Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Chicago, IL

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000
FXUS63 KLOT 091145
AFDLOT

AREA FORECAST DISCUSSION
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE CHICAGO/ROMEOVILLE IL
545 AM CST TUE FEB 9 2016

.SHORT TERM...
334 AM CST

THROUGH THURSDAY...

THE FORECAST THEME OF LIGHT SNOW WITH OCCASIONAL MODERATE SNOW
SHOWERS REMAINS ON TRACK FOR TODAY WITH ADDITIONAL LIGHT
ACCUMULATION. ATTENTION ALSO IS ON PORTER COUNTY INDIANA WHERE
TEMPORARY BUT MORE APPRECIABLE LAKE ENHANCED SNOW SHOWERS ARE
EXPECTED AT TIMES TODAY AND TONIGHT. AT THIS TIME NO HEADLINES ARE
PLANNED TO BE ISSUED AS ONLY MINIMAL IMPACTS ARE EXPECTED AT THIS
TIME AND SOME UNCERTAINTY ON DURATION. AN AREA WIDE SPECIAL
WEATHER STATEMENT WAS AGAIN ISSUED AND ONE MORE FOCUSED FOR PORTER
COUNTY. ALSO ON TRACK IS THE COLD WHICH LOOKS TO PROVIDE AREA WIDE
SUBZERO WIND CHILLS TO START WEDNESDAY MORNING AND PROBABLY
THURSDAY TOO.

THE IMPRESSIVELY AMPLIFIED TROUGH ACROSS EASTERN NORTH AMERICA IS
EVER SO SLOWLY INCHING EASTWARD. WITH A VIGOROUS 150KT UPPER JET
ON ITS WESTERN EDGE...THERE REMAINS NUMEROUS EMBEDDED SHORT WAVES
OVER THE WESTERN GREAT LAKES. THESE DISTURBANCES AND THEIR LIFT
WITH CONTINUED LOW-LEVEL COLD ADVECTION AND STEEP LAPSE RATES WILL
HELP THE SNOW TO CONTINUE TODAY. THE LAPSE RATES WILL ALLOW FOR
OCCASIONAL SNOW SHOWERS WHICH WILL BRING SHARPLY REDUCED
VISIBILITY AND SWATHS OF SLIGHTLY HIGHER SNOWFALL AMOUNTS. A
GENERAL WEST-TO-EAST FADE IN THIS SYNOPTIC ACTIVITY IS EXPECTED
LATE THIS AFTERNOON THROUGH MID-EVENING. HIGH TEMPERATURES WILL
REBOUND LITTLE IF AT ALL TODAY WITH MID TEENS TO MID 20S EXPECTED
FROM WEST TO EAST WITH WIND GUSTS TO 25 MPH ADDING AN EXTRA CHILL
TO THE AIR.

AS FOR LAKE EFFECT SNOW IN NORTHWEST INDIANA...THE COLD ADVECTION
IN THE LOW LEVELS...CHARACTERIZED BY 850MB TEMPERATURES DROPPING
TO -15C OR COLDER BY EARLY AFTERNOON...WILL HELP STRENGTHEN LAKE-
INDUCED INSTABILITY. MODIFIED RAP AND NAM SOUNDINGS FOR MID 30S
SURFACE TEMPERATURES PROVIDE CAPE OF 50 J/KG MUCH OF TODAY. BOTH
OF THESE MODELS INDICATE TRANSIENT BUT STRONG LOW-LEVEL OMEGA INTO
PORTER COUNTY TODAY AND EARLY THIS EVENING. THE ACTIVITY IS LIKELY
TO BE SOMEWHAT DISORGANIZED DUE TO A LACK OF A CONFLUENT
FOCUS...BUT STILL ENOUGH OF A DURATION TO PROVIDE 12-24 HOUR
SNOWFALL TOTALS OF 2-3 POSSIBLY 4 INCHES TODAY AND TONIGHT...WITH
THE HIGHER END IN NORTHEAST PORTER. THE BETTER SIGNAL FOR THE
CONFLUENT FLOW REMAINS JUST EAST OF OUR AREA WHERE ADVISORIES WILL
GO INTO EFFECT FROM ADJACENT NWS NORTHERN INDIANA DURING THE MID-
AFTERNOON.

THE STRONG CYCLONIC FLOW STILL IN PLACE TONIGHT SHOULD WARRANT
CLOUDS THOUGH SOME BREAKS COULD HAPPEN IN NORTHERN ILLINOIS BY
DAYBREAK WEDNESDAY. THE 4KM SPC WRF COLUMN CONDENSATE FIELD WHICH
OFTEN DOES WELL WITH CAA STRATOCU KEEPS CLOUDS AROUND A GOOD PART
OF THE NIGHT AS WELL...LENDING TO A LITTLE HIGHER CONFIDENCE.
TEMPERATURES WILL STILL FALL WITHIN THIS REGIME AND SINGLE DIGITS
ARE EXPECTED IN MOST LOCATIONS BY DAYBREAK WEDNESDAY. THE
CONFIDENCE IN CLOUD COVER DROPS QUITE A BIT WEDNESDAY AND
WEDNESDAY NIGHT THOUGH DO ANTICIPATE A GENERAL DIMINISHING TREND
WHICH WILL ALLOW FOR WEDNESDAY NIGHT TO BE A CHILLY ONE...WITH
SOME OUTLYING NEAR OR EVEN SUBZERO LOWS POSSIBLE.

SNOW IS NOT EXPECTED FOR THE AREA ON WEDNESDAY OUTSIDE OF SOME
CONTINUED LIGHTER LAKE EFFECT SNOW SHOWERS IN NORTHERN PORTER
COUNTY...ALTHOUGH THE BOUNDARY LAYER FLOW WILL BE GRADUALLY
BACKING SO IT IS NOT ANTICIPATED TO BE MUCH.

MTF

&&

.LONG TERM...
345 AM CST

THURSDAY NIGHT THROUGH TUESDAY...

WINTER CONTINUES GOING FORWARD INTO THE WEEKEND AND EARLY NEXT
WEEK IN AN UNSETTLED PATTERN. GLOBAL GUIDANCE CONTINUES TO SHOW A
SHEARED SHORT WAVE DIVING OVER OR NEAR THE AREA IN NORTHWEST FLOW.
MOST MODELS AND EVEN ENSEMBLE MEMBERS INDICATE LIGHT QPF WITH
THIS. IT IS A FEW DAYS AWAY YET BUT IT HAS THE LOOK OF ONE OF
THOSE CLIPPER-LIKE SYSTEMS THAT COULD PRODUCE A NARROW SWATH OF
POSSIBLY A COUPLE INCHES OF SNOW GIVEN FAVORABLE THERMAL PROFILES
FOR SNOW GROWTH AND LIGHT LOW-LEVEL WINDS.

THE NORTHERN STREAM OF THE JET AGAIN BUCKLES BEHIND THE
AFOREMENTIONED WAVE WITH AN ARCTIC HIGH OF 1040MB + EXPECTED
ACROSS THE UPPER MISSISSIPPI VALLEY BY FRIDAY NIGHT. THE SYNOPTIC
REGIME CONTINUES TO RESEMBLE ONE THAT COULD SUPPORT MESOSCALE LAKE
EFFECT SNOW...POSSIBLY EVEN HEAVY...WITH CONVERGENCE POINTED
TOWARD SOME OF THE CWA. AT THIS TIME THAT LOOKS TO BE MORE
NORTHWEST INDIANA. AGAIN FAR TOO EARLY FOR SOMETHING OF THAT SCALE
TO HAVE BIG CONFIDENCE IN...BUT DID INCREASE SNOW CHANCES IN FAR
NORTHWEST INDIANA FRIDAY NIGHT INTO SATURDAY.

MTF

&&

.AVIATION...
FOR THE 12Z TAFS...

LIGHT SNOW WILL CONTINUE INTO THIS EVENING WITH MINOR
ACCUMULATIONS OF 1-2 INCHES EXPECTED. LOW END VFR/HIGH END MVFR
CIGS ARE EXPECTED THROUGH THE PERIOD ALONG WITH GUSTY NW WINDS.
HAVE HIGH CONFIDENCE THAT WINDS WILL NOT BECOME MORE NORTH THAN
320 DEGREES. ON THE OTHER HAND...HAVE MEDIUM-LOW CONFIDENCE IN
SNOW INTENSITY THIS AFTN. GUIDANCE FEATURES INCREASING
FORCING...SO KEPT A TEMPO FOR IFR VSBY WITH MODERATE SNOW SHOWERS.
SNOW TAPERS OFF FROM WEST TO EAST THIS EVENING WITH VFR CIGS.
GUSTY NW WINDS CONTINUE OVERNIGHT INTO WEDNESDAY.

CONFIDENCE SUMMARY...HIGH CONFIDENCE IN LIGHT SNOW INTO THIS
EVENING AND GUSTY NW WINDS. MEDIUM CONFIDENCE IN MVFR CIGS...AND
MEDIUM- LOW CONFIDENCE IN TIMING AND OCCURRENCE OF MODERATE SNOW
SHOWERS THIS AFTN.

JEE

&&

.MARINE...
258 AM CST

ISSUED A GALE WARNING FOR THE NORTHERN TWO THIRDS OF THE LAKE FROM
MID MORNING THROUGH EARLY WEDNESDAY MORNING. CONFIDENCE IS  JUST
HIGH ENOUGH TO ISSUE THE WARNING...BUT HAVE HIGH CONFIDENCE THAT ANY
GALES WILL BE ON THE LOW END OF THE SPECTRUM.  NO CHANGES WERE MADE
TO THE SMALL CRAFT ADVISORY WHICH GOES THROUGH THROUGH EARLY
WEDNESDAY NIGHT FOR THE IL NEARSHORE WATERS...AND INTO THURSDAY
MORNING FOR THE INDIANA NEARSHORE WATERS DUE TO HAZARDOUS WINDS AND
WAVES.

A WEAK LOW OVER LAKE ONTARIO REACHES NEW ENGLAND THIS EVENING...AND
THEN MERGES WITH A DEEPER LOW OVER THE ATLANTIC WEDNESDAY EVENING.
MEANWHILE HIGH PRESSURE OVER THE NORTHERN PLAINS WILL BUILD SOUTH
TIGHTENING THE PRESSURE GRADIENT OVER THE WESTERN GREAT LAKES.
NORTHWEST WINDS INCREASE TO LOW END GALES THIS MORNING AND PERSIST
INTO WEDNESDAY MORNING MAINLY ACROSS THE NORTHERN TWO THIRDS OF THE
LAKE.  OCCASIONAL GALES ARE POSSIBLE OVER THE SOUTHERN THIRD OF THE
LAKE TONIGHT INTO WEDNESDAY MORNING. DO NOT HAVE ENOUGH CONFIDENCE
IN A PROLONGED PERIOD OF GALE FORCE GUSTS TO HOIST A GALE WARNING
FOR THE SOUTHERN THIRD OF THE LAKE.

THE HIGH PASSES SOUTH OF THE LAKE THURSDAY EVENING AND WINDS WILL
BECOME WEST 15-25 KT.  A WEAK LOW FORMS OVER ONTARIO THURSDAY
EVENING AND REACHES NEW ENGLAND FRIDAY EVENING.  AT THE SAME TIME A
LARGE HIGH SPREADS OVER THE NORTHERN AND CENTRAL PLAINS. THIS WILL
LEAD TO NORTHWEST TO NORTH WINDS INCREASING TO AT LEAST 30 KT FRIDAY
AFTERNOON THROUGH SATURDAY MORNING.  THE HIGH MOVES OVER THE LAKE
SATURDAY EVENING AND CONTINUES EAST TO THE EASTERN GREAT LAKES
SUNDAY MORNING. WINDS BECOME SOUTH IN THE WAKE OF THE HIGH SUNDAY.

JEE

&&

.LOT WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
IL...NONE.
IN...NONE.
LM...SMALL CRAFT ADVISORY...INDIANA NEARSHORE WATERS UNTIL 9 AM THURSDAY.

     SMALL CRAFT ADVISORY...ILLINOIS NEARSHORE WATERS UNTIL 3 AM THURSDAY.

&&

$$

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