Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Boston, MA

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000 FXUS61 KBOX 031732 AFDBOX Area Forecast Discussion National Weather Service Taunton MA 1232 PM EST Sat Dec 3 2016 .SYNOPSIS... Low pressure over the maritimes will circulate a dry but chilly airmass into New England today on blustery northwest winds. Chilly and dry weather persist into Sunday. However, winds slacken as high pressure builds into the area from the west. A few brief snow or rain showers are possible Sunday night and Monday as a weak trough moves across the region. High pressure returns Monday night with mainly dry conditions into Tuesday. Low pressure off the mid Atlantic coast may bring some mixed light rain and/or snow into southern New England late Tuesday night into Wednesday night, though timing and track remain uncertain. A polar front crosses the region late next week resulting in a trend toward colder than normal temperatures. && .NEAR TERM /UNTIL 6 PM THIS EVENING/...
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1230 pm update...no major changes to the forecast. Continued cyclonic flow through which mid-level energy as seen in the latest water vapor satellite is stretching through the tight pressure gradient resulting in a local enhancement of the winds. The boundary layer well-mixed up to H8, should see drier air and faster winds mix down to the surface with the possibility of gusts up around 35 mph at times. Will see a reinforcing shot of colder air as well the passage of which will result in winds becoming more N. Clouds still an issue over the N/W high terrain, downsloping and clearing out over S/E portions of S New England. But with the more N trajectory of the winds, going to be contending with ocean- effect clouds and the slight chance of showery weather over the Outer Cape. Overall, a overall dry and seasonable day with breezy conditions which will make it feel a few to several degrees colder.
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&& .SHORT TERM /6 PM THIS EVENING THROUGH 6 PM SUNDAY/... Tonight... Cold air advection continues along with gusty northwest winds of 15 to 25 mph. However inland winds will drop off to less than 10 mph. Thus leaned toward the colder MOS guidance for low temperatures...20s for most locations...low 30s for the immediate coastline where winds will not decouple. Some cold advection strato-cu from time to time but dry weather will prevail. The only exception may be across the outer Cape as cold air advection on NNW winds will result in ocean effect clouds and snow showers. However hi res guid including the ARW and NMM keep the bulk of the ocean effect snow showers offshore as boundary layer winds may have enough westerly component...about 320 degs. Given this uncertainty will carry chance and slight chance pops for snow showers across the outer Cape. Sunday... Heights begin to rise a bit so probably more sunshine than today. However sunshine will be fairly ineffective given a cold airmass over the area and less blyr mixing as subsidence inversion lowers with approaching high pressure. Temps will be about 5 degs cooler than today with highs only in the upper 30s to lower 40s...mid 30s high terrain. These numbers are about 5 degs colder than normal. The good news these height rises will be accompanied by high pres building over the region. Thus pgradient will weaken resulting in winds not as gusty as today. && .LONG TERM /SUNDAY NIGHT THROUGH FRIDAY/... Highlights... * Temperatures running near to slightly below seasonal normals through midweek. * Low pressure looks slowly move across the Ohio Valley and mid Atlantic states, which may bring some mixed rain and/or snow into the region Tuesday night into Wednesday night, but confidence remains low. * A strong polar front approaches late next week, possibly bringing more unsettled conditions. Sunday night through Monday...Moderate confidence. A weak mid level short wave and associated surface reflection looks to bring a band of scattered rain and/or snow showers across the region during this timeframe. 00Z model suite in better agreement in holding on to band of light QPF amounts as it crosses. Low probability that there might be some light snow accumulations /0.5 inches or less/ mainly across the higher inland terrain late Sunday night into Monday morning. Precip should push offshore during Monday afternoon. Have kept low CHC POPs in the forecast. Monday night...Moderate confidence. Dry conditions and mostly clear skies prevail Monday night with surface high pressure centered over southern Quebec...and upper level ridging...being the main influence on our weather. Tuesday and Wednesday...Low confidence. Models showing a bit better continuity with next approaching system during this timeframe. High pres ridge pushes into Quebec, with southern extent bringing E-NE winds. Some model timing issues in place on how quickly the leading edge of the overrunning precip pushes into the region. Seems the latest GFS is bringing precip shield NE a bit faster than the GGEM and ECMWF. Looks like best chance for light rain and/or snow will occur Tuesday night and Wednesday as low pressure moves slowly up to mid Atlantic coast, associated with H5 short wave moving NE in the SW flow behind to exiting long wave ridge that crosses the region Tue night. Still uncertainty as to exact track of the mid Atlantic low pressure, as well as moisture field to the W of the region with the second low. Noting a rather strong cutoff H5 low S of Hudson Bay, which looks to be digging a deep long wave trough across the western Great Lakes and Mississippi valley. Also seeing arctic airmass diving SE out of western Canada and Alaska late Wed/Wed night. Light precip could linger through Wed night, depending upon track of the coastal low as well as developing system in the central U.S. Thursday and Friday...Low confidence. Models continue to signal development of H5 long wave trough with arctic airmass diving into the Plains states. Timing and track differences remain on the 00Z model runs, along with how the sensible weather evolves. At this point, looks like the coastal low swings across the region sometime Thu, with another front swinging out of the Ohio Valley late Thu night or Fri. Again, timing in question with how quickly the second front swings eastward. Have continued chance POPs for this forecast. && .AVIATION /18Z SATURDAY THROUGH THURSDAY/...
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Forecaster Confidence Levels... Low - less than 30 percent. Moderate - 30 to 60 percent. High - greater than 60 percent. Short Term /through Monday Night/...High confidence. Remainder of today... VFR. SCT-BKN low-end VFR cigs over N/W MA and CT high terrain as well as across the Outer Cape. Low risk MVFR. NW winds gusting as high as 35 kts with highest gusts over high terrain, coastline. Tonight... VFR. NW winds diminishing but initially blustery. Gusts up around 25 kts dampening. Cigs dissipating. Sunday... VFR. Mostly clear with light NW winds. Sunday Night into Monday... Mostly -SN with coastal -RA for the Monday morning push. Will see conditions deteriorate briefly around 9-15z to IFR with -SN as VSBY will most likely be impacted. Cigs mainly MVFR, IFR for the high terrain. W winds around 5 to 10 kts. Improving VFR beginning around 18z Monday. Monday Night... VFR. SKC. Light NW winds. KBOS TAF...Gusty NW winds continuing around 25 to 30 kts. Diminishing through the overnight period. KBDL TAF...Gusty NW winds continuing around 25 to 30 kts. Diminishing through the overnight period. Outlook /Tuesday through Wednesday/... Tuesday and Wednesday...Moderate confidence for overall trends, lower on exact timing. Should be mainly VFR Tuesday morning. May see MVFR CIGS/VSBYS move into central and western areas Tuesday afternoon in mainly -RA, but may see mixed precipitation across the interior. MVFR to local IFR CIGS/VSBYS possible Tue night into Wed with chance of -RA and/or -SN.
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&& .MARINE...
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Forecaster Confidence Levels. Low - less than 30 percent. Moderate - 30 to 60 percent. High - greater than 60 percent. Short Term /through Sunday/... 1230 pm update...No major changes. Forecast on track. Today... Expect W-NW winds gusting up to 25-30 kt. A few gusts to 35 kt possible, but subgale winds will be observed most of the time. Any ocean effect snow showers should remain well offshore. Tonight... NNW winds 20-25 kt. Given more northerly wind direction ocean effect snow showers will track closer to the coast especially just east of Cape Cod. Sunday... NNW winds 20-25 kt early but then diminishing as high pressure builds over the area. Any ocean effect snow showers across eastern MA waters early will diminish by afternoon. Outlook /Sunday Night through Wednesday/...Moderate confidence. Sunday night and Monday...Winds will remain below small craft criteria. Seas may briefly linger at around 5 ft on the outer waters E of Cape Cod 7 AM Update..., but should subside. Monday night through Tuesday night...Winds and seas remain below small craft criteria for most of the waters. NE winds shift to E and increase, gusting to around 20 kt Tuesday night across the southern outer waters. Wednesday...E winds will gusts to around 20 kt, possibly up to 25 kt on the southern outer waters. Seas forecast to build to 5-6 ft there as well.
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&& .BOX WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
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CT...None. MA...None. RI...None. MARINE...Small Craft Advisory until 10 AM EST Sunday for ANZ230>237-250- 251-254>256.
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&& $$ SYNOPSIS...Nocera/Sipprell/EVT NEAR TERM...Nocera/EVT SHORT TERM...Nocera LONG TERM...EVT AVIATION...Nocera/Sipprell/EVT MARINE...Nocera/EVT

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