Drought Information Statement
Issued by NWS Sacramento, CA

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CAC003-005-007-009-011-017-021-033-035-057-061-063-067-077-089-091
-095-099-101-103-109-113-115-

DROUGHT INFORMATION STATEMENT
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE SACRAMENTO CA
900 PM PDT SUN JAN 31 2016

...DROUGHT STATE OF EMERGENCY CONTINUES FOR CALIFORNIA...

SYNOPSIS...
GOVERNOR BROWN DECLARED A DROUGHT STATE OF EMERGENCY FOR CALIFORNIA
ON JANUARY 17, 2014. ON APRIL 25, 2014 GOVERNOR BROWN ISSUED A
PROCLAMATION ON THE CONTINUATION OF THE DROUGHT EMERGENCY. THIS
EXECUTIVE ORDER STRENGTHENED THE STATE`S ABILITY TO MANAGE WATER AND
HABITAT EFFECTIVELY IN DROUGHT CONDITIONS AND CALLED FOR ALL
CALIFORNIANS TO REDOUBLE THEIR EFFORTS TO CONSERVE WATER.

ACCORDING TO THE U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR, MOST OF INLAND CALIFORNIA IS
IN D4-EXCEPTIONAL DROUGHT WITH D3-EXTREME DROUGHT OVER THE EXTREME
NORTHERN SACRAMENTO VALLEY. HEAVY JANUARY RAINFALL OVER THE NORTHERN
SIERRA HAS LEAD TO AN IMPROVEMENT TO D3 FOR THIS AREA AND MOST
RESERVOIRS ARE NOW EXPERIENCING SIGNIFICANT RISES. THE DROUGHT
CLASSIFICATIONS ARE DUE IN LARGE PART TO THE PRECIPITATION DEFICIT,
LOW RESERVOIR LEVELS AND LOCAL IMPACTS.

SEVERAL COUNTIES HAVE ISSUED LOCAL DROUGHT EMERGENCY PROCLAMATIONS
IN RESPONSE TO THE DETERIORATING SITUATION INCLUDING BUTTE, EL
DORADO, GLENN, LAKE, SAN JOAQUIN, SHASTA, SUTTER, TUOLUMNE, PLUMAS
AND YUBA.

SEVERAL CITIES CONTINUE IN A DROUGHT EMERGENCY, LIVE OAK IN SUTTER
COUNTY, LODI, MANTECA AND RIPON IN SAN JOAQUIN COUNTY,
PORTOLA(PLUMAS COUNTY) AND WEST SACRAMENTO.

SEVERAL SPECIAL DISTRICTS HAVE ISSUED LOCAL EMERGENCY DECLARATIONS
INCLUDING LAKE DON PEDRO COMMUNITY SERVICES DISTRICT, NEVADA
IRRIGATION DISTRICT, PLACER COUNTY WATER AGENCY, TWAIN HARTE
COMMUNITY SERVICES DISTRICT,  MOUNTAIN HOUSE COMMUNITY SERVICE
DISTRICT AND TUOLUMNE UTILITY DISTRICT. COUNTY DROUGHT TASK FORCES
HAVE BEEN ESTABLISHED IN BUTTE, LAKE, NEVADA, PLACER, PLUMAS,
SACRAMENTO, SAN JOAQUIN, STANISLAUS, SUTTER, TEHAMA, TUOLUMNE AND
YOLO COUNTIES TO COORDINATE LOCAL DROUGHT RESPONSE. THE GOVERNORS
DROUGHT TASK FORCE MEETS DAILY TO TAKE ACTIONS THAT CONSERVE WATER
AND COORDINATE STATE RESPONSE TO THE DROUGHT.

LOCAL WATER AGENCIES HAVE ENACTED MANDATORY OR VOLUNTEER WATER
RESTRICTIONS ACROSS THE STATE. FOR MORE INFORMATION ABOUT SPECIFIC
LOCAL WATER AGENCIES USAGE RESTRICTIONS PLEASE VISIT
HTTP://WWW.ACWA.COM/CONTENT/LOCAL-DROUGHT-RESPONSE.

SUMMARY OF IMPACTS...

GOVERNOR BROWN HAS ORDERED MANDATORY WATER REDUCTIONS OF 25 PERCENT
IN CITIES AND TOWNS ACROSS THE STATE. THIS IS THE FIRST TIME IN
STATE HISTORY THAT A GOVERNOR HAS IMPLEMENTED SUCH REDUCTIONS.

THE STATE WATER BOARD ADOPTED EMERGENCY REGULATIONS REQUIRING AN
IMMEDIATE 25 PERCENT REDUCTION IN OVERALL POTABLE URBAN WATER USE
STATEWIDE.

AGRICULTURAL IMPACTS INCLUDE SOME FARMERS REMOVING TREES FROM THEIR
ORCHARDS OR LEAVING THEIR LAND UNPLANTED. SUTTER COUNTY HAS REPORTED
THE LOSS OF 1100 AGRICULTURAL JOBS RELATED TO THE DROUGHT.

MANY COUNTIES ARE UTILIZING CDAA (CA DISASTER ASSISTANCE ACT) MONIES
TO SUPPORT THE DROUGHT SUCH AS SUPPLYING HOMES WHO`S WELLS HAVE
RUN DRY WITH WATER FOR DRINKING AND SANITATION.

STANISLAUS COUNTY CONTINUES TO HAVE NEW WELLS DRYING UP. 6 NEW
HOUSEHOLDS HAVE BEEN ADDED TO THE WATER TANK PROGRAM. THESE HOUSES
ARE DEPENDENT ON TRUCKING WATER IN FOR ROUTINE DAILY USE.

THE STATE WATER BOARD ADOPTED EMERGENCY REGULATIONS TO REDUCE URBAN
OUTDOOR WATER USE. THIS ESTABLISHES INDIVIDUAL TEMPORARY
PROHIBITIONS LIKE LAWN-WATERING THAT CAUSES RUNOFF...HOSING DOWN
DRIVEWAYS AND USING DECORATIVE FOUNTAINS THAT DON`T RECIRCULATE
WATER. VIOLATIONS MAY BE PUNISHABLE BY FINES UP TO $500.

ALL THE COUNTIES WITHIN NORTHERN INTERIOR CALIFORNIA REMAIN
DESIGNATED AS PRIMARY NATURAL DISASTER AREAS BY THE U.S. DEPARTMENT
OF AGRICULTURE DUE TO DAMAGES AND LOSSES CAUSED BY THE DRY
CONDITIONS. GOVERNMENT PROGRAMS INCLUDE ASSISTANCE PAYMENTS AND
EMERGENCY LOANS FOR FARMERS AND RANCHERS.

A FULLY OCCUPIED HOUSING DEVELOPMENT APPROX 50 HOMES IN ARBUCKLE,
COLUSA COUNTY HAS A DRY WELL.

THE DROUGHT`S ECONOMIC TOLL TO CALIFORNIA IS ESTIMATED AT 2.7
BILLION IN 2015 AND WILL ELIMINATE MORE THAN 21,000 JOBS PER REPORT
OF THE UC DAVIS CENTER FOR WATERSHED SCIENCES.

NASA SATELLITE DATA SHOWS LAND IN THE SAN JOAQUIN VALLEY IS SINKING
FASTER THAN EVER BEFORE, NEARLY 2 INCHES PER MONTH IN SOME LOCATIONS
DUE TO INCREASED WELL WATER PUMPING.

CLIMATE SUMMARY... 2015 WAS THE FOURTH DRY WATER YEAR IN A ROW FOR
NORTHERN CALIFORNIA. A NEW WATER YEAR HAS BEGUN FOR NORTHERN
CALIFORNIA AS OF OCT 1ST. THUS FAR...THE NORTHERN SIERRA 8 STATION
PRECIPITATION INDEX THROUGH JAN 31ST IS AT 122% OF NORMAL. THE 5
STATION SAN JOAQUIN BASIN INDEX IS AT 120% OF NORMAL. A MUCH
IMPROVED SNOW PACK HAS BEEN ESTABLISHED OVER THE SIERRA. FEBRUARY
1ST SNOW SURVEY CONDUCTED BY THE DEPARTMENT OF WATER RESOURCES SHOWS
THE SACRAMENTO BASIN AT 121% OF NORMAL AND THE SAN JOAQUIN BASIN AT
120% OF NORMAL.

PRECIPITATION/TEMPERATURE OUTLOOK...

THE WET SEASON CONTINUES OVER NORTHERN CALIFORNIA WITH NUMEROUS
RAINY PERIODS LIKELY OVER THE NEXT FEW MONTHS. AN EL NINO ADVISORY
HAS BEEN ISSUED BY THE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER LASTING THROUGH THE
WINTER FOR A STRONG EL NINO. THE CURRENT STRONG EL NINO IS NEAR ITS
PEAK AND WILL CONTINUE THROUGH THE WINTER. A TRANSITION TO NEUTRAL
CONDITIONS IS LIKELY DURING THE LATE SPRING OR EARLY SUMMER 2016.
EVEN STRONG EL NINO`S ARE NOT A GUARANTEE OF ABOVE NORMAL
PRECIPITATION. THE LONG TERM CLIMATE OUTLOOK SHOWS A SIGNAL FOR
ABOVE NORMAL PRECIPITATION OVER ALL OF CALIFORNIA DURING THE WINTER
AND EARLY SPRING. THIS SIGNAL INCREASES GRADUALLY FROM NORTH TO
SOUTH...WITH SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA HAVING THE STRONGEST SIGNAL.
TEMPERATURES ARE EXPECTED TO BE ABOVE NORMAL THROUGH THE WINTER.

HYDROLOGIC SUMMARY AND OUTLOOK... RESERVOIR STORAGE FOR THE
SACRAMENTO RIVER BASIN IS AT 56% OF CAPACITY.

NEXT ISSUANCE DATE... THE NEXT SCHEDULED PRODUCT WILL BE ISSUED IN
LATE FEBRUARY OR SOONER IF NECESSARY IN RESPONSE TO SIGNIFICANT
CHANGES IN CONDITIONS.

&&

RELATED WEBSITES...
CALIFORNIA DATA EXCHANGE CENTER:  HTTP://CDEC.WATER.CA.GOV/
CALIFORNIA NEVADA RIVER FORECAST CENTER:  HTTP://WWW.CNRFC.NOAA.GOV/
DROUGHT MONITOR:  HTTP://DROUGHT.UNL.EDU/DM/MONITOR.HTML CALIFORNIA
DROUGHT PAGE:  HTTP://WWW.WATER.CA.GOV/UHJYWATERCONDITIONS/DROUGHT
CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER:  HTTP://WWW.CPC.NOAA.GOV/INDEX.PHP
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE SACRAMENTO:  HTTP://WWW.WRH.NOAA.GOV/STO/
NWS CA DROUGHT INFORMATION RESOURCES:
HTTP://WWW.WRH.NOAA.GOV/WRH/DROUGHTCA.PHP
ASSOCIATION OF CALIFORNIA WATER AGENCIES:  HTTP://WWW.ACWA.COM

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS...
CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER
DROUGHT MONITOR
CALIFORNIA NEVADA RIVER FORECAST CENTER
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE SACRAMENTO
CALIFORNIA DEPARTMENT OF WATER RESOURCES
CALIFORNIA STATE CLIMATOLOGIST
US BUREAU OF RECLAMATION
CAL FIRE
ASSOCIATION OF CALIFORNIA WATER AGENCIES
LOCAL COUNTIES AND CITIES

QUESTIONS AND COMMENTS...PLEASE REFER ALL QUESTIONS TO
W-STO.WEBMASTER@NOAA.GOV.

$$

SHOEMAKER


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