Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Grand Rapids, MI

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FXUS63 KGRR 080829
AFDGRR

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Grand Rapids MI
330 AM EST Thu Dec 8 2016

LATEST UPDATE...
Synopsis/Short Term/Long Term/Marine

.SYNOPSIS...
Issued at 330 AM EST Thu Dec 8 2016

Cold air continues to spill out of Canada and flow over the lakes.
The result has been a slow increase in lake effect snow showers.
We`ll begin to see accumulating snow later today, especially west of
US 131. Gusty winds will result in some blowing snow too. Snow
showers will continue into the weekend. Several inches of snow to
over a foot is possible across portions of Southwest Lower Michigan
through Sunday.

&&

.SHORT TERM...(Today through Saturday)
Issued at 330 AM EST Thu Dec 8 2016

Forecast concerns deal with the ongoing lake effect snow and current
headlines. Made a few minor tweaks to the grids, otherwise the
forecast is unfolding as expected...albeit a bit slower.

Local radar has shown an increase in echos since 6z. This
corresponds to an increase in boundary layer moisture that has moved
south into the cwa. Boundary layer winds are still fairly strong and
so we`re seeing a shotgun approach to the snow showers and this will
likely be the case through the first half of the day. Additionally,
omega profiles show much of the lift today aob the dgz which should
result in small flake size and not quite as much potential. The
strong lift will arrive tonight and omega profiles south and west of
Grand Rapids show a bulls eye within the dgz from AZO west to LWA.
Look for lake effect snow intensity to increase over the southwest
cwa tonight. Low level winds become northwesterly tonight and that
favors the southwest cwa for snow.

Winds back to the west Friday and the snow should start to spread
inland again. Deep layer moisture remains high through Friday night
so the snow will continue. That said, a lot of the lift is just
below the dgz which will hold down accums a bit. Overall, several
inches of snow to over a foot is expected through Friday and perhaps
into Friday night with greatest amounts southwest of a Holland to
Kalamazoo line. We may need to extend the headlines a bit if the
current model trends continue.

.LONG TERM...(Saturday night through Wednesday)
Issued at 330 AM EST Thu Dec 8 2016

Multiple rounds of accumulating snow are possible in the long term
portion of the forecast, beginning Saturday night. Travel impacts
are likely Saturday night into early next week.

Synoptic snowfall is expected to spread into Lower Michigan Saturday
night via warm advection processes. 850 mb temps will warm from -15
C Saturday evening to around -8 C by late Sunday evening. Low
pressure develops in the Plains on Saturday and pushes east into the
Midwest Saturday night. Isentropic upglide and deep moisture in
place mean likely snowfall. The GFS features a saturated DGZ with
modest lift, but much greater Omega in the mid-levels above the DGZ.
It`s worth noting that the ECMWF features a weaker mid-level wave
and less favorable potential vorticity advection Saturday night.
This has some impact on the evolution of the system in the low
levels and resultant QPF. Despite the uncertainty in the details,
accumulating snowfall is likely. Blended QPF suggests the potential
for 3 to 6 inches of snow Saturday night and Sunday, in addition to
a potential boost from Lake Michigan. But take these amounts with a
grain of salt at this point.

Yet another wave of low pressure in the very active northern stream
of the jet will bring the potential for additional snowfall Sunday
night and Monday. Like the GFS, the latest ECMWF is stronger with
this second shortwave in the series. However, the GFS has a further
south track with the surface low and would just bring snow to the
southern forecast area. The ECMWF would suggest significant
additional snowfall for the entire forecast area. Will feature
roughly 40 PoPs for this event for now, with 50-60% across the
south.

An arctic front is forecast to push through late Tuesday and will
bring a very cold airmass into Michigan by mid-next week.

&&

.AVIATION...(For the 06Z TAFS through 06Z Thursday night)
Issued at 1251 AM EST Thu Dec 8 2016

MVFR ceilings and gusty west winds to 20-25 kts will continue
today. Fuel alternate ceilings are expected at MKG and GRR as
light lake-effect snow begins to develop. The heaviest lake-
effect snow showers are still expected at MKG and GRR after 12z
through roughly midday. IFR vsbys and possible brief LIFR vsbys
are expected in heavier bands. Toward 06z tonight, winds will
shift northwesterly, and heavy lake-effect snow bands will impact
AZO and BTL through Friday morning.


&&

.MARINE...
Issued at 330 AM EST Thu Dec 8 2016

Strong cold advection over the lake will result in high waves
through Friday night, even though winds will begin to diminish early
Friday. We extended the small craft advisory through Friday night.
Wind will gust to 30 knots today and perhaps tough gales, but the
duration of any gales will be short and so we opted not to increase
to a gale warning.

&&

.HYDROLOGY...
Issued at 1240 PM EST Wed Dec 7 2016

Rivers have stabilized with levels running flat or slightly
falling. We continue to see near to above normal conditions
throughout southwest Lower Michigan.

Multiple rounds of precipitation are expected over the next week,
coming in different modes (lake vs. synoptic). Much cooler
temperatures point to all snow, which would result in slow runoff.
The greatest amounts will stretch down the Lake Michigan
bordering counties, where synoptic and lake effect precipitation
will combine to result in weekly totals that could exceed one inch.
The synoptic system for the weekend will likely be the biggest
contributor for inland locations, but still has many questions
with it.

Flooding is currently not a high concern. However, high river
levels will respond quickly to any runoff and should be given
extra attention, provided any significant storms impact the area.

&&

.GRR WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
MI...Winter Storm Warning until 4 PM EST Friday for MIZ037-038-043-
     056-064-071-072.

     Winter Weather Advisory until 4 PM EST Friday for MIZ039-044-050-
     057-065-073.

LM...Small Craft Advisory until 7 AM EST Saturday for LMZ844>849.

&&

$$

SYNOPSIS...04
SHORT TERM...04
LONG TERM...EBW
AVIATION...EBW
HYDROLOGY...JAM
MARINE...04



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