Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Upton, NY

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000 FXUS61 KOKX 192202 AFDOKX Area Forecast Discussion National Weather Service New York NY 602 PM EDT Thu Oct 19 2017 .SYNOPSIS...
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A weak cold frontal passage will occur late tonight. High pressure will dominate from Friday through Monday, moving offshore Sunday through Monday. A slow moving frontal system will then approach the area Tuesday into Tuesday night with a cold frontal passage by early Wednesday. The front is slow to depart farther away with a wave of low pressure developing along it and approaching the area mid into late next week.
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&& .NEAR TERM /UNTIL 6 AM FRIDAY MORNING/...
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An upper level system will track across Hudson Bay and into northern Quebec tonight. This will drag a cold front across the forecast area late tonight. There is very little moisture to work with so the frontal passage will be dry. Winds will gradually shift from the Southwest to the Northwest overnight. Lows tonight fall into the 40s and 50s. A MAV/MET/ECS blend was in good agreement and used.
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&& .SHORT TERM /6 AM FRIDAY MORNING THROUGH FRIDAY NIGHT/... High pressure builds back into the region behind the cold front. Winds will remain from the Northwest and gust into the upper teens and lower 20s. There is a chance that gusts could be slightly higher than forecast based on the amount of mixing that occurs. Conditions remain dry. Winds gradually diminish overnight, becoming light and variable across the interior. Max temperatures will climb into the upper 60s and lower 70s on Friday, with lows Friday night falling into the 40s and 50s. A MAV/MET/ECS blend was used for the short term temperatures. && .LONG TERM /SATURDAY THROUGH THURSDAY/...
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Warming trend for the weekend through Monday as the jet stream remains north of the region with upper level ridging. At this surface, the dominant feature will be high pressure eventually moving offshore and the resulting S-SW flow. Mainly clear sky conditions are expected to continue this weekend. Clouds increase Monday into Monday night ahead of the next frontal system. The next chance of rain showers arrives late Monday night into Tuesday, when a deep upper level trough approaches from the west. The trough further deepens Tuesday along the Eastern Seaboard with increasing meridional flow. This will give plentiful moisture to a developing frontal system at the surface. The frontal system will be approaching the region Tuesday into Tuesday night with the region being in the warm sector to the east of the low with strengthening southerly flow, thereby increasing warm air advection. Precipitable water increases to near 1.5 inches from the moisture advection. This is much above normal for this time of year. According to OKX sounding climatology, it would be above the 90th percentile. Some moderate to heavy rainfall will be possible. The cold front moves across Wednesday morning, with a substantial decrease in precipitable water thereafter to less than 1 inch. The front slows down and is slow to depart away from the region. The numerical forecast models show weak low pressure development along it and the low approaching the region mid into late next week, with rain shower chances continuing. Temperatures are expected to be well above normal this weekend through Tuesday with a gradual decline thereafter. Highs this weekend through Tuesday are forecast to be well into the 70s with lows trending to be well into the 50s and near 60 for some locations along the coast and NYC. The highs are forecast to be more in the 60s for next Wednesday and next Thursday.
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&& .AVIATION /22Z THURSDAY THROUGH TUESDAY/...
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High pressure remains across the mid Atlantic states into tonight as low pressure tracks through eastern Canada. A weak cold front, associated with the low, moves across the terminals late tonight dry. High pressure builds in from the west during Friday. Winds SW to SSW around 10 kt with occasional gusts up to 20 kt diminish early this evening. Winds then veering to the W to WNW less than 10 kt. Winds will be right around 310 true during Friday, around 10 kt with frequent gusts up to 20 kt. NY Metro Enhanced Aviation Weather Support... Detailed information...including hourly TAF wind component fcsts can be found at: http:/www.weather.gov/zny/n90 KJFK TAF Comments: Wind may vary from 190 to 220 the next few hours. KLGA TAF Comments: Occasional gusts up to 18 kt early this evening. KEWR TAF Comments: No unscheduled amendments expected. KTEB TAF Comments: No unscheduled amendments expected. KHPN TAF Comments: No unscheduled amendments expected. KISP TAF Comments: No unscheduled amendments expected. .OUTLOOK FOR 18Z FRIDAY THROUGH TUESDAY... .Friday afternoon-Friday night...VFR. NW winds G15-20KT through late afternoon. .Saturday-Monday...VFR. .Tuesday...MVFR possible in showers.
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&& .MARINE... A quick round of marginal small craft advisory level winds and seas are expected this evening and overnight on the eastern and central ocean waters. Elsewhere, winds and seas will generally be below small craft advisory levels through Friday night. There could be some nearshore gusts approaching 25 kt Friday afternoon on northwest flow. With high pressure dominating, expecting overall a weak enough pressure gradient to keep conditions below SCA this weekend through Monday night on the waters. SCA will be probable for Tuesday ahead of a cold front as southerly winds strengthen the southerly fetch. Both wind gusts and seas are forecast to meet SCA thresholds for the ocean for Tuesday and perhaps all waters Tuesday night. && .FIRE WEATHER... A special weather statement remains posted for interior Connecticut for enhanced fire weather spread this evening. After a wind shift tonight, an elevated fire weather risk is again likely on Friday. In fact, relative humidity is likely to be lower on Friday. An SPS will be issued for the entire CWA later this evening. && .HYDROLOGY... No hydrologic problems are expected through Monday night. For Tuesday through early Wednesday, heavy rain will be possible at times with potential areas of 1 inch or higher. There is much uncertainty with exact rainfall amounts. Urban and poor drainage flooding will be possible. && .OKX WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES... CT...None. NY...None. NJ...None. MARINE...Small Craft Advisory until 6 AM EDT Friday for ANZ350-353. && $$ SYNOPSIS...BC/JM NEAR TERM...BC SHORT TERM...BC LONG TERM...JM AVIATION...DW/MET MARINE...BC/JM FIRE WEATHER...BC HYDROLOGY...JM

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