Drought Information Statement
Issued by NWS Elko, NV

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DROUGHT INFORMATION STATEMENT
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE RENO NV
515 PM PST FRI FEBRUARY 21 2014

...DROUGHT STATEMENT FOR NEVADA AND EASTERN CALIFORNIA...

...SEVERE TO EXCEPTIONAL DROUGHT CONDITIONS IN MOST OF NEVADA AND
EASTERN CALIFORNIA...

1/ NEVADA AND EASTERN CALIFORNIA DROUGHT DISASTER DESIGNATIONS...AS
OF FEBRUARY 2 2014...ALL COUNTIES IN NEVADA AND ALL CALIFORNIA
COUNTIES ALONG THE NEVADA BORDER WERE DESIGNATED AS PRIMARY NATURAL
DROUGHT DISASTER AREAS BY THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
/USDA/.

ON JANUARY 17 2014 GOV. JERRY BROWN OF CALIFORNIA PROCLAIMED A
DROUGHT EMERGENCY FOR THE ENTIRE STATE OF CALIFORNIA. THIS WILL
ALLOW THE STATE TO SEEK FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE AND OTHER RELATED HELP
FROM THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT. THE PROCLAMATION ALSO ALLOWS THE STATE
TO REQUEST A BROAD EMERGENCY DECLARATION FROM PRESIDENT OBAMA. AN
EMERGENCY DECLARATION WOULD PROVIDE FOR ADDITIONAL ASSISTANCE FROM
THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT.

SEE WWW.USDA.GOV/DROUGHT /IN LOWER CASE/ FOR MORE INFORMATION ON
DROUGHT DISASTER DECLARATIONS AND ASSISTANCE.

2/ CURRENT DROUGHT INTENSITY IN NEVADA AND EASTERN CALIFORNIA...
THE U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR /DROUGHTMONITOR.UNL.EDU/ IS UPDATED WEEKLY
BY THE NATIONAL DROUGHT MITIGATION CENTER. IT IS A SYNTHESIS OF
MULTIPLE DROUGHT INDICES AND IMPACTS THAT REPRESENTS A CONSENSUS OF
SCIENTISTS IN MANY FEDERAL...STATE AND LOCAL AGENCIES...AS WELL AS
THOSE IN PRIVATE INDUSTRY.

THE DROUGHT MONITOR IS USED BY THE USDA TO DETERMINE DROUGHT
SEVERITY...TO DECLARE DROUGHT DISASTER AND IS THE MECHANISM USED TO
PROVIDE AID TO THE AGRICULTURAL COMMUNITY. IT IS ALSO THE PRIMARY
TOOL USED BY THE NEVADA DEPARTMENTS OF EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AND
WATER RESOURCES TO RESPOND TO AND PROVIDE ASSISTANCE FOR DROUGHT AND
MITIGATE DROUGHT IMPACTS THROUGH ITS DROUGHT RESPONSE PLAN.

AS OF FEBRUARY 20 2014...THE U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR CLASSIFIED
MOST OF NEVADA AND CALIFORNIA AS IN SEVERE DROUGHT /LEVEL 2 OF 4
LEVELS OF DROUGHT/ OR GREATER. THE AREA HARDEST HIT BY THE CURRENT
DROUGHT REMAINS NORTH CENTRAL...NORTHWEST AND WESTERN NEVADA AND
CENTRAL AND NORTHEAST CALIFORNIA WHERE DROUGHT SEVERITY RANGES FROM
EXTREME /LEVEL 3/ TO EXCEPTIONAL /LEVEL 4/.

THIS AREA OF EXTREME TO EXCEPTIONAL DROUGHT IN NEVADA INCLUDED ALL
OR PORTIONS OF THE FOLLOWING COUNTIES...

CARSON CITY...CHURCHILL...DOUGLAS...ELKO...EUREKA...HUMBOLDT...
LANDER...LYON...MINERAL...NYE...PERSHING...STOREY AND WASHOE.

THE HARDEST HIT AREAS OF DROUGHT...WHERE IT IS CLASSIFIED AS
EXCEPTIONAL...ARE SOUTHEAST PERSHING...CENTRAL CHURCHILL AND WESTERN
LANDER COUNTIES.

THE AREAS LEAST AFFECTED BY DROUGHT IN NEVADA INCLUDED SOUTHEAST
ELKO...EASTERN WHITE PINE...CENTRAL LINCOLN...AND CENTRAL NYE
COUNTIES...WHICH WERE CLASSIFIED AS IN MODERATE DROUGHT /DROUGHT
LEVEL 1/...WHILE CLARK COUNTY WAS LEAST DRY...RANGING FROM
ABNORMALLY DRY TO MODERATE DROUGHT.

DROUGHT SEVERITY WAS CLASSIFIED AS EXTREME FOR ALL CALIFORNIA
COUNTIES BORDERING NEVADA FROM MODOC SOUTH TO WESTERN INYO. ALONG
THE SIERRA CREST NEAR THE LAKE TAHOE BASIN PRECIPITATION IN EARLY
FEBRUARY WAS SUFFICIENT TO LOWER THE DROUGHT CLASSIFICATION TO
SEVERE. EASTERN INYO AND A SMALL PART OF SOUTHEAST MONO COUNTY WERE
CLASSIFIED AS SEVERE DROUGHT. MUCH OF SAN BERNARDINO COUNTY WAS
CLASSIFIED AS SEVERE DROUGHT...WITH THE EXCEPTION OF THE EXTREME
EASTERN PORTION OF THE COUNTY...WHICH WAS CLASSIFIED AS EITHER
ABNORMALLY DRY OR HAD NO DROUGHT CLASSIFICATION.

3/ SYNOPSIS...
NEAR RECORD TO RECORD DRYNESS CONTINUES HAS PREVAILED OVER MUCH
OF CALIFORNIA AND NEVADA SINCE JANUARY 2013. OVER THE LAST 12
MONTHS...SINCE FEBRUARY 2013...PRECIPITATION HAS BEEN BELOW NORMAL
/LESS THAN 75 PERCENT OF AVERAGE/ TO MUCH BELOW NORMAL /LESS THAN 60
PERCENT/ SINCE JANUARY IN MUCH OF NEVADA AND EASTERN CALIFORNIA. THE
EXCEPTIONS ARE PARTS OF FAR EASTERN NEVADA WHERE PRECIPITATION HAS
BEEN NORMAL TO AROUND 75 PERCENT OF AVERAGE.

/SEE:HTTP://WWW.WRCC.DRI.EDU/WWDT/ARCHIVE.PHP?FOLDER=PON6PER/

THE DRIEST AREAS...THOSE THAT HAVE HAD LESS THAN 45 PERCENT OF
NORMAL PRECIPITATION SINCE FEBRUARY...INCLUDE WESTERN LASSEN...
PLUMAS...SIERRA...NEVADA...PLACER...EL DORADO...ALPINE...MONO...
WESTERN INYO AND FAR WESTERN SAN BERNARDINO IN CALIFORNIA.  IN
NEVADA THEY INCLUDE PORTIONS OF SOUTHERN WASHOE...SOUTHERN
PERSHING...NORTHERN CHURCHILL...FAR WESTERN LANDER...STOREY...CARSON
CITY...DOUGLAS...SOUTHERN AND WESTERN LYON...WESTERN MINERAL AND FAR
NORTHWEST ESMERALDA COUNTIES.

THE EXCEPTIONS...AREAS WHICH HAVE HAD NEAR TO SLIGHTLY ABOVE NORMAL
PRECIPITATION SINCE FEBRUARY 2013...INCLUDED THOSE AREAS WHICH HAD A
FAIRLY ABUNDANT SUMMER MONSOON. THESE INCLUDED PORTIONS OF NORTHERN
AND SOUTHEAST NYE...EXTREME EASTERN ELKO...CENTRAL AND EASTERN WHITE
PINE...SOUTHWEST LINCOLN...FAR EASTERN EUREKA AND NORTHERN AND
CENTRAL CLARK IN NEVADA...AND EXTREME EASTERN SAN BERNARDINO COUNTY
CALIFORNIA ALONG THE COLORADO RIVER.

AS A CONSEQUENCE...WATER SUPPLIES LAST SUMMER IN AREAS OF NEVADA AND
EASTERN CALIFORNIA WHICH DID NOT HAVE ADEQUATE RESERVOIR STORAGE OR
CHARGED GROUNDWATER AQUIFERS...FACED VARYING DEGREES OF SHORTAGES.
WATER SUPPLIES WERE ADEQUATE IN URBAN AND SUBURBAN AREAS OF NEVADA
AND EASTERN CALIFORNIA...ALTHOUGH NORMAL WATERING RESTRICTIONS WERE
IN FORCE.

THE FARMING AND RANCHING COMMUNITIES OF THE REGION FELT THE BRUNT OF
THESE SHORTAGES. ANOTHER IMPACT OF THE CURRENT DROUGHT IN THE REGION
WAS HIGH FIRE DANGER DURING THE SUMMER MONTHS WHICH LED TO SOME
DISASTROUS FIRES SUCH AS THE BISON FIRE IN THE PINE NUT MOUNTAINS OF
DOUGLAS AND LYON COUNTY. FIRE DANGER DECREASED THIS PAST FALL...BUT
VERY DRY CONDITIONS AND BELOW AVERAGE SNOW COVER COULD PRODUCE
INCREASED FIRE DANGER ACROSS THE REGION AS WE MOVE INTO THE SPRING
AND EARLY SUMMER. THE DROUGHT HAS ALSO CAUSED SERIOUS IMPACTS TO WILDLIFE
AND VEGETATION.

4/ DROUGHT IMPACTS...
ALL WATER INTERESTS IN NEVADA AND EASTERN CALIFORNIA CONTINUE TO
HOPE THAT THE WINTER OF 2013-2014 WILL BRING ABUNDANT PRECIPITATION
AND MOUNTAIN SNOW SO THAT GOOD WATER SUPPLY FOR NEXT SUMMER IS
AVAILABLE.

HOWEVER...THE FOLLOWING IMPACTS OCCURRED IN PORTIONS OF NEVADA AND
EASTERN CALIFORNIA LAST SUMMER AND FALL DUE TO DROUGHT CONDITIONS...

A/ RANCHING...
MANY RANCHERS IN NEVADA AND EASTERN CALIFORNIA HAVE STRUGGLED TO
PROVIDE CATTLE WITH WATER...FEED AND OTHER NUTRIENTS. SOME HAULED
WATER AND FEED TO LIVESTOCK AS THEY WERE NOT AVAILABLE FROM NATURAL
SOURCES IN MANY AREAS. AS SURFACE WATER SOURCES
DISAPPEARED...SIGNIFICANT WATER SHORTAGES OCCURRED IN SOME AREAS.
SOME RANCHERS DECREASED HERD SIZE DUE TO THESE DROUGHT CONDITIONS.
THERE IS INTENSE COMPETITION BETWEEN WILDLIFE AND LIVESTOCK FOR
WATER IN SOME AREAS. A FEW RANCHERS IN THE HARDEST IMPACTED AREAS OF
CENTRAL NEVADA HAVE DECIDED TO SELL THEIR RANCHES DUE TO SEVERE
ECONOMIC LOSSES.

THE U.S. BUREAU OF LAND MANAGEMENT /BLM/ IN NEVADA CONTINUALLY
ASSESSES THE HEALTH OF RANGELANDS TO DETERMINE THE OPTIMUM NUMBER OF
LIVESTOCK THAT THE RANGE CAN HANDLE. DUE TO THE CURRENT
DROUGHT...MOST RANCHERS THAT HAVE BLM GRAZING PERMITS IN NORTHERN
NEVADA HAVE TAKEN VOLUNTARY REDUCTIONS IN THE NUMBER OF CATTLE THEY
ARE GRAZING ON BLM RANGELANDS.

A NEVADA STATE LEGISLATIVE BILL /SB 134/ TO ALLOW NEVADA LIVESTOCK
OWNERS IN DROUGHT STRICKEN AREAS EMERGENCY ACCESS TO WATER WAS
PASSED BY THE NEVADA SENATE AND SIGNED INTO LAW BY THE GOVERNOR IN
MAY. IT CREATES AN EMERGENCY WATER PERMITTING PROCESS WHICH IS
AVAILABLE WHEN STATE OR FEDERAL OFFICIALS DECLARE A DROUGHT
EMERGENCY. RANCHERS SHOULD CONTACT THE NEVADA DEPARTMENT OF WATER
RESOURCES FOR MORE INFORMATION AT HTTP://WATER.NV.GOV/ OR BY PHONE
AT 775-684-2800.

DUE TO THE DROUGHT DISASTER DESIGNATION THROUGHOUT ALL COUNTIES IN
THE REGION...RANCHERS MAY BE ABLE TO OBTAIN VARIOUS FINANCIAL AND
TAX RELIEF THROUGH USDA. SEE THE USDA FARM SERVICES AGENCY WEBSITE
FOR DETAILS /WWW.FSA.USDA.GOV.

B/ AGRICULTURE...
FARMERS DID NOT RECEIVE A FULL ALLOCATION OF WATER LAST SUMMER.
FARMERS IN SOME AREAS WITHOUT ADEQUATE UPSTREAM RESERVOIR STORAGE
HAD SEVERE RESTRICTIONS IN WATER ALLOCATIONS. THIS CUT LED TO
DRASTIC REDUCTIONS IN CROP YIELDS AND RESULTING LOSS OF INCOME. SOME
FARMERS CHOSE NOT TO PLANT CROPS THIS OR NEXT SEASON.

HUMBOLDT RIVER BASIN...
THE NEVADA DIVISION OF WATER RESOURCES IN ELKO NEVADA REPORTED THAT
MOST IRRIGATORS ALONG THE HUMBOLDT RIVER ABOVE RYE PATCH RESERVOIR
WERE NOT SERVED ANY WATER DURING THE 2012 OR 2013 IRRIGATION
SEASONS. ABOVE RYE PATCH...THE HIGHEST WATER RIGHT PRIORITY THAT WAS
SERVED THIS YEAR WAS 1872...BUT EVEN SOME OF THESE HIGH PRIORITY
RIGHTS WERE NOT SERVED DUE TO VERY LOW FLOWS ON THE HUMBOLDT RIVER.

IRRIGATORS ON THE HUMBOLDT RIVER BELOW RYE PATCH DAM IN PERSHING
COUNTY RECEIVED ONLY 8 PERCENT OF THEIR NORMAL ALLOTMENT THIS
SEASON.

THE FIVE COUNTIES OF THE HUMBOLDT RIVER WATER AUTHORITY
/HUMBOLDT...ELKO...EUREKA...LANDER AND PERSHING/ HAVE REINFORCED THE
STATE OF NEVADA ACTION DECLARING A DROUGHT RESOLUTION THAT WOULD
ENCOURAGE NEVADA AND FEDERAL AGENCIES TO COORDINATE TO BEST HANDLE
DROUGHT IMPACTS IN THE HARD HIT AREAS.

IN DIAMOND VALLEY OF EUREKA COUNTY THERE HAVE BEEN NOTICEABLE
DECREASES IN GROUND WATER LEVELS AS RECHARGE IS NOT OCCURRING...
AFFECTING SURFACE WATER AND SPRINGS.

WALKER RIVER BASIN...
DUE TO BELOW NORMAL PRECIPITATION ON THE WALKER BASIN...EAST WALKER
RIVER IRRIGATORS RECEIVED 23 PERCENT OF THEIR NORMAL ALLOTMENT
DURING THE SUMMER OF 2013. ON THE WEST WALKER THEY RECEIVED 9
PERCENT OF NORMAL...AND ON THE MAINSTEM WALKER THEY RECEIVED A
COMBINATION OF THE TWO...OR ABOUT 12 PERCENT.

CARSON RIVER BASIN...
THE UPPER CARSON RIVER BASIN...ABOVE LAHONTAN DAM...HAD VERY LOW
FLOWS THIS PAST SEASON. MOST IRRIGATORS ONLY HAD WATER AVAILABLE
DURING SPRING RUNOFF...WHICH HAD ENDED BY EARLY JULY. FLOWS ON THE
EAST FORK CARSON RIVER FELL BELOW 100 CFS ON JULY 10TH.

BELOW LAHONTAN RESERVOIR...TRUCKEE CARSON IRRIGATION DISTRICT /TCID/
PROVIDED IRRIGATORS WITH ABOUT 75 PERCENT OF THEIR NORMAL ALLOTMENT
THIS YEAR. DELIVERIES TO MOST OF THE TCID AREA ENDED ON SEPTEMBER
10. THE END OF IRRIGATION SEASON AND DIVERSIONS FROM THE TRUCKEE
RIVER HAVE ALLOWED STORAGE TO SLOWLY INCREASE IN LAHONTAN RESERVOIR.

SOME AREAS BELOW LAHONTAN WERE NOT IN PRODUCTION THIS YEAR...AND
GRAZING IN THE AREA WAS IN RELATIVELY POOR SHAPE. TCID STATED THAT
AGRICULTURAL LOSSES IN THE AREA THIS YEAR WERE SUBSTANTIAL.
MUNICIPAL WATER SUPPLY FOR FALLON WAS GOOD.

TRUCKEE RIVER BASIN...
NO RESTRICTIONS WERE IN PLACE FOR IRRIGATORS OR ANY OTHER USES ON
THE MAINSTEM TRUCKEE RIVER THIS YEAR...OTHER THAN NORMAL URBAN
WATERING RESTRICTIONS.

HOWEVER...IRRIGATORS WHICH RELIED ON FLOWS ON TRUCKEE RIVER
TRIBUTARIES WITHOUT RESERVOIR STORAGE...SUCH AS ON THE STEAMBOAT
CREEK-WASHOE LAKE BASIN...ONLY HAD WATER AVAILABLE FOR A SHORT
PERIOD DURING SPRING RUNOFF...WHICH ENDED IN LATE JUNE.

DUE TO THE DROUGHT DISASTER DESIGNATION THROUGHOUT ALL COUNTIES IN
THE REGION...FARMERS MAY BE ABLE TO OBTAIN VARIOUS FINANCIAL AND TAX
RELIEF THROUGH USDA.  SEE THE USDA FARM SERVICES AGENCY WEBSITE FOR
DETAILS /WWW.FSA.USDA.GOV.

FARMERS AND RANCHERS IN CALIFORNIA HAVE BEEN OFFERED 20 MILLION
DOLLARS IN AID BY THE USDA FOR WATER CONSERVATION PROJECTS. THESE
INCLUDE SUCH PROJECTS AS UPDATING IRRIGATION METHODS...PREVENTING
EROSION FROM UNPLANTED FIELDS AND FIGURING OUT BETTER METHODS TO
WATER LIVESTOCK. FARMERS WHO RECEIVE LESS THAN 15 PERCENT OF THEIR
WATER ALLOCATIONS WILL BE GIVEN PRIORITY. FROM SACRAMENTO BEE, FEB
15, 2014.

C/ FIRE DANGER...
FIRE DANGER WAS VERY HIGH TO EXTREME IN MOST OF NEVADA AND EASTERN
CALIFORNIA DURING THE SUMMER OF 2013. HOWEVER...MONSOONAL RAINS IN
MUCH OF THE REGION IN AUGUST AND SEPTEMBER...AS WELL AS MUCH COOLER
WEATHER IN OCTOBER AND NOVEMBER...DECREASED FIRE DANGER
SIGNIFICANTLY DURING THE FALL. EARLY FEBRUARY PRECIPITATION ALSO
IMPROVED FIRE DANGER OVER NORTHERN CALIFORNIA AND NORTHERN
NEVADA...BUT A LACK OF WINTER RAIN HAS SEEN FIRE DANGER BEGIN TO
INCREASE ACROSS SOUTHERN NEVADA AND SOUTHEAST CALIFORNIA. AS OF
FEBRUARY 19 2014 FIRE DANGER WAS RATED AS VERY HIGH TO EXTREME FROM
EASTERN SAN BERNARDINO COUNTY NORTH AND EAST INTO INYO...CLARK...
LINCOLN AND NYE COUNTIES. FIRE DANGER WAS RATED HIGH IN SOUTHEAST
MONO COUNTY AND SMALL PART OF ESMERALDA COUNTY. ELSEWHERE FIRE
DANGER WAS RATED AS LOW TO MODERATE.

FIRE DANGER CLASSIFICATION IS UPDATED DAILY.
SEE HTTP://WWW.WFAS.NET/IMAGES/FIREDANGER/FD_CLASS.PNG FOR CURRENT
CONDITIONS.

AS OF FEBRUARY 1...THE NIFC FIRE POTENTIAL FORECAST FOR THE REGION
WAS NORMAL THROUGH MAY FOR ALL BUT THE WESTERN PORTIONS OF MONO AND
INYO COUNTIES WHERE IT WAS RATED AS ABOVE NORMAL.

SEE U.S. FOREST SERVICE WILDLAND FIRE ASSESSMENT SYSTEM WEBSITE FOR
DETAILS... HTTP://WWW.PREDICTIVESERVICES.NIFC.GOV/OUTLOOKS/MONTHLY_
SEASONAL_OUTLOOK.PDF.

D/ FISHERIES...
LOW FLOWS AND HIGH WATER TEMPERATURES IN AREA RIVERS AND STREAMS
DURING THE SUMMER OF 2013 CAUSED SIGNIFICANT IMPACTS TO FISH AND
OTHER AQUATIC SPECIES...ESPECIALLY COLD WATER SPECIES.

NEVADA DIVISION OF FISH AND WILDLIFE REPORTED HIGH IMPACTS TO FISH
IN LAHONTAN...RYE PATCH...AND OTHER RESERVOIRS THAT ARE SEVERELY
DRAWN DOWN. THE CARSON...WALKER...HUMBOLDT AND SEVERAL OTHER RIVERS
AND STREAMS THROUGHOUT THE REGION HAVE ALSO BEEN IMPACTED. BUT...AS
COOL WEATHER RETURNS...FLOWS INCREASE SLIGHTLY AND ALGAE DECREASES...
FISHING SHOULD CONTINUE TO IMPROVE OVER THE NEXT MONTH.

DROUGHT CONDITIONS WILL PROMPT THE NEVADA DIVISION OF FISH AND
WILDLIFE TO BEGIN STOCKING RIVERS...STREAMS AND LAKES IN WESTERN
NEVADA EARLIER THAN IT HAS IN THE LAST 20 YEARS BEFORE THESE WATER
BODIES BECOME TOO DEPLETED. THE STOCKING OF RAINBOW TROUT WILL BEGIN
ON THE TRUCKEE RIVER AS EARLY AS FEB 20...FOUR WEEKS EARLY. TOPAZ...
SPOONER AND MARLETTE LAKES...URBAN PONDS AROUND RENO...CARSON CITY
AND GARDNERVILLE AND IN PARTS OF NORTHERN WASHOE COUNTY...WALL
CANYON AND BOULDER RESERVOIRS WILL RECEIVE FISH EARLY THIS YEAR.
WARM WATER FISH LIKE CATFISH...BASS AND WALLEYE ARE NOT EXPECTED TO
SURVIVE AT RYE PATCH AND LAHONTAN RESERVOIRS WHERE WATER LEVELS ARE
LOW. FROM RENO GAZETTE-JOURNAL, NV, FEB 12, 2014.

SEE THE NEVADA DEPARTMENT OF WILDLIFE WEBSITE /HTTP://WWW.NDOW.ORG/
FOR FISHING CONDITION INFORMATION IN NEVADA.  FOR CALIFORNIA FISHING
INFORMATION...SEE THE CALIFORNIA DEPARTMENT OF FISH AND WILDLIFE
WEBSITE /HTTP://WWW.DFG.CA.GOV/

E/ VEGETATION AND WILDLIFE...
IN FORESTED AREAS...DROUGHT HAS CAUSED TREES TO BECOME SUSCEPTIBLE
TO INSECT INFESTATIONS WHICH COULD INCREASE MORTALITY AND FIRE
DANGER. LESS VEGETATION AND WATER MAY STRESS WILDLIFE CAUSING
DEHYDRATION...HUNGER...ILLNESS AND DEATH.

BEAR ACTIVITY INCREASED EARLY THIS PAST FALL FROM LAKE TAHOE
SOUTHEAST TO TOPAZ LAKE AND INTO THE FOOTHILLS OF THE EASTERN SIERRA
NEAR RENO AND CARSON CITY AS THE BEARS TRIED TO FATTEN UP BEFORE
WINTER HIBERNATION. BEARS ENCROACHED INTO RESIDENTIAL AREAS MORE
THAN USUAL THIS PAST YEAR TO FEAST ON GARBAGE AND OTHER
HUMAN-RELATED FOOD SOURCES BECAUSE DROUGHT DECIMATED THE BEARS USUAL
FOODS. /FROM RENO GAZETTE-JOURNAL NV...SEPT. 26, 2013./ ALSO...BEARS
WERE CAUGHT...TRANQUILIZED AND RELOCATED IN AN AROUND CARSON ON
OCTOBER 19...20 AND 25. NEVADA STATE BIOLOGISTS STATE THIS MAY TURN
OUT TO BE ONE OF THE MOST ACTIVE YEARS ON RECORD FOR NUISANCE BLACK
BEAR CALLS. /FROM RENO GAZETTE-JOURNAL...OCT. 28, 2013./

WARMER WEATHER IN THE SIERRA EARLIER IN THE YEAR HAVE PROMPTED SOME
BEARS TO EMERGE FROM HIBERNATION EARLY...BUT THE DROUGHT HAS LIMITED
THEIR NATURAL FOOD SOURCES. THERE IS A CONCERN THIS WOULD LEAD BEARS
TO SEARCH OUT TRASH AND OTHER RESIDENTIAL SOURCES OF FOOD. FROM
CBS13, SACRAMENTO, CA, JAN 21, 2014.

DROUGHT PROMPTED THE U.S. BLM TO REMOVE SOME WILD HORSES IN ELKO AND
WHITE PINE COUNTIES IN NEVADA DUE TO INADEQUATE FORAGE AND WATER
SUPPLIES. BLM WAS PROVIDING SUPPLEMENTAL WATER AND FOOD FOR WILD
HORSES...REDUCING GRAZING AND ENACTING FIRE RESTRICTIONS. BLM HAD
BEEN TRUCKING 5000 GALLONS OF WATER PER DAY...FIVE DAYS A WEEK TO
FOUR SEPARATE LOCATIONS THROUGHOUT THE WINNEMUCCA DISTRICT AT A COST
OF $1000 PER DAY.

F/ GROUND WATER...
HIGH EMPHASIS WAS PLACED ON GROUND WATER SUPPLIES IN SOME AREAS AS
SURFACE WATER DWINDLED OVER THE SUMMER OF 2013...CAUSING
INCREASED GROUND WATER PUMPING. WATER TABLES DECLINED IN SOME
AREAS...AND SOME WELLS WERE IMPACTED AND WILL NEED TO BE DEEPENED.
HOWEVER...WITH COOLER WEATHER AND THE END OF THE GROWING AND
IRRIGATION SEASON...WATER TABLES WILL HAVE A CHANCE TO RECOVER.

G/ URBAN AREA DROUGHT IMPACTS...
RENO/SPARKS...
THE TRUCKEE MEADOWS WATER AUTHORITY /TMWA/ SERVING THE RENO AND
SPARKS NV AREA...HAD SURFACE AND GROUND WATER RESOURCES AVAILABLE TO
MEET ALL CONSUMER DEMANDS LAST SUMMER. THEY CONTINUED TO ENFORCE
THEIR OUTDOOR WATERING SCHEDULE AS IN PAST YEARS THIS SUMMER...
THOUGH THESE RESTRICTIONS WERE EASED AFTER LABOR DAY AS RESIDENTIAL
WATERING NEEDS LESSEN. SEE WWW.TMH2O.COM/CONSERVATION FOR DETAILS.

LAS VEGAS...
THE SOUTHERN NEVADA WATER AUTHORITY /SNWA/ AND THE LAS VEGAS VALLEY
WATER DISTRICT /LVVWD/ ADOPTED MANDATORY CONSERVATION MEASURES THIS
SUMMER...THOUGH THESE RESTRICTIONS WERE EASED AFTER OCTOBER 1. AFTER
NOVEMBER 1 BOTH SNWA AND LVVWD HAD PUT IN PLACE THEIR WINTER
WATERING RESTRICTIONS...LIMITING LANDSCAPE IRRIGATION TO ONE DAY PER
WEEK. THESE RESTRICTIONS WILL REMAIN IN PLACE THROUGH FEBRUARY 28.
SNWA AND LVVWD HAD ADEQUATE SURFACE AND GROUND WATER RESOURCES TO
MEET ALL CONSUMER DEMANDS THIS PAST SUMMER. SEE WWW.SNWA.COM OR
WWW.LVVWD.COM FOR DETAILS.

SNWA APPROVED A PROJECT TO EXTEND THE LIFE OF AN OLD SHALLOW INTAKE
PIPE AND PUMPING STATION THAT THE LAS VEGAS COMMUNITY NOW USES TO
DRAW ABOUT 90 PERCENT OF ITS DRINKING WATER SUPPLY FROM LAKE MEAD.
OFFICIALS DECLARED THE PROJECT TO BE AN EMERGENCY IN SEPTEMBER
BECAUSE THE U.S. BUREAU OF RECLAMATION ANNOUNCED IN AUGUST THAT THE
INFLOW TO LAKE MEAD IN 2014 WILL BE THE SMALLEST ANNUAL WATER
DELIVERY IN THE LAKE`S HISTORY. FROM LAS VEGAS REVIEW-JOURNAL NV.
SEPT. 26, 2013.

THE EMERGENCY DROUGHT DECLARATION MADE BY CALIFORNIA GOV JERRY BROWN
ON JAN 17, 2014 ALLOWS THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA TO TAKE MORE WATER
FROM LAKE MEAD. THIS COULD LEAD TO WATER RESTRICTIONS IN THE LAS
VEGAS VALLEY BY 2015. ONCE THE LAKE DROPS TO A LEVEL OF 1075 FEET
SNWA CAN DECLARE A WATER SHORTAGE. TO ALLEVIATE THE PROBLEM OF A
LOWER LAKE LEVEL...SNWA IS CONSTRUCTING A THIRD INTAKE PIPE THAT
SITS DEEPER IN LAKE MEAD. IF THIS INTAKE IS NOT COMPLETED PRIOR TO
THE FIRST INTAKE BECOMING OBSOLETE...OFFICIALS SAY SOUTHERN NEVADA
COULD FACE SIGNIFICANT PROBLEMS. POWER GENERATION COULD ALSO BE
AFFECTED BY THE LOWERING LAKE LEVEL. FROM KLAS, LAS VEGAS, NV, JAN
26, 2014.

H/ TOURISM AND RECREATION IMPACTS...
NUMEROUS SKI RESORTS IN THE LAKE TAHOE AREA HAVE REPORTED FEWER
SKIERS SO FAR THIS SEASON. TWO CROSS COUNTRY SKI AREAS HAVE BEEN
FORCED TO CLOSE DUE TO A LACK OF SNOW. RESORTS THAT HAVE SNOW MAKING
ABILITIES ARE REMAINING OPEN...BUT MANY HAVE FEWER RUNS THAN NORMAL
OPERATING. THE LACK OF VISITORS HAS PROMPTED SOME RESORTS TO BEGIN
LAYING OFF EMPLOYEES AS WELL. FROM SACRAMENTO BEE CA. JAN. 4, 2014

THE LACK OF SNOW HAS PROMPTED SOME VISITORS TO THE SIERRA TO DO MORE
NON-WINTER SPORTS ACTIVITIES SUCH AS MOUNTAIN BIKING...HIKING AND
SUNBATHING. THE LACK OF SNOW HAS DECREASED BUSINESS AT SOME AREA
EQUIPMENT RENTAL SHOPS BUT THE NEED FOR REPAIRS TO SKIS AND
SNOWBOARDS CAUSED BY HITTING ROCKS HAS BENEFITED LOCAL REPAIR SHOPS.
FROM LAS VEGAS SUN NV. JAN. 4, 2014.

LOWER WATER LEVELS ON LAKE TAHOE HAVE PROMPTED ONE TOUR BOAT
OPERATOR TO SUSPEND THE OPERATIONS OF ONE OF ITS TWO BOATS DUE TO
SHALLOW WATER IN ITS DOCKING AREA. THE COMPANY`S OTHER BOAT DOCKS AT
A DEEPER PORTION OF THE LAKE...BUT IT HAS HAD TO END TOURS OF
EMERALD BAY DUE TO SHALLOW WATERS AT THE ENTRANCE OF THE BAY. WHILE
THE DRY WEATHER AND LOWER LAKE LEVELS MAY BE LIMITING THE EXTENT OF
TOURS...THE TOUR BOAT OPERATOR REPORTS HIGH CAPACITY EACH DAY DUE TO
THE MILD CONDITIONS...AND RUNNING ONLY ONE OF TWO BOATS HAS REDUCED
LABOR COSTS. A SEPARATE TOUR COMPANY THAT USES A SMALLER BOAT CAN
STILL ENTER EMERALD BAY. FROM KTVN NEWS 2 RENO, NV. JAN. JAN 14,
2014.

SNOW IN THE EARLY PART OF FEBRUARY DID ALLEVIATE SOME CONCERNS IN
THE RECREATIONAL COMMUNITY AROUND LAKE TAHOE AS SKI RESORTS WERE
ABLE TO OPEN MORE RUNS. REPORTED BY NUMEROUS OUTLETS. MOST RECENTLY
REPORTED BY THE SAN FRANCISCO, CA, CHRONICLE, FEB 13, 2014.

5/ HYDROLOGIC CONDITIONS AS OF FEBRUARY 20 2014...

STREAMFLOW IS EXPECTED TO BE WELL BELOW AVERAGE LATE THIS WINTER AND
INTO SPRING REGION-WIDE DUE TO BELOW NORMAL WINTER PRECIPITATION AND
SNOWFALL.

A/ SUSAN RIVER...
ON FEBRUARY 20...FLOWS ON THE SUSAN RIVER AT SUSANVILLE WERE ABOUT
38 CUBIC FEET PER SECOND /CFS/...OR 31 PERCENT OF THE AVERAGE FLOW OF
122 CFS FOR THIS DATE.

B/ PIT RIVER...
ON FEBRUARY 20...FLOWS NEAR CANBY CALIFORNIA...WERE ABOUT 26
CFS...OR ABOUT 5 PERCENT OF THE AVERAGE FLOW OF 501 CFS FOR THIS
DATE.

C/ UPPER FEATHER RIVER...
ON FEBRUARY 20...FLOWS ON THE MIDDLE FORK FEATHER RIVER NEAR PORTOLA
WERE ABOUT 60 CFS OR 9 PERCENT OF THE 654 CFS AVERAGE FLOW FOR
THIS DATE.

D/ LAKE TAHOE AND TRUCKEE RIVER BASINS...
FEBRUARY 20 STORAGE ON LAKE TAHOE AND TRUCKEE BASIN RESERVOIRS WAS
AS FOLLOWS... /NOTE...AF IS ABBREVIATION FOR ACRE FEET/.

LAKE TAHOE.....122600 AF...16 PCT OF CAPACITY..32 PCT OF FEB 28 AVG.
PROSSER RSVR.... 9454 AF...33 PCT OF CAPACITY..96 PCT OF FEB 28 AVG.
STAMPEDE RSVR..111720 AF...49 PCT OF CAPACITY..75 PCT OF FEB 28 AVG.
BOCA RSVR....... 6756 AF...16 PCT OF CAPACITY..37 PCT OF FEB 28 AVG.

FEBRUARY 20 FLOWS AND PERCENT OF AVERAGE FOR THIS DATE ON THE
TRUCKEE RIVER WERE AS FOLLOWS... /NOTE...CFS IS ABBREVIATION FOR
CUBIC FEET PER SECOND/

TAHOE CITY... 69 CFS... 25 PCT OF  274 CFS AVERAGE
TRUCKEE...... 94 CFS... 31 PCT OF  301 CFS AVERAGE
FARAD........360 CFS... 55 PCT OF  658 CFS AVERAGE
RENO.........330 CFS... 47 PCT OF  709 CFS AVERAGE
VISTA........375 CFS... 42 PCT OF  894 CFS AVERAGE
WADSWORTH.... 94 CFS...  9 PCT OF 1060 CFS AVERAGE
NIXON........112 CFS... 14 PCT OF  828 CFS AVERAGE

STEAMBOAT CREEK...
FEBRUARY 20 FLOWS ON STEAMBOAT CREEK WERE AS FOLLOWS...

AT STEAMBOAT..........    3 CFS...12 PCT OF 25 CFS AVERAGE
AT RENO /SHORT LANE/..    7 CFS...64 PCT OF 11 CFS AVERAGE

E/ CARSON RIVER BASIN ABOVE LAHONTAN RESERVOIR...
FEBRUARY 20 FLOWS AND PERCENT OF AVERAGE FOR THIS DATE ON THE
CARSON RIVER ABOVE LAHONTAN RESERVOIR WERE AS FOLLOWS...

EAST FK CARSON NR MARKLEEVILLE........ 85 CFS.. 41 PCT OF 208 CFS AVG
EAST FK CARSON R NR GARDNERVILLE...... 93 CFS.. 39 PCT OF 243 CFS AVG
WEST FK CARSON R AT WOODFORDS......... 30 CFS.. 54 PCT OF  56 CFS AVG
CARSON RVR NR CARSON CITY.............122 CFS.. 26 PCT OF 472 CFS AVG
CARSON RVR NR FT CHURCHILL............142 CFS.. 31 PCT OF 465 CFS AVG

CARSON RIVER BELOW LAHONTAN RESERVOIR...
FEBRUARY 20 STORAGE ON LAHONTAN RESERVOIR WAS 68148 AF...23 PERCENT
OF CAPACITY...OR 40 PERCENT OF THE FEBRUARY 28 AVERAGE. RELEASE FROM
LAHONTAN WAS 2 CFS...2 PCT OF THE 125 CFS AVERAGE.

F/ WALKER RIVER BASIN...
AS OF FEBRUARY 20...STORAGE ON BRIDGEPORT RESERVOIR WAS 9060 ACRE
FEET...21 PERCENT OF CAPACITY...AND 36 PCT OF THE FEBRUARY 28
AVERAGE. STORAGE ON TOPAZ WAS 7070 AF...12 PCT OF CAPACITY...21 PCT
OF THE FEBRUARY 28 AVERAGE.

FEBRUARY 20 FLOWS AND PERCENT OF AVERAGE FOR THIS DATE ON THE WALKER
RIVER WERE AS FOLLOWS...

E WALKER RVR BLW BRIDGEPORT RSVR.  22 CFS.. 34 PCT OF  65 CFS AVG
W WALKER RVR ABV TOPAZ RSVR......  30 CFS.. 39 PCT OF  77 CFS AVG
W WALKER RVR BLW TOPAZ RSVR......  35 CFS.. 58 PCT OF  61 CFS AVG
WALKER RIVER NEAR MASON..........  70 CFS.. 52 PCT OF 134 CFS AVG
WALKER RVR NR WABUSKA............  24 CFS.. 17 PCT OF 144 CFS AVG
WALKER RVR BLW WEBER DAM NR SCHURZ  2 CFS... 2 PCT OF 100 CFS AVG

G/ HUMBOLDT RIVER BASIN...
IN EARLY FEBRUARY...STORAGE ON RYE PATCH RESERVOIR WAS 8300 ACRE
FEET...4 PERCENT OF CAPACITY...OR 10 PCT OF THE FEBRUARY 28 AVERAGE.

FEBRUARY 20 FLOWS AT VARIOUS POINTS ON THE HUMBOLDT RIVER BASIN WERE
AS FOLLOWS...

MARYS RVR NR DEETH.........  6 CFS... 15 PCT OF THE  40 CFS AVG
HUMBOLDT RVR NR CARLIN..... 40 CFS... 12 PCT OF THE 333 CFS AVG
HUMBOLDT RVR AT PALISADE...180 CFS... 52 PCT OF THE 347 CFS AVG
HUMBOLDT RVR AT BATTLE MTN 190 CFS... 62 PCT OF THE 305 CFS AVG
HUMBOLDT RVR AT COMUS......188 CFS... 64 PCT OF THE 296 CFS AVG
HUMBOLDT RVR AT IMLAY......  2 CFS...  1 PCT OF THE 196 CFS AVG
HUMBOLDT BLW RYE PATCH DAM.  1 CFS...  1 PCT OF THE  71 CFS AVG

H/ JARBIDGE RIVER...
ON FEBRUARY 20...FLOWS ON THE JARBIDGE RIVER AT JARBIDGE NEVADA
WERE 6 CFS...OR 74 PERCENT OF THE AVERAGE FLOW OF 8.1 CFS FOR THIS
DATE.

I/ OWYHEE RIVER...
ON FEBRUARY 20...STORAGE ON WILDHORSE RESERVOIR WAS 14040 AF...
20 PERCENT OF CAPACITY AND 41 PERCENT OF THE FEBRUARY 28 AVERAGE.

J/ SOUTHERN NEVADA...
FEBRUARY 19 STORAGE ON LAKE MEAD WAS 12511 THOUSAND AF...48 PERCENT
OF CAPACITY...AND 61 PERCENT OF THE FEBRUARY 28 AVERAGE.

ON FEBRUARY 20 THE FLOW ON THE COLORADO RIVER NEAR GRAND CANYON
ARIZONA ABOVE LAKE MEAD WAS 12000 CFS...113 PCT OF THE AVERAGE OF
10600 CFS FOR THIS DATE. THE FLOW ON THE VIRGIN RIVER ABOVE LAKE
MEAD NEAR OVERTON NEVADA WAS 150 CFS...80 PERCENT OF THE AVERAGE OF
188 CFS FOR THIS DATE.  THE MUDDY RIVER NEAR GLENDALE NEVADA WAS AT
40 CFS...77 PERCENT OF THE AVERAGE OF 52 CFS FOR THIS DATE.

6/ LONG RANGE WEATHER OUTLOOK FOR NEVADA AND EASTERN CALIFORNIA...
FROM THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER...

THE OUTLOOK FOR THE MONTHS OF MARCH THROUGH MAY IS FOR ABOVE TO
MUCH ABOVE NORMAL TEMPERATURES FOR ALL OF NEVADA AND EASTERN
CALIFORNIA. THE OUTLOOK ALSO CALLS FOR EQUAL CHANCES OF ABOVE...NEAR
AND BELOW NORMAL PRECIPITATION FOR MOST OF NEVADA AND FAR NORTHEAST
CALIFORNIA. FOR THE LAKE TAHOE AREA SOUTH THROUGH THE REMAINDER OF
EASTERN CALIFORNIA AND FAR WESTERN NEVADA AND SOUTHWEST NEVADA FROM
THE RENO/CARSON CITY AREA TO LAS VEGAS...BELOW NORMAL PRECIPITATION
IS EXPECTED.

NEXT ISSUANCE DATE...
THIS DROUGHT STATEMENT WILL BE UPDATED IN MID MARCH.

&&

RELATED WEB SITES...
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON CURRENT DROUGHT AND HYDROLOGIC CONDITIONS
MAY BE FOUND AT THE FOLLOWING WEB ADDRESSES /USE LOWER CASE LETTERS.

U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR.........................  DROUGHTMONITOR.UNL.EDU
NOAA DROUGHT PAGE...WHICH INCLUDES DROUGHT MONITOR......  DROUGHT.GOV
CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER.....................  WWW.CPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV

NWS ADVANCED HYDROLOGIC PREDICTION SERVICE...  WATER.WEATHER.GOV/AHPS
USGS HYDROLOGIC MONITORING.....................  WATERWATCH.USGS.GOV

NWS CALIFORNIA NEVADA RIVER FORECAST CENTER......  WWW.CNRFC.NOAA.GOV

NWS NORTHWEST RIVER FORECAST CENTER...........
WWW.NWRFC.NOAA.GOV/WS/

NWS COLORADO BASIN RIVER FORECAST CENTER........  WWW.CBRFC.NOAA.GOV/

NEVADA NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE...
WWW.NV.NRCS.USDA.GOV/SNOW/

NWS CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER LONG RANGE OUTLOOK MAPS...
WWW.CPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/PRODUCTS/FORECASTS/

NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE...
HTTP://WWW.NV.NRCS.USDA.GOV/SNOW/INDEX.HTML

CALIFORNIA DEPT. OF WATER RESOURCES............ CDEC.WATER.CA.GOV/
CALIFORNIA WATER CONDITIONS..... WWW.WATER.CA.GOV/WATERCONDITIONS/
ASSOCIATION OF CALIFORNIA WATER AGENCIES...........  WWW.ACWA.COM

NEVADA DIVISION OF WATER RESOURCES.................. WATER.NV.GOV/
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE RENO................... WEATHER.GOV/RENO
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE ELKO..................  WEATHER.GOV/ELKO
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE LAS VEGAS.........  WEATHER.GOV/LASVEGAS

TRUCKEE MEADOWS WATER AUTHORITY........................  TMWA.COM
SOUTHERN NEVADA WATER AUTHORITY........................  SNWA.COM
LAS VEGAS VALLEY WATER DISTRICT........................ LVVWD.COM

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE.........  WWW.USDA.GOV/DROUGHT U.S.
DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FARM SERVICES AGENCY... WWW.FSA.USDA.GOV

U.S. FOREST SERVICE WILDFIRE ASSESSMENT SYSTEM FIRE DANGER CLASS...
HTTP://WWW.WFAS.NET/IMAGES/FIREDANGER/FD_CLASS.PNG

NATIONAL SIGNIFICANT WILDLAND FIRE POTENTIAL OUTLOOK...
HTTP://WWW.PREDICTIVESERVICES.NIFC.GOV/OUTLOOKS/MONTHLY_
SEASONAL_OUTLOOK.PDF

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS...
THE DROUGHT MONITOR IS A SYNTHESIS OF MULTIPLE DROUGHT INDICES AND
IMPACTS THAT REPRESENTS A CONSENSUS OF SCIENTISTS IN MANY
FEDERAL...STATE AND LOCAL AGENCIES...AS WELL AS PRIVATE FIRMS.  THE
DROUGHT MONITOR IS USED NATIONWIDE BY THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF
AGRICULTURE TO DETERMINE DROUGHT SEVERITY...TO DECLARE DROUGHT AND
IS THE MECHANISM USED TO PROVIDE AID TO THE AGRICULTURAL COMMUNITY.

INFORMATION FOR THIS STATEMENT HAS BEEN GATHERED FROM NWS AND U.S.
GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OBSERVATION SITES...US BLM...CALIFORNIA AND NEVADA
DIVISIONS OF WATER RESOURCES AND STATE CLIMATOLOGISTS...NEVADA
DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE...PERSHING COUNTY WATER CONSERVATION
DISTRICT...WALKER RIVER IRRIGATION DISTRICT...WALKER RIVER PAIUTE
TRIBE...FEDERAL WATER MASTERS...TRUCKEE/CARSON IRRIGATION
DISTRICT...AND NWS OFFICES IN RENO...ELKO AND LAS VEGAS.

QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS...
IF YOU HAVE ANY QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS ABOUT THIS DROUGHT INFORMATION
STATEMENT PLEASE CONTACT...

NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE
2350 RAGGIO PKWY
RENO NV 89512
PHONE...775-673-8100
WEATHER.GOV/RENO
REV.WEBMASTER@NOAA.GOV






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