Quantitative Precipitation Forecast
Issued by NWS

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078
FXUS04 KWBC 042048
QPFPFD

QUANTITATIVE PRECIPITATION FORECAST DISCUSSION
NWS WEATHER PREDICTION CENTER COLLEGE PARK MD
348 PM EST SUN DEC 04 2016


PRELIM DAY 1...DAY 2 AND DAY 3 QPF DISCUSSION
VALID DEC 05/0000 UTC THRU DEC 08/0000 UTC
REFERENCE AWIPS GRAPHICS UNDER...PRECIP ACCUM - 24HR

DAY 1...

...SOUTHERN U.S...

WIDESPREAD RAIN...MUCH OF IT BENEFICIAL IN DROUGHT-STRICKEN PARTS
OF THE SOUTHEAST U.S...WILL PERSIST THROUGH MONDAY. CONCERNS FOR
HEAVY OR EXCESSIVE RAINFALL ON SHORTER TIME SCALES WILL BE LIMITED
TO NEAR THE GULF COAST...PARTICULARLY THE PANHANDLE OF FLORIDA
WHERE THE HEAVIEST NEW RAINFALL IS EXPECTED...AND ALSO PARTS OF
TX/LA WHERE THE RISK OF RAPID SURFACE RUNOFF IS DRIVEN MORE BY WET
ANTECEDENT CONDITIONS WHEN COMBINED WITH MODERATE RAIN RATES
TONIGHT AND EARLY MONDAY. ALL OF THIS WAS OCCURRING WITHIN A BROAD
PLUME OF ANOMALOUSLY RICH DEEP LAYER MOISTURE EMANATING FROM THE
WESTERN GULF OF MEXICO AND SPREADING DOWNSTREAM TO THE SOUTHERN
ATLANTIC COAST. WITH HIGH PRESSURE WEDGED ALONG THE ATLANTIC COAST
AND A SURFACE WARM FRONT OVER THE NORTHERN GULF...THERE WAS PLENTY
OF IMPETUS FOR UPGLIDE AND HENCE WIDESPREAD LIGHT TO MODERATE
RAINFALL. MORE INTENSE RAINS WILL BE POSSIBLE OVER THE PANHANDLE
OF FLORIDA AS INFLOW FROM THE SOUTH-SOUTHWEST IS ENHANCED BY THE
MIGRATION OF A NORTHERN STREAM TROUGH. MEANWHILE...THE DEEP CLOSED
LOW IN NORTHERN MEXICO WILL ADVANCE INTO TEXAS...BRINGING WITH IT
SUBSTANTIAL HEIGHT FALLS AND SOME CONVECTIVELY ENHANCED
PRECIPITATION RATES DESPITE ALL OF THE ACTIVITY BEING LOCATED
NORTH OF THE SURFACE BOUNDARY. MODEL GUIDANCE WAS IN VERY GOOD
AGREEMENT OVER FLORIDA AND THE COASTAL ATLANTIC. THERE WERE
GREATER DIFFERENCES BACK WEST. BASED ON OBSERVATIONAL TRENDS...IT
APPEARED THE ECMWF AND ITS ENSEMBLE WERE A BIT TOO AGGRESSIVE IN
SPREADING HEAVY RAIN NORTHWARD AHEAD OF THE UPPER LOW...BUT THE
GFS AND UKMET WERE PERHAPS NOT AGGRESSIVE ENOUGH GIVEN THE STRONG
HEIGHT FALLS AND DEEP MOISTURE THAT WAS ALREADY IN PLACE. SOME OF
THE IN BETWEEN...COMPROMISE...SOLUTIONS INCLUDED THE WRF-ARW...THE
SSEO MEAN...AND THE PREVIOUS WPC FORECAST. FOR THIS CYCLE OUR
STARTING POINT WAS INITIALLY A BLEND OF THE ECMWF AND SSEO
MEAN...THEN TRENDING TOWARD MORE INFLUENCE FROM THE PREVIOUS WPC
FORECAST AND THE WRF-ARW BY MONDAY. THE OVERALL TREND WAS TO
MAINTAIN SIMILAR COVERAGE OF PRECIPITATION...BUT WITH GENERALLY
LESSER MAGNITUDE OVER THE INLAND AREAS FARTHER REMOVED FROM THE
SURFACE FRONT.


...GREAT LAKES / OHIO VALLEY / MID ATLANTIC / NEW ENGLAND...

A VERY SHARPLY DEFINED MEDIUM WAVELENGTH TROUGH...TYPICALLY WELL
MODELED...WILL DRIVE A BROAD SHIELD OF RAIN AND SNOW ACROSS THE
EASTERN U.S. THROUGH MONDAY. THE SYSTEM IS EXPECTED TO DE-AMPLIFY
SOMEWHAT AS IT MOVES INTO A MEAN RIDGE POSITION ALONG THE EAST
COAST...AND ALSO ENCOUNTERS INCREASINGLY HIGH SURFACE PRESSURES
AND DRIER IN SITU CONDITIONS. THUS...BROAD AREAS OF 0.10 UP TO
0.40 INCHES OF PRECIPITATION WILL GRADUALLY TAPER OFF WITH
EASTWARD EXTENT...ESPECIALLY INTO NEW ENGLAND. BASED ON
OBSERVATIONS OVER THE CENTRAL PLAINS AND MISSOURI VALLEY THIS
MORNING...WE WERE HESITANT TO INTRODUCE ANYTHING MORE THAN A HALF
INCH OF LIQUID WITH THIS SYSTEM AT ANY GIVEN LOCATION...BUT THE
AREAL COVERAGE OF LESSER AMOUNTS SHOULD BE IMPRESSIVE GIVEN THE
STRONG AND UNIFORM SYNOPTIC FORCING. THE UPDATED WPC DAY 1 QPF WAS
DERIVED FROM A BLEND OF THE ECMWF / SREF MEAN / NAM CONUS NEST.


...PACIFIC NORTHWEST / ROCKIES / NORTHERN PLAINS...

AN APPROACHING UPPER LEVEL JET STREAK ACROSS THE NORTHERN PACIFIC
(ACCOMPANIED BY ADDITIONAL LOW-AMPLITUDE SHORTWAVES) WILL LEAD TO
GRADUAL DIGGING OF A LONGWAVE TROUGH ACROSS THE NORTHWESTERN CONUS
DURING THE DAY 1 PERIOD. THIS WILL BE ACCOMPANIED ON MONDAY BY THE
BEGINNINGS OF AN ARCTIC INTRUSION INTO THE ROCKIES AND HIGH
PLAINS. A BRIEF UPTICK IN PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES WILL
CONTRIBUTE TO SOMEWHAT HEFTIER PRECIPITATION TOTALS...GREATER THAN
A HALF INCH...OVER WESTERN OREGON...WITH A FEW HIGH SPOTS IN THE
NORTHERN ROCKIES SEEING SIMILAR AMOUNTS. AS THE ARCTIC AIR SPILLS
INTO MONTANA ON MONDAY ENHANCED UPSLOPE FLOW COULD ALLOW THE
SYSTEM TO OVER-PERFORM IN TERMS OF SNOW...ALTHOUGH MODEL QPF
REMAINS UNANIMOUSLY ON THE TAME SIDE. WPC DID ATTEMPT TO BOOST
PRECIP TOTALS SLIGHTLY...MOVING TOWARD SOMETHING SIMILAR TO THE
12Z NAM. WE NOTE THAT THE 12Z GFS/ECMWF/UKMET ALL TRENDED TOWARD
SIMILAR QPF OUTPUT AMONGST EACH OTHER...AND ALL LOOK SIMILAR TO
THE WPC FORECAST.

DAYS 2 AND 3...

...TEXAS INTO THE LOWER/MID MS VALLEY INTO THE OH/TN VALLEY AND
SOUTHEAST/MID ATLANTIC...

THE CLOSED MID/UPPER LEVEL LOW MAKING ITS WAY ACROSS EASTERN TX BY
MONDAY EVENING WILL BE IN THE EARLY STAGES OF FILLING/WEAKENING.
THE MODELS ARE IN GENERALLY GOOD AGREEMENT WITH THE IDEA THAT THEY
SYSTEM WILL BE INCREASING ITS FORWARD SPEED AS IT HEADS TOWARDS
THE OH/TN VALLEY AS IT CONTINUES TO FILL.  COASTAL REDEVELOPMENT
OFF THE SOUTHEAST OR MID ATLANTIC REGIONS IS EXPECTED TO BEGIN BY
LATER IN THE DAY ON TUESDAY.  THE RESULT WILL BE A BROAD AREA OF
PRECIPITATION IN THE WARM AIR ADVECTION/ISENTROPIC LIFT AHEAD OF
THE WAVE/LOW. RELATIVELY MINOR DIFFERENCES STILL EXIST WITH
REGARDS TO THE EXACT TRACK AND SPEED OF THIS LOW...BUT OVERALL THE
GLOBAL MODELS ARE IN PRETTY GOOD AGREEMENT. STILL THOUGHT THE NAM
WAS LIKELY A BIT TOO QUICK AND TOO AMPLIFIED...SO WE CONTINUED TO
AVOID ITS QPF.

WPC QPF STARTED WITH A TOP HEAVE BLEND FAVORING THE 04/00Z ECMWF
WITH A FAIR AMOUNT FO THE 04/12Z GFS.  DID HOWEVER MAKE SOME
ADJUSTMENTS FROM THIS BLEND IN THE WARM SECTOR WHERE PRECIPITATION
WILL BE MORE CONVECTIVE IN NATURE (WHICH THE GLOBAL MODELS ARE
MORE APT TO STRUGGLE WITH).

BY MONDAY EVENING...A SURFACE WARM FRONT WILL STILL BE CLOSE TO
THE GULF COAST IF IT ISNT WILL HUGGING THE COAST  THIS SHOULD
CONFINE THE MOST UNSTABLE AIRMASS ALONG AND SOUTH OF THE BOUNDARY.
 AS THE LOW LIFTS NORTHWARD SO WILL THE WARM FRONT...HOWEVER WOULD
EXPECT THE COASTAL CONVECTION TO PROPAGATE MORE EASTWARD RATHER
THAN MOVE NORTHEAST WITH THE MEAN WIND. THUS THESE FACTORS SHOULD
KEEP THE GREATEST INTENSITY CONVECTION AND AXIS OF HIGHER QPF
FURTHER SOUTH THAN SOME OF THE GLOBAL MODELS SUGGEST ACROSS THE
SOUTHEAST AND ADJACENT AREAS.

SAW NO REASON TO CHANGE THE SLIGHT RISK FROM FAR SOUTHEAST TX INTO
PORTIONS OF LA/MS TO ACCOUNT FOR THIS CONVECTIVE ACTIVITY EARLY IN
THE PERIOD.  WHILE PCPN AMOUNTS SHOULD BE TAPERING OFF...FLASH
FLOOD GUIDANCE WAS QUITE LOW.  EVENTUALLY THE AREA OF RAINFALL
SHIFTS EASTWARD INTO AN AREA WHERE FFG VALUES ARE NOT QUITE AS
LOW.  THE PREVIOUSLY ISSUED SLIGHT RISK STILL LOOKS OUT NORTH AND
EAST OF THE MDT RISK.

THE OTHER AREA OF CONCERN FOR THE POTENTIAL OF EXCESSIVE RAINFALL
IS FROM THE FL PANHANDLE INTO PORTIONS OF GA. THERE CONTINUED TO
BE A PRETTY GOOD SIGNAL THAT CONVECTION WILL FORM ALONG THE
NORTHWARD LIFTING WARM FRONT OVER THE FL PANHANDLE BY THE TIME DAY
2 FORECAST BEGINS ON MONDAY EVENING AND THAT THE CONVECTION WILL
SHIFT NORTH INTO GA.  GIVEN MULTI MODEL AGREEMENT...ALONG WITH
SUPPORT FROM THE HIRES GUIDANCE AVAILABLE FOR EARLY IN THE
PERIOD...WE OPTED TO MAKE NO CHANGE TO THE SLIGHT RISK AREA AS IT
WAS ISSUED EARLIER.

ON DAY 3 (12Z TUE-12Z WED) THE SYSTEM CONTINUES TO LIFT OFF TO THE
NORTHEAST. BY THIS TIME THE SYSTEM WILL BE OUTRUNNING ANY
INSTABILITY...AND OVERALL SYNOPTIC FORCING WILL BE ON THE
DECREASE. THUS EXPECT TO SEE LIGHTER RAINFALL AMOUNTS FROM THE OH
VALLEY INTO THE MID ATLANTIC. AS MENTIONED ABOVE CONTINUED TO STAY
CLOSE TO A GFS/ECMWF COMPROMISE SOLN.  GIVEN THE LIGHTER QPF AND
HIGHER FFG...THINK THE RISK OF ANY EXCESSIVE RAINFALL IS LESS THAN
2 PERCENT.


...NORTHWEST INTO THE GREAT BASIN...

A MID LEVEL WAVE AND 120 TO 130 KT UPPER JET DROPPING IN FROM THE
NORTHWEST WILL SUPPORT ANOTHER AREA OF GENERALLY LIGHT PCPN FROM
THE COASTAL RANGES INTO THE GREAT BASIN FROM MONDAY NIGHT INTO
TUESDAY MORNING.  HIGHEST AMOUNTS STILL LOOK TO BE ACROSS WESTERN
OR. THERE SHOULD BE A FAIRLY QUICK END TO THE PCPN AS A SYSTEM
TAKES PLACE TO THE EAST OF THE AREA...ESPECIALLY ALONG THE
COAST...AS MID/UPPER LEVEL HEIGHTS BEGIN TO RISE.

GFS AND ECMWF HANDLE THIS WAVES COMPARABLY SO WE CONTINUED TO USE
A BLEND OF THE TWO QPF SOLNS.

...CENTRAL ROCKIES AND THE CENTRAL/NORTHERN PLAINS...

AS THE NOSE OF THE 120 KT TO 130 KT UPPER LEVEL JET MAKES ITS WAY
ACROSS THE GREAT BASIN AND APPROACHES THE CENTRAL ROCKIES...AN
AREA OF LOW PRESSURE WILL BEGIN TO FORM BY TUESDAY EVENING AND
BECOME BETTER ORGANIZED LATE TUESDAY NIGHT AND WEDNESDAY.  THE
RESULT WILL BE FOR PRECIPITATION OF FORM AND GROW IN AREAL
COVERAGE ACROSS THE CENTRAL ROCKIES AND ADJACENT HIGH PLAINS.  IN
ADDITION TO THE SURFACE CYCLOGENESIS...PCPN FORMATION SHOULD BE
HELPED ON THE SOUTHERN PERIPHERY OF ARCTIC HIGH PRESSURE BUILDING
SOUTH OUT OF CANADA IN PART DUE TO THE VERY COLD TEMPS/VERY LOW
VALUES OF THE LOW LEVEL THICKNESS AS WELL AS DUE TO THE UPSLOPE
COMPONENT.

INITIAL THOUGHTS ARE THAT THE ECMWF SPREAD PCPN TOO FAR NORTH
GIVEN THE MAGNITUDE OF THE HIGH BUILDING OUT OF CANADA.
HOWEVER...IT IS PLAUSABLE FOR THE TO BE A PERIOD OF UPSLOPE PCPN
THAT FAR NORTH WITH THE INITIAL SHALLOW NATURE OF THE COLD SURGE.
EVEN SO...THE FELT THAT THE PLACEMENT OF THE AXIS OF PCPN FROM THE
NAM WAS REASONABLE ALTHOUGH THE AMOUNTS OF A QUARTER OF AN INCH OR
MORE WAS TOO WIDESPREAD.  THE EC ENSEMBLE MEAN GENERALLY SUPPORTED
LIGHTER AMOUNTS.

GRAPHICS AVAILABLE ON THE WEB AT
WWW.WPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/QPF/QPF2.SHTML

BURKE/BANN

24HR QP VT 06/00Z
 0.01 507264 507249 506235 502224 498214 494210 490206 482201
      472198 464199 460199 459196 460194 468190 474184 482181
      485173 484168 483166 485165 490171 493174 497175 501174
      504169 507164 509158 507153 505146 504141 501137 495129
      488122 479117 477114 477110 478107 480105 480098 479096
      474096 470095 467091 463088 461082 456064 456056 457048
      457041 459035 460027 462020 465016 469013 477007 478005
      480008 478013 473026 471031 471035 474039 477037 482039
      484044 484050 485055 486060 488065 492076 491084 492089
      498092 503088 512070 515065 518061 521057 523050 528022
      530016 530008 530998 528991 524981 520970 519965 516961
      512955 501942 497934 491925 489922 487919 488916 495912
      499909 499901 499896 500893 500884 500869 500865 499857
      491833 487821 485816 483813 477788 474776 475770 476764
      478754 477747 475744 467729 462720 464715 466708 466705
      463698 458689 456685 452682 444677 430665 425662 417664
      411668 406676 402683 399687 395687 386684 382686 377689
      357700 354703 351700 343705 333711 329713 326716 318733
      302763 293778 289784 286787 282789 273794 268797 262796
      252797 247800 246803 253809 261814 270816 272814 269811
      263805 262803 263801 267802 271802 276801 285802 295802
      298802 297805 295809 290815 281820 275821 272822 270824
      272828 275831 279840 283851 283859 281863 280867 277871
      274881 272893 267910 265920 263932 256948 249962 246972
      248983 248996 248002 250007 256013 261015 265019 268022
      272025 272030 269033 268038 268045 270055 273064 277067
      281068 287070 291071 295069 302066 307059 311050 313047
      314041
 0.01 314041 318029 322019 326994 330984 335978 346965 351953
      354942 359917 359911 360905 360892 359880 359874 358868
      358859 360857 363856 367854 373853 386852 396850 399849
      401850 404852 411857 426865 458887 465893 472899 474903
      473908 470919 470936 470944 470949 469952 468961 466966
      460974 450988 438002 431010 428013 428017 427020 426029
      428033 429036 429040 425044 423048 420050 416053 411054
      403053 400053 397057 393061 391066 388070 390075 394079
      396085 398090 402092 405095 405102 399107 393113 390116
      389123 393123 397126 395139 397151 396159 396165 397169
      400174 403177 405176 410176 412181 412190 409194 408196
      407200 406209 407213 410217 409225 406229 400234 406252
      407254 413255 418256 422256 427256 433257 443258 455262
      463269 474273 479275 483274 492277 499275 507264
 0.01 454167 452163 448163 442169 437177 434186 429197 427202
      426205 427208 433203 437198 439195 440187 441183 445180
      448180 448177 448172 448168 453168 454167
 0.01 426211 427208 426206 424207 423207 422209 422210 420211
      420214 419216 420218 422218 423217 424215 425213 425212
      426211
 0.01 438081 433076 427071 423072 421074 419077 415078 409082
      408086 409089 411098 414099 416097 417088 420084 423083
      428083 432085 434085 437083 438081
 0.01 414139 414137 413134 413132 413129 412128 411127 409126
      408128 407131 407133 406135 406137 406140 406142 407144
      407145 408147 410149 411148 412146 412143 413141 414139
 0.25 498252 497240 495235 493232 488229 485229 484226 485217
      481214 476212 475212 471213 468216 464216 455216 445216
      438217 432224 431234 430239 427243 429247 432248 436248
      441250 449250 458251 466255 483257 488258 492257 495256
      498252
 0.25 518020 517012 514006 510004 505000 503002 502006 502016
      501021 502026 501029 501031 507034 512031 515030 516027
      518020
 0.25 489144 490139 489136 488133 485131 483129 480128 477127
      476126 475131 475136 476139 477142 478145 480147 483149
      485149 488146 489144
 0.25 484861 480845 477839 476832 474821 471814 465804 461797
      457791 452779 448762 447746 446741 444742 439742 432742
      428743 425746 424750 427758 429765 431773 435790 438797
      439801 436808 434816 433823 433828 435830 440834 443835
      447834 450835 452835 452840 454846 458850 463851 467852
      468854 473858 477861 484861
 0.25 462153 462151 461148 459146 459145 458144 456143 454144
      453147 453149 454150 455152 456155 456156 457157 458158
      460157 461156 462153 462153
 0.25 454110 455104 454100 452097 449097 443096 436095 429094
      427103 423108 421113 424116 428117 433117 439117 445113
      449111 450112 454110
 0.25 453078 452071 449066 447059 448053 448044 446042 445046
      443053 440057 437064 436071 439075 445077 451080 453078
 0.25 418771 418769 417767 416767 415765 415764 414762 413761
      411761 409762 408763 408764 407766 407768 407771 407773
      408775 408777 409779 411779 413778 414777 415776 416775
      417773 418773 418771
 0.25 416064 414063 413064 412064 410066 408067 407067 405067
      404067 403070 404072 405072 406073 408074 410073 412073
      413071 414069 414068 415066 416065 416064
 0.25 409115 410112 409111 407111 406112 406114 406115 408115
      409115
 0.25 386728 384723 381720 376710 371711 367713 359718 351722
      348723 344722 338722 333728 320743 316751 312762 309770
      305777 303781 304785 308790 310806 309810 306815 296830
      293838 290846 285864 282875 281887 281894 279899 277910
      274919 270928 265941 262946 261952 257961 255965 256971
      257976 259980 259984 257989 256993 257997 259001 262003
      271002 289046 295039 300038 303034 308025 312016 317995
      320987 323979 327968 330957 331944 332932 336913 338901
      341893 342887 341879 341865 343853 343845 344840 347833
      349824 352814 356807 368791 372783 375778 378774 385770
      388766 386761 382752 384742 386733 386728
 0.25 308888 307890 309889 316881 316879 313881 308888
 0.25 297790 295789 293789 291790 289790 288791 286793 287795
      288796 290795 291794 293793 295792 297790 297790
 0.50 474247 476245 475242 473241 471241 470243 471245 471246
      472247 474247 474247
 0.50 484141 485138 484136 484135 482134 481132 479133 478134
      478137 479138 480139 482139 483140 483141 484141
 0.50 459240 460237 459235 455232 452233 450232 449229 450222
      447220 443221 441224 442228 444230 443232 445238 449241
      454241 458240 459240
 0.50 459820 459817 459815 458813 457812 456810 455810 454809
      453808 452808 450809 450811 449814 450816 451817 452818
      453819 454821 455821 456822 458822 459820
 0.50 441110 442108 441106 441104 440103 439102 438103 437103
      435105 435107 435108 435109 437111 438111 440111 441110
 0.50 370732 368727 361727 350729 340733 333737 324745 321749
      318754 316763 313775 315787 316800 313810 308820 297838
      293847 291856 288868 285880 285892 286899 289900 293900
      296897 303888 308881 312871 316861 322852 325843 328832
      332820 334808 336799 340795 342797 342801 340814 340817
      343818 346813 350804 351798 353793 366777 369772 371767
      371761 369755 367749 368742 370736 370732
 0.50 335895 336888 336881 334874 333870 329869 326872 321877
      309892 299903 285914 279920 275925 266942 265949 263958
      262963 261966 262968 266978 262996 272998 277999 282001
      293011 290020 289026 292030 297030 300028 304021 307012
      310001 312991 312985 311981 322967 320949 323939 325928
      330911 333902 335895
 1.00 356746 357742 355739 351738 345740 342742 336748 332747
      329749 325753 324756 323762 323767 329771 331773 334772
      337770 343765 350758 354751 356746
 1.00 330898 329887 329884 326882 321885 316890 301908 291918
      281923 272934 268944 269949 269953 270959 271961 279970
      280973 279977 275983 272987 269993 277993 285995 290995
      291991 291987 292979 293974 295972 298966 301960 308949
      314939 319924 324912 328904 330898
 1.00 325827 323823 319822 314819 307831 303838 299844 295857
      290872 288877 289881 290889 297887 301883 306877 308870
      311862 313856 320842 321837 323829 325827
 1.50 346754 344753 343755 344756 346754 346754
 1.50 326902 327895 325891 320892 317894 311900 306906 295919
      292922 288924 281929 278931 276936 275941 272950 272955
      275958 278961 281961 283960 288955 293952 296951 303946
      309940 312932 319915 324907 326902
 1.50 317834 313831 310834 305842 300851 296861 293872 294880
      296883 298882 301879 305875 306869 309859 314849 316839
      317834
 1.50 283988 285985 284984 283985 282986 281986 280987 281987
      283988
 2.00 319911 320906 319902 313903 304912 295922 286929 281934
      278939 275954 278955 280957 282958 284956 290945 295939
      297938 300939 303939 306937 308933 311924 314919 319911
 2.00 312843 312839 307843 303848 302853 299859 297865 296868
      297872 299877 304874 306867 308861 310856 311850 312843
 3.00 305863 308855 307853 306854 304856 304857 303859 302859
      301861 301863 300863 300865 300867 300870 301872 302872
      303871 303869 304867 304866 305865 305863
 3.00 307918 306917 305918 306919 307918

24HR QP VT 07/00Z
 0.01 558982 558956 558945 557937 557923 555917 555909 554903
      553897 552887 549876 547869 541856 532841 528835 523831
      514822 506813 496804 480802 474805 470810 465819 468826
      475832 481835 484837 488836 489839 487841 484842 478845
      475850 475854 472858 470858 467861 464868 462871 463878
      468883 468887 464890 459893 455896 451901 449904 448910
      445917 440925 440929 440933 444933 447930 452928 461920
      468915 470920 473930 474939 471947 469949 469953 469962
      469967 470969 471975 471983 470993 473999 480004 485008
      490013 493017 497022 501030 507037 512043 516046 519049
      523050 526050 528047 535038 538035 539030 542021 547015
      551009 555996 558982
 0.01 495244 493232 489222 482217 477216 474219 470217 466218
      462213 462205 461199 461195 463191 467189 469190 471193
      477201 484207 488208 491207 494204 493199 485175 481164
      476151 469144 466141 466133 465124 459116 452109 451104
      451100 448095 444094 439094 434097 430101 421104 414098
      413094 414089 415076 419071 420064 420055 420051 419048
      419041 419038 416036 414035 410035 406039 402041 396041
      394045 393051 392058 389061 385067 383070 385076 388080
      391087 388094 386100 388106 385111 383114 384120 386125
      389124 396121 401121 403125 418119 418123 416127 412129
      408135 407138 404137 402134 399136 393145 392149 391155
      390161 389164 391166 391170 389174 392177 396179 400179
      402181 402185 400187 397194 393198 385203 387206 390210
      395211 397213 404219 410223 408227 406228 402229 397232
      394236 392239 394246 394249 392257 392260 393263 395266
      399266 406263 410263 413265 440303 443306 448309 458312
      464311 467308 470304 475292 473279 474270 474263 476260
      479261 482263 484261 485255 484251 487249 490250 493248
      495244
 0.01 502144 500141 497138 493135 489132 486128 483127 481125
      481130 484134 487137 490140 493143 496146 500145 502144
 0.01 457677 452671 448667 446663 443658 440655 432652 428649
      425648 422646 416645 409642 402644 399648 391653 383659
      381663 380667 385678 390685 394689 398691 402690 405688
      411686 416687 431695 438697 446691 451689 454686 456682
      457677
 0.01 457704 455703 454705 451711 448714 448719 449724 446727
      444727 448729 451726 453723 454718 455712 456707 457704
 0.01 463102 464097 462093 462089 461086 458081 455078 451077
      449080 451083 455086 457091 457096 458101 461104 463102
 0.01 447805 443795 440784 437777 433770 420753 407740 389711
      376696 373694 369693 359691 355691 349692 339695 333698
      327703 323707 321711 317720 313729 308737 303745 298751
      294756 289762 278778 273786 267792 260798 257805 256813
      254821 242837 240840 239845 239850 241855 245857 245861
      242867 242871 244873 249879 262893 269898 275904 289914
      297916 305916 310918 312921 315926 317932 321956 324965
      330970 337973 344974 353969 360963 366956 372949 383936
      387930 391923 395914 400903 402898 405894 408892 411887
      415878 418870 420861 421857 424854 431848 435838 440830
      442823 443817 447805
 0.01 442065 440060 439057 437061 433063 430061 426058 425060
      422065 424067 429068 435069 438067 442065 442065
 0.01 436765 436763 434761 434759 434758 432757 431754 430754
      430755 430757 430759 430762 432764 433766 435768 436765
      436765
 0.01 410001 410994 406991 403996 399000 395004 393011 390018
      391022 395025 398023 402016 404012 408005 410001
 0.25 538984 537944 535927 533918 531910 527899 524892 520887
      517885 515887 513892 510900 509903 507903 505902 503903
      502909 499917 495924 491934 486949 482962 482969 484977
      489990 492997 495002 498005 502008 507011 514012 523009
      528005 532000 536992 538984
 0.25 480180 480178 480177 478175 477174 476174 476177 476179
      476180 477182 478182 479181 480180
 0.25 467250 466245 463243 456236 449236 444236 442232 445228
      448227 452226 455221 452217 448216 439215 423219 420222
      418226 416231 412233 407238 411245 416252 422253 426253
      433254 442258 447260 450258 453255 458252 463251 467250
 0.25 461178 460175 459175 457175 455172 454169 453166 452162
      449163 447165 446167 446172 447175 449176 452176 456177
      459180 461178
 0.25 445201 445199 445197 444196 444193 444191 444189 444188
      443186 443184 441185 441188 440190 440191 440192 439195
      439196 440197 441200 442202 444202 445201
 0.25 430192 431190 431188 430185 429184 428185 427186 426187
      426189 426191 428193 429193 430192
 0.25 422801 422788 420778 417772 412769 408766 404764 400763
      398759 394752 390744 384740 379734 377727 374721 367715
      360712 353710 345710 335711 333713 331716 324727 319734
      315742 308756 301769 298775 294780 290786 286795 280809
      277813 274814 268814 264818 261823 257831 255841 253848
      255852 258854 284864 290869 296875 301882 302885 300888
      297895 294902 294906 296909 302907 311904 315902 319902
      321905 322911 323915 326919 332923 336928 340943 341947
      344950 349951 354949 361946 368941 373935 377930 383918
      386910 388904 390902 395894 399887 406872 412859 422822
      422801
 0.50 512986 510978 509972 507964 505957 501953 496957 494962
      491970 492978 495984 499988 503991 508990 512986
 0.50 455246 453243 449241 443243 439243 435241 431240 426237
      424239 422238 415239 413241 417243 423248 430245 433245
      435247 443249 449246 455246
 0.50 447224 446223 445221 443220 441220 440220 438221 438224
      439225 441226 442226 444225 446224 447224
 0.50 436230 436228 436225 435224 434224 432223 430223 429222
      427222 425222 424222 424224 424227 424228 425230 426231
      427232 429232 431233 433232 434231 436230
 0.50 407857 406853 403849 401846 398846 393849 389854 384855
      381852 380846 382842 388826 387803 387792 388784 388776
      385770 386766 389762 390759 387751 384750 382751 380755
      376756 374754 369750 365745 363742 364738 365733 364728
      358721 351716 343715 337716 333721 330727 321743 314757
      306770 299780 295787 293795 293799 295800 299800 304810
      306814 306820 305824 303826 296828 290827 280825 274822
      270821 267824 265827 264833 265839 267842 274844 279846
      288846 295850 301855 315864 323866 325868 327871 327878
      325886 326891 329893 333895 338893 346889 350888 354890
      357894 358898 358906 355913 351919 350922 349928 350932
      353936 357937 361936 368931 373925 377919 383905 392890
      396882 400874 407857
 1.00 382891 381887 378889 376891 374893 373896 372898 370900
      369904 369907 371907 373906 374904 376902 378899 380895
      381893 382891
 1.00 369784 368779 363778 357777 351779 347783 345783 345778
      347774 347769 348760 348755 350749 351744 351738 350728
      349724 346723 342724 337727 333734 318765 315773 313780
      312784 314787 325788 327792 328798 325804 321814 318823
      315830 311835 302835 298837 297841 301843 306843 313841
      323841 330846 335852 341854 345854 348850 350846 352841
      353831 356824 362805 366795 366791 367787 369784
 1.00 357861 357857 354855 351857 349858 347860 346863 345866
      344869 344873 345875 348876 351875 353872 355870 355868
      356863 357861
 1.50 346741 345737 346732 343729 339732 336740 332749 328757
      324764 324770 326773 328775 331775 335773 340766 343757
      346747 346741
 1.50 350815 350812 348809 342808 337810 333815 330820 326825
      324829 326833 333833 339834 342831 345827 347824 348820
      350815
 2.00 342750 341746 338749 336751 335753 333756 331758 330761
      330763 332765 335763 337760 339758 340755 341753 342750

24HR QP VT 08/00Z
 0.01 558955 558921 557888 553865 550854 548842 546831 544825
      535809 522784 512767 504764 501762 504757 505753 506746
      508735 509724 507714 505707 502703 499702 492699 485698
      473697 468694 463698 456704 454705 452703 449701 445699
      441699 433703 428709 422710 420704 418700 417695 416682
      414671 412663 409657 407655 404655 399657 397658 395662
      392668 385673 380675 377677 374678 370679 366682 367685
      369688 366690 362690 357691 355694 350695 347698 340700
      332705 327711 317722 308732 301743 292754 282767 280771
      278776 276784 270802 270806 269808 266816 265823 269819
      277813 283808 289803 294798 299793 310780 315773 321767
      327760 328764 332763 347754 352751 355748 359750 360758
      361761 364762 370765 378767 384771 389776 389783 387788
      383796 370808 365815 358821 354826 351832 355837 360834
      373831 381818 386811 389809 392808 403807 412808 430811
      438813 444817 447819 449822 450828 452835 456850 461857
      465864 467870 467876 466879 466885 465888 465892 467898
      469911 472922 472932 471938 470945 471950 471954 472962
      479967 485974 485984 485994 485006 483010 483014 485037
      487047 490053 500070 503073 507073 514071 514066 516064
      520065 524062 526058 529052 533042 534036 535033 538027
      548012 551005 552995 552990 553987 554974 555968 556960
      558955
 0.01 490757 488752 486748 483743 481739 480735 478737 479744
      478749 476752 471756 475760 478759 484760 489760 490757
 0.01 468155 467151 465149 460146 457144 454144 454150 457155
      454159 450165 450170 452177 456173 459168 459160 460157
      463157 468155
 0.01 441108 441098 439091 434089 428089 425095 422093 421089
      417088 415092 400111 393111 387112 383115 379119 381122
      384121 385124 386130 387132 389130 393125 396125 398127
      397132 399132 410136 413139 412134 413123 415117 412115
      410112 411108 413101 417099 421098 422100 425104 423109
      420114 422117 429118 437114 441108
 0.01 431063 432057 431053 431041 431035 430033 426027 415003
      412995 411992 410986 407968 404962 402955 405942 405930
      405924 403922 400915 395911 385904 381902 376902 365912
      359925 354939 350942 345945 339949 337952 337957 337960
      339963 343963 346965 349966 350971 348978 347985 346993
      345005 345010 347013 350018 357021 362023 366024 368028
      368034 367041 368045 367048 361052 357056 360064 358070
      352073 347076 344081 343086 341089 336094 334097 334101
      334104 337106 339108 339112 344115 352104 358101 360098
      362094 365094 369093 369087 371085 376085 380087 380091
      375103 383104 388100 393096 397090 405080 412073 419070
      422070 425068 431063
 0.01 305960 304956 301955 294957 288961 282964 277969 273974
      272980 275982 281982 288979 293975 297969 302964 305960
 0.25 535952 536944 535937 534928 533923 530919 527918 525920
      518925 514926 509917 506916 502917 499921 500928 503934
      504939 504945 503949 504954 506963 509971 515988 519996
      521998 523997 525992 526988 528978 534960 535952
 0.25 446771 446766 444761 443754 441749 440745 438743 435738
      431733 427731 424732 418737 412737 411735 411731 411725
      410715 408707 406701 403698 399698 398701 395707 394712
      389715 384718 380723 377733 377737 377742 378746 381747
      390750 400755 404757 405764 409770 413773 417771 420766
      424766 427772 429778 432782 438782 443779 445774 446771
 0.25 408056 408052 408047 406044 405043 402042 400041 397043
      396046 397050 399052 400053 404054 405057 408056
 0.25 400023 399014 397007 395998 393993 391992 383992 380994
      378997 377003 378008 380015 384022 389027 395030 399030
      400025 400023

$$





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