Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Chicago, IL

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FXUS63 KLOT 262040
AFDLOT

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Chicago/Romeoville, IL
340 PM CDT FRI AUG 26 2016

.SHORT TERM...
300 PM CDT

Through Saturday...

An air mass we have become quite familiar with this mid-late
summer...one of high moisture and modest to high
instability...will return late tonight into Saturday bringing with
it thunderstorm and heavy rainfall potential. This pattern is
unfortunately somewhat messy, which makes it challenging for
specific storm timing/coverage, especially into the day Saturday.

A surface warm front is draped from west to east across the mid-
section of Illinois this afternoon and will begin to accelerate
northward through tonight in response to a short wave lifting
northeast from the Central Plains. Gradual moist advection amid
broad scale ascent north of the warm front should result in
isolated showers developing this evening over northern Illinois.
As a 30 kt low- level jet develops into eastern Iowa, convection
should blossom to the immediate west of the CWA. While some of the
moisture transport nose will be pointed into northern Illinois, it
is somewhat uncertain how quickly storms will move into the area.
The greater deep layer moisture convergence and short wave-induced
lift is late tonight into the early morning hours Saturday.
Continue the highest PoPs during that time frame. Convective
allowing models show a plethora of solutions, not surprising given
this type of air mass, but an ensemble approach such as from the
SSEO favors late tonight especially in north central and far
northeast Illinois.

Increasing shear tonight will support some storm organization, but
the threat for any severe storms remains small. Precipitable
waters near two inches and deep warm cloud depths as observed on
the morning ILX sounding will expand over the area and once
again support very efficient rainfall rates in any of the
overnight and Saturday activity. The collaborative thoughts are
the highest QPF will be over north central Illinois tonight with
some locations possibly realizing around two inches or higher
depending on duration. The greater moisture convergence is just to
our west, but will be something to monitor, and confidence is not
enough at this time for any type of flood watch.

For Saturday, much will depend on influence of early morning
activity. Do expect there to be a high amount of morning cloud
cover along/behind the warm front lifting northward. As the warm
sector expands in there should be a decent amount of afternoon
destabilization. Some confluence/focus is noted in the model low-
level wind fields, but again tough to say where exactly that may
end up due to influence of morning rain. Maintain a chance of
afternoon storms, with a little higher noted central/eastern CWA.
The deep layer shear/instability would certainly be enough to
support some severe storms with any afternoon development, as well
as locally very heavy rainfall.

MTF

&&

.LONG TERM...
330 PM CDT

Saturday night through Friday...

Chances for showers and thunderstorms continue from late in the
weekend into early next week, while a moist and unstable airmass
remains in place. Potential exits for thunderstorm development to
continue Saturday night, however, not overly confident of this
potential. Guidance continues to be all over the place with QPF
development, and am not completely sold on anyone solution.
Although I do think there is a chance, think it will be tied with
whatever occurs in the afternoon. With this lingering potential,
did leave chance pops in the evening but lower after midnight with
the general focus remaining away from the area. Low confidence
with intensity of any thunderstorm development as well, but do
think some more robust development will be possible if anything
does develop.

A period of height rises aloft will occur on Sunday, while a
fairly warm, moist, and unstable airmass remains in place. At this
time, there does not appear to be any real focus for thunderstorm
development but guidance continues to advertise this possibility.
Can`t really argue with at least scattered thunderstorms by midday
into Sunday afternoon as instability increases in this moist
environment. Flow aloft will be rather weak and am not expecting
any widespread severe threat. However, can`t rule out an isolated
strong to severe storm. Heavy rainfall threat will continue with
high PWATs expected to still be in place and with the potential
for slow movement of any development, some risk of flooding will
also be present. Do think temps will have a chance to rise before
these scattered storms and so did increase temps by a degree or
two in most locations. With high dewpoints still in place,
humid/muggy conditions will continue. Similar conditions/setup
appears likely on Monday, with almost mirroring high temps and
pops/weather. Although with a better potential for some weak
energy to traverse the region, did increase pops slightly more on
Monday.

Rodriguez

&&

.AVIATION...
For the 18Z TAFs...

The challenges with the Chicago area TAFs are timing/duration of
showers and possible storms tonight into Saturday as we return
into a moist and unstable air mass.

High pressure across Minnesota through far northern Illinois will
continue a light northeast to east wind this afternoon with a
potential lake breeze push offering 8-10 kt easterly winds at ORD
and MDW.

Warm and moist advection aloft will steadily increase tonight,
with northward-moving isolated/scattered light showers expected
to develop over northern Illinois this evening. The more
pronounced focus for showers...as well as some storms...will
arrive overnight into the early morning hours Saturday as a
weather disturbance lifts northeast into Wisconsin. The confidence
in showers reaching the Chicago airports has grown, as well as the
idea of isolated/scattered TSRA in the northern Illinois region.
Confidence in duration of precip is fairly low, as it could be
just an hour or possibly three or four hours. RFD is the most
likely area to see TSRA nearby, as well as IFR conditions during
storms.

In the wake of the warm front lifting northward Saturday morning,
MVFR clouds should linger with medium-high confidence, and cannot
rule out IFR clouds. Even some light fog may be present depending
on how quickly rain ends relative to daybreak. The chance for
scattered storms will return Saturday afternoon as the moist and
unstable warm sector spreads over the region.

MTF

&&

.MARINE...
333 PM CDT

High pressure overhead this afternoon allowing for some lighter
winds over the lake, but expect the center of this high to shift
to the east tonight into Saturday. System moving through the
region will allow the winds to become more organized out of the
east tonight, and then southeast to south Saturday. Winds will
then continue to shift more southwest Saturday night, before
becoming light/variable once again on Sunday/early next week.

Rodriguez

&&

.LOT WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
IL...NONE.
IN...NONE.
LM...NONE.
&&

$$

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