River Forecast
Issued by NWS

Home | Current Version | Previous Version | Text Only | Print | Product List | Glossary On
Versions: 1 2 3
000
FGUS53 KKRF 291412
RVFBGH

RIVER FORECAST
NWS MISSOURI BASIN RIVER FORECAST CENTER PLEASANT HILL MO
1412Z Mon Jun 29 2015
:
: THIS PRODUCT HAS PRELIMINARY DATA THAT MAY BE SUBJECT TO REVISION.
: REFER TO YOUR LOCAL WFO FOR THE LATEST OFFICIAL RIVER FORECAST.

:    FORECAST GROUP IS BIGHORN

: ==>    This forecast includes obsd precip & 24 hours of QPF    <==

:DUBOIS WY 6NW - WIND RIVER     HSA - RIW
:FLOOD STAGE 5.0 FT   FCST ISSUANCE STAGE 4.0 FT
:MODERATE FLOOD STAGE 5.5 FT   MAJOR FLOOD STAGE 6.0 FT
:LATEST RIVER STAGE 3.5 FT AT 1315Z ON 0629

:Obs Stage /   00Z /   06Z /   12Z /   18Z
:   0628                           /   3.5
:   0628   /   3.5 /   3.5 /   3.5

.ER DUBW4 20150629 Z DC201506291412/DH18/HGIFF/DIH6
:Stage Fcst/   00Z /   06Z /   12Z /   18Z
.E1  :0629:                        /   3.4
.E2  :0630:/   3.4 /   3.4 /   3.4 /   3.4
.E3  :0701:/   3.4 /   3.4 /   3.4 /   3.4
.E4  :0702:/   3.4 /   3.4 /   3.3 /   3.3
.E5  :0703:/   3.3 /   3.3 /   3.3 /   3.3
.E6  :0704:/   3.3 /   3.3 /   3.3


:Local observed 6-hr basin-averaged precip (inches) (PAST 24 hours):
:          /   00Z /   06Z /   12Z /   18Z
:    0628                          /  0.00
:    0629  /  0.05 /  0.00 /  0.00
:
:Local observed 24-hr basin-averaged precip total
: QPE Total Ending Jun 29:   0.05  inches
:
:Local forecast 6-hr basin-averaged precip (inches) (NEXT 24 hours):
:          /   00Z /   06Z /   12Z /   18Z
:    0629                          /  0.00
:    0630  /  0.00 /  0.00 /  0.00
:
:Local forecast 24-hr basin-averaged precip total
: QPF Total Ending Jun 30:   0.00  inches


:DUBOIS WY 6NW - WIND RIVER     HSA - RIW
:LATEST ESTIMATED FLOW 0.42 KCFS AT 1200Z ON 0629

.ER DUBW4 20150629 Z DC201506291412/DH18/QRIFF/DIH6
:Flow Fcst /   00Z /   06Z /   12Z /   18Z
.E1  :0629:                        / 0.403
.E2  :0630:/ 0.399 / 0.395 / 0.391 / 0.387
.E3  :0701:/ 0.383 / 0.379 / 0.375 / 0.372
.E4  :0702:/ 0.368 / 0.364 / 0.361 / 0.357
.E5  :0703:/ 0.353 / 0.350 / 0.347 / 0.344
.E6  :0704:/ 0.340 / 0.337 / 0.333
:__________________________________________________________________

:DUBOIS WY 12SE - WIND RIVER ABV RED CREEK     HSA - RIW
:FLOOD STAGE 9.5 FT   FCST ISSUANCE STAGE 8.5 FT
:MODERATE FLOOD STAGE 10.5 FT   MAJOR FLOOD STAGE 11.5 FT
:LATEST RIVER STAGE 4.9 FT AT 1345Z ON 0629

:Obs Stage /   00Z /   06Z /   12Z /   18Z
:   0628                           /   5.0
:   0629   /   4.8 /   4.9 /   5.0

.ER WRCW4 20150629 Z DC201506291412/DH18/HGIFF/DIH6
:Stage Fcst/   00Z /   06Z /   12Z /   18Z
.E1  :0629:                        /   4.9
.E2  :0630:/   4.9 /   4.8 /   4.7 /   4.7
.E3  :0701:/   4.7 /   4.7 /   4.7 /   4.6
.E4  :0702:/   4.6 /   4.6 /   4.6 /   4.6
.E5  :0703:/   4.6 /   4.5 /   4.5 /   4.5
.E6  :0704:/   4.5 /   4.5 /   4.5


:Local observed 6-hr basin-averaged precip (inches) (PAST 24 hours):
:          /   00Z /   06Z /   12Z /   18Z
:    0628                          /  0.00
:    0629  /  0.30 /  0.05 /  0.00
:
:Local observed 24-hr basin-averaged precip total
: QPE Total Ending Jun 29:   0.35  inches
:
:Local forecast 6-hr basin-averaged precip (inches) (NEXT 24 hours):
:          /   00Z /   06Z /   12Z /   18Z
:    0629                          /  0.00
:    0630  /  0.00 /  0.00 /  0.00
:
:Local forecast 24-hr basin-averaged precip total
: QPF Total Ending Jun 30:   0.00  inches


:DUBOIS WY 12SE - WIND RIVER ABV RED CREEK     HSA - RIW
:LATEST ESTIMATED FLOW 1.80 KCFS AT 1200Z ON 0629

.ER WRCW4 20150629 Z DC201506291412/DH18/QRIFF/DIH6
:Flow Fcst /   00Z /   06Z /   12Z /   18Z
.E1  :0629:                        / 1.751
.E2  :0630:/ 1.703 / 1.645 / 1.591 / 1.574
.E3  :0701:/ 1.557 / 1.540 / 1.523 / 1.507
.E4  :0702:/ 1.492 / 1.476 / 1.462 / 1.446
.E5  :0703:/ 1.431 / 1.417 / 1.402 / 1.388
.E6  :0704:/ 1.374 / 1.361 / 1.347
:__________________________________________________________________

:CROWHEART WY 9SE - WIND RIVER     HSA - RIW
:FLOOD STAGE 10.0 FT   FCST ISSUANCE STAGE 9.0 FT
:MODERATE FLOOD STAGE 10.5 FT   MAJOR FLOOD STAGE 11.0 FT
:LATEST RIVER STAGE 7.7 FT AT 1315Z ON 0629

:Obs Stage /   00Z /   06Z /   12Z /   18Z
:   0628                           /   7.9
:   0628   /   7.8 /   7.7 /   7.7

.ER CROW4 20150629 Z DC201506291412/DH18/HGIFF/DIH6
:Stage Fcst/   00Z /   06Z /   12Z /   18Z
.E1  :0629:                        /   7.7
.E2  :0630:/   7.7 /   7.7 /   7.7 /   7.6
.E3  :0701:/   7.6 /   7.6 /   7.6 /   7.6
.E4  :0702:/   7.5 /   7.5 /   7.5 /   7.5
.E5  :0703:/   7.5 /   7.5 /   7.5 /   7.5
.E6  :0704:/   7.5 /   7.4 /   7.4


:Local observed 6-hr basin-averaged precip (inches) (PAST 24 hours):
:          /   00Z /   06Z /   12Z /   18Z
:    0628                          /  0.00
:    0629  /  0.10 /  0.14 /  0.00
:
:Local observed 24-hr basin-averaged precip total
: QPE Total Ending Jun 29:   0.24  inches
:
:Local forecast 6-hr basin-averaged precip (inches) (NEXT 24 hours):
:          /   00Z /   06Z /   12Z /   18Z
:    0629                          /  0.00
:    0630  /  0.00 /  0.00 /  0.00
:
:Local forecast 24-hr basin-averaged precip total
: QPF Total Ending Jun 30:   0.00  inches


:CROWHEART WY 9SE - WIND RIVER     HSA - RIW
:LATEST ESTIMATED FLOW 2.78 KCFS AT 1200Z ON 0629

.ER CROW4 20150629 Z DC201506291412/DH18/QRIFF/DIH6
:Flow Fcst /   00Z /   06Z /   12Z /   18Z
.E1  :0629:                        / 2.735
.E2  :0630:/ 2.718 / 2.720 / 2.711 / 2.678
.E3  :0701:/ 2.608 / 2.569 / 2.545 / 2.519
.E4  :0702:/ 2.492 / 2.467 / 2.444 / 2.423
.E5  :0703:/ 2.404 / 2.385 / 2.367 / 2.348
.E6  :0704:/ 2.330 / 2.312 / 2.294
:__________________________________________________________________

:RIVERTON WY 2SE - LITTLE WIND RIVER     HSA - RIW
:FLOOD STAGE 8.0 FT   FCST ISSUANCE STAGE 7.0 FT
:MODERATE FLOOD STAGE 10.0 FT   MAJOR FLOOD STAGE 11.0 FT
:LATEST RIVER STAGE 3.3 FT AT 1315Z ON 0629

:Obs Stage /   00Z /   06Z /   12Z /   18Z
:   0628                           /   3.3
:   0629   /   3.3 /   3.3 /   3.3

.ER RVTW4 20150629 Z DC201506291412/DH18/HGIFF/DIH6
:Stage Fcst/   00Z /   06Z /   12Z /   18Z
.E1  :0629:                        /   3.2
.E2  :0630:/   3.2 /   3.2 /   3.2 /   3.2
.E3  :0701:/   3.2 /   3.2 /   3.2 /   3.2
.E4  :0702:/   3.1 /   3.1 /   3.1 /   3.1
.E5  :0703:/   3.1 /   3.1 /   3.1 /   3.0
.E6  :0704:/   3.0 /   3.0 /   3.0


:Local observed 6-hr basin-averaged precip (inches) (PAST 24 hours):
:          /   00Z /   06Z /   12Z /   18Z
:    0628                          /  0.00
:    0629  /  0.00 /  0.00 /  0.00
:
:Local observed 24-hr basin-averaged precip total
: QPE Total Ending Jun 29:   0.00  inches
:
:Local forecast 6-hr basin-averaged precip (inches) (NEXT 24 hours):
:          /   00Z /   06Z /   12Z /   18Z
:    0629                          /  0.00
:    0630  /  0.00 /  0.00 /  0.00
:
:Local forecast 24-hr basin-averaged precip total
: QPF Total Ending Jun 30:   0.00  inches


:RIVERTON WY 2SE - LITTLE WIND RIVER     HSA - RIW
:LATEST ESTIMATED FLOW 0.71 KCFS AT 1200Z ON 0629

.ER RVTW4 20150629 Z DC201506291412/DH18/QRIFF/DIH6
:Flow Fcst /   00Z /   06Z /   12Z /   18Z
.E1  :0629:                        / 0.701
.E2  :0630:/ 0.691 / 0.681 / 0.672 / 0.663
.E3  :0701:/ 0.654 / 0.644 / 0.635 / 0.626
.E4  :0702:/ 0.618 / 0.610 / 0.602 / 0.594
.E5  :0703:/ 0.587 / 0.579 / 0.572 / 0.564
.E6  :0704:/ 0.557 / 0.551 / 0.545
:__________________________________________________________________

:MEETEETSE WY 2SW - GREYBULL RIVER     HSA - RIW
:FLOOD STAGE MISSING   FCST ISSUANCE STAGE MISSING
:MODERATE FLOOD STAGE 9.5 FT   MAJOR FLOOD STAGE MISSING
:LATEST RIVER STAGE 3.0 FT AT 1345Z ON 0629

:Obs Stage /   00Z /   06Z /   12Z /   18Z
:   0628                           /   2.9
:   0628   /   3.0 /   3.0 /   2.9

.ER MEEW4 20150629 Z DC201506291412/DH18/HGIFF/DIH6
:Stage Fcst/   00Z /   06Z /   12Z /   18Z
.E1  :0629:                        /   3.0
.E2  :0630:/   3.0 /   2.9 /   2.9 /   2.9
.E3  :0701:/   2.9 /   2.8 /   2.8 /   2.8
.E4  :0702:/   2.8 /   2.8 /   2.7 /   2.7
.E5  :0703:/   2.7 /   2.7 /   2.6 /   2.6
.E6  :0704:/   2.6 /   2.6 /   2.6


:Local observed 6-hr basin-averaged precip (inches) (PAST 24 hours):
:          /   00Z /   06Z /   12Z /   18Z
:    0628                          /  0.00
:    0629  /  0.09 /  0.01 /  0.00
:
:Local observed 24-hr basin-averaged precip total
: QPE Total Ending Jun 29:   0.10  inches
:
:Local forecast 6-hr basin-averaged precip (inches) (NEXT 24 hours):
:          /   00Z /   06Z /   12Z /   18Z
:    0629                          /  0.00
:    0630  /  0.00 /  0.00 /  0.00
:
:Local forecast 24-hr basin-averaged precip total
: QPF Total Ending Jun 30:   0.00  inches


:MEETEETSE WY 2SW - GREYBULL RIVER     HSA - RIW
:LATEST ESTIMATED FLOW 1.07 KCFS AT 1200Z ON 0629

.ER MEEW4 20150629 Z DC201506291412/DH18/QRIFF/DIH6
:Flow Fcst /   00Z /   06Z /   12Z /   18Z
.E1  :0629:                        / 1.048
.E2  :0630:/ 1.029 / 1.012 / 0.994 / 0.976
.E3  :0701:/ 0.958 / 0.940 / 0.922 / 0.905
.E4  :0702:/ 0.888 / 0.871 / 0.854 / 0.837
.E5  :0703:/ 0.820 / 0.804 / 0.787 / 0.770
.E6  :0704:/ 0.754 / 0.737 / 0.720
:__________________________________________________________________

:BASIN WY - BIGHORN RIVER     HSA - RIW
:FLOOD STAGE 10.5 FT   FCST ISSUANCE STAGE 9.5 FT
:MODERATE FLOOD STAGE 12.0 FT   MAJOR FLOOD STAGE 13.0 FT
:LATEST RIVER STAGE 6.2 FT AT 1315Z ON 0629

:Obs Stage /   00Z /   06Z /   12Z /   18Z
:   0628                           /   6.9
:   0628   /   6.7 /   6.3 /   6.2

.ER BHBW4 20150629 Z DC201506291412/DH18/HGIFF/DIH6
:Stage Fcst/   00Z /   06Z /   12Z /   18Z
.E1  :0629:                        /   6.1
.E2  :0630:/   6.1 /   6.3 /   6.4 /   6.4
.E3  :0701:/   6.4 /   6.4 /   6.4 /   6.4
.E4  :0702:/   6.4 /   6.4 /   6.4 /   6.4
.E5  :0703:/   6.4 /   6.4 /   6.4 /   6.3
.E6  :0704:/   6.3 /   6.3 /   6.3


:Local observed 6-hr basin-averaged precip (inches) (PAST 24 hours):
:          /   00Z /   06Z /   12Z /   18Z
:    0628                          /  0.00
:    0629  /  0.02 /  0.00 /  0.00
:
:Local observed 24-hr basin-averaged precip total
: QPE Total Ending Jun 29:   0.02  inches
:
:Local forecast 6-hr basin-averaged precip (inches) (NEXT 24 hours):
:          /   00Z /   06Z /   12Z /   18Z
:    0629                          /  0.00
:    0630  /  0.00 /  0.00 /  0.00
:
:Local forecast 24-hr basin-averaged precip total
: QPF Total Ending Jun 30:   0.00  inches


:BASIN WY - BIGHORN RIVER     HSA - RIW
:LATEST ESTIMATED FLOW 5.22 KCFS AT 1200Z ON 0629

.ER BHBW4 20150629 Z DC201506291412/DH18/QRIFF/DIH6
:Flow Fcst /   00Z /   06Z /   12Z /   18Z
.E1  :0629:                        /  5.13
.E2  :0630:/  5.13 /  5.31 /  5.50 /  5.51
.E3  :0701:/  5.53 /  5.53 /  5.52 /  5.52
.E4  :0702:/  5.51 /  5.51 /  5.50 /  5.50
.E5  :0703:/  5.49 /  5.48 /  5.48 /  5.47
.E6  :0704:/  5.46 /  5.45 /  5.45


:GREYBULL WY - BIGHORN RIVER     HSA - RIW
:LATEST ESTIMATED FLOW 6.39 KCFS AT 1200Z ON 0629

.ER GYBW4 20150629 Z DC201506291412/DH18/QRIFF/DIH6
:Flow Fcst /   00Z /   06Z /   12Z /   18Z
.E1  :0629:                        /  6.28
.E2  :0630:/  6.22 /  6.31 /  6.48 /  6.57
.E3  :0701:/  6.56 /  6.55 /  6.53 /  6.51
.E4  :0702:/  6.48 /  6.46 /  6.44 /  6.41
.E5  :0703:/  6.39 /  6.37 /  6.35 /  6.32
.E6  :0704:/  6.30 /  6.27 /  6.25
:__________________________________________________________________

:LOVELL WY 10ESE - BIGHORN RIVER     HSA - RIW
:FLOOD STAGE MISSING   FCST ISSUANCE STAGE MISSING
:MODERATE FLOOD STAGE 11.5 FT   MAJOR FLOOD STAGE MISSING
:LATEST RIVER STAGE 4.9 FT AT 1315Z ON 0629

:Obs Stage /   00Z /   06Z /   12Z /   18Z
:   0628                           /   5.3
:   0628   /   5.3 /   5.3 /   5.0

.ER LVEW4 20150629 Z DC201506291412/DH18/HGIFF/DIH6
:Stage Fcst/   00Z /   06Z /   12Z /   18Z
.E1  :0629:                        /   4.7
.E2  :0630:/   4.5 /   4.5 /   4.4 /   4.4
.E3  :0701:/   4.5 /   4.6 /   4.6 /   4.6
.E4  :0702:/   4.6 /   4.6 /   4.6 /   4.6
.E5  :0703:/   4.6 /   4.6 /   4.6 /   4.6
.E6  :0704:/   4.6 /   4.5 /   4.5


:Local observed 6-hr basin-averaged precip (inches) (PAST 24 hours):
:          /   00Z /   06Z /   12Z /   18Z
:    0628                          /  0.00
:    0629  /  0.04 /  0.00 /  0.00
:
:Local observed 24-hr basin-averaged precip total
: QPE Total Ending Jun 29:   0.04  inches
:
:Local forecast 6-hr basin-averaged precip (inches) (NEXT 24 hours):
:          /   00Z /   06Z /   12Z /   18Z
:    0629                          /  0.00
:    0630  /  0.00 /  0.00 /  0.00
:
:Local forecast 24-hr basin-averaged precip total
: QPF Total Ending Jun 30:   0.00  inches


:LOVELL WY 10ESE - BIGHORN RIVER     HSA - RIW
:LATEST ESTIMATED FLOW 6.16 KCFS AT 1200Z ON 0629

.ER LVEW4 20150629 Z DC201506291412/DH18/QRIFF/DIH6
:Flow Fcst /   00Z /   06Z /   12Z /   18Z
.E1  :0629:                        /  5.84
.E2  :0630:/  5.47 /  5.28 /  5.23 /  5.26
.E3  :0701:/  5.38 /  5.51 /  5.57 /  5.57
.E4  :0702:/  5.57 /  5.56 /  5.54 /  5.53
.E5  :0703:/  5.52 /  5.51 /  5.50 /  5.49
.E6  :0704:/  5.47 /  5.46 /  5.45
:__________________________________________________________________

:WAPITI WY 5E - N FK SHOSHONE RIVER     HSA - RIW
:FLOOD STAGE 8.0 FT   FCST ISSUANCE STAGE 7.0 FT
:MODERATE FLOOD STAGE 9.0 FT   MAJOR FLOOD STAGE 10.0 FT
:LATEST RIVER STAGE 4.3 FT AT 1315Z ON 0629

:Obs Stage /   00Z /   06Z /   12Z /   18Z
:   0628                           /   4.3
:   0628   /   4.1 /   4.4 /   4.4

.ER NFSW4 20150629 Z DC201506291412/DH18/HGIFF/DIH6
:Stage Fcst/   00Z /   06Z /   12Z /   18Z
.E1  :0629:                        /   4.3
.E2  :0630:/   4.3 /   4.3 /   4.3 /   4.3
.E3  :0701:/   4.3 /   4.3 /   4.2 /   4.2
.E4  :0702:/   4.2 /   4.2 /   4.2 /   4.2
.E5  :0703:/   4.2 /   4.2 /   4.2 /   4.1
.E6  :0704:/   4.1 /   4.1 /   4.1


:Local observed 6-hr basin-averaged precip (inches) (PAST 24 hours):
:          /   00Z /   06Z /   12Z /   18Z
:    0628                          /  0.00
:    0629  /  0.08 /  0.00 /  0.00
:
:Local observed 24-hr basin-averaged precip total
: QPE Total Ending Jun 29:   0.08  inches
:
:Local forecast 6-hr basin-averaged precip (inches) (NEXT 24 hours):
:          /   00Z /   06Z /   12Z /   18Z
:    0629                          /  0.00
:    0630  /  0.00 /  0.00 /  0.00
:
:Local forecast 24-hr basin-averaged precip total
: QPF Total Ending Jun 30:   0.00  inches


:WAPITI WY 5E - N FK SHOSHONE RIVER     HSA - RIW
:LATEST ESTIMATED FLOW 1.01 KCFS AT 1200Z ON 0629

.ER NFSW4 20150629 Z DC201506291412/DH18/QRIFF/DIH6
:Flow Fcst /   00Z /   06Z /   12Z /   18Z
.E1  :0629:                        / 1.000
.E2  :0630:/ 0.989 / 0.978 / 0.967 / 0.957
.E3  :0701:/ 0.947 / 0.936 / 0.926 / 0.918
.E4  :0702:/ 0.909 / 0.899 / 0.890 / 0.881
.E5  :0703:/ 0.873 / 0.864 / 0.855 / 0.847
.E6  :0704:/ 0.839 / 0.830 / 0.821
:__________________________________________________________________

:LOVELL WY 2W - SHOSHONE RIVER     HSA - RIW
:FLOOD STAGE 11.0 FT   FCST ISSUANCE STAGE 10.0 FT
:MODERATE FLOOD STAGE 12.0 FT   MAJOR FLOOD STAGE 13.0 FT
:LATEST RIVER STAGE 4.9 FT AT 1345Z ON 0629

:Obs Stage /   00Z /   06Z /   12Z /   18Z
:   0628                           /   5.0
:   0628   /   4.9 /   4.8 /   4.9

.ER SLOW4 20150629 Z DC201506291412/DH18/HGIFF/DIH6
:Stage Fcst/   00Z /   06Z /   12Z /   18Z
.E1  :0629:                        /   4.9
.E2  :0630:/   4.9 /   4.9 /   5.0 /   5.0
.E3  :0701:/   5.0 /   5.0 /   5.0 /   5.0
.E4  :0702:/   5.1 /   5.1 /   5.1 /   5.1
.E5  :0703:/   5.1 /   5.1 /   5.1 /   5.1
.E6  :0704:/   5.1 /   5.1 /   5.1


:Local observed 6-hr basin-averaged precip (inches) (PAST 24 hours):
:          /   00Z /   06Z /   12Z /   18Z
:    0628                          /  0.00
:    0629  /  0.00 /  0.00 /  0.00
:
:Local observed 24-hr basin-averaged precip total
: QPE Total Ending Jun 29:   0.00  inches
:
:Local forecast 6-hr basin-averaged precip (inches) (NEXT 24 hours):
:          /   00Z /   06Z /   12Z /   18Z
:    0629                          /  0.00
:    0630  /  0.00 /  0.00 /  0.00
:
:Local forecast 24-hr basin-averaged precip total
: QPF Total Ending Jun 30:   0.00  inches


:LOVELL WY 2W - SHOSHONE RIVER     HSA - RIW
:LATEST ESTIMATED FLOW 0.76 KCFS AT 1200Z ON 0629

.ER SLOW4 20150629 Z DC201506291412/DH18/QRIFF/DIH6
:Flow Fcst /   00Z /   06Z /   12Z /   18Z
.E1  :0629:                        / 0.766
.E2  :0630:/ 0.778 / 0.791 / 0.804 / 0.817
.E3  :0701:/ 0.829 / 0.840 / 0.850 / 0.861
.E4  :0702:/ 0.871 / 0.882 / 0.892 / 0.903
.E5  :0703:/ 0.913 / 0.924 / 0.924 / 0.924
.E6  :0704:/ 0.924 / 0.924 / 0.924

:********************************************************************
:COMMENT
:
:
:HSA -        Hydrologic Service Area
:RIW -        NWS Weather Forecast Office Riverton, Wyoming
:OBS -        Observed
:EST -        Estimated
:M -          Missing
:Stage Fcst - River Stage forecast including future precipitation
:Flow Fcst -  River Flow forecast including future precipitation
:Precip -     Precipitation
:QPE -        Observed radar estimated precipitation
:QPF -        Forecasted mean areal precipitation for local basin
:
:
$$
: sdd
:...END of MESSAGE...



USA.gov is the U.S. government's official web portal to all federal, state and local government web resources and services.