Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Boston, MA

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639 FXUS61 KBOX 291835 AFDBOX Area Forecast Discussion National Weather Service Taunton MA 235 PM EDT SUN MAY 29 2016 .SYNOPSIS...
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A backdoor cold front will trigger scattered showers or thunderstorms through early this evening. Bands of heavy rainfall and isolated thunderstorms are expected overnight into Memorial Day, especially closer to the South Coast. Dry conditions with warm afternoons follow Tuesday into Wednesday. Unsettled weather may return by the end of next week.
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&& .NEAR TERM /THROUGH TONIGHT/...
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* Scattered storms through late afternoon in western New England * Patchy dense fog tonight, esp near South Coast Southern and western edges of low cloud deck were steadily eroding this afternoon. Expect this to continue through late afternoon while some breaks begin to appear across eastern MA where low cloud deck will hold its own. It will begin to fill back in tonight as flow becomes more southerly. Increasing low level moisture should also bring patchy dense fog, especially near South Coast. We can already see low clouds/fog south of islands which was slowly heading north. Temperatures have certainly been a challenge with backdoor front essentially splitting SNE in half: Coolest temps were across NE MA where onshore flow was keeping readings in 50s, while it has soared to around 90 in greater Hartford. Airmass has destabilized in western New England this afternoon, where ML CAPES were approaching 1000-2000. While most of activity has developed under more favorable conditions in upstate NY, we have seen thunderstorms with potential to produce gusty winds, small hail, and brief downpours across Berkshires. We should see additional scattered showers/storms develop through late afternoon in MA, primarily west of Worcester Hills. Potential for organized severe weather remains low given very marginal 0-6km shear of 20-25kt and meager mid level lapse rates (less than 6C/km). Main hazards are brief downpours and lightning, and perhaps one or two storms that produce 40 mph gusts. * Bands of heavy rain arrive late tonight Our attention turns to the south later tonight as moisture from what was once Bonnie gets drawn northward as a cold front approaches from the west. Just about all guidance brings an area of showers and isolated thunderstorms into SNE after midnight from combination of an approaching short wave and on the nose of a low level jet. We should see these showers and isolated storms arrive roughly between 2 and 5 am.
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&& .SHORT TERM /MONDAY THROUGH MONDAY NIGHT/...
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* Localized flash flooding Memorial Day, esp near S Coast * Few storms possible Monday afternoon, mainly in W MA Although confidence in the exact location remains low, pattern favors locally heavy rainfall in parts of SNE Memorial Day due to remnants of tropical system combined with approaching front and strong low level jet offshore. Precipitable water values will climb to around 2 inches, which as noted previously is near record high levels for this time of year. This scenario could bring rainfall rates as high as 2-3 inches per hour in a few locations, possibly resulting in rapid urban flooding. 12z models and ensembles are showing greater potential for this to occur near the South Coast. However, it is likely that model resolution is not resolving these small-scale features very well at this time frame, so the location projected by the models may not be accurate. It is possible that axis of heavier rainfall sets up closer to northeast CT, Providence, and Boston or even ends up farther offshore south of Cape Cod and the Islands. We probably won`t know for sure until later tonight when we get within 12 hours of the heaviest rain. As a result, we will hold off on issuing any Flash Flood Watches at this time, since confidence is low. It does appear that the showers will end up focusing across southeast New England Monday afternoon, meaning there may be some drying (and brief clearing) across the interior. Should that occur, it`s possible that a few thunderstorms could reach western MA by evening. However, the threat for severe weather looks minimal given weak instability and shear expected to be in place. Cold front will move through the region Monday night, pushing any remaining showers offshore and ushering some drier air into SNE.
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&& .LONG TERM /TUESDAY THROUGH SATURDAY/...
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Highlights... * Lingering showers & thunderstorms SE MA & RI Mon Night * Mainly dry with above normal temperatures Tue/Wed * Unsettled weather may return toward next weekend Medium range models are in good agreement on the overall synoptic pattern. There are points of uncertainty, including how Tropical Storm Bonnie and her remnants interact with the pattern at large as well as the usual uncertainties further out in time. A mid-level ridge will move over southern New England Tuesday and then move offshore Wednesday. Mid-level troughing then moves into Quebec towards the end of the work week and starts influencing our weather with several shortwaves working around the base of the trough. This will result in more unsettled weather towards the end of the week. Tuesday and Wednesday...Mid-level ridge moves over southern New England. This will bring dry weather to much of the area. A dry cold front will move through southern New England Tuesday, resulting in a wind shift to the north. This is followed by a backdoor cold front on Wednesday. Temperatures will be above normal through both days. Thursday through Saturday...Mid-level trough moves into Quebec allowing several shortwaves rotating through the base of the trough to move through southern New England. This will result in periods of showers throughout this period. Thus have continued with chance PoPs through this period. Temperatures will be around or just below normal for much of the time.
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&& .AVIATION /18Z SUNDAY THROUGH FRIDAY/... Forecaster Confidence Levels. Low - less than 30 percent. Moderate - 30 to 60 percent. High - greater than 60 percent. Short Term /through Monday Night/...Moderate Confidence. Eastern MA and RI through this evening... IFR ceilings along E MA coast will continue to slowly lift and should improve to MVFR for a few hours this afternoon, except around Cape Ann where ceilings probably won`t improve much. VFR conditions elsewhere will persist through late afternoon, but an approaching fog bank from the south will quickly bring IFR and even LIFR to Cape Cod and the Islands toward sunset. Western/Central MA and northern CT through this evening... VFR will give way to scattered showers/storms, especially in western MA near the Berkshires through 23z. Storms may bring IFR visibilities for a brief time and possibly gusts to 35kt. All areas tonight, Monday, and Monday Night... IFR and even LIFR becomes widespread as bands of showers/isolated storms approach from the south. Activity should be more numerous 09z-18z Mon, especially closer to the South Coast, before it begins to push offshore later Mon. It is also possible that a few showers or storms reach western New England from eastern NY late Mon afternoon or evening, but confidence is low. KBOS TAF...Moderate confidence. Should see ceilings lift to MVFR for a few hours before IFR ceilings return around 00z Mon. KBDL TAF...High confidence. Any storms should remain well to the north and west, but an isolated storm is possible through 21z. Outlook /Tuesday through Thursday/... Tuesday and Wednesday...Moderate confidence. VFR. Thursday...Moderate confidence. Mainly VFR conditions expected. Increasing clouds with diminishing conditions through the night, particularly along the south coast. && .MARINE...
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Forecaster Confidence Levels. Low - less than 30 percent. Moderate - 30 to 60 percent. High - greater than 60 percent. Short Term /through Monday Night/...High confidence. Winds and seas should generally remain below small craft advisory thresholds through Monday, but seas may approach 5 ft on waters east of Cape Cod Monday afternoon. Main threat will be patchy dense fog this evening into Monday, mainly on the south coastal waters. Showers with heavy rain will reach all waters late tonight and last into Monday. We should see building seas to 5-7 ft Monday night on the south coastal waters, as swells from what was once Bonnie arrive in our area. Small craft advisories may be needed Outlook /Tuesday through Thursday/... Tuesday...Moderate confidence. Some uncertainty on wave heights with swell from Tropical Storm Bonnie potentially moving up into the coastal waters. At this point there is potential for 5 foot seas, especially on the outer waters. Southwesterly winds remain below 20 kts, shifting to the north Tuesday night. Wednesday...Moderate confidence. Northeasterly winds and seas will remain below Small Craft Advisory criteria. Thursday...Moderate confidence. Easterly winds and seas increase. Seas may rise above 5 feet, especially on the outer waters.
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&& .BOX WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES... CT...None. MA...None. RI...None. MARINE...None. && $$ SYNOPSIS...Belk/JWD NEAR TERM...JWD SHORT TERM...JWD LONG TERM...RLG AVIATION...Belk/JWD MARINE...Belk/JWD

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