Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Sterling, VA

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000 FXUS61 KLWX 290757 AFDLWX Area Forecast Discussion National Weather Service Baltimore MD/Washington DC 357 AM EDT Fri Jul 29 2016 .SYNOPSIS... An area of low pressure will move offshore this morning, although a stalled front will remain in place across the area through this weekend. Another area of low pressure will track along the front on Sunday. The front will move southward on Monday, with high pressure building in early next week. && .NEAR TERM /THROUGH TONIGHT/... Earlier convection has morphed into stratiform, synoptically-driven rain as an area of weak low pressure moves off the coast. This rain should be departing the area around daybreak. Some light fog may be found in its wake. For the rest of today, there will be much less forcing for ascent, and lower clouds may hang around well through the morning. Northerly flow behind the departing low may also advect some slightly drier air into the region. However, with the weak boundary still draped across the area and potential for embedded vorticity in the flow aloft, can`t rule out a shower or storm from developing. Will focus the higher POPs (but still low chance) near the mountains. While a few spots could top 90, it`s finally looking like the majority of the area will remain in the mid to upper 80s today. Tonight, some moisture will begin advecting into the area ahead of a trough to the west. However, forcing will be weak, so will only carry low POPs for showers. Lows will be in the upper 60s to lower 70s. && .SHORT TERM /SATURDAY THROUGH SUNDAY NIGHT/... Troughing over the Ohio Valley will focus broad ascent on the Mid- Atlantic for Saturday. Expect shower and thunderstorm chances to increase throughout the day. Mass fields/moisture transport are less impressive than Thursday, but seasonably high PWAT will be focused on the stalled front with weak steering flow, so heavy rain and flooding could again become a concern. Due to clouds and widespread precipitation, mid-level lapse rates will be poor, but given sufficient destabilization, storms could tap into 30+ kt deep layer shear and become locally strong. Marginal Risk covers this threat for now. There should be a break in the precipitation by later Saturday night. However, as the Ohio Valley troughing moves east, an area of low pressure will develop along the front on Sunday, once again leading to an increase in showers and thunderstorms. There isn`t a strong moisture connection to the Gulf with this round of storms, so coverage and intensity may be a little less than Saturday. As the low moves toward the coast and instability decreases, storms should diminish Sunday night. Expect temperatures this weekend to be within a few degrees of normal outside of storms. && .LONG TERM /MONDAY THROUGH THURSDAY/... Next week will start out with troughing aloft over the Northeast and Mid Atlantic States, which will provide for some relief from the heat and humidity that has been prevalent the past couple of weeks. However, this does appear to be short-lived as ridging builds back in by the end of the week. As far as sensible weather, the Monday through Wednesday time period should feel a bit more pleasant with reduced humidity and highs generally in the 80s and lows in the 60s. By late week however, will see temperatures reach back towards 90F. Pattern will be less active as well, with some lingering showers/thunderstorms possible Monday as base of trough swings through, but then drying out for much of the remainder of the week, aside from an isolated shower or thunderstorm. && .AVIATION /08Z FRIDAY THROUGH TUESDAY/... An area of rain crossing the area is resulting in IFR conditions at times. While the rain should largely exit the area by the morning push, the low clouds may linger along with light fog. Am not certain how quickly these cigs will lift, but VFR looks increasingly likely by midday. Large parts of today and tonight should be dry. Will hold off on including fog in tonight`s forecast for now as cloud cover could be abundant. Showers and thunderstorms will be likely both Saturday and Sunday, focused on the afternoon and evenings. Saturday has the better potential for heavy rain and locally strong storms. Predominantly VFR expected Monday and Tuesday of next week. A few lingering showers/thunderstorms possible Monday, and some patchy fog possible at night. && .MARINE... Early this morning, winds are generally 10 kt or less on the waters. Have continued the Small Craft Advisory since low pressure will still be moving away and there could be a surge of slightly higher winds this morning...although for the most part, models have backed off. As a result, moved the expiration time up to 4 PM, and this may be cancelled sooner. Threat of storms looks low today and tonight. Gradient winds should be light for the remainder of the weekend. The best chance for slightly increased flow will be as a low pressure system crosses the area. Gusty thunderstorms could occur both Saturday and Sunday during the afternoons and evenings. Mainly Sub-SCA conditions expected Monday and Tuesday. Some lingering showers/thunderstorms may produce some locally gusty winds on Monday. && .TIDES/COASTAL FLOODING... Tidal anomalies around one foot above normal early this morning have led to a few sites to crest above minor flood stage. Anomalies should lessen this afternoon, but further high tides will need to be monitored over the next couple of days, especially at our most sensitive site, Annapolis. && .LWX WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES... DC...Coastal Flood Advisory until 6 AM EDT early this morning for DCZ001. MD...None. VA...Coastal Flood Advisory until 6 AM EDT early this morning for VAZ054. WV...None. MARINE...Small Craft Advisory until 4 PM EDT this afternoon for ANZ530>534-537>543. && $$ SYNOPSIS...ADS NEAR TERM...ADS SHORT TERM...ADS LONG TERM...MM AVIATION...ADS/MM MARINE...ADS/MM TIDES/COASTAL FLOODING...MM

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