Drought Information Statement
Issued by NWS Elko, NV

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AXUS75 KLKN 250822
DGTLKN
NVZ030-031-033>041-270830-

DROUGHT INFORMATION STATEMENT
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE ELKO NV
1222 AM PST FRI DEC 25 2015

...DROUGHT STATEMENT FOR NEVADA...

...SEVERE TO EXCEPTIONAL DROUGHT CONDITIONS REMAIN IN CENTRAL AND
WESTERN NEVADA...

1/ NEVADA DROUGHT DISASTER DESIGNATIONS... AS OF DECEMBER 9
2015...ALL COUNTIES IN NEVADA WERE DESIGNATED AS PRIMARY NATURAL
DROUGHT DISASTER AREAS DUE TO DAMAGES AND LOSSES CAUSED BY THE
DROUGHT CONDITIONS. FROM USDA.

SEE WWW.USDA.GOV/DROUGHT /IN LOWER CASE/ FOR MORE INFORMATION ON
DROUGHT DISASTER DECLARATIONS AND ASSISTANCE.

2/ CURRENT DROUGHT INTENSITY IN NEVADA... THE U.S. DROUGHT
MONITOR /DROUGHTMONITOR.UNL.EDU/ IS UPDATED WEEKLY BY THE NATIONAL
DROUGHT MITIGATION CENTER. IT IS A SYNTHESIS OF MULTIPLE DROUGHT
INDICES AND IMPACTS THAT REPRESENTS A CONSENSUS OF SCIENTISTS IN
MANY FEDERAL...STATE AND LOCAL AGENCIES...AS WELL AS THOSE IN
PRIVATE INDUSTRY.

THE DROUGHT MONITOR IS USED BY THE USDA TO DETERMINE DROUGHT
SEVERITY...TO DECLARE DROUGHT DISASTER AND IS THE MECHANISM USED TO
PROVIDE AID TO THE AGRICULTURAL COMMUNITY. IT IS ALSO THE PRIMARY
TOOL USED BY THE NEVADA DEPARTMENTS OF EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AND
WATER RESOURCES TO RESPOND TO AND PROVIDE ASSISTANCE FOR DROUGHT AND
TO MITIGATE DROUGHT IMPACTS THROUGH THEIR DROUGHT RESPONSE PLAN.

AS OF DECEMBER 15 2015...THE U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR CLASSIFIED MOST OF
WESTERN...CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN NEVADA AS IN SEVERE DROUGHT /LEVEL
2 OF 4 LEVELS OF DROUGHT/ OR GREATER WHILE MOST OF FAR EASTERN AND
SOUTHEAST NEVADA WAS CATEGORIZED AS ABNORMALLY DRY TO MODERATE
DROUGHT.

THE AREA OF EXTREME TO EXCEPTIONAL DROUGHT IN NEVADA INCLUDED ALL
OR PORTIONS OF THE FOLLOWING COUNTIES...

CARSON CITY...CHURCHILL...DOUGLAS...ESMERALDA...LANDER...LYON...
MINERAL...NYE...PERSHING...STOREY AND WASHOE.

THE HARDEST HIT AREAS OF DROUGHT...WHERE IT WAS CLASSIFIED AS
EXCEPTIONAL...ARE EASTERN PERSHING COUNTY...NORTHEAST AND NORTH
CENTRAL CHURCHILL COUNTY...A SMALL PART OF WESTERN LANDER COUNTY...
ALL OF CARSON CITY AND STOREY AND DOUGLAS COUNTIES...NORTHERN AND
WESTERN LYON COUNTY...THE SOUTHERN FIFTH OF WASHOE COUNTY...A SMALL
PART OF WESTERN ESMERALDA COUNTY AND SOUTHWEST MINERAL COUNTY IN
NEVADA.

THE AREAS LEAST AFFECTED BY DROUGHT IN NEVADA INCLUDED NORTHEAST AND
CENTRAL ELKO COUNTY WHICH WAS CLASSIFIED AS ABNORMALLY DRY OR IN
MODERATE DROUGHT. MUCH OF WHITE PINE...LINCOLN AND CLARK COUNTIES
AND SMALL PARTS OF NORTHEAST NYE COUNTY WERE CLASSIFIED AS IN
MODERATE DROUGHT. FAR SOUTHERN CLARK COUNTY WAS CLASSIFIED AS
ABNORMALLY DRY.

3/ SYNOPSIS... BELOW TO MUCH BELOW NORMAL PRECIPITATION HAS
OCCURRED OVER MOST OF NEVADA SINCE OCTOBER 2011. SMALL PARTS OF
EASTERN AND WESTERN NEVADA HAVE EXPERIENCED NEAR NORMAL TO
SLIGHTLY ABOVE NORMAL PRECIPITATION DURING THIS TIME. SMALL PARTS
OF FAR NORTHWEST NEVADA ARE ALSO NEAR AVERAGE DURING THIS TIME
FRAME.

SINCE THE MIDDLE OF DECEMBER 2014 MUCH OF NEVADA HAS RECEIVED NEAR TO
ABOVE NORMAL PRECIPITATION. THE ONLY AREAS TO RECEIVE BELOW NORMAL
PRECIPITATION DURING THIS TIME WAS CENTRAL AND SOUTHWEST WHITE PINE
COUNTY...NORTHERN NYE COUNTY...NORTHWEST LINCOLN COUNTY...MUCH OF
CLARK COUNTY...SMALL PARTS OF NORTHERN AND EXTREME SOUTHERN WASHOE
COUNTY...WESTERN DOUGLAS COUNTY...FAR WESTERN HUMBOLDT COUNTY AND
PARTS OF FAR WESTERN CARSON CITY. IN EASTERN CALIFORNIA...EASTERN
AND CENTRAL LASSEN COUNTY...EASTERN ALPINE COUNTY...AND NORTHERN
MONO COUNTY HAVE RECEIVED ABOVE NORMAL PRECIPITATION.

MUCH OF THE ABOVE NORMAL PRECIPITATION IN THESE AREAS HAS OCCURRED
SINCE MAY 2015 IN THUNDERSTORMS AS A VERY ACTIVE MONSOON DEVELOPED
AND CONTINUED THROUGH THE MIDDLE OF JULY. WHILE THIS ABOVE NORMAL
PRECIPITATION AIDED RANGE CONDITIONS IN MANY AREAS...IMPROVING
GRAZING CONDITIONS BEYOND THOSE SEEN IN 2014...THE COPIOUS AMOUNTS
OF RAIN DID LITTLE TO ALLEVIATE POOR WATER SUPPLY CONDITIONS IN
AREAS THAT RELY ON RUN OFF FROM WINTER SNOW. THUS...SHORT TERM
IMPROVEMENTS HAVE BEEN SEEN IN SOME AREAS...BUT LONG TERM IMPACTS
FROM THREE PREVIOUS DRY YEARS REMAIN.

ADDITIONAL PRECIPITATION HAS OCCURRED SINCE EARLY OCTOBER. THIS HAS
THE 2016 WATER YEAR OFF TO A GOOD START IN TERMS OF PERCENT OF AVERAGE
SNOW WATER EQUIVALENT. THIS RECENT PRECIPITATION HAS ALSO AIDED SOIL
MOISTURE CONDITIONS ACROSS THE REGION. MUCH OF NEVADA...WITH THE
EXCEPTION OF EASTERN ELKO COUNTY AND FAR NORTHERN WASHOE COUNTY ARE
ABOVE NORMAL FOR THE WATER YEAR SO FAR. MUCH OF THE LAKE TAHOE
BASIN WAS ABOVE NORMAL FOR THE WATER YEAR.

/SEE:HTTP://WWW.WRCC.DRI.EDU/WWDT/ARCHIVE.PHP?FOLDER=PON6PER/

4/ DROUGHT IMPACTS...
THE WINTER OF 2014/15 WAS THE FOURTH STRAIGHT WINTER WITH BELOW
NORMAL PRECIPITATION FOR MUCH OF THE AREA. WHILE FALL 2014 AND EARLY
FEBRUARY 2015 BROUGHT SOME RELIEF...ALONG WITH CONVECTIVE RAINS FROM
A VERY ACTIVE MONSOON PATTERN IN JUNE AND JULY 2015 AND RECENT
PRECIPITATION SINCE THE START OF OCTOBER 2015...MUCH OF THE
AREA HAS SEEN BELOW AVERAGE PRECIPITATION SINCE OCTOBER 2011. THE
FOLLOWING IMPACTS...WHILE NOT ALL INCLUSIVE...REPRESENT SOME OF THE
MOST IMPACTFUL EFFECTS OF THE CONTINUING DROUGHT ON THE REGION OVER
THE LAST YEAR.

A/ RANCHING...
THE AGRICULTURAL ACT OF 2014 ALLOWED LIVESTOCK PRODUCERS WHO HAD
SUFFERED LOSSES AS FAR BACK AS OCTOBER OF 2011 TO APPLY FOR
ASSISTANCE. A LIVESTOCK INDEMNITY PROGRAM MAY ASSIST PRODUCERS WHO
LOST STOCK DUE TO ADVERSE WEATHER. OFFICIALS WITH THE USDA SAID AS
MUCH AS $2-3 BILLION COULD BE PAID FOR PAST DISASTERS. APPLICATIONS
HAD TO BE RECEIVED BY JAN 1, 2015. FROM LINCOLN, NE, JOURNAL STAR,
APRIL 17, 2014.

THE US DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE ANNOUNCED IN MARCH 2015 ITS
LIVESTOCK FORAGE DISASTER PROGRAM IS AVAILABLE TO OFFSET GRAZING
LOSSES IN 2015...SIMILAR TO BENEFITS THAT WERE AVAILABLE FROM 2011
TO 2014. FROM FORT WORTH, TX, STAR-TELEGRAM, MAR 26, 2015.

DUE TO THE DROUGHT DISASTER DESIGNATION THROUGHOUT ALL COUNTIES IN
THE REGION...RANCHERS HAVE BEEN ABLE TO OBTAIN VARIOUS FINANCIAL AND
TAX RELIEF SOLUTIONS THROUGH USDA. SEE THE USDA FARM SERVICES AGENCY
WEBSITE FOR DETAILS /WWW.FSA.USDA.GOV.

B/ AGRICULTURE...
SUMMER 2015 MARKED THE THIRD IRRIGATION SEASON IN A ROW WHEN MANY
FARMERS DID NOT RECEIVE A FULL ALLOCATION OF WATER. THIS WAS
ESPECIALLY TRUE IN THE LOWER HUMBOLDT BASIN AND THE CARSON BASIN
BELOW LAHONTAN RESERVOIR.

HUMBOLDT RIVER BASIN...
NO DELIVERIES WERE MADE FOR EITHER THE 2014 OR 2015 IRRIGATION
SEASONS ON THE LOWER HUMBOLDT BELOW RYE PATCH RESERVOIR. MOST FARMERS
AND RANCHERS IN THE LOWER HUMBOLDT BASIN DO NOT SUPPLEMENT SURFACE
WATER WITH GROUND WATER. RYE PATCH RESERVOIR REMAINS NEAR 5 PERCENT
OF CAPACITY.

THE FIVE COUNTIES OF THE HUMBOLDT RIVER WATER AUTHORITY
/HUMBOLDT...ELKO...EUREKA...LANDER AND PERSHING/ HAVE REINFORCED THE
STATE OF NEVADA ACTION DECLARING A DROUGHT RESOLUTION THAT WOULD
ENCOURAGE NEVADA AND FEDERAL AGENCIES TO COORDINATE TO BEST HANDLE
DROUGHT IMPACTS IN THE HARD HIT AREAS.

WALKER RIVER BASIN...
INITIAL STORAGE WATER ALLOCATIONS FOR THE WALKER RIVER BASIN FOR THE
2015 IRRIGATION SEASON WERE ANNOUNCED ON MARCH 15, 2015. WELL BELOW
AVERAGE STORAGE IN BRIDGEPORT RESERVOIR AND TOPAZ LAKE ALONG WITH A
BELOW AVERAGE SNOW PACK IN THE UPPER PORTIONS OF THE WALKER BASIN
RESULTED IN STORAGE ALLOCATIONS SET AT 3 PERCENT ON THE EAST WALKER
RIVER AND 4 PERCENT ON THE WEST WALKER RIVER. THE WALKER RIVER
IRRIGATION DISTRICT ONCE AGAIN ENCOURAGED WATER RIGHTS HOLDERS TO
TAKE THEIR WATER AS SOON AS POSSIBLE RATHER THAN WAIT UNTIL LATER
IN THE SEASON. THERE WAS CONCERN THAT THE STORAGE ALLOCATIONS COULD
EVAPORATE IN THE RESERVOIRS BEFORE BEING SERVED. THE ALLOCATION
FIGURES DEAL ONLY WITH STORAGE WATER RIGHTS. SURFACE RIGHTS ARE
COVERED UNDER THE C-125 FEDERAL COURT DECREE AND ARE BASED ON THE
PRIORITY OF THE WATER RIGHTS. RENO, NV, GAZETTE-JOURNAL, MARCH 16,
2015.

CARSON RIVER BASIN...
RAIN IN MAY...JUNE AND JULY ALLOWED LESS WATER TO BE TAKEN BY
IRRIGATORS IN THE UPPER PORTIONS OF THE CARSON BASIN...BUT THIS WAS
JUST A TEMPORARY SITUATION ACCORDING TO THE TRUCKEE-CARSON
WATERMASTER.

IN EARLY APRIL 2015 THE TCID BROAD OF DIRECTORS SET THE ALLOCATION
FOR THE 2015 IRRIGATION SEASON AT 20 PERCENT BELOW LAHONTAN
RESERVOIR. IN AN E-MAIL COMMUNICATION WITH TCID IT WAS LEARNED THAT
DELIVERIES WERE 21 PERCENT OF NORMAL ALLOTMENTS BELOW LAHONTAN
RESERVOIR THIS IRRIGATION SEASON BEFORE BEING STOPPED ON JULY 7,
2015. CONVECTIVE RAINS IN THE LOWER CARSON BASIN DID MAKE IT
POSSIBLE FOR SOME FARMERS AND RANCHERS TO GROW A SECOND ALFALFA CROP
THIS SEASON.

TRUCKEE RIVER BASIN...
LAKE TAHOE DROPPED BELOW ITS NATURAL RIM LATE ON OCTOBER 15, 2014
FOR THE FIRST TIME SINCE 2009. THIS MEANT ONLY A SMALL TRICKLE OF
WATER WAS ESCAPING LAKE TAHOE AND BY OCTOBER 17 VIRTUALLY NO FLOW
WAS LEAVING LAKE TAHOE. THE REDUCTION IN FLOWS MEANT THAT FLORISTON
RATES WERE NOT MET FROM LATE SUMMER INTO THE EARLY FALL.

AS OF APRIL 16, 2015 DISCHARGES FROM PROSSER AND BOCA RESERVOIRS
WERE CUT ON THE TRUCKEE RIVER. THIS RESULTED IN FLOWS ON THE TRUCKEE
BELOW THE RESERVOIRS DROPPING BY ROUGHLY 50 PERCENT...BELOW THE
FLORISTON RATES FOR THE SYSTEM.

DUE TO THE DROUGHT DISASTER DESIGNATION THROUGHOUT ALL COUNTIES IN
THE REGION...FARMERS MAY BE ABLE TO OBTAIN VARIOUS FORMS OF
FINANCIAL AND TAX RELIEF THROUGH USDA.  SEE THE USDA FARM SERVICES
AGENCY WEBSITE FOR DETAILS /WWW.FSA.USDA.GOV.

SUSAN RIVER BASIN...
IN A CONVERSATION WITH THE HONEY LAKE WATERMASTER IN EARLY APRIL
2015 IT WAS LEARNED THAT STORAGE WAS ROUGHLY 26 PERCENT IN THE UPPER
SUSAN RIVER AND THERE WAS JUST A SMALL AMOUNT OF FLOW IN THE LOWER
RIVER. MOUNTAIN WATER STORES...WHICH ARE NORMALLY BROUGHT INTO USE
IN JUNE...MAY HAVE HAD TO BE USED IN MAY IN 2015. AFTER THAT SUPPLY
WAS USED FARMERS AND RANCHERS WOULD NEED TO USE STOCK WATER.

COLORADO RIVER BASIN...
THE DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR AND FOUR MUNICIPAL WATER PROVIDERS IN
ARIZONA, CALIFORNIA, NEVADA AND COLORADO HAVE CONTRIBUTED 11 MILLION
DOLLARS TO PROMOTE WATER CONSERVATION IN THE COLORADO RIVER BASIN.
THEY WILL TAKE PART IN A PILOT PROGRAM TO REDUCE WATER DEMAND BY
FARMERS, CITIES AND INDUSTRIES. FROM LAS VEGAS, NV, SUN, JULY 31,
2014.

LAKE MEAD FELL TO A NEW RECORD LOW ON JUNE 23, 2015. THE LAKE FELL
BELOW THE LEVEL THAT WOULD TRIGGER A WATER SUPPLY SHORTAGE IF THE
RESERVOIR DOES NOT RECOVER SOON. WATER MANAGERS EXPECTED THE LAKE`S
LEVEL TO INCREASE ENOUGH TO WARD OFF A 2016 SHORTAGE DUE TO A WETTER
THAN EXPECTED SPRING IN THE UPPER PORTIONS OF THE BASIN. FROM PALM
SPRINGS, CA, DESERT SUN, JUNE 24, 2015.

C/ FIRE DANGER...
AS OF DECEMBER 17, 2015...FIRE DANGER WAS RATED AS LOW TO MODERATE
OVER ALL OF NEVADA. THIS REDUCTION IN FIRE DANGER CAME ON THE
HEELS OF WETTING RAINS RECEIVED OVER MUCH OF THE REGION IN MID
OCTOBER AND RAIN AND SNOW RECEIVED FROM MULTIPLE NOVEMBER AND
EARLY DECEMBER STORMS.

SEE HTTP://WWW.WFAS.NET/IMAGES/FIREDANGER/FD_CLASS.PNG FOR CURRENT
CONDITIONS.

AS OF DECEMBER 1, 2015...THE NIFC SIGNIFICANT WILDLAND FIRE
POTENTIAL FORECAST FOR THE REGION WAS NORMAL FOR ALL OF NEVADA THROUGH
MARCH.

SEE U.S. FOREST SERVICE WILDLAND FIRE ASSESSMENT SYSTEM WEBSITE FOR
DETAILS...HTTP://WWW.PREDICTIVESERVICES.NIFC.GOV/OUTLOOKS/MONTHLY_
SEASONAL_OUTLOOK.PDF.

D/ FISHERIES...
LOW FLOWS CONTINUE TO IMPACT FISHERIES AROUND THE REGION.

THE DROUGHT CONDITIONS PROMPTED NEVADA DEPARTMENT OF WILDLIFE
OFFICIALS TO RESTOCK THE TRUCKEE RIVER EARLY IN 2015. AROUND 7000
RAINBOW TROUT WERE SCHEDULED TO BE PLANTED IN THE TRUCKEE RIVER IN
THE MIDDLE OF FEBRUARY. ADDITIONAL STOCKING WAS TO TAKE PLACE IN THE
TRUCKEE RIVER, TOPAZ LAKE, MARLETTE LAKE, SPOONER LAKE, HOBART LAKE
AND URBAN PONDS AROUND THE RENO-CARSON CITY AREA BETWEEN LATE MARCH
AND OCTOBER. THIS MARKED THE SECOND YEAR IN A ROW DROUGHT CONDITIONS
AND ANTICIPATED LOW FLOWS ON THE TRUCKEE PROMPTED EARLY STOCKING OF
THE RIVER. FROM RENO, NV, GAZETTE-JOURNAL, FEB 12, 2015.

AS OF EARLY JULY...LOCAL FISHERMEN AND THE NEVADA DEPARTMENT OF
WILDLIFE REPORTED TROUT DYING IN THE TRUCKEE RIVER DUE TO LOW WATER
LEVELS AND HIGH WATER TEMPERATURES. LOCAL FISHERMEN CALLED FOR A
VOLUNTARY CLOSURE OF THE RIVER TO FISHING TO HELP SAVE THE FISHERY.
THIS VOLUNTARY CLOSURE WOULD INCLUDE CATCH AND RELEASE ACTIVITIES AS
WELL.

SEE THE NEVADA DEPARTMENT OF WILDLIFE WEBSITE /HTTP://WWW.NDOW.ORG/
FOR FISHING CONDITION INFORMATION IN NEVADA.

E/ VEGETATION AND WILDLIFE... IN MAY 2015 THE NEVADA BOARD OF
WILDLIFE COMMISSIONERS SET BIG GAME TAG LIMITS FOR THE 2015
HUNTING SEASON. THE ONGOING DROUGHT CONDITIONS PROMPTED AN OVERALL
REDUCTION IN TAGS FOR MULE DEER AND CALIFORNIA BIGHORN SHEEP. SOME
UNITS SAW A REDUCTION IN PRONGHORN TAGS AS WELL...BUT STATEWIDE
QUOTAS FOR PRONGHORN ROSE. STATEWIDE QUOTAS FOR ELK AND DESERT
BIGHORN SHEEP WERE UP AS WELL. FROM ELKO, NV, DAILY FREE PRESS,
MAY 21, 2015.

PROLONGED DROUGHT CONDITIONS AND PESTS HAVE BEEN NAMED...ALONG WITH
OTHER FACTORS...AS A REASON THE CITY OF RENO IS RAPIDLY LOSING MANY
OF ITS TREES. A TREE INVENTORY PROJECT HAS SHOWN THAT RENO IS LOSING
TREES AT A RATE OF 235 PER YEAR ON ITS PUBLIC LANDS. FROM LAS
VEGAS, NV, SUN, OCT 2, 2015.

F/ GROUND WATER...
SCIENTISTS FROM THE U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY HAVE BEGUN A STUDY OF
WATERSHEDS IN 6 WESTERN STATES IN AN ATTEMPT TO GAIN INSIGHTS THAT
COULD HELP RESOURCE MANAGERS BETTER ALLOCATE SCARCE WATER SUPPLIES
DURING FUTURE DROUGHTS. NEVADA IS INCLUDED IN THIS STUDY OF
NEARLY 500 STREAMS IN THE WESTERN U.S. ONE OF THE KEY GOALS OF THE
STUDY IS TO DETERMINE WHICH BASINS ARE MOST VULNERABLE TO LOW
SNOWPACK AND WHICH BASINS HAVE THE KIND OF GEOLOGY THAT CAN
MITIGATE A LACK OF SNOWPACK WITH GROUNDWATER. FROM SACRAMENTO, CA,
BEE, SEPTEMBER 10, 2015.

G/ URBAN AREA DROUGHT IMPACTS...
RENO/SPARKS...
THE TRUCKEE MEADOWS WATER AUTHORITY /TMWA/...SERVING THE RENO AND
SPARKS NV AREA...ASKED ITS CUSTOMERS TO VOLUNTARILY REDUCE THEIR
WATER USAGE BY 10 PERCENT FROM 2014`S LEVELS. DECREASED WATER SUPPLY
WAS EXPECTED TO LEAD TO TMWA USING ITS BACKUP DROUGHT SUPPLIES AND
INCREASED GROUND WATER PUMPING TO SATISFY WATER NEEDS DURING THE
SUMMER OF 2015. FROM RENO, NV, GAZETTE-JOURNAL, MAR 19, 2015.

TMWA ANNOUNCED ON JUNE 23RD THAT IT HAD STARTED USING ITS DROUGHT
RESERVES. TMWA`S PROJECTIONS SHOWED THAT THE 10 PERCENT REDUCTION
THEY ASKED CUSTOMERS TO MAKE WOULD ALLOW TMWA TO RETAIN 5000 ACRE
FEET OF WATER IN ITS UPSTREAM DROUGHT RESERVE RESERVOIRS. THIS WOULD
HELP TMWA MAINTAIN SUFFICIENT RESERVES FOR NEXT YEAR IF THE DROUGHT
CONTINUES. FROM MYNEWS4.COM AND KRNV TV, RENO, NV, JUNE 23, 2015.

SEE WWW.TMWA.COM/CONSERVATION FOR DETAILS.

LAS VEGAS...
BOTH THE SOUTHERN NEVADA WATER AUTHORITY /SNWA/ AND THE LAS VEGAS
VALLEY WATER DISTRICT /LVVWD/ ENACTED WINTER WATERING RESTRICTIONS
NOVEMBER 1ST. LANDSCAPE WATERING IS ALLOWED ON ONLY ONE ASSIGNED
DAY PER WEEK. NO WATERING IS ALLOWED ON SUNDAY. THESE RESTRICTIONS
REMAIN IN EFFECT THROUGH FEBRUARY 29TH.
SEE WWW.SNWA.COM OR WWW.LVVWD.COM FOR DETAILS.

ON DECEMBER 10, 2014 SNWA ANNOUNCED A 3-MILE-LONG TUNNEL HAD BEEN
COMPLETED TO THE THIRD INTAKE "STRAW" ON LAKE MEAD. CONSTRUCTION HAD
BEGUN IN 2008 TO PROVIDE A BUFFER AGAINST DROUGHT. THERE ARE ALSO
PLANS TO BUILD A NEW 650 MILLION DOLLAR PUMPING STATION TO PROVIDE
WATER EVEN IF THE LAKE FALLS BELOW AN ELEVATION OF 1000 FEET. FROM
LAS VEGAS, NV, SUN, DEC. 10, 2014.

H/ TOURISM AND RECREATION IMPACTS...
THROUGHOUT THE WINTER OF 2014/2015 NUMEROUS SKI AREAS WERE IMPACTED
BY THE LACK OF NATURAL SNOW.

ON JANUARY 19, 2015 THE TAHOE DONNER CROSS COUNTRY SKI AREA
ANNOUNCED IT WOULD TEMPORARILY CLOSE BECAUSE OF LIMITED SNOW AND ICY
CONDITIONS. THE SKI AREA HAD PLANNED TO REOPEN WHEN A GREATER SNOWPACK
ALLOWED. FROM TAHOE CITY, CA, TRIBUNE, JAN 19, 2015.

IN LATE JANUARY 2015 HOMEWOOD MOUNTAIN RESORT ANNOUNCED IT WOULD
PLACE UPPER MOUNTAIN OPERATIONS ON HOLD. IN EARLY FEBRUARY THE
RESORT...ON THE WEST SHORE OF LAKE TAHOE...ANNOUNCED IT WOULD
SUSPEND ALL OPERATIONS UNTIL SNOW CONDITIONS IMPROVED. FROM TAHOE
CITY, CA, TRIBUNE, FEB 4, 2015.

NUMEROUS OTHER SKI AREAS IN THE SIERRA CLOSED BY THE MIDDLE OF MARCH
DUE TO LACK OF SNOW. THESE INCLUDED: SIERRA-AT-TAHOE...SUGAR
BOWL...DONNER SKI RANCH...SODA SPRINGS AND JUNE MOUNTAIN. TAKEN FROM
MULTIPLE NEWS REPORTS AND WEB SITES.

TOURISM OFFICIALS SAID BOOKINGS AT TAHOE AREA HOTELS WERE STRONG AT
THE START OF THE WINTER SEASON...BUT TAILED OFF CONSIDERABLY IN
FEBRUARY AS DRY WEATHER PERSISTED. FROM SACRAMENTO, CA, BEE, MARCH
18, 2015.

THERE WAS ONE BRIGHT SPOT. THE LOWER LEVELS OF LAKE MEAD IN SOUTHERN
NEVADA LED TO AN INCREASE IN TOURISM AS LONG-SUBMERGED FEATURES...
SUCH AS A GHOST TOWN AND A B-29 BOMBER...WERE SLOWLY BEING REVEALED.
THIS HAS INCREASED RECREATIONAL DIVING ON THE LAKE. FROM
LOS ANGELES, CA, TIMES, JUL 6, 2015.

AS OF MID NOVEMBER 2015...EARLY SEASON SNOWFALL HAD ALLOWED MOST SKI
RESORTS IN THE SIERRA TO OPEN EARLIER THAN EXPECTED.

5/ HYDROLOGIC CONDITIONS AS OF DECEMBER 17 2015...

A/ SUSAN RIVER...
ON DECEMBER 17...FLOWS ON THE SUSAN RIVER AT SUSANVILLE WERE ABOUT 32
CUBIC FEET PER SECOND /CFS/...OR 84 PERCENT OF THE AVERAGE FLOW OF
38 CFS FOR THIS DATE.

B/ PIT RIVER...
ON DECEMBER 17...FLOWS ON THE PIT RIVER NEAR CANBY WERE ABOUT 130 CFS OR
72 PERCENT OF THE 180 CFS AVERAGE FOR THIS DATE.

C/ UPPER FEATHER RIVER...
ON DECEMBER 17...FLOWS ON THE MIDDLE FORK FEATHER RIVER NEAR PORTOLA
WERE ABOUT 55 CFS OR 71 PERCENT OF THE 78 CFS AVERAGE FLOW FOR THIS
DATE.

D/ LAKE TAHOE AND TRUCKEE RIVER BASINS...
DECEMBER 17 STORAGE ON LAKE TAHOE AND TRUCKEE BASIN RESERVOIRS WAS AS
FOLLOWS.../NOTE...AF IS ABBREVIATION FOR ACRE FEET/.

LAKE TAHOE.....     0 AF... 0 PCT OF CAPACITY..  0 PCT OF DECEMBER 31 AVG
PROSSER RSVR.... 7481 AF...26 PCT OF CAPACITY.. 76 PCT OF DECEMBER 31 AVG
STAMPEDE RSVR.. 26843 AF...12 PCT OF CAPACITY.. 18 PCT OF DECEMBER 31 AVG
BOCA RSVR....... 7104 AF...17 PCT OF CAPACITY.. 44 PCT OF DECEMBER 31 AVG

NOTE: LAKE TAHOE IS SHOWN AS 0 PCT DUE TO ITS REMAINING BELOW ITS NATURAL
RIM AND NOT ALLOWING ANY WATER TO FLOW OUT OF THE LAKE

DECEMBER 17 FLOWS AND PERCENT OF AVERAGE FOR THIS DATE ON THE TRUCKEE
RIVER WERE AS FOLLOWS... /NOTE...CFS IS ABBREVIATION FOR CUBIC FEET
PER SECOND/

TAHOE CITY...  0 CFS...    0 PCT OF  217 CFS AVERAGE
TRUCKEE...... 37 CFS...   16 PCT OF  233 CFS AVERAGE
FARAD........125 CFS...   26 PCT OF  477 CFS AVERAGE
RENO......... 90 CFS...   19 PCT OF  485 CFS AVERAGE
VISTA........147 CFS...   24 PCT OF  603 CFS AVERAGE
WADSWORTH.... 70 CFS...   14 PCT OF  487 CFS AVERAGE
NIXON........110 CFS...   29 PCT OF  381 CFS AVERAGE

STEAMBOAT CREEK...
DECEMBER 17 FLOWS ON STEAMBOAT CREEK WERE AS FOLLOWS...

AT STEAMBOAT.......... 3.6 CFS... 38 PCT OF  9.6 CFS AVERAGE
AT RENO /SHORT LANE/.. 4.9 CFS... 41 PCT OF 12   CFS AVERAGE

E/ CARSON RIVER BASIN ABOVE LAHONTAN RESERVOIR...
DECEMBER 17 FLOWS AND PERCENT OF AVERAGE FOR THIS DATE ON THE
CARSON RIVER ABOVE LAHONTAN RESERVOIR WERE AS FOLLOWS...

EAST FK CARSON NR MARKLEEVILLE........  WAS UNAVAILABLE DUE TO ICE
EAST FK CARSON NR GARDNERVILLE........  WAS UNAVAILABLE DUE TO ICE
WEST FK CARSON AT WOODFORDS...........  WAS UNAVAILABLE DUE TO ICE
CARSON RVR NR CARSON CITY.............  WAS UNAVAILABLE DUE TO ICE
CARSON RVR NR FT CHURCHILL............  WAS UNAVAILABLE DUE TO ICE

CARSON RIVER BELOW LAHONTAN RESERVOIR...
DECEMBER 17 STORAGE ON LAHONTAN RESERVOIR WAS 9062 ACRE FEET...3 PERCENT
OF CAPACITY...OR 7 PERCENT OF THE DECEMBER 31 AVERAGE. RELEASE FROM
LAHONTAN ON DECEMBER 17 WAS 1.2 CFS...3 PCT OF THE 40 CFS AVERAGE.

F/ WALKER RIVER BASIN...
AS OF DECEMBER 17...STORAGE ON BRIDGEPORT RESERVOIR WAS 6860 ACRE
FEET...16 PERCENT OF CAPACITY...AND 38 PCT OF THE DECEMBER 31 AVERAGE.
STORAGE ON TOPAZ WAS 6550 AF...11 PCT OF CAPACITY...30 PCT OF THE
DECEMBER 31 AVERAGE.

DECEMBER 17 FLOWS AND PERCENT OF AVERAGE FOR THIS DATE ON THE WALKER
RIVER WERE AS FOLLOWS...

E WALKER RVR BLW BRIDGEPORT RSVR.  25 CFS.. 58 PCT OF  43 CFS AVG
W WALKER RVR ABV TOPAZ RSVR......  WAS UNAVAILABLE DUE TO ICE
W WALKER RVR BLW TOPAZ RSVR......  WAS UNAVAILABLE DUE TO ICE
WALKER RIVER NEAR MASON..........  WAS UNAVAILABLE DUE TO MAINTENANCE
WALKER RVR NR WABUSKA............   0 CFS..  0 PCT OF 103 CFS AVG
WALKER RVR BLW WEBER DAM NR SCHURZ  0 CFS..  0 PCT OF  56 CFS AVG

G/ HUMBOLDT RIVER BASIN...
IN EARLY DECEMBER...STORAGE ON RYE PATCH RESERVOIR WAS 10192 ACRE
FEET...5 PERCENT OF CAPACITY...OR 13 PCT OF THE NOVEMBER 30 AVERAGE.

DECEMBER 17 FLOWS AT VARIOUS POINTS ON THE HUMBOLDT RIVER BASIN WERE AS
FOLLOWS...

MARYS RVR NR DEETH...........  4.6 CFS......  35 PCT OF THE   13 CFS AVG
HUMBOLDT RVR NR CARLIN.......    WAS UNAVAILABLE DUE TO ICE
HUMBOLDT RVR AT PALISADE.....    WAS UNAVAILABLE DUE TO ICE
HUMBOLDT RVR AT BATTLE MTN ..    WAS UNAVAILABLE DUE TO ICE
HUMBOLDT RVR AT COMUS.......     WAS UNAVAILABLE DUE TO ICE
HUMBOLDT RVR AT IMLAY.......     0 CFS......   0 PCT OF THE   83 CFS AVG
HUMBOLDT BLW RYE PATCH DAM..  0.07 CFS......  .1 PCT OF THE   38 CFS AVG

H/ JARBIDGE RIVER...
ON DECEMBER 17...FLOWS ON THE JARBIDGE RIVER AT JARBIDGE NEVADA WERE
ABOUT 8.5 CFS OR 133 PERCENT OF THE AVERAGE FLOW OF 6.4 CFS FOR THIS
DATE.

I/ OWYHEE RIVER...
ON DECEMBER 17...STORAGE ON WILDHORSE RESERVOIR WAS 10150 AF...
14 PERCENT OF CAPACITY AND 31 PERCENT OF THE DECEMBER 31 AVERAGE.

J/ SOUTHERN NEVADA...
DECEMBER 17 STORAGE ON LAKE MEAD WAS 10005 THOUSAND AF...38 PERCENT
OF CAPACITY...AND 49 PERCENT OF THE DECEMBER 31 AVERAGE.

ON DECEMBER 17 THE FLOW ON THE COLORADO RIVER NEAR GRAND CANYON ARIZONA
ABOVE LAKE MEAD WAS APPROXIMATELY 15000 CFS...146 PCT OF THE AVERAGE
OF 10300 CFS FOR THIS DATE. THE DECEMBER 17 FLOW ON THE VIRGIN RIVER
ABOVE LAKE MEAD NEAR OVERTON WAS APPROXIMATELY 125 CFS...74 PCT OF
THE AVERAGE OF 169 CFS FOR THIS DATE. THE DECEMBER 17 FLOW ON THE
MUDDY RIVER NEAR GLENDALE NEVADA WAS APPROXIMATELY 39 CFS...91 PCT OF
THE AVERAGE OF 43 CFS FOR THIS DATE.

6/ LONG RANGE WEATHER OUTLOOK FOR NEVADA... FROM THE NATIONAL
WEATHER SERVICE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER...

THE OUTLOOK FOR THE MONTHS OF JANUARY THROUGH MARCH IS FOR ABOVE
NORMAL TEMPERATURES FOR ALL OF NEVADA EXCEPT THE VERY FAR EASTERN
BORDER AREA OF NEVADA WHERE THE OUTLOOK IS FOR EQUAL CHANCES OF
ABOVE...BELOW AND NEAR NORMAL TEMPERATURES.

THE PRECIPITATION OUTLOOK IS FOR ABOVE NORMAL PRECIPITATION FOR
THE SOUTHERN TWO THIRDS OF NEVADA ALONG AND SOUTH OF A LINE FROM
CEDARVILLE, CALIFORNIA TO ELY, NEVADA. THE OUTLOOK FOR THE
REMAINDER OF THE AREA IS FOR EQUAL CHANCES OF ABOVE...NEAR AND
BELOW NORMAL PRECIPITATION.

NEXT ISSUANCE DATE...THIS DROUGHT STATEMENT WILL BE UPDATED IN MID
JANUARY.

&&

RELATED WEB SITES...
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON CURRENT DROUGHT AND HYDROLOGIC CONDITIONS
MAY BE FOUND AT THE FOLLOWING WEB ADDRESSES /USE LOWER CASE LETTERS.

U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR.........................  DROUGHTMONITOR.UNL.EDU
NOAA DROUGHT PAGE...WHICH INCLUDES DROUGHT MONITOR......  DROUGHT.GOV
CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER.....................  WWW.CPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV

NWS ADVANCED HYDROLOGIC PREDICTION SERVICE...  WATER.WEATHER.GOV/AHPS
USGS HYDROLOGIC MONITORING.....................  WATERWATCH.USGS.GOV

NWS CALIFORNIA NEVADA RIVER FORECAST CENTER......  WWW.CNRFC.NOAA.GOV

NWS NORTHWEST RIVER FORECAST CENTER...........
WWW.NWRFC.NOAA.GOV/WS/

NWS COLORADO BASIN RIVER FORECAST CENTER........  WWW.CBRFC.NOAA.GOV/

NEVADA NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE...
WWW.NV.NRCS.USDA.GOV/SNOW/

NWS CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER LONG RANGE OUTLOOK MAPS...
WWW.CPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/PRODUCTS/FORECASTS/

NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE...
HTTP://WWW.NV.NRCS.USDA.GOV/SNOW/INDEX.HTML

CALIFORNIA DEPT. OF WATER RESOURCES............ CDEC.WATER.CA.GOV/
CALIFORNIA WATER CONDITIONS..... WWW.WATER.CA.GOV/WATERCONDITIONS/
ASSOCIATION OF CALIFORNIA WATER AGENCIES...........  WWW.ACWA.COM

NEVADA DIVISION OF WATER RESOURCES.................. WATER.NV.GOV/
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE RENO................... WEATHER.GOV/RENO
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE ELKO..................  WEATHER.GOV/ELKO
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE LAS VEGAS.........  WEATHER.GOV/LASVEGAS

TRUCKEE MEADOWS WATER AUTHORITY........................  TMWA.COM
SOUTHERN NEVADA WATER AUTHORITY........................  SNWA.COM
LAS VEGAS VALLEY WATER DISTRICT........................ LVVWD.COM

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE.........  WWW.USDA.GOV/DROUGHT U.S.
DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FARM SERVICES AGENCY... WWW.FSA.USDA.GOV

U.S. FOREST SERVICE WILDFIRE ASSESSMENT SYSTEM FIRE DANGER CLASS...
HTTP://WWW.WFAS.NET/IMAGES/FIREDANGER/FD_CLASS.PNG

NATIONAL SIGNIFICANT WILDLAND FIRE POTENTIAL OUTLOOK...
HTTP://WWW.PREDICTIVESERVICES.NIFC.GOV/OUTLOOKS/MONTHLY_
SEASONAL_OUTLOOK.PDF

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS...
THE DROUGHT MONITOR IS A SYNTHESIS OF MULTIPLE DROUGHT INDICES AND
IMPACTS THAT REPRESENTS A CONSENSUS OF SCIENTISTS IN MANY
FEDERAL...STATE AND LOCAL AGENCIES...AS WELL AS PRIVATE FIRMS.  THE
DROUGHT MONITOR IS USED NATIONWIDE BY THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF
AGRICULTURE TO DETERMINE DROUGHT SEVERITY...TO DECLARE DROUGHT AND
IS THE MECHANISM USED TO PROVIDE AID TO THE AGRICULTURAL COMMUNITY.

INFORMATION FOR THIS STATEMENT HAS BEEN GATHERED FROM NWS AND U.S.
GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OBSERVATION SITES...US BLM...CALIFORNIA AND NEVADA
DIVISIONS OF WATER RESOURCES AND STATE CLIMATOLOGISTS...NEVADA
DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE...PERSHING COUNTY WATER CONSERVATION
DISTRICT...WALKER RIVER IRRIGATION DISTRICT...WALKER RIVER PAIUTE
TRIBE...FEDERAL WATER MASTERS...TRUCKEE/CARSON IRRIGATION
DISTRICT...AND NWS OFFICES IN RENO...ELKO AND LAS VEGAS.

QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS... IF YOU HAVE QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS ABOUT
THIS DROUGHT INFORMATION STATEMENT...PLEASE CONTACT...

NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE
3720 PARADISE DRIVE
ELKO NV 89801
PHONE...775-778-6716
WEATHER.GOV/ELKO
LKN.WEBMASTER@NOAA.GOV

$$

LW



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