551007
      549000 545984 536957 527931 521916 516902 514879 513877
      513872 512860 507828 505819 505811 506802 506792 504771
      499752 497731 498725 499716 500708 499700 498690 497686
      495683 493680 490681 487685 483690 480695 476700 473707
      471713 470724 470740 470757 470774 467791 465797 463802
      462810 463817 465820 467818 469815 471816 472820 473827
      470833 462842 452846 453857 453862 450864 446869 445872
      445877 450886 458896 462901 465909 466910 469910 471908
      470902 470892 472882 474875 478870 482870 484872 488875
      487882 488891 488901 487907 485915 485924 485935 484942
      483949 482953 479960 474970 472977 472987 476992 480997
      482000 482004 481012 479042 480049 482052 486053 488053
      490050 494046 498040 500039 502044 497063 495071 495078
      493086 494094 493109 493119 493125 491127 483130 481132
      480137 483143 492155 494157 495161 495170 497177 500181
      512185 520191 526194 531198 537199 541194 546177 549168
      550160 554143 556122 560104 561091 562085
 0.01 440973 441961 440956 438953 427939 420934 413929 409926
      403925 393922 369902 362896 358894 353892 344890 338889
      335889 334887 328872 328865 326861 328857 331852 339848
      345847 349845 352842 355837 357833 354830 349828 343828
      340826 338819 337807 335802 333799 330799 328796 327797
      323796 321792 319789 315789 306791 303798 299804 295807
      290808 283806 263804 258806 254809 253821 250820 248822
      246826 248829 258830 265832 275833 282839 288845 290858
      295950 297960 305963 311958 314953 319943 321939 324936
      326949 323958 317973 309990 304999 302004 298008 294015
      290025 284032 278036 270040 259038 239037 230039 227047
      226060 229065 230069 234076 242091 245095 249098 252102
      259103 267105 275105 286107 294111 299112 305113 309115
      310111 315110 318107 323098 317086 315083 317082 324087
      328090 330093 333102 338111 336118 336124 345138 349142
      353145 361146 358157 358164 359169 360177 362178 361180
      361184 366190 372194 380199 389203 395202 394197 391194
      383188 373181 371177 370172 369168 371165 378160 384155
      395140 397136 401132 404129 405128 406123 406121 402123
      396126 394128 391127 392123 396121 399116 399113 406110
      409108 409101 407095 404098 400101 398096 399089 402085
      405081 409077 414070 414064 413059 410048 406042 399039
      390037 383035 366029 362026 359022 356017 355011 354000
      355994 359991 367992 373988 379986 385986 389988 394989
      411994 420992 427988 440973
 0.25 553130 555111 554090 554082 554072 554064 552056 551049
      549041 544028 539015 534004 532999 531989 530980 527974
      521965 517949 514936 509922 507925 507934 508955 508963
      507973 507978 506977 503982 502989 502997 503007 505013
      510022 513029 516034 519040 519050 518060 519068 522067
      526068 534075 539088 541103 541121 540129 537135 526131
      520130 516127 513126 511129 509133 507140 504147 505154
      509159 512164 514170 517173 523175 528178 534179 538178
      542173 545166 547158 550144 553130
 0.25 498773 497767 495758 492745 490738 486736 482748 480759
      480768 481776 485791 487796 488803 490808 493809 496807
      498794 498778 498773
 0.25 461878 462876 462873 462871 461869 460868 460869 459871
      458874 458876 458879 459880 461879 461878
 0.25 432971 431965 430960 425952 419945 412940 407942 405945
      402948 400952 400956 403961 407969 412976 416978 421980
      426979 429975 432971
 0.25 398064 398060 396057 392055 388055 384056 382058 381063
      377064 373064 369066 370073 371082 373085 375087 378089
      382091 385089 388086 388083 391080 396076 398065 398064
 0.25 385120 386116 384115 379115 372121 363116 356116 347114
      345118 345125 347130 351133 356133 362132 371134 376134
      380130 384122 385120
 0.25 381142 381140 379140 381142
 0.25 384940 383935 380930 374923 367916 360909 356907 350906
      347901 344899 338898 334898 332900 335904 339907 343908
      346912 352921 359929 366936 368939 370943 369947 366950
      363947 358947 354950 352957 351963 351969 353974 358977
      361978 364976 368966 372956 373950 375945 379945 383943
      384940
 0.25 346057 345052 340051 328049 324048 320045 318035 318029
      319026 321026 328031 332032 334028 339019 343011 345006
      345999 344992 340990 336991 333993 326998 320005 316013
      312024 306027 299033 293040 286045 280049 270052 260052
      250050 244048 239051 237054 236061 236066 240074 244080
      251087 257092 267096 287100 291098 293095 297084 300075
      303071 307069 315065 324064 338063 343061 346057
 0.25 334086 334085 332084 332086 333087 334086
 0.25 323827 323821 321814 319811 313812 305816 296818 287820
      287825 290828 297834 301840 305850 309850 311848 316840
      320832 323827
 0.25 311886 311884 310882 310879 310877 309875 309873 308872
      308871 306870 305871 305873 305876 305878 305880 305882
      305884 305886 306888 307890 309890 311888 311886 311886
 0.25 278817 278815 277815 275814 274814 273813 271814 270816
      271818 272819 274818 275819 277818 278817
 0.50 551121 552113 552105 550101 551096 549093 548099 548104
      548112 547117 545122 546128 548127 550122 551121
 0.50 545147 544143 541143 532145 525141 520139 516140 513142
      510146 512152 514155 519163 525171 528173 532173 536171
      538167 542157 545147
 0.50 550088 549085 549084 549082 549080 548078 548077 547075
      546076 546079 546082 546085 547087 548089 549090 550088
 0.50 424968 424964 424961 422959 420956 418954 416952 414950
      411952 410954 410959 410963 412966 414968 416970 417971
      421973 424971 424968
 0.50 380078 381076 380074 380073 378071 376070 375071 375073
      375075 374078 375080 375081 377081 378080 379079 380078
 0.50 371927 370925 370924 368923 368922 366921 365921 364920
      363918 362918 360917 359916 357919 359921 361923 362924
      364925 366926 368926 369927 370928 371927
 0.50 365965 365963 364961 363958 361956 360956 359955 358956
      357958 356960 356963 356965 356967 356969 357971 358972
      359972 361972 362971 364969 364967 365965
 0.50 351126 350124 350123 348122 348123 348125 348126 350127
      351126
 0.50 338004 338002 335001 333003 330003 328005 326008 325010
      325014 327015 329013 331012 333010 335008 337006 338004
 0.50 313826 312824 312822 311820 310820 308820 307820 307821
      305821 303821 302823 302825 303827 304827 305829 306831
      307833 308834 310834 310833 311831 311830 312828 313827
      313826
 0.50 308047 308045 308043 308041 308040 306039 304039 302040
      301042 300043 300044 299046 299048 299050 300051 301051
      302051 303050 305049 307047 308047
 0.50 296071 298067 297062 294057 279057 263057 256057 250056
      246055 244057 242064 244069 247075 250080 255085 259089
      265091 274092 280091 284086 288082 293078 296071 296071
 1.00 529162 529159 528157 528156 527155 525154 524154 522154
      521154 520157 521159 522160 523161 524163 526164 528163
      529162
 1.00 276075 276069 271066 266064 259063 254065 253067 252071
      254075 259080 263082 270084 274081 276075

24HR QP VT 25/00Z
 0.01 553941 553922 553901 550872 549856 547843 542814 541799
      540783 541775 540766 538748 527703 523688 518676 512665
      510661 507658 500653 497651 492652 488655 488661 490675
      496697 497711 496716 493714 490710 488704 483692 481683
      474690 472703 470711 467716 467721 468729 470745 471758
      474768 481792 485805 486811 486819 485823 483823 478821
      471818 462815 458815 455816 444819 439824 431830 423838
      416845 410850 385875 377881 374885 371888 367896 364905
      369911 371914 373920 369941 368946 367954 364967 360976
      357980 352982 348982 344984 340990 335998 330008 327011
      324012 315015 312017 311019 308019 300020 292018 281018
      277020 274023 275029 275033 273036 267042 260043 253042
      244038 239037 236039 233040 231045 230049 232052 240068
      246073 251079 255085 258089 261091 277101 281100 287101
      297105 308107 312107 312105 310100 308089 307083 308078
      311069 315068 320068 326069 327075 329086 329090 331093
      337099 342116 347125 349128 354130 362135 367137 370142
      384139 383132 386127 389124 393122 395119 397117 398112
      388111 384109 380107 378111 375112 372115 369114 368112
      364112 360113 354108 367096 371095 374099 377100 382097
      390092 401092 403091 404086 408076 414070 417067 423065
      423060 422056 416049 415043 414038 411029 416022 418018
      421014 423008 424003 429993 431989 436991 442991 448990
      466984 476982 479981 480988 485010 486023 485030 484035
      487046 491056 493059 494066 495070 495077 496081 496090
      494098 492104 492107 496110 501108
 0.01 501108 515106 529108 533105 536099 538095 538090 539078
      544060 549044 549032 548022 547001 549979 551969 552958
      552948 553941
 0.01 524163 521154 515148 502138 480112 484102 484095 483090
      476086 469088 464094 462097 457097 442090 433087 425086
      424091 426094 432102 436110 443115 444119 443125 438133
      436137 434143 436154 438158 442159 447160 449163 456160
      460159 464160 472156 473152 472148 479143 486148 491153
      494157 494163 498167 501169 508167 507163 508161 513167
      516170 520169 524163
 0.01 450078 450075 448072 447069 445067 442066 438066 436068
      436069 439072 441073 443075 445077 448078 450078
 0.01 374735 373726 371721 368716 364713 358712 353712 349711
      343713 340718 339724 338729 339738 339745 338751 333761
      327770 323780 319792 316802 315807 317811 321808 324803
      328798 330794 334785 340774 346765 349760 351755 353750
      357746 364744 369741 373738 374735
 0.01 369849 368844 363844 357843 357838 360830 360825 358825
      355826 354824 347824 343824 340821 337815 333807 330808
      329812 328815 328821 329826 331830 333837 328844 323849
      319850 314850 302840 297837 295834 295831 298826 293821
      289820 287816 287812 290812 299814 303812 304809 304799
      302790 297782 293776 286775 278775 275774 269774 261777
      243781 239784 239790 240793 239799 234806 231814 231818
      233821 235822 238821 243820 247820 250821 251824 250828
      251831 253835 255836 259838 261839 261841 255846 256851
      258855 262860 267865 278874 283879 287885 291893 289902
      291911 291922 296938 295944 294949 293958 292962 294962
      301958 305953 309945 316931 328924 334918 337911 340902
      341893 341884 342879 344876 355868 360862 364858 367854
      369849
 0.01 349039 349037 348035 346035 344037 342037 340037 339039
      337041 335043 336045 338045 340045 342043 344043 346041
      348041 349039
 0.25 542011 543995 543981 543954 542943 541928 540906 538879
      535856 535843 534831 531803 529777 526751 522733 519720
      517711 512701 510700 507702 506711 506722 509749 510757
      509766 508779 507784 505783 504779 502781 499772 496766
      491757 488750 486747 486750 485755 485760 487773 489782
      492793 495803 497813 498825 497835 494857 493862 491866
      489874 486894 485905 484911 482914 480917 478922 475930
      473939 475943 475949 481949 489951 493955 497962 500964
      502970 502981 502990 501003 503026 504036 505045 508055
      512063 515066 518068 524067 529061 533055 537048 539039
      541023 542011
 0.25 482847 481842 480840 476837 467836 462835 456836 445838
      440840 436844 430850 426853 422856 417863 407869 401876
      395882 386887 383891 381897 381906 381914 384919 385925
      385931 383961 380972 378983 380989 384987 391981 400976
      405975 409977 415980 419980 428978 437973 441971 443967
      449958 454949 460943 463942 464938 462932 459925 457921
      452913 451905 453899 458898 460896 461891 462885 461873
      462867 464862 474859 479853 482847
 0.25 481959 480957 477956 475957 472958 471960 468962 466963
      464964 462967 462971 465970 469970 471969 474968 477967
      479964 480962 481959
 0.25 410063 412061 411059 410056 406052 394048 388047 381047
      374045 370044 367045 359052 357054 356058 360063 363067
      368070 379076 385073 389074 392074 401069 410063
 0.25 403991 403988 400989 399991 398993 396997 394000 393002
      392007 394011 396009 397006 399002 400000 401998 403993
      403991
 0.25 340013 340008 338008 333012 325022 317031 310030 304031
      293037 284044 278047 272048 266050 258050 253049 249050
      243052 242055 241060 244064 255071 265079 276086 282088
      288088 293084 294077 295072 298065 303060 307057 313056
      319052 324037 326031 330026 336019 340013
 0.25 331902 332898 331896 328893 320890 312888 312879 308870
      306869 306876 306888 305893 305899 307903 310905 317906
      328905 331902
 0.25 305863 303857 301851 298846 294843 290838 285835 281838
      280844 282851 284856 288861 290863 293863 300863 303865
      305863
 0.25 299804 299799 297794 294788 292784 289782 286782 282784
      276787 271792 265794 260790 256788 252788 249791 248794
      246801 248808 250810 255811 257812 260815 270822 274824
      278824 278821 275818 282808 297807 299804
 0.50 539992 539976 538959 536931 533898 531867 530848 528835
      526819 523807 520801 516799 510807 508812 507819 503826
      501841 500855 494876 492891 490904 488915 484927 484934
      485939 495941 503945 507947 509952 510959 510968 509984
      508999 508011 513039 515051 517056 518058 521057 528050
      530047 533042 535028 537016 539992
 0.50 476847 473844 471843 463843 454844 447843 442847 437852
      430855 426862 423870 422874 423877 425881 429883 434885
      435891 438893 444897 448894 454889 455884 454879 453869
      457862 462857 469855 473853 475850 476847
 0.50 440954 442949 441944 439938 436926 431922 429917 427911
      427902 421891 416881 413875 408875 402884 398887 393890
      391895 394899 392929 390944 387956 385963 386970 390970
      395967 400964 403960 409970 414971 419970 424969 428966
      436960 440954
 0.50 408058 406056 404055 400054 397055 394055 392057 390059
      391062 393064 394067 397066 399064 402062 403061 406061
      408058
 0.50 387056 386056 385054 384053 383052 381051 379051 377050
      376050 374050 372050 372051 370052 371055 372056 374055
      376054 377054 378055 379056 381057 382057 384058 386057
      387056
 0.50 317050 318045 317042 312039 308036 302038 297040 291041
      290047 293052 296054 300054 304051 307050 311051 314051
      317050
 0.50 295801 295796 294792 293790 291788 287787 285789 283792
      281794 281796 281800 282802 285803 287804 291804 294803
      295801
 0.50 287070 287066 285062 279057 274055 268055 259055 254055
      252056 248058 248061 255066 262071 269076 277079 283078
      285076 287070
 1.00 532008 534995 534984 533972 531964 528947 524939 522938
      520940 518948 517960 516969 515981 514990 514001 516010
      518017 521036 522040 524042 527036 531018 532008
 1.00 526897 526884 525876 523866 523857 523845 523834 522829
      520826 518826 515830 512835 509841 506850 505859 505880
      501896 501908 504913 506917 509918 512915 523910 526902
      526897
 1.00 496924 496921 496919 496916 495916 494919 494921 494922
      494921 492921 492922 493924 492927 494929 495927 496926
      496924
 1.00 494932 494929 493929 492928 492929 492931 492932 494933
      494932
 1.00 442863 441861 439858 438861 436861 433864 431866 430869
      430870 431871 433871 437870 439868 441866 442863
 1.00 431952 432946 431943 427938 423931 422924 415910 413904
      412894 408889 404889 402892 402900 402910 401919 399926
      398932 399937 400940 403941 407943 407946 409954 410959
      412962 419963 425964 428959 431952
 1.50 528992 528984 528978 526971 523969 522975 521981 520986
      519994 520999 521006 524008 526003 527997 528992
 1.50 520858 520855 519850 518848 515848 514851 513853 512859
      512861 511867 511872 512876 514877 516876 518874 519870
      519866 520860 520858
 1.50 423952 424949 424947 423946 421945 419945 417945 416945
      414946 413947 412948 412949 411952 411954 412956 413956
      414957 416958 417958 419957 421956 422954 423953 423952
 1.50 417931 417926 417924 415920 414919 412916 408917 407918
      405922 405926 405929 406931 407934 409936 410938 414940
      417938 417933 417931
 2.00 417954 418952 417950 416950 414951 414952 414953 415954
      416955 417954 417954
 2.00 412926 412924 412923 411922 410921 410922 409924 409925
      408926 409929 410930 412928 412926

24HR QP VT 26/00Z
 0.01 560104 561092 561082 559068 556056 550047 547043 544038
      540035 536029 532021 529016 526013 518004 515001 510001
      506003 505008 505014 506019 509025 512032 509037 508045
      500067 500078 498080 498084 497093 494099 484115 480120
      475123 469130 469135 473139 480145 484151 487156 489161
      490168 493176 495179 497180 500181 500186 501194 504197
      508201 512200 529197 535199 538200 539197 540188 542182
      544176 545166 546152 545147 546142 544136 543130 539124
      539119 542117 547118 554114 558109 560104
 0.01 544763 541751 536737 529709 522685 518672 512665 508653
      504641 502636 499633 494626 488619 485617 484620 479622
      478625 476633 468659 462666 461668 457669 452671 448674
      446678 443688 440697 438709 435714 430716 427717 426721
      425727 422730 417735 412741 406747 396765 394770 391775
      385785 373800 366807 361816 358818 355822 351829 346836
      346841 348845 349851 352853 358852 361854 366855 365858
      360865 355874 350881 348884 343886 338890 331891 325891
      318890 314889 311886 305881 307873 308867 303867 298866
      297859 295850 296845 298842 301840 303836 304832 304827
      298822 300818 303815 320809 335793 337790 336784 335779
      337773 336768 333765 325766 320769 315770 310772 307772
      307770 314752 317744 318734 317729 315726 309720 306718
      301718 294722 272731 257740 246754 242761 239765 237769
      234776 232782 231787 230790 231796 231800 234806 234812
      236816 237826 239829 237833 231838 226845 226853 225861
      230881 236900 244917 247925 250936 259950 265956 270960
      274962 277966 279974 281978 284982 288985 290987 293987
      303983 306983 307980 309978 313976 316973 321967 324962
      329961 337956 343954 347952 352952 359953 364954 360962
      349973 346976 343980 337988 325005 316009 309015 303020
      295025 278030 280026 278022 275019 270017 265015 263011
      258005 253000 246995 240997 239002 240006 242010 245014
      248018 250020 254021 262027 266029 271030 275032 269033
      258032 246032 241033 237033 232034 229036 228041 227047
      229057 229062 230065 237079 238084 241088 243092 247095
      254100 260104
 0.01 260104 267110 276115 281116 285116 291110 297105 301098
      303094 306093 310091 313088 323090 326092 327096 330104
      332107 335109 338106 340109 345114 355125 359127 362125
      366124 366121 364120 357115 351110 347101 347095 350090
      352088 355089 362094 365095 367093 369088 374088 376091
      377094 381101 381105 378107 374113 370127 378146 385163
      384169 384174 387178 389177 395173 398164 404160 409155
      404142 401136 399133 395133 391132 388134 384132 386128
      393124 402121 405118 410117 414115 417116 414110 412105
      412098 412092 410089 407089 405091 401094 400092 400089
      404081 404075 406070 412065 417060 423064 426070 427080
      426087 423091 420097 419108 426113 434113 439117 442122
      441128 436136 434146 434152 435155 438161 445162 451161
      458158 462151 464146 465139 465135 466127 471116 472105
      472098 471091 468085 458082 458072 461062 462049 462043
      460039 460035 459032 456025 420022 415022 412024 410029
      410036 411040 410042 406044 399046 394043 391040 392038
      387031 384021 383016 385011 386006 389002 398991 402984
      405976 410961 413952 417940 422920 424912 425905 426901
      428897 432894 437888 442883 446877 448872 451870 457865
      459863 463862 471861 475861 477863 477865 476877 473890
      474903 470925 467946 468951 470956 474964 477972 482975
      487980 492983 500985 509987 515988 520983 525976 529962
      532952 533939 533923 533908 533880 533869 536860 537853
      538843 539827 539815 541791 541780 542774 544763
 0.01 335047 335046 333046 331045 329045 328046 329048 331048
      333048 334048 335047
 0.01 320069 322065 319063 317062 314061 310060 308059 305059
      306062 308066 309068 311070 313071 315073 316071 318071
      320069
 0.25 533181 532176 530172 527167 524163 522160 518157 515155
      513155 513158 515161 518164 521169 523173 525177 527180
      530183 532182 533181
 0.25 536773 536766 535757 532741 530731 525721 516706 512699
      507693 496685 494682 494676 494663 497655 496650 494647
      489651 485657 481667 477676 473685 470694 465713 460731
      458748 457759 454767 451774 447779 435786 428792 422784
      415788 409794 404801 399808 396815 397824 397834 393840
      388848 385856 384864 384870 386888 385900 382913 378932
      371949 364965 357978 347991 340002 336008 331012 326013
      322016 314021 308025 302031 288037 282042 276046 269048
      261047 252045 242044 234045 233050 234053 237059 241064
      247070 254075 260082 265088 272092 280095 284095 287093
      289090 290086 290077 288070 287066 288062 289055 294051
      298049 301048 314049 318047 320042 323039 328036 339037
      347036 352036 355035 359033 362029 367023 370016 373008
      374997 378991 384986 393977 397971 401963 409944 412935
      413923 414912 415902 418892 421883 425877 428869 430863
      431854 435845 441841 450839 457840 466841 472841 475838
      479831 488827 490828 491831 491836 493842 493848 494872
      494886 494899 498920 498932 498943 498949 499954 502963
      505965 510965 513961 515955 519945 520935 523910 524898
      524885 525873 526861 527850 529839 532818 533808 534797
      535783 536773
 0.25 455105 456101 456098 454093 452090 453085 451075 448071
      445069 440069 437071 437074 440075 443077 446082 446087
      443089 438089 435093 437098 442103 447106 450107 455105
 0.25 385122 384121 383122 381121 380121 379123 379124 380124
      382124 383122 384122 385122
 0.25 388056 388052 387049 381048 376045 371043 365044 360045
      357047 358051 359058 366057 372057 379057 384059 387058
      388056
 0.25 341915 340912 336911 331910 320906 311903 302903 300895
      298889 296884 292880 278867 268845 268842 271842 274842
      277840 279835 281831 284829 284826 281822 278817 277809
      278806 281806 286806 293807 296804 297800 296796 293791
      289787 285784 278785 273787 263788 257787 252790 250795
      249800 251805 250809 247821 247826 249833 251839 252845
      252855 254869 259881 261895 263899 266902 273910 276915
      279920 288925 293927 296931 300941 304947 309949 314947
      319943 325938 330927 337921 341915
 0.50 532787 532777 530769 528756 524744 522738 519734 515734
      513740 513752 513761 512767 510772 509779 509786 509794
      509807 509838 508848 509856 512866 516869 518863 522855
      526842 527831 530801 532787
 0.50 487758 487748 485740 483736 478735 474736 473738 471741
      471745 471751 470756 466770 467784 464790 458792 449795
      434809 431814 432822 435823 439821 443820 444822 450823
      456823 460824 463823 469821 473819 476815 482806 485796
      484788 482783 485773 487758
 0.50 452097 451097 450097 450098 451098 452097
 0.50 418870 418861 417854 409850 406850 403853 398860 394869
      392881 390892 389902 384925 381937 377945 369964 368968
      365973 361978 348994 343001 340009 335019 333023 334028
      338030 342030 348025 356020 359018 362013 370996 374985
      378976 382970 384968 387968 390965 402950 407943 409940
      409933 407919 406915 405911 406907 406901 408897 411894
      413890 416877 418870
 0.50 416833 416825 415820 413814 410812 407814 405817 404822
      403829 403832 405838 407842 411840 414836 416833
 0.50 375053 375051 374049 373048 372047 371047 369047 367047
      366048 365048 364050 364052 365053 367054 368054 370054
      372054 374054 375053
 0.50 328023 328021 327020 325020 323020 321021 320022 319023
      318023 316024 316025 315026 314027 313028 314029 316029
      317029 319029 321028 323028 325027 327025 328023
 0.50 310935 311930 311926 310923 308920 306919 304918 302918
      299920 298922 299926 299928 301933 302935 303937 306939
      307939 309937 310935
 0.50 293801 292799 292797 290796 288795 284794 282794 279793
      275795 275797 277797 280798 283799 285800 289801 290802
      293801
 0.50 289045 287045 285046 284047 283047 282049 281049 280051
      279051 280051 281051 282051 283050 285050 286049 287048
      288047 289046 289045
 0.50 290904 290895 290891 289887 286883 281880 276877 274879
      274884 276890 278896 280901 283906 286908 289906 290904
 0.50 283086 283078 282072 279067 278061 277057 275055 269054
      256051 243048 239048 236049 237053 240058 244062 253068
      261075 265079 270082 274086 280088 283086
 0.50 263796 262796 260796 259796 257796 255796 253797 253798
      253800 255800 257800 259800 261799 262797 263796
 1.00 522834 522831 522829 522827 520829 520832 520834 519837
      519838 519840 521839 521837 522835 522834
 1.00 358003 359998 359994 358994 356996 354998 352000 350002
      348004 347006 347009 349012 351011 353009 355007 357005
      358003
 1.00 273071 273067 270063 266061 263059 259057 254055 251059
      253062 257063 260066 264068 267071 270072 273071 273071
$$




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