Public Information Statement
Issued by NWS Caribou, ME

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PUBLIC INFORMATION STATEMENT
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE CARIBOU ME
0734 AM EDT THU JUL 17 2014

THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE OFFICES IN NEW ENGLAND HAVE DECLARED
THE WEEK OF JULY 14TH THROUGH 18TH HURRICANE PREPAREDNESS WEEK. THIS
IS THE FOURTH IN A SERIES OF FIVE PUBLIC INFORMATION STATEMENTS TO
BE ISSUED BY THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE OFFICE IN CARIBOU,
CONTAINING INFORMATION ON HURRICANES AND HURRICANE SAFETY.

INLAND FLOODING FROM TROPICAL STORMS AND HURRICANES

WHEN IT COMES TO HURRICANES, WIND SPEEDS DO NOT TELL THE WHOLE
STORY. HURRICANES PRODUCE STORM SURGES, TORNADOES, AND OFTEN MOST
DEADLY OF ALL, INLAND FRESHWATER FLOODING.

WHILE STORM SURGE IS ALWAYS A POTENTIAL THREAT WITH LANDFALLING
HURRICANES, MANY MORE PEOPLE HAVE DIED FROM INLAND FRESHWATER
FLOODING. INLAND FLOODING CAN BE A MAJOR THREAT TO COMMUNITIES
HUNDREDS OF MILES FROM THE COAST AS HEAVY RAIN FALLS FROM THESE HUGE
TROPICAL AIR MASSES. OF THE 56 PEOPLE WHO PERISHED FROM HURRICANE
FLOYD IN 1999, 50 DROWNED DUE TO INLAND FLOODING.

IN 1972, HURRICANE AGNES PRODUCED FLOODS IN THE NORTHEAST UNITED
STATES WHICH CONTRIBUTED TO 122 DEATHS AND $6.4 BILLION IN DAMAGES.
AND IN 1955, LONG AFTER THE WINDS FROM HURRICANE DIANE HAD SUBSIDED,
THE STORM BROUGHT INLAND FLOODING TO PENNSYLVANIA, NEW YORK, AND NEW
ENGLAND, CONTRIBUTING TO NEARLY 200 DEATHS AND $4.2 BILLION IN
DAMAGES.

FRESHWATER FLOODS ACCOUNTED FOR MORE THAN HALF OF U.S. TROPICAL
CYCLONE DEATHS FROM 1975-2004. IN ADDITION, MORE THAN 75% OF THE
CHILDREN KILLED BY TROPICAL CYCLONES DIED DUE TO INLAND FLOODING.
FLOODING IS ALSO THE REASON WHY 63% OF U.S. TROPICAL CYCLONES DEATHS
DURING THAT PERIOD OCCURRED IN INLAND COUNTIES. AT LEAST 23% OF U.S.
TROPICAL CYCLONE DEATHS ARE PEOPLE WHO ARE ATTEMPTING TO DRIVE
THROUGH FLOODED ROADWAYS.

HERE IN NEW ENGLAND, TROPICAL SYSTEMS CAN COMBINE WITH MID-LATITUDE
WEATHER SYSTEMS (EXTRA-TROPICAL) TO PRODUCE VERY HEAVY RAINS AND
FLOODING, EVEN WHEN THE HURRICANE OR TROPICAL STORM REMAINS WELL
OFFSHORE. IN 1996, A COASTAL STORM THAT WAS SUPPLIED WITH TROPICAL
MOISTURE FROM THE CIRCULATION AROUND HURRICANE LILI (WELL OFFSHORE)
PRODUCED 4 TO 19 INCHES OF RAIN ACROSS SOUTHERN AND CENTRAL NEW
HAMPSHIRE AND SOUTHWESTERN MAINE AND WAS RESPONSIBLE FOR 1 DROWNING
DEATH.

HERE ARE SOME TIPS TO PROTECT YOU AND YOUR HOME FROM FLOODING:

  1. DEVELOP A FLOOD EMERGENCY ACTION PLAN.
  2. DETERMINE WHETHER YOU LIVE IN A FLOOD-PRONE AREA.
  3. IF FLOODING IS POSSIBLE, MOVE VALUABLE ITEMS FROM THE BASEMENT
     OR FIRST FLOOR TO HIGHER FLOORS IN YOUR HOME. HAVE A CHECKLIST
     OF THESE ITEMS IN YOUR EMERGENCY ACTION PLAN.
  4. KEEP ABREAST OF ROAD CONDITIONS THROUGH THE NEWS MEDIA. MOVE TO
     A SAFE AREA BEFORE ACCESS IS CUT OFF BY FLOOD WATERS.
  5. IF ADVISED TO EVACUATE, DO SO IMMEDIATELY.
  6. DO NOT ATTEMPT TO DRIVE THROUGH A FLOODED ROADWAY. IF THE
     ROADWAY IS FLOODED, TURN AROUND, DON`T DROWN!

ALSO, IF YOU LIVE IN A FLOOD-PRONE AREA, CONSIDER PURCHASING FLOOD
INSURANCE. FLOOD DAMAGE IS NOT USUALLY COVERED BY HOMEOWNERS
INSURANCE POLICIES. DO NOT MAKE ASSUMPTIONS; CHECK YOUR POLICY.

THE NATIONAL FLOOD INSURANCE PROGRAM IS A PRE-DISASTER FLOOD
MITIGATION AND INSURANCE PROTECTION PROGRAM. THE NATIONAL FLOOD
INSURANCE PROGRAM MAKES FEDERALLY-BACKED FLOOD INSURANCE AVAILABLE
TO RESIDENTS AND BUSINESS OWNERS IN CERTAIN COMMUNITIES. FOR MORE
INFORMATION, PLEASE VISIT WWW.FLOODSMART.GOV (ALL LOWER-CASE).

QUESTION OF THE DAY: DO THE STRONGEST HURRICANES PRODUCE THE
GREATEST RAINFALL AMOUNTS?

THE MOST IMPORTANT FACTOR IN DETERMINING THE RAINFALL FROM A
HURRICANE OR TROPICAL STORM IS THE FORWARD SPEED OF THE STORM. A
SLOW-MOVING OR STALLED TROPICAL STORM CAN PRODUCE CONSIDERABLY MORE
RAINFALL IN A GIVEN AREA THAN A FAST-MOVING INTENSE HURRICANE.
HURRICANE ANDREW PRODUCED RAINFALL AMOUNTS BETWEEN 7 AND 8 INCHES
ACROSS SOUTH FLORIDA AS IT RAVAGED THE AREA WITH STRONG WINDS DURING
AUGUST 1992. IN COMPARISON, TROPICAL STORM ALBERTO DUMPED MORE THAN
27 INCHES OF RAIN IN AMERICUS, GEORGIA WHEN IT STRUCK DURING JULY OF
1994. IN 1979, TROPICAL STORM CLAUDETTE BROUGHT 45 INCHES OF RAIN TO
AN AREA NEAR ALVIN, TEXAS.

FACT FOR THE DAY: HISTORICALLY, STORM SURGE HAD BEEN THE LEADING
CAUSE OF DEATH DURING HURRICANES. HOWEVER, IMPROVEMENTS IN
FORECASTING AND COMMUNICATION HAVE ALLOWED POTENTIAL VICTIMS TO
EVACUATE FROM SURGE-PRONE AREAS. THESE IMPROVEMENTS HAVE GREATLY
REDUCED THE NUMBER OF STORM SURGE DEATHS IN THE UNITED STATES. AS
SEEN IN THE TABLE BELOW, FRESHWATER FLOODING IS BY FAR THE LEADING
CAUSE OF DEATH FROM TROPICAL CYCLONES.

                  TROPICAL CYCLONE DEATHS (1970-1999)

                    CAUSE                   PERCENT
             FRESHWATER FLOODING              59%
             WIND                             12%
             SURF                             11%
             OFFSHORE                         11%
             TORNADOES                         4%
             STORM SURGE                       1%
             OTHER                             2%

HERE`S A LIST OF TOPICS TO BE COVERED LATER THIS WEEK:
  FRIDAY - THE FORECAST PROCESS: STATEMENTS, WATCHES, AND WARNINGS

FOR ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ABOUT HURRICANES AND HURRICANE SAFETY,
VISIT THE NATIONAL HURRICANE CENTER`S WEBSITE AT (ALL LOWER-CASE):

HTTP://WWW.NHC.NOAA.GOV

$$

CB




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