Quantitative Precipitation Forecast
Issued by NWS

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000
FXUS04 KWBC 052131
QPFPFD

QUANTITATIVE PRECIPITATION FORECAST DISCUSSION
NWS WEATHER PREDICTION CENTER COLLEGE PARK MD
530 PM EDT THU MAY 05 2016


PRELIM DAY 1...DAY 2 AND DAY 3 QPF DISCUSSION
VALID MAY 06/0000 UTC THRU MAY 09/0000 UTC
REFERENCE AWIPS GRAPHICS UNDER...PRECIP ACCUM - 24HR

DAY 1...

...WESTERN U.S...

A LARGE CLOSED LOW HAD DUG TO A SOUTHERLY LATITUDE...WITH LARGE
NEGATIVE HEIGHT ANOMALIES IN PLACE OVER THE SOUTHWEST STATES.
GIVEN THE SEASON...HOWEVER...THE LOW WAS CUT OFF FROM ANY
APPRECIABLE SUB-TROPICAL MOISTURE FEED. TO THE WARM SIDE OF THE
SURFACE BOUNDARY LOWER LEVELS WERE QUITE DRY...WITH PRECIPITABLE
WATER VALUES ABOUT 0.3 TO 0.45 INCHES IN THE SOUTHWEST AND GREAT
BASIN. THUS...MORE ORGANIZED TYPE OF RAINFALL...AND SOME EMBEDDED
HEAVIER SHOWERS...WERE CONFINED TO THE POST FRONTAL ENVIRONMENT
FROM CENTRAL/NORTHERN CA INTO NORTHWEST NV AND UP THROUGH EASTERN
OREGON. THERE WAS STILL SOME CONNECTION TO THE NORTHERN
STREAM...WITH FLOW PASSING THROUGH THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST AND UP
THROUGH WESTERN MONTANA...AND THIS FLOW PATTERN WILL SUPPORT A
PERIOD OF 850-700 MB FRONTOGENESIS THIS AFTERNOON ACROSS EASTERN
OREGON AS A JET STREAK ROTATES UP FROM THE SIERRAS. MODELS ARE
JUST ABOUT EQUALLY HEAVY WITH SOME LOCAL CONVECTIVE PRECIPITATION
IN SOUTHEAST OREGON WITH THE DEEP SYNOPTIC FORCING...AS THEY ARE
OVER NORTHERN AND CENTRAL CALIFORNIA...WHERE INSTABILITY BENEATH
THE COLD CORE LOW AND SLOW CELL MOTIONS WILL BE RESPONSIBLE FOR
LOCALLY HEAVY DOWNPOURS. BY FRIDAY THE LOW BECOMES MORE STRONGLY
CLOSED OFF...WITH AN INCREASING EASTERLY COMPONENT TO MID LEVEL
FLOW OUT OF THE NORTHERN GREAT BASIN AND INTO CA/OR. DESPITE BEING
POST-FRONTAL...AND FED IN THE LAYER ABOVE 850 MB...THE MOISTURE
AND INSTABILITY PROFILES WILL CONTINUE TO SUPPORT OCCASIONAL
MODERATE OR HEAVY RAIN/THUNDERSTORMS ON FRIDAY...WITH SOME
EXPANSION OF MORE APPRECIABLE COVERAGE OF RAIN EASTWARD INTO
MT/ID/UT/WY/CO AS A BROADLY DIFLUENT PATTERN SETS UP NORTHEAST OF
THE MIGRATING LOW. THE PREVIOUS WPC FORECAST HAD THIS FAIRLY WELL
HANDLED. WE ATTEMPTED TO PRESERVE CONTINUITY WHILE TRENDING TOWARD
THE WRF-ARW...GEM REGIONAL...AND APPLYING THE LATEST GEFS AND
ECMWF ENSEMBLE PROBABILITIES FOR VARIOUS QPF THRESHOLDS. THE
CONVECTIVE AND SHOWERY NATURE OF THE REGIME LIMITS AREAL AVERAGE
PRECIPITATION...WITH MOST AREAS FORECAST TO RECEIVE 0.10 TO 0.75
INCHES THROUGH FRIDAY. ISOLATED HEAVIER TOTALS UP TO 1.50 OR 2.0
INCHES WILL BE POSSIBLE...THOUGH...ESPECIALLY ID/OR/NV INTO
NORTHERN AND CENTRAL CA.


...MID ATLANTIC AND NORTH CAROLINA...

A STRONGLY ANOMALOUS UPPER LOW...4 STANDARD DEVIATIONS BELOW
CLIMATOLOGY AT 500 MB...CONTINUED TO DIG INTO THE SOUTHERN
APPALACHIANS. THE DIFLUENT AREA EAST OF THE LOW HAD SUPPORTED
ROBUST DEEP CONVECTION OVER SOUTHERN VA AND NORTHERN NC THROUGH
MIDDAY. THE LARGER SCALE CONVEYOR BELT WAS WELL OFFSHORE WITH THE
LEADING COLD FRONT THAT HAD EARLIER ESTABLISHED DEEP
TROUGHING...SO NEAR-SURFACE INFLOW WILL BE LACKING. STRONG
LIFT...HOWEVER...WILL SHOULD ENSURE WIDESPREAD RAIN OVER
VA/NC...PIVOTING NORTHWARD UP THROUGH THE MID ATLANTIC TONIGHT AND
FRIDAY AS THE UPPER LOW TURNS THE CORNER AND PRODUCES A NEW
SURFACE REFLECTION NEAR THE COAST. THE GLOBAL MODELS ARE CLUSTERED
CLOSELY ENOUGH...THAT A CONSENSUS APPROACH COULD BE USED. THE 00Z
ECMWF QPF HAD APPEARED TO BE TOO LIGHT OVER MD/DC GIVEN THE
DEEPENING SURFACE LOW AND DIFLUENT MID/UPPER LEVEL PATTERN. THE
GFS HAS PRODUCED SOME SPURIOUS HEAVY RAIN SIGNALS OVER THE PAST
FEW CYCLES...BUT THESE ARE SMOOTHED OUT BY THE ENSEMBLE AND BIAS
CORRECTION TOOLS AVAILABLE FOR QPF. WE TRENDED TOWARD A WETTER
FORECAST IN THE AREA OF 850-600 MB FORCING WEST OF THE SURFACE LOW
AND ALONG THE TRACK OF THE PIVOTING MID LEVEL LOW...WITH OTHERWISE
LITTLE CHANGE ELSEWHERE FROM PA TO NC.


...NEW ENGLAND...

OUT AHEAD OF THE CLOSED MID LEVEL CENTER...ALONG THE PRIMARY
FRONTAL ZONE IN THE WESTERN ATLANTIC...LOW PRESSURE IS FORECAST TO
STRENGTHEN AND MOVE QUICKLY UP TOWARD THE CANADIAN
MARITIMES...BRUSHING NORTHERN NEW ENGLAND AND ESPECIALLY DOWNEAST
MAINE WITH LIGHT TO MODERATE PRECIPITATION TONIGHT. THE OVERALL
GUIDANCE TREND HAS BEEN TOWARD SOME OF THE DRIER GUIDANCE...AND
AWAY FROM THE WETTER 00Z ECMWF. GIVEN THE LIKELY TRACK OF THE
SURFACE LOW...THIS TREND SEEMS TO HAVE A GOOD CHANCE OF
VERIFYING...ALTHOUGH THE WPC FORECAST HAD ALREADY BEEN ADJUSTED
TOWARD THE DRIER SIDE...SO LITTLE ADDITIONAL CHANGE WAS NECESSARY
ON THIS CYCLE. AREAL-AVERAGE FORECAST AMOUNTS ALONG THE COAST
RANGE BETWEEN 0.25-0.50"...WITH POTENTIALLY HIGHER AMOUNTS
(0.50"+) OVER DOWNEAST MAINE.

DAYS 2/3...

...NORTHEAST AND MID-ATLANTIC REGION...

CONDITIONS WILL REMAIN UNSETTLED ACROSS THE NORTHEAST AND
MID-ATLANTIC REGION THROUGH THE WEEKEND.  FIRST THE FOCUS WILL BE
WITH SCATTERED SHOWER ACTIVITY BENEATH A WEAKENING UPPER LOW
LIFTING OUT OF THE MID-ATLANTIC STATES ON SATURDAY.  JUST AS THE
SYSTEM EXITS THE REGION...ATTENTION WILL TURN UPSTREAM TO
AGGRESSIVE SHORTWAVE ENERGY PIVOTING OUT OF THE GREAT LAKES.  THE
FAST PROGRESSION OF THE SYSTEM SHOULD LIMIT THE THREAT FOR
WIDESPREAD HEAVY RAINFALL WITHIN PRECIPITATION DEVELOPING ALONG
THE ASSOCIATED COLD FRONT PRESSING THROUGH THE NORTHEAST AND
NORTHERN MID-ATLANTIC STATES SATURDAY NIGHT INTO SUNDAY.

THERE IS STILL SOME UNCERTAINTY WITH THE EVOLUTION OF THE
WEAKENING UPPER LOW ON SATURDAY AS WELL AS UNCERTAINTY WITH THE
TIMING OF THE COLD FRONT AS IT LIFTS THROUGH NORTHERN NEW ENGLAND
SUNDAY EVENING.  THE WPC FORECAST WAS BASED ON A BLEND BETWEEN THE
GFS/ECMWF/ENSEMBLE MEAN GUIDANCE TO ACCOUNT FOR THE MODEL SPREAD
IN THE DETAILS.


...UPPER MISSISSIPPI VALLEY TO THE GREAT LAKES AND OHIO VALLEY...

A DYNAMIC POLAR SHORT WAVE AND STRONG FRONTAL ZONE WILL BEGIN TO
DIG INTO THE UPPER MISSISSIPPI VALLEY FRIDAY AFTERNOON. THIS
SHOULD RESULT IN SCATTERED AREAS OF LIGHT TO MODERATE RAIN ACROSS
THE REGION. THEN ON SATURDAY...THE IMPRESSIVE OCCLUDED FRONT WILL
SLICE THROUGH THE GREAT LAKES AND OHIO VALLEY. MOISTURE WILL STILL
BE SOMEWHAT LIMITED BUT ENOUGH MOISTURE CONTENT WITH FAVORABLE
UPPER JET DYNAMICS SHOULD YIELD LOCALLY HEAVY RAIN WITHIN
POTENTIAL CONVECTION DEVELOPING ALONG THE FRONTAL BOUNDARY.  THE
WPC FORECAST STARTED WITH A FAIRLY AGREEABLE GFS/ECMWF.


...WEST COAST TO THE ROCKIES...

WIDESPREAD PRECIPITATION IS EXPECTED FROM THE WEST COAST TO THE
ROCKIES THIS WEEKEND AS AN EXPANSIVE UPPER LOW EDGES INLAND OVER
THE WESTERN U.S..  THE GREATEST THREAT FOR HEAVY RAIN WILL BE
ACROSS MUCH OF WYOMING...WHERE STRONG DIVERGENCE ALOFT COMBINED
WITH INCREASINGLY MOIST LOW-LEVEL FLOW INTO THE TERRAIN SHOULD
FORCE A HEAVY UPSLOPE PRECIPITATION EVENT.  ALSO...A SECOND AREA
OF POTENTIALLY HEAVY RAINS/FLASH FLOODING CONCERNS WILL BE FROM
NORTHERN CALIFORNIA INTO SOUTHEASTERN OREGON WHERE UPPER
DIVERGENCE WILL ALIGN WITH AN AXIS OF ANOMALOUS MOISTURE FRIDAY
EVENING.  THE AXIS OF ANOMALOUS MOISTURE AND ASSOCIATED HEAVY RAIN
THREAT SHOULD SHIFT SOUTH INTO NORTHWESTERN NEVADA ON SATURDAY.
MODEL GUIDANCE REMAIN IN RELATIVELY GOOD AGREEMENT AND MINIMAL
ADJUSTMENTS WERE MADE TO THE WPC QPF FORECAST.


...CENTRAL PLAINS...

INCREASING AMOUNTS OF GULF MOISTURE SURGING NORTHWARD AHEAD OF AN
EXPANSIVE UPPER LOW EDGING TROUGH THE WESTERN U.S. SHOULD HELP
FUEL MODERATE TO HEAVY PRECIPITATION ALONG A FRONTAL BOUNDARY
STRETCHED THROUGH THE CENTRAL PLAINS SATURDAY NIGHT INTO SUNDAY.
THERE IS STILL SOME UNCERTAINTY WITH THE DETAILS OF THE UPPER
LOW...SO THE WPC FORECAST WAS LARGELY BASED OFF ENSEMBLE MEAN
GUIDANCE.


GRAPHICS ARE AVAILABLE ON THE WEB AT WWW.WPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV


BURKE/GERHARDT

24HR QP VT 07/00Z
 0.01 480616 487624 493629 497637 496643 494648 491657 491662
      489666 486676 483682 475701 464718 453730 442741 440742
      439746 440753 439763 436774 431783 426789 419794 413798
      406802 398808 393814 379826 370840 364843 362840 357841
      350844 348841 348837 349832 349825 347820 345816 342809
      341799 339782 341778 340773 343765 340764 337768 333777
      329783 320785 314781 313775 314772 314766 317763 322756
      328749 334743 346732 357721 370709 377703 385697 392695
      397702 406715 415717 420723 426723 430725 438719 439714
      440712 438710 431711 422711 416707 409702 403697 402692
      406688 409685 414683 421679 423676 426671 428663 430653
      434640 440631
 0.01 525179 526160 521149 515136 513129 511124 502118 499115
      497109 501096 502088 502080 501072 498065 496061 491058
      486056 485052 485047 485042 487038 488030 486030 486033
      484036 482035 477041 473050 466060 464062 461061 457060
      455058 453054 451048 449040 447036 443031 441028 437028
      433028 429032 420038 418041 413044 404046 397045 394045
      391047 382051 368050 363052 361054 361057 362063 358065
      360074 356075 352079 352082 355084 366091 373098 383106
      380112 377116 374116 373119 368121 360116 356116 351114
      342111 338113 336116 335120 335126 338131 341135 344138
      344142 342146 345151 353157 356161 362163 364171 367175
      365177 362176 351169 342164 337160 330157 325155 318154
      311160 310165 311171 326184 340201 342207 346211 349216
      352221 355225 361227 366227 370224 373222 377226 381234
      391242 395242 401244 407246 412246 421241 429238 433236
      438232 445226 451220 456205 462195 465189 468182 471176
      475172 478169 483169 489170 493174 502179 513182 521183
      525179
 0.01 517863 515853 510853 505854 500857 494862 485878 476890
      473893 471897 470900 472905 474908 474913 473918 470921
      461922 454927 452930 448932 445933 443935 443943 442947
      441961 442966 445966 448965 450964 452966 452974 450978
      448990 446994 446998 449000 453001 459996 464989 467981
      471972 479955 483948 487952 492952 494950 494944 491940
      490937 491932 496925 500917 504909 508901 511893 514886
      516877 517863
 0.01 468888 468883 468880 466876 464875 461875 457876 454876
      452879 452882 453884 456886 458886 461888 463891 465891
      466890 468888
 0.01 426874 425874 423872 421872 419872 418874 416874 416875
      416877 418877 419877 421877 423876 425874 426874 426874
 0.01 407173 407170 407168 407166 406164 405165 404167 404170
      404172 405174 407173
 0.01 406161 407149 407145 407140 408128 408122 406120 401118
      397120 392123 390127 387129 385133 387136 392142 396147
      400154 404160 406161
 0.01 347072 346070 344069 342067 340067 337068 333068 331070
      331073 332075 334075 336074 338072 342072 345072 347072
 0.01 268835 268827 265823 260815 254806 248800 244796 240794
      238799 239805 241817 247826 253833 257836 260838 263835
      268835 268835
 0.25 508154 508151 508150 506148 504148 503149 502150 502152
      502153 504154 505155 507155 508154
 0.25 483644 482638 479635 474631 468628 461629 454628 449630
      446633 443636 440643 437651 436659 437664 440667 441671
      441675 436682 434686 436689 443689 451688 460684 465680
      470674 474668 478660 481653 483644
 0.25 481127 481125 480122 479119 475117 472117 470120 470125
      471129 471132 470135 470140 473138 475136 477135 479132
      480130 481127
 0.25 459185 459180 458178 453180 450183 445184 438182 433178
      431166 427157 426151 427148 430149 433151 437151 440147
      440144 437138 434133 430124 429118 428110 429106 430103
      433104 436106 441108 445109 447104 450100 449098 442092
      437090 432090 423086 418077 415077 413079 414085 407089
      403093 402099 400102 396100 395103 397106 398108 401110
      404110 408112 415116 422125 424131 422139 421145 418148
      419154 421159 423168 424174 423181 416190 412192 408192
      403193 397192 399182 397176 394173 388166 383164 381163
      381159 380156 378151 369136 362129 359129 357131 357135
      358137 365143 367146 369152 375159 379165 384177 385181
      383184 378185 371184 364183 359183 351185 346182 344176
      340168 336167 332164 328162 324161 321162 318165 318168
      320170 328176 332179 335184 338188 342190 344195 347199
      350198 352192 357196 359203 363207 371211 391215 394218
      393221 390222 387226 386231 390235 401238 413238 419234
      427226 424216 426213 429214 431213 431210 433206 446196
      452195 455191 459185
 0.25 459131 459127 458123 457120 456118 453116 450115 448114
      447114 446118 446121 447124 449128 450130 453132 455132
      457132 459131
 0.25 441220 440218 438218 436218 434220 435223 436223 437223
      439221 441220
 0.25 441053 441052 439052 439053 441054 441053
 0.25 426753 426744 423737 415733 404731 393730 388733 385739
      381748 376752 371755 365757 361759 356762 353768 352775
      350779 348784 348789 349794 351799 354802 360801 366798
      371796 375797 379797 380800 383807 387806 392803 400797
      405793 408789 414779 420771 425760 426753
 0.25 387714 386710 384708 382708 380711 378714 377716 376719
      375722 374724 375727 376726 380723 381721 383720 385717
      387714
 0.25 393066 393065 391064 389064 388066 389068 391068 392067
      393066
 0.25 379080 379078 378076 377076 376074 374075 374077 374078
      374080 375082 377082 379080
 0.25 368822 367820 366819 365819 363820 362821 361821 360822
      359823 359825 358828 360828 361827 362826 363825 363824
      365823 367823 368822
 0.25 342748 339745 336748 333752 331755 329759 327763 325766
      328766 330763 334760 337756 339753 341750 342748
 0.25 416095 415093 415094 415095 416095
 0.50 477127 476125 475126 476128 477127
 0.50 479648 478643 476641 473639 468636 464635 456633 450634
      447637 441646 440652 442659 446671 449675 454674 461672
      464670 474662 477653 479648
 0.50 452190 452188 451187 450187 449187 448187 446188 444189
      443191 443193 445194 447195 447194 449194 450193 450192
      452190
 0.50 427206 428201 427196 426190 417196 413201 410206 407203
      403204 402210 403214 405216 411215 414217 406228 402233
      403236 409235 413232 416226 417220 414212 417210 420211
      427206
 0.50 430173 430172 430171 430168 429166 428164 426163 425165
      425167 425168 426170 427172 428175 430174 430173
 0.50 420756 420748 416743 409740 403738 398740 390744 381752
      373758 364762 356768 353780 351785 351789 354794 355797
      358797 366791 369781 372780 375781 378784 392798 396795
      401792 404790 405788 400786 412770 418763 420756
 0.50 420114 421109 419107 416104 415101 413099 413096 412092
      410091 408092 407096 406100 406105 407107 409110 412112
      414113 417114 420114
 0.50 396231 395231 396231
 0.50 379210 376206 373204 376204 377201 376198 372193 367190
      362187 357187 356191 358192 361197 365201 370206 375209
      379210
 0.50 341184 342182 342179 341178 340178 339179 339181 340183
      341184 341184
 0.50 333173 332171 333169 332167 331166 330166 329165 327165
      327166 326167 326168 328170 329172 331173 333174 333173
 1.00 462653 461651 460651 458649 456650 455652 454653 453655
      453656 453658 454659 456659 457658 459657 461656 462653
 1.00 411751 410748 406749 401751 389756 382759 377762 367767
      360769 357774 358780 362780 364778 368773 375774 387773
      392776 396775 405766 408760 410754 411751
 1.50 389765 388764 387763 386763 385763 384763 383764 381765
      380766 380767 379769 380769 382770 383769 385768 386767
      387767 388765 389765
 1.50 363773 362772 360773 360774 360776 361776 362775 363773

24HR QP VT 08/00Z
 0.01 525749 524732 520722 519717 520713 520707 511705 508706
      504709 497711 492714 488718 482726 477732 472735 467736
      458735 454733 454726 454719 457715 460711 462707 465703
      465696 464690 460691 455692 451689 449683 450681 453681
      464676 468672 468666 464664 459665 447669 442670 438673
      435676 433680 427674 423672 418673 415677 413682 414693
      408709 405714 400718 398724 401728 403735 402738 400739
      398742 395742 387749 380754 376756 372754 363750 360749
      355750 355747 358744 362745 366743 374736 381729 387724
      390722 392720 392717 389714 388709 386704 383703 378705
      374708 369714 365717 361720 352725 346732 340740 335744
      331746 323751 318756 316760 315765 313769 310772 304779
      303784 303790 304795 307799 313803 317801 321798 325790
      326785 329781 336777 341774 344771 343761 346758 347755
      349757 350760 353764 356766 361768 365769 372769 373776
      375780 376783 378784 383786 380790 377794 376798 373801
      369802 365804 365809 364814 361818 362820 363829 366834
      380842 380847 379850 375853 367858 366861 368865 374866
      377869 380873 380879 381891 385900 389909 392919 394929
      396935 398938 403945 405949 409952 413950 416952 417957
      417964 413974 410985 408988 407986 403983 399981 394981
      389981 388985 382992 378992 373990 365987 360986 357987
      355985 345984 339987 329990 320994 311997 305002 298008
      291012 282016 279019 277024 278029 282032 287035 289039
      289043 292047 296048 301049 306049 309048 314042 317039
      319033 327029 330028 332025 332021 334019 336017 339019
      357025 376031 381034 381041 380045 378046 372045 367057
      372057 375056 378058 377061 372062 367062 363063 356067
      351076 344080 339082 337086 334094 330104 326115 324120
      321123 317125 315130 320147 322152 327152 332150 335145
      340141 340147 341152 343154 344157 342159 338159 334161
      328161 324162 319155 312150 309152 309156 311157 317162
      321165 322167 322171 335178
 0.01 335178 337183 339186 342186 343184 345179 349175 352177
      352181 345186 360212 357215 359219 364221 367218 365214
      365210 366206 369215 376224 372225 370226 369229 371233
      375235 384236 401243 405241 408237 412235 413239 418239
      422236 428232 430215 434215 435207 440197 444193 446187
      448182 448178 449174 451174 455174 456166 458159 454152
      452148 451145 452141 454137 457133 464125 465120 470118
      471116 470114 467111 459068 456064 454058 453051 454043
      451031 448020 445012 444998 443991 443983 444971 445964
      447959 451948 454935 456924 457918 461913 467908 472906
      474905 477907 474917 475922 479924 486921 487927 489932
      500932 504934 507934 512937 517937 523931 525926 525918
      524912 522906 520900 517896 514892 510890 506890 502893
      498888 496882 499873 501862 502857 501852 499847 496843
      498838 500834 512817 517809 519797 520791 519787 518782
      519777 519768 519762 522760 525754 525749
 0.01 463114 462111 461111 459113 460115 462115 463114
 0.01 445769 444764 443760 441762 438763 434766 433767 431771
      431773 431778 434778 435777 437775 440773 443771 445769
 0.01 376175 377169 375166 372166 371163 370159 368160 365162
      362160 360161 363165 367167 366170 368173 369177 373177
      376175
 0.01 376109 375107 373107 371107 370109 371110 373111 375111
      376109
 0.01 370147 369146 368145 367144 366143 364143 362142 361143
      361145 362146 364147 365148 367148 369148 370147
 0.01 371097 372095 371093 369093 367093 366094 365095 364096
      365098 367099 369099 370098 371097
 0.01 368104 366102 365102 363101 361103 361105 360107 361108
      362108 364108 365108 366106 368104
 0.01 353168 354166 354164 354162 353160 351159 349159 348161
      347163 345165 344167 344169 344171 344173 345175 347174
      349174 351172 352170 353168
 0.01 362083 361081 359081 358082 358085 359086 360085 361084
      362083
 0.01 360045 360043 358040 355040 351039 348039 344039 344041
      346042 347044 349048 349050 352051 353049 356047 358045
      360045
 0.01 346096 345095 344094 343096 343098 345098 346096
 0.25 508794 507782 504769 498766 489767 475777 462785 456791
      451797 448801 447806 449811 452813 459816 465819 468822
      472823 475826 476830 479832 481834 483833 489826 496812
      507799 508794
 0.25 498734 498732 496731 491734 485740 479746 473753 468760
      467766 468769 472768 476765 481759 486750 490744 497737
      498734
 0.25 481877 482872 481869 478870 476871 474874 473876 471880
      470883 471887 475886 476885 479882 481879 481877
 0.25 459101 450063 445046 445038 445034 443024 442013 439004
      436002 434004 434009 435014 437021 437025 435029 432032
      431036 426036 421034 417027 412020 409019 406019 400019
      398023 397029 400036 402041 401045 394046 390047 388050
      389055 392057 396060 396065 396071 390075 387078 382077
      382082 384085 390086 396081 404080 407084 408088 410096
      409101 407105 404106 399105 404111 409112 411115 417120
      420128 417139 415151 414155 410156 404151 400144 395143
      392146 394149 400155 403164 400173 396184 391188 388189
      383189 375187 370187 369190 371193 375196 386206 391207
      395210 398216 406221 408223 408230 413228 418222 420216
      420211 420207 424206 428208 431206 433195 436186 437175
      429158 431156 434158 437156 440152 441140 444132 446118
      448114 448109 449104 454104 458103 459101
 0.25 448933 448930 447928 447927 446928 445929 444930 444933
      443934 443935 442937 442938 440940 440941 440942 440945
      442945 443942 444942 445940 445938 446937 447935 447934
      448933
 0.25 426727 425724 424722 422720 420719 419719 418719 417719
      416719 415720 414722 413722 414724 414725 416726 418727
      419728 420729 422729 423730 425729 426727
 0.25 422747 421742 419741 416745 414751 412758 410765 408770
      407773 406778 409778 413777 418774 420768 420764 418759
      420752 422747
 0.25 405231 405229 403227 401227 400226 398226 397227 396229
      396231 397232 398233 400233 402233 404232 405231
 0.25 413821 413819 413817 412817 412816 413814 412813 410813
      409814 408815 407815 406817 406820 406822 406824 406826
      406827 408827 410827 411826 411825 412824 413822 413821
 0.25 398120 399115 396113 390114 383114 381115 379119 375123
      372127 374132 378133 380132 382131 385131 389125 392121
      398120
 0.25 405896 406894 406892 405889 404888 404887 403885 402883
      400881 399881 397881 396883 396885 397887 398890 399892
      399893 400894 401896 402896 403897 404897 405896
 0.25 396793 395791 393792 391794 390796 390797 391796 393796
      395795 396793
 0.25 385136 385134 383134 381135 380137 380140 381141 381142
      382143 384143 384140 384138 385137 385136
 0.25 387091 388088 388086 386086 385088 384089 382090 382091
      381092 382094 383095 384095 385095 387093 387091 387091
 0.25 363733 364731 362729 361731 360731 359734 361735 363733
      363733
 0.25 357129 358125 357122 351119 347116 343111 338110 334114
      336120 339126 341131 345135 348139 353137 356131 357129
 0.25 332763 331761 330761 328761 326761 325762 325763 324764
      325766 327766 329765 330765 332763
 0.50 496786 495781 492780 488786 483793 478798 473803 468809
      467811 470813 476812 483809 490805 493797 496789 496786
 0.50 455098 453093 449089 440081 439076 442077 446080 451083
      452080 451077 447064 444058 439056 436051 431047 425045
      421041 419039 417041 415043 412045 408048 402050 398053
      398057 400059 405071 410074 411076 411080 413095 415101
      415111 418116 422121 425125 430128 434125 435121 434118
      431113 431110 433108 443103 449099 454100 455098
 0.50 434186 435182 433179 431178 429180 429182 427187 426189
      424193 425198 426199 428197 430195 431192 433188 434186
 0.50 412212 412204 413198 411196 409198 408201 405201 402196
      397193 392194 387196 385198 385201 389203 392204 399206
      402209 406210 409213 412212
 0.50 426065 426061 425060 423058 420055 418054 414054 414055
      416058 418060 417064 419068 421069 424071 425067 424065
      425065 426065
 0.50 386125 386124 384123 382123 381124 382126 384126 386125
      386125
 1.00 449075 448072 447069 445067 442065 438065 435064 432066
      433068 436070 440071 441073 443075 446077 449075
 1.00 445094 444088 439084 434081 429078 422079 417081 414080
      417085 417088 421090 425093 429098 432099 436098 441098
      444096 445094
 1.00 429120 428118 427116 427115 426114 424113 422113 421114
      422116 423117 424118 425120 427121 429120
 1.00 428054 428051 427050 426049 425048 424047 422046 420047
      420048 419050 420051 421053 423055 424056 425056 426056
      427055 428054
 1.50 447072 446072 445070 445069 443068 442067 440069 441071
      442072 443073 445074 446073 447072
 1.50 443094 441089 437086 433084 430080 428080 423081 420083
      420086 422088 425091 428094 433096 436095 441095 443094
 2.00 441093 440090 437088 433089 432085 430083 428082 425082
      423083 422086 424089 426090 428092 431093 435093 438094
      441093
 3.00 428089 429087 428085 428084 427084 426084 426086 426088
      428089 428089

24HR QP VT 09/00Z
 0.01 534184 534178 532171 529161 528155 525150 519143 512136
      509133 505131 500128 493126 485121 481115 475108 469102
      462096 459091 456088 453079 450074 452069 453056 455025
      452998 447976 438953 421917 414898 413893 412889 411875
      408864 407858 408852 410839 412833 412828 414823 417818
      422811 426806 431804 442801 451800 461798 467793 476788
      486773 490766 497758 504752 510745 515737 517732 519727
      520721 519712 517704 514698 511692 509688 503681 498677
      491674 476669 460666 453663 445660 438654 432650 422648
      418649 414649 402652 395654 391656 384663 381668 381673
      384680 391683 396683 399684 407686 412699 414703 413706
      410706 401706 394710 391715 390720 392732 394736 395740
      392741 385747 380755 379766 373776 371787 366793 360799
      358803 357807 358816 357821 355827 351834 355844 361848
      364852 366857 368871 370884 372894 374900 373907 371913
      368918 363928 360931 355932 343942 339949 337954 334956
      306975 303979 301982 301987 299991 296990 293987 288986
      284988 282991 284994 285996 282997 276995 255988 251988
      249990 246992 243996 244002 245006 250013 257018 264023
      273025 281027 293027 297027 301025 305022 310024 317029
      321031 328032 333032 337030 343024 346018 347013 348011
      351011 352016 357016 361016 365013 372015 381020 385021
      387026 387031 387036 380041 370042 364043 362045 355052
      352055 347057 337060 332066 327074 327081 328087 329092
      331096 335102 333106 328107 323106 322110 320114 321117
      324121 322126 322132 325133 328129 329122 332120 332115
      333112 337108
 0.01 337108 339105 342107 352109 354110 353114 348114 345116
      346119 346123 348126 353133 346136 348139 353140 357140
      357137 357134 360134 364136 366140 370138 371133 369129
      368124 369114 367111 364108 365106 368104 371101 373102
      376101 377105 377109 378113 375116 374118 375122 375130
      374134 373140 369149 363154 363158 376149 377155 380157
      384158 386161 386166 376166 369168 361165 356164 354166
      355171 358174 358178 357180 353182 349180 346171 342170
      339168 335167 336171 335173 333172 331168 328165 326168
      327172 331175 334178 335182 339183 338179 339177 343180
      344183 346187 347192 356195 359198 358205 356209 353210
      353214 355217 364221 372223 378224 387223 393228 395231
      400232 408230 412231 416229 419221 420215 421209 425203
      428202 432199 436193 441184 447178 454175 457165 462166
      463159 466157 471158 474161 478163 481166 483170 486174
      490176 499178 507178 507184 509186 517188 523190 526192
      529191 534184
 0.01 512239 511231 508222 501211 499201 496197 489198 485202
      480207 474209 463215 457214 451213 437213 426220 424223
      424228 422234 410237 409242 412244 420246 427246 431246
      433241 436235 440230 445227 453228 455226 459226 464229
      474239 480239 482237 483234 482228 484223 488224 490227
      499238 503241 508244 511242 512239
 0.01 467242 466237 462234 458234 453235 449237 447238 443240
      442247 446248 449248 453247 457247 461245 464244 467242
 0.01 390102 389100 388098 390095 389094 387094 385094 384095
      383095 381097 380099 381101 383102 384103 385104 386105
      388104 390102
 0.01 366757 363751 360748 357747 353748 351750 346756 344759
      344763 342772 341779 342783 344785 351784 354777 357770
      363765 366757 366757
 0.01 336006 335004 333002 333001 331000 329001 328002 326003
      326004 324005 326007 327007 329007 331007 333007 335007
      336006
 0.25 503718 503714 502710 500708 492707 488707 485710 481718
      473722 463723 460726 459730 456733 455731 455725 458722
      460712 467708 470705 471701 469697 466694 463692 458693
      445691 436688 433693 433698 435707 439714 425724 422730
      422735 424739 425756 425759 428762 434764 438765 441768
      446776 451781 453784 457784 463778 469773 480762 482759
      484754 484748 486743 489735 496730 500723 503718
 0.25 442094 432080 432074 435069 435063 434058 433054 434047
      436043 439041 442040 443037 441029 439017 435009 430002
      427991 424983 418977 416975 414970 412961 409950 407938
      406927 406919 405912 402903 399893 397871 394862 390852
      389841 390829 392820 396811 402797 408789 410782 407778
      404776 398782 388795 378806 373812 370821 372832 373847
      375856 377869 378878 381886 385895 387901 387906 389921
      387932 384943 380949 371961 367969 366974 365980 367986
      370989 376989 379988 382986 385986 389996 395009 401016
      402027 403034 402041 399045 399051 407086 405091 405097
      404104 404111 411116 414120 413124 414127 417129 419125
      424118 428112 430108 430104 432099 436096 440096 442094
 0.25 431169 431168 429166 428165 427165 426168 427168 429169
      431169 431169
 0.25 425174 420157 421150 423145 423142 419143 416145 415140
      413137 410134 406135 403139 401142 399145 401155 404163
      406167 406171 400176 394181 389187 387189 385195 385200
      389203 394203 398203 401201 403198 408191 413186 420180
      424176 425174
 0.50 475760 473751 473746 472741 465745 459750 456753 456757
      461759 459766 457773 459776 461775 467769 472765 475760
 0.50 434092 433087 430083 425075 426070 427064 428061 428056
      426043 426032 416029 413029 410033 410038 408043 405047
      403051 404057 406061 410066 410073 412077 415078 418076
      420077 420084 418088 417091 415091 412087 410088 407098
      407105 408107 411107 419104 422102 425098 428095 432094
      434092
 0.50 412181 411178 412174 410173 407175 405177 403179 402183
      401185 400188 399192 400192 403190 405189 407187 409185
      410183 412181
 0.50 407970 406968 405966 403964 402964 401966 401968 401970
      402971 402972 403975 405975 406973 407971 407970
 0.50 394895 394888 392883 391879 389874 387870 386867 384868
      384872 384875 384881 386885 388890 390895 392897 394895
 0.50 386809 385808 383807 382807 380809 379812 380813 382812
      384811 385809 386809
 0.50 382963 382961 380963 379965 378965 378967 379968 380968
      381968 381965 382964 382963
 1.00 430089 428087 426086 426089 428090 430090 430089
 1.00 417062 416059 414055 415053 416051 416049 415047 413048
      410049 408052 407054 408056 409059 411061 414063 417062

$$





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