Quantitative Precipitation Forecast
Issued by NWS

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000
FXUS04 KWBC 280842
QPFPFD

QUANTITATIVE PRECIPITATION FORECAST DISCUSSION
NWS WEATHER PREDICTION CENTER COLLEGE PARK MD
441 AM EDT SUN AUG 28 2016


PRELIM DAY 1...DAY 2 AND DAY 3 QPF DISCUSSION
VALID AUG 28/1200 UTC THRU AUG 31/1200 UTC
REFERENCE AWIPS GRAPHICS UNDER...PRECIP ACCUM - 24HR

DAY 1...

SOUTHWEST INTO THE CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN PLAINS
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
A SHORTWAVE SHOULD TRACK SLOWLY EASTWARD TOWARD THE AZ/NM BORDER
REGION THIS EVENING WITH MODELS IN GOOD AGREEMENT TIMING-WISE.
BROADER DIURNAL THUNDERSTORM COVERAGE IS EXPECTED ACROSS THE
SOUTHERN ROCKIES AND FROM WESTERN TX INTO SOUTHWEST KS WHERE THERE
MESOSCALE GUIDANCE AGREEMENT FOR LOCAL AMOUNTS IN THE 3-6" RANGE.
A CONSERVATIVE APPROACH WAS FOLLOWED FOR THE QPF, USING 00Z WPC
QPF CONTINUITY AND THE MOST RECENT GUIDANCE AS A GUIDE.  A SLIGHT
RISK OF EXCESSIVE RAINFALL IS PLANNED FOR PORTIONS OF SOUTHERN NM
AND WESTERN TX WHERE THE HIGHEST PRECIPITATION AND THE LOWEST
FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE VALUES ARE EXPECTED TO OVERLAP.


MINNESOTA/WISCONSIN
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
A WARM FRONT ADVANCES INTO CENTRAL MN AHEAD OF A SHORTWAVE MOVING
NEAR THE CENTRAL US/CANADIAN BORDER.  PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES
RISE ABOVE 1.5" AS LOW-LEVEL INFLOW BECOMES INCREASINGLY CYCLONIC
AFTER 12Z, WITH WINDS EVENTUALLY RISING TO 40+ KTS AT 850 HPA.  A
CAP APPEARS TO BE BUILDING, USING THE 9C ISOTHERM AT 700 HPA AS A
GUIDE.  THE INGREDIENTS APPEAR TO EXIST FOR AN ORGANIZED
CONVECTIVE COMPLEX, PERHAPS ONE OF THE QUASI-LINEAR VARIETY WITH
AN ASSOCIATED COLD POOL FORMING DURING THE AFTERNOON AND EVENING
HOURS ACROSS WEST-CENTRAL MN.  BUT WHERE DOES IT GO FROM THERE?
INTERESTING TRENDS ARE SEEN, WITH SOME OF THE MESOSCALE GUIDANCE
TRENDING NORTHWARD WHILE THE GFS/NAM GUIDANCE TREND SOUTH.  THE
BREADTH OF THE INSTABILITY FORECAST BY THE 21Z SREF MEAN IS
IMPRESSIVE NEAR AND SOUTH OF THE WARM FRONT.  WHILE NORMALLY A
COMBINATION OF FORWARD PROPAGATING CONVECTIVE VECTORS (WHICH POINT
EASTWARD) AND 1000-500 HPA THICKNESS PATTERN (WHICH POINT SOUTH TO
SOUTH-SOUTHEAST) WOULD BE USED FOR FORWARD PROPAGATION, THE DEGREE
OF INSTABILITY INDICATES THAT MERELY FOLLOWING THE FORWARD
PROPAGATING VECTORS SHOULD SUFFICE.  THIS IDEA CAN BE REVISITED IN
LATER FORECASTS.  WPC MOVES THE COMPLEX EASTWARD WITH TIME ACROSS
MN.  THE SOLUTION CHOSEN RESEMBLES A COMPROMISE OF THE 00Z GFS/00Z
NAM OR THE 12Z/00Z WRF NSSL RUNS.  THE 00Z CANADIAN REGIONAL AND
12Z ECMWF APPEAR TO BE LOWER PROBABILITY SCENARIOS FOR THIS
COMPLEX`S EVOLUTION.  COORDINATION WITH THE MPX/CHANHASSEN MN
OFFICE NUDGED THE QPF SOLUTION NORTHWARD FROM WHAT WAS ORIGINALLY
PROPOSED.  THE SHIFT MADE TO THE 00Z WPC QPF WAS SOUTHWARD IN THIS
AREA.  BOTH MARGINAL RISK AND SLIGHT RISK AREAS ARE PLANNED BASED
ON THE 06Z WPC QPF PATTERN.


LOWER MS VALLEY & WESTERN GULF COAST
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
A SURFACE TROUGH/850 HPA CIRCULATION INTERACT WITH PRECIPITABLE
WATER VALUES OF 2-2.25" TO LEAD TO HEAVY RAINS ACROSS PORTIONS OF
LA AND THE LOWER TO MIDDLE TX COAST.  THE MAIN CHALLENGE HERE
CONTINUES TO BE WITH HOW FAR NORTH THE HEAVIER CONVECTIVE BANDS
WILL DEVELOP, WHICH MOVED FAIRLY FAR INLAND ACROSS LA ON SATURDAY.
DIFFERENTIAL HEATING ALONG THE SYSTEM`S NORTHERN FRINGE WILL
LIKELY SUPPORT SOME HEAVIER RAIN BANDS INLAND ACRS PARTS OF THE TX
COAST INTO LA DURING DAYTIME HEATING (ROUGHLY 15Z-03Z).  CLOSER TO
THE LOW-LEVEL CIRCULATION, ONSHORE FLOW SHOULD FOCUS HEAVY RAIN
NEAR THE COAST, PARTICULARLY IN THE 06Z-15Z TIME FRAME.  FOR THE
MOST PART..BLENDED 00Z WPC CONTINUITY WITH IDEAS INTRODUCED BY THE
SATURDAY CONVECTIVE PATTERN ACROSS LA.  HOURLY RAIN RATES COULD
REACH 3" WHERE CELLS MERGE OR WITHIN SHORT TRAINING BANDS.  THE
MESOSCALE GUIDANCE SHOWS POCKETS OF 3-6" OF RAIN NEAR THE LA AND
UPPER TX COAST.  THE PLAN IS FOR A LARGER SLIGHT RISK TODAY WHEN
COMPARED TO SATURDAY AS SATURDAY`S RAINFALL LED TO SOME REDUCTION
IN THE FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE/SOIL SATURATION ACROSS SOUTHERN LA.


FLORIDA
~~~~~~~
AN AXIS OF ABOVE NORMAL MOISTURE NEAR THE SOUTHERN PERIPHERY OF
SUBTROPICAL RIDGE IN THE VICINITY OF AN OCCASIONALLY CONVECTIVE
LOW PRESSURE AREA MOVING THROUGH THE FL STRAITS WILL TO LEAD TO
THUNDERSTORMS ACROSS PORTIONS OF THE SOUTHERN PENINSULA.  THE
DEGREE OF HEAVY RAINFALL IN FL DEPENDS ON IF THE SURFACE LOW GETS
BETTER ORGANIZED UNDER A REGIME OF WEAKENING VERTICAL WIND SHEAR
AS AN UPPER LOW WITH ITS NORTH BEGINS TO RECURVE...SEE TROPICAL
WEATHER OUTLOOKS FROM THE NHC ON ITS POTENTIAL FOR TROPICAL
CYCLONE DEVELOPMENT.  SOME LIGHT NORTH TO NORTHEAST VERTICAL WIND
SHEAR IS EXPECTED THUS RAIN PATTERN OVER FL (OUTSIDE THE KEYS)
SHOULD CONTINUE TO BE DOMINATED BY ENHANCED EASTERLY FLOW WITHIN A
VERY MOIST AIRMASS -- CLOSER TO THE COAST IN THE 06Z-15Z PERIOD
AND DUE TO SEA BREEZE CIRCULATIONS BETWEEN 15Z-03Z.  SLIGHTLY
INCREASED AMOUNTS ACROSS SOUTHERN FL AND THE KEYS FROM 00Z WPC
CONTINUITY BASED ON THE MOST RECENT GUIDANCE.


CAROLINAS
~~~~~~~~~
AN AXIS OF HIGH MOISTURE AROUND SOUTH SIDE OF A WARM CORE RIDGE
WILL PROVIDE HEALTHY ENVIRONMENT FOR SEA BREEZE ACTIVITY TO
DEVELOP OVER PORTIONS OF THE EASTERN CAROLINAS DURING THE
AFTERNOON AND EVENING HOURS.  MODELS SHOWED DECENT AGREEMENT HERE
SO DID NOT VARY TOO MUCH FROM CONSENSUS OR FROM THE 00Z WPC QPF
CONTINUITY.


EASTERN TN AND EASTERN KY
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
PULSE THUNDERSTORMS ARE EXPECTED WITHIN A LIGHT BUT MOIST FLOW
REGIME, WITH OUTFLOW BOUNDARIES POTENTIALLY DOMINATING CELL
MOVEMENT.  USED A COMPROMISE OF THE 12Z ECMWF AND 00Z GFS FOR THE
PRECIPITATION PATTERN IN THIS AREA, WHICH ENDED UP A BIT WETTER
THAN THE 00Z WPC QPF CONTINUITY.


NORTHEAST
~~~~~~~~~
A WEAKENING SHORTWAVE AND ASSOCIATED FRONTAL ZONE ARE EXPECTED TO
BE ACCOMPANIED BY A BAND OF SHOWERS AND THUNDERSTORMS ACROSS THE
NORTHEAST DURING DAYTIME HEATING ON SUNDAY.  PRECIPITABLE WATER
VALUES OF 1.5-2" ARE EXPECTED NEAR THIS BOUNDARY/FRONT ALOFT.
WHILE AREAL AVERAGE AMOUNTS SHOULD BE GENERALLY LIGHT TO MODERATE,
POCKETS OF HEAVY RAINFALL SHOULD BE POSSIBLE NEAR AND WITHIN THE
CONVERGENT CYCLONIC FLOW NEAR THE SURFACE FEATURE.  LOCAL AMOUNTS
IN THE 2-4" RANGE SHOULD BE POSSIBLE, GIVEN ENOUGH INSTABILITY
BUILDS ACROSS THE PERIOD, WHICH IS A QUESTION MARK THE FARTHER
EAST YOU GO IN NEW ENGLAND.

DAYS 2 AND 3...


FLORIDA...


A WEAK AND DISORGANIZED AREA OF LOW PRESSURE LOCATED SOUTH OF
FLORIDA IS FORECAST TO TRACK SLOWLY WEST/NORTHWESTWARD OVER THE
NEXT FEW DAYS. HEAVY CONVECTIVE RAINFALL IS EXPECTED ACROSS THE
SOUTHERN HALF OF FLORIDA AND THE KEYS MONDAY AND TUESDAY INTO
EARLY WEDNESDAY.  EVEN THOUGH THE SYSTEM SHOULD BE WELL WEST OF
FLORIDA LATER IN THE FORECAST...MOIST TROPICAL FLOW WITH HIGH
PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES FORECAST TO BE 2.5 TO 3 TIMES THE NORMAL
VALUES ARE FORECAST FOR THE REGION.

THE NATIONAL HURRICANE CENTER (WWW.NHC.NOAA.GOV) HAS BEEN
MONITORING THIS SYSTEM FOR DAYS AND PRESENTLY EXPECTS A MEDIUM
CHANCE OF INTENSIFICATION AS IT DRIFTS OVER THE EASTERN GULF OF
MEXICO.  A BLEND OF THE LATEST RUNS OF THE GFS/NAM AND ECMWF WHICH
RESULTS IN WPC AREAL AVERAGED TWO DAY QPF AMOUNTS OF 2 TO 3+
INCHES ALONG THE SOUTHERN TIP OF FLORIDA AND THE KEYS...WITH
LOCALLY HIGHER AMOUNTS EXPECTED. MADE A FEW CHANGES FROM
CONTINUITY TO THE EXCESSIVE RAINFALL AREAS BY INCLUDING THE
WESTERN/SW COAST IN THE SLIGHT RISK AREA ON DAY 3...MAINTAINING A
MARGINAL RISK ACROSS FAR SOUTH FLORIDA ON DAY 2.

WESTERN GULF COAST...


A SLOW MOVING WEAK UPPER DISTURBANCE ACROSS SOUTH CENTRAL TEXAS
WILL HELP GENERATE SHOWERS AND THUNDERSTORMS ALONG PORTIONS OF THE
WESTERN AND CENTRAL GULF COAST...ESPECIALLY ON DAY 2. MOISTURE
ANOMALIES ARE NOT AS HIGH AS OVER SOUTHERN FLORIDA BUT ARE STILL
CLOSE TO 2 STD DEVIATIONS ABOVE NORMAL WITH HEAVIEST QPF EXPECTED
ALONG THE COAST OF TEXAS AND SOUTHWESTERN LOUISIANA.  A MARGINAL
RISK FOR EXCESSIVE RAINFALL WAS MAINTAINED ACROSS FAR SOUTHERN
LOUISIANA AND SOUTHEAST TEXAS ON DAY 2.


NEW MEXICO/SOUTHERN ROCKIES TO CENTRAL PLAINS TO THE MIDDLE/UPPER
MISSISSIPPI VALLEY AND GREAT LAKES/OHIO VALLEY/NORTHEAST...


A NEARLY STATIONARY AND WEAK POSITIVELY TILTED UPPER TROUGH
EXTENDING FROM THE SOUTHWEST TO THE CENTRAL PLAINS WILL MAINTAIN A
FEED OF MOISTURE TO THE NORTH AND EAST FROM NEW MEXICO EAST AND
NORTHWARD ACROSS THE PLAINS STATES WITH SCATTERED SHOWERS AND
THUNDERSHOWERS OCCURRING ON BOTH DAYS ACROSS THE SOUTHWEST INTO
THE PLAINS AND MIDDLE MISSISSIPPI VALLEY.

A COLD FRONT ASSOCIATED WITH AN AMPLIFYING UPPER TROUGH AS THE
WESTERN RIDGE BUILDS NORTHWARD WILL ALSO BE ASSOCIATED WITH
SHOWERS AND THUNDERSTORMS AND WILL PROVIDE THE NORTHERN EXTENSION
OF MOISTURE STREAMING IN FROM THE SOUTH AND WEST. SHOWERS AND
THUNDERSTORMS WILL EXPAND IN COVERAGE DIURNALLY BUT QPF TOTALS ARE
EXPECTED TO BE MODERATE WITH A NARROW BAND OF TOTALS EXCEEDING .25
INCHES FROM EASTERN NEW MEXICO NORTH NORTHEASTWARD INTO THE
CENTRAL PLAINS WITH MAXIMA OF .5 TO 1 INCHES EMBEDDED WITHIN THIS
AREA AND A MAXIMUM OF GREATER THAN 1 INCH ACROSS EASTERN NEW
MEXICO. WITH RELATIVELY MODEST FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE VALUES OF 1.5
TO 2.5 INCHES...MAINTAINED A MARGINAL RISK OF EXCESSIVE RAINFALL
THROUGHOUT THIS REGION ON DAYS 2 AND 3 WITH SOME LOCALLY HEAVY
RAINFALL POSSIBLE.

ALSO INCLUDED ANOTHER AREA OF MARGINAL RISK ACROSS NORTHERN
MINNESOTA/NORTHERN MICHIGAN AND UPPER MICHIGAN ASSOCIATED WITH THE
COLD FRONT MOVING SLOWLY ACROSS THE REGION ON MONDAY NIGHT INTO
TUESDAY.  AREAL AVERAGED QPF AMOUNTS OF .5 TO 1 INCHES ARE
FORECAST WHILE FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE VALUES REMAIN BETWEEN 1.5 AND
3 INCHES.

COASTAL NORTH CAROLINA...


SHOWERS AND THUNDERSTORMS WILL BE ON THE INCREASE ACROSS COASTAL
NORTH CAROLINA THE DAY 2/3 PERIOD ASSOCIATED WITH A WEAK TROPICAL
LOW APPROACHING THE COAST ON DAY 2...AND FORECAST TO MAKE A SHARP
TURN TOWARDS THE NORTH/NORTHEAST ON DAY 3. WHILE THE HIGHEST
TOTALS SHOULD STAY OFFSHORE...SOME HEAVIER RAINS MAY CLIP THE
OUTER BANKS OR FAR EASTERN NORTH CAROLINA.

PACIFIC NW...


AN AMPLIFYING UPPER TROUGH OVER THE EASTERN PACIFIC WITH APPROACH
THE COASTS OF WESTERN OREGON AND WASHINGTON ON LATE TUESDAY INTO
WEDNESDAY/DAY 3. RAIN WILL DEVELOP FROM THE COAST OF NORTHWESTERN
OREGON ACROSS EXTREME WESTERN WASHINGTON WITH QPF AMOUNTS INCREASE
FROM .25 TO .5 INCHES AND HIGHER FROM SOUTH TO NORTH ALONG THE
COASTLINE OF WESTERN WASHINGTON.


ROTH/KOCIN

24HR QP VT 29/12Z
 0.01 555031 554020 552015 550006 545001 540997 534997 528999
      523001 518006 513009 508014 508019 510022 514023 517022
      519021 530017 540025 549033 552036 554037 555031
 0.01 538205 539196 539191 538188 534177 529168 525160 521155
      517153 508146 500148 499152 500157 502161 502166 500168
      497172 496179 501186 506189 509193 510200 511207 510212
      509214 507216 504216 498210 493209 489210 484209 480211
      479213 479216 481218 484222 489225 490228 489231 488234
      486234 483230 480227 475229 471232 470234 469240 471249
      470264 469272 467278 461290 459295 460300 465307 468319
      470321 473320 477317 483313 491310 495309 499306 506299
      509297 512291 516283 518275 521269 522261 523254 523247
      525241 529229 532222 535215 538205
 0.01 535971 535963 535955 535949 533944 531940 531936 534932
      535928 534921 533915 531912 528910 520910 517908 513908
      509908 505906 498900 493894 488889 483882 481879 478877
      467868 459866 455864 450864 444869 440875 437884 435895
      434905 434914 436926 438940 439950 441959 445966 450974
      455981 460986 463987 467986 470983 476983 482985 489988
      496991 507992 520987 525984 530979 535971
 0.01 523757 522739 521725 520716 518707 516703 512699 506692
      503688 500682 494670 491666 489659 488652 486648 484643
      482640 478635 472631 469628 465628 461627 455630 448635
      442642 437651 434660 429671 426681 424693 423707 424718
      420729 414746 409763 407772 404781 402786 399789 396792
      391794 387794 383797 379798 376801 367805 359812 351818
      347821 344826 339836 339840 337844 340852 343860 347865
      354868 356867 360868 368872 375878 378881 379889 377915
      376920 373925 367932 364936 361938 355941 353942 350941
      344939 339937 335935 332930 324916 319908 316899 305863
      303850 301839 299834 298827 300824 304826 313829 315829
      318823 321818 325814 334818 340813 344807 354795 358788
      359782 361776 364768 363756 360747 361743 359740 351735
      348733 341734 330733 326731 324732 322734 319739 319743
      321747 323754 326773 325782 321782 316781 310779 306780
      304778 299779 295777 291774 285768 279763 272760 267758
      263755 251756 247755 242752 232752 226751 220752 220758
      219763 218766 218772 218782 216788 215797 217807 218819
      226839 237850 242861 246869 251876 256886 259897 263910
      264920 261929 257945 255956 255962 256965 257970 260974
      266980 269979 275980 282983 286985 292985 300981 309977
      318971 322968 327966 334972 339978 343981 346985 346989
      344991 337998 324004 320005 314004 311005 307009 294018
      292023 288026 285030 280031 267030 261030 256031 250034
      244034 240036 237040 234043 234047 237053 238061 241068
      255077 269087 273090 279091 285092 287093
 0.01 287093 299095 303097 309099 315100 319102 329096 334099
      337101 342107 350123 354120 351115 349110 345102 344094
      347088 350088 352092 357099 365112 369112 368108 366103
      362101 359097 357094 358090 361086 360080 359076 363074
      366074 368077 373085 376094 378097 380093 382086 386089
      391089 388085 385081 386078 391082 398078 401076 403071
      405066 406061 403035 401029 401020 408013 413008 416999
      417992 419989 423980 423972 422967 421966 417965 413966
      398981 392986 384989 381991 377990 382981 391965 395959
      400957 406957 409957 410955 414948 417943 418939 421917
      420911 420906 418893 418888 418882 423869 432854 442839
      461832 464832 467834 471836 475839 478842 484847 490853
      494861 499868 505867 509869 510866 512859 514845 516840
      516830 517824 516818 516810 517804 516789 518777 523757
 0.01 480100 481090 478081 475078 473078 471082 471088 470095
      468100 465104 462114 463118 465120 469120 472118 476112
      479104 480100
 0.01 455115 456106 457096 455090 454088 452090 449089 447091
      441093 438093 438095 439100 443101 446104 449107 452114
      454117 455115
 0.01 408117 409101 408096 405092 403093 401097 399101 395105
      391107 382109 377110 374114 375120 375127 373132 376130
      382124 393122 399122 404121 408117
 0.01 374191 375189 375186 373184 372183 370183 368182 366182
      365182 363183 362184 364186 366187 367187 369188 371188
      372190 372191 374191 374191
 0.25 518268 519262 519256 516249 509235 504228 501226 498227
      497231 496235 498245 495246 492244 488241 481259 477269
      476278 476284 477287 481288 496292 503291 507287 512280
      516275 518268
 0.25 528191 527188 527186 526185 526184 524182 524181 523180
      521179 520178 518178 517180 517182 517185 518188 519188
      520190 521191 521192 523194 524195 526195 527193 528191
      528191
 0.25 511744 511739 509735 507728 504723 500721 496722 488721
      483723 480727 477729 475727 475724 479719 481711 484700
      485686 484677 482670 478665 474659 466655 463653 463645
      459643 453646 449652 446658 442668 442674 445678 450679
      452681 451684 451687 445700 442710 438721 435727 434735
      431741 427747 423756 419768 415779 415783 417783 421785
      424783 427779 434771 440760 450751 452746 456742 465740
      470742 473748 480759 484763 486770 489783 491790 496794
      500792 502790 504785 506773 508758 511744
 0.25 508973 508968 507965 503961 497954 493941 486934 472921
      458907 454904 449903 446906 445911 443920 443927 445940
      448952 453962 456966 460970 464972 469973 479970 486962
      490960 494961 495963 493972 495978 501979 505977 508973
 0.25 413816 412811 409814 407817 405822 403827 402832 402839
      404845 406845 409840 410836 410831 411824 412819 413816
 0.25 406998 401996 396998 392999 389000 385002 381005 379008
      381012 386011 390009 394007 397005 401002 404000 406998
 0.25 402919 403910 401903 397899 394904 392909 391916 390924
      389931 391936 396933 399929 401922 402919
 0.25 382117 381116 380117 381119 382117 393068 394066 394064
393062
      391061 389062 388063 387064 387065 386068 387069 388070
      389071 390072 392071 392069
      393068
 0.25 379843 379835 377830 374826 372819 370814 364816 357821
      350829 346833 344836 345844 347849 353856 362859 369859
      373857 378848 379843
 0.25 371052 368050 363051 350051 349048 351041 353031 357020
      365013 368009 368005 364003 360002 352007 343013 334018
      327022 319027 308030 302032 299034 297039 299044 305052
      310057 314060 317063 319064 319067 315067 311066 302060
      295052 288045 280042 267040 259040 254042 252045 252053
      254061 262067 273072 294077 305080 311081 316080 319077
      322077 324079 330084 333085 336084 337077 344067 351064
      354060 359059 366056 370054 371052
 0.25 356770 356766 354761 351756 343748 335742 330739 325740
      329755 330763 333767 337771 336778 335785 334791 340794
      344791 348786 350781 356770
 0.25 318941 318936 317932 314926 309911 305882 303874 299867
      296862 291857 282851 272847 267842 264836 264833 265831
      268828 273828 276828 280825 278821 275817 272812 272807
      275805 284805 290806 293805 295803 295800 290789 288784
      284779 279776 272773 267771 259769 254768 249767 242765
      239765 235767 230770 225775 223781 221789 222803 224817
      229831 233838 237843 254854 259859 262866 266882 270896
      273908 274915 275925 275935 275942 271953 269959 268966
      270972 276975 283974 290972 297970 301968 309960 312955
      315949 318941
 0.50 344041 346037 346033 345026 344024 341023 338024 329029
      321034 315036 310036 305036 302038 305044 309047 319050
      325058 330060 334058 338049 344041 357014 356012 354013
356014 357014 359011 358011 357011 358012 359011
 0.50 517267 516259 514253 507244 503242 504249 504252 503256
      498255 493253 490252 488254 486260 483268 481276 481280
      482282 492284 499288 503286 510276 514272 517267
 0.50 501747 501744 501742 500739 498738 497738 495740 494743
      494746 494747 495748 496749 498750 499752 498754 497755
      498756 500756 500755 500752 500749 501748 501747
 0.50 475692 474687 473682 473679 470676 469675 467674 465675
      466678 467682 469684 470686 471691 473695 475692
 0.50 471706 470698 467699 461706 456712 453715 453711 452708
      449709 446714 444718 442723 441728 444732 448731 455730
      459729 462725 466717 470708 471706
 0.50 476952 477947 477942 474937 469928 462921 455915 452914
      450916 448920 447930 448937 452949 456959 460964 464967
      469967 472964 475960 476953 476952
 0.50 433756 434754 433753 431754 430755 428757 427759 426760
      425762 425763 425765 425767 426769 428767 429766 431764
      432761 433759 433756 433756
 0.50 370846 371844 371842 371840 370839 368840 366839 365838
      364838 362838 361841 361843 362845 363846 364847 365848
      367849 368848 370847 370846
 0.50 350773 349771 348772 346775 345778 344781 343783 342786
      342789 344787 345785 347782 348779 349776 350773
 0.50 334080 334077 332077 334079 334080 334080
 0.50 310941 310934 308928 305918 304912 303904 302891 302883
      300878 294871 290868 285865 279865 275867 272873 272877
      274890 280912 281926 282939 281946 279952 276962 277969
      279971 282970 290967 295965 299961 304954 308946 310941
 0.50 292067 292062 290060 285053 280049 273047 263046 258047
      257049 257054 259057 262062 269066 277067 285068 292067
 0.50 281790 281783 279779 277778 275779 271778 267776 262776
      253775 248773 241773 233778 227785 225793 224800 225807
      227819 231829 235836 239839 244840 250839 252836 255832
      256826 260824 265823 271823 274821 266817 263814 262809
      264806 267804 275797 280791 281790
 1.00 503273 503270 502267 499263 497261 494260 492261 491266
      490270 490274 493277 497276 498276 501275 503273
 1.00 468954 468947 468940 467935 464930 462927 457925 455925
      453930 453937 455942 456947 459952 461954 465957 467955
      468954
 1.00 301937 301932 299926 299918 297908 296897 296891 294885
      291879 286873 281876 280885 280894 283904 285912 288922
      290929 291935 289939 287947 283955 282959 283962 290959
      294954 298945 301938 301937
 1.00 262799 259793 256790 248786 241785 236787 231790 229794
      228800 228805 230816 234828 237832 242833 247829 248825
      252816 256806 262799
 1.50 463942 463940 463937 462936 461935 460933 459934 458935
      458937 459938 459940 460942 462943 463942
 1.50 290893 290891 290889 289888 288887 287886 285887 285889
      285890 286891 287893 287894 289894 290893
 1.50 255799 251793 245790 240789 236790 233793 231796 231804
      231814 234822 238828 243828 244825 246819 249812 252804
      255799
 2.00 251800 249796 247794 244793 239792 236793 233797 232804
      232810 233816 236822 238825 241824 243819 246813 247808
      249802 251800
 3.00 245801 244799 242797 238797 237798 236802 236805 235808
      235812 237815 238816 240815 241811 242809 243806 244803
      245801

24HR QP VT 30/12Z
 0.01 526255 533229 538202 537191 533181 527174 523169 519167
      515166 511167 509170 510176 513188 516198 519208 521214
      521221 521228 518233 513233 510230 505221 502217 498216
      494216 491221 491227 493233 494236 491237 482235 478233
      474234 472239 471243 470248 468252 460257 451261 446270
      444280 449289 447295 445301 447307 451311 455311 458309
      465304 480295 487292 491291 496292 502295 507294 510291
      512287 517278 522266
 0.01 513121 514108 513102 510100 503101 495104 490103 487100
      485101 488106 492114 493127 499131 509134 511131 512123
      513121
 0.01 515858 514843 512833 508823 505815 499809 495799 487793
      485791 482792 469803 464812 460822 451843 449848 446853
      440863 422891 418891 415886 413882 411874 409871 409865
      408851 407837 408831 408824 413798 416776 419764 420758
      419750 420728 419723 417725 418714 419702 420699 418694
      414693 411696 408707 403727 402732 399733 397744 392768
      390775 388779 382786 378794 377798 376804 372803 366808
      362814 359818 358823 354832 351830 352827 353820 354798
      363778 370757 372745 373733 374731 371727 367719 357720
      354719 349720 344726 340731 336734 331739 328748 325758
      320766 313772 309775 305774 297769 287764 277762 268761
      264761 258761 249762 238765 231768 224783 222787 222791
      224802 225813 229821 238839 241848 245860 253881 254903
      255913 257924 258929 259936 260939 259943 252960 251969
      253973 255978 257982 261985 265994 267000 265005 263009
      263011 266013 281023 285025 286030 280034 277037 272038
      265036 253035 246035 243039 237055 239063 240068 243070
      252077 255079 260080 266082 270085 280090 300091 309092
      316095 322100 328105 340100 343098 342095 343088 346086
      349086 356083 359079 363078 366078 368080 371084 376092
      376100 378100 380096 383094 386090 386086 388083 395088
      397085 399079 403074 416065 416058 418053 416052 412054
      407053 401051 404038 414022 424005 431997 436990 440989
      441991 446990 450986 452983 457975 458970 460964
 0.01 460964 464950 469952 474951 479949 483944 486939 489932
      492927 494929 495934 502944 505947 507945 510945 512940
      514931 514910 515903 515892 514871 514863 515858
 0.01 487671 482659 474652 464650 457652 454653 452656 447658
      443663 440668 439675 444686 446690 447694 446700 445703
      443708 441713 433724 427733 428736 430735 433737 436736
      442735 446732 449729 452728 460726 476740 480744 484746
      486730 487714 486705 487701 487696 487671
 0.01 459108 460104 458101 455098 450095 445091 442091 440088
      437088 436090 438095 441103 444106 451108 455113 458111
      459108
 0.01 454081 455078 453076 451073 448070 447070 443070 440069
      438071 434071 434073 436074 439076 441077 444077 446080
      449080 453081 454081
 0.01 394911 394901 390895 386890 383889 380891 376891 374893
      369894 366898 358907 354912 350917 345921 342923 340920
      330909 330904 333895 335891 340886 345882 348877 357865
      361859 363854 367848 369842 371835 372825 373816 374813
      373809 371810 365820 361825 358832 355837 353837 352832
      349833 346836 341841 336845 333852 329857 325859 321860
      320857 318855 319852 320849 322846 325841 324833 323830
      320830 317832 306838 300843 300852 301862 305871 309884
      310892 311899 310907 310917 309920 310924 314932 316937
      318945 320952 323958 325965 328971 334975 336978 340979
      348978 353975 363968 368964 372960 378955 382949 386943
      387936 390922 394911
 0.01 383906 383902 380902 371902 369905 369909 368914 368918
      362925 362932 365935 366938 369941 371943 374945 377943
      380938 382934 382929 382918 382912 383906 383906
 0.25 521264 522256 522250 519246 514242 507236 504233 502233
      500235 499239 499245 498248 495248 491244 487242 486248
      485254 482260 470273 464279 459288 457294 457297 459298
      466295 481287 489284 498284 502284 506283 510281 513278
      518271 521264
 0.25 505880 504871 501865 491858 489851 485846 481843 478842
      477837 480824 481817 480814 478815 474820 471826 467831
      464839 460852 460860 461862 465863 466865 466870 464877
      459891 450920 452927 455929 459928 465927 471929 475930
      478924 481907 483900 486894 490890 496887 500888 503886
      505880
 0.25 426952 427942 425935 422928 420920 417917 414919 409924
      405930 402938 391962 384976 380982 375988 367995 362000
      359002 356002 347001 340004 331013 327017 323022 319027
      317029 313029 310030 307033 307038 306043 300045 291044
      276043 267043 261043 253045 247048 245053 248060 255068
      260072 266076 279082 283083 288083 294082 305081 310080
      313078 317074 320073 324073 330074 334073 335071 335067
      335064 339064 344063 352063 357064 361063 365060 370055
      374053 376053 381056 387054 386050 385049 379046 375041
      373037 374031 377028 379028 383027 387029 391028 394026
      400021 404019 409014 412008 414000 417993 422985 423977
      423966 426952
 0.25 397793 396791 394789 393789 391789 390792 389794 388799
      387801 385804 384806 385810 388808 389806 390803 392801
      393798 395795 397793
 0.25 363744 359739 354740 350742 345747 341753 336767 333774
      329781 326787 323795 322802 321806 323810 326810 328807
      332800 338788 342781 346775 356765 360759 362751 363744
 0.25 313805 312800 309794 306789 302785 295779 290776 284775
      274774 262777 249779 241785 234793 233798 233806 235820
      239832 244840 252848 261850 267851 274851 278849 280844
      281838 284833 287828 289822 290816 292816 304813 309811
      313805 313805
 0.25 307964 307958 307951 305939 303928 300918 298907 297901
      295896 291889 287885 285884 282885 279884 276884 274888
      273896 273902 273913 272927 272939 272946 270952 266958
      263963 262968 262974 265977 269979 275980 281980 285978
      292972 295969 299968 305967 307964
 0.50 519265 520256 517250 513247 509242 504241 501251 496251
      493249 490250 484263 481269 477274 474278 472282 473285
      478285 483283 493281 498281 503281 512275 516272 519265
 0.50 477902 476895 475892 471892 466889 463893 460900 458906
      456913 458920 462920 467921 472919 476915 477905 477902
 0.50 417977 417959 416949 416943 414942 407952 400964 396970
      394977 387990 384995 381002 381006 383008 388013 392013
      398009 403005 406000 410994 413987 417977
 0.50 359754 358749 354748 351750 347753 344756 342759 341764
      340768 342770 345769 350767 353764 356761 358756 359754
 0.50 363050 363049 363047 362046 360046 359047 359049 360051
      358053 357053 356054 354055 356056 357056 359056 360056
      361055 362054 363052 363050 363050
 0.50 355033 355028 353022 351017 347015 338017 330025 324032
      315036 315047 320050 325051 329053 335054 338051 343048
      347046 350042 353038 355033
 0.50 306066 307062 307058 303055 298051 293049 286048 278048
      265048 259049 254052 253054 253058 255063 259067 263071
      274076 285081 296077 300075 304070 306066
 0.50 302804 301799 299795 293788 285785 279784 272786 267787
      263786 252784 247786 243788 237796 236800 236806 237812
      238820 241828 247835 255839 264842 267839 269835 272824
      280824 281820 279816 277811 276807 285808 295808 300807
      302804
 0.50 289963 300955 302949 301940 300931 299922 297914 294906
      289900 287899 283900 282902 282906 283915 281924 280932
      278941 277949 274958 271964 270967 269972 270974 275976
      279974 282972 289963
 1.00 517265 518260 515254 509247 506247 504255 502257 497255
      492256 490260 486269 484273 483276 485277 493278 501277
      508272 515270 517265
 1.00 403985 408980 408974 404977 401981 401982 402984 403985
 1.00 401995 402993 401991 399992 399993 398994 396995 396996
      394997 394998 393000 394001 396001 397000 398000 399998
      400998 401996 401995
 1.00 341032 341030 339029 337028 335029 335030 335031 336032
      337034 339033 341033 341032
 1.00 292069 293060 288056 283055 277055 272057 265057 262057
      262062 266066 271068 274071 280074 286074 291071 292069
 1.00 296945 296938 296931 295926 295918 290908 288909 289914
      289921 288927 287933 285939 283943 281949 280962 275972
      278971 283964 290954 296946 296945
 1.00 264796 260791 256788 250789 247791 244795 241803 242815
      244819 248823 254826 262827 263817 258811 254809 254805
      257801 261799 264796
 1.50 516264 515260 513256 509250 507251 507256 506261 502261
      495258 492260 490265 489273 495275 502274 506266 509265
      513266 516264
 1.50 253798 252796 251795 249795 248796 247796 246799 246801
      247802 248803 249802 250802 251800 252799 253798
 2.00 513261 513260 511260 512262 513261
 2.00 501272 502270 502267 502265 502264 500263 499262 497261
      496260 494261 493264 492266 493269 494271 496272 497273
      499272 501272 501272

24HR QP VT 31/12Z
 0.01 535201 537197 536192 537185 536182 535175 532168 525158
      517151 505147 500148 497156 497161 499170 506177 514187
      523195 530205 533204 535201
 0.01 529240 530230 529223 527219 523219 518222 514224 511224
      507223 502218 500216 495214 492214 491216 490221 487222
      474223 463225 460226 456226 449226 446226 444227 441232
      439235 439238 435245 436252 434255 433259 433262 436266
      437267 441266 444272 450274 464275 471277 476281 488290
      492292 499293 502293 505290 510286 517277 521268 523259
      526247 529240
 0.01 524055 525045 526033 525022 521015 516013 512009 502998
      493991 486989 482989 480987 474986 468983 455976 452974
      445973 444984 445989 446993 451005 451010 449012 446017
      442031 450044 454045 458045 460043 468044 473049 478052
      481058 492068 495072 499074 508074 515075 516068 517062
      519065 520065 522062 524055
 0.01 508815 506786 500769 501764 500756 499748 497743 496735
      494729 493715 486688 483675 479665 474653 472649 470654
      467669 464682 459699 456708 453715 449723 444730 434748
      428771 423791 420801 421816 424830 425838 426842 428843
      435838 435847 432857 432860 429864 422868 414874 395876
      378886 375888 368889 361894 358896 358904 360909 360917
      362932 365937 369941 361956 359960 356962 349963 337954
      334949 330947 325941 319935 312928 309924 306920 304918
      300920 297893 300889 302883 305871 304861 303858 302852
      302842 302836 305834 311828 314826 317826 320831 322835
      323842 323847 325849 329848 330846 332842 337833 340824
      343810 351793 360774 364766 367759 369752 371742 375724
      374720 375717 373714 371709 368707 364703 360702 356703
      351706 345710 342713 339717 335721 331725 327729 321732
      312738 300741 284747 275749 267752 261756 253761 247767
      240773 234778 231782 229787 225797 224807 224813 224818
      226829 231840 237848 243853 249857 255859 263857 265860
      268864 272871 274874 275876 275880 274886 274892 274904
      273910 273917 269917 265915 261913 259915 254925 253939
      253954 252961 251966 246973 246976 248979 251980 251985
      251997 250010 249014 248022 246044 245048 245053 244057
      244063 255075 274088 278090 284092 293094 321088 326090
      329095 334102 339107 344114 347117 350121 354124 358122
      360118 357115 351110 347106 345101 344095 345088 346085
      348082 352078 359071 366073 370077 372080
 0.01 372080 375088 376093 376098 379099 383096 387093 389089
      393082 399078 401074 404072 407073 412073 414069 410066
      408064 408061 409059 396046 398041 400039 405033 412027
      419032 422030 423027 423021 425016 431994 431985 429974
      428959 427947 426939 432934 447924 457913 460908 461903
      464893 466884 469876 473865 477857 481850 483847 487844
      495848 503844 504840 506832 508815
 0.01 399751 399742 398739 394740 390745 387751 386758 386768
      385772 383775 379780 373790 366804 364810 360814 350824
      344834 343840 343847 348850 351855 356862 360867 364869
      368865 372849 372842 374834 376826 379819 381814 385809
      390803 394798 396791 397788 397784 398765 399751
 0.25 517267 518262 518257 515248 508235 503230 495229 490233
      484236 479232 474231 471232 466235 463237 461241 459244
      459246 462249 466252 479261 483265 489272 494277 499278
      503278 508276 514272 517267
 0.25 484710 482703 481698 479693 477689 476686 473686 472691
      470696 470701 473705 473708 475712 479713 483711 484710
 0.25 489780 490776 488772 484770 482764 481756 479751 474750
      470751 466755 464760 462766 461773 463780 465787 466793
      465799 465806 469808 472808 479799 484790 489780
 0.25 458239 456237 455238 456240 458239 458239
 0.25 417982 417975 416968 414960 412955 404945 401938 397931
      393927 389926 385925 382926 379931 377941 377947 376949
      370962 358981 349993 344006 340017 338023 334027 311041
      308043 302044 288044 282045 274045 269045 265044 258042
      254042 253044 251049 249055 250061 254067 259071 270079
      279083 291085 299084 306083 318078 324070 328065 332062
      337060 342055 351046 358038 365028 370023 372023 371027
      371030 373033 378033 385032 388029 396020 402018 407014
      413998 415991 417982
 0.25 376051 375046 373042 370041 367043 363045 360049 358052
      357058 359058 363056 367054 372054 376051 376051
 0.25 362749 361744 358743 354741 349742 344749 339758 335765
      332769 330770 322765 312763 304762 295760 289760 285760
      276764 270768 263773 255779 248784 244786 242789 238796
      235806 234812 235818 237826 242833 249840 257844 264843
      272840 290839 288818 290813 296812 306812 314810 322806
      333791 340786 346780 353772 358764 362749
 0.25 299964 299958 298953 296949 295937 294935 290935 287940
      285941 283945 279949 270958 261968 259972 261978 265982
      272986 277984 281977 285973 292977 295975 297972 299965
      299964
 0.50 515267 516260 514253 509243 507240 501235 497237 495241
      493242 488240 483241 480241 475245 475250 480254 484258
      488262 490267 494272 497273 502272 505270 510269 513269
      515267
 0.50 481781 481776 478775 475777 474780 474784 473788 472791
      472796 475795 476793 478791 479787 480784 481781
 0.50 407993 408984 406976 405969 404966 400960 398962 395962
      390956 387955 384956 381965 380974 377980 372986 366990
      359999 354007 355013 353020 350026 344030 337033 327040
      323041 322044 320049 321054 327056 332053 344045 351035
      359023 369014 375010 379010 381012 381017 382020 385021
      392018 396011 399009 402003 407993
 0.50 356757 355750 352748 349751 347754 344759 343761 341766
      342770 342772 346774 348771 351767 352764 355759 356757
 0.50 318787 316784 317779 315776 312775 306775 295774 282774
      272777 260782 251787 245790 242795 238803 237810 239816
      243825 247830 251834 260837 264837 269835 272833 275834
      280834 283833 284831 281825 280821 281815 283808 284806
      287805 299803 307802 312800 317793 318787
 0.50 308072 309069 308066 304061 295054 289052 281052 275052
      271052 267051 262049 258048 256051 254056 254061 255063
      258067 263071 275075 287079 293080 299080 304077 308072
 0.50 285964 286960 285956 283958 281960 279962 277964 275966
      273968 272972 275974 279973 281972 283969 284966 285964
 1.00 497265 497264 495263 495264 495265 497266 497265
 1.00 397982 395975 393973 389974 386978 382983 379988 375992
      371996 372999 376000 382999 386995 391993 393991 394987
      397982
 1.00 295071 293067 288063 283059 277058 271056 268057 272060
      266062 269064 275067 280069 287070 293071 295071
 1.00 277792 275788 269787 264789 256790 251792 246796 243800
      241805 242811 245817 249820 254823 264827 270828 273828
      273826 272820 268816 264811 264807 265804 268803 271803
      274804 275801 277792
 1.50 269824 269820 266818 262813 260810 259805 262799 257795
      250798 245803 244805 244811 250816 255819 261821 267825
      269824
 2.00 264819 261815 258812 255810 255803 253798 250800 247804
      246809 249812 251814 255817 259819 263820 264819

$$





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