Drought Information Statement
Issued by NWS Melbourne, FL

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AXUS72 KMLB 131507
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FLZ041-044>047-053-054-058-059-064-141-144-147-140000-

Drought Information Statement
National Weather Service Melbourne FL
1107 AM EDT Thu Apr 13 2017

...Severe Drought Conditions Expand Across Much of East Central
Florida...

Synopsis...

Scattered showers and thunderstorms early in April produced some
locally higher rainfall amounts up to 2 to 3 inches across east
central Florida, especially through northern portions of Lake and
Volusia County. However, over much of the area precipitation was not
widespread or heavy enough to produce any relief from the much drier
than normal conditions in place. Currently, rainfall deficits since
the beginning of October are up to 5 to 10 inches below normal
across the region, and up to 3 to 6 inches below normal since the
start of the new year. For many locations this is around half of the
normal precipitation for these time periods. The continued overall
lack of rainfall has led to expanding moderate and severe drought
conditions over the area into mid April.

According to the latest Drought Monitor from April 13th, 2017...
*Severe Drought (D2) Conditions now extend from southern portions of
Lake, Orange, and Brevard counties southward through Okeechobee, St.
Lucie, and inland Martin counties.
*Moderate Drought (D1) Conditions extend across central Lake,
northern Orange, Seminole, northern Brevard, and southern Volusia
counties, as well as coastal Martin County.
*Abnormally Dry (D0) Conditions exist across northern portions of
Lake and Volusia counties.


Summary of Impacts...

State and Local Impacts:
According to the Florida Division of Forestry, as of April 12th,
burn bans are in effect for Seminole, Osceola, Brevard and
Okeechobee Counties. Additionally, Governor Rick Scott, on April
11th, issued a state of emergency in Florida due to the recent
increase in wildfires, and continued high potential for additional
brush fires to develop across the state.

Local agricultural and hydrological reports of slow to recover
pastures, as well as ponds and water holes drying up in east central
Florida, due to the prolonged dryness, have also been relayed by the
USDA.

Soil Moisture Conditions:
The highest Keetch-Byram Drought Index (KBDI) values are across
central and southern parts of east central Florida. KBDI values are
running above 500, and in some areas as high as 600 to 700 from
Orange and Brevard counties southward through Okeechobee and Martin
counties, which are indicative of moderate to severe drought
conditions for this time of year.

Groundwater Conditions:
The latest groundwater conditions from the United States Geological
Survey (USGS) as of Wednesday, April 12th indicate groundwater
levels for most observing locations are less than 25 percent of
normal for this time of year across east central Florida. These
levels are below to much below normal.

River and Stream Flow Conditions:
The latest seven day average streamflow from the USGS as of
Thursday, April 13th indicate varying streamflow levels across the
region. However, the majority are reporting levels below to much
below normal for this time of year, or less than 25 percent of
normal.

Fire Danger Hazards:
According to the National Interagency Fire Center, the potential for
significant wildland fires is above normal for all of east central
Florida.


Climate Summary...

Here are the latest rainfall statistics for select sites across east
central Florida:

Since October 1, 2016:

Station         Observed      Normal      Departure    Percent of
                Rainfall     Rainfall    From Normal     Normal

Daytona Beach    14.97"       20.84"       -5.87"          72%
Orlando           8.38"       17.87"       -9.49"          47%
Melbourne        12.40"       19.61"       -7.21"          63%
Vero Beach       13.07"       20.94"       -7.87"          62%
Clermont         12.06"       18.22"       -6.16"          66%
Lisbon           12.36"       18.77"       -6.41"          66%
DeLand           16.27"       26.34"      -10.07"          62%
Sanford WP       15.76"       19.70"       -3.94"          80%
Titusville WP    17.05"       21.00"       -3.95"          81%
Fort Pierce WP   11.25"       21.56"      -10.31"          52%
Stuart WP        11.65"       25.73"      -14.08"          45%
Kenansville       8.77"        N/A          N/A            N/A
Kiss. Prairie     7.64"        N/A          N/A            N/A

Since January 1, 2017:

Station         Observed      Normal      Departure    Percent of
                Rainfall     Rainfall    From Normal     Normal

Daytona Beach     6.20"       10.91"       -4.71"          57%
Orlando           3.03"        9.81"       -6.78"          31%
Melbourne         5.49"        9.10"       -3.61"          60%
Vero Beach        6.10"       10.56"       -4.46"          58%
Clermont          4.79"       10.67"       -5.88"          45%
Lisbon            8.93"       11.29"       -2.36"          79%
DeLand            8.46"       11.61"       -3.15"          73%
Sanford WP        5.40"       10.81"       -5.41"          50%
Titusville WP     5.22"       10.78"       -5.56"          48%
Fort Pierce WP    4.87"       10.43"       -5.56"          47%
Stuart WP         5.74"       12.69"       -6.95"          50%
Kenansville       4.70"        N/A          N/A            N/A
Kiss. Prairie     2.35"        N/A          N/A            N/A


Precipitation and Temperature Outlook...

The Climate Prediction Center`s (CPC) 6-10 and 8-14 day outlooks,
which cover the period through late April, indicate greater chances
for above normal temperatures persisting and for near to below
normal precipitation across the area.

Three Month Outlook (April-May-June): Currently CPC is forecasting
greater odds for above normal temperatures during this period, with
equal chances for above, near, and below normal precipitation. The
wet season, characterized by more daily occurrence of sea breeze
generated showers and storms, typically begins around late May
across east central Florida. As long as there is no significant
delay to the wet season, then rainfall deficits should gradually
improve into the summer.

Next Issuance Date...

The next drought statement will be issued in early May, or sooner if
significant changes in drought conditions occur.

&&

Related Web Sites...

Additional information on current drought conditions may be found at
the following web sites:

U.S. Drought Monitor: http://www.droughtmonitor.unl.edu
U.S. Drought Portal: http://www.drought.gov
Southeast Regional Climate Center: http://www.sercc.com
Climate Prediction Center: http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov
Florida Division of Forestry: http://www.freshfromflorida.com/
Division-Offices/Florida-Forest-Service
South Florida Water Management District: http://www.sfwmd.gov
Saint Johns River Water Management District: http://www.sjrwmd.com
United State Geological Survey Orlando: http://fl.water.usgs.gov
NWS Melbourne Dry Season Outlook: www.weather.gov/mlb/mlbnino

Acknowledgments: Information for this report was provided by the
following: The National Weather Service Climate Prediction Center,
Florida Division of Forestry, National Drought Mitigation Center,
the United States Geological Survey, South Florida Water Management
District, Saint Johns River Water Management District, and the
National Weather Service in Melbourne.

If you have any questions or comments on this drought information
statement, please contact:

National Weather Service Melbourne
421 Croton Rd
Melbourne FL 32935
Phone: 321-255-0212
Email: sr-mlb.webmaster@noaa.gov
Website: www.weather.gov/mlb

$$

Weitlich


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