Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Upton, NY

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000 FXUS61 KOKX 222350 AFDOKX Area Forecast Discussion National Weather Service New York NY 650 PM EST Wed Feb 22 2017 .SYNOPSIS... High pressure over the western Atlantic will influence the weather across the Tri-State through Thursday. A mild, damp, spring-like pattern Friday and Saturday will give way to a more seasonal pattern for the beginning of next week. && .NEAR TERM /UNTIL 6 AM THURSDAY MORNING/...
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The forecast is pretty much on track so far. Only minor adjustments made with this update. Main concern for tonight is the development of fog and low clouds. A light southerly flow over the area tonight will gradually increase low level moisture. Cooling surface temperatures with loss of heating in combination with weak warm advection above the surface will create a steepening temperature inversion. Moisture will become trapped beneath this inversion overnight into the early morning hours. Areas of fog and low stratus will likely result from these conditions. Have noted this signal in BUFKIT profiles from the HRRR, RAP and NAM-4km, but it could end up occurring around or after 09z. The fog and low stratus should then expand northward towards into the early morning hours. How low visibilities ultimately get is uncertain at this time, but dense fog is a possibility, mainly near the coast. Low temperatures will be in the upper 30s inland and low to mid 40s along the coast.
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&& .SHORT TERM /6 AM THURSDAY MORNING THROUGH THURSDAY NIGHT/... High pressure will remain across the western Atlantic, pumping a warm and moist southerly flow around it towards the local area. Aloft, a split flow pattern continues with core of northern stream well to our north and a slow moving upper low across the southeast states within the southern stream. Areas of fog and low stratus start the day on Thursday. The first forecast challenge is the duration. The fog should lift through the morning hours, but the stratus could hang on into the early afternoon. This creates another challenge with regards to temperatures. There is high confidence in seeing unseasonably warm temperatures for this time of year. However, how quickly clearing occurs will be important to how warm it gets away from the coast. Highs should be able to reach the middle and upper 60s north and west of the city where clearing occurs the quickest. In the NYC metro, readings will be in the lower to middle 60s. Further east across southern Connecticut and Long Island, temperatures will be held in the 50s to near 60 due to onshore flow. If the clouds clear quicker, then highs could end up warmer and some records could be broken. If clouds hang on longer, then highs could be held down several degrees from current forecast. For Thursday night, a weak boundary tries to move into the area from the north. The boundary likely stalls nearby overnight and acts as a focus for some areas of drizzle and fog development in a continued moist environment. There is also the chance of some rain along this boundary. Lows continue mild in the 40s to near 50 degrees. && .LONG TERM /FRIDAY THROUGH WEDNESDAY/... Not much change to the forecast for Friday through Sunday. The operational models are catching up with the conceptual model of light rain and drizzle Friday night into Saturday. The timing of the cold frontal passage has been narrowed down to the first part of Saturday night, with the GFS now latching onto the ECMWF timing. The models are showing some weak elevated instability in the vicinity of the cold frontal passage. It would be preferred however to have some solid upper level divergence to get thunderstorms going. As a result, they have been left out of the forecast for now based on the progged position of the upper jet in the 12Z data. If the jet streak ends up further south, they may need to be reintroduced to the forecast. There remain some questions for Monday. The GFS continues to bring a system through with some snow and rain. The ECMWF is now clipping the southern portion of the forecast area. Considering the system is currently near Barrow, Alaska, model agreement is actually pretty good. Chances for precipitation have been set at 30 percent for this event. The pattern then shifts again with southwesterly flow aloft developing Tuesday and Wednesday. The timing of the warm front and associated low are progged in the Tuesday night and Wednesday period per the model consensus, so chances for rain have been included in the forecast. && .AVIATION /00Z THURSDAY THROUGH MONDAY/...
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High pressure off the Mid Atlantic coast will produce a weak onshore flow across the terminals tonight and Thursday. VFR with conditions lowering to MVFR and IFR after 05Z as initially fog develops then stratus. MVFR to IFR remains into Thursday morning with conditions improving to VFR by late morning into the afternoon. Along the coast possible that conditions remain MVFR through much of the afternoon. Conditions lower once again after 23Z Thursday. Light and variable, to calm, winds at all terminals tonight before becoming S-SW Thursday. NY Metro Enhanced Aviation Weather Support... Detailed information, including hourly TAF wind component forecasts, can be found at: http:/ KJFK TAF Comments: Uncertainty exists in the timing and areal extent of developing IFR conditions late tonight, and with the timing of improvement back to VFR during Thursday. KLGA TAF Comments: Uncertainty exists in the timing of developing and areal extent of IFR conditions late tonight and toward Thursday morning, and with the timing of improvement to VFR Thursday morning. KEWR TAF Comments: Uncertainty exists in the timing of developing of MVFR conditions late tonight. There is a chance of IFR visibilities and possibly ceilings toward 12Z Thursday. There uncertainty with the timing of proving to VFR Thursday morning. KTEB TAF Comments: Uncertainty exists in the timing of developing of MVFR to IFR conditions late tonight into Thursday morning. Uncertainty with the timing of improvement to VFR late in the morning into the afternoon. KHPN TAF Comments: Uncertainty exists in the timing of developing IFR Conditions late tonight, and with improvement to VFR Thursday afternoon. KISP TAF Comments: Uncertainty exists in the timing of developing IFR Conditions late tonight, and with improvement to VFR Thursday afternoon. .OUTLOOK FOR 00Z FRIDAY THROUGH MONDAY... .Thursday night-Saturday...MVFR to IFR in stratus and fog. Likely improving to VFR during the day Friday before lowering again Friday night. Chance of light rain or drizzle. .Saturday night...MVFR likely with rain and a slight chance of thunderstorms early. Gusty S winds becoming NW. .Sunday...VFR...Gusty NW winds. .Monday...VFR early...becoming MVFR. Chance of rain or snow. Winds becoming S-SW around 10 kts.
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&& .MARINE... High pressure over the western Atlantic brings a weak pressure gradient and rather tranquil conditions to the local waters through Thursday night. Southerly wind gusts on the ocean could increase to close to 20 kt Thursday afternoon and evening. A southerly swell may also bring ocean seas to near 4 ft Thursday night. Otherwise, sub-sca conditions are expected. Winds and waves will remain below Small Craft Advisory levels Friday. Conditions will deteriorate Saturday, with criteria likely to be achieved Saturday night after a cold frontal passage. Small Craft Advisory conditions are then likely on Sunday, and possible on Monday. Winds and seas improve on Tuesday. && .HYDROLOGY... No hydrologic impacts are expected through Friday. Around an inch of rain is possible Saturday and Saturday night. Measurable precipitation is possible Monday and again Wednesday of next week. && .OKX WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES... CT...None. NY...None. NJ...None. MARINE...None. && $$ SYNOPSIS...12/DS NEAR TERM...JC/DS SHORT TERM...DS LONG TERM...12 AVIATION...MET MARINE...12/DS HYDROLOGY...12/DS is the U.S. government's official web portal to all federal, state and local government web resources and services.