Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Wilmington, NC

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000 FXUS62 KILM 052056 AFDILM Area Forecast Discussion National Weather Service Wilmington NC Issued by National Weather Service Charleston SC 356 PM EST Mon Dec 5 2016 .SYNOPSIS...
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A strong storm system will impact the region through Tuesday. Quiet and seasonable weather will occur mid-week ahead of an arctic front, which is expected to cross offshore late Thursday. Very cold temperatures will follow for Friday and into the early weekend.
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&& .NEAR TERM /THROUGH TONIGHT/...
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A powerful southern stream shortwave will eject out of South Texas this evening and become negatively tilted across the southern Mississippi Valley overnight. Surface cyclogenesis that is ongoing across across the northwest Gulf of Mexico will gradually translate to a classic Miller Type-B scenario early Tuesday with primary low pressure moving into Tennessee and secondary low pressure developing off the South Carolina coast along a sharpening coastal front. Impressive QG-forcing coupled with pwats surging to near 2.0 inches (well above normal for early December) will support a large swatch of moderate to locally heavy rains encompassing all of Southeast North Carolina and Northeast South Carolina for much of the nighttime period. Already seeing scattered showers developing across the southern Savannah River valley along the nose of a strengthening 850 hPa low- level jet. This activity will move into the southern and southwestern zones by early evening with steadier rains blossoming over the area shortly thereafter. Forecasting temperatures tonight is proving tricky with the high pressure wedge likely to hold firm for much of the night, except across the far south and along the coast where temperatures could rise begin to rise closer to sunrise as the coastal front begins to lift north/inland. With dewpoints holding in the upper 40s this afternoon, there will likely be some diabatic cooling at the onset of light rain, which will help drive temperatures down this evening before leveling off. Favored lows from the upper 40s northern areas (best potential for a longer duration of diabatic cooling) to the mid 50s elsewhere. The rain could become locally heavy at times, especially along the coast and across the central/southern zones where pwats will peak near 2.0 inches. There are no real concerns for flash flooding, but minor flooding of low-lying and poor drainage areas could occur in areas that typically flood such as Georgetown. The combination on intense forcing and some mid- level instability advecting into southern South Carolina could support a few elevated tstms overnight, roughly along/south of a Wilmington-Florence line. No severe weather is anticipated tonight.
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&& .SHORT TERM /TUESDAY THROUGH THURSDAY/...
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A deep layer ridge hangs on over the region through Wednesday night, then shifts south and east as the next upper trough moves into the Ohio River Valley. This upper trough will move into the eastern U.S. Thursday, then the axis will shift offshore later Friday. At the surface, high pressure will start off centered northeast of the area on Wednesday, then shift south over the area on Thursday and then south Thursday night. By Friday, a strong cold front is expected to push through the region. Models have not been very aggressive with producing any significant precipitation with this front. In fact, the latest ECMWF barely has any precipitation at all. Have continued slight chance to very low end chance pops, mainly over SC where best moisture, upper forcing and low level convergence will combine. Any precip should be short lived and confined to near the surface front. Clearing, cooler and breezy later Friday morning and afternoon behind the front. There is some potential for at least patchy fog Wednesday night given the surface ridge will be centered east-west over the area. Thus, have put patchy fog in the grids for Wednesday night. Temperatures will remain above normal through Thursday night, with highs in the lower 80s, and lows in the upper 50s to lower 60s. By Friday, much cooler, with highs likely struggling to reach 70 most areas. These cooler temperatures, combined with breezy northerly winds, will make it feel a little brisk.
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&& .LONG TERM /THURSDAY NIGHT THROUGH SUNDAY/...
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Arctic front to cross the Carolinas Thursday, with very cold conditions following in its wake. Guidance has slightly increased its moisture associated with the FROPA, and will carry SCHC POP for northern zones late Thursday as a few showers are possible. Increased column saturation above 600mb suggests increased cloud cover, but very dry air beneath this will prevent much more than a brief shower or sprinkle with the FROPA. All precip will be of the liquid variety however, it will be too warm for any snowflakes this time around. However, it will certainly FEEL like winter beginning Thursday night and persisting through Saturday as temps plummet. 850mb temps have warmed slightly in new guidance as the core of the cold air deflects to our north, but still expect highs only in the 40s Fri/Sat with lows dropping well into the 20s Friday night. Additionally, gusty winds Friday will make apparent temps even colder than that. The Canadian high pressure bringing this cold air will shift offshore quickly late in the wknd allowing temps to recover to seasonable values Sunday.
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&& .AVIATION /19Z MONDAY THROUGH SATURDAY/...
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Deteriorating conditions will occur at the terminals overnight as moderate rain overspreads the area. All terminals are poised to drop below IFR thresholds with most heading at or blow alternate minimums after 06z. There is a potential for cigs to drop near airfield minimums, but opted to hold conditions above those levels for now. Showers will end from south-north late Tuesday morning, but low cigs will hold at KILM-KFLO-KLBT ahead of the warm front approaching from the south. Extended Outlook...Small chance for some flight restrictions with patchy to scattered fog Wednesday night. VFR conditions expected to prevail late week through this weekend.
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&& .MARINE...
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Tonight: North winds will veer to the northeast tonight as low pressure develops along a sharpening coastal front. A tightening pressure gradient between the low and high pressure to the north will support increasing winds, especially from Murrells Inlet north to Surf City. There are signals that winds could reach as high as 20-25 kt at times per the latest GFS and to some extent the NAM, but the various high resolution models are showing just a tad weaker low-level wind field. Will cap winds at 20 kt for now and per coordination with WFO Morehead City, a Small Craft Advisory will not be issued. Concerns will be passed on to WFO Wilmington after service backup concludes. Seas will build overnight, reaching 3-5 ft, except 2-3 ft over northern portions of Long Bay downwind of Cape Fear. Rain could locally reduce vsbys to less than 1 nm at times. Tuesday through Thursday Night: No highlights expected through Thursday night. High pressure will shift from northeast of the area Wednesday to south of the area by later Thursday. Winds east-northeast Wednesday, becoming variable Thursday, then southwest Thursday night. Winds generally 15 knots or less and seas 4 feet or less. Friday and Saturday: By Friday, a strong cold front is expected to push through the waters, with increasing northerly winds and seas. Expect Small Craft Advisory conditions to develop behind the front on Friday, with some wind gusts to near gale force not out of the question. Seas building rapidly to 6 to 8 feet beyond 20 nm. Small craft conditions likely to persist through early Saturday. Improving conditions later Saturday through early next week. No highlights expected for this period as high pressure builds from the northwest.
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&& .ILM WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES... SC...None. NC...None. MARINE...None. && $$

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