Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Upton, NY

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430 FXUS61 KOKX 271952 AFDOKX AREA FORECAST DISCUSSION NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE NEW YORK NY 352 PM EDT WED APR 27 2016 .SYNOPSIS...
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HIGH PRESSURE WILL BUILD FROM THE NORTH THROUGH EARLY THURSDAY...THEN RETREAT NORTHEAST LATER THURSDAY AS LOW PRESSURE APPROACHES FROM THE OHIO VALLEY. THE LOW WILL PASS TO THE SOUTH AND EAST THURSDAY NIGHT INTO FRIDAY. HIGH PRESSURE WILL BRIEFLY BUILD IN ON SATURDAY BEFORE MOVING OFF THE COAST ON SUNDAY. LOW PRESSURE MAY IMPACT THE AREA ON MONDAY...AND UNSETTLED WEATHER COULD CONTINUE INTO THE MIDDLE OF THE WEEK.
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&& .NEAR TERM /UNTIL 6 AM THURSDAY MORNING/...
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AFTER A STRONG SHORTWAVE PIVOTING AROUND A LARGE CLOSED UPPER LOW OVER QUEBEC TRAVERSES NORTHERN NEW ENGLAND...MID LEVEL CONFLUENCE IN ITS WAVE SUPPORTS IDEA OF SFC HIGH PRESSURE STARTING TO MAKE A PUSH INTO OUR AREA LATE TONIGHT. WITH CLEAR SKIES AND LIGHT WINDS EXPECTED TONIGHT...ALSO A SHOT OF COLD/DRY AIR ADVECTION AS THE HIGH BUILDS IN...THINK LOW TEMPS WILL BOTTOM OUT AOB THE LOW SIDE OF MOS GUIDANCE. HAVE THEREFORE UPGRADED MOST OF SRN CT AND ORANGE/PUTNAM TO TO A FREEZE WARNING...WHERE LOWS SHOULD BOTTOM OUT IN THE UPPER 20S AND LOWER 30S...AND ALSO ADDED ALL ZONES JUST SOUTH OF ORANGE/PUTNAM TO THE FROST ADVY...WITH LOWS MOSTLY IN THE MID 30S. LOWS IN THE UPPER 30S/LOWER 40S WILL BE CONFINEDTO NYC AND SURROUNDING AREAS.
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&& .SHORT TERM /6 AM THURSDAY MORNING THROUGH THURSDAY NIGHT/...
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THE CANADIAN CLOSED LOW SHOULD MOVE SLOWLY EAST...ALLOWING A FLATTENING UPPER RIDGE ALOFT TO APPROACH BUT NOT QUITE MAKE IT THIS FAR EAST. AFTER A MOSTLY SUNNY START...CLOUDS SHOULD INCREASE THROUGH THE DAY AS LEADING SHORTWAVE ENERGY WELL AHEAD OF A WEAKENING CLOSED LOW IN THE MISSISSIPPI VALLEY ARRIVES ALOFT AND OVERTAKES THE FLATTENING RIDGE...WITH CHANCE OF LATE DAY SHOWERS FROM NYC SOUTH/WEST...AND EXPANDING TO WRN LONG ISLAND IN THE EVENING. ANOTHER LOBE OF THE CANADIAN HIGH BUILDING INTO NEW ENGLAND MAY PREVENT MUCH IF ANY PRECIP FORM EXPENDING FARTHER NORTH/EAST...BUT THIS IS UNCERTAIN...SO REST OF THE CWA CARRIES SLIGHT CHANCE POP. HIGHS ON THU SHOULD BE A LITTLE MILDER THAN THOSE OF TODAY AND ONLY A COUPLE OF DEG BELOW AVG...UPPER 50S AND LOWER 60S. LOWS THU NIGHT SHOULD BE IN THE MID 40S IN/NEAR NYC...UPPER 30S/LOWER 40S MOST ELSEWHERE.
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&& .LONG TERM /FRIDAY THROUGH TUESDAY/...
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UNSETTLED WEATHER PATTERN THROUGH THE LONG TERM AS MUCH OF THE LATEST ENSEMBLE GUIDANCE AGREE IN A NEGATIVE NAO/AO COMBINE WITH A SPLIT FLOW REGIME ACROSS THE CONUS. THE NAO/AO ARE FORECAST TO BECOME NEUTRAL LATE THIS WEEKEND AND EARLY NEXT WEEK. WHATS LEFT OF THE STRONG SOUTHERN STREAM TROUGH AND VORT ENERGY CURRENTLY ACROSS THE PLAINS WILL OPEN UP AND SLOWLY INTERACT WITH THE NORTHERN STREAM INTO FRIDAY AS DEEP UPPER LOW OVER SE CANADA MOVES INTO THE N. ATLANTIC. THIS VORT ENERGY AT 500 HPA APPROACHES ON FRIDAY WITH GOOD PVA AND MOVES SOUTH AND OFFSHORE FRIDAY NIGHT. MOISTURE DOES NOT LOOK OVERLY IMPRESSIVE AND THERE IS SOME UNCERTAINTY IN HOW MUCH SUBSIDENCE WILL REMAIN FROM SURFACE HIGH PRESSURE PRESSING DOWN FROM THE NORTH. HAVE INCREASED POPS FRIDAY AFTERNOON/EVENING BUT LIMITED THEM TO CHANCE...HIGHEST ACROSS SOUTH AND WESTERN PARTS OF THE AREA. THE DISTURBANCE IS QUITE PROGRESSIVE SO DRY CONDITIONS RETURN QUICKLY OVERNIGHT FRIDAY. A BRIEF RESPITE IN THE UNSETTLED PATTERN OCCURS ON SATURDAY WITH HIGH PRESSURE BUILDING AT THE SURFACE AND WEAK RIDGING ALOFT. FRONTAL BOUNDARY WILL LIE WELL SOUTH OF THE AREA ON SATURDAY. THIS WILL BE SHORT-LIVED AS FAIRLY POTENT SHORTWAVE ENERGY MOVES OUT OF THE PLAINS ON SUNDAY. SW FLOW ALOFT SHOULD HELP WITH INCREASING MOISTURE AS HIGH PRESSURE MOVES OFFSHORE. THE AMOUNT OF INTERACTION FROM THE SOUTHERN STREAM SHORTWAVE AND THE NORTHERN STREAM LEADS TO UNCERTAINTIES IN TIMING OF TRACK OF LOW PRESSURE DEVELOPING ALONG THE FRONTAL BOUNDARY. THE 12Z GFS AND CMC KEEP THE ENERGY SHEARED OUT AND BROAD WHILE THE 12Z ECMWF KEEPS A MORE COMPACT PIECE OF ENERGY ROUNDING THE BASE OF THE LARGER TROUGH. AT BASED ON THE LATEST MODEL CONSENSUS...LOW PRESSURE MOVES ACROSS THE AREA LATE SUNDAY NIGHT INTO MONDAY...WITH UNCERTAINTY ON WHETHER IT TRACKS SOUTH OF LONG ISLAND OR FURTHER TO THE NORTH. HAVE INCREASED POPS TO HIGH CHANCE SUNDAY NIGHT INTO MONDAY WITH THIS PACKAGE. CONFIDENCE IN THIS SYSTEM OCCURRING HAS INCREASED...BUT UNCERTAINTIES ARE QUITE HIGH IN TIMING OF SMALLER SCALE FEATURES. THE SYSTEM MOVES OFFSHORE MONDAY NIGHT INTO TUESDAY. TROUGHING OVER THE EASTERN STATES IS DEPICTED ON LATEST GFS/EPS ENSEMBLE MEANS AFTER THIS SYSTEM PASSES...SO THE PATTERN COULD REMAIN UNSETTLED INTO THE MIDDLE OF THE WEEK. BELOW AVG TEMPERATURES ARE FORECAST THROUGH THE PERIOD. DEPENDING ON WHERE THE LOW ON MONDAY TRACKS...TEMPERATURES COULD STRUGGLE TO RISE OUT OF THE 40S. DID NOT GO THIS LOW RIGHT NOW...BUT IT IS WORTH NOTING THIS POTENTIAL WITH IT BEING EARLY MAY.
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&& .AVIATION /19Z WEDNESDAY THROUGH MONDAY/...
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VFR AS HIGH PRES BUILDS OVER THE REGION THROUGH THURSDAY. LOW PRES APPROACHES LATE THURSDAY AND THURSDAY NIGHT. SEA BREEZES THROUGH COASTAL TERMINALS. WIND SPEEDS SHOULD BE 10 KT OR LESS. WINDS BECOME LGT/VRB THIS EVENING...AND THEN WILL BECOME E AT 10 KT OR LESS THURSDAY MORNING. ...NY METRO ENHANCED AVIATION WEATHER SUPPORT... DETAILED INFORMATION...INCLUDING HOURLY TAF WIND COMPONENT FCSTS CAN BE FOUND AT: HTTP:/WWW.WEATHER.GOV/ZNY/N90 (LOWER CASE) KJFK FCSTER COMMENTS: NO UNSCHEDULED AMD EXPECTED. KLGA FCSTER COMMENTS: NO UNSCHEDULED AMD EXPECTED. KEWR FCSTER COMMENTS: NO UNSCHEDULED AMD EXPECTED. KTEB FCSTER COMMENTS: NO UNSCHEDULED AMD EXPECTED. KHPN FCSTER COMMENTS: NO UNSCHEDULED AMD EXPECTED. KISP FCSTER COMMENTS: NO UNSCHEDULED AMD EXPECTED. .OUTLOOK FOR 20Z THURSDAY THROUGH MONDAY... .THU AFTERNOON THROUGH FRI NIGHT...MVFR POSSIBLE IN LIGHT RAIN. .SAT...VFR. .SUNDAY THROUGH MON...MVFR OR LOWER POSSIBLE IN RAIN.
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&& .MARINE...
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WITH INCREASING NE FLOW ON FRIDAY...WINDS AND SEAS ON THE OCEAN MAY APPROACH MINIMAL SCA LEVELS. SCA CONDITIONS ARE ALSO POSSIBLE LATE SUNDAY INTO MONDAY AS LOW PRESSURE MAY IMPACT THE WATERS.
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&& .HYDROLOGY...
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THERE IS POTENTIAL FOR AN AVERAGE OF AN INCH OF RAINFALL LATE SUNDAY INTO MONDAY.
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&& .OKX WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
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CT...FROST ADVISORY FROM MIDNIGHT TONIGHT TO 8 AM EDT THURSDAY FOR CTZ009. FREEZE WARNING FROM MIDNIGHT TONIGHT TO 8 AM EDT THURSDAY FOR CTZ005>008-010>012. NY...FROST ADVISORY FROM MIDNIGHT TONIGHT TO 8 AM EDT THURSDAY FOR NYZ069-070-079-081. FREEZE WARNING FROM MIDNIGHT TONIGHT TO 8 AM EDT THURSDAY FOR NYZ067-068. NJ...FROST ADVISORY FROM MIDNIGHT TONIGHT TO 8 AM EDT THURSDAY FOR NJZ002-103. MARINE...NONE.
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&& $$ SYNOPSIS...JMC/GOODMAN NEAR TERM...GOODMAN SHORT TERM...GOODMAN LONG TERM...JMC AVIATION...MPS MARINE...JMC/GOODMAN HYDROLOGY...JMC/GOODMAN

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