Public Information Statement
Issued by NWS Newport/Morehead, NC

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PUBLIC INFORMATION STATEMENT
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE NEWPORT/MOREHEAD CITY NC
729 AM EST MON MAR 2 2015

...SEVERE WEATHER PREPAREDNESS WEEK IN NORTH CAROLINA IS MARCH
1 TO 7, 2015..

TODAY`S TOPIC: SEVERE THUNDERSTORMS AND TORNADOES.

A THUNDERSTORM IS A LOCAL STORM THAT PRODUCES LIGHTNING AND THUNDER.
THUNDERSTORMS ARE OFTEN ACCOMPANIED BY RAIN AND GUSTY WINDS,
AND MAY ALSO BRING HAIL OR SNOW.  THUNDERSTORMS OCCUR MOST
FREQUENTLY DURING THE SPRING AND SUMMER, BUT THEY ARE ALSO POSSIBLE
IN THE FALL AND WINTER.  NORTH CAROLINA EXPERIENCES ABOUT 40 TO 50
THUNDERSTORM DAYS PER YEAR.  ABOUT 10 PERCENT OF THUNDERSTORMS ARE
CLASSIFIED AS SEVERE - ONE THAT PRODUCES HAIL AT LEAST AN INCH IN
DIAMETER, HAS WINDS OF 58 MILES PER HOUR OR STRONGER, OR PRODUCES A
TORNADO.

TORNADOES ARE NATURE`S MOST VIOLENT STORMS. SPAWNED FROM POWERFUL
THUNDERSTORMS, TORNADOES CAN CAUSE FATALITIES AND DEVASTATE A
NEIGHBORHOOD IN SECONDS. A TORNADO APPEARS AS A ROTATING,
FUNNEL-SHAPED CLOUD THAT EXTENDS FROM A THUNDERSTORM TO THE GROUND
WITH WHIRLING WINDS THAT CAN REACH 300 MILES PER HOUR.  DAMAGE PATHS
CAN BE IN EXCESS OF ONE MILE WIDE AND 50 MILES LONG.  SOME TORNADOES
ARE CLEARLY VISIBLE, WHILE RAIN OR NEARBY LOW-HANGING CLOUDS OBSCURE
OTHERS. SOMETIMES, TORNADOES DEVELOP SO RAPIDLY THAT LITTLE, IF ANY,
ADVANCE WARNING IS POSSIBLE.

THE FOLLOWING ARE SOME ADDITIONAL SEVERE STORM FACTS FOR NORTH
CAROLINA:

* NORTH CAROLINA AVERAGES 26 TORNADOES, 3 TORNADO FATALITIES, AND 39
  TORNADO INJURIES EACH YEAR.
* MOST TORNADOES AND TORNADO-RELATED CASUALTIES OCCUR DURING
  METEOROLOGICAL SPRING (MARCH TO MAY), WITH A PEAK IN APRIL,
  PARTICULARLY AMONG STRONG AND VIOLENT TORNADOES.  THERE IS ALSO A
  SECONDARY PEAK IN TORNADO FREQUENCY IN NOVEMBER.
* TORNADOES OCCUR MOST FREQUENTLY IN THE LATE AFTERNOON AND EARLY
  EVENING HOURS; HOWEVER, MANY KILLER TORNADOES OCCUR DURING THE
  OVERNIGHT HOURS WHEN TORNADOES ARE DIFFICULT TO SEE AND PEOPLE ARE
  ASLEEP.
* THERE HAS BEEN UPWARD TREND IN THE REPORTS OF WEAK TORNADOES SINCE
  THE MIDDLE OF THE 20TH CENTURY.  THIS IS LIKELY DUE TO
  IMPROVEMENTS IN RADAR TECHNOLOGY, COMMUNICATION, STORM SURVEYS,
  AND STORM SPOTTER TRAINING, AS WELL AS AN EXPANDING POPULATION,
  INFRASTRUCTURE, AND SPOTTER NETWORK.
* THIRTY CONFIRMED TORNADOES OCCURRED IN NORTH CAROLINA ON APRIL 16,
  2011, THE GREATEST ONE-DAY TOTAL FOR NORTH CAROLINA ON RECORD.
  ON THAT DAY, 24 INDIVIDUALS LOST THEIR LIVES IN NORTH CAROLINA,
  AND THERE WERE OVER 300 INJURIES REPORTED IN CENTRAL NORTH
  CAROLINA ALONE.
* SEVERE GUSTS OF WIND FROM A THUNDERSTORM, CALLED DOWNBURSTS OR
  STRAIGHT LINE WINDS, ARE A SERIOUS DANGER AND CAN RESULT IN
  INJURIES AND FATALITIES.  DAMAGE FROM STRAIGHT LINE WINDS CAN LOOK
  LIKE AND BE JUST AS BAD AS TORNADO DAMAGE.  IN FACT, DURING THE
  PAST 5 YEARS, THERE HAVE BEEN 16 FATALITIES AND OVER 70 INJURIES
  IN NORTH CAROLINA DUE TO STRAIGHT LINE THUNDERSTORM WINDS.
* WHILE MOST OF THE HAIL THAT FALLS IN THE STATE IS TYPICALLY THE
  SIZE OF A QUARTER OR SMALLER, IN THE PAST 5 YEARS, HAIL THE SIZE
  OF GOLF BALLS OR LARGER HAS OCCURRED OVER 200 TIMES.  DURING THIS
  SAME TIME, BASEBALL-SIZE HAIL HAS OCCURRED 8 TIMES.

WHEN ATMOSPHERIC CONDITIONS ARE CONDUCIVE FOR THE FORMATION OF
TORNADOES, THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE WILL ISSUE A TORNADO WATCH.
A TORNADO WATCH MEANS THAT TORNADOES ARE POSSIBLE. DURING TORNADO
WATCHES, YOU SHOULD REMAIN ALERT FOR APPROACHING STORMS, WATCH THE
SKY, AND STAY TUNED TO NOAA WEATHER RADIO, COMMERCIAL RADIO OR
TELEVISION FOR ADDITIONAL INFORMATION.  A TORNADO WARNING MEANS THAT
A TORNADO HAS BEEN SIGHTED OR INDICATED BY WEATHER RADAR.  WHEN A
TORNADO WARNING IS ISSUED FOR YOUR AREA, YOU SHOULD TAKE SHELTER
IMMEDIATELY.

BE SURE TO TAKE SOME TIME THIS WEEK TO LEARN MORE ABOUT SEVERE
WEATHER SAFETY.  LEARNING AND PRACTICING SEVERE WEATHER SAFETY WHEN
THE WEATHER IS GOOD WILL ALLOW YOU TO REACT MORE QUICKLY WHEN THE
WEATHER TURNS BAD.  YOU CAN LEARN MORE ABOUT SEVERE WEATHER SAFETY
BY VISITING THE NORTH CAROLINA DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC SAFETY
PREPAREDNESS WEBSITE AT READYNC.ORG.  THIS WEB PAGE FEATURES AN
ABUNDANCE OF INFORMATION, AND LINKS TO A FREE CELL PHONE APP, THAT
WILL HELP YOU PLAN AND PREPARE FOR THE SEVERE WEATHER SEASON.  ONCE
AGAIN, THAT`S READYNC.ORG.

$$



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