Drought Information Statement
Issued by NWS Wichita, KS

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DROUGHT STATEMENT
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE WICHITA KS
1122 AM CDT SAT OCT 4 2014

...Drought Conditions Worsen Slightly Over Far Southern Kansas...

Portions of central, south-central and southeast Kansas saw very
different Septembers. While monthly average temperatures were
generally near normal, monthly precipitation saw big contrasts. This
affected drought intensity and areal extent.

Periodic rounds of showers and thunderstorms affected central and
southeast Kansas throughout September, resulting in above normal
monthly rainfall, with many areas 150 to 300 percent of normal. In
fact, Russell recorded its 9th wettest September since 1949,
tallying 4.66 inches, which was 2.41 inches wetter than normal.
Salina recorded its 18th wettest September since 1948, tallying 4.14
inches, which was 1.44 inches wetter than normal.

In contrast, south-central Kansas missed out on most of the
thunderstorm activity, resulting in a much drier than normal
September, with many areas less than 50 percent of normal. For
example, Wichita recorded its 6th driest September since 1888,
tallying only 0.47 inches, which was 2.67 inches drier than normal.
It was Wichita`s driest September since 1956, which was also the
driest September on record for the Air Capital, tallying a meager
0.03 inches for the month.

The drier September allowed drought conditions to worsen slightly
over far southern Kansas, with severe (D2) drought creeping back in
near the Oklahoma border.

.Drought Intensity Definitions...

There are five levels of intensity depicted on the U.S. Drought
Monitor (USDM). The USDM levels are the following:

D0 - Abnormally dry, going into drought - causes short-term dryness
slowing planting, growth of crops or pastures and above average fire
risk. Coming out of drought - there are some lingering water
deficits, pastures and crops are not fully recovered.

D1 - Moderate drought, some damage to crops or pastures, high fire
risk exists, streams, reservoirs or wells are low, some water
shortages develop or are imminent and voluntary use restrictions are
requested.

D2 - Severe drought, crop or pasture losses are likely, fire risk is
very high, water shortages are common, water restrictions may be
imposed.

D3 - Extreme drought, major crop and pasture losses, fire danger is
extreme and widespread water shortages and restrictions are possible.

D4 - Exceptional drought, exceptional and widespread crop and pasture
losses, exceptional fire danger exists, shortages of water in
reservoirs, streams, and wells occur creating water emergencies.

.Local Area Affected...

As of September 30th, generally the southern half of Kansas was in
moderate (D1) drought or higher. Severe (D2) drought prevailed over
far western, southwest and far southern Kansas near the Oklahoma
border. Extreme (D3) drought prevailed over extreme southwest
Kansas. In contrast, portions of eastern, northeast, and northern
Kansas remained essentially drought-free.

.Precipitation Deficits...

The following table displays the monthly precipitation departures
from normal since September 2013.

                  Wichita       Salina       Chanute
Month            Departure     Departure    Departure

2013
Sep                -1.11         -1.07        -0.65
Oct                +0.27         -1.08        +3.46
Nov                -0.83         -0.90        -0.67
Dec                -0.60         +0.28        -1.59

2014
Jan                -0.70         -0.14        -1.15
Feb                -0.32         +0.15        -1.04
Mar                -2.20         -2.09        -2.07
Apr                -2.06         -1.72        -2.40
May                -0.51         -0.80        -0.28
Jun                +5.26         +4.08        +2.02
Jul                -0.25         -3.56        -2.76
Aug                -1.33         +1.02        -2.33
Sep                -2.67         +1.44        -0.57

Total Departure    -7.05         -4.39       -10.03

.Soil Moisture Conditions...

As of October 3rd, soil moisture depth ranged from roughly 12 to 15
inches across the eastern half of Kansas, which is only slightly
drier than average.

Per the September 29th USDA news release for Kansas:

Topsoil moisture was rated 9 percent very short, 27 percent short, 62
percent adequate, 2 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture was rated 16
percent very short, 31 percent short, 52 percent adequate, 1 percent
surplus.

.Agriculture...

The follwing information was taken from the September 29th USDA news
release for Kansas:

Winter wheat emerged was 13 percent, ahead of 7 percent this time
last year. The average is 8 percent.

Corn was rated 6 percent very poor, 10 percent poor, 28 percent fair,
41 percent good, 15 percent excellent.

Sorghum was rated 4 percent very poor, 11 percent poor, 32 percent
fair, 44 percent good, 9 percent excellent.

Soybeans were rated 3 percent very poor, 10 percent poor, 35 percent
fair, 42 percent good, 10 percent excellent.

Sunflowers were rated 3 percent very poor, 7 percent poor, 32 percent
fair, 52 percent good, 6 percent excellent.

Cotton was rated 1 percent very poor, 5 percent poor, 33 percent
fair, 56 percent good, 5 percent excellent.

Alfalfa hay was rated 4 percent very poor, 12 percent poor, 40
percent fair, 37 percent good, 7 percent excellent.

Pasture and range conditions were rated 7 percent very poor, 16
percent poor, 42 percent fair, 33 percent good, 2 percent excellent.

Stock water supplies were 9 percent very short, 18 percent short, 72
percent adequate, and 1 percent surplus.

.River, Streamflow and Reservoir Conditions...

As of October 4th, most river and stream levels across central,
south-central and southeast Kansas were running close to normal,
although a small handful were running below average, and only a few
running higher than normal. As of September 23rd, most reservoirs
were 90 to 100 percent full, although Wilson Lake Reservoir in
Russell county was 67 to 77 percent full.

.Questions or Comments...

If you have any questions or comments about this drought information,
please contact:

Eric Schminke and Andy Kleinsasser
Drought Focal Points
National Weather Service
2142 South Tyler Rd
Wichita, KS 67209
316-942-3102
eric.schminke@noaa.gov | andy.kleinsasser@noaa.gov

.Related Web Sites...

U.S. Drought Monitor         http://drought.unl.edu/dm
Kansas Water Office          http://www.kwo.org
U.S. Geological Survey       http://water.usgs.gov/waterwatch/
Climate Prediction Center    http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/index.html
National Weather Service     http://www.drought.gov
NWS Wichita Drought Page     http://www.crh.noaa.gov/ict/?n=drought
High Plains Climate Center   http://www.hprcc.unl.edu
U.S. Dept of Agriculture     http://www.usda.gov

All web sites should be in lower case characters.

.Acknowledgements...

The U.S. drought monitor is a weekly collaborative effort between a
number of federal agencies including NOAA/NWS, U.S. Department of
Agriculture, state and regional center climatologists and the
National Drought Mitigation Center. Information for this statement
has been gathered from NWS and FAA observation sites, the USGS and
the Kansas Water Office.

.Next Issuance...

The next issuance of this drought information statement will likely
be issued sometime November 2014.




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