Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Upton, NY

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000 FXUS61 KOKX 222014 AFDOKX Area Forecast Discussion National Weather Service New York NY 414 PM EDT Fri Sep 22 2017 .SYNOPSIS...
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Post Tropical Cyclone Jose will meander and weaken to the southeast of Long Island through Saturday night as high pressure remains centered over the eastern Great Lakes, and extends into the northeast, into the beginning of next week. Meanwhile, Hurricane Maria tracks well offshore of the east coast. A cold front passes through the region Wednesday night into Thursday. High pressure builds to the northwest next Friday. Please refer to National Hurricane Center products for more details on Jose and Maria.
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&& .NEAR TERM /UNTIL 6 AM SATURDAY MORNING/...
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Upper levels still exhibit the persistent pattern of a strong high amplitude ridge across the Eastern US. Upper jet remains displaced well north into interior SE Canada. For tonight, the weakening post tropical cyclone Jose will keep clouds and some occasional light showers across parts of Long Island and Southeast Connecticut. Otherwise, mainly dry conditions are expected. Northerly winds will still be gusty at times through the evening and just remain gusty at the coast late tonight. A combination of MAV/MET/NAM12/GMOS was used for min temperatures tonight. Lowered an extra degree for far western parts of the region, interior Northeast NJ and western parts of Lower Hudson Valley and increased an extra degree for Eastern Long Island and Southeast Connecticut. Looking at a range from the upper 50s to upper 60s.
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&& .SHORT TERM /6 AM SATURDAY MORNING THROUGH SATURDAY NIGHT/...
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Upper levels still exhibit the persistent pattern of a strong high amplitude ridge across the Eastern US Saturday and Saturday night. Upper jet remains displaced well north into interior SE Canada. For Saturday, high pressure will approach closer to the region and along with it, bring an increase in subsidence. Jose is forecast to further weaken. A dry day is forecast with more sun as clouds will be less than the prior day. The pressure gradient will further decrease across the area. Northerly winds will lower as a result. The warmer MAV was preferred for temperatures due to recent better performance. A combination of MAV and GMOS was used for max temperatures, yielding a range from the upper 70s to upper 80s. For Saturday night, high pressure builds in a little more with continued subsidence. Further weakening of Jose will create an even weaker pressure gradient with winds likewise diminishing. Radiational cooling will be result in lower minimum temperatures Saturday night. Used relatively cooler MET guidance for Saturday night lows.
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&& .LONG TERM /SUNDAY THROUGH FRIDAY/...
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The longwave pattern will continue to be highly amplified with a strong upper ridge over the eastern states, with a trough across the western states, that will remain in place through the beginning of next week with dry conditions and temperatures above seasonal normals. There is a possibility of tying or breaking record highs for Sunday. See the climate section for more information. Meanwhile, Hurricane Maria will track slowly north, east of the eastern seaboard, then northeast through most of the upcoming week as post tropical Jose remains southeast of Cape Cod and dissipates Sunday. Refer to the latest advisories from the National Hurricane Center for the latest forecast information on Jose and Maria. The longwave pattern will transition mid to late next week as a trough digs into the northern plains and Great Lakes region and then moves east as the eastern ridge weakens. This will bring an end to the above normal temperatures. A cold front is expected to cross the area Wednesday night into Thursday. There is some uncertainty with the timing of the digging trough and the cold front crossing the area. However, there will be little moisture accompanying the front and portions of the region may be brushed with the outer bands of showers from Maria late in the week. So, will have mainly slight chance probabilities Wednesday night into Thursday. Weak ridging begins to build to the west Thursday into next Friday. Due to long period swells from both Jose and Maria, there will be a prolonged period of rough surf at the ocean beaches, with the likelihood of a high risk of rip currents.
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&& .AVIATION /20Z FRIDAY THROUGH WEDNESDAY/...
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Jose will meander off the southern New England coast thru Sat. Generally vfr thru the taf period. Pockets of mvfr at kgon thru 10- 12z with cigs around 2000 ft at times. N winds thru the taf period. Gusts will diminish tngt, especially away from the shore. Winds on Sat in the 10-20 kt range. ...NY Metro Enhanced Aviation Weather Support... Detailed information, including hourly TAF wind component forecasts, can be found at: http:/www.weather.gov/zny/n90 KJFK TAF Comments: No unscheduled amendments are expected. KLGA TAF Comments: No unscheduled amendments are expected. KEWR TAF Comments: Winds could back to around 330-340 true at times thru 00z. KTEB TAF Comments: Gusts may only be ocnl thru 00z. KHPN TAF Comments: No unscheduled amendments are expected. KISP TAF Comments: A stray sprinkle is possible thru 00z. .OUTLOOK FOR 18Z SATURDAY THROUGH WEDNESDAY... .Rest of Sat...VFR with n flow. .Sun...VFR with n flow. .Mon...VFR with ne flow. .Tue-Wed...MVFR possible with e flow.
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&& .MARINE...
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SCA conditions remain on all waters except the Western Long Island sound and NY Harbor through 6PM. Then, SCA conditions will be primarily across the ocean and Eastern Long Island Sound and Eastern Long Island Bays for tonight. SCA conditions gradually trend down after tonight with just the ocean having SCA conditions Saturday. By Saturday night, ocean still has SCA but at during that time, it is primarily due to seas being mostly dependent on the long period swell. Winds diminish Saturday with the decrease in pressure gradient. Long period swells are expected to remain on the ocean waters Sunday through the upcoming week, and a small craft advisory will likely be needed through the period. Across the remainder of the waters winds and gusts are expected to remain below advisory levels Sunday through Wednesday night. Gusts behind a cold front late Thursday and Thursday night may reach small craft levels across all the forecast waters.
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&& .HYDROLOGY...
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No hydrologic problems anticipated through the end of next week.
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&& .TIDES/COASTAL FLOODING... Post Tropical Cyclone Jose will remain nearly stationary a couple hundred miles SE of eastern Long Island, with Ekman forcing keeping elevated water levels along the coast despite offshore winds. Water levels should gradually drop tonight into the weekend. Historically, guidance is too fast to bring down water levels in the back shore bays when there is a persistent onshore long period swell, so have continued the coastal flood advisory from Brooklyn through southwest Suffolk County through tonights high tide. There is some potential that there could be some very , localized minor flooding at the most vulnerable south shore bay locales Saturday morning. This threat can be addressed with a coastal flood statement if it looks like this threat will be realized. Rough surf will also continue into the weekend, but dune erosion from this point on should be localized. && .CLIMATE...
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The following are record high temperatures for Sunday September 24, 2017 along with the forecast high temperature. Record High Temperature Forecast High Temperature ----------------------------- ------------------------- Central Park........89 (1959) 89 LaGuardia...........89 (1959) 88 Kennedy.............88 (1970) 87 Islip...............83 (2009) 86 Newark..............92 (1959) 90 Bridgeport..........87 (1959) 84 The following are record maximum minimum temperatures for Sunday September 24, 2017 along with the forecast minimum temperature. Record Max Minimum Temperature Forecast Minimum Temperature ------------------------------ ---------------------------- Central Park........74 (1970) 70 LaGuardia...........73 (1970) 71 Kennedy.............71 (1970) 69 Islip...............69 (1970) 65 Newark..............74 (1970) 68 Bridgeport..........71 (2011) 66
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&& .OKX WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
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CT...None. NY...High Rip Current Risk until 7 PM EDT this evening for NYZ075- 080-081-178-179. Coastal Flood Advisory until 4 AM EDT Saturday for NYZ075-080- 178-179. NJ...None. MARINE...Small Craft Advisory until 6 AM EDT Saturday for ANZ330-340. Small Craft Advisory until 6 AM EDT Sunday for ANZ350-353-355. Small Craft Advisory until 6 PM EDT this evening for ANZ345.
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&& $$ SYNOPSIS...JM/MET NEAR TERM...JM SHORT TERM...JM LONG TERM...MET AVIATION...JMC MARINE...JM/MET HYDROLOGY...JM/MET TIDES/COASTAL FLOODING... CLIMATE...

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