Soaring Guidance
Issued by NWS Grand Junction, CO

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000
UXUS97 KGJT 281324
SRGGJT

Soaring Forecast
National Weather Service Grand Junction, Colorado
0723 MDT Friday, April 28, 2017

This forecast is for Friday, April 28, 2017:

If the trigger temperature of 42.3 F/5.7 C is reached...then
   Thermal Soaring Index....................... Excellent
   Maximum rate of lift........................ 927 ft/min (4.7 m/s)
   Maximum height of thermals.................. 15768 ft MSL (10929 ft AGL)

Forecast maximum temperature................... 53.0 F/12.1 C
Time of trigger temperature.................... 1400 MDT
Time of overdevelopment........................ 1600 MDT
Middle/high clouds during soaring window....... None
Surface winds during soaring window............ 20 mph or less
Height of the -3 thermal index................. 12810 ft MSL (7971 ft AGL)
Thermal soaring outlook for Saturday 04/29..... Fair

Wave Soaring Index............................. Not available

Remarks...

Sunrise/Sunset.................... 06:19:19 / 20:03:37 MDT
Total possible sunshine........... 13 hr 44 min 19 sec (824 min 19 sec)
Altitude of sun at 13:11:38 MDT... 65.27 degrees

Upper air data from rawinsonde observation taken on 04/28/2017 at 0600 MDT

Freezing level.................. 6621 ft MSL (1782 ft AGL)
Convective condensation level... 12866 ft MSL (8027 ft AGL)
Lifted condensation level....... 14212 ft MSL (9373 ft AGL)
Lifted index.................... +2.0
K index......................... +2.9

Height  Temperature  Wind  Wind Spd  Lapse Rate  ConvectionT  Thermal  Lift Rate
ft MSL  deg C deg F   Dir   kt  m/s  C/km F/kft  deg C deg F   Index    fpm  m/s
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 50000  -51.7 -61.1   255   30   15   4.7   2.6  116.5 241.8    59.6      M    M
 45000  -49.4 -56.9   260   48   25 -12.6  -6.9   95.4 203.7    50.8      M    M
 40000  -45.7 -50.3   270   34   17  -3.2  -1.7   77.9 172.3    42.9      M    M
 38000  -46.8 -52.2   265   38   20   4.9   2.7   67.4 153.3    37.0      M    M
 36000  -44.8 -48.6   270   42   22   1.7   0.9   60.6 141.1    33.5      M    M
 34000  -47.4 -53.3   270   46   24   1.0   0.5   48.4 119.1    25.8      M    M
 32000  -48.0 -54.4   270   47   24   2.3   1.3   39.4 102.8    20.0      M    M
 30000  -48.3 -54.9   265   47   24   4.8   2.7   30.9  87.5    14.2      M    M
 29000  -47.3 -53.1   260   56   29   2.4   1.3   28.2  82.7    12.4      M    M
 28000  -46.1 -51.0   260   60   31   7.3   4.0   25.9  78.7    10.8      M    M
 27000  -44.0 -47.2   260   59   30   7.4   4.1   24.9  76.8    10.2      M    M
 26000  -42.8 -45.0   265   57   30   2.4   1.3   22.6  72.7     8.5      M    M
 25000  -41.3 -42.3   265   56   29   6.8   3.7   20.8  69.5     7.2      M    M
 24000  -39.3 -38.7   265   49   25   6.9   3.8   19.7  67.4     6.4      M    M
 23000  -37.2 -35.0   270   42   22   6.2   3.4   18.6  65.6     5.6      M    M
 22000  -35.5 -31.9   270   42   22   5.2   2.9   17.1  62.7     4.4      M    M
 21000  -33.7 -28.7   270   43   22   8.6   4.7   15.8  60.4     3.4      M    M
 20000  -31.1 -24.0   270   43   22   8.4   4.6   15.3  59.6     3.1      M    M
 19500  -29.3 -20.7   270   39   20   8.6   4.7   14.9  58.9     2.8      M    M
 19000  -28.1 -18.6   270   36   19   6.5   3.6   14.5  58.2     2.4      M    M
 18500  -27.1 -16.8   265   33   17   6.8   3.7   14.0  57.1     2.0      M    M
 18000  -26.3 -15.3   265   30   16   3.8   2.1   13.2  55.8     1.3      M    M
 17500  -25.3 -13.5   275   27   14   8.8   4.8   12.7  54.8     0.9      M    M
 17000  -24.1 -11.4   285   24   12   8.4   4.6   12.4  54.4     0.7      M    M
 16500  -22.8  -9.0   285   19   10   8.2   4.5   12.2  53.9     0.4      M    M
 16000  -21.6  -6.9   280   14    7   7.0   3.8   12.0  53.5     0.2      M    M
 15500  -21.0  -5.8   285   18    9   2.5   1.4   10.9  51.7    -0.7    908  4.6
 15000  -20.3  -4.5   290   21   11   6.3   3.5   10.1  50.2    -1.5    873  4.4
 14500  -19.5  -3.1   285   21   11   6.9   3.8    9.5  49.0    -2.1    832  4.2
 14000  -18.2  -0.8   285   21   11   9.4   5.2    9.3  48.7    -2.2    778  4.0
 13500  -16.8   1.8   280   20   10   8.3   4.5    9.2  48.6    -2.3    722  3.7
 13000  -15.8   3.6   270   19   10   7.0   3.9    8.7  47.7    -2.9    679  3.4
 12500  -14.7   5.5   265   19   10   8.5   4.7    8.4  47.2    -3.2    629  3.2
 12000  -13.4   7.9   255   19   10   8.8   4.8    8.3  46.9    -3.4    575  2.9
 11500  -12.2  10.0   270   20   10   7.2   3.9    8.0  46.4    -3.6    524  2.7
 11000  -11.0  12.2   280   22   11   8.5   4.7    7.7  45.8    -3.9    474  2.4
 10500   -9.7  14.5   280   20   10   9.1   5.0    7.5  45.5    -4.1    420  2.1
 10250   -9.1  15.6   280   19   10   4.9   2.7    7.4  45.2    -4.3    394  2.0
 10000   -8.9  16.0   280   17    9   5.3   2.9    6.9  44.3    -4.8    380  1.9
  9750   -8.3  17.1   280   16    8   8.4   4.6    6.7  44.1    -4.9    355  1.8
  9500   -7.7  18.1   280   16    8   6.5   3.6    6.5  43.7    -5.2    332  1.7
  9250   -7.3  18.9   285   15    8   6.8   3.7    6.3  43.3    -5.4    310  1.6
  9000   -6.7  19.9   285   15    8   8.3   4.6    6.1  42.9    -5.6    287  1.5
  8750   -6.0  21.2   285   15    8   9.4   5.2    6.0  42.9    -5.7    259  1.3
  8500   -5.3  22.5   285   15    8   9.1   5.0    6.0  42.8    -5.7    231  1.2
  8250   -4.7  23.5   285   15    8   9.2   5.1    6.0  42.7    -5.8    203  1.0
  8000   -4.0  24.8   285   15    8   9.2   5.0    5.9  42.7    -5.8    175  0.9
  7750   -3.3  26.1   285   15    8   9.2   5.0    5.9  42.6    -5.9    147  0.7
  7500   -2.6  27.3   290   14    7   9.2   5.0    5.8  42.5    -6.0    119  0.6
  7250   -1.9  28.6   290   14    7   9.2   5.0    5.8  42.4    -6.0     91  0.5
  7000   -1.2  29.8   295   14    7   9.2   5.0    5.8  42.4    -6.1     63  0.3
  6750   -0.5  31.1   295   14    7   9.2   5.0    5.7  42.3    -6.1     35  0.2
  6500    0.2  32.4   295   13    7   9.2   5.0    5.7  42.2    -6.2      7  0.0
  6250    0.8  33.4   295   13    7   9.3   5.1    5.6  42.1    -6.3      M    M
  6000    1.5  34.7   295   12    6   9.0   4.9    5.6  42.0    -6.4      M    M
  5750    2.2  36.0   295   10    5  10.1   5.5    5.5  41.9    -6.4      M    M
  5500    2.9  37.2   295    8    4   5.8   3.2    5.5  41.8    -6.5      M    M
  5250    3.0  37.4   295    5    3  -1.2  -0.7    4.8  40.7    -7.1      M    M
  5000    2.7  36.9   295    3    1  -8.7  -4.8    3.8  38.8    -8.2      M    M

 * * * * * * Numerical weather prediction model forecast data valid * * * * * *

           04/28/2017 at 0900 MDT          |       04/28/2017 at 1200 MDT
                                           |
K index... +9.4  LI... +1.8                | K index... +8.7  LI... +1.0
CAPE... 0.0  CIN... -0.3                   | CAPE... +0.5  CIN... -0.4
                                           |
Height Temperature  Wnd WndSpd  Lapse Rate | Temperature  Wnd WndSpd  Lapse Rate
ft MSL deg C deg F  Dir kt m/s  C/km F/kft | deg C deg F  Dir kt m/s  C/km F/kft
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 50000 -52.8 -63.0  275  20 10   3.0   1.7 | -52.7 -62.9  270  17  9   3.7   2.0
 45000 -48.2 -54.8  270  27 14   3.0   1.6 | -47.1 -52.8  265  25 13   3.6   2.0
 40000 -45.9 -50.6  275  30 15   1.3   0.7 | -45.9 -50.6  265  28 14   0.4   0.2
 38000 -45.3 -49.5  275  31 16  -0.4  -0.2 | -45.7 -50.3  260  29 15   0.3   0.2
 36000 -45.5 -49.9  270  33 17  -0.3  -0.2 | -45.5 -49.9  260  27 14   0.3   0.2
 34000 -45.7 -50.3  270  35 18  -0.3  -0.2 | -45.3 -49.5  260  25 13   0.3   0.2
 32000 -45.9 -50.6  265  34 17  -0.4  -0.2 | -45.5 -49.9  255  21 11  -0.5  -0.3
 30000 -46.2 -51.2  265  32 16  -0.4  -0.2 | -45.8 -50.4  245  17  9  -0.5  -0.3
 29000 -46.0 -50.8  265  30 15   2.7   1.5 | -45.7 -50.3  240  14  7   2.0   1.1
 28000 -45.3 -49.5  265  27 14   2.4   1.3 | -45.0 -49.0  230  10  5   1.8   1.0
 27000 -44.4 -47.9  265  23 12   2.4   1.3 | -44.5 -48.1  210   7  3   1.8   1.0
 26000 -43.5 -46.3  265  21 11   5.2   2.8 | -43.8 -46.8  180   5  3   4.8   2.6
 25000 -41.8 -43.2  265  19 10   5.6   3.1 | -42.2 -44.0  165   5  2   5.6   3.1
 24000 -40.1 -40.2  265  17  9   5.6   3.1 | -40.5 -40.9  150   5  3   5.6   3.1
 23000 -38.4 -37.1  265  15  8   6.8   3.7 | -38.8 -37.8  135   5  3   6.5   3.6
 22000 -36.3 -33.3  265  15  8   7.1   3.9 | -36.7 -34.1  140   4  2   6.8   3.8
 21000 -34.2 -29.6  260  15  8   7.1   3.9 | -34.7 -30.5  150   3  1   6.9   3.8
 20000 -32.0 -25.6  260  16  8   7.6   4.2 | -32.5 -26.5  180   2  1   7.9   4.4
 19500 -30.9 -23.6  255  16  8   7.6   4.2 | -31.3 -24.3  205   2  1   7.9   4.3
 19000 -29.7 -21.5  255  16  8   7.6   4.2 | -30.2 -22.4  220   3  1   7.9   4.3
 18500 -28.6 -19.5  255  17  9   7.6   4.2 | -29.0 -20.2  230   4  2   7.9   4.3
 18000 -27.5 -17.5  255  17  9   7.5   4.1 | -27.8 -18.0  235   4  2   7.7   4.2
 17500 -26.4 -15.5  255  17  9   7.1   3.9 | -26.7 -16.1  235   5  3   6.8   3.7
 17000 -25.3 -13.5  250  16  8   7.1   3.9 | -25.7 -14.3  235   6  3   6.8   3.7
 16500 -24.2 -11.6  250  16  8   7.6   4.2 | -24.7 -12.5  235   7  4   7.7   4.2
 16000 -23.1  -9.6  250  16  8   7.6   4.2 | -23.5 -10.3  235   9  5   7.7   4.2
 15500 -22.0  -7.6  250  15  8   7.7   4.3 | -22.4  -8.3  235  10  5   8.1   4.4
 15000 -20.8  -5.4  250  15  7   7.8   4.3 | -21.2  -6.2  235  11  6   8.3   4.5
 14500 -19.7  -3.5  250  14  7   7.8   4.3 | -19.9  -3.8  235  11  6   8.5   4.7
 14000 -18.5  -1.3  250  13  7   7.8   4.3 | -18.6  -1.5  235  11  6   8.8   4.8
 13500 -17.3   0.9  250  13  7   7.6   4.2 | -16.7   1.9  240  10  5   8.5   4.7
 13000 -15.7   3.7  255  11  6   7.3   4.0 | -15.4   4.3  245   9  5   8.5   4.7
 12500 -14.7   5.5  260  10  5   7.2   4.0 | -14.2   6.4  250   8  4   8.3   4.6
 12000 -13.6   7.5  260   8  4   7.3   4.0 | -12.9   8.8  255   7  4   8.3   4.6
 11500 -12.6   9.3  265   7  3   6.6   3.6 | -11.8  10.8  260   6  3   7.4   4.1
 11000 -11.6  11.1  275   5  2   6.5   3.6 | -10.7  12.7  270   6  3   7.3   4.0
 10500 -10.6  12.9  285   3  2   7.5   4.1 |  -9.6  14.7  275   5  3   7.4   4.1
 10250 -10.1  13.8  290   3  1   7.5   4.1 |  -9.0  15.8  280   5  3   7.5   4.1
 10000  -9.5  14.9  300   2  1   8.4   4.6 |  -8.5  16.7  285   5  3   8.4   4.6
  9750  -8.9  16.0  305   2  1   9.0   4.9 |  -7.8  18.0  285   5  3   8.5   4.7
  9500  -8.2  17.2  310   2  1   8.6   4.7 |  -7.3  18.9  290   5  3   7.8   4.3
  9250  -7.6  18.3  315   2  1   8.7   4.8 |  -6.7  19.9  290   5  3   8.4   4.6
  9000  -6.9  19.6  320   2  1   8.6   4.7 |  -6.1  21.0  290   6  3   6.6   3.6
  8750  -6.3  20.7  325   2  1   8.0   4.4 |  -5.6  21.9  290   6  3   7.8   4.3
  8500  -5.7  21.7  320   2  1   7.9   4.3 |  -4.9  23.2  290   6  3  10.7   5.9
  8250  -5.2  22.6  320   2  1   7.4   4.0 |  -4.2  24.4  290   6  3   9.6   5.2
  8000  -4.6  23.7  315   3  1   9.4   5.2 |  -3.4  25.9  290   6  3  11.3   6.2
  7750  -3.9  25.0  305   3  2   8.9   4.9 |  -2.5  27.5  285   6  3  10.8   5.9
  7500  -3.4  25.9  300   4  2   6.2   3.4 |  -1.8  28.8  285   6  3   8.9   4.9
  7250  -2.9  26.8  295   4  2   7.3   4.0 |  -1.1  30.0  285   6  3   9.6   5.2
  7000  -2.2  28.0  290   4  2   9.8   5.4 |  -0.4  31.3  285   6  3  10.5   5.7
  6750  -1.5  29.3  285   4  2  10.4   5.7 |   0.4  32.7  285   6  3  10.9   6.0
  6500  -0.8  30.6  285   4  2   8.7   4.8 |   1.2  34.2  285   6  3  10.5   5.8
  6250  -0.1  31.8  280   4  2  10.6   5.8 |   2.0  35.6  285   6  3  11.0   6.0
  6000   0.8  33.4  280   4  2  12.0   6.6 |   2.9  37.2  280   6  3  11.5   6.3
  5750   1.6  34.9  280   4  2   9.8   5.4 |   3.7  38.7  280   6  3   9.9   5.4
  5500   2.3  36.1  275   4  2  10.1   5.6 |   4.5  40.1  280   6  3  13.0   7.1
  5250   3.2  37.8  280   4  2  14.4   7.9 |   5.8  42.4  280   6  3  23.8  13.1
  5000     M     M    M   M  M     M     M |     M     M    M   M  M     M     M

           04/28/2017 at 1500 MDT          |       04/28/2017 at 1800 MDT
                                           |
K index... +8.2  LI... +1.0                | K index... +4.8  LI... +0.7
CAPE... 0.0  CIN... 0.0                    | CAPE... +7.4  CIN... -9.8
                                           |
Height Temperature  Wnd WndSpd  Lapse Rate | Temperature  Wnd WndSpd  Lapse Rate
ft MSL deg C deg F  Dir kt m/s  C/km F/kft | deg C deg F  Dir kt m/s  C/km F/kft
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 50000 -52.6 -62.7  265  20 10   3.5   1.9 | -52.7 -62.9  275  21 11   2.8   1.6
 45000 -47.4 -53.3  260  26 13   3.4   1.9 | -48.5 -55.3  260  23 12   2.8   1.5
 40000 -46.0 -50.8  265  27 14   0.6   0.3 | -46.7 -52.1  260  20 10   0.9   0.5
 38000 -45.6 -50.1  265  26 14   0.3   0.2 | -46.2 -51.2  260  18  9   0.6   0.3
 36000 -45.4 -49.7  255  23 12   0.3   0.2 | -45.8 -50.4  250  17  9   0.6   0.4
 34000 -45.2 -49.4  245  21 11   0.3   0.2 | -45.4 -49.7  235  17  9   0.6   0.3
 32000 -45.6 -50.1  230  17  9  -0.9  -0.5 | -46.0 -50.8  215  15  8  -1.5  -0.8
 30000 -46.1 -51.0  205  14  7  -0.9  -0.5 | -46.8 -52.2  185  16  8  -1.4  -0.8
 29000 -46.0 -50.8  185  13  7   1.7   0.9 | -46.8 -52.2  170  20 10   1.5   0.8
 28000 -45.5 -49.9  170  13  7   1.8   1.0 | -46.3 -51.3  160  26 13   1.6   0.9
 27000 -44.9 -48.8  155  14  7   1.8   1.0 | -45.9 -50.6  155  32 16   1.5   0.8
 26000 -44.2 -47.6  145  16  8   5.6   3.1 | -45.0 -49.0  150  36 19   8.7   4.7
 25000 -42.4 -44.3  140  17  9   6.1   3.3 | -42.5 -44.5  150  35 18   8.2   4.5
 24000 -40.6 -41.1  135  19 10   6.1   3.3 | -40.1 -40.2  145  34 17   8.2   4.5
 23000 -38.7 -37.7  130  20 10   7.4   4.0 | -37.7 -35.9  145  31 16   7.5   4.1
 22000 -36.4 -33.5  125  19 10   7.6   4.2 | -35.4 -31.7  145  26 13   7.5   4.1
 21000 -34.1 -29.4  125  17  9   7.6   4.2 | -33.2 -27.8  150  21 11   7.5   4.1
 20000 -31.9 -25.4  120  15  8   7.4   4.1 | -30.8 -23.4  145  16  8   8.2   4.5
 19500 -30.8 -23.4  125  14  7   7.4   4.1 | -29.6 -21.3  140  14  7   8.2   4.5
 19000 -29.7 -21.5  125  12  6   7.4   4.1 | -28.4 -19.1  130  12  6   8.2   4.5
 18500 -28.5 -19.3  125  11  5   7.4   4.1 | -27.2 -17.0  115  10  5   8.2   4.5
 18000 -27.4 -17.3  125   9  5   7.6   4.2 | -25.9 -14.6  100   9  5   8.2   4.5
 17500 -26.3 -15.3  130   8  4   8.0   4.4 | -24.7 -12.5  095   9  4   8.2   4.5
 17000 -25.1 -13.2  135   6  3   8.0   4.4 | -23.5 -10.3  085   8  4   8.2   4.5
 16500 -23.9 -11.0  145   5  3   8.1   4.5 | -22.3  -8.1  080   7  4   8.2   4.5
 16000 -22.7  -8.9  160   4  2   8.1   4.5 | -21.0  -5.8  075   7  4   8.2   4.5
 15500 -21.4  -6.5  180   4  2   8.8   4.8 | -19.8  -3.6  070   7  4   7.8   4.3
 15000 -20.1  -4.2  195   4  2   9.0   4.9 | -18.7  -1.7  065   7  4   7.8   4.3
 14500 -18.8  -1.8  210   4  2   9.1   5.0 | -17.5   0.5  060   7  4   7.8   4.3
 14000 -16.8   1.8  225   3  1   9.1   5.0 | -15.8   3.6  055   8  4   7.7   4.2
 13500 -15.4   4.3  240   2  1   8.5   4.7 | -14.6   5.7  055   8  4   8.1   4.5
 13000 -14.2   6.4  260   2  1   8.6   4.7 | -13.4   7.9  050   8  4   8.1   4.4
 12500 -12.9   8.8  285   2  1   7.8   4.3 | -12.2  10.0  045   8  4   8.1   4.5
 12000 -11.8  10.8  305   2  1   7.7   4.2 | -11.0  12.2  035   7  4   8.1   4.5
 11500 -10.6  12.9  310   3  1   8.3   4.5 |  -9.8  14.4  025   7  3   8.3   4.6
 11000  -9.4  15.1  310   3  2   8.4   4.6 |  -8.6  16.5  005   6  3   8.6   4.7
 10500  -8.2  17.2  310   4  2   7.5   4.1 |  -7.5  18.5  345   6  3   6.3   3.5
 10250  -7.6  18.3  305   4  2   7.7   4.2 |  -7.0  19.4  335   7  3   6.7   3.7
 10000  -7.0  19.4  305   5  2   8.3   4.5 |  -6.5  20.3  330   7  4   7.8   4.3
  9750  -6.3  20.7  305   5  3   9.2   5.1 |  -5.9  21.4  325   8  4   8.1   4.4
  9500  -5.6  21.9  300   5  3   9.5   5.2 |  -5.3  22.5  320   8  4   7.6   4.2
  9250  -4.9  23.2  300   5  3   9.9   5.4 |  -4.8  23.4  320   9  5   7.9   4.3
  9000  -4.2  24.4  300   6  3   8.2   4.5 |  -4.2  24.4  315  10  5   7.6   4.1
  8750  -3.7  25.3  300   6  3   8.2   4.5 |  -3.6  25.5  315  10  5   8.4   4.6
  8500  -3.0  26.6  300   6  3  10.3   5.6 |  -3.0  26.6  315  11  5   9.5   5.2
  8250  -2.3  27.9  295   6  3   8.9   4.9 |  -2.3  27.9  310  11  6   8.5   4.7
  8000  -1.5  29.3  295   6  3  12.2   6.7 |  -1.6  29.1  310  11  6  11.3   6.2
  7750  -0.5  31.1  295   6  3  11.8   6.5 |  -0.7  30.7  310  11  6  11.2   6.1
  7500   0.2  32.4  295   6  3   8.4   4.6 |  -0.0  32.0  310  11  6   8.3   4.6
  7250   0.8  33.4  290   6  3   9.3   5.1 |   0.6  33.1  310  11  6   9.3   5.1
  7000   1.6  34.9  290   6  3  10.0   5.5 |   1.4  34.5  310  11  6  10.3   5.7
  6750   2.3  36.1  290   6  3  10.7   5.9 |   2.2  36.0  305  11  6  10.3   5.7
  6500   3.1  37.6  290   6  3  10.4   5.7 |   2.9  37.2  305  11  6   9.5   5.2
  6250   3.9  39.0  290   6  3  11.0   6.0 |   3.6  38.5  305  11  6  10.6   5.8
  6000   4.8  40.6  285   6  3  11.8   6.5 |   4.5  40.1  305  11  6  11.5   6.3
  5750   5.6  42.1  285   6  3  10.4   5.7 |   5.3  41.5  305  11  6  10.3   5.6
  5500   6.4  43.5  285   6  3  12.7   7.0 |   6.0  42.8  300  10  5  10.9   6.0
  5250   7.7  45.9  285   6  3  22.3  12.2 |   7.0  44.6  305  10  5  14.6   8.0
  5000     M     M    M   M  M     M     M |     M     M    M   M  M     M     M
________________________________________________________________________________

This product is issued twice per day, once by approximately 0630 MST/0730 MDT
(1330 UTC) and again by approximately 1830 MST/1930 MDT (0130 UTC).  It is not
continuously monitored nor updated after its initial issuance.

The information contained herein is based on rawinsonde observation and/or
numerical weather prediction model data taken at Walker Field in Grand
Junction, Colorado at

                   North Latitude:  39 deg 07 min 00.001 sec
                   West Longitude: 108 deg 31 min 59.998 sec
                   Elevation: 4839 feet (1475 meters)

and may not be representative of other areas along the Western Slope of
Colorado.  Note that some elevations in numerical weather prediction models
differ from actual station elevations, which can lead to data which appear
to be below ground.  Erroneous data such as these should not be used.

The content and format of this report as well as the issuance times are subject
to change without prior notice.  Comments and suggestions are welcome and should
be directed to one of the addresses or phone numbers shown at the bottom of this
page.  To expedite a response to comments, be sure to mention your interest in
the soaring forecast.

DEFINITIONS:

CAPE (Convective Available Potential Energy) - An integrated measure of the
     energy available for convective development, also known as the positive
     area on a thermodynamic diagram.  Units are Joules per kilogram.  Larger
     values are indicative of greater instability and the possibility of
     stronger convective activity, including thunderstorms.  Values around or
     greater than 1000 suggest the possibility of severe weather should
     convective activity develop.

CIN (Convective Inhibition) - An integrated measure of the amount of energy
     needed to initiate convective activity, also known as the negative area on
     a thermodynamic diagram.  Units are Joules per kilogram.  The more negative
     this number, the more energy is required to initiate convection.  This
     inhibitive energy can be overcome through surface heating, cooling aloft,
     lifting mechanisms (orographic, frontal, gravity waves, etc.)

Convective Condensation Level - The height to which an air parcel possessing the
     average saturation mixing ratio in the lowest 4000 feet of the airmass,
     if heated sufficiently from below, will rise dry adiabatically until it
     just becomes saturated.  It estimates the base of cumulus clouds that are
     produced by surface heating only.

Convection Temperature (ConvectionT) - The surface temperature required to make
     the airmass dry adiabatic up to the given level.  It can be considered a
     "trigger temperature" for that level.

Freezing Level - The height where the temperature is zero degrees Celsius.

Height of Stable Layer - The height (between 12,000 and 18,000 feet above
     mean sea level) where the smallest lapse rate exists.  The location and
     existence of this feature is important in the generation of mountain
     waves.

K Index - A measure of stability which combines the temperature difference
     between approximately 5,000 and 18,000 feet above the surface, the amount
     of moisture at approximately 5,000 feet above the surface, and a measure
     of the dryness at approximately 10,000 feet above the surface.  Larger
     positive numbers indicate more instability and a greater likelihood of
     thunderstorm development.  One interpretation of K index values regarding
     soaring in the western United States is given in WMO Technical Note 158
     and is reproduced in the following table:

          below -10    no or weak thermals
           -10 to 5    dry thermals or 1/8 cumulus with moderate thermals
            5 to 15    good soaring conditions
           15 to 20    good soaring conditions with occasional showers
           20 to 30    excellent soaring conditions, but increasing
                       probability of showers and thunderstorms
           above 30    more than 60 percent probability of thunderstorms

Lapse Rate - The change with height of the temperature. Negative values indicate
     inversions.

Lifted Condensation Level - The height to which an air parcel possessing the
     average dew point in the lowest 4000 feet of the airmass and the forecast
     maximum temperature must be lifted dry adiabatically to attain saturation.

Lifted Index (LI) - The difference between the environmental temperature at a
     level approximately 18,000 feet above the surface and the temperature of
     an air parcel lifted dry adiabatically from the surface to its lifted
     condensation level and then pseudoadiabatically thereafter to this same
     level.  The parcel`s initial temperature is the forecast maximum
     temperature and its dew point is the average dew point in the lowest 4000
     feet of the airmass.  Negative values are indicative of instability with
     positive values showing stable conditions.

Lift Rate - An experimental estimate of the strength of thermals.  It is
     computed the same way as the maximum rate of lift but uses the actual
     level rather than the maximum height of thermals in the calculation.
     Also, none of the empirical adjustments based on cloudiness and K-index
     are applied to these calculations.

Maximum Height of Thermals - The height where the dry adiabat through the
     forecast maximum temperature intersects the environmental temperature.

Maximum Rate of Lift - An estimate of the maximum strength of thermals.  It
     is computed from an empirical formula which combines the expected maximum
     height of thermals with the difference in the environmental temperatures
     between the maximum height of thermals and the temperature 4,000 feet
     above the ground.  After this computation, further empirical adjustments
     are made based on the value of the K-index and the amount and opacity of
     middle and high level cloudiness expected between the time of trigger
     temperature and the time of overdevelopment.

Middle/High Clouds - The amount and opacity of middle (altostratus, altocumulus)
     or high (cirrus, cirrostratus, cirrocumulus) clouds.  Broken means that
     between 60% and 90% of the sky is covered by the cloud, with overcast
     conditions occurring when more than 90% of the sky is covered by the cloud.
     Thin implies that the clouds are predominantly transparent, meaning that
     some sunlight is reaching the ground, in contrast to opaque which suggests
     that little sunlight is reaching the ground.

Potential Height of Wave - The minimum of the following two heights:
     1. Level above the height of stable layer (or 14,000 feet if none exists)
        where the wind direction changes by 30 degrees or more
     2. Level above the height of stable layer (or 14,000 feet if none exists)
        where the wind speed no longer increases with height

PVA/NVA - Positive vorticity advection (PVA)/negative vorticity advection (NVA)
     on the 500 millibar isobaric surface (approximately 18,000 feet above mean
     sea level).  Weak PVA has been shown to assist in mountain wave soaring.

Soaring Window - The time between the time the trigger temperature is reached
                 and the time of overdevelopment.

Thermal Index - The difference between the environmental temperature and the
     temperature at a particular level determined by following the dry adiabat
     through the forecast maximum temperature up to that level.  Negative values
     are indicative of thermal lift.

Thermal Soaring Index - An adjective rating (for sailplanes) based on the
     computed maximum rate of lift, and the wind speed and middle and high
     cloud cover expected during the soaring window (the time of the trigger
     temperature and the time of overdevelopment) according to the following:

                 Maximum rate of lift        Adjective Rating
                      >= 800 fpm                 Excellent
                 >= 400 and < 800 fpm              Good
                 >= 200 and < 400 fpm              Fair
                       < 200 fpm                   Poor

Time of Overdevelopment - The time one or more of the following phenomena,
     which essentially shut off thermal lift, is expected to occur:
     1. formation of broken to overcast convective cloud cover
     2. formation of scattered to numerous downbursts
     3. initiation of widespread precipitation

Time of Trigger Temperature - The time the surface temperature is expected to
     reach the trigger temperature.

Trigger Temperature - The surface temperature required to make the first 4000
     feet of the atmosphere dry adiabatic.

Wave Soaring Index - An empirical, adjective rating (for sailplanes) which
     attempts to combine a variety of phenomena important in mountain wave
     soaring into a single index number.  Objective points are assigned to
     these phenomena: wind speed and direction at 14,000 ft MSL, the static
     stability in the 12,000-18,000 ft MSL layer, the wind speed gradient above
     the stable layer, jet stream location and frontal and upper trough
     movements.

042613


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