Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Wakefield, VA

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000 FXUS61 KAKQ 020854 AFDAKQ Area Forecast Discussion National Weather Service Wakefield VA 354 AM EST Fri Dec 2 2016 .SYNOPSIS...
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High pressure slowly builds into the Mid Atlantic through Sunday. Low pressure passes south of the region Sunday night into Monday.
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&& .NEAR TERM /THROUGH TONIGHT/...
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Sfc high pressure continues to build across the region from the NW today and tonight. Quiet wx prevails under a mostly clear sky. Forecast highs today are in the mid 50s, which are near seasonal averages. Lows drop into the low/mid 30s tonight.
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&& .SHORT TERM /SATURDAY THROUGH SUNDAY/...
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Dry conditions will continue to prevail Saturday as wnw flow dominates across the region and CAA improves. Mainly clear with highs trending below normal in the upper 40s to low 50s. High pressure becomes centered over the Mid-Atlantic region Saturday night into Sunday. A split flow pattern develops aloft, with a srn stream system tracking into the Lower Mississippi Valley, and a nrn stream wave diving into the Great Lakes. This will result in dry conditions Saturday night, with a mostly clear sky Saturday evening, followed by increasing clouds later Saturday night, and then mostly cloudy by Sunday. Forecast lows Saturday night range from the upper 20s to low 30s inland to the mid/upper 30s for se coastal locations, with highs Sunday in the upper 40s to around 50.
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&& .LONG TERM /SUNDAY NIGHT THROUGH THURSDAY/... High pressure over the Mid Atlantic States will loosen its grip Sunday night. Mid level moisture will increase Sunday night and early Monday over the area. Support for precipitation is rather disorganized bur for now kept 30 percent POPs for light rain late Sunday night. Any precipitation should move quickly off to the southeast Monday morning. An upper level trough will move out of the southern Great Plains and form a surface low over the Lower Mississippi Valley Monday night. This low will northeast through the Tennessee Valley and emerge east of the mountains over Maryland or southern Pennsylvania. Chances for rain begin to develop from the southwest Monday night. There will be a good chance for rain across the area Tuesday with this system. A consensus of the models place a likelihood for rain on Tuesday. Models have had some difficulty with the timing of this system and five days out chose to go no higher than 50 percent POPs for now. A strong cold front moves through the area Thursday from the west and this will bring another chance for rain. High temperatures will start a bit below normal Monday and warm up slowly the rest of the week. Highs Monday 50 to 55 will range from the mid 50s to lower 60s by Thursday. Lows are forecast to range through the 30s Tuesday morning and in the upper 30s to mid 40s Thursday and Friday mornings. Following the cold front Thursday... somewhat colder temperatures are likely. && .AVIATION /08Z FRIDAY THROUGH TUESDAY/...
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High pressure settles across the Southeast States through the weekend with dry weather and VFR conditions anticipated. Winds generally w-nw aob 10kt...except along the immediate Ches Bay and Atlantic coasts (including the MD/VA Eastern Shore) where gusts around 20-25 kt are expected this aftn through early Sat evening. A shortwave pushes across the Southeast Sun night into Monday... increasing/thickening cloud cover and possibly bringing rain to the area from sw to ne. This timing may be delayed as this feature has a lot of dry, cool air to overcome/saturate. Meanwhile...a complex low pressure system pivots out of the Texarkana Region Monday night and tracks across the TN Valley on Tuesday. This feature will bring a better chance of rain and likely MVFR conditions to all TAF sites during this timeframe.
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&& .MARINE...
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Latest obs reflect NNW flow ~10-15 kt across the waters this morning. Still noting a few marginal SCA gusts at elevated sites, and did have a brief period of SCA force gusts earlier this morning in association with a brief tightening of pressure gradient as sfc low pressure drops across New England. Gradient will slacken a bit this morning and early this afternoon, allowing winds to diminish slightly this morning. Expect gradient will strengthen once again late today and tonight, allowing for a stronger, more persistent secondary (NW) surge tonight. H925 winds increase to 30-35kt overnight, and given strong lapse rates, a few gusts to low end gale are possible Saturday Morning over northern waters and even north of Windmill Point in the Ches Bay. However, given slackening gradient and winds aloft with departing New England low pressure and w/ V- Wind anomalies lingering no lower than ~ -1 Std. Dev Sat morning, a period of strong SCA conditions are favored over Gales, and thus gone directly to SCA flags. SCA has been issued for the Chesapeake Bay, Currituck Sound and the Atlantic Coastal waters for tonight into the aftn on Saturday. Winds remain offshore through the period, and have gone closer to wavewatch solution, building seas (4-6 ft) by Saturday morning over the coastal waters (2-3 ft Bay), highest seas out by 20 NM marker. Winds drop below SCA thresholds Saturday afternoon and night, as high pressure builds in from the w-sw. Winds diminish later Sunday and Monday, before a turn to an easterly component Tuesday ahead of a complex low pressure system that will lift northeast from the Lower Mississippi Valley. Seas may build to around 5 feet once again in the outer portion of the coastal waters around as early as Tuesday, potentially lasting through mid week.
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&& .AKQ WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
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MD...None. NC...None. VA...None. MARINE...Small Craft Advisory from 6 PM this evening to 7 AM EST Saturday for ANZ630>632-634. Small Craft Advisory from midnight tonight to noon EST Saturday for ANZ650-652.
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&& $$ SYNOPSIS...JDM NEAR TERM...JDM SHORT TERM...AJZ/JDM LONG TERM...LSA AVIATION...JDM MARINE...MAM

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