Quantitative Precipitation Forecast
Issued by NWS

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000
FXUS04 KWBC 020931
QPFPFD

QUANTITATIVE PRECIPITATION FORECAST DISCUSSION
NWS WEATHER PREDICTION CENTER COLLEGE PARK MD
530 AM EDT SUN AUG 02 2015


FINAL DAY 1...DAY 2 AND DAY 3 QPF DISCUSSION
VALID AUG 02/1200 UTC THRU AUG 05/1200 UTC
REFERENCE AWIPS GRAPHICS UNDER...PRECIP ACCUM - 24HR



DAY 1...


...SOUTHEAST/FL...

DEEP TROPICAL MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY WILL FEED SURGES OF
CONVECTION THAT TRACK ALONG A SURFACE TROUGH FROM THE EASTERN GULF
OF MEXICO ACROSS PORTIONS OF NORTHERN FL DURING DAY 1...PRODUCING
HEAVY TO EXCESSIVE RAINFALL. THE 00Z NAM APPEARS TO BE TOO QUICK
TO SCOUR THE MOISTURE AND DEVELOP A SURFACE WAVE ON THE
TROUGH...RESULTING INTO TOO LITTLE QPF FOR NORTHERN FL...GIVEN THE
MOISTURE PROFILE. THERE IS SOME SPREAD BETWEEN THE 00Z GFS/ECMWF
CONCERNING THE POSITION OF THE MAXIMUM QPF (WITH 00Z GFS A BIT
FURTHER NORTH...THE 00Z ECMWF A BIT FURTHER SOUTH). EACH SOLUTION
HAS SUPPORT FROM OTHER MODELS...WHICH LEADS TO A BELOW AVERAGE
CONFIDENCE CONCERNING THE PLACEMENT OF THE MAXIMUM QPF. FOR
NOW...A SOLUTION CLOSER TO THE 00Z GFS WAS PREFERRED...AS THIS IS
WHERE THE BEST LOW LEVEL CONVERGENCE IS EXPECTED.

THERE IS A LULL IN THE CONVECTION ACROSS PORTIONS OF NORTHERN AND
CENTRAL FL EARLY THIS MORNING...AS THE BEST MEAN LAYER INSTABILITY
REMAINS OFF THE WEST COAST OF THE PENINSULA. THE ACTIVITY SHOULD
REDEVELOP CLOSER TO 02/12Z...AS INSTABILITY INCREASES...AND THE
2.50 INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER PLUME OFF THE WEST COAST MOVES
EASTWARD. THE BEST LOW LEVEL MOISTURE FLUX IS CENTERED AROUND
02/18Z...AND SLOWLY TAILS OFF AFTER THAT TIME. THE BEST CONVECTION
IS EXPECTED BETWEEN 02/12Z AND 03/00Z...AFTER WHICH THE BEST LOW
AND MID LEVEL MOISTURE SHOULD BEGIN TO SLIDE TO THE EAST. THE HIGH
MOISTURE CONTENT OF THE AIR (ABOUT TWO STANDARD DEVIATIONS ABOVE
THE MEAN)...AS WELL AS THE POTENTIAL FOR TRAINING ACROSS PORTIONS
OF THE NORTHWEST PORTION OF THE PENINSULA...INDICATES THAT A BASIN
AVERAGE OF 3 TO 4 INCHES OF QPF SHOULD BE EXPECTED BETWEEN KCTY
AND KBKV.

AS MENTIONED EARLIER...THERE IS SOME SPREAD ON WHERE THE QPF
MAXIMUM OCCURS. THIS SEEMS TO BE TIED TO THE POSITION OF A SURFACE
TROUGH ALONG THE WEST COAST...AND THE LATITUDINAL DIFFERENCES
RESULT IN A LOWER THAN AVERAGE FORECAST FOR MAXIMUM QPF. IT SHOULD
BE NOTED THAT SOME OF THE 00Z HIGH RESOLUTION GUIDANCE...SUCH AS
THE 00Z WRF ARW AND 00Z REGIONAL GEM...SHOW THE POTENTIAL FOR AN
ADDITIONAL 6 TO 9 INCHES OF RAINFALL WHERE TRAINING OCCURS. LIKE
THE DIFFERENCES BETWEEN THE 00Z GFS/ECMWF...THE HIGH RESOLUTION
GUIDANCE ALSO SHOWS SPREAD ON THE PLACEMENT OF MAXIMUM QPF. GIVEN
THE SPREAD IN PLACE... A SLIGHT RISK AREA WAS PLACED OVER MUCH OF
THE WESTERN PORTION OF THE PENINSULA FROM KTPA NORTHWEST INTO THE
BIG BEND AREA.

OVER THE EAST COAST OF FL...LOW LEVEL CONVERGENCE ALONG A SURFACE
BOUNDARY/SEA BREEZE SHOULD PROVIDE A FOCUS FOR CONVECTION FROM
KTTS THROUGH KFPR. THERE IS A MULTI MODEL SIGNAL FOR A SWATH OF
0.75 TO 1.00 INCHES OF QPF ALONG THIS AXIS. HIGH RESOLUTIONS
GUIDANCE (SUCH AS THE 00Z WRF NMMB) SUGGEST LOCALLY HIGHER AMOUNTS
(CLOSE TO 2.00 INCHES) ARE POSSIBLE.


...MIDWEST/GREAT LAKES/OH VALLEY...

MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY AHEAD OF A COLD FRONT CROSSING THE GREAT
LAKES AND MIDWEST DURING DAY 1 WILL FEED DEVELOPING
CONVECTION...WHICH MAY PRODUCE LOCALLY HEAVY RAINFALL...ESPECIALLY
ACROSS THE GREAT LAKES. THE 00Z NAM APPEARS TO BE TOO AGGRESSIVE
WITH THE DEVELOPMENT OF A SURFACE WAVE ON THE FRONT ACROSS
MI...WHICH LEADS TO STRONG LOW LEVEL CONVERGENCE AND A WELL
DEVELOPED CONVECTIVE LINE WITH HEAVY RAINFALL ACROSS THE LP OF MI.
THE 00Z GFS/12Z ECMWF APPEARED TO HAVE A BETTER HANDLE ON THE
TIMING AND STRENGTH OF THE FRONT...AND THE WPC QPF WAS BASED MORE
ON THIS BLEND.

THE FIRST BATCH OF CONVECTION DEVELOPS AHEAD OF A SHORT WAVE THAT
TRACKS OUT OF CENTRAL CANADA INTO THE GREAT LAKES BEFORE 02/18Z.
MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY AHEAD OF THE SHORT WAVE SHOULD BE
SUFFICIENT FOR A CLUSTER OF STRONG CONVECTION TO DEVELOP AND MOVE
ACROSS PORTIONS OF EASTERN IA/NORTHERN AND CENTRAL IL INTO TO THE
MID AFTERNOON. WHILE THERE WILL BE ENOUGH MOISTURE AND LOW LEVEL
MOISTURE FLUX FOR LOCALLY HEAVY RAINFALL... THE CLUSTER SHOULD BE
MOVING WITH THE MID LEVEL FLOW...SO THE POTENTIAL FOR ORGANIZED
FLASH FLOODING DURING THIS TIME IS LOW.

THE MAIN THREAT FOR HEAVY RAINFALL COMES AFTER 02/18Z...AS A
STRONG SHORT WAVE DIVING SOUTH FROM CENTRAL CANADA CROSSES THE
UPPER GREAT LAKES. AHEAD OF THE SHORT WAVE AND SURFACE COLD
FRONT...A 40 TO 50 KNOT LOW LEVEL SOUTHWEST INFLOW TRANSPORTS
PRECIPITABLE WATER NEAR 1.50 INCHES INTO THE GREAT LAKES (MAINLY
WI/MI). MODEL SOUNDINGS SHOWED THAT INITIALLY DRY MID LEVELS
MOISTEN...SUGGESTING THAT THE COLUMN BECOMES MORE CONDUCIVE TO
HEAVY RAINFALL. THE MAIN THREAT FOR HEAVY RAINS SHOULD BE CENTERED
IN THE 30/00Z THROUGH 03/06Z TIME FRAME...AND A LARGE AREA OF 0.75
TO 1.25 INCHES OF QPF WAS PLACED OVER MI AND SOUTHEAST WI.

IT SHOULD BE NOTED THAT MOST GLOBAL/REGIONAL MODELS HAD MAXIMUM
QPF VALUES IN EXCESS OF 2.00 INCHES...THOUGH IN DIFFERENT
LOCATIONS (MAINLY ACROSS THE LP OF MI INTO NEARBY ONTARIO). THREE
HOUR FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE VALUES ARE GENERALLY ABOVE 2.00
INCHES...AND THE 14 DAY PRECIPITATION TOTALS HAVE BEEN RELATIVELY
LIGHT...SUGGESTING DRY ANTECEDENT CONDITIONS. WHILE THE MOISTURE
PROFILE IS IMPRESSIVE...THE STORMS THAT DEVELOP SHOULD MOVE WITH
THE MID LEVEL FLOW...SO OUTSIDE OF TRAINING...THE THREAT FOR
ORGANIZED FLASH FLOODING APPEARS TO BE LOW.


...WESTERN UNITED STATES...

MONSOONAL MOISTURE CONTINUES TO SURGE INTO THE SOUTHWEST
STATES...AND PORTIONS OF THE MOISTURE ARE DIVERTED INTO THE GREAT
BASIN AND SOUTHERN PLAINS. THE HIGH MOISTURE CONTENT
AIR...COMBINED WITH MARGINAL INSTABILITY AND LIFT FROM A SHORT
WAVE ACROSS THE SOUTHERN ROCKIES AND GREAT BASIN...IS EXPECTED TO
PRODUCE AN AREA OF SCATTERED TO BROKEN CONVECTION ACROSS THE AREA.
CONVECTION COULD PRODUCE HEAVY TO LOCALLY EXCESSIVE
RAINFALL...ESPECIALLY ACROSS PORTIONS OF THE SOUTHERN ROCKIES AND
GREAT BASIN. FOR THE MOST PART...THERE WAS GOOD MODEL AGREEMENT
WITH THE OVERALL SYNOPTIC SETUP...INCLUDING THE PLACEMENT OF THE
SHORT WAVE. WITH THIS IN MIND...THE WPC QPF WAS BASED ON A BLEND
OF THE 00Z NAM/GFS/ECMWF...AND WAS AUGMENTED BY THE 00Z WRF ARW TO
BETTER DEPICT HIGHER TERRAIN QPF MAXIMA.

CONVECTION CONTINUES TO DEVELOP ACROSS PORTIONS OF EASTERN NM
EARLY THIS MORNING...WHICH THEN TRACKS INTO NORTH TX. INSTABILITY
REMAINS IN PLACE ACROSS THE AREA...BUT THE LOW LEVELS CONTINUE TO
STABILIZE...SO ADDITIONAL DEVELOPMENT SHOULD BE ON THE NOSE OF LOW
LEVEL JET ACROSS WEST TX THROUGH 02/12Z OR SO. ADDITIONAL ACTIVITY
DOES NOT APPEAR TO HAVE ENOUGH INSTABILITY FOR A SUSTAINED HEAVY
RAIN THREAT. ADDITIONAL ACTIVITY IS EXPECTED ACROSS ACROSS EASTERN
NM DURING THE DAY ...AS PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES NEAR AN INCH
FUEL CONVECTION THAT IS INITIALLY TIED TO THE TERRAIN.

CLUSTERS THAT DEVELOP IN EASTERN NM COULD SURVIVE INTO THE EVENING
HOURS...BEFORE FOLLOWING AN INSTABILITY AXIS ACROSS NORTH TX INTO
SOUTHWEST OK. THE LATEST NAM SIMULATED SATELLITE IMAGERY SUGGESTS
THAT A SMALL MCS COULD FORM ON THE NOSE OF A LOW LEVEL JET ACROSS
WEST TX IN THE 03/6Z TO 03/12Z TIME FRAME. WHILE AN MCS COULD
FORM...THERE IS NOT A STRONG MULTI MODEL SIGNAL FOR IT TO OCCUR.
THEREFORE...THE 00Z NAM MAY BE TOO HEAVY WITH ITS QPF ACROSS NORTH
TX...AND THE WPC QPF WAS BASED MORE CLOSELY ON A BLEND ON THE 00Z
GFS/ECMWF HERE.

THE BEST THRUST OF MONSOONAL MOISTURE SHOULD OCCUR ACROSS NM INTO
THE SOUTHERN ROCKIES AND GREAT BASIN (AS SEEN ON THE LATEST HIGH
AND MID LEVEL LAYERED PRECIPITABLE WATER IMAGES). THERE IS GOOD
MODEL AGREEMENT THAT A SHORT WAVE TRACKS NORTH OUT OF AZ THROUGH
NV AND UT DURING THE AFTERNOON AND EVENING HOURS. THE SYNOPTIC
SCALE ASCENT ASSOCIATED WITH THE SHORT WAVE SHOULD ALLOW CLUSTERS
OF CONVECTION TO BLOSSOM ACROSS WESTERN CO (INCLUDING THE SAN JUAN
MOUNTAINS) INTO NEARBY SOUTHEAST UT. PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES
HERE SHOULD RANGE BETWEEN TWO AND THREE STANDARD DEVIATIONS  ABOVE
THE MEAN... INCREASING THE THREAT FOR FLASH FLOODING. SOME OF THE
HIGH RESOLUTION GUIDANCE SUGGESTS LOCAL 2.00 INCH QPF AMOUNTS ARE
POSSIBLE WITH STORMS THAT TAP THE HIGH MOISTURE AIR...AND BASED ON
WHAT OCCURRED ACROSS WESTERN CO SAT...THIS SEEMS PLAUSIBLE.

THERE IS SOME UNCERTAINTY CONCERNING HOW WIDESPREAD THE HEAVY RAIN
THREAT WILL BE...BUT WESTERN CO AND SOUTHEAST UT SEEM TO BE IN THE
AREA WITH THE BEST COMBINATION OF LIFT/MOISTURE. WHILE BASIN
AVERAGE QPF AMOUNTS BETWEEN 0.25 AND 0.50 INCHES MAY BE COMMON IN
THE HIGHER TERRAIN...HIGHER AMOUNTS IN AREAS WHERE ONE AND THREE
HOUR FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE VALUES ARE AN INCH OR LESS WILL CAUSE
PROBLEMS. A SLIGHT RISK AREA WAS ISSUED TO COVER THE THREAT.

FURTHER WEST...INSTABILITY AND MOISTURE COULD SUPPORT SCATTERED
CONVECTION WITH LOCALLY HEAVY RAINFALL ACROSS PORTIONS OF NV INTO
NORTHERN CA AND WESTERN OR. PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES FROM
NORTHERN
CA/SOUTHWEST OR THROUGH MUCH OF NV SHOULD TOP OUT BETWEEN TWO AND
THREE STANDARD DEVIATIONS ABOVE THE MEAN....AND MARGINAL
INSTABILITY SHOULD INITIATE CONVECTION MAINLY OVER THE TERRAIN.
SOME OF THE MORE AGGRESSIVE HIGH RESOLUTION GUIDANCE (LIKE THE 00Z
NAM CONEST) SUGGESTS THAT LOCAL 1.00+ INCH AMOUNTS ARE POSSIBLE
ACROSS THE TERRAIN OF CENTRAL NV. WITH A SHORT WAVE CROSSING THE
REGION FOR SYNOPTIC SCALE ASCENT...LOCAL QPF AMOUNTS OF THIS
MAGNITUDE ARE PLAUSIBLE. GIVEN THE HIGH MOISTURE CONTENT OF THE
AIR...A SEE TEXT WAS PLACED OVER NV.



DAYS 2/3...

ROCKIES/MONTANA
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
OF THE TWO DAYS, MONDAY APPEARS TO BE THE BETTER DAY FOR
AFTERNOON/EVENING CONVECTION ACROSS THIS REGION AS A SHORTWAVE
MOVING IN FROM THE PACIFIC HELPS SCOUR OUT THE REMAINING MOISTURE
FROM MUCH OF THE GREAT BASIN BY THE TIME TUESDAY AFTERNOON/EVENING
ROLLS AROUND, LEAVING THE NORTHERN CONTINENTAL DIVIDE AS THE
CENTER OF ACTION.  USED A COMPROMISE OF THE 12Z AND 00Z ECMWF/00Z
GFS HERE FOR THE MOST PART, OUTSIDE OF EASTERN MT WHERE THE LOWER
AMOUNTS OF THE 12Z/00Z ECMWF APPEARED MORE REASONABLE.
INSTABILITY IS PROGGED TO BE MINIMAL, SO THINK ANY FLASH FLOOD
THREAT WOULD BE ISOLATED ON MONDAY ACROSS THE INTERMOUNTAIN WEST.


PLAINS/MIDWEST/MS VALLEY
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
COMBINED WITH THE USUAL NOCTURNAL LOW-LEVEL JET, A PAIR OF
SHORTWAVES MOVING OUT OF THE ROCKIES HELP INCREASE LOW-LEVEL
INFLOW ACROSS PORTIONS OF THE REGION.  CAPPING ACROSS THE REGION
IS QUITE MINIMAL, IF EXISTENT AT ALL.  THE 21Z SREF MEAN SHOWS
CAPE VALUES RISING INTO THE 2000-3000 J/KG RANGE, WHICH ALONG WITH
THE INCREASING INSTABILITY SHOULD HELP DEVELOP CONVECTIVE
COMPLEXES NEAR THE WESTERN OK/TX BORDER, SD, AND TWO POSSIBLE
ROUNDS FOR PORTIONS OF KS, NE, AND MO.  TUESDAY APPEARS TO BE A
BETTER OVERALL SETUP THAN MONDAY FOR THESE COMPLEXES, BUT FLASH
FLOOD GUIDANCE IS RATHER LOW IN THIS REGION DUE TO RECENT
RAINFALL.  PLACED SLIGHT RISKS OF EXCESSIVE RAINFALL ACROSS THESE
AREAS TO DEAL WITH THE FLASH FLOOD THREAT.  DECIDED AGAINST A
MODERATE RISK FOR TUESDAY AS EXACT PLACEMENT OF THE CONVECTIVE
COMPLEX NEAR KS/MO REMAINS UNCERTAIN.  THOUGHT THE 12Z/00Z ECMWF
HAD A BETTER HANDLE ON ACTIVITY ACROSS THE NORTHERN PLAINS AND
MIDWEST (EVEN WHEN CONSULTING THE 18Z AND 00Z GFS MASS FIELDS),
WITH THE 00Z UKMET HAVING SOME UTILITY ON TUESDAY.  THE 00Z
GFS/00Z NAM/00Z UKMET IDEAS SEEMED BETTER QPF-WISE NEAR THE
WESTERN OK/TX BORDER, WHICH THE PAST COUPLE DAYS OF ECMWF RUNS
HAVE BEEN TRENDING TOWARDS.


NORTHEAST
~~~~~~~~~
THUNDERSTORMS WITH MODERATE TO HEAVY RAINFALL ARE EXPECTED TO
IMPACT NORTHERN NEW ENGLAND AND PORTIONS OF NY MONDAY.  WHILE MASS
FIELDS IN THE GUIDANCE ARE SIMILAR, PROGRESSION ISSUES ARE SEEN IN
THE 00Z GFS AND 12Z/00Z ECMWF SOLUTIONS QPF-WISE.  HAVE LEANED ON
A COMPROMISE APPROACH BETWEEN THE TWO HERE SINCE THESE DIFFERENCES
WERE ALSO SEEN IN THE GUIDANCE AVAILABLE 24 HOURS AGO.  THE 21Z
SREF MEAN SHOWS CAPES >1000 J/KG WHILE THE 00Z GFS ADVERTISES 850
HPA INFLOW OF 30-50 KTS STREAMING INTO THE REGION.  THIS
COMBINATION SHOULD HELP ORGANIZE THUNDERSTORM ACTIVITY.  WHEN
CONSIDERING THE LOW FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE IN NORTHERN NEW ENGLAND,
IT SEEMED PRUDENT TO REINTRODUCE A SLIGHT RISK OF EXCESSIVE
RAINFALL INTO THIS REGION.


FLORIDA/SOUTHEAST
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
A LOW PRESSURE AREA MOVING AWAY FROM THE REGION IS EXPECTED TO
CAUSE A NARROW AXIS OF HEAVY RAINFALL TO FALL DURING THE AFTERNOON
AND EVENING HOURS IN THE NORTH-CENTRAL PENINSULA.  LIGHT FLOW IN
THE SOUTHERN PENINSULA SHOULD LEAD TO SEA BREEZE CONVECTION
FOCUSING ACROSS THE INTERIOR/THE EVERGLADES/NEAR LAKE OKEECHOBEE.
USED A COMPROMISE OF THE 00Z GFS/12Z ECMWF FOR THE QPF PATTERN IN
THIS REGION.  A TIGHT RAINFALL GRADIENT IS ANTICIPATED ALONG THE
COASTS OF SC AND NC, SO ANY WESTWARD SHIFT OF THE LOW TRACK COULD
BRING AMOUNTS UP SUBSTANTIALLY.  STAY TUNED.


GRAPHICS AVAILABLE ON THE WEB AT WWW.WPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV

HAYES/ROTH

24HR QP VT 03/12Z
 0.01 502317 501314 502312 503312 504310 505310 516281 515278
513277 512274 511270 512265 512260
      514258 516257 518255 520253 522251 524249 526247 526244
      528242 530240
 0.01 553146 554133 555125 557117 556111 553107 542105 538106
      535110 530109 528103 523097 520099 516104 514104 512100
      509097 505101 500108 497115 498121 498135 499141 501147
      505152 508155 516163 521172 523177 525185 526192 526198
      529199 532192 537191 539194 538198 537202 536205 536209
      537212 537215 544190 543190 541192 539194 538191 538188
      539186 540184 541181 541178 542176 544179 545180
 0.01 547928 547905 546879 545856 544847 543834 536795 534792
      533787 531781 529777 527775 523776 521778 520779 518783
      515789 513793 512797 512802 509805 505818 501837 502856
      506872 511887 518902 528931 531940 534945 539947 544941
      544933 547928
 0.01 517660 513656 510653 506651 498654 493658 488665 481674
      476681 470687 465693 459701 451714 446724 442731 432744
      428753 424761 421768 418776 414787 411796 408805 406815
      401834 398841 392846 388849 387854 385864 382873 382886
      380890 378893 375897 374901 379906 380917 378922 379928
      380934 382938 384940 388943 390944 389947 388952 386959
      386966 386971 387977 389979 394985 396986 400983 403979
      405975 409967 413964 416963 418960 419956 423945 423939
      424933 425924 426919 429914 433912 438912 443913 446916
      450918 452923 457928 461928 465925 475916 479912 481909
      487902 488899 490892 490879 488868 491857 492845 494836
      495824 496817 496811 495797 495791 493787 492782 495779
      501772 510759 513755 515750 523745 527743 529740 533731
      533725 534722 533706
 0.01 446226 445220 442215 435205 430201 424200 415198 413195
      413192 416189 417186 417179 416175 417170 411143 414129
      416111 418109 418104 419096 418083 417076 414067 416061
      416057 415054 411050 406044 400035 400027 400023 398023
      391033 385035 381032 379026 379021 370993 366988 362984
      352979 347977 341976 337978 333982 329994 329000 330006
      331012 330018 328025 328028 331030 335034 338036 338042
      338050 336054 333053 325047 320043 316045 318050 321054
      329061 336062 336067 332068 322067 318070 315071 311071
      308071 300070 295069 292064 279063 269059 262058 259057
      242054 237053 234057 235061 237063 241068 248076 256083
      260086 266089 279091 282092 283095 284100 288104 291106
      296110 302114 307117 314121 322128 331113 344129 347132
      350130 353124 356121 357117 356115 353108 358106 361106
      363110 363114 364117 363122 362125 364127 364132 363135
      359141 356144 356151 361160 365164 368169 368179 365182
      362182 374194 381202 391210 400218 403221 404227 404234
      407239 415243 422246 425244 425237 425233 427231 430229
      446226
 0.01 385675 367679 359681 355688 342700 332713 324727 318741
      310755 305763 300770 295775 284777 276780 268781 263784
      259785 251789 249791 249796 248802 246805 245807 246811
      248816 251818 258817 263820 266823 266827 264835 262839
      262844 263856 265879 266899 266909 265918 264929 261939
      259946 258958 257962 257967 260966 263964 268962 272961
      275956 284943 288937 290933 296933 299933 301929 301925
      303922 303910 301906 302900 306891 307886 307882 309879
      307875 307868 308864 313849 322832 326826 329823 334822
      340817 343814 344810 344805 345801 348794 354777 362760
      366753 369745 373738 376731 383714 385704 385694 385675
 0.01 386747 384746 381747 379750 378753 378755 376758 375760
      375765 376765 379762 381760 382759 384754 385754 385749
      386747
 0.25 504723 504718 503714 498712 489718 479725 468726 459731
      456735 452740 447751 441761 435771 431781 420804 416814
      412824 408835 407843 406852 407865 405876 404885 403890
      393897 395902 399907 405913 410917 412917 413914 417910
      420907 428904 434895 438891 442889 454884 457880 459873
      462861 464845 466831 478777 481765 483760 487755 494746
      500736 502729 504723
 0.25 479889 479882 477877 475872 473868 472865 470870 469875
      469883 469890 470895 471898 473899 476895 478891 479889
 0.25 418223 418220 418216 416213 414212 411210 408211 407215
      408218 410220 411225 411228 413230 416229 418225 418223
 0.25 409110 410102 407097 402107 400109 397108 392105 388102
      390096 392088 392079 393075 396072 398070 398067 398063
      396057 392052 389049 382047 372045 367041 364035 364025
      366011 364007 361006 358006 352009 348008 345008 344004
      346002 347994 347990 344989 341990 337993 340999 341003
      341007 340013 342017 357031 360035 362042 356055 357058
      359058 365056 370056 376056 379060 377062 374062 369061
      366063 362062 358062 357064 358069 361072 365075 368081
      370086 374091 376095 378102 382106 386104 386108 385110
      381110 378112 376119 373126 372132 375133 378132 381131
      389123 399118 403112 407112 409110
 0.25 394177 396173 397168 396164 394162 391161 389163 387166
      386168 385173 386175 387178 390180 392179 394177
 0.25 390201 388199 386196 385194 383192 382190 379187 377186
      376188 378190 380192 383194 384196 386198 389201 390201
 0.25 365730 365726 364721 363717 360716 358713 357709 351709
      343712 339717 332730 320751 313762 306776 300786 297790
      295793 291794 282795 275797 261801 255804 254806 256808
      266812 275813 278814 277818 274824 272830 271837 271847
      272863 274882 276891 275900 273906 273915 273923 272929
      270943 270946 273948 276942 281929 282923 282918 282914
      284906 286900 289893 291886 310834 316821 322812 330803
      337791 349768 360742 365730
 0.25 368093 368090 368088 366086 364086 363085 362085 361086
      359086 358087 359089 360091 361092 362093 363094 363095
      365095 367095 367094 368093
 0.25 341098 341096 341093 340092 339091 337092 336093 337093
      337095 338097 338098 340098 341098
 0.25 336086 336084 334084 333086 333087 335087 336086
 0.25 331081 332079 331078 329079 330081 330082 331081
 0.25 300084 300082 299081 297081 296080 294080 292081 293083
      293084 295086 297086 299086 300084
 0.50 472761 471756 468754 464755 455768 449771 444775 440780
      435787 429799 425805 421813 417828 415834 413844 416853
      416863 415879 416890 416894 418896 422895 425893 429886
      430879 431875 434873 445877 448877 451875 454867 455859
      456847 461811 461801 462792 463783 466774 469768 472761
 0.50 415227 415224 414223 413224 414226 414227 415227
 0.50 381081 382078 382076 382074 382072 381072 380070 379069
      378069 376068 375067 374069 374071 374073 374075 374077
      374078 374080 375082 377082 379082 381081 381081
 0.50 356730 352723 343725 336729 331737 324750 320757 316765
      310779 306786 303795 302805 301813 288815 282819 277824
      274832 273839 274845 277864 278869 281871 284869 287866
      297855 303840 306831 309825 309819 310816 317811 327799
      336786 350756 353750 354744 356730
 0.50 293805 292803 289801 287800 284800 281800 278801 276802
      272803 270804 270808 272810 275811 278811 282810 286809
      289809 292807 293805
 1.00 447819 447817 446814 446812 445812 444812 443812 442814
      442815 442817 442818 443820 444822 444823 446822 446821
      447819
 1.00 448862 448860 447858 446855 444855 444856 444858 443860
      445863 447864 448862
 1.00 438835 438832 438831 437832 438835 438835
 1.00 346752 346746 344743 342744 339748 337750 337747 339743
      338740 334745 331751 328758 327762 325766 321771 317777
      311790 310797 312801 316801 321796 325790 334779 338773
      340766 343759 346752
 1.00 301834 302829 300825 294822 291820 287820 281823 278830
      277838 277844 279852 284857 287856 290854 294848 297842
      301835 301834
 1.50 335765 334763 332765 332768 333769 334767 335765
 1.50 332772 332770 331769 331770 330772 331772 332772
 1.50 327779 327777 326776 324777 323777 323778 322780 321780
      320782 320783 319785 320786 322785 323784 323783 325782
      325781 327779 327779
 1.50 299834 299830 298828 294824 287823 283824 282826 280832
      279840 281848 285851 289850 290848 294844 297838 299834
 2.00 297834 296828 294826 289825 285827 282831 281836 281842
      284846 286847 289846 292844 294841 297836 297834
 3.00 294836 295834 295832 294830 293828 291827 289826 289827
      287827 286829 286830 285831 284833 284835 284837 284839
      286841 288840 290840 291839 292838 293837 294836

24HR QP VT 04/12Z
 0.01 511294 501304 497302 498300 502293 505290 508285 510277
      509270 509259 509254 511248 513243 515240 511236 508233
      510224 516214 519212 518206 514197 510193 506193 504195
      500194 497195 495192 492183 486177 481173 478170 475168
      467163 464167 463172 464176 462180 455186 452189 447189
      445189 440190 441195 444198 454205 459208 465211 470210
      476212 477215 475216 471218 460226 454228 447230 440232
      431231 422232 413231 405224 401216 400210 395206 389199
      389177 388165 391153 372141 370136 370131 370123 372116
      378112 382111 386109 390107 393104 396100 396097 392097
      386096 382099 379102 376103 373103 373091 370081 367073
      365068 365063 373062 377061 375058 367046 361040 357038
      351038 349039 348042 349047 351058 349063 347066 343069
      344073 347083 348092 347095 344107 334110 326113 320119
      317121 315118 314116 309113 305112 302110 296109 291109
      285108 278105 264094 252082 239069 233062 230059 228054
      228050 233050 245051 253053 261053 279054 300056 304055
      310055 316056 318055 319051 316042 322033 327028 334023
      341018 341014 339008 338003 338996 338989 340984 347981
      357982 361986 366992 368996 372999 377006 382013 387022
      394027 403031 407023 409019 410014 409008 407002 401992
      398982 395972 392963 390954 391949 393947 397946 400948
      406953 411959 416967 421977 425987 427992 427998 428009
      430020 431026 431029 433030 444033 447039 447046 449058
      451070 453078 456085 459094 462104 465114 469122 471124
      472121 476121 483127 491129 496133 504136 507136 509138
      513137 522139 530136 532133 537133 539132 541130 543133
      545130
 0.01 545130 546131 548129 550129 551132 553132 554132 556130
 0.01 502622 493626 489631 486635 484641 478648 477652 474657
      472661 468665 464668 461671 456677 452684 446690 436705
      432711 426719 415734 407747 402756 399765 398768 397773
      391780 379795 369806 367809 370814 370817 368820 368824
      369831 371834 376842 379843 382841 391836 393838 393841
      393847 390856 389861 391861 395862 394865 401867 404863
      406858 410851 415847 418840 421834 427827 432819 436810
      437805 441801 452788 455785 459784 467782 470781 469786
      466797 465802 463806 462811 464817 471840 474845 477842
      481842 491841 499838 502838 503842 505847 506853 509856
      516854 521853 524855 530854 532854 534851 535845 534843
      533839 531835 519821 520809 520805 522802 521797 524786
      524782 525778 527751 528739 529733 528724 524696 523685
      522675
 0.01 489154 486151 484149 483148 480145 478143 475142 472141
      471145 473148 474150 477151 481152 482154 485156 489154
 0.01 478772 476770 474770 473771 472773 471774 470776 472778
      473778 475775 476775 478772
 0.01 450173 448168 448163 442156 436149 435138 438127 434126
      432130 428139 426148 426155 427160 428165 430170 437177
      447179 450173
 0.01 407674 406670 401671 397672 394674 389677 386680 380688
      376697 369705 353717 347722 340726 325737 320743 315752
      308761 303768 300771 295772 287772 278775 274774 267775
      259778 250783 240787 234790 227795 224803 222806 222813
      225825 226825 227832 227837 229838 231836 232831 232828
      234824 239820 243825 246819 248817 251818 253823 258832
      260836 261840 263846 263854 267862 269868 270876 270887
      269898 271907 273912 273919 270944 269950 268954 268962
      270966 272968 275966 278966 281962 284959 286955 292948
      294944 294937 294929 295922 297912 298899 298893 300890
      303884 307873 306861 304849 304842 306835 308831 311827
      316821 328810 339796 351782 360763 370750 377743 381735
      387728 392719 397709 400700 407674
 0.01 306042 308040 306038 304038 302038 302040 304042 306043
      306042
 0.25 550164 549164 548164 547165 546166 545167 544168 543170
      543171 542173 541176 541177 540178 540181 541184 541185
      542187 543188 543190 544193
 0.25 511663 511654 509646 507637 506635 503634 499638 496645
      493651 490656 483662 479668 475671 471674 467679 458689
      445705 438715 433726 429735 426740 422744 414751 411756
      409759 409763 414763 417765 418774 416779 413785 408789
      401790 397793 391800 389807 389810 394812 399811 405808
      408807 411807 411815 412822 415822 417820 420815 425802
      431793 435783 437776 439772 442767 447763 452760 456759
      460757 463753 466748 467742 472728 479719 481715 486713
      488706 491701 499692 506683 508679 509674 511663
 0.25 457138 458130 458122 456110 452099 449094 443092 440090
      435091 431092 427091 425096 423102 421108 419110 416109
      412106 411101 409096 407095 406098 404104 401106 397106
      395112 397116 403118 413120 418119 423122 425124 430120
      433116 436114 441115 444120 440145 443148 449150 454147
      456140 457138
 0.25 450080 450078 450076 449075 448073 447072 446072 445071
      443070 441069 441072 441073 442074 443075 444077 446079
      448080 449081 450080
 0.25 432214 432212 431210 430209 429209 427208 426208 425208
      424209 423210 423212 423213 424215 424216 426217 428217
      429217 431217 432215 432214
 0.25 429082 428078 425075 422074 421069 416062 409057 395050
      393047 388046 381049 378052 379056 384056 384054 385059
      389059 395062 391068 390077 391083 393086 396088 399085
      404079 407077 411076 419079 421088 426086 429082
 0.25 426039 428029 428023 427018 424001 423994 421985 418979
      414973 406963 401960 397961 396963 397971 400979 405991
      411004 414011 418017 421022 423030 424038 426039
 0.25 385713 385708 383704 379705 368714 345730 337737 331741
      326746 313770 307779 298788 295793 292800 291804 289807
      285808 282806 272801 265799 257801 253804 251807 253811
      258814 268814 275813 282811 285812 285817 281823 277827
      274834 273842 275849 278853 281858 285864 284870 283879
      282889 286906 288904 289896 290888 291881 290876 289873
      286864 287859 290854 294843 298829 302823 306819 317811
      325803 335793 342784 350771 356762 363751 379727 383720
      385713
 0.25 379078 379076 378074 378073 377071 376070 375069 375068
      373067 372068 372071 373072 373073 373075 373077 374079
      374080 375082 377082 379080 379078
 0.25 374024 372017 368010 365001 361996 358995 353996 352999
      351004 349013 351022 355028 362032 368035 370034 373030
      374024
 0.25 335058 334056 332055 330054 329054 327055 326057 327057
      328058 330059 332059 334058 335058
 0.25 299090 300086 300082 298075 292071 286069 271066 257062
      243058 238058 242064 249073 258082 268089 273092 280096
      285098 290098 292097 299090
 0.50 497670 496665 495665 490667 485674 481679 476678 473680
      471682 467687 462691 446712 441723 436737 434742 429746
      424750 417753 416757 419758 422758 425760 429766 431767
      434766 438763 440755 442750 448744 456737 461731 464725
      470714 475700 479688 485684 490680 495676 497670
 0.50 447111 448109 448107 448104 448102 448099 447097 446097
      445098 444099 443101 442102 442103 441105 440107 440108
      441110 442112 443113 445113 447111 447111
 0.50 426113 427110 427108 426108 426110 425112 426113 426113
 0.50 425018 422006 420992 419986 417982 410973 403967 400965
      398968 399972 403983 408993 413003 418012 421016 423022
      425018
 0.50 410110 410108 410105 410103 409101 408098 407100 406102
      406103 405105 405107 405109 405110 407112 408111 410110
 0.50 405067 403066 401067 400068 398069 397069 396070 395071
      394073 394074 393075 394077 394078 395080 397079 397078
      399076 401074 403072 403071 404070 405068 405067
 0.50 373729 373724 369722 364723 360725 352730 345736 334748
      325763 319780 316789 315794 319795 322796 327794 333789
      339783 344776 354762 364746 373731 373729
 0.50 377078 377076 376074 375075 375078 376079 377078
 0.50 365025 366021 366016 365013 363009 363007 362005 360003
      356002 355005 354007 353011 353016 354019 356022 357024
      359025 363026 365025
 0.50 312798 310797 308797 307798 306799 305800 304802 303804
      305805 307805 309804 311803 312801 312798 312798
 0.50 302812 299811 295812 292816 288821 283827 279832 277840
      280843 285843 290838 293832 296826 300819 302812
 0.50 292083 292079 289077 281075 272073 265070 258068 254068
      258074 262080 268085 273088 280091 284091 288090 290088
      292084 292083
 0.50 274805 272803 270802 266801 263801 259802 256803 254805
      254808 256809 258810 262809 265809 269808 271808 274805
 1.00 419003 419996 418992 417987 414983 410980 408977 405974
      403976 405981 407985 409989 411994 413998 415001 418005
      419003
      358016 358015 357016 358016 358016
 1.00 360745 358742 355740 351742 348745 344750 341757 338763
      335770 335772 338775 342772 347767 352760 355755 359747
      360745
 1.00 297817 297815 295814 292818 290821 288824 286829 283831
      283834 284836 288835 291830 293827 294824 297819 297817
 1.50 415994 415991 414989 414988 413987 412986 411987 411989
      412990 413991 413992 415994 415994
 1.50 353753 354751 352749 349751 347753 346756 344758 343761
      342764 343767 345765 347763 349760 350758 352755 353753
 1.50 293823 296817 293818 291822 290823 290824 289826 289829
      290829 291827 291826 292824 293823

24HR QP VT 05/12Z
 0.01 510297 507293 505287 504278 504271 505260 506255 508253
      511247 515243 517240 516235 519228 523224 525217 527214
      530215 535217 536220
 0.01 539204 534205 527204 516195 492183 488178 483174 479170
      474168 471167 468168 465169 463172 464176 463179 459185
      455190 449193 439190 423209 419214 416215 416206 415199
      410184 407179 402174 396170 392166 394145 395128 395123
      392122 386120 387112 389107 391103 395098 401100 405095
      407088 409084 411084 423110 426115 429123 427140 430154
      432154 432150 433141 435133 436127 436120 433113 432106
      433102 431098 427092 426089 428087 431086 433083 432073
      432062 427049 428033 425026 421022 410016 406012 404007
      404997 403992 400990 394991 387993 374997 368998 365000
      364004 360009 356012 349012 344008 342006 341001 341991
      340984 340980 342978 344971 348965 354952 357945 359936
      359930 357922 354906 355900 357893 360887 361878 364873
      368867 369864 372864 375866 375870 380886 393911 398922
      405933 409940 413945 420954 441971 449979 457991 460997
      462001 462006 465023 468028 472031 475033 479034 484035
      487035 490033 495030 502029 509029 520035 525039 529044
      534048 537048 539051 553056 555058 558059 560059 560063
      560074 558079 555085 554089 556092 560101
 0.01 550819 549814 547808 544801 538797 533800 531806 532811
      534817 532822 527844 524844 523850 523860 525865 528868
      530870 533867 532857 531851 534854 536859 538864 539866
      542869 544866 547864 547855 543844 543841 544836 546830
      548826 550819
 0.01 501620 497626 493626 489628 481629 474633 468638 465640
      461641 456639 453638 448640 440644 431647 426649 423651
      415654 409659 404664 393671 387677 383684 372696 361706
      356712 350718 342728 337734 331739 322749 316755 313760
      302772 299774 295775 288780 274787 267791 260794 248802
      239810 236809 234805 232804 231799 227793 223794 224797
      222802 223806 223817 224823 226825 227833 226838 227842
      230843 231840 234832 236830 238833 239845 239848 243845
      248843 253837 262829 268827 274829 281833 289835 293837
      293843 292852 290860 286866 283873 281881 281891 280894
      280898 280909 281917 286933 294945 300950 307946 312943
      315943 317939 318930 316921 313913 311905 311896 311887
      311876 311871 312868 314864 314860 313854 311850 310840
      308831 311822 311817 313813 317807 322801 333791 344781
      349775 356771 360769 358775 355784 360790 363789 365785
      368780 380769 394761 398754 401746 405739 410733 413728
      417723 422718 428711 431708 433706 434708 432718 429735
      427744 424751 421756 420761 420771 420793 420801 427798
      429795 433795 436793 440793 448795 455798 458798 460800
      464801 467804 469811 473818 474821 477822 480822 482824
      485824 489826 493825 498819 505806 508803 510799 513791
      515780 518772 519764 521755 523745 525734 522710 520688
      519678 521673
 0.01 489320 488317 487314 485313 484312 482311 481311 480313
      480316 479318 481319 482320 484321 486321 487322 489320
      489320
 0.01 416062 412059 406056 402055 398055 394050 389048 383048
      378049 367052 360053 357056 379059 383063 383065 380065
      378068 376066 371062 368063 363063 359065 357067 358069
      362069 365068 368070 370075 372080 375085 380086 384087
      385090 385093 387091 389086 394083 397085 400080 404079
      405077 413071 410063 414064 416062
 0.01 381094 380094 378094 378096 379096 380096 381094
 0.01 315052 316049 315045 311044 309040 308036 305032 303032
      300036 300042 302044 306045 307047 309051 314052 315052
 0.01 307100 308093 307088 306076 302067 299065 293063 281063
      276061 272058 256050 247046 243046 239047 235051 234057
      239064 252077 258083 266088 272094 279099 289104 293105
      299105 304103 307100
 0.25 556129 553119 551113 549110 545107 541108 536115 531123
      525129 522131 521138 521146 522150 526153 530155 534158
      536161 538167 539172 541177 545179 547180
 0.25 521268 520267 518267 517267 516267 515268 514269 514271
      513274 513277 514280 515281 516283
 0.25 504649 502649 501649 499649 497650 497652 497654 498654
      500654 501653 502653 503652 504649 504649
 0.25 504062 504057 501054 496052 492052 487053 483054 480057
      479062 483064 488064 493064 497064 501064 504062
 0.25 497151 497145 495142 489137 484132 479127 477124 473123
      469128 471135 471146 478145 484149 491153 495153 497151
 0.25 482657 482654 482652 481649 480647 480646 479647 479650
      479652 479653 478655 479658 480659 482658 482657
 0.25 479663 477663 477664 479663 479663
 0.25 485111 484106 482102 478096 474090 472082 467068 463061
      461054 460044 459032 456014 454006 451999 444988 434977
      430972 423968 418970 413965 408952 394925 381900 376893
      374891 370889 365895 363902 362912 364923 367938 368947
      368957 368967 369975 371978 375979 381979 387978 392978
      395979 402983 409981 413982 415984 418991 424004 430016
      437031 440049 443065 444075 446082 446088 445092 442094
      441098 442102 441108 440115 444121 444129 443137 444142
      446144 452147 456147 459145 459139 460133 461130 460126
      458123 458119 458114 459111 472114 480114 485111
 0.25 471668 470666 467665 464665 463662 460652 457649 452648
      445650 434655 412670 392683 384692 377701 370709 361718
      357722 354727 347737 333754 326763 320773 316783 313788
      312792 314795 319792 324789 332780 339771 344761 348756
      354753 361752 365749 369745 373742 375742 375745 373751
      372759 373763 376763 387756 388754 388750 386747 386743
      389736 392732 406711 410708 414707 417702 419696 422690
      425684 431681 437679 456686 464684 467682 467679 468671
      471668
 0.25 469150 468148 466147 466149 467151 469150
 0.25 448724 448719 446717 444717 443720 442723 441727 440731
      439733 440738 441741 443744 444742 445739 446734 447732
      447727 448724
 0.25 434763 434761 433759 432758 431759 430760 430762 429764
      429766 429767 429768 430769 430771 432773 433771 434768
      434766 434765 434763
 0.25 358000 358998 357996 357994 357993 356991 355991 353990
      351990 350990 349991 348993 348995 349998 349000 350002
      351003 353003 355003 356002 358000
 0.25 301091 300084 298078 294074 289072 277068 264064 258063
      253063 249064 249067 252071 259078 268086 277092 287098
      294099 298097 301091
 0.25 296815 295813 291812 289814 287816 285819 283821 282823
      284825 287826 289824 292822 294820 295817 296815
 0.25 293887 293883 291882 288887 286893 284900 285908 286916
      288920 290923 291920 290914 289906 289898 291893 293887
 0.25 279811 276807 274805 269804 263805 258806 256809 258813
      260815 264817 270817 273816 278813 279811
 0.50 555136 553128 550121 547117 543119 540124 537129 533134
      531141 530146 532147 536148 538150 540156 542164 546169
      548171
 0.50 455661 455655 453653 450653 447656 445657 442659 440661
      439664 439665 443666 446665 448665 450667 452666 453663
      455661
 0.50 466090 464077 460067 458060 457054 456048 456040 454024
      452012 450006 448001 443993 436984 428978 423975 421976
      420983 422989 426000 430011 440030 444041 447053 449066
      453077 458087 462091 465092 466090
 0.50 454108 454105 454100 453095 452095 449095 446096 445099
      446104 446106 445110 445111 447114 450115 452112 453110
      454108
 0.50 409688 409685 407685 403685 396688 391694 386701 373710
      368716 361722 357728 353735 349742 348746 350748 359748
      364743 369736 373731 380725 387721 396707 406694 409688
 0.50 406973 406966 405961 403954 400945 397938 390924 382911
      378905 373902 369902 367905 365914 366923 369932 371940
      372949 374959 377967 382972 389973 397975 401976 404975
      406973
 0.50 382757 383754 382754 380755 378756 377757 376758 377758
      379759 380758 382757 382757
 0.50 343755 341752 338755 334760 329766 325771 321778 320783
      323785 325783 330777 333771 337764 341758 343755
 0.50 295092 293085 288079 283076 276073 269070 261070 259072
      261075 266080 271085 277089 284092 291094 295092
 1.00 550145 551143 551140 551137 549134 548133 546133 544135
      544136 544138 544139 545141 545142 547145 548146 550146
      550145
 1.00 452042 450029 448015 444003 439995 431987 430986 427986
      427992 431004 435015 440024 446034 448039 451044 452042
 1.00 400970 401965 400961 398954 394943 391936 389931 382921
      378917 374914 371913 370916 369921 371929 373935 377947
      379954 380963 384967 391967 400970
 1.00 376719 376717 375717 373717 372719 372720 374720 376719
      376719
 1.00 364733 363731 363730 361730 359732 358734 357734 357737
      356738 356739 357740 358740 360739 361738 362737 363735
      364733
 1.50 446017 445012 443007 441002 439000 436996 433993 431992
      432997 434002 435007 437011 439014 442018 446017
 1.50 395963 393954 391945 388938 384932 379927 375922 373928
      376936 379943 383949 384953 384959 391961 395963
 2.00 384940 384939 383938 382937 380937 379938 380940 380941
      382942 384941 384940

$$




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