Climatological Report (Monthly)
Issued by NWS Buffalo, NY

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000
CXUS51 KBUF 020216
CLMBUF

CLIMATE REPORT
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE BUFFALO NY
851 AM EST SAT FEB 1 2014

...................................

...THE BUFFALO NY CLIMATE SUMMARY FOR THE MONTH OF JANUARY 2014...

CLIMATE NORMAL PERIOD 1981 TO 2010
CLIMATE RECORD PERIOD 1871 TO 2014

WEATHER         OBSERVED          NORMAL  DEPART  LAST YEAR`S
                 VALUE   DATE(S)  VALUE   FROM    VALUE  DATE(S)
                                          NORMAL
................................................................
TEMPERATURE (F)
RECORD
 HIGH              72   01/25/1950
 LOW              -16   01/17/1982
HIGHEST            51   01/13                         66  01/30
LOWEST             -5   01/07                          1  01/25
AVG. MAXIMUM     27.2              31.2    -4.0     37.1
AVG. MINIMUM     12.7              18.5    -5.8     23.0
MEAN             20.0              24.9    -4.9     30.0
DAYS MAX >= 90      0               0.0     0.0        0
DAYS MAX <= 32     20              17.0     3.0       10
DAYS MIN <= 32     29              27.4     1.6       26
DAYS MIN <= 0       4               1.8     2.2        0

PRECIPITATION (INCHES)
RECORD
 MAXIMUM         6.88   1982
 MINIMUM         0.89   1921
TOTALS           3.16              3.18   -0.02     2.50
DAYS >= .01        21                                 15
DAYS >= .10        10                                  5
DAYS >= .50         1                                  1
DAYS >= 1.00        0                                  0
GREATEST
 24 HR. TOTAL    0.53   01/11

SNOWFALL (INCHES)
RECORDS
 TOTAL           68.3   1977
TOTALS           42.4              25.3    17.1      6.2
SINCE 7/1        80.9              61.5    19.4
SNOWDEPTH AVG.      4                 5      -1        2
DAYS >= 1.0         9               7.3     1.7        2
GREATEST
 SNOW DEPTH        10   01/08 TO 01/09                 7  01/04
 24 HR TOTAL      7.6   01/08

DEGREE_DAYS
HEATING TOTAL    1389              1244     145     1077
 SINCE 7/1       3847              3659     188     3238
COOLING TOTAL       0                 0       0        0
 SINCE 1/1          0                 0       0        0
.........................................................

WIND (MPH)
AVERAGE WIND SPEED              13.3
HIGHEST WIND SPEED/DIRECTION    46/220
HIGHEST GUST SPEED/DIRECTION    60/220    DATE  01/06

SKY COVER
POSSIBLE SUNSHINE (PERCENT)   32
NUMBER OF DAYS FAIR            0
NUMBER OF DAYS PC             10
NUMBER OF DAYS CLOUDY         21

AVERAGE RH (PERCENT)     73

WEATHER CONDITIONS. NUMBER OF DAYS WITH
THUNDERSTORM              0     MIXED PRECIP               1
HEAVY RAIN                0     RAIN                       4
LIGHT RAIN                6     FREEZING RAIN              0
LT FREEZING RAIN          1     HAIL                       0
HEAVY SNOW                4     SNOW                      12
LIGHT SNOW               27     SLEET                      0
FOG                      27     FOG W/VIS <= 1/4 MILE      4
HAZE                     12

-  INDICATES NEGATIVE NUMBERS.
R  INDICATES RECORD WAS SET OR TIED.
MM INDICATES DATA IS MISSING.
T  INDICATES TRACE AMOUNT.

&&

...ARCTIC CHILLS AND SNOW...

JANUARY BEGAN WITH SEVERAL LAKE EFFECT AND SYNOPTIC SNOW EVENTS THAT
BLANKETED WESTERN NEW YORK WITH A FRESH COVERING OF SNOW. MORE
NOTABLE WERE THE ARCTIC AIRMASSES THAT BROUGHT BONE CHILLING COLD TO
THE REGION...WHICH WHEN COMBINED WITH THE SNOWY MONTH MADE JANUARY
2014 A HARSH WINTER MONTH...ESPECIALLY WHEN COMPARED TO RECENT
JANUARYS.

THE AVERAGE TEMPERATURE OF 20.0F WAS NEARLY 5 DEGREES BELOW
NORMAL...AND MADE FOR THE COLDEST MONTH IN 5 YEARS FOR BUFFALO NEW
YORK. THE 20.0F AVERAGE TEMPERATURE FINISHED TIED FOR 26TH COLDEST IN
THE 144 YEARS OF RECORD. WHEN COMPARED TO MORE RECENT JANUARYS THIS
JANUARY WAS ABOUT 10 DEGREES COLDER (30.3F/2012, 30.0F/2013). THE
FIRST WEEK STARTED COLD AS ARCTIC AIR SURGED ACROSS THE EASTERN US.
WITHIN THIS AIRMASS THE THERMOMETER BOTTOMED OUT AT -5F DURING THE
LATE MORNING OF JANUARY 7TH WHICH BROUGHT A NEW DAILY MINIMUM RECORD.
THE SECOND WEEK...AND INTO THE START OF THE THIRD WEEK FEATURED
TEMPERATURES THAT AVERAGED ABOVE NORMAL...INCLUDING 2 DAYS THAT
REACHED INTO THE LOW 50S. A SECOND ROUND OF ARCTIC AIR THEN DROPPED
SOUTHWARD WITH POLAR AIR AGAIN POURING OVER EASTERN NORTH AMERICA.
THIS SENT WESTERN NEW YORK BACK INTO THE DEEP FREEZE WITH FRIGID AIR
AND DANGEROUSLY LOW WIND CHILLS TO CLOSE OUT THE SECOND HALF OF THE
MONTH. ONLY A LATE WARM UP ON THE 31ST BROUGHT TEMPERATURES BACK
ABOVE NORMAL.

PRECIPITATION WAS NORMAL WITH 3.16 INCHES OF RAINFALL AND MELTED
SNOW RECORDED. RAIN FELL ON THE 5TH AS WELL AS THE 11TH THROUGH THE
14TH OF THE MONTH.

SNOWFALL WAS FREQUENT FOR THIS MONTH WITH 42.4 INCHES RECORDED. THIS
IS THE 12TH MOST AMOUNT OF SNOW RECORDED IN BUFFALO`S 129 YEARS OF
SNOW RECORDS. HALF OF THE SNOW FELL IN THE FIRST WEEK OF THE MONTH.
THERE WAS ONE DAILY RECORD SNOW EVENT...THE 7.6 INCHES OF SNOW THAT
FELL ON THE 8TH BROKE THE OLD RECORD FOR THE DATE (1942) BY AN INCH.
THERE WERE 20 DAYS OF MEASURABLE SNOWFALL WITH 4 OF THESE DAYS
MEASURING 4 INCHES OR MORE. OTHERWISE SNOW IN BUFFALO WAS OUR
TYPICAL NICKLE AND DIME AMOUNTS...THAT ADDED UP TO SNOW TOTALS ABOUT
17 INCHES ABOVE NORMAL.

JANUARY BEGAN WITH AN ONGOING LAKE EFFECT SNOW EVENT...THAT WAS
QUICKLY FOLLOWED BY SYNOPTIC SNOWS AS A STORM SYSTEM PASSED BY TO
OUR SOUTH. AFTER SEVERAL QUIET AND TRANQUIL DAYS A RARE EVENT BEGAN
TO UNFOLD IN BUFFALO. EARLY ON THE 6TH A STRONG COLD FRONT CROSSED
WESTERN NEW YORK...TAKING TEMPERATURES FROM THE LOW 40S TO DOWN
BELOW THE FREEZING MARK BEFORE SUNRISE. A GUSTY...COLD WESTERLY WIND
SENT TEMPERATURES PLUMMETING THROUGH THE DAY INTO THE LOW SINGLE
DIGITS. LATER IN THE DAY LAKE EFFECT SNOW ORGANIZED AND BEGAN TO
FALL ACROSS WESTERN NEW YORK AND WITH THE HOWLING WINDS BLIZZARD
CONDITIONS OCCURRED ACROSS ERIE COUNTY AND INLAND ACROSS WYOMING
AND GENESEE COUNTIES. BLIZZARD WARNINGS WERE ISSUED FOR ERIE
COUNTY...THE FIRST BLIZZARD WARNINGS FOR THE COUNTY SINCE MARCH
1993. PARALYZING CONDITIONS OF FALLING SNOW AND BLOWING SNOW
CONTINUED THROUGH THE 7TH...AND NOT UNTIL THE EARLY MORNING HOURS OF
WEDNESDAY THE 8TH DID THE WINDS RELAX ENOUGH TO ALLOW FOR SOME
IMPROVEMENT IN VISIBILITIES. SNOWFALL FOR THIS 3-DAY EVENT TOTALED
17.6 INCHES AT THE BUFFALO AIRPORT. FOLLOWING THIS EVENT THE UPPER
LEVEL TROUGH SHIFTED WESTWARD AND FOCUSED THE COLDEST AIR TOWARDS
THE NORTHERN PLAINS. THIS ALLOWED FOR SOME WARMER DAYS ACROSS
WESTERN NEW YORK. BETWEEN THE 10TH AND 14TH WE HAD 2 DAYS OF HIGHS
IN THE 40S AND 2 DAYS WITH HIGHS IN THE LOW 50S. A STORM SYSTEM
BROUGHT SOME RAIN OVER THIS MILDER PERIOD WHICH ERASED THE SNOW
COVER FROM METRO BUFFALO. FROM THE 18TH TILL THE LATER DAYS OF THE
MONTH A LONG WAVE TROUGH AGAIN SETTLED OVER EASTERN NORTH
AMERICA...WITH POLAR FLOW SENDING TEMPERATURES ACROSS WESTERN NEW
YORK BACK BELOW NORMAL. GUSTY WINDS THIS PERIOD BROUGHT BRUTAL WIND
CHILLS SEVERAL DAYS THIS PERIOD. SNOWFALL EVENTS WERE GENERALLY
LIGHT THROUGH THIS PERIOD...THOUGH A SYNOPTIC LOW ON THE 25TH DID
BRING JUST OVER A HALF A FOOT OF SNOW TO METRO BUFFALO. TEMPERATURES
BEGAN TO MODERATE SOME TOWARDS THE END OF THE MONTH AS THE CORE OF
THE COLD AIR SHIFTED EASTWARD...AND THE LAST DAY OF THE MONTH SAW
AVERAGE TEMPERATURES ABOVE NORMAL.

LAKE ERIE BEGAN THE MONTH WITH A WATER TEMPERATURE OF 33F. ICE ALONG
THE SHORELINES AT THE BEGINNING OF THE MONTH EXPANDED SUCH THAT THE
LAKE OFFICIALLY "FROZE OVER" ON THE 4TH WITH ICE IN THE BUFFALO
HARBOR. THIS IS THE EARLIEST FREEZE DATE SINCE THE WINTER OF
2002-2001. WINDS AVERAGED NEAR NORMAL THIS MONTH AND THE STRONGEST
GUST (60 MPH) OCCURRED ON THE 6TH...JUST AHEAD OF THE START OF THE
BLIZZARD. SUNSHINE THIS MONTH FINISHED EXACTLY NORMAL. THERE WERE 6
MOSTLY SUNNY DAYS THIS MONTH...WHILE 17 DAYS FINISHED MOSTLY TO
COMPLETELY CLOUDY.

SUMMING UP...A SNOWY MONTH WITH RELENTLESS COLD FOR WESTERN NEW
YORK.

&&

THOMAS

$$






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