Climatological Report (Monthly)
Issued by NWS Buffalo, NY

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000 CXUS51 KBUF 020216 CLMBUF CLIMATE REPORT NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE BUFFALO NY 851 AM EST SAT FEB 1 2014 ................................... ...THE BUFFALO NY CLIMATE SUMMARY FOR THE MONTH OF JANUARY 2014... CLIMATE NORMAL PERIOD 1981 TO 2010 CLIMATE RECORD PERIOD 1871 TO 2014 WEATHER OBSERVED NORMAL DEPART LAST YEAR`S VALUE DATE(S) VALUE FROM VALUE DATE(S) NORMAL ................................................................ TEMPERATURE (F) RECORD HIGH 72 01/25/1950 LOW -16 01/17/1982 HIGHEST 51 01/13 66 01/30 LOWEST -5 01/07 1 01/25 AVG. MAXIMUM 27.2 31.2 -4.0 37.1 AVG. MINIMUM 12.7 18.5 -5.8 23.0 MEAN 20.0 24.9 -4.9 30.0 DAYS MAX >= 90 0 0.0 0.0 0 DAYS MAX <= 32 20 17.0 3.0 10 DAYS MIN <= 32 29 27.4 1.6 26 DAYS MIN <= 0 4 1.8 2.2 0 PRECIPITATION (INCHES) RECORD MAXIMUM 6.88 1982 MINIMUM 0.89 1921 TOTALS 3.16 3.18 -0.02 2.50 DAYS >= .01 21 15 DAYS >= .10 10 5 DAYS >= .50 1 1 DAYS >= 1.00 0 0 GREATEST 24 HR. TOTAL 0.53 01/11 SNOWFALL (INCHES) RECORDS TOTAL 68.3 1977 TOTALS 42.4 25.3 17.1 6.2 SINCE 7/1 80.9 61.5 19.4 SNOWDEPTH AVG. 4 5 -1 2 DAYS >= 1.0 9 7.3 1.7 2 GREATEST SNOW DEPTH 10 01/08 TO 01/09 7 01/04 24 HR TOTAL 7.6 01/08 DEGREE_DAYS HEATING TOTAL 1389 1244 145 1077 SINCE 7/1 3847 3659 188 3238 COOLING TOTAL 0 0 0 0 SINCE 1/1 0 0 0 0 ......................................................... WIND (MPH) AVERAGE WIND SPEED 13.3 HIGHEST WIND SPEED/DIRECTION 46/220 HIGHEST GUST SPEED/DIRECTION 60/220 DATE 01/06 SKY COVER POSSIBLE SUNSHINE (PERCENT) 32 NUMBER OF DAYS FAIR 0 NUMBER OF DAYS PC 10 NUMBER OF DAYS CLOUDY 21 AVERAGE RH (PERCENT) 73 WEATHER CONDITIONS. NUMBER OF DAYS WITH THUNDERSTORM 0 MIXED PRECIP 1 HEAVY RAIN 0 RAIN 4 LIGHT RAIN 6 FREEZING RAIN 0 LT FREEZING RAIN 1 HAIL 0 HEAVY SNOW 4 SNOW 12 LIGHT SNOW 27 SLEET 0 FOG 27 FOG W/VIS <= 1/4 MILE 4 HAZE 12 - INDICATES NEGATIVE NUMBERS. R INDICATES RECORD WAS SET OR TIED. MM INDICATES DATA IS MISSING. T INDICATES TRACE AMOUNT. && ...ARCTIC CHILLS AND SNOW... JANUARY BEGAN WITH SEVERAL LAKE EFFECT AND SYNOPTIC SNOW EVENTS THAT BLANKETED WESTERN NEW YORK WITH A FRESH COVERING OF SNOW. MORE NOTABLE WERE THE ARCTIC AIRMASSES THAT BROUGHT BONE CHILLING COLD TO THE REGION...WHICH WHEN COMBINED WITH THE SNOWY MONTH MADE JANUARY 2014 A HARSH WINTER MONTH...ESPECIALLY WHEN COMPARED TO RECENT JANUARYS. THE AVERAGE TEMPERATURE OF 20.0F WAS NEARLY 5 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL...AND MADE FOR THE COLDEST MONTH IN 5 YEARS FOR BUFFALO NEW YORK. THE 20.0F AVERAGE TEMPERATURE FINISHED TIED FOR 26TH COLDEST IN THE 144 YEARS OF RECORD. WHEN COMPARED TO MORE RECENT JANUARYS THIS JANUARY WAS ABOUT 10 DEGREES COLDER (30.3F/2012, 30.0F/2013). THE FIRST WEEK STARTED COLD AS ARCTIC AIR SURGED ACROSS THE EASTERN US. WITHIN THIS AIRMASS THE THERMOMETER BOTTOMED OUT AT -5F DURING THE LATE MORNING OF JANUARY 7TH WHICH BROUGHT A NEW DAILY MINIMUM RECORD. THE SECOND WEEK...AND INTO THE START OF THE THIRD WEEK FEATURED TEMPERATURES THAT AVERAGED ABOVE NORMAL...INCLUDING 2 DAYS THAT REACHED INTO THE LOW 50S. A SECOND ROUND OF ARCTIC AIR THEN DROPPED SOUTHWARD WITH POLAR AIR AGAIN POURING OVER EASTERN NORTH AMERICA. THIS SENT WESTERN NEW YORK BACK INTO THE DEEP FREEZE WITH FRIGID AIR AND DANGEROUSLY LOW WIND CHILLS TO CLOSE OUT THE SECOND HALF OF THE MONTH. ONLY A LATE WARM UP ON THE 31ST BROUGHT TEMPERATURES BACK ABOVE NORMAL. PRECIPITATION WAS NORMAL WITH 3.16 INCHES OF RAINFALL AND MELTED SNOW RECORDED. RAIN FELL ON THE 5TH AS WELL AS THE 11TH THROUGH THE 14TH OF THE MONTH. SNOWFALL WAS FREQUENT FOR THIS MONTH WITH 42.4 INCHES RECORDED. THIS IS THE 12TH MOST AMOUNT OF SNOW RECORDED IN BUFFALO`S 129 YEARS OF SNOW RECORDS. HALF OF THE SNOW FELL IN THE FIRST WEEK OF THE MONTH. THERE WAS ONE DAILY RECORD SNOW EVENT...THE 7.6 INCHES OF SNOW THAT FELL ON THE 8TH BROKE THE OLD RECORD FOR THE DATE (1942) BY AN INCH. THERE WERE 20 DAYS OF MEASURABLE SNOWFALL WITH 4 OF THESE DAYS MEASURING 4 INCHES OR MORE. OTHERWISE SNOW IN BUFFALO WAS OUR TYPICAL NICKLE AND DIME AMOUNTS...THAT ADDED UP TO SNOW TOTALS ABOUT 17 INCHES ABOVE NORMAL. JANUARY BEGAN WITH AN ONGOING LAKE EFFECT SNOW EVENT...THAT WAS QUICKLY FOLLOWED BY SYNOPTIC SNOWS AS A STORM SYSTEM PASSED BY TO OUR SOUTH. AFTER SEVERAL QUIET AND TRANQUIL DAYS A RARE EVENT BEGAN TO UNFOLD IN BUFFALO. EARLY ON THE 6TH A STRONG COLD FRONT CROSSED WESTERN NEW YORK...TAKING TEMPERATURES FROM THE LOW 40S TO DOWN BELOW THE FREEZING MARK BEFORE SUNRISE. A GUSTY...COLD WESTERLY WIND SENT TEMPERATURES PLUMMETING THROUGH THE DAY INTO THE LOW SINGLE DIGITS. LATER IN THE DAY LAKE EFFECT SNOW ORGANIZED AND BEGAN TO FALL ACROSS WESTERN NEW YORK AND WITH THE HOWLING WINDS BLIZZARD CONDITIONS OCCURRED ACROSS ERIE COUNTY AND INLAND ACROSS WYOMING AND GENESEE COUNTIES. BLIZZARD WARNINGS WERE ISSUED FOR ERIE COUNTY...THE FIRST BLIZZARD WARNINGS FOR THE COUNTY SINCE MARCH 1993. PARALYZING CONDITIONS OF FALLING SNOW AND BLOWING SNOW CONTINUED THROUGH THE 7TH...AND NOT UNTIL THE EARLY MORNING HOURS OF WEDNESDAY THE 8TH DID THE WINDS RELAX ENOUGH TO ALLOW FOR SOME IMPROVEMENT IN VISIBILITIES. SNOWFALL FOR THIS 3-DAY EVENT TOTALED 17.6 INCHES AT THE BUFFALO AIRPORT. FOLLOWING THIS EVENT THE UPPER LEVEL TROUGH SHIFTED WESTWARD AND FOCUSED THE COLDEST AIR TOWARDS THE NORTHERN PLAINS. THIS ALLOWED FOR SOME WARMER DAYS ACROSS WESTERN NEW YORK. BETWEEN THE 10TH AND 14TH WE HAD 2 DAYS OF HIGHS IN THE 40S AND 2 DAYS WITH HIGHS IN THE LOW 50S. A STORM SYSTEM BROUGHT SOME RAIN OVER THIS MILDER PERIOD WHICH ERASED THE SNOW COVER FROM METRO BUFFALO. FROM THE 18TH TILL THE LATER DAYS OF THE MONTH A LONG WAVE TROUGH AGAIN SETTLED OVER EASTERN NORTH AMERICA...WITH POLAR FLOW SENDING TEMPERATURES ACROSS WESTERN NEW YORK BACK BELOW NORMAL. GUSTY WINDS THIS PERIOD BROUGHT BRUTAL WIND CHILLS SEVERAL DAYS THIS PERIOD. SNOWFALL EVENTS WERE GENERALLY LIGHT THROUGH THIS PERIOD...THOUGH A SYNOPTIC LOW ON THE 25TH DID BRING JUST OVER A HALF A FOOT OF SNOW TO METRO BUFFALO. TEMPERATURES BEGAN TO MODERATE SOME TOWARDS THE END OF THE MONTH AS THE CORE OF THE COLD AIR SHIFTED EASTWARD...AND THE LAST DAY OF THE MONTH SAW AVERAGE TEMPERATURES ABOVE NORMAL. LAKE ERIE BEGAN THE MONTH WITH A WATER TEMPERATURE OF 33F. ICE ALONG THE SHORELINES AT THE BEGINNING OF THE MONTH EXPANDED SUCH THAT THE LAKE OFFICIALLY "FROZE OVER" ON THE 4TH WITH ICE IN THE BUFFALO HARBOR. THIS IS THE EARLIEST FREEZE DATE SINCE THE WINTER OF 2002-2001. WINDS AVERAGED NEAR NORMAL THIS MONTH AND THE STRONGEST GUST (60 MPH) OCCURRED ON THE 6TH...JUST AHEAD OF THE START OF THE BLIZZARD. SUNSHINE THIS MONTH FINISHED EXACTLY NORMAL. THERE WERE 6 MOSTLY SUNNY DAYS THIS MONTH...WHILE 17 DAYS FINISHED MOSTLY TO COMPLETELY CLOUDY. SUMMING UP...A SNOWY MONTH WITH RELENTLESS COLD FOR WESTERN NEW YORK. && THOMAS $$

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