Quantitative Precipitation Forecast
Issued by NWS

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000
FXUS04 KWBC 210824
QPFPFD

QUANTITATIVE PRECIPITATION FORECAST DISCUSSION
NWS WEATHER PREDICTION CENTER COLLEGE PARK MD
423 AM EDT TUE MAR 21 2017


PRELIM DAY 1...DAY 2 AND DAY 3 QPF DISCUSSION
VALID MAR 21/1200 UTC THRU MAR 24/1200 UTC
REFERENCE AWIPS GRAPHICS UNDER...PRECIP ACCUM - 24HR

DAY 1...

...WESTERN U.S....

THE FULL LATITUDE TROUGH OFF THE WEST COAST WILL AGAIN BECOME
REINFORCED FROM BOTH NORTHERN AND SOUTHERN STREAM COMPONENTS
UPSTREAM -- THIS AS THE INITIAL CYCLONE OFF THE PAC NW BECOMES
ABSORBED INTO THE DEEPENING LOW OFF THE B.C. COAST WEDNESDAY
MORNING. MEANWHILE...THE APPROACHING UPPER LEVEL JET STREAK
ROUNDING THE TROUGH BASE WILL FURTHER AMPLIFY THE SOUTHERN STREAM
WAVE AS IT APPROACHES CA LATE IN THE PERIOD. PRE-FRONTAL
STRENGTHENING ONSHORE SOUTH-SOUTHWESTERLY FLOW IN AN AXIS OF 3-3.5
STANDARD DEVIATIONS ABOVE THE MEAN PW ANOMALIES WILL SUPPORT
WIDESPREAD MODERATE TO HEAVY PRECIP TOTALS FROM THE CENTRAL COAST
RANGE INTO THE SOUTHERN-CENTRAL SIERRA...WHILE THE POST-FRONTAL
WESTERLY FLOW (STILL MOIST YET NOT NEARLY AS ANOMALOUS) WILL
RESULT IN ADDITIONAL MOD-HEAVY PCPN AMOUNTS ACROSS FROM THE BAY
AREA-NORTH COAST AND INTO THE SHASTA/SISKIYOUS AND NORTHERN
SIERRA. IN TERMS OF THE QPF...WPC AGAIN UTILIZED A MULTI-MODEL
BLEND OF (MAINLY) THE HIGHER RESOLUTION GUIDANCE...GIVEN THE
BETTER SENSITIVITY OVER THE TERRAIN.

A MARGINAL RISK OF EXCESSIVE RAINFALL WILL REMAIN ACROSS EASTERN
SACRAMENTO/SAN JOAQUIN VALLEYS INTO THE WESTERN SLOPES OF THE
SIERRA DURING THE DAY 1 PERIOD...AIDED BY THE WET ANTECEDENT
CONDITIONS AND (OVER THE HIGHER TERRAIN) ADDED CONTRIBUTION FROM
SNOWMELT.


...PORTIONS OF THE NORTHERN TO CENTRAL PLAINS...

WEAK SHORTWAVE ENERGY PUSHING EASTWARD FROM THE LEE OF THE
NORTHERN ROCKIES ACROSS PORTIONS OF THE NORTHERN TO CENTRAL PLAINS
WILL ENHANCE ISENTROPIC LIFT OVER THE LOW LEVEL COLD AIR BECOMING
ESTABLISHED ACROSS THE MID SECTION OF THE NATION.
FURTHERMORE...THE BACK-BUILDING UPPER JET STREAK ACROSS THE
NORTHERN PLAINS-UPPER MIDWEST WILL ENHANCE THE UPPER DIVERGENCE
AND LOW-MID LEVEL FRONTOGENESIS AT TIMES VIA THE RIGHT-ENTRANCE
REGION... PARTICULARLY EARLY (TUE AM) AND LATE (TUE NIGHT). THESE
FEATURES WILL SUPPORT A STRIPE OF PCPN WITH A MAX AROUND 0.25 INCH
NEAR/ALONG THE NE-SD BORDER. SEE THE LATEST QPFHSD FOR ADDITIONAL
WINTER WEATHER INFORMATION.


...LOWER MISSISSIPPI VALLEY / TENNESSEE VALLEY / SOUTHEAST...

ANOTHER ROUND OF ELEVATED CONVECTION...BUOYED TO A LARGE DEGREE BY
STEEP MID LEVEL LAPSE RATES (7.5-8.0+ C/KM BETWEEN 700-500 MB)
WILL ALIGN ALONG AND BEHIND THE QUASI WEST-EAST SURFACE FRONT
DROPPING INTO THE LOWER MS VALLEY-SOUTHEAST REGION DURING THE
PERIOD. THE MODEL QPF SPREAD IS NOT AS SIGNIFICANT TODAY AS IT WAS
YESTERDAY WHEN THE CONVECTION WAS FARTHER NORTH (MIDWEST-OH
VALLEY). WPC THEREFORE WAS ABLE TO INCORPORATE A MULTI-MODEL BLEND
(GFS/ECMWF/RGEM/PARALLEL NAM)...WHICH MATCHED UP FAIRLY WELL WITH
THE HIGH-RES MEANS.

GIVEN THE AVAILABLE INSTABILITY (MODEL MUCAPES AVERAGING 1000-2000
J/KG)...ALONG WITH THE POTENTIAL FOR TRAINING THIS AFTERNOON AND
EVENING AS THE WESTERLY LOW-LEVEL FLOW ALIGNS NEARLY PARALLEL TO
THE MEAN 850-300 MB FLOW... LOCALIZED SHORT-TERM RUNOFF ISSUES
WILL BE POSSIBLE...PARTICULARLY FROM SOUTHERN MO-NORTHERN AR ESE
THROUGH MUCH OF THE TN VALLEY WHERE THE ANTECEDENT CONDITIONS
(LOWER 1-3 HOURLY FFG VALUES) WOULD BE MORE CONDUCIVE.


DAYS 2 AND 3...


...WEST COAST/SOUTHWEST/GREAT BASIN...

A LONG WAVE TROUGH APPROACHES THE WEST COAST DURING DAY 2...AND
DEEP MOISTURE AHEAD OF IT FEEDS CONVECTION THAT PRODUCES HEAVY TO
LOCALLY EXCESSIVE RAINFALL ACROSS PORTIONS OF SOUTHERN CA INTO THE
GREAT BASIN. A CLOSED MID LEVEL LOW FORMS AT THE BASE OF THE LONG
WAVE TROUGH OVER
NV/UT EARLY ON DAY 3...WHICH TRACKS TO SOUTHEAST CO. THERE WAS
GENERALLY GOOD MODEL AGREEMENT WITH THE OVERALL EVOLUTION OF THE
SYNOPTIC SCALE SYSTEM...SO THE WPC QPF WAS BASED ON A BLEND OF THE
00Z ECMWF/GFS.

AS THE LONG WAVE TROUGH APPROACHES SOUTHERN CA EARLY ON DAY 2...A
LOW LEVEL WEST SOUTHWEST FLOW TRANSPORTS 1.00/1.25 INCH
PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR (WHICH IS ABOUT THREE STANDARD DEVIATIONS
ABOVE THE MEAN) ACROSS SOUTHERN CA. MODEL SOUNDINGS SHOWED
MARGINAL INSTABILITY IN THE MOISTURE PLUME...WHICH COULD SUPPORT
LOW TOPPED CONVECTION AND ELEVATED RAINFALL RATES. THE LOW LEVEL
FLOW FOCUSES THE MOISTURE ON THE SAN BERNARDINO AND SAN GABRIEL
MOUNTAINS...WHERE THE UPSLOPE FLOW AND SCATTERED CONVECTION IS
EXPECTED TO PRODUCE 1.00 TO 1.50 INCHES OF QPF (IT SHOULD NOTED
THAT THE 00Z GFS IS STILL PRODUCE 2.00+ INCHES OF QPF HERE). THE
DEPTH OF THE MOISTURE AND THE POTENTIAL FOR HIGHER RAINFALL RATES
IN CONVECTION WARRANTS LEAVING THE MARGINAL RISK IN PLACE FOR DAY
2.

FURTHER EAST ACROSS NV/AZ/UT...THE MOISTURE IS NOT QUITE AS
ROBUST...AS THE MOISTURE PLUME WEAKENS ACROSS SOUTHERN CA AND THE
NORTHERN BAJA PENINSULA. STILL...PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES AS HIGH
AS 0.75 INCHES...COMBINED WITH MARGINAL INSTABILITY...WILL SUPPORT
A STRIPE OF 0.75 TO 1,00 INCHES OF QPF STRETCHING FROM NORTHERN
EDGE OF THE MOGOLLON RIM TO THE SOUTHERN WASATCH IN UT. THREE HOUR
FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE ARE AS LOW AS 1.50 TO 2.00 INCHES ACROSS
PORTIONS OF WESTERN AZ. WHILE THE WPC QPF AMOUNTS ARE LOWER THAN
THESE VALUES...THE POTENTIAL FOR REPEAT CONVECTION IN THE TERRAIN
WARRANTS A MARGINAL RISK FOR DAY 2.

FURTHER NORTH ACROSS CENTRAL NV INTO THE NORTHERN AND CENTRAL
WASATCH IN UT...THE MOISTURE PLUME WEAKENS FURTHER...BUT THERE IS
STILL SOME CONVECTION POTENTIAL. BOTH THE 00Z ECMWF/GFS HAVE QPF
AMOUNTS IN EXCESS OF AN OF INCH OVER THE WASATCH...BUT IN
DIFFERENT LOCATIONS. WITH THAT IN MIND...0.75 INCH QPF AMOUNTS
WERE PLACED IN THESE LOCATIONS. SNOW LEVELS FALL ACROSS THE GREAT
BASIN...WHICH MITIGATES THE FLASH FLOOD THREAT ON DAY 2.

FINALLY ON DAY 2...A CLOSED LOW OFF THE BRITISH COLUMBIA COASTS
EJECTS STRONG SHORT WAVE ENERGY ACROSS WA/OR TOWARD THE END OF THE
PERIOD. AHEAD OF THE SHORT WAVE ENERGY...A LOW LEVEL WEST
SOUTHWEST FLOW TRANSPORTS 0.75 INCH PRECIPTABLE WATER VALUES TO
THE COAST. THE UPSLOPE FLOW...AUGMENTED BY SYNOPTIC SCALE ASCENT
PROVIDED BY THE SHORT WAVE...IS EXPECTED TO PRODUCE AXES OF 0.50
TO 1.00 INCHES OF QPF ACROSS THE OLYMPIC RANGE AND NORTHERN
CASCADES OF WA.

A CLOSED MID LEVEL LOW FORMS AT THE BASE OF THE LONG WAVE TROUGH
AS IT CROSSES THE GREAT BASIN LATE ON DAY 2 INTO EARLY DAY 3.
BEHIND THE CLOSED LOW...UPSLOPE FLOW ASSOCIATED WITH SURFACE LOW
PRESSURE DEEPENING ALONG THE FRONT RANGE OF THE ROCKIES FOCUSES
THE REMAINING MOISTURE TO PRODUCE AN AXIS OF 0.50 TO 0.75 INCHES
OF QPF ACROSS THE SPINE OF THE WASATCH MOUNTAINS IN UT.

HEAVY SNOW IS POSSIBLE OVER PORTIONS OF THE REGION DURING DAYS 2
AND 3. PLEASE REFER TO THE LATEST SUITE OF WPC WINTER WEATHER
PRODUCTS FOR MORE INFORMATION.


...ROCKIES/CENTRAL PLAINS/UPPER GREAT LAKES...

A CLOSED MID LEVEL LOW FORMS AT THE BASE OF A LONG WAVE TROUGH
CROSSING THE GREAT BASIN ON DAY 2. THE CLOSED LOW THEN CROSSES THE
SOUTHERN ROCKIES DURING DAY 3. LIFT ASSOCIATED WITH THE CLOSED LOW
SPINS UP SURFACE LOW PRESSURE ALONG THE FRONT RANGE OF THE
ROCKIES...WHICH DEEPENS LATE. THE 00Z ECMWF WAS A BIT FASTER WITH
THE CLOSED MID LEVEL LOW ON DAY 3...OTHERWISE THERE WAS GOOD MODEL
AGREEMENT OVER THE ROCKIES. BASED ON THIS...THE WPC QPF WAS BASED
ON A BLEND OF THE 00Z ECMWF/GFS.

AS A CLOSED MID LEVEL LOW OVER THE NV/UT BORDER EARLY ON DAY 3 TO
A POSITION OVER SOUTHEAST CO BY THE END OF THE PERIOD...IT SPINS
UP LOW PRESSURE ALONG THE FRONT RANGE OF THE ROCKIES. AHEAD OF THE
DEVELOPING SURFACE LOW...A LOW LEVEL SOUTHERLY FLOW TRANSPORTS
0.50 INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR ACROSS THE FRONT RANGE OF THE
ROCKIES OF CO/NE. THE MOISTURE BECOMES ENTRAINED INTO THE
DEVELOPING DEFORMATION ZONE OVER THE FRONT RANGE...RESULTING A
LARGE AREA OF 0.50 TO 1.00 INCHES OF QPF COVERING MUCH OF THE CO
ROCKIES INTO SOUTHEAST WY. STRENGTHENING UPSLOPE FLOW ACROSS
ACROSS THE FRONT RANGE OF THE CO ROCKIES WILL FOCUS THE UPSLOPE
MOISTURE...PRODUCING AN AXIS OF 1.25 TO 1.50 INCHES OF QPF THERE.
IT IS POSSIBLE THAT THE LARGER SCALE MODELS ARE UNDERPLAYING THE
POTENTIAL FOR QPF HERE...AND AMOUNTS COULD BE RAISED IF HIGHER
RESOLUTION MODELS INDICATE HIGHER AMOUNTS IN SUBSEQUENT MODEL
RUNS.

A FRONTAL BOUNDARY EXTENDING FROM THE SURFACE LOW WILL STRETCH
ACROSS SOUTHEAST WY ACROSS NORTHERN NE INTO SOUTHERN MN AND
CENTRAL WI BECOMES THE FOCUS FOR DEEPENING MOISTURE IN THE
STRENGTHENING SOUTHERLY AHEAD OF SURFACE AND MID LEVEL SYSTEMS. A
30 TO 40 KNOT LOW LEVEL SOUTHERLY FLOW ACROSS THE SOUTHERN AND
CENTRAL PLAINS TRANSPORTS 1.00/1.25 INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR
(WHICH IS BETWEEN TWO AND THREE STANDARD DEVIATIONS ABOVE THE
MEAN) ALONG AND OVER THE FRONT...MAINLY BETWEEN 24/00Z AND 24/06Z.
MODEL SOUNDINGS SHOWED MARGINAL INSTABILITY IN THIS TIME
FRAME...WHICH IS EXPECTED TO SUPPORT ELEVATED CONVECTION ALONG AND
NORTH OF THE FRONT.  THERE WAS A MULTI MODEL SIGNAL FOR 1.50
INCHES OF QPF WITH THE QPF ACROSS NORTHERN NE...WHERE SANDY SOILS
SUGGEST THAT FLASH FLOODING IS NOT VERY LIKELY. HOWEVER...ANY
DEVIATION IN THE AXIS COULD RESULT IN A HIGHER FLASH FLOOD
POTENTIAL...AND A MARGINAL RISK MAY BE NEEDED IN LATER FORECASTS
IF THIS OCCURS.

HEAVY SNOW IS POSSIBLE OVER THE ROCKIES DURING DAY 3. PLEASE REFER
TO THE LATEST SUITE OF WPC WINTER WEATHER PRODUCTS FOR MORE
INFORMATION.


...LOWER MS VALLEY/SOUTHERN PLAINS...

MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY IN THE RETURN FLOW AROUND HIGH PRESSURE
OVER THE EASTERN UNITED STATES RIDES UP OVER A WEAKENING
STATIONARY FRONT OVER THE LOWER MS VALLEY DURING DAY 2. SHORT WAVE
ENERGY IN THE SOUTHWEST FLOW AHEAD OF A LONG WAVE TROUGH INTERACTS
WITH DEEPENING MOISTURE AND MAINLY ELEVATED INSTABILITY TO PRODUCE
CONVECTION ACROSS THE SOUTHERN PLAINS DURING DAY 3.
OVERALL...THERE WAS GENERALLY GOOD MODEL AGREEMENT WITH BOTH
SYSTEMS...SO THE WPC QPF WAS BASED ON A BLEND OF THE 00Z ECMWF/GFS.

A WEAKENING FRONTAL BOUNDARY ACROSS OK/AR EARLY ON DAY 2 BECOMES
THE FOCUS FOR MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY IN THE RETURN FLOW AROUND
HIGH PRESSURE OFF THE EAST COAST. A 25 KNOT LOW LEVEL SOUTHWEST
FLOW TRANSPORTS 1.00/1.25 INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR (WHICH IS
ABOUT TWO STANDARD DEVIATIONS ABOVE THE MEAN) OVER THE
FRONT...WHERE MODEL SOUNDINGS SHOWED MARGINAL...MAINLY ELEVATED
INSTABILITY. MID LEVEL FORCING IS LACKING (AS MID LEVEL RIDGING
STARTS BREAKING DOWN AHEAD OF A CLOSED MID LEVEL LOW OVER THE
ROCKIES)...SO THE CONVECTION SHOULD REMAIN LOOSELY ORGANIZED AT
BEST. AN AREA OF 0.10 TO 0.25 INCHES OF QPF WAS PLACED HERE TO
ACCOUNT FOR THE CONVECTION.

AS THE MID LEVEL FLOW VEERS TO THE SOUTHWEST DURING DAY 3...SHORT
WAVE ENERGY CROSSES THE SOUTHERN AND CENTRAL PLAINS. LOW LEVEL
MOISTURE IS ADVECTED NORTHWARD ON THE NOSE OF THE LOW LEVEL
JET...AND THE COMBINATION OF MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY SHOULD
SUPPORT THE DEVELOPMENT OF CONVECTION ACROSS THE NORTHERN TX
PANHANDLE INTO WESTERN OK AND WESTERN KS. THE CONVECTION SHOULD A
BIT BETTE ORGANIZED THAN DAY 2...SO A STRIPE OF 0.25 TO 0.50
INCHES OF QPF WAS PLACED IN THIS AXIS FOR DAY 3.


...SOUTHEAST...

RESIDUAL MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY AHEAD OF AN EXITING COLD FRONT
COULD SUPPORT CONVECTION EARLY ON DAY 2 ACROSS THE SOUTHEAST
STATES INTO FL. THE FRONTAL BOUNDARY WEAKENING ACROSS FL DURING
DAY 3...AS A LOW LEVEL EAST NORTHEAST FLOW FOCUSES MOISTURE AND
INSTABILITY ON THE EAST COAST OF FL. THERE WAS GOOD MODEL
AGREEMENT WITH THE OVERALL SYNOPTIC SETUP...SO THE WPC QPF WAS
BASED ON A BLEND OF THE 00Z ECMWF/GFS.

AN EXITING COLD FRONT FOCUSES THE REMAINING MOISTURE AND
INSTABILITY AHEAD OF IT ACROSS GA INTO NORTHERN FL DURING DAY 2.
SCATTERED CONVECTION SHOULD SUPPORT AN AREA OF 0.10 TO 0.25 INCHES
OF QPF...MAINLY BEFORE 23/00Z. FURTHER SOUTH...A LOW LEVEL EAST
NORTHEAST FLOW AROUND HIGH PRESSURE OFF THE EAST COAST IS EXPECTED
TO SUPPLY 1.00/1.25 INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR TO THE FL
PENINSULA...AS WELL AS MARGINAL TO LOCALLY MODERATE INSTABILITY.
LOW LEVEL CONVERGENCE SHOULD ACT FOCUS THE RESULTING CONVECTION
OVER THE CENTRAL PORTION OF THE FL EAST COAST,...WITH LOCAL 0.25
TO 0.50 INCH QPF AMOUNTS POSSIBLE.

THE LOW LEVEL FLOW BECOMES MORE EASTERLY DURING DAY 3...AND
CONTINUES TO SUPPLY MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY VALUES SIMILAR TO
THOSE OF DAY 2. THE FOCUS FOR CONVECTION SLIDES DOWN THE COAST TO
CENTRAL AND SOUTHEAST PORTIONS OF THE EAST COAST OF FL...WHERE
0.25 TO 0.50 INCHES QPF ARE EXPECTED.


GRAPHICS AVAILABLE ON THE WEB AT
WWW.WPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/QPF/QPF2.SHTML


HURLEY/HAYES

24HR QP VT 22/12Z
 0.01 525254 522250 520245 518241 516236 514232 512226 511222
      511219 513219 517222 520226 522229 526232 531233 533234
 0.01 548171 542175 535182 532182 529179 524172 518164 510162
      508160 505155 504149 503142 506131 507124 510120 513118
      516115 518106 515106 513105 512102 510098 510091 508086
      503083 499082 496082 495084 489088 484096 475106 471108
      468109 466107 458103 453096 447094 441093 436092 433090
      428088 424091 422094 421101 421107 418110 415115 412119
      409124 408130 408137 411138 415137 416141 415144 413148
      409148 397147 390149 385150 383152 381156 382158 385156
      387155 389158 383181 375180 363178 358177 354179 347174
      344170 340167 330166 321169 317172 314176 313180 311183
      309188 307195 306201 305207 300212 294218 292221 296223
      306228 314224 328218 338217 340218 339221 337223 334228
      332234 332238 335242 339251 339254 338256 338261 338265
      340268 352272 359269 365265 374271 378273 382271 386270
      390272 394271 399273 408276 418276 427278 434282 451285
      456285 458285 460288 460300 461309 462311 464313 467316
      468320 466331
 0.01 512699 513692 512687 510673 509667 507663 504657 497653
      491654 480656 471659 464662 456661 449660 446659 443661
      441665 440670 440675 439680 441683 441688 437697 432713
      430716 430721 426726 427733 430734 433737 432742 429747
      428752 423758 422761 422765 425767 430765 434778 437780
      439777 443769 446761 448757 452755 454758 454761 453764
      452775 449783 446789 442796 439804 438810 440813 449812
      461804 467800 467808 466814 466820 467833 467840 466844
      466851 463851 460849 457849 447850 441853 439855 440858
      443861 446863 450863 452865 458871 460873 461876 461881
      461888 464899 465903 467906 470908 471906 474897 474884
      476872 479862 481855 484846 489831 493822 496815 505798
      512783 514774 514765 513750 510742 509739 509735 511731
      512720 511714 511707 512699
 0.01 463050 463044 461037 458025 458015 456008 455003 451997
      438982 433971 430956 428949 426944 421933 414924 410924
      407931 406989 403993 399996 396000 395007 397014 399016
      394016 388017 384020 382025 384029 388032 389034 393034
      395037 393038 390045 387045 385046 379046 378050 385049
      390055 393057 391061 391064 401059 407060 412060 415066
      419065 423077 425077 426074 428067 430064 431066 433070
      432073 437074 442073 447077 451078 450073 446069 443065
      440062 437056 436052 437048 442051 446055 449056 451059
      457059 461055 463050
 0.01 418045 416043 415040 412038 408038 405037 401037 398039
      398041 396046 397050 399053 402052 404050 408049 409049
      411047 415047 418045
 0.01 414019 413018 411018 409017 407017 406017 404019 406021
      407021 409021 411021 413021 414019
 0.01 399798 399792 397791 393791 390793 380801 374806 368809
      357817 357809 360802 362798 362793 361784 359772 358768
      356764 353763 352757 352747 354731 355723 354714 353710
      350707 344706 338709 332715 325727 320739 314753 313757
      313762 315772 317779 317785 317788 317798 319805 320810
      321814 324822 332835 341865 345881 349903 351922 353930
      353939 352951 350959 351974 351978 353981 355980 358977
      363972 365967 372954 374951 379950 384945 388940 390936
      390930 389922 387915 381896 380893 379889 376880 375871
      373866 373861 372841 374831 377825 381818 386813 399798
 0.01 364161 364159 364157 364155 362156 361156 360156 359158
      358158 357160 356160 356162 356164 356165 358165 360163
      362164 362163 364162 364161
 0.25 522267 517252 512239 505223 502215 500213 496211 489209
      485203 475208 470207 466206 459207 453208 447211 442213
      433212 426209 423210 421212 417212 413210 406206 402200
      395197 388194 383190 377185 372183 368181 363181 357183
      355185 355189 359195 362201 369204 374209 376212 375215
      366212 362206 361203 359200 354199 353195 350189 345184
      342178 339183 333188 329194 328199 329202 331206 335207
      341207 348210 352215 356220 359228 363233 364241 370240
      376237 377243 381248 388251 395254 401256 409256 416254
      422255 431257 434256 436254 439249 442246 445244 453246
      462250 468254 472258 476265 479272 480279 482288 482298
      480309 479316 481319 486323 490324 499323
 0.25 497678 496678 494677 493676 491676 489677 489678 488679
      487681 487682 486684 487685 489685 490684 492684 493683
      495682 496681 496680 497678
 0.25 485164 482157 479153 476149 473147 469147 466149 464154
      461175 458177 455174 452166 452158 452153 446152 440148
      436149 435155 438163 439167 442171 441181 442187 448187
      451188 454186 457184 461180 472173 479170 485164 485164
 0.25 447114 447113 445113 445114 447114 447114
 0.25 440012 440007 438004 434000 432995 430987 426982 424982
      423985 424994 425001 425004 427011 430016 435015 440012
 0.25 377929 378925 378919 377910 375902 373893 370879 364864
      362855 361847 360838 360833 358830 352827 351823 352819
      350800 348794 345793 342794 337798 336806 334821 335828
      338836 342850 347866 350873 352880 355897 358913 359920
      359932 359948 359952 361951 365950 367947 371943 373939
      377929
 0.25 342737 342728 338724 335728 332735 331741 330746 328753
      328757 330760 333760 335758 338753 341746 342739 342737
 0.25 321203 319202 318202 317202 317203 319204 321203
 0.50 519274 516261 514255 511247 501222 498219 494219 490224
      490232 487237 483238 481231 478225 474224 469227 464231
      462228 462223 459219 455220 453223 453225 455232 457234
      460236 463236 465239 474248 478252 482256 486269 490282
      490290 489301 487313 490318 494320 496317 501310 504306
      508303
 0.50 443220 438219 432219 425220 421224 414215 409214 404209
      400204 395200 388196 383193 377188 372185 368183 364184
      361185 360188 363193 367197 377207 382211 385216 381220
      377221 373219 370218 367219 365222 366224 371226 374226
      378228 380231 384236 388240 394245 401248 413248 421249
      428249 430248 430244 427238 423233 423228 428228 433227
      436225 443220
 0.50 374927 374920 374914 371903 363885 361882 361879 361872
      360867 358857 357843 356837 354834 345831 342832 341837
      344849 347859 351868 355875 357879 359882 359885 358896
      358901 359907 363929 364936 366939 370938 372934 374927
 0.50 350203 349200 348197 346194 345191 343190 340190 336188
      334191 333193 335194 337196 338200 340201 343204 347204
      350203
 0.50 349820 350818 350815 348813 346812 344812 343814 342816
      342819 343821 345822 347822 349821 349820
 0.50 339733 339732 339731 337730 336732 336733 335734 335736
      334738 334739 334741 334743 335745 337744 338742 339742
      339740 339738 339735 339734 339733
 1.00 504278 504273 501268 500264 499258 497252 494249 492248
      488249 488256 489260 492265 494269 496273 498278 503279
      504278
 1.00 415224 413219 406219 403213 399208 394203 387199 378191
      372188 369187 366188 367192 371197 377202 383206 392214
      398218 401219 404219 405222 407228 410235 415224
 1.00 404240 405238 403236 403235 402234 400234 398233 397232
      395232 393231 392231 391232 391233 392235 393235 394236
      396237 397238 398239 399240 401241 403241 404240
 1.00 371920 371918 370916 369914 368912 366913 366914 366916
      366918 367920 367923 367925 367927 367929 368930 369929
      370928 370927 371925 371923 371921 371920
 1.00 354861 354857 353852 353848 352844 351842 349840 346840
      346842 346847 347849 348853 349856 351859 352861 354861
 1.50 495257 495256 494254 493253 492253 491255 491257 492258
      493259 494259 495257
 1.50 413224 413222 411221 409221 408222 408225 409226 410227
      411226 412225 413224
 1.50 400213 400212 399211 398210 397208 395206 394205 393205
      392204 390204 389203 387203 387205 388207 390208 391210
      393211 394212 395212 396214 398215 400215 400213
 1.50 386203 385200 383197 381196 378194 376193 372193 370192
      372195 373197 375198 378201 380202 383203 386203

24HR QP VT 23/12Z
 0.01 488613 495614 500623 503628 504637 506645 508649 511655
      512661 512668 510675 509682 506688 501697 497704 491711
      483718 474721 469724 463726 453733 443752 439753 436751
      436746 437741 440738 441734 441730 440717 440711 443706
      446702 449697 451691 449686 446679 443676 439678 429691
      425695 421697 413695 404691 396685 392686 391690 391696
      391700 389702 388703 387707 379721 374731 368738 361747
      354754 346761 336766 329770 328775 325778 322788 319792
      318796 319800 321802 325799 328796 334795 340801 345814
      345820 347823 350835 351841 351849 349853 346856 342858
      336858 330856 327852 324848 321845 318840 315837 310830
      304825 296819 289815 280811 273803 270798 269792 269787
      269779 267758 268751 268746 271737 277728 284720 293721
      298713 300709 303707 306705 312703 319697 326690 335683
      340680 345678 354672 362665 372658 375655 378654 384648
 0.01 439631 438636 437638 433639 430641 428643 425644 422645
      420647 417649 414650 412652 409654 406655 402657 400653
      398651 397649 395647 393645
 0.01 565044 567030 567017 567985 567969 566961 566952 565946
      564938 561928 551903 537891 529890 521887 516886 512885
      503887 495888 489891 485893 483897 481901 480905 478911
      479915 483923 488930 487941 487947 489953 489958 488959
      481954 473948 464939 456933 448928 440923 433919 426918
      423916 418917 415924 417926 414928 412928 412930 415940
      423957 426965 428971 428977 427990 429003 429012 430017
      430018 427020 420018 420002 420998 419994 417989 414980
      413976 411975 407973 404969 402965 402958 405948 405942
      404937 403933 400929 397925 393922 386920 380918 381911
      379897 378891 377886 376879 374873 373866 370864 366865
      364867 360870 359872 359876 357879 359881 361890 363896
      367905 370914 368920 364922 357918 352917 349914 347910
      346906 344901 341899 337899 337906 338910 338916 339924
      337930 333943 332949 332956 333962 336966 343974 348978
      352980 355981 364981 367977 369976 371979 394004 399012
      400016 403020 403033 409043 411050 412053 412059 408063
      406065 403065 396064 394067 388066 384063 381062 378064
      374069 372078 367086 363089 359091 349091 339090 334090
      330091 315098 310100 307103 304105 304111 308120 315129
      319140 314145 310147 303146 297147 293154 293158 295162
      294165 296170 295176 295181 295187 292191 288198 282208
      282214 284218 287220 291219 299215 314203 322197 326195
      332194 339197 342203 346211 345218 345225 346230 347235
      350238 356243 364243 386245 390244 395244 401244 405246
      409245 414247 423252 427255 432255 443257 450257 457255
      465256 465267 464276 462281 459293 461298 462303 462306
      466305 473303 476299 479296 482292 485292 485295 487296
      493298 502296 510290 514285 516280 519274 521266 524255
      526249 525246
 0.01 525246 523237 519230 515221 514216 514210 517207 518209
      523212 526215 528220 531222 534219 536218 538210 539199
      540192 539187 529174 524165 522162 518159 514156 511152
      506145 501141 498139 496135 485122 479122 474121 471122
      465122 461123 457125 454125 449128 443131 437137 436148
      438153 440158 443161 444166 439171 431176 426179 421184
      414188 408191 403192 398190 399183 401178 406171 410169
      412164 420152 424143 428136 433127 439122 446115 450114
      452112 454109 454104 458095 461086 463082 464076 462070
      463062 463050 462042 462034 463021 465013 472015 475017
      479020 482027 488036 481041 472041 479042 482043 485045
      490048 492045 494049 496051 500052 502049 505052 509063
      513072 516080 525092 527095 531098 536102 542103 545101
      550095 554085 557073 561058 565044
 0.01 482194 483189 482185 476184 472186 467189 462193 458195
      457199 457204 459206 462207 468206 473204 477201 481196
      482194
 0.25 555026 557020 556014 554012 551014 549016 549022 548036
      550040 547042 542048 541052 542057 546064 548062 550058
      551054 552047 551043 553039 555029 555026
 0.25 519263 519258 518251 517244 514238 510228 504218 498211
      493208 486206 478208 470214 461215 453220 451223 457224
      462225 467224 472224 475227 468235 466239 468244 477251
      480254 483259 487270 490275 495278 500281 506283 509283
      513279 516273 518265 519263
 0.25 521183 520181 519178 517175 513174 510174 508175 506177
      504181 504184 506186 507188 510189 512189 515188 517187
      520186 521183
 0.25 493235 492232 492230 490228 489226 487226 487225 486226
      484226 482226 480225 479226 480228 481229 482229 483230
      485231 486232 488233 490233 491234 492235 493235 493235
 0.25 495169 493165 488161 485157 479155 469150 464150 459152
      456155 454161 449175 451181 455179 462172 469167 474166
      479167 487172 495169
 0.25 480634 479628 476626 472625 466628 459634 454641 452651
      453658 454666 456670 460673 463674 468673 473672 478669
      480665 481660 480647 479643 480637 480634
 0.25 454241 454240 453238 453237 451236 450235 448235 446235
      446236 444235 443236 441236 439238 439241 440243 441243
      443244 445244 447244 448244 450244 452243 453243 454241
      454241
 0.25 429238 429236 429234 427234 426234 425235 423235 422236
      421236 420238 421239 423239 424240 426240 427240 428240
      429238
 0.25 433109 434102 433095 429091 425093 418102 415100 414097
      412091 407089 404088 401090 399094 398100 395108 391112
      385114 378114 368114 355114 349111 344107 342102 339103
      338106 341131 343138 343140 340140 334143 329147 329151
      335153 341155 340161 337163 334163 329161 320159 313158
      309158 305161 306168 310171 316174 320177 322181 320184
      316189 314191 315194 325188 331186 337187 340188 343191
      346195 357198 368205 374208 381209 386207 388203 387200
      381193 375184 381181 386180 396174 403168 410159 417148
      424134 429123 433109
 0.25 414222 415217 414212 412209 408208 401208 393208 387211
      382214 379215 376219 378222 382224 391225 398225 405225
      409226 412224 414222
 0.25 373179 370172 370167 373162 375158 375152 370149 365155
      364158 360159 354164 351170 350175 352179 359181 366180
      373179
 0.25 359700 358694 355690 351688 344690 335694 332697 328703
      324711 320722 318726 315729 311732 309737 307742 307749
      304760 303771 305776 304783 307782 307775 314767 322762
      333757 342753 345749 348743 350734 352720 353715 355711
      357706 359700
 0.25 301747 301746 299745 298745 299746 300747 301747 301747
 0.25 300802 299798 297797 295796 293795 290794 288793 284793
      282794 281797 280800 281803 283805 286806 289807 293807
      296806 298804 300802
 0.50 515269 516263 516257 513245 506226 501220 499216 494212
      488212 485213 481216 482219 487222 491224 493230 496237
      497243 496246 493245 486239 478234 474235 472240 473242
      476243 481246 484248 486252 491261 495269 502276 506278
      509277 513274 515269
 0.50 410218 410215 409213 405211 402211 400212 396212 394213
      392215 392218 393219 397220 399220 402220 406220 408220
      410218
 0.50 403142 403135 399132 396135 393137 390141 387144 386150
      386155 390155 394152 397150 400146 402144 403142
 0.50 398164 398160 397157 394158 391160 389160 387164 386166
      385170 387173 391172 393171 395169 397166 398164
 0.50 386125 383121 376119 370120 364123 359125 355126 356133
      363133 370134 374135 376134 381131 385127 386125
 0.50 358192 359190 358188 357187 356185 355184 353184 352183
      351184 350184 348184 346184 345184 344187 345189 346191
      347192 348194 350193 352193 353193 354193 356192 358192
      358192
 0.50 356120 356118 356117 354117 352116 351116 350117 349118
      348119 348120 350121 351121 352122 353122 354121 356120
      356120
 0.50 346714 346703 343700 338701 335703 333706 331713 329722
      327729 326738 326743 328747 337746 341745 342741 344732
      345723 346715 346714
 0.50 344180 345171 345168 343166 338166 330164 323163 316162
      314165 315168 320173 323176 328179 335182 341180 344180
 1.00 512263 513261 513260 512257 511257 510257 509259 509262
      508264 509265 510267 512265 512263
 1.00 337174 337172 337170 335169 334168 332168 330168 328168
      326169 325169 326170 328172 329172 329173 329172 331172
      333172 334173 335174 336174 337174

24HR QP VT 24/12Z
 0.01 442321 450323 457325 470331 476333 481331 486329 490326
      494322 498316 502311 505305 510293 516278 526246 528235
      525234 521238 518235 511223 507215 508211 510207 514205
      517206 524210 526212 529213 532214 534212 537209 537204
      535197 533192 524183 515176 512176 508177 503178 493180
      483183 476192 472198 466201 463200 460198 457194 455190
      455185 456177 453171 449173 436194 432200 428204 423206
      419206 415209 411208 404207 399208 392206 388210 384216
      380219 375220 369222 364224 359226 355230 349240 347243
      346247 344256 344261 345265 349269 354274 350278
 0.01 564941 564920 564911 563905 562890 562880 560875 560867
      558861 556854 556846 555832 554827 553820 546770 543759
      540750 536743 533739 529739 519737 511736 503733 495735
      491739 490741 488739 484730 481728 477727 476729 472730
      467732 464735 459741 455747 449757 441759 433766 427769
      424772 419773 406775 402776 400781 399786 399792 397805
      395809 390810 386812 385817 383826 384837 388856 392868
      394872 395876 398885 401892 403899 402902 394904 390901
      384902 378907 373913 371918 373923 373929 375935 378944
      375963 378971 374968 371965 366960 360958 357956 352956
      349957 342958 337957 334953 332948 332941 334938 334934
      331931 323928 317928 314930 308937 308947 308960 303967
      299973 289983 286986 285989 282997 282001 284005 287008
      291011 298016 303024 310032 315033 319035 329036 335036
      339035 344035 349033 358032 362032 367034 362040 359043
      358049 355050 351050 346052 341051 331051 325057 321062
      316071 312077 297088 299098 302106 316114 315120 318124
      322126 324125 327122 331119 335121 337125 344138 344145
      345149 350157 354164 356167 361170 366172 372172 376172
      382172 385173 388176 391178 393177 395175 402172 407165
      412157 418151 423144 425136 427131 434129 442128 466112
      471113 472107 472093 470083 467070 467048 467044 469039
      471031 476025 480012 482002 482995 484988 484982 486977
      486965 486950 486939 485929 485921 487907 488903 491905
      499911 512921 517926 522932 530950 533955 534960 537963
      540967 542971 545973 550977 556972 558963 562950 564941
 0.01 518164 517157 513152 508148 502150 497153 493155 490162
      489170 494171 497169 501168 504169 510171 514168 518164
 0.01 514830 510818 504809 496805 491803 489808 487823 488841
      489859 489868 492870 494868 500862 503847 504841 507838
      512835 514830
 0.01 335756 335751 332750 329751 326755 323759 316767 313769
      310766 308763 306763 302765 298766 292769 282775 279777
      275775 273772 272768 273761 273756 276751 278746 278741
      277734 275732 272731 269731 266735 260742 257746 251747
      245747 240750 237754 236760 236766 238770 241774 242780
      243795 236803 232811 231817 231824 232829 234834 236840
      239844 243845 246843 251836 251830 249824 248820 250817
      253820 262825 280830 284831 289829 293826 299824 307821
      315814 317808 318803 325795 326782 330774 334763 335756
 0.25 513274 514265 515256 515251 513245 510238 505229 502223
      498219 490215 486215 483219 475219 470220 466221 459223
      442227 435230 428230 417226 412224 407224 392231 384234
      378239 364251 362257 363262 367269 373278 380284 383288
      387290 396294 408296 413295 416296 425300 434304 453308
      471308 479308 488306 494301 500296 508286 513274
 0.25 475905 475902 475901 473901 472900 470902 470905 470907
      471910 471912 472913 473912 474912 474910 474907 475906
      475905
 0.25 463871 462864 461860 458854 454847 451843 446839 443837
      440838 435842 431846 430848 429852 427860 426867 427874
      430880 434885 437892 438902 436906 434908 431915 428920
      423925 419931 417936 413950 412958 412964 414971 417977
      411991 415994 413001 409006 404011 399014 396014 395012
      401002 402997 400994 394994 382997 370003 360005 353007
      351011 344015 339019 339022 342025 350025 372017 379015
      384015 387017 388020 389025 392031 391034 389036 384039
      378040 374041 372045 371049 370055 366060 363063 358067
      354072 348082 344085 342088 338087 335088 334092 335101
      341109 344114 347120 349123 352125 359124 361123 361120
      359118 355116 349114 346112 344109 342103 344096 351098
      355095 360091 366089 372089 379090 383088 389089 396093
      398096 397101 395105 389110 379117 376122 374128 377133
      382133 388131 390132 389136 384151 385154 388155 392153
      402142 412137 420128 423123 424119 421118 415119 415114
      413112 414109 419107 431111 432114 436115 441114 449112
      453107 457101 458092 459080 458072 460056 460051 459049
      455047 447039 441030 437024 435018 435012 436008 439999
      444986 450974 453959 457941 459927 460918 462911 463904
      463893 461879 463871
 0.25 437081 437080 435080 435081 437081 437081
 0.25 319994 319992 317989 315987 313986 310986 308988 307990
      306992 306996 307998 309000 311000 313000 316999 318996
      319994
 0.25 293805 292800 290797 284792 279790 276791 272793 269793
      265792 262793 256794 253797 250802 254804 257803 263803
      265807 269809 273810 278809 282808 287808 292807 293805
 0.50 509272 511258 512254 511249 506239 503237 500237 499240
      498245 497245 493243 489241 485241 476230 472229 468230
      464232 459231 455231 451232 443235 440238 436240 428240
      425238 421234 415229 409227 406229 401237 392238 389238
      384242 378248 373256 371262 372266 377272 385279 388284
      391287 396288 400287 407285 416283 427286 435284 443286
      463294 479293 483288 490289 493290 499290 501289 505287
      508278 509272
 0.50 464269 459266 452264 447265 441266 439268 444273 443278
      450279 454278 459277 458274 460272 464269
 0.50 455088 455079 454073 451068 449065 444065 439067 435069
      431073 432076 435077 441078 444082 445085 445089 441101
      438100 435101 434105 435109 438110 444109 447106 449101
      453096 454090 455088
 0.50 451882 451879 452877 452874 452872 451869 450867 448865
      447865 445865 443867 443868 443870 443873 443875 444877
      445880 446880 447882 449884 451882 451882
 0.50 450930 451921 450915 445922 442934 437942 435947 433952
      431964 428976 425987 423993 421998 417006 411015 411021
      416022 421023 424026 430026 431021 434007 437997 440984
      443973 446962 447949 449938 450930
 0.50 434047 434040 432036 427036 424037 418037 414038 410045
      406044 404039 399038 396039 388043 384046 383049 383054
      384059 387068 371068 370073 372077 375080 379082 388079
      395076 409068 416063 420061 425061 428058 430054 434047
 0.50 408133 410131 410129 409127 408126 407124 407123 406123
      405123 404124 403125 403128 402130 401132 400134 401136
      402136 404135 405135 406134 408133 408133
 0.50 390123 391121 390120 389121 388121 386122 385122 384123
      383124 382125 382126 382127 384128 386127 388126 388125
      390123 390123
 0.50 287802 287801 286800 285799 283798 281798 279798 277798
      276799 276800 275801 276802 278803 280803 281803 283802
      285801 286802 287802 287802
 1.00 502275 502267 499261 496256 492252 487252 483256 482262
      486269 491272 495276 498279 502277 502275
 1.00 472246 471244 469245 468245 469247 470247 472246 472246
 1.00 429255 428251 426249 422246 418246 411245 402244 395243
      391244 389247 387251 387255 394260 402263 407264 410263
      417261 423260 426259 429256 429255
 1.00 431999 431994 431990 428992 427994 426997 424001 423004
      424008 424011 425014 427011 429009 429006 431002 431999
 1.00 423051 423048 423046 422044 422043 420042 419041 417042
      416043 416045 416048 416050 417050 418052 420052 422052
      423051
 1.00 404056 404055 404053 402052 402051 401050 399049 397049
      395048 394048 392050 391052 392052 393055 395057 395059
      396061 398061 400060 402059 403058 404056 404056
 1.50 416258 416253 414250 409248 403247 398246 395246 394249
      397254 400256 405258 409258 414258 416258

$$





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