Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Boston, MA

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000 FXUS61 KBOX 160800 AFDBOX Area Forecast Discussion National Weather Service Taunton MA 300 AM EST Sat Dec 16 2017 .SYNOPSIS...
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Blustery and cold conditions today with less wind Sunday as high pressure builds across the region. A weak warm front may bring some light snow Sunday night and mixed rain/snow Monday. Milder Tuesday ahead of a cold front, then blustery and colder Wednesday into Thursday. Turning milder again with a shower threat Friday as another cold front approaches from the west.
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&& .NEAR TERM /THROUGH TODAY/...
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Another northern stream shortwave drops south across New Eng this afternoon. Sunshine will give way to more clouds in the afternoon as area of low and mid level moisture moves into the region ahead of the shortwave. While most of the day will be dry, a few snow showers are possible, mainly in western New Eng where column moisture is a bit greater. The shortwave will also result in some gusty winds today and a reinforcement of the colder airmass with 850 mb temps holding around -12 to -13C. Highs will range from upper 20s to mid 30s. Gusts to 25-30 mph developing.
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&& .SHORT TERM /TONIGHT THROUGH 6 PM SUNDAY/...
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Tonight... Gusty winds will gradually diminish tonight as high pres approaches from the NW. Good drying moves in which will result in clearing skies although a few high clouds may move in from the SW. Another cold night with lows down into the single numbers in western MA where winds will decouple sooner, with mostly teens elsewhere. Sunday... High pres builds to the north resulting in light winds but a cold day as 925 mb temps around -8/-9C. With northerly winds and cold start to the day, temps will only recover to the mid 20s to lower 30s, mildest near the south coast. Expect lots of sunshine but high clouds will be increasing in the afternoon.
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&& .LONG TERM /SUNDAY NIGHT THROUGH FRIDAY/... */ Highlights... - Light wintry mix Sunday night into Monday, possibly into Tuesday - Ebb and flow for Wednesday into Thursday - Quick moving system Friday into Saturday - An eye on the holiday break, possible storm system */ Overview... Transitional pattern emerging with the increasing potential of mixed precipitation events. Whether the NW Pacific H5 ridge prevailing, or broken down by a series of mild, Pacific disturbances, accompanying jet streaks, the pump of milder air from the N Pacific to the Arctic persists all the way up through the stratosphere. Broad-scale higher heights building across the CONUS with time, cross polar flow and dominant region of low pressure / storm development push subtly E, aimed into E/NE N America however remaining stretched back W. The N Atlantic high building SW with higher heights, starting to see a La Nina type pattern emerge with dry and warm conditions building over the SE CONUS as cooler conditions are rocked back W, wrapping on the backside, sheared S by the polar jet through the preferred H5 trof pattern across N-Central America, however not as deep, more flat. Amplified, then break down, amplified, then break down, NW Pacific H5 ridge acts like a pump, broken down by a series of mid to upper level disturbances only to rebound due to the buckling traffic jam of weather, energy becoming sheared S, cutoff, a constant over the SW CONUS. Colder air sheared S in concert, cooler and wet pattern emerges over N-Central CONUS, but up against the prior mentioned SW building N Atlantic high, a SW to NE transitional zone emerges over the Central and E CONUS, with a sharp temperature gradient in the low to mid levels. It then becomes a focus on the depth / magnitude of individual waves, as to which side of the envelope S New England will reside with respect to mixed precipitation events as we go into the holiday week. N flow dominance of colder air is relaxing in the long term but not absent. Allowance of S warmer flow, over-running, threats / impacts associated with wintry mixes are forecast. Closely monitoring the Sunday night through Tuesday timeframe with a slow moving warm front N parent with weak ascent. Warm nose around H95 within moist low levels, a drizzly to light wintry mix of snow, sleet, freezing rain is possible. Could see similar impacts along a forecast warm front Thursday night into Friday. Threats and impacts discussed in detail, along with forecast thinking, below. */ Discussion... Sunday through Tuesday... Potential light wintry mix along a slow moving warm front lifting N. Broadly speaking over the forecast period, H95 warm-nose protrusion above which there`s indications of weak isentropic ascent along the 280-300K theta surfaces, possibly some weak convergent forcing along the nose of a H85-7 jet, all contributing to periods of weak roughly W-E frontogenetical banding around H7. Greatest forcing more than likely along the S/W facing slopes of high terrain with orographic tendencies. N/NE ageostrophic flow N/NE at first turning E maintains interior sub-freezing wet bulb temperatures especially over the high terrain. All throughout, BUFKIT soundings showing plenty of moisture within low-levels to act upon. ECens exhibits high probability of 0.01" in 24 hours from 0z Monday to 0z Wednesday prior to a sweeping cold front. Similar signals in GEFS/SREF plumes. More than likely the S/W slopes of high terrain under greater risk seeing a wintry mix of precipitation outcomes. Favoring the NAM trends with 2m wet bulb temperatures, retreating N to NE, leaning towards high-chance PoPs with light, drizzly outcomes with the wintry mix of initially flurries changing to freezing light rain / drizzle prior to rain Sunday night into roughly late Monday, the high terrain and NE MA seeing the changeover to plain late the latest. Snow to freezing rain subsequent of drying indications with drying occurring within the dendritic growth zone. Even with a trace of ice, WINTER WEATHER ADVISORIES required. Will note the possibility in the HAZARDOUS WEATHER OUTLOOK. Monitoring the strength and depth of the rather flat feature approaching late. If it can become more pronounced and exhibit a stronger S flow early on out ahead, could see more significant impacts, especially if it speeds up. Otherwise cold front sweeping through Tuesday night with some showery weather, cold air blasts right back in for midweek. Wednesday into Thursday... Ebb and flow. Cold blast Wednesday into Thursday morning with breezy NW winds. Rebound during Thursday with S flow. Dry throughout. Friday onward... Quick sweeping system. Warm front lifting on Friday with potential onset of wintry mix precipitation types. A mild rebound overnight prior to the cold front sweeping through Saturday. A dry forecast but the cold front stalling along the aforementioned SW building Atlantic high in the OVERVIEW section. Energy out of the SW CONUS acting upon, the potential for an ice storm over the SE CONUS and potentially on up the E coast exists as the cold front is slow to push out while taking on anafrontal characteristics. There`s still a lot of uncertainty, but can`t ignore the general synoptic pattern. && .AVIATION /07Z SATURDAY THROUGH WEDNESDAY/... Forecaster Confidence Levels... Low - less than 30 percent. Moderate - 30 to 60 percent. High - greater than 60 percent. Short Term /through Sunday/...High confidence. Through 12z...MVFR Cape/Islands will improve to VFR 07-08z as light snow ends, otherwise VFR rest of SNE. Today...VFR. Bkn cigs 050-080 developing in the afternoon. Low risk of a snow shower western MA/CT. West wind gusts to 25 kt developing. Tonight and Sunday...VFR with diminishing wind. KBOS Terminal...High confidence. KBDL Terminal...High confidence. Outlook /Sunday Night through Wednesday/... Sunday Night: Mainly VFR, with local MVFR possible. Chance SN, slight chance FZDZ. Monday: Mainly VFR, with areas MVFR possible. Chance SN, slight chance DZ, slight chance FZDZ. Monday Night: Mainly VFR, with local MVFR possible. Slight chance FZDZ. Tuesday: Mainly VFR, with local MVFR possible. Breezy. Chance DZ, slight chance FZDZ. Tuesday Night: VFR. Windy with local gusts to 30 kt. Chance RA, slight chance SN. Wednesday: VFR. Windy with gusts to 30 kt. && .MARINE...
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Forecaster Confidence Levels... Low - less than 30 percent. Moderate - 30 to 60 percent. High - greater than 60 percent. Short Term /through Sunday/...High confidence. Today and tonight... WNW gusts to 25-30 kt, with a few marginal gale force gusts near 35 kt possible over southern waters. Strong winds lingering into this evening before diminishing after midnight. SCA all waters. Sunday...Light NW winds with seas below SCA. Outlook /Sunday Night through Wednesday/... Sunday Night through Monday: Winds less than 25 kt. Chance of drizzle, chance of snow, slight chance of freezing drizzle. Monday Night: Winds less than 25 kt. Slight chance of drizzle, slight chance of freezing drizzle. Tuesday: Low risk for Small Craft Advisory winds with gusts up to 25 kt. Chance of drizzle, slight chance of freezing drizzle. Tuesday Night: Low risk for gale force winds with gusts up to 35 kt. Local rough seas. Chance of rain. Wednesday: Strong winds with gusts up to 35 kt. Areas of rough seas. Slight chance of rain.
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&& .BOX WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
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CT...None. MA...None. RI...None. MARINE...Small Craft Advisory until 1 AM EST Sunday for ANZ231>234. Small Craft Advisory from 9 AM this morning to 7 PM EST this evening for ANZ230-236. Small Craft Advisory until 3 AM EST Sunday for ANZ235-237-250. Small Craft Advisory from 6 AM this morning to 1 AM EST Sunday for ANZ251. Small Craft Advisory until 6 AM EST Sunday for ANZ254>256.
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&& $$ SYNOPSIS...KJC NEAR TERM...KJC SHORT TERM...KJC LONG TERM...Sipprell AVIATION...KJC/Sipprell MARINE...KJC/Sipprell

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