Quantitative Precipitation Forecast
Issued by NWS

Current Version | Previous Version | Text Only | Print | Product List | Glossary On
Versions: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50
000 FXUS04 KWBC 191013 QPFPFD QUANTITATIVE PRECIPITATION FORECAST DISCUSSION NWS WEATHER PREDICTION CENTER COLLEGE PARK MD 511 AM EST FRI JAN 19 2018 FINAL DAY 1...DAY 2 AND DAY 3 QPF DISCUSSION VALID JAN 19/1200 UTC THRU JAN 22/1200 UTC REFERENCE AWIPS GRAPHICS UNDER...PRECIP ACCUM - 24HR DAY 1 PACIFIC NORTHWEST---GREAT BASIN---NORTHERN ROCKIES AN ELONGATED SOUTHWEST TO NORTHEAST ORIENTED MID TO UPPER TROF WILL BE PUSHING EAST SOUTHEASTWARD DAY 1 FROM THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST/NORTHERN ROCKIES INTO THE GREAT BASIN AND CALIFORNIA. THIS TROF WILL BE COMPRISED OF TWO COMPONENTS---A NORTHERN PORTION OF RELATIVELY WEAK HEIGHT FALLS THAT MOVED INLAND INTO THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST THURSDAY AND WILL CONTINUE TO PRESS EASTWARD INTO THE NORTHERN ROCKIES AND NORTHERN HIGH PLAINS DAY 1---WHILE ADDITIONAL UPSTREAM NORTHEAST PACIFIC HEIGHT FALLS WILL COMPRISE A FARTHER SOUTH COMPONENT---WHICH WILL AMPLIFY AS THE PRESS SOUTHEASTWARD INTO CENTRAL CALIFORNIA FRIDAY NIGHT. PW VALUES WILL REMAIN ABOVE AVERAGE AHEAD OF BOTH COMPONENTS OF THE ELONGATED TROF---SUPPORTING POTENTIAL FOR WIDESPREAD MODERATE PRECIP TOTALS FROM THE NORTHERN ROCKIES INTO THE GREAT BASIN--WITH MODEL CONSENSUS FOR THE GREATEST TOTALS FROM NORTHEAST NV---ACROSS WESTERN TO NORTHERN UT---FAR EASTERN ID INTO NORTHWEST WY WHERE THE STRONGEST RIGHT ENTRANCE REGION JET DYNAMICS WILL PASS OVER. MODERATE TO HEAVY SNOWS POSSIBLE ACROSS THESE AREAS. SEE THE LATEST QPFHSD FOR ADDITIONAL WINTER WEATHER INFORMATION. MORE PERSISTENT WESTERLY ONSHORE LOW LEVEL FLOW WILL IMPACT THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST THIS PERIOD---SUPPORTING MODERATE TO HEAVY PRECIP TOTALS FORM THE WASHINGTON-OREGON CASCADES---WEST TO THE FAR NORTHWEST CALIFORNIA COAST RANGE---OREGON COAST RANGE---NORTHWARD INTO THE OLYMPICS. EAST TX---WESTERN GULF COAST MID TO UPPER LEVEL TROFFING INITIALLY OVER SOUTH TX WILL REMAIN POSITIVELY TILTED DAY 1 AS IT PUSHES EASTWARD ALONG THE WESTERN GULF COAST AND INTO THE LOWER MS VALLEY. SHOWERY CONDITIONS LIKELY AHEAD OF THIS TROF--AFFECTING AREAS FROM EAST AND SOUTH TEXAS AND ALONG THE WESTERN GULF COAST. MODEL CONSENSUS IS FOR THE HEAVIEST PRECIP POTENTIAL TO BE OFFSHORE WHERE THE STRONGEST UPPER DIFFLUENCE AHEAD OF THE POSITIVELY TILTED TROF WILL PERSIST. COASTAL AREAS OF TX MAY BE IMPACTED BY .25-50"+ AMOUNTS---WITH LIGHTER TOTALS NORTHWARD INTO EASTERN TX AND HEAVIER TOTALS OFFSHORE. SOUTHEAST CANADA INTO NORTHERN NEW ENGLAND STRONG SHORTWAVE ENERGY EXPECTED TO PUSH EASTWARD ALONG THE U.S./CANADIAN BORDER FROM THE NORTHERN PLAINS/UPPER MS VALLEY---UPPER LAKES AND INTO NORTHERN NY STATE/NORTHERN NEW ENGLAND. THE ASSOCIATED SURFACE LOW WILL REMAIN WELL NORTH OF THE U.S./CANADIAN BORDER ACROSS NORTH CENTRAL ONTARIO AND NORTH CENTRAL QB. THIS SURFACE LOW TRACK WILL KEEP THE STRONGEST ISENTROPIC LIFT AND AXIS OF GREATEST PRECIP NORTH OF THE U.S. BORDER. THE SOUTHERN EDGE OF THIS PRECIP AREA MAY AFFECT FAR NORTHERN NY STATE AND NORTHERN NEW ENGLAND---WITH FAR NORTHERN MAINE HAVING THE BEST CHANCES OF ANY ACCUMULATING SNOWS THIS PERIOD. DAYS 2/3... ...WEST COAST/NORTHERN ROCKIES... A STRONG CLOSED MID LEVEL LOW WELL WEST OF BRITISH COLUMBIA ON DAY 2 APPROACHES THE COAST...EJECTING SHORT WAVE ENERGY THAT IMPACTS THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST AND NORTHERN ROCKIES. AS THE CLOSED LOW MOVES OVER THE NORTHERN TIP OF VANCOUVER ISLAND...STRONGER SHORT WAVE ENERGY TAPPING PACIFIC MOISTURE AFFECTS THE WEST COAST FROM CENTRAL CA TO WESTERN WA...RESULTING IN LOCALLY HEAVY QPF AMOUNTS. THERE WAS GENERALLY GOOD MODEL AGREEMENT WITH THE OVERALL SYNOPTIC SETUP...SO THE WPC QPF WAS BASED ON A BLEND OF THE 00Z ECWMF/GFS. DAY 2... A STRONG CLOSED MID LEVEL LOW SLOWLY APPROACHES THE BRITISH COLUMBIA COAST...AND SHORT WAVE ENERGY IS EJECTED ACROSS THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST... MAINLY DURING THE SECOND HALF OF THE PERIOD. AHEAD OF THE SHORT WAVE ENERGY (AND A SURFACE COLD FRONT NEARING THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST COAST)...A 50 TO 60 KNOT LOW LEVEL SOUTHWEST FLOW FOCUSES 0.75 INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR OVER WESTERN WA. THE UPSLOPE FLOW IS EXPECTED TO PRODUCE 1.00 TO 1.50 INCHES OF QPF OVER THE OLYMPIC RANGE IN WA...WITH LESSER AMOUNTS (CLOSE TO 0.25 INCHES) EXPECTED OVER THE BITTERROOT RANGE IN ID TOWARD 21/12Z. DAY 3... THE LONG WAVE TROUGH NEARS THE NORTHERN TIP OF VANCOUVER ISLAND DURING DAY 3. THE SHORT WAVE ENERGY EJECTED FROM THE MID LEVEL SYSTEM IMPACTS THE WEST COAST FROM CENTRAL CA INTO WA...MAINLY DURING THE FIRST HALF OF THE PERIOD. WHILE THE STRONGEST SHORT WAVE ENERGY IS EXPECTED ACROSS WA DURING DAY 3...THERE IS A MULTI MODEL SIGNAL THAT THE DEEPEST MOISTURE WILL AFFECT CENTRAL AND NORTHERN CA. A 35 TO 40 KNOT LOW LEVEL SOUTHWEST FLOW TRANSPORTS 0.75/1.00 INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER TO THE CENTRAL AND NORTHERN CA COASTAL RANGE...AND THERE IS A MULTI MODEL SIGNAL FOR 2.00 INCHES OF QPF HERE. BOTH THE 00Z ECMWF/GFS SHOWED 2.25/2.50 INCH QPF AMOUNTS STRETCHING FROM CENTRAL CA INTO SOUTHWEST OR...BUT IN DIFFERENT LOCATIONS. AFTER COLLABORATING WITH WFOS EKA/MFR...NO MARGINAL RISK WAS ISSUED FOR DAY 3 HERE. FURTHER NORTH...THE MOISTURE PLUME IS NOT QUITE AS DEEP AS FURTHER SOUTH...BUT THE STRONGER MID LEVEL FORCING AND UPSLOPE FLOW ARE EXPECTED TO MAKE THE MOST OF THE MOISTURE IN THE COLUMN. THERE WAS A MULTI MODEL SIGNAL FOR 2.00/2.50 INCHES OF QPF OVER THE THE OLYMPIC RAGE IN WA...WITH LESSER AMOUNTS (GENERALLY BETWEEN 1.00 AND 1.50 INCHES) EXPECTED OVER THE WA CASCADES. LOWER SNOW LEVEL SHOULD MITIGATE ANY FLASH FLOOD RISK IN THESE AREAS. HEAVY SNOWFALL IS EXPECTED ACROSS THE HIGHER TERRAIN DURING DAYS 2 AND 3. PLEASE REFER TO THE LATEST SUITE OF WPC WINTER WEATHER PRODUCTS FOR MORE INFORMATION. ...CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN ROCKIES/SOUTHWEST... A POSITIVELY TILTED LONG WAVE TROUGH OVER THE WESTERN GREAT BASIN EARLY ON DAY 2 MOVES TO NORTHERN NM/NORTHERN TX PANHANDLE BY THE END OF THE PERIOD. LIFT ASSOCIATED WITH THE LONG WAVE TROUGH AIDS IN DEEPENING SURFACE LOW PRESSURE OVER SOUTHEAST CO EARLY ON DAY 3...AND THE UPSLOPE FLOW RESULTS IN ADDITIONAL QPF DURING THIS PERIOD. THERE WAS GENERALLY GOOD MODEL AGREEMENT WITH THE OVERALL SYNOPTIC SETUP...SO THE WPC QPF WAS BASED PRIMARILY ON A BLEND OF THE 00Z ECMWF/GFS. DAY 2... ALONG AND AHEAD OF THE LONG WAVE TROUGH CROSSING THE CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN ROCKIES ON DAY 2...SURFACE LOW PRESSURE OVER SOUTHERN UT AND EASTERN CO FOCUS THE MOISTURE IN THE COLUMN IN THE DEVELOPING UPSLOPE FLOW. LOCAL 0.50 TO 1.00 INCH QPF AMOUNTS WERE PLACED OVER THE UINTA RANGE IN UT...THE SAN JUAN RANGE IN CO...AS WELL AS THE LARAMIE AND WIND RIVER RANGES IN WY. LESSER QPF AMOUNTS (GENERALLY BETWEEN 0.25 TO 0.50 INCHES) WERE SPREAD OVER MUCH OF THE WASATCH RANGE IN UT AND THE MOGOLLON RIM IN AZ. DAY 3... SURFACE LOW PRESSURE DEEPENS OVER EASTERN CO EARLY ON DAY 3 BEFORE IT TRACKS ACROSS THE CENTRAL PLAINS. THE UPSLOPE FLOW BEHIND THE DEPARTING LOW...COMBINED WITH LIFT FROM THE MID LEVEL SYSTEM EXITING THE CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN ROCKIES EARLY IN THE PERIOD...SHOULD BE SUFFICIENT TO PRODUCE AN AREAS OF 0.10 TO 0.25 INCHES OF QPF CROSS MUCH OF SOUTHEAST WY AND CO. LOCAL 0.25+ INCH AMOUNTS ARE POSSIBLE OVER NORTHEAST CO...WHERE THE UPSLOPE FLOW IS EXPECTED TO BE STRONGEST. HEAVY SNOWFALL IS POSSIBLE ACROSS THE HIGHER TERRAIN DURING DAYS 2. PLEASE REFER TO THE LATEST SUITE OF WPC WINTER WEATHER PRODUCTS FOR MORE INFORMATION. ...CENTRAL PLAINS INTO THE UPPER GREAT LAKES... A LONG WAVE TROUGH OVER SOUTHEAST CO/NORTHERN PANHANDLE OF TX CLOSES OFF OVER EASTERN KS DURING DAY 3 BEFORE REACHING THE SOUTHERN UPPER MS VALLEY BY THE END OF THE PERIOD. THE CLOSED LOW SUPPORTS SURFACE LOW PRESSURE TRACKING ALONG THE SAME PATH...AND LIFT ASSOCIATED WITH THE SURFACE AND MID LEVEL SYSTEMS COULD RESULT IN LOCALLY HEAVY QPF ACROSS THE UPPER MS VALLEY AND UPPER GREAT LAKES. THERE IS A FAIR AMOUNT OF SPREAD WITH THE TRACK OF THE SURFACE LOW...AS WELL AS THE PLACEMENT OF THE BEST MID LEVEL FORCING ACROSS THE UPPER MS VALLEY. IN AN ATTEMPT TO MITIGATE SOME OF THE DIFFERENCES...THE WPC QPF WAS BASED A BLEND OF THE 00Z ECMWF/GFS/UKMET. AS A LONG WAVE TROUGH OVER THE SOUTHERN ROCKIES EARLY ON DAY 3 CROSSES THE CENTRAL PLAINS...IT CLOSES OFF BEFORE TRUNDLING EAST OVER THE SOUTHERN UPPER MS VALLEY. LIFT FROM THE MID LEVEL SYSTEM SUPPORTS A DEEPENING SURFACE LOW TRACKING FROM EASTERN CO ACROSS EASTERN KS INTO SOUTHERN IL. THERE WAS A MULTI MODEL SIGNAL FOR MID LEVEL FRONTOGENETIC BANDING OF PRECIPITATION TO OCCUR NORTHWEST OF THE SURFACE LOW TRACK. AS MENTIONED EARLIER...THERE IS STILL A FAIR AMOUNT OF SPREAD CONCERNING WHERE THE BANDING MIGHT SET UP. AT THIS POINT...THE 00Z NAM APPEARS TO BE TOO FAR NORTH WITH THE BANDING OVER EXTENDING FROM EASTERN SD INTO CENTRAL MN (IN ROUGHLY THE SAME LOCATION AS THE 05Z NBM). THE 00Z ECMWF/GFS/UKMET APPEAR TO FORM A DECENT CONSENSUS FOR THE PLACEMENT OF THE BEST MID LEVEL FRONTOGENETIC FORCING...MAINLY BETWEEN 22/00Z AND 22/06Z. MODEL SOUNDINGS SHOWED SOME ELEVATED INSTABILITY OVER PORTIONS OF EASTERN NE INTO FAR SOUTHWEST MN (ON THE NORTHERN EDGE OF THE EXPECTED POSITION OF THE BEST MID LEVEL FORCING)...AND AN AXIS OF 0.50 TO 0.75 INCHES OF QPF WAS PLACED HERE. THIS MAXIMUM IS SURROUNDED BY A LARGE AREA OF 0.25 TO 0.50 INCHES OF QPF STRETCHING FROM MUCH OF NE INTO SOUTHEAST SD/SOUTHERN MN INTO SOUTHERN WI. SNOW AND ICE ARE POSSIBLE ACROSS MUCH OF THE REGION DURING DAY 3. PLEASE REFER TO THE LATEST SUITE OF WPC WINTER WEATHER PRODUCTS FOR MORE INFORMATION. ...SOUTHERN PLAINS/LOWER MS VALLEY INTO THE OH VALLEY... MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY DRAWN NORTHWARD FROM THE WESTERN GULF OF MEXICO BECOMES FOCUSED ON A COLD FRONT STRETCHING FROM THE OH VALLEY INTO THE SOUTHERN PLAINS/LOWER MS VALLEY...MAINLY DURING DAY 3. THERE IS SOME SPREAD ON THE PLACEMENT OF THE COLD FRONT...AND THE QPF MAXIMUM ASSOCIATED WITH CONVECTION WITH AND JUST AHEAD OF THE FRONT. IN AN ATTEMPT TO MITIGATE SOME OF THE TIMING DIFFERENCES...THE WPC QPF WAS BASED A BLEND OF THE 00Z ECMWF/GFS. AS SURFACE LOW PRESSURE TRACKS ACROSS THE CENTRAL PLAINS INTO THE UPPER MS VALLEY DURING DAY 3...ITS ASSOCIATED COLD FRONT EXTENDING ACROSS THE SOUTHERN PLAINS INTO MID MS VALLEY IS EXPECTED TO BE THE FOCUS FOR DEEPENING MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY. A 40 TO 50 KNOT LOW LEVEL SOUTHWEST FLOW TRANSPORTS 1.25 INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR FROM THE WEST GULF OF MEXICO ACROSS EASTERN TX INTO MUCH OF AR... SOUTHEAST MO INTO EASTERN IL. MODEL SOUNDINGS SHOWED 250-500 J/KG OF SBCAPE EXTENDING FROM EAST TX ACROSS LA...MAINLY DURING THE 22/00Z TO 22/06Z TIME FRAME. THE COMBINATION OF MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY SHOULD SUPPORTS LINES OF LOW TOPPED CONVECTION ALONG AND JUST AHEAD OF THE SURFACE COLD FRONT...WHICH IS EXPECTED TO REACH A POSITION FROM EASTERN IL INTO NORTHERN LA/NORTHERN MS BY THE END OF THE PERIOD. MODEL SOUNDINGS ALSO SHOWED STRONG 0-6 KM SHEAR...WHICH SHOULD SUPPORT ORGANIZED CONVECTION DURING THE BEST INSTABILITY. THERE WAS A MULTI MODEL SIGNAL FOR AXES OF 0.75 TO 1.25 INCHES OF QPF ACROSS THE ABOVEMENTIONED LOCATIONS...AND LOCALLY HIGHER AMOUNTS ARE POSSIBLE (AS SEEN IN THE 00Z SLOWER 00Z ECMWF SOLUTION...WHICH SHOULD POSTS OF 2.00 INCH QPF AMOUNTS EXTENDING ACROSS WESTERN AR). HOWEVER...THERE APPEARS TO BE ENOUGH DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE PROPAGATION VECTORS AND THE 850-300 MB MEAN WIND TO KEEP THE LINE AND CELLS MOVING. THREE HOUR FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE IN THESE AREAS IS GENERALLY ABOVE 2.50 INCHES...SO FOR NOW NO MARGINAL RISK WAS PLACED HERE. HOWEVER...IF THE TIMING AND PLACEMENT OF THE FRONT BECOMES BETTER RESOLVED...A MARGINAL RISK COULD BE NEEDED IN SUBSEQUENT FORECASTS. ...FL... LIFT ASSOCIATED WITH A LONG WAVE TROUGH CROSSING THE FL PENINSULA LATE ON DAY 2 INTO EARLY DAY 3 INTERACTS WITH DEEPENING MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY TO PRODUCE LOW TOPPED CONVECTION...MAINLY ACROSS SOUTH FL DURING DAYS 2 AND 3. THERE WAS GENERALLY GOOD MODEL AGREEMENT WITH THE PLACEMENT OF THE CONVECTION EACH DAY...SO THE WPC QPF WAS BASED ON A MULTI MODEL BLEND. DAY 2... AHEAD OF THE MID LEVEL LONG WAVE TROUGH...THE BEST INSTABILITY AND MOISTURE ARE EXPECTED OVER THE EASTERN GULF OF MEXICO. LOW TOPPED CONVECTION COULD PRODUCE AN AREA OF 0.10 TO 0.25 INCHES OF QPF ACROSS THE SOUTHERN THIRD OF THE FL PENINSULA...WITH THE HIGHER QPF AMOUNTS EXPECTED TO REMAIN OFF THE WEST COAST OF FL DURING DAY 2. DAY 3 ... THE BEST LIFT WITH THE MID LEVEL TROUGH OCCURS DURING THE FIRST PART OF DAY 3. DURING THAT TIME...A 15 KNOW LOW LEVEL EAST SOUTHEAST FLOW FOCUSES 1.25 INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER AND AND MARGINAL INSTABILITY AND OVER FAR SOUTHERN FL. LOCAL 0.25 TO 0.50 INCH QPF AMOUNTS ARE POSSIBLE SOUTH OF THE MIAMI METRO INTO THE FL KEYS. ORAVEC/HAYES GRAPHICS AVAILABLE ON THE WEB AT WWW.WPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/QPF/QPF2.SHTML 24HR QP VT 20/12Z 0.01 493611 498620 501629 504638 509648 512657 516668 519678 521686 523691 529713 530719 531723 533736 535767 536775 538781 539796 544822 547829 550838 553850 555854 555862 556869 557875 557892 557905 556919 555923 555930 555941 553948 551952 545948 541939 538929 526894 522884 519870 516860 515857 513856 510861 502862 499863 495861 493861 493865 493871 491875 491881 490888 490896 489901 489907 487917 484929 478947 476954 474957 474952 473923 474917 475910 478900 474877 470858 470851 471846 470838 469831 467819 466812 464807 461798 459788 457777 456771 455766 455761 456756 459745 461734 460721 458707 457701 456697 454685 454675 458654 461646 468639 472635 474630 480616 0.01 533201 532192 529182 526174 522168 517163 513168 505164 497162 496156 496146 494137 488132 484129 480127 475122 475115 476109 476102 475097 475091 474081 474074 476069 476059 474056 472058 465059 461055 459051 456049 452049 450050 445050 442052 439054 434054 427053 424061 423076 420079 417080 414079 409079 407081 405085 404093 400099 393105 389109 383113 371117 366121 364124 362129 360133 356137 355140 358144 366148 368152 369156 368163 367167 369174 374177 380175 384177 386180 390183 394182 406176 412173 417177 423176 427172 429169 428164 425157 426153 430156 435163 439171 440181 442190 443193 447195 452193 459187 464184 466180 469179 472179 475182 479188 484195 480200 473202 465206 460204 457209 450213 446214 442213 437213 433211 428206 425201 421200 418201 415201 416203 417206 420209 423210 424213 424216 422220 419225 417228 416223 417217 416213 410211 401206 393201 386195 380190 373184 370182 364180 357180 350182 347180 346176 343167 330161 317157 315166 317169 322170 331175 336182 338185 341186 343186 343189 345192 345198 347202 349203 353202 358203 364201 367200 371201 379205 383206 386208 392212 398217 401222 399226 396227 388225 382221 378216 370215 367213 363214 360218 362224 367230 373237 381242 394252 400256 408259 421257 434256 442256 450255 458254 466258 481268 488274 493279 498284 505290 508290 510287 512285 514280 517272 519265 518254 517245 514235 510226 505216 501207 501201 505200 511207 514214 520218 525219 530217 533201 0.01 455091 454086 454083 451081 448080 446080 443077 441079 440084 441086 442090 443092 447092 448092 452092 455091 0.01 452068 453066 452064 452063 451061 449061 447059 446060 446063 445065 446067 447069 448070 450070 452068 452068 0.01 445747 445742 442741 441744 439746 436747 434749 433754 433756 433761 434764 438765 441763 442759 443757 444753 444749 445747 0.01 348210 348209 346207 345206 343204 341203 340202 338201 338200 336200 336202 336203 337205 337206 338207 339208 340209 342209 344211 346210 348210 348210 0.01 230969 234976 238981 243986 248988 250987 262981 271983 279983 293985 299981 305975 309970 311968 315967 319969 322968 327967 330965 336962 341957 346951 348947 350943 348941 345938 341938 338936 334936 330938 325938 321939 317941 313941 309939 307936 306932 305926 304920 303916 303912 299906 294901 288904 282908 280911 275912 269916 263920 248925 244931 240938 235947 232955 230961 0.01 282800 280798 277798 274798 272797 268797 264798 261798 257799 257801 259802 261803 265803 268803 272802 276802 279801 282800 0.25 515269 517263 516258 515251 510234 503221 499214 495209 481207 474209 469211 457214 450216 444217 433220 429221 426223 427227 426231 419233 413233 407236 405238 404243 408247 414250 421251 428251 440249 455248 461249 468251 476255 481260 490271 499282 506284 509281 512274 515269 0.25 523195 523190 523187 519181 516177 510173 504171 501172 499175 501181 505187 508192 513197 516198 521197 523195 0.25 519750 519740 517732 515723 513715 510709 507705 503700 500693 498686 495680 491677 486674 480673 475676 473679 474684 474692 473708 471716 470719 471723 472730 474739 473756 472772 474783 475790 477797 480803 484807 486809 488808 494798 500795 505797 506790 506781 509766 510760 513756 519754 519750 0.25 502257 499248 496242 493235 489228 481225 477224 475225 481230 483233 488235 492241 496249 500256 502257 0.25 448116 450111 450106 450102 449100 442097 437098 429089 426088 426093 429099 429101 427103 423107 422110 420112 416112 412110 410105 407102 404109 399115 397120 392123 380128 377133 375139 375142 377146 380151 379160 381162 385162 390160 396158 401154 407154 408152 405150 406144 408135 410129 418120 423123 426124 429120 432116 438114 443117 448116 0.25 377196 378193 376191 371187 366184 360183 353184 349187 348194 352195 355188 362190 367192 373195 377196 0.25 334167 332166 330165 329165 328166 330168 332168 334167 0.25 291956 291946 289937 286931 283929 279927 272927 264928 252935 243944 235956 234960 234965 236968 239971 246973 252974 260974 268975 275977 282974 286969 289962 291956 0.50 514266 515258 513252 510241 498217 494214 489211 483209 478210 474211 469215 458216 443223 446225 449225 452224 455225 460229 461230 459231 450234 441237 437239 430238 423236 418236 414240 416246 420248 425248 435246 441244 447244 457244 467245 472246 477250 485258 497276 501280 504282 507280 507274 506266 499257 494248 492242 487238 484240 481235 478230 474230 470231 467231 464230 463228 465226 468222 473219 478220 488224 491228 493233 500244 505256 508266 512268 514266 0.50 446111 445109 444106 443106 442104 441104 439104 437104 436105 435107 436109 437110 438110 440111 442111 443112 445112 446111 0.50 400143 400141 399138 395138 393140 391140 390139 388140 386143 387146 388150 390152 392151 395149 397147 399145 400143 0.50 371190 369190 371190 371190 0.50 287956 287948 285941 282937 277935 271934 263934 258936 252939 245946 238955 237961 239966 244968 248969 252969 257968 263968 274973 279972 283966 287956 1.00 511260 510253 509246 506240 503234 500228 498222 494220 493225 493230 496236 499240 503246 505252 508258 511260 1.00 504276 504272 503268 500263 497257 494251 491245 488241 487241 485245 485251 488256 491261 494267 497272 502277 504276 1.00 478243 479241 479238 479237 478236 478234 476233 474233 473234 472236 472239 473241 475242 476243 478243 478243 1.00 459237 458236 457236 455236 453236 451236 449236 449237 449239 451240 452240 453240 454239 456239 458239 459237 1.00 282956 282951 280947 274945 266943 259941 253943 248947 243954 243960 250962 259962 268962 273963 277962 281957 282956 1.50 502272 501267 499263 496259 494254 492250 490245 487244 487249 489255 491258 494263 496267 499271 502272 1.50 506245 504241 503238 501235 500232 499230 498227 496224 495228 495231 496234 499237 501239 502241 505244 506245 1.50 265954 265950 263948 261947 257946 254946 252947 249950 248953 248956 250957 252958 255958 257958 261956 263956 265954 2.00 496262 496261 495259 494258 493256 493255 492253 492252 491250 491249 490250 490252 491255 491256 493258 493259 494260 495262 495263 496262 24HR QP VT 21/12Z 0.01 488613 494622 499630 505640 507647 509655 513665 514672 517678 519685 518693 519702 518708 519716 518721 516733 513740 512747 510752 508758 502777 498791 496804 494810 495815 492829 491836 487839 485840 483839 482837 480832 480828 479825 477811 475775 474768 474764 472762 465756 462753 462745 469736 471733 472729 470726 466725 462724 458729 453730 450731 449730 447724 441718 441713 444709 447704 450703 454703 461696 464690 464685 462681 458677 455675 451670 449663 448655 449642 453636 452627 0.01 450324 458324 462324 466322 474322 480324 484323 489320 496315 501309 507299 516280 520272 523259 524252 523247 519239 516229 512219 508211 506206 509201 518204 526210 531214 535216 538214 540208 538195 536191 534184 531178 530170 528164 525160 518154 513152 510151 508148 503146 501144 498143 489134 482128 474123 470123 468127 469135 471143 456137 450147 448153 447160 449166 449173 449179 445181 443186 446189 453192 456188 463183 470176 475175 481177 486181 488182 488187 482194 479198 475200 465205 460207 455208 447211 443212 440215 429220 423219 419216 415217 413220 411227 407230 403233 398236 390243 391251 387254 385259 377271 372280 369290 370293 374296 0.01 420313 418311 417310 415309 414309 412308 410308 408307 407306 405306 403305 402305 400304 398305 0.01 460915 460902 459892 458886 456884 453885 452891 453898 452906 452911 451917 450920 450925 450928 449932 448937 447942 447948 445954 445965 443976 440986 436995 430002 423008 417015 405023 397025 394026 391029 384049 381051 379050 375047 369047 365048 350052 342054 339055 335053 325053 317056 317063 320065 328062 328065 324068 318071 320078 320081 319084 316085 310085 305086 302089 304092 307100 305110 306114 309116 319117 327116 332117 336119 351132 354141 360147 360151 359156 359159 361162 367167 371168 375171 385177 388179 393179 396175 398170 401162 407157 411149 410145 409141 408129 407123 409119 419119 435114 441110 448107 453102 453097 451093 451090 454089 455083 452072 451067 451061 453047 454041 455036 456024 456010 458003 458999 459984 458977 458969 458955 459942 459927 459919 460915 0.01 450090 449088 447087 446085 444085 442085 441086 442087 444089 445090 447090 449091 450090 0.01 431911 431899 430885 427875 424871 421869 416870 413868 410866 408859 403834 402808 397798 395796 391794 386794 384797 380805 379816 383825 384837 384843 382848 369862 364867 360874 359879 360884 363885 367883 374878 377876 381878 384883 385890 386895 388897 396896 401895 404899 403907 402913 400922 398932 398945 398952 400956 405956 409954 410952 414950 420945 423940 424935 428924 431911 0.01 374225 373221 370217 369218 363217 354217 349216 345213 343209 341208 337211 336214 338223 340227 344231 350237 359240 365237 369234 372229 374225 0.01 359183 359181 356180 354182 352181 349185 347187 347189 347192 349192 351188 351186 355185 357185 359183 0.01 345178 344175 345169 343166 339166 337167 332166 325163 323160 318159 311158 314163 320169 328170 335169 338168 342171 344174 342177 343180 345178 345178 0.01 359938 360932 360927 359921 357916 355914 350914 342919 335923 330930 320931 317932 316930 312928 304925 303922 299920 288916 285908 283904 280904 275904 271906 255914 249919 245926 242934 240946 240968 243970 249970 259968 274963 283962 286966 288970 292977 293981 293987 293995 295998 299998 302994 310981 312977 316973 318969 321967 334956 339956 344954 352950 354949 357945 359938 0.01 334073 334071 333069 331069 329070 329072 331075 333074 334073 0.01 331075 329073 327072 326074 327075 329075 331075 0.01 291805 289787 287785 287779 285775 282775 275784 273791 266795 260793 256789 252782 247778 243774 241773 239775 239782 240786 240791 230783 227782 223783 221787 221790 223807 223811 225815 226825 228842 230848 232858 233864 237870 241871 246869 251867 260857 262855 265852 269847 275835 280830 283823 288815 291805 0.25 516272 518262 519252 517243 513234 507222 502216 496212 489209 483209 475209 469210 458216 456218 453223 450229 441236 441245 440256 434266 433270 430272 427276 426281 427289 429296 432303 437309 451317 458317 466315 486302 491299 495296 506287 511281 515276 516272 0.25 526193 525190 523187 521184 519181 518180 515178 511177 508176 508178 509182 511184 513187 515188 517190 520193 523194 526193 0.25 484138 482137 480137 479137 480138 482138 484138 484138 0.25 480162 479160 478159 477157 475156 474156 472156 470156 468156 467157 467158 466159 466160 468161 469162 469163 471163 473164 474164 476164 478163 480163 480162 0.25 451080 450075 447072 444067 442059 442052 444044 445042 445037 443031 439021 435022 430025 425030 420032 417032 415034 412040 414047 414054 412059 407063 401063 395065 384065 378064 373062 368061 366064 367068 369074 371081 373087 376093 380096 385094 388093 391095 393101 395107 391111 387113 383114 380113 372118 366118 359117 349109 344105 343103 339104 339108 341110 344114 353120 373134 376139 377144 380146 386146 393147 397144 389134 392130 395126 403119 414113 421106 426104 430103 439103 442102 444099 440093 436089 434083 437077 443075 451080 0.25 276937 277932 275928 270924 266924 261925 256929 252935 250942 249946 249952 251954 255955 261951 267947 273943 276937 0.50 516262 517255 515246 513239 510232 503222 498218 490214 484213 479213 476215 478218 485220 489224 490231 486233 480231 475230 470233 461242 458246 456256 454265 450272 449281 446290 445300 449306 458312 464310 469307 477301 483299 488296 506282 512274 516262 0.50 433071 434061 433054 430048 427047 424048 421053 419060 419067 420071 419076 420083 424088 428089 430085 431078 433071 0.50 413106 414101 414097 414093 412089 410089 408090 407093 405095 404098 402102 402104 402107 403111 405112 408112 410111 412108 413106 0.50 407072 405070 403069 401069 398070 396071 392073 392075 394076 396078 397078 401076 403075 404074 407072 0.50 396089 397087 397085 397083 397082 397083 396085 396087 396089 396090 396089 0.50 383079 383076 383075 383074 382072 382071 380070 378070 376069 375068 374068 374071 374072 374073 375075 375078 376080 377082 377083 379084 381083 382081 383079 383079 1.00 513261 514255 513251 510243 502230 500227 496225 494228 494236 494238 491239 487238 484238 478241 475241 473247 473256 470264 466271 464275 464279 468285 471287 475286 479282 485279 491278 498278 504277 507274 508270 511263 513261 1.50 505271 507267 506261 503255 500251 496246 492242 489240 486241 483247 482252 484260 486266 491269 497272 503273 505271 2.00 504268 504261 502256 499253 496249 494246 491242 488241 486244 486248 486255 488259 491263 494267 498269 501269 504268 3.00 501264 501262 501261 499259 499258 498256 497255 497254 495252 495251 494250 492249 491248 490250 490252 490254 490255 491257 492258 493259 494261 496262 497263 499264 500265 501264 4.00 496257 495256 494254 493253 493255 493256 495257 496257 496257 24HR QP VT 22/12Z 0.01 405307 416307 425305 434303 444302 453300 462298 471297 475296 481298 486301 491300 499297 503296 507293 514287 516283 533233 534220 535216 537215 538207 539199 538193 535179 530170 524162 509149 492139 485133 482132 479130 474128 471130 470135 460137 454137 451139 446142 441141 421142 416141 413144 408147 405151 402155 401160 399169 396175 397180 405186 414189 424191 423195 422197 417199 407199 402198 399196 393194 387191 377188 372190 372195 368205 365208 359207 354216 356227 358235 360242 361247 362259 361272 362281 364289 0.01 474920 474902 473882 472860 472848 471843 470840 469830 468826 467822 465805 461787 460783 458779 454774 452770 447768 441767 436768 409777 402778 396781 391786 389787 389792 388800 389806 391810 395823 397830 394835 390838 387843 386846 386852 381857 371864 361872 354876 352878 347879 336884 325888 320890 314892 303896 290900 279906 275908 270914 266919 264925 261931 259938 259947 260954 263958 267961 272963 273970 277976 279979 279983 285985 290990 290999 293004 296006 298004 302002 304995 308990 314986 319986 328982 334978 339976 361963 368954 379955 382963 382973 379984 376990 376994 374997 374003 372010 369017 364029 360036 360040 361043 363050 360051 358053 356058 357062 357067 362079 372085 376096 379101 383104 387105 389103 392101 396102 405094 407103 402107 388110 383114 380119 380124 386125 391124 394121 405117 421095 424096 427094 433094 433088 435084 438080 441079 446075 445072 442071 440069 438064 439055 441050 443047 444042 445035 449020 450015 451010 452000 453996 454989 454978 458961 463946 467935 474920 0.01 381060 381059 379058 377057 375056 374056 372056 370055 368057 368059 370061 371061 372062 373063 375063 377063 378062 379062 380061 381060 0.01 306793 306782 304775 302772 297766 290763 276755 270752 261751 253749 245747 236747 225749 217761 213767 210775 211785 214794 217803 219814 220824 221830 220833 221846 221851 223855 223859 225862 227864 233864 237859 243853 251839 255832 256828 261825 267822 273820 277822 282829 288835 291832 295824 299816 302808 305800 305795 306793 0.25 518268 520258 521248 519239 516230 513223 510216 506208 503206 498204 495203 494199 494196 495190 499183 501180 500174 498170 496168 488166 482160 475158 469155 464151 462153 462156 468160 475163 480170 483174 483178 484183 483191 480198 475202 470206 458210 451213 444213 431213 427214 424216 421217 418216 412212 402210 389203 384200 380198 376197 375199 378203 382207 388212 390216 387219 383219 374216 368217 366219 364224 364229 366233 369239 370248 373255 374264 376272 384282 386286 389289 393291 400289 404285 410281 416275 425267 437262 463258 470259 478262 484267 489273 494279 499282 503284 506284 513279 516274 518268 0.25 525193 525187 524184 522183 520180 518179 515177 513176 511175 508175 508178 509181 512184 514185 516187 518190 520191 523193 525193 0.25 458175 458172 457169 454167 452164 450163 447162 446165 446167 447172 448175 449179 450181 452180 454179 457177 458175 0.25 452947 453935 452922 451910 449905 446902 445896 445888 444881 441878 436870 434859 430838 424841 420840 416842 403852 391866 386870 379875 373880 364885 331899 324902 318906 304915 298923 293930 291933 290937 290943 292946 297951 300959 299967 302971 306973 314972 323969 331965 339961 345958 350953 363941 369934 374927 384911 396904 401902 406902 411908 417915 422920 425923 424928 424933 422938 415952 409959 404967 392007 391017 391024 393027 394033 392040 392043 394048 398048 401044 403042 405043 407046 410046 414045 421041 426035 430029 434020 436007 439997 443989 446979 450966 452947 0.25 429926 430923 429923 428921 428919 428916 427919 426921 427923 428924 429926 429926 0.25 254787 254778 253769 251763 245762 240766 237772 233784 231791 231798 231807 232816 233825 234834 236840 241837 248827 251822 253814 254800 254787 0.50 515267 517260 518252 515240 511228 506219 501212 492204 488202 483204 476209 469211 464211 460214 450216 440216 433218 429221 425225 421227 415225 409218 403214 400216 402217 406220 406223 403224 391225 382223 375222 371222 369224 369226 371232 373235 375241 378249 382253 384258 384266 386271 388273 391273 395273 428257 434253 444251 463251 468252 473254 482259 488262 492266 497273 503277 509276 513272 515267 0.50 491229 490229 489226 487225 486225 485225 485227 485228 487230 488231 490231 491229 0.50 454174 453171 451171 451173 451174 452175 454174 0.50 442954 442949 442944 437949 433954 429956 424955 418958 413963 409968 404975 403978 403982 405991 403998 402003 402007 406010 409010 416009 422006 428001 432996 435988 441971 442954 0.50 422886 422879 420874 416863 412860 408862 403864 400868 393874 386879 377885 369890 360893 351897 333907 326911 321915 319918 316924 315929 318932 322934 328935 332938 330941 315954 312956 310960 313964 317965 327963 336958 343953 350946 358940 361936 363932 365928 362924 356925 352926 347929 344930 344928 347923 354919 358920 363918 369916 373914 376910 378904 384900 394895 403891 407889 411889 419889 422886 0.50 248778 247771 245771 243773 240777 239782 236792 235797 234804 236811 239813 242818 239823 238828 240830 243827 246824 247818 245813 247802 247791 246786 247780 248778 1.00 512255 511243 508232 504223 501218 497214 494212 489210 481212 480216 485220 489223 492227 493232 494235 492237 486234 483231 478229 474230 467236 466240 471243 480249 496261 499264 502264 501257 499253 497250 496247 496243 499242 501247 506256 508258 510258 512255 1.00 472218 471216 470215 468216 466216 465216 464216 463217 462218 461219 460220 460222 462223 464223 465223 467222 469221 470220 471220 472218 1.00 465239 463237 462238 460237 459237 460238 461238 463239 465239 1.00 458239 456238 454238 456239 458239 458239 1.00 453240 453239 451238 449238 449239 449240 451240 452240 453240 1.00 433244 435240 434236 428236 416234 411235 406233 399231 392229 386228 383228 383231 383237 388242 392246 396250 396254 398255 404257 410257 415255 424250 429248 433244 1.00 363905 362904 360904 358904 357905 355905 355906 353906 351908 349908 348910 348912 350913 351913 353913 355912 357911 359910 360908 361907 362906 363905 1.00 354934 350933 346936 343939 340941 337943 334946 330949 332951 336949 339947 343944 346942 350938 353936 354934 1.50 508246 508238 506232 503226 500221 495217 490216 490219 492222 494228 496234 500240 503245 506247 508246 1.50 495251 494246 491242 487239 484237 480234 476232 473234 473240 476243 481246 485248 489251 494253 495251 1.50 420243 420242 420240 419240 417239 419240 420243 420243 1.50 415241 410239 405238 400236 393234 388231 387233 389236 392239 398243 401248 406251 411250 412245 414243 415241 2.00 506239 506237 506236 506234 505232 505231 504229 503228 502227 501226 499225 497225 497226 497229 498232 500235 501236 502238 504239 506240 506239 2.00 492248 491246 490246 488245 486245 486246 488247 489248 491248 492248 2.00 481242 482239 480238 479236 478236 477235 476235 475237 475238 477240 478241 480242 481242 2.00 399239 398238 396238 398239 399239 399239 $$

USA.gov is the U.S. government's official web portal to all federal, state and local government web resources and services.