Quantitative Precipitation Forecast
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584
FXUS04 KWBC 190853
QPFPFD

QUANTITATIVE PRECIPITATION FORECAST DISCUSSION
NWS WEATHER PREDICTION CENTER COLLEGE PARK MD
352 AM EST MON FEB 19 2018


PRELIM DAY 1...DAY 2 AND DAY 3 QPF DISCUSSION
VALID FEB 19/1200 UTC THRU FEB 22/1200 UTC
REFERENCE AWIPS GRAPHICS UNDER...PRECIP ACCUM - 24HR

DAY 1

...EASTERN PLAINS / MID-UPPER MS VALLEY / GREAT LAKES / UPPER OHIO
VALLEY...

CONTINUED AMPLIFICATION OF THE LONGWAVE TROUGH WEST OF THE DIVIDE
AND RESULTANT DOWNSTREAM RIDGING ACROSS THE EASTERN CONUS WILL
LEAD TO A HIGHLY -PNA TOWARD THE END OF DAY 1 (12Z TUE), WITH 500
MB HEIGHT ANOMALIES AROUND 2.5 STANDARD DEVIATIONS BELOW/ABOVE
NORMAL OVER THE WEST/EAST RESPECTIVELY. AS THE PATTERN ALOFT
BECOMES HIGHLY MERIDIONAL, THE SURFACE FRONTAL ZONE DRAPED SW-NE
FROM THE SOUTHERN-CENTRAL PLAINS NORTHEAST INTO THE UPPER
MIDWEST-UPPER GREAT LAKES WILL EXHIBIT LITTLE EASTWARD
PROGRESSION, WITH THE NORTHERN EXTENSION OF THIS FRONT (ESPECIALLY
AFFECTING THE UPPER MIDWEST-UPPER GREAT LAKES) BECOMING BOLSTERED
BY THE STRENGTHENING UPPER JET TO THE NORTH AND THUS INCREASING
RIGHT ENTRANCE REGION DYNAMICAL FORCING. MEANWHILE, MOISTURE
PARAMETERS WILL TOO BECOME HIGHLY ANOMALIES DURING THE DAY 1
PERIOD, WITH PW VALUES RISING ABOVE 4 STANDARD DEVIATIONS ABOVE
NORMAL PER THE SREF AND GEFS AND 850 MB MOISTURE FLUX ANOMALIES
PEAKING OVER +5 STANDARD DEVIATIONS IN LIGHT OF THE 50-60 KT MOIST
SOUTHWESTERLY INFLOW INTO THE FRONTAL ZONE. ACCORDING TO THE
ATMOSPHERIC RIVER DETECTION FROM THE ESRL SITE, A CLEARLY DEFINED
ATMOSPHERIC RIVER IS NOTED FROM THE CARIBBEAN AND WESTERN GULF,
WITH INTEGRATED WATER VAPOR TRANSPORT VALUES EXCEEDING 750 KG/M/S.

FROM A DYNAMICAL AND THERMODYNAMICAL STANDPOINT, PRECIPITATION
EFFICIENCY IS ABOUT AS HIGH AS IT GETS FOR MID FEBRUARY,
ESPECIALLY ALONG/NORTH OF 40N, IN THE ABSENCE OF ROBUST DEEP LAYER
INSTABILITY. WHILE THE LATTER WILL BE A LIMITATION TO SHORT TERM
RAINFALL RATES, THE ROBUST DEGREE OF FORCING AND MOISTURE
TRANSPORT INTO THE QUASI-STATIONARY FRONT WILL SUPPORT THE
CONTINUATION OF A RATHER BROAD MARGINAL RISK FOR EXCESSIVE
RAINFALL DURING DAY 1 ACROSS MUCH OF THE MIDWEST INTO THE GREAT
LAKES AND UPPER OH VALLEY REGION, WITH 2 FOCUSED AREAS OF A MORE
ENHANCED ("SLIGHT") THREAT. WPC DID MAINTAIN THE SLIGHT RISK
STRADDLING THE WI/IL BORDER FROM YESTERDAY`S DAY 2 ERO, IN LIGHT
OF THE ANTECEDENT CONDITIONS/LOWER FFGs, WHILE INTRODUCING ANOTHER
SLIGHT RISK AXIS FROM CENTRAL IL NORTHEAST THROUGH
CENTRAL-NORTHERN IN AND FAR NORTHWEST OH GIVEN THE GROWING
HIGH-RES CONSENSUS OF SPOTTY 24 HOUR TOTALS AOA 3 INCHES. OVER
THIS REGION, THERE REMAINS A MULTI-MODEL SIGNAL FOR HEAVY RAINFALL
ALONG THE AXIS OF MAXIMUM PW VALUES AND 850-700 MB MOISTURE
TRANSPORT INTO THE FRONTAL ZONE, SO DESPITE THE INITIALLY HIGH FFG
VALUES, BELIEVE BY MONDAY NIGHT MORE AREAS WILL BECOME SUSCEPTIBLE
TO FLASH FLOODING WITH ADDITIONAL ROUNDS OF HEAVY RAIN.


...WEST...

THE RATHER DRAMATIC PATTERN CHANGE ACROSS THE WEST IS BEGINNING TO
TAKE SHAPE, AS A VERY COLD FULL-LATITUDE UPPER TROUGH ESTABLISHES
ITSELF OVER THE REGION. IN FACT, 12Z GFS STANDARDIZED ANOMALIES
INDICATE THIS 500MB FEATURE BEING 2.5 TIMES BELOW AVG WITH
HEIGHTS. SIGNIFICANT HEIGHT FALLS WILL DIG FROM THE PAC NW TO
SOUTHERN CA/DESERT SW WITH HELP FROM A VERY DYNAMIC UPPER-LEVEL
JET, WHILE WIDESPREAD SWRLY UPPER DI-FLUENT FLOW ENCOMPASSES THE
GREAT BASIN AND INTER-MOUNTAIN WEST. EXPECT CONCENTRATED QPF ALONG
COASTAL SECTIONS OF OR INTO CA WITH THE ADVANCEMENT OF THE 500MB
MID TO UPPER LOW CENTER AND IN THE WAKE OF UPPER JET, WHERE VERY
COLD 500MB TEMPS SURGE INLAND. MEANWHILE INLAND, THE
AFOREMENTIONED SWRLY UPPER DI-FLUENT FLOW WILL ENCOMPASS THE
REGION AND COUNTERACT THE MARGINAL PAC MOISTURE TRANSPORT FOR
HEAVY OROGRAPHIC QPF FROM MOGOLLON RIM TO THE SAN JUANS/CO ROCKIES
AND WASATCH. ALSO, THE PRESENCE OF SURFACE LOW PRESSURE OVER THE
GREAT BASIN AND STRONG HIGH PRESSURE TO THE NORTH OVER THE
NORTHERN PLAINS WILL YIELD VERY FAVORABLE UPSLOPE FLOW, WHICH
SHOULD ALLOW ORGANIZED HEAVY SNOWFALL TO CONSUME MUCH OF SOUTHERN
AND EASTERN WY TOWARD WESTERN SD. OVERALL THE GUIDANCE IS IN GREAT
SHAPE CONCERNING THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THIS LONG WAVE TROUGH, ALONG
THE DETAILS ON QPF, AND WPC GENERALLY FOLLOWED A MODEL BLEND OF
GLOBAL MODELS AND HI-RES GUIDANCE.

HURLEY/MUSHER

DAYS 2/3...


...PACIFIC NORTHWEST/ROCKIES...

SHORT WAVE ENERGY DROPPING INTO A DEVELOPING LONG WAVE TROUGH OVER
THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST AND CA PROVIDES LIFT FOR GENERALLY LIGHT QPF
ON DAY 2. AS THE LONG WAVE TROUGH EXTENDS AND REFORMS OVER THE
WESTERN UNITED STATES...LIFT IS EXPECTED TO BE SUFFICIENT FOR
ADDITIONAL QPF AMOUNTS ON DAY 3. THERE WAS GENERALLY GOOD
AGREEMENT WITH THE SHORT WAVE TIMING ON DAY 2...BUT THERE IS
INCREASING SPREAD ON DAY 3 WITH RESPECT TO WHERE TH LONG WAVE
TROUGH SETS UP. IN AN ATTEMPT TO MITIGATE SOME OF THE PLACEMENT
DIFFERENCES...THE WPC QPF WAS BASED ON A BLEND OF THE 00Z
ECMWF/GFS.

DAY 2...
A LOW LEVEL WESTERLY FLOW PUSHES PACIFIC MOISTURE AHEAD OF A SHORT
WAVE PASSING THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST ON ITS WAY TO CENTRAL CA BY THE
END OF DAY 2. WHILE MOST OF THE LIFT ASSOCIATED WITH THE SHORT
WAVE REMAINS OFFSHORE...THE UPSLOPE FLOW COMBINES WITH THE LIFT TO
PRODUCE AN AREA OF 0.10 TO 0.25 INCHES OF QPF OVER WESTERN OR.

DAY 3...
AS THE SHORT WAVE REACHES CENTRAL CA EARLY ON DAY 3...IT DIVES
INTO A REFORMING LONG WAVE TROUGH OVER THE WESTERN UNITED STATES.
WHILE THERE IS SOME SPREAD ON THE PLACEMENT OF THE RELOADING LONG
WAVE TROUGH...THERE SHOULD BE SUFFICIENT LIFT TO AUGMENT MOISTURE
IN THE UPSLOPE FLOW TO PRODUCE AN AXIS OF 0.25 TO 0.50 INCHES OF
QPF OVER THE OR CASCADES. FURTHER DOWNSTREAM...LIFT ASSOCIATED
WITH THE LONG WAVE TROUGH PROVIDES SYNOPTIC SCALE LIFT OVER
UPSLOPE FLOW OVER THE SOUTHERN ROCKIES TO PRODUCE AXES OF 0.25 TO
0.50 INCHES OF QPF OVER THE SAN JUAN MOUNTAINS IN CO INTO
NORTHERNMOST NM.


...SOUTHERN PLAINS/LOWER AND MID MS VALLEY...

A LONG WAVE TROUGH OVER THE ROCKIES AND SOUTHWEST STATES ON DAY 2
WEAKENS AS IT MOVES EAST...EJECTING SHORT WAVE ENERGY IN THE
SOUTHWEST FLOW OVER THE SOUTHERN PLAINS INTO THE LOWER AND MID MS
VALLEY ON DAY 2. THE SHORT WAVE ENERGY PROVIDES LIFT OVER A
SLOWING FRONTAL BOUNDARY...WHICH FOCUSES DEEP MOISTURE AND
INSTABILITY FOR CONVECTION PRODUCING HEAVY TO EXCESSIVE RAINFALL.
AS THE LONG WAVE TROUGH REFORMS OVER THE WESTERN UNITED
STATES...THE MID LEVEL FLOW BECOMES MORE PARALLEL TO THE SURFACE
FRONT...AS MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY CONTINUE TO FEED CONVECTION
THAT PRODUCES HEAVY TO EXCESSIVE RAINFALL ON DAY 3. THERE IT STILL
SOME SPREAD ON THE SPEED OF THE FRONT AS IT DROPS SLOWLY
SOUTHEAST...SO THE WPC QPF WAS BASED ON A BLEND OF THE 00Z
ECMWF/UKMET.

DAY 2...
A SLOWING FRONTAL BOUNDARY EXTENDS FROM LP OF MI ACROSS IL/MO INTO
AR/NORTHEAST TX DURING DAY 2...MOVING SOUTHEAST UNDER A STRONG
SOUTHWEST MID LEVEL FLOW AHEAD OF A WEAKENING MID LEVEL TROUGH
OVER THE ROCKIES AND SOUTHWEST STATES. AHEAD OF THE FRONT...A 40
TO 50 KNOT LOW LEVEL SOUTHWEST FLOW TRANSPORTS 1.50/1.75 INCH
PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR (WHICH IS GREATER THAN FOUR STANDARD
DEVIATIONS ABOVE THE MEAN) FROM NORTHEAST TX INTO PORTIONS OF IL).
MODEL SOUNDINGS ALONG THE FRONT SHOWED MAINLY MARGINAL TO MODERATE
INSTABILITY FROM NORTHEAST INTO SOUTHEAST MO. THE COMBINATION OF
MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY WILL SUPPORT
CONVECTION ALONG THE FRONT...WHICH SHOULD BE ORGANIZED...BASED ON
ON THE SHEAR IN THE COLUMN...SUPPORTED BY DIVERGENCE IN THE RIGHT
REAR QUADRANT OF A 170 KNOT JET STREAK EXITING WI FOR ONTARIO.
WHILE THERE WAS SOME SPREAD ON THE PLACEMENT OF THE MAXIMUM
QPF...THERE WAS ENOUGH MODEL SIGNAL TO STRETCH AN AXIS OF 2.50 TO
4.00 INCHES OF QPF FROM NORTHEAST TX ACROSS EASTERN OK/NORTHWEST
AR INTO SOUTHERN MO.

THIS POSITION WAS SUPPORTED BY THE POSITIONS OF 00Z GEFS MEAN AND
THE 12Z ECMWF ENSEMBLE MEAN...WHILE MEMBERS OF THE 00Z GEFS SHOWED
4.00+ INCHES AMOUNTS IN THIS AXIS. HIGHER AMOUNTS ARE POSSIBLE
WHERE TRAINING OCCURS AHEAD OF THE SLOW MOVING FRONT. THREE HOUR
FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE VALUES HERE ARE FAIRLY HIGH... BUT AFTER
COLLABORATING WITH OFFICES IN THE REGION...THERE ARE VULNERABLE
SPOTS FROM AR INTO WESTERN TN...WHERE SOME STREAMS AND AND SMALL
RIVERS ARE CLOSE TO FLOOD. GIVEN THE DEPTH OF MOISTURE IN THE
COLUMN (AS THE LAYERED PRECIPITABLE WATER PRODUCT SHOWED MOISTURE
FROM THE EASTERN PACIFIC AND WESTERN GULF OF MEXICO POISED TO
BECOME PART OF THE MOISTURE PLUME)...A MODERATE RISK WAS PLACED
OVER NORTHEAST TX...NORTHWEST AR INTO SOUTHERN MO FOR DAY 2.

DAY 3...
THE LONG WAVE TROUGH RELOADS IN THE WEST AS SHORT WAVE ENERGY
DROPS INTO IT FROM THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST ON DAY 3. THE REFORMING
TROUGH BACKS THE MID LEVEL FLOW OVER THE SOUTHERN PLAINS INTO THE
LOWER AND MID MS VALLEY...SLOWING THE FRONT ACROSS THE REGION TO A
CRAWL. THERE IS BETTER AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE 00Z ECMWF/UKMET ON
DAY 3 WITH RESPECT TO THE PLACEMENT OF THE FRONT ACROSS
TX/AR...WITH THE 00Z GFS JUST A BIT SLOWER. AHEAD OF THE FRONT...A
25 TO 35 KNOT LOW LEVEL SOUTHWEST FLOW CONTINUES TO PUMP 1.50 INCH
PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR ACROSS NORTHEAST TX INTO SOUTHERN AR AND
WESTERN TN...AS MODEL SOUNDINGS SHOWED MARGINAL TO LOCALLY
MODERATE INSTABILITY...MAINLY IN THE 22/18Z TO 23/06Z TIME FRAME.

THERE IS DECENT MODEL AGREEMENT PLACING AN AXIS OF 3.50 TO 4.25
INCHES OF QPF EXTENDING FROM NORTHEAST TX ACROSS SOUTHERN
AR...WITH LESSER AMOUNTS INTO WESTERN TN (BASICALLY ALONG THE AXIS
OF BEST INSTABILITY). GIVEN THAT SOME OF THIS AREA WILL SEE HEAVY
RAINFALL ON DAY 2...PRODUCING NEARLY SATURATED ANTECEDENT
CONDITIONS...A MODERATE RISK WAS PLACED OVER NORTHEAST TX INTO
SOUTHERN AR (WHERE TWO DAY QPF TOTALS COULD LOCALLY EXCEED 6.00
INCHES).  THE MODERATE RISK WAS EXTENDED INTO WESTERN TN...AS WFO
MEG INDICATED THE ANTECEDENT CONDITIONS THERE ARE ALREADY WET. THE
PLACEMENT OF THE MODERATE RISK WAS COLLABORATED WITH WFOS
FWD/SHV/LZK/PAH/MEG.


...UPPER GREAT LAKES/OH VALLEY/NORTHEAST...

SHORT WAVE ENERGY EJECTED FROM A WEAKENING LONG WAVE TROUGH
PROVIDES LIFT OVER A FRONTAL BOUNDARY EXTENDING ACROSS THE GREAT
LAKES...OH VALLEY AND NORTHEAST ON DAY 2. THE FRONT DROPS SLOWLY
SOUTHEAST ON DAY 3...AS IT BECOMES MORE PARALLEL TO THE MID LEVEL
FLOW. DEEPENING MOISTURE AND MARGINAL INSTABILITY WILL FUEL LOW
TOPPED CONVECTION THAT PRODUCES HEAVY TO EXCESSIVE RAINFALL ON
DAYS 2 AND 3...ESPECIALLY OVER THE UPPER GREAT LAKES AND OH
VALLEY. THERE ARE SOME TIMING DIFFERENCES WITH RESPECT TO HOW
QUICKLY THE FRONT DROPS SOUTHEAST...SO THE WPC QPF WAS BASED ON A
BLEND OF THE 00Z ECMWF/UKMET/GFS...IN AN ATTEMPT TO MITIGATE SOME
OF THE PLACEMENT DIFFERENCES.

DAY 2...
A FRONTAL BOUNDARY EXTENDS FROM LP OF MI ACROSS IL/MO INTO
AR/NORTHEAST TX DURING DAY 2...MOVING SLOWLY SOUTHEAST UNDER A
STRONG SOUTHWEST MID LEVEL FLOW AHEAD OF A WEAKENING MID LEVEL
TROUGH OVER THE ROCKIES AND SOUTHWEST STATES. SHORT WAVE ENERGY
EJECTED FROM THE LONG WAVE TROUGH CROSSES THE FRONT...WITH THE
BEST MID LEVEL OCCURRING AFTER 21/00Z. AHEAD OF THE FRONT...A 40
TO 50 KNOT LOW LEVEL SOUTHWEST FLOW TRANSPORTS PRECIPITABLE WATER
AIR (WHICH IS GREATER THAN THREE DEVIATIONS ABOVE THE MEAN) FROM
SOUTH CENTRAL IL INTO THE LP OF MI. MODEL SOUNDINGS ALONG THE
FRONT SHOWED MARGINAL INSTABILITY INTO THE SOUTHERN LP OF MI
(WHERE THE INSTABILITY COULD BE ELEVATED). THERE IS A MULTI MODEL
SIGNAL FOR 1.50 TO 2.50 INCHES OF QPF ALONG THIS AXIS...WITH THE
HIGHEST AMOUNTS OVER CENTRAL IL INTO NORTHWEST IN (WHERE THE
COMBINATION OF MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY IS EXPECTED TO MAXIMIZE).
AS THE MID LEVEL FLOW BECOME MORE PARALLEL TO THE FRONT...SOME
TRAINING IS POSSIBLE...PRODUCING LOCALLY HIGHER QPF AMOUNTS. THREE
HOUR FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE VALUES ARE AS LOW AS 1.50 INCHES OVER
CENTRAL IL... SO A SLIGHT RISK AREA WAS EXTENDED FROM SOUTHERN IL
INTO THE LP OF MI FOR DAY 2.

DAY 3...
AS THE FRONT DROPS SLOWLY SOUTHEAST ACROSS THE OH VALLEY ON DAY
3...IT REMAINS THE FOCUS FOR DEEP MOISTURE (WITH PRECIPITABLE
WATER VALUES BETWEEN 1.00/1.25 INCHES...WHICH IS ABOUT THREE
STANDARD DEVIATIONS ABOVE THE MEAN). THE DEEP MOISTURE...COUPLED
WITH MARGINAL INSTABILITY (AS INDICATED BY MODEL SOUNDINGS FROM
SOUTHWEST OH/SOUTHERN IN/WESTERNMOST KY)...IS EXPECTED TO PRODUCE
LOW TOPPED CONVECTION...CENTERED BETWEEN 22/18Z TO 23/06Z. THE
850-300 MB FLOW BECOMES BETTER ALIGNED WITH THE PROPAGATION
VECTORS...SO TRAINING BECOMES MORE OF A CONCERN. THERE WAS A MULTI
MODEL SIGNAL FOR 1.25 TO 2.50 OF QPF STRETCHING FROM CENTRAL OH
INTO WESTERNMOST KY...WITH LESSER AMOUNTS INTO THE REMAINDER OF OH
INTO WESTERN PA/WV.

THREE HOUR FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE VALUES OVER EASTERN KY/SOUTHEAST
IN/SOUTHERN OH IS AS LOW AS 1.00 TO 1.50 INCHES...AND THE
ADDITIONAL QPF IS EXPECTED TO PRESENT A FLASH FLOOD THREAT FROM
SOUTHWEST OH/SOUTHERN IN INTO WESTERN KY. BASED ON THE ABOVE...A
SLIGHT RISK AREA WAS PLACED HERE FOR DAY 3.


HURLEY/HAYES


GRAPHICS AVAILABLE ON THE WEB AT
WWW.WPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/QPF/QPF2.SHTML


THIS DISCUSSION WILL TRANSITION TO MIXED-CASE FEB 26, 2018.  THE
LISTING OF ISOHYET POINTS CONTAINED BELOW WILL ALSO BE ELIMINATED
FROM THE PRODUCT FEB 26, 2018.  ISOHYET GRID INFORMATION WILL
CONTINUE TO BE GENERATED IN A VARIETY OF BINARY FORMATS AND MADE
AVAILABLE THROUGH THE WPC GIS PAGE.

24HR QP VT 20/12Z
 0.01 498321 499313 499308 496299 495293 493287 489280 484273
      474269 464266 459265 455265 450264 447265 439266 435267
      432270 429272 430277 434280 439281 449284 459288 461292
      459300 459306 460311 463315 467318 475322 485326 492326
      495325 498321
 0.01 495722 493707 491705 487707 487712 484715 483711 483703
      483696 474680 471675 471668 472659 473646 474639 471639
      464634 461633 458634 454637 449639 438642 427645 421648
      417651 411658 407665 403677 401689 398696 395704 393710
      392715 391721 389725 380743 379748 376753 367754 361755
      358754 349756 347759 341761 333758 329757 326760 325764
      322767 322771 325774 338774 342775 348775 348778 345781
      343783 342781 338780 335781 332785 327787 325791 324796
      325799 327800 331801 336800 346796 348796 350799 349804
      348809 348816 345826 340834 329842 336841 339843 338845
      330851 329855 329859 330863 333864 333867 337867 340868
      341871 333876 355867 352863 354857 360850 363847 363842
      359843 356847 352850 349849 351847 352842 356840 358836
      358832 356827 360823 368818 369812 372813 377822 377827
      379831 381833 381837 380843 377854 380870 377879 372886
      367895 362902 356908 355903 353900 351899 349901 349905
      351912 350915 348916 342924 337932 328945 323954 317960
      316965 311966 307968 303968 286974 289989 282995 280003
      278005 279007 281012 285014 288016 288019 290023 295023
      304022 307020 312020 316010 321003 329998 336995 343996
      354996 356991 359988 368983 372982 377984 386983 387986
      389983 393979 396977 406971 411972 412978 414978 415981
      413986 403001 398010 393016 389026 389033 387038 386043
      385046 383047 374044 368039 365041 363047 360049 358046
      357042 355040 352043 351045 353053 351054 348054 341053
      335053 330051 326049 323047 319048 322056 323061 320065
      316074 314078 317081 318084 313085 308086 305083 298077
      284069 266062 256058 249057 246060 246067 249075 254083
      261089 265093 268096 276101 283106 288114 291117 297119
      304117 314119 321121 324124 326122 329120 331122 331125
 0.01 331125 329128 329131 332127 335127 338129 343129 346133
      350139 355140 362138 366142 371145 372147 372150 368151
      362154 362157 364159 366157 371152 376150 382147 385148
      385151 381156 382158 384156 387154 389155 389159 387164
      385167 380163 375161 377164 382170 384172 383176 382182
      377181 374183 370183 363181 357181 351182 346187 346192
      347195 353200 354198 352195 352190 355188 358190 364192
      370196 375200 379204 385207 391208 396213 400213 400210
      400199 406194 402188 402185 404184 410178 414179 417182
      416186 414188 416195 411199 408205 405212 409213 413213
      415214 414217 413220 411225 413229 418225 418234 429232
      435230 439224 445221 447219 444217 437215 434216 430215
      427200 428193 430188 431184 429182 426180 430176 432174
      432171 428165 426163 425158 424152 423149 424147 425144
      427141 428142 432149 435159 435162 437165 440166 443164
      448164 447171 450178 449185 451188 457187 462183 466178
      468169 467155 467141 463142 458142 455140 453137 451136
      449140 446142 444142 443139 441133 437129 428118 429114
      433114 436112 439113 449110 450116 452117 456120 459117
      458114 460112 464112 465109 469110 467117 464119 465124
      467126 471127 475129 477118 478109 476100 474091 473088
      474084 473078 478064 478054 480042 478032 478022 477998
      479987 479984 482980 487966 489957 491948 494927 497907
      497901 493894 491886 488879 488874 486869 485864 485859
      485854 487849 486840 488821 489799 490779 490759 492741
      493736 493729 495722
 0.01 439251 440246 437244 433241 428237 426237 424240 400239
      397240 394239 389235 383232 378228 369213 366209 360210
      353208 348205 338198 337204 340209 348217 358225 368233
      372234 374237 378238 401250 406253 413255 419255 424254
      433254 439251
 0.01 420219 422217 421215 419216 419214 418211 416213 417215
      419216 419218 420219 420219
 0.01 423131 421126 420122 416122 411123 411126 412128 416130
      416132 410132 403132 402134 402138 406139 409138 415139
      416146 418144 419140 418137 419133 423131
 0.01 386111 387109 386107 384108 384109 383111 384111 385112
      386111
 0.01 372116 371114 370113 369112 368113 367115 369116 371117
      372116
 0.01 343180 345171 345167 343165 338162 333163 327160 322158
      319157 317158 314159 315161 317166 322170 328172 334176
      338179 343180
 0.01 350123 348122 346122 346123 346124 348124 350123
 0.01 342856 342853 340854 338854 338856 340858 342856 342856
 0.01 333073 331072 329071 327071 326072 327073 329073 331073
      333073
 0.01 326904 321899 322896 320893 307884 303878 301878 299882
      293887 289888 285887 282885 277885 272890 274894 276896
      279898 284898 287896 289896 290898 288906 299914 304914
      306919 308924 312920 312917 314912 317910 326904
 0.01 310154 310152 310151 308151 308153 308154 310154 310154
 0.01 298800 296798 294799 294801 296801 298800 298800
 0.01 291793 291789 289787 289785 287783 285781 283781 283785
      283790 282794 282796 284798 286798 288797 290795 291793
 0.01 292952 292951 290951 290952 288953 288954 287956 286956
      286958 286960 285962 284964 285965 286964 287964 288962
      289960 290958 290956 292954 292952
 0.01 283972 283970 283968 283966 282966 281967 280968 279969
      277970 275970 274972 273972 273974 274975 275975 277975
      279975 281974 283973 283972
 0.01 272810 268798 262798 259800 255801 250803 246798 240789
      236786 233785 230786 227791 226797 230811 231818 231826
      233833 235838 237845 240849 247858 251861 256864 258865
      263865 270864 271859 268855 260848 255836 252824 253819
      254816 253812 257811 259812 259815 260820 261821 265823
      266815 272810
 0.01 248002 248998 247996 246994 244991 241990 239989 236989
      234991 232993 232997 233000 234003 236005 238006 240006
      244004 245003 248002
 0.25 466749 466742 464736 460725 455718 449713 447710 442709
      440712 438716 436722 432724 425727 420728 419732 419739
      417744 414751 413758 415764 416769 413773 410782 406791
      404801 402824 401836 399846 393866 386882 377899 367913
      362920 359923 354925 350932 346940 343941 340945 336954
      331962 326968 316979 309983 301989 295995 293999 293004
      295008 299009 303008 306006 329982 332980 337980 344981
      347980 351977 356971 363968 368968 373968 382972 387972
      391970 396964 401955 411942 417935 423928 429925 432922
      435921 443923 449924 453923 459915 462905 464896 464890
      466886 469882 470876 470868 469861 464847 464835 463822
      462808 463798 465788 465782 465775 464769 465761 466749
 0.25 449672 447657 444654 442653 435652 429653 424657 421671
      418678 417686 418696 419701 419706 419715 422722 430711
      438700 442694 445688 448687 446684 447679 449672
 0.25 464873 464871 464870 464871 463873 464875 464873
 0.25 453008 454991 453977 454972 454964 451964 448968 443976
      440979 436981 433984 430989 428993 427998 427011 427018
      425025 424031 423034 424036 423040 421039 412044 404048
      400049 397053 395057 391060 374051 367051 362053 358053
      356055 355062 356067 358069 367074 372082 374087 377091
      383090 383093 386093 389090 390088 389086 388084 391085
      394090 401095 406098 408100 409098 414090 417076 424072
      428068 430063 430059 427053 426048 425043 429041 434041
      437040 441036 443031 445024 450016 453008
 0.25 396099 395097 394096 393098 394099 395100 396099
 0.25 392119 392117 392116 390116 389116 388116 387117 386118
      385119 384120 384121 386122 388122 390121 391121 392120
      392119
 0.25 393920 394917 392915 391916 390918 389919 389920 388922
      389924 389925 390924 391924 392922 393921 393920
 0.25 382135 382133 382131 382129 381128 380127 379126 377127
      375127 374129 374132 374133 375134 376135 378135 379135
      381136 382135
 0.25 368187 366186 364185 362185 361186 362187 364188 365189
      367189 368187
 0.25 378098 378096 378094 377096 377098 378099 378098
 0.25 380060 379059 378058 377057 375057 374056 372057 371057
      371059 372059 373060 375061 377061 379061 380060
 0.25 365121 363120 362121 363121 365121 365121
 0.25 349114 345105 345099 342094 337084 331078 328079 327082
      326087 326092 322095 322099 319103 316106 317110 323110
      326109 329111 332114 338116 344116 349114 349114
 0.25 343061 341059 339058 337058 336057 332055 330055 327055
      326057 328059 330060 334061 336062 339064 341063 343061
 0.25 303099 303097 302096 300095 298095 296095 295096 296097
      298098 299099 301099 303099 303099
 0.25 291094 288084 283078 276072 269068 260064 257063 253064
      252069 252074 257081 262086 270091 274093 280094 291094
 0.25 242821 242819 242817 240816 240817 240819 240821 241823
      242821
 0.50 454752 453746 452743 449740 445739 440741 435743 432742
      429740 426741 424746 424752 425758 427761 429767 428772
      427776 425779 422780 419779 415780 411788 409798 408808
      406816 405824 404834 402844 398860 391876 385890 378906
      375911 370916 365923 361930 356929 353930 353936 350945
      342947 339955 337962 337969 339973 342973 354965 356962
      360961 364959 367957 370951 373941 378928 383920 387913
      391908 395906 398906 401908 401914 398922 396929 393938
      391947 387954 387960 389962 393960 395957 403944 407938
      410931 414923 419919 424914 429905 432899 435891 437883
      437873 440864 444856 448850 450839 454822 455811 455800
      454790 454784 453779 451770 451762 454752
 0.50 406058 407056 406055 404054 402055 402056 401058 402060
      402061 404061 404060 405059 406058
 0.50 402072 401069 398067 394067 393066 389065 388068 387072
      387074 388077 390079 392080 394080 397078 399076 401074
      402072
 0.50 381083 383076 381072 379067 377064 372062 368059 366060
      365063 367068 369070 372074 374079 375083 378084 381083
      381083
 0.50 374053 372052 370052 368053 367054 366054 366056 366058
      367057 368056 370055 371055 372054 374053 374053
 0.50 346112 346111 345109 344107 343105 341106 340107 340109
      340110 341111 342112 344113 346112 346112
 0.50 342100 343098 342096 342095 340093 338093 337093 336095
      335097 334099 334100 335101 336103 337103 339104 341102
      342100
 0.50 334110 334108 333108 332110 333111 334110
 0.50 335088 336086 335086 334084 333084 332083 330083 330084
      330086 331088 333090 335090 335088
 0.50 334058 332057 330057 328057 328058 330058 332058 334058
      334058
 0.50 310996 310994 309994 308995 306995 305996 304997 302998
      300999 299000 299002 300003 302002 304001 306001 307000
      308000 309998 310997 310996
 0.50 281086 281082 280080 276075 272073 267069 262066 258065
      255067 254069 255075 258080 262084 267087 273089 279088
      281086
 1.00 444817 445810 443805 440801 439798 442791 441781 441775
      440768 437772 436776 433783 428792 424801 422805 420808
      413825 411828 409833 407842 404853 401861 387895 385902
      388903 390902 393900 406890 411884 417878 420875 423879
      424884 424891 421900 424899 426896 430876 432864 436857
      439847 436846 434848 431851 428848 428841 428836 429831
      431828 433825 437822 440825 442824 444817
 1.00 438758 437756 436756 435755 435756 435758 436758 437759
      438758
 1.00 377073 377071 377069 376068 375066 373064 372064 371064
      370063 369064 371066 371067 373068 373069 374071 374072
      375073 376075 377073
 1.00 361943 360941 359939 358938 357938 355938 355941 355943
      355944 356945 357947 359947 361945 361943 361943
 1.00 272083 273079 271077 270075 267072 265071 263070 260069
      258071 258072 259076 261078 263080 264081 266082 270084
      272083
 1.50 417853 417846 416839 413840 411843 407852 403862 400870
      396878 394883 395889 399887 402883 407875 411868 415859
      417853
 2.00 404873 404871 403869 402871 401871 401873 400875 400876
      399878 400879 401878 402876 404873 404873

24HR QP VT 21/12Z
 0.01 415311 426312 429311 430309 433308 436310 439309 445311
      449314 453316 465320 470320 476322 481324 485323 488322
      491318 489304 496294 497288 496282 492271 489262 492249
      492238 487230 481229 477224 478207 468204 463201 462198
      459192 456189 452183 447181 444184 442188 440192 438199
      433210 428222 427229 425233 422238 419242 408241 401239
      396239 385237 382239 377240 370242 364245 361250 360255
      359262 361270 368278 369285 372289 374292 380295 390299
      405307
 0.01 533747 532730 529717 522692 517682 511672 499652 497647
      495645 491638 483636 477632 463628 458629 455630 453629
      447635 442637 438641 434640 432643 429645 427652 424656
      424662 424666 426676 431687 434703 435711 434717 434724
      433730 429739 424746 422754 422766 422773 421778 416795
      409815 404823 401828 398831 390838 387841 384847 382852
      378856 374858 369858 366856 364852 362848 363843 366834
      368826 368815 367810 364807 362807 356810 348815 334826
      326831 322833 322828 321823 320821 316821 306818 295815
      287811 288807 285804 278801 270798 262798 257799 253801
      252805 257805 263804 267804 270806 267808 265813 267817
      269821 272824 280828 289831 298836 302838 304842 305846
      303848 301853 299856 295857 290858 288856 283856 280856
      277855 274852 264838 260831 256825 247827 242831 242837
      243842 245847 247850 257867 262874 267882 273893 281898
      288904 293910 300914 304916 309916 314918 317917 324913
      324917 323922 320925 317924 308925 300922 296920 290920
      287923 286928 279935 274941 271948 268952 263963 261969
      260975 259980 260983 260986 258987 251989 242985 240989
      235987 232988 230992 235998 243003 246005 247009 250020
      256026 259029 264031 268032 275033 282033 287031 295024
      300024 304026 309027 312028 314026 316022 315019 317015
      319005 324998 335997 342994 358987 362985 366982 374977
      377974 382971 390964 395962 398959 402955 406952 418943
      423943 426946 429949 430953 431958 430963 426973 424979
      424987 427994 435000 438002 443003 448005 453005 461002
      465999 468994 474987 477984 481979 486968 488963 491960
      497955 509944 519933 524925 526920 528915 531910 532903
      534891
 0.01 534891 534880 534873 535869 534856 534843 533830 532816
      530806 529793 528780 529769 532760 533755 533750 533747
 0.01 422119 422114 421112 415112 412110 413104 413096 409089
      405091 404099 400106 396112 393112 390114 382122 375130
      377132 380131 384129 389125 393120 400118 406118 422119
      422119
 0.01 407058 407055 404053 399050 395049 392048 387049 383056
      383060 377063 371061 367061 366063 365072 368077 371084
      374089 376091 378090 382091 385094 387093 392088 397090
      402086 402081 404077 407061 407058
 0.01 353881 350878 347877 337874 333872 328872 325872 321875
      321879 323883 328889 331889 333891 335895 333900 334904
      337901 343895 349888 353881
 0.01 346085 346079 344074 344070 346068 346063 344057 341056
      338057 335056 332052 327054 327057 328060 331061 332064
      329068 335069 338071 335073 332077 328083 334093 337097
      341099 344094 345087 346085
 0.01 321087 321079 320074 317071 314073 312079 311082 308083
      303084 297083 296082 292081 290083 292087 289089 284091
      281095 290098 300097 305094 311094 319091 321087
 0.01 264068 265062 262061 255058 249054 247052 243051 239051
      237053 237059 238061 242066 245072 248079 254077 260072
      264068
 0.25 513754 513745 512736 509720 507700 503682 499670 494659
      490655 486654 479650 471650 460656 457662 455668 456677
      454683 450692 448703 444727 442734 440738 434749 432755
      432762 432771 431780 427792 424801 415819 410827 404837
      389855 377871 372878 366885 352900 344908 340912 337917
      325933 320940 312943 303947 299951 296956 292967 286978
      281986 275994 274000 276003 280006 286006 290005 296005
      302006 307006 311002 314997 318994 323990 331986 339983
      348980 357976 375965 380963 385959 393952 406937 412930
      415919 419910 425900 432890 435885 438878 442870 447861
      458843 462834 465829 469824 474821 477817 478809 482804
      491796 496788 501780 507774 510769 512762 513754
 0.25 444289 446285 445281 441276 437272 436267 436257 438254
      442249 439246 436246 431249 427254 419259 414263 411269
      410273 408275 406277 406281 410286 414289 419290 424293
      431294 435292 441292 444289
 0.25 360825 359821 356822 354824 352826 350829 349832 349835
      350838 352837 355835 356832 358830 359828 360825
 0.25 305865 305863 304862 302862 300862 299863 299865 300867
      301868 303869 304867 304866 305865
 0.50 472726 471712 469707 466704 462703 457704 454707 451712
      449724 448732 441745 438754 436766 434779 431788 429798
      426806 420820 415828 410835 398850 380875 374881 368887
      361894 355901 345912 337924 332931 327938 320945 314951
      303962 295972 290980 286988 290994 294996 300996 307999
      312993 318988 323984 330980 338977 349974 357971 370963
      376958 381954 389951 394944 403926 412912 420899 429883
      437864 441856 443848 449831 454811 457786 459775 460766
      467749 469744 471736 472726
 1.00 452750 452748 451748 450746 448747 447749 447750 446751
      445754 445756 446759 446760 446761 447763 447766 448767
      449765 450763 451760 451759 451757 452755 452752 452751
      452750
 1.00 448773 448770 448768 447766 446768 445769 445771 444773
      444774 443776 444778 444780 446780 447778 447775 447774
      448773
 1.00 443807 443804 441801 440798 437798 433799 431802 429808
      425820 420830 417836 414840 409845 404849 396857 391866
      376886 361901 353910 346920 340929 333936 325945 317954
      310961 303970 299974 301978 305979 307981 307986 310987
      318981 326975 336969 340968 344969 349968 357963 363961
      368959 377952 384940 396923 399918 403914 408908 409905
      411898 413893 418884 425873 431859 435849 437843 438836
      443807
 1.50 432840 433832 429826 425831 422836 417844 413854 404857
      397866 391872 386880 380888 373896 367902 360910 358912
      353914 347924 336938 321952 310965 308969 308973 310975
      313978 318976 330965 335962 339960 343959 344962 344965
      347966 354961 358958 363957 365958 370955 373952 377947
      387931 392922 395909 399901 406894 411887 417876 422868
      426859 430847 432840
 2.00 425850 425843 422846 417856 410863 406871 401880 398883
      396881 389888 385895 378903 376905 375903 372904 369907
      367912 365916 362920 359923 357925 354925 349927 345930
      333943 326949 318957 316960 314965 312971 315975 321971
      329963 337959 343954 349953 349956 347958 348962 351961
      364952 368948 371944 374939 373934 384919 386915 388909
      384904 386899 397883 397887 399889 404887 408883 412879
      421863 424855 425850
 2.00 368920 366920 365921 364921 363923 362923 362925 362927
      362928 364927 365925 366924 366923 368921 368920
 3.00 365936 364935 363935 361936 359938 358938 357940 356941
      357942 359942 360941 361940 363939 364938 364937 365936
 3.00 339945 339942 336943 333947 328951 325955 321959 318964
      320967 323967 326963 331960 328957 332954 337949 339945

24HR QP VT 22/12Z
 0.01 452325 460323 466321 470322 474321 481319 488317 493311
      497305 502296 510281 514274 519263 522254 525244 527230
      526220 518215 515206 511199 509196 506195 503198 501203
      500206 498205 495201 492199 490200 483204 481206 483209
      487216 490219 492224 494228 494233 491236 486235 478232
      474232 473239 476246 477249 474252 472256 469257 463259
      460260 456263 451269 446278 445281 442284 435289 431292
      429300 428304 427310 430316
 0.01 538789 537763 536757 534752 533739 528721 522704 519694
      516685 509667 505659 502653 494642 490634 488631 485631
      482630 478631 470632 462635 456635 447646 442652 440659
      442666 444676 448682 453688 455690 455697 451704 446708
      437711 433713 431717 427723 419735 414740 409744 404747
      400753 398761 394769 386781 384782 381780 376780 366791
      361796 356799 351799 345802 343804 340807 336812 332817
      326822 323821 319821 307818 301821 301826 300829 305846
      307849 307854 311860 311862 309864 307866 303868 299870
      281887 280891 279897 276904 273910 270915 266919 262926
      259933 259941 266953 267956 266960 262967 258972 253976
      247979 241980 232981 231987 233994 235998 238000 242005
      247008 261013 269013 275015 284016 292016 304019 309020
      312018 318016 322012 325005 327002 331002 333006 336008
      349009 353004 357996 360991 365987 377977 388969 393966
      397961 401953 404946 407938 409933 409929 407924 405921
      405918 407913 408907 410898 411887 413880 420864 426850
      433838 438832 442826 449814 466789 475779 481774 484771
      488773 493777 496784 502801 505810 510815 515822 519824
      524826 532825 536821 538813 538798 537791 538789
 0.01 468147 468145 464144 459143 459140 461138 465139 467137
      466132 463117 460116 457118 455115 454113 456110 456103
      454095 452093 449092 446092 443093 435103 435109 437110
      438112 442113 446120 442127 440133 436138 433145 434153
      437160 441166 443167 444172 443179 441183 433191 431192
      429191 425189 420187 415191 410192 398197 392198 384197
      379194 375196 375198 376202 378204 382209 388212 392213
      395216 396218 394220 388220 385221 384219 381217 375214
      372213 369214 366221 367226 371232 375236 381239 388241
      393245 396247 397250 395252 395256 396259 406268 412269
      415268 419269 429265 437267 441266 442264 450253 453250
      453246 454238 449217 444213 443208 445204 447194 450187
      453179 454169 458163 458158 460155 461150 465149 468147
 0.01 400058 399053 393056 389050 387049 383048 377046 371046
      358049 353054 353059 355061 359061 354064 353067 352072
      354074 358075 359078 362080 368082 376084 380084 382082
      387077 390077 392075 396069 398062 400058
 0.25 501262 500256 499253 495251 492256 489258 486261 484266
      485269 489268 492266 494262 497260 499261 501262
 0.25 492674 491668 489662 487658 484653 482651 478651 476653
      475659 477666 480670 482673 485676 488680 491680 492674
      492674
 0.25 442220 443218 442216 440216 439217 438219 439221 439222
      440222 441221 442220
 0.25 437221 436220 434220 433220 431220 429220 427220 425222
      425223 427224 428224 430225 432225 433224 434223 435223
      436222 437221
 0.25 433766 432761 429762 425770 419785 416793 414792 412789
      410786 410782 409779 409774 410771 408768 404784 399789
      397791 392793 386797 381802 371815 365820 357824 342830
      341834 341841 340851 335866 332873 326879 316890 310895
      303899 298903 294910 293913 292919 292925 290934 287942
      284951 281957 276974 273981 273985 277989 289995 292997
      294000 295004 297007 300009 304008 311004 314002 316998
      319989 327976 330970 335965 347954 358943 366929 375918
      380911 383903 391887 398873 405859 409852 413845 417837
      421829 425822 428813 430806 432796 432794 429789 429783
      430778 433766
 0.25 410787 408784 407787 408787 410787
 0.25 380056 379054 379053 377052 376052 374053 372053 374053
      375055 376055 377055 379056 380056
 0.25 377073 378071 378069 377067 377066 375064 374064 373063
      371063 370063 368061 367061 368063 369066 369068 369069
      369070 371072 372073 374073 375073 376073 377073
 0.25 361067 361065 360065 359067 360068 361067
 0.50 424796 424794 423793 423794 423796 423797 424796
 0.50 422808 423803 422801 419806 410815 399818 390810 386813
      382818 374828 366838 362840 356843 349853 348861 346866
      337877 329885 325889 322894 320900 317906 313910 308912
      302924 301931 297938 291947 293950 292954 290960 285972
      285977 285981 288984 292985 295983 297987 297994 297999
      298003 304002 309998 312994 315988 318982 323971 327965
      332961 340954 348945 355936 363926 369915 377904 383894
      395872 406847 418824 420814 422808
 0.50 391801 391799 390799 389799 388801 387803 386804 385806
      385809 386809 387807 388806 389805 390803 391801
 1.00 398841 399834 394835 390836 386835 383837 380841 375848
      362861 352875 340889 335896 330904 325912 319918 315925
      312935 310940 309946 305954 294968 293973 296976 305979
      307983 306988 307990 309985 310981 311978 313977 317974
      319971 324963 330958 343945 348938 353930 372898 382883
      392867 398841
 1.50 383857 382853 380856 375860 370866 366871 358881 347890
      340902 332912 323923 317935 311948 308954 305962 305968
      307971 311972 316971 318969 322964 327958 331955 339945
      347933 353919 360907 368896 375884 379879 382871 383857
 2.00 376875 376871 373870 370873 363883 356890 353894 350899
      347903 342906 334913 328921 323931 317941 313952 310956
      309963 312967 318967 325958 332952 339942 344932 354912
      357907 360903 366894 376875
 3.00 348917 348914 345914 341916 338915 334919 330930 325939
      321947 318952 317958 320958 325954 332947 337939 341930
      346921 348917
 4.00 331943 330942 328942 327943 327944 326945 327947 328947
      330945 331943

$$





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