Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Des Moines, IA

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FXUS63 KDMX 180452
AFDDMX

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Des Moines IA
1152 PM CDT Sat Jun 17 2017

.SHORT TERM.../Tonight through Sunday/
Issued at 334 PM CDT Sat Jun 17 2017

Surface trough/cold front draped across the eastern into far
southern Iowa this afternoon to be the main focus of thunderstorm
development in the next few hours. Greater threat as an upper level
wave drops southeastward from the Dakotas/northern Nebraska area
this evening, with the boundary likely to have moved into northern
MO by that timeframe. Therefore limited window for any strong to
severe storms this afternoon across the far south/southeast, before
more widespread/stronger storms expected to the south/east of the
area tonight. As the wave drops south, may have some weaker isolated
showers/storms form across the remainder of the area as well with
any activity likely to diminish by late evening. Latest mesoanalysis
suggesting around 2000 J/kg of CAPE and 50kt effective shear across
the southeast which is sufficient for severe storms once any storms
develop. However given the lower lapse rates am not confident of
large coverage/much initiation across the southern CWA before the
boundary moves south. Therefore kept pops lower in the low to mid
chance range over the next few hours into the early evening.

Looking into Sunday much cooler air in place with steep lapse rates
expected with the upper level cyclonic flow in place. This should
set the stage for some pop-up/instability showers/isolated
thunderstorms to develop across much of the area through the
afternoon hours similar to the activity going across the Dakotas
today. Therefore have broad-brushed much of the area with slight
chance pops through the afternoon into early evening. Otherwise have
temps much cooler for Sunday with highs only in the low to mid 70s
with the cooler air, clouds and possible precip in place.

.LONG TERM.../Sunday night through Saturday/
Issued at 334 PM CDT Sat Jun 17 2017

Short wave energy will continue to move through the northwest flow
and impact the state Monday and Tuesday. Cold temperatures aloft
from 700-500 mb will create steep lapse rates on Monday. The steep
lapse rates will help lead to early destabilization by late
morning Monday with MLCAPES approaching 1000 J/ and surface based
CAPES approaching 1400-1800 J/kg. Melting levels of 8-9 kft
combined with the mid-level lapse rates and surface based
instability may lead to a marginal severe hail threat with any
storms that do develop. Another short wave arrives on Tuesday
though the focus for precipitation chances will shift to the
northeast but may still clip the far northeast.

The northwest flow aloft will transition to more zonal by late
Tuesday. This will lead to warm advection developing Tuesday
night and into Wednesday. This may trigger a few elevated storms
as the advection lifts northeast across central Iowa Tuesday night
and early Wednesday. This will lead to warmer conditions Wednesday
and Thursday with a chance for thunderstorms again late Wednesday
into Wednesday night and again Thursday night as a cold front
drops south. Possible a few locations reach 90 Wednesday and
Thursday before readings fall back into the 70s and 80s for the
end of the week.

&&

.AVIATION.../For the 06Z TAFS through 06Z Sunday night/
Issued at 1151 PM CDT Sat Jun 17 2017

VFR forecast for much of the duration with only some MVFR ceilings
at very beginning of forecast in northern Iowa. Surface winds will
be west to northwest and gusty by midday Sunday into Sunday
afternoon.

&&

.DMX WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...NONE.

&&

$$

SHORT TERM...Beerends
LONG TERM...Donavon
AVIATION...Cogil



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